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Multifunctional Structures And Materials

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Integrated Design of Multiscale Multifunctional Materials and Products

Integrated Design of Multiscale  Multifunctional Materials and Products Book
Author : David L. McDowell,Jitesh Panchal,Hae-Jin Choi,Carolyn Seepersad,Janet Allen,Farrokh Mistree
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2009-09-30
ISBN : 9780080952208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrated Design of Multiscale, Multifunctional Materials and Products is the first of its type to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products. In other words, materials are not just selected on the basis of properties, but the composition and/or microstructure iw designed to satisfy specific ranged sets of performance requirements. This book presents the motivation for pursuing concurrent design of materials and products, thoroughly discussing the details of multiscale modeling and multilevel robust design and provides details of the design methods/strategies along with selected examples of designing material attributes for specified system performance. It is intended as a monograph to serve as a foundational reference for instructors of courses at the senior and introductory graduate level in departments of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering and civil engineering who are interested in next generation systems-based design of materials. First of its kind to consider not only design of materials, but concurrent design of materials and products Treatment of uncertainty via robust design of materials Integrates the "materials by design approach" of Olson/Ques Tek LLC with the "materials selection" approach of Ashby/Granta Distinquishes the processes of concurrent design of materials and products as an overall systems design problem from the field of multiscale modeling Systematic mathematical algorithms and methods are introduced for robust design of materials, rather than ad hoc heuristics--it is oriented towards a true systems approach to design of materials and products

Materials Research to Meet 21st Century Defense Needs

Materials Research to Meet 21st Century Defense Needs Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Materials Research for Defense After Next
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-03-25
ISBN : 0309087007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to achieve the revolutionary new defense capabilities offered by materials science and engineering, innovative management to reduce the risks associated with translating research results will be needed along with the R&D. While payoff is expected to be high from the promising areas of materials research, many of the benefits are likely to be evolutionary. Nevertheless, failure to invest in more speculative areas of research could lead to undesired technological surprises. Basic research in physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science will provide the seeds for potentially revolutionary technologies later in the 21st century.

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials Book
Author : Pedro Costa,Carlos M Costa,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-19
ISBN : 0128185023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials presents the current state-of-the-art on multifunctional materials research, focusing on different morphologies and their preparation and applications. The book emphasizes recent advances on these types of materials as well as their application. Chapters cover porous multifunctional materials, thermochromic and thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, piezoelectric multifunctional materials, electrochromic and electrorheological, soft materials, magnetic and photochromic materials, and more. The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic researchers and industrial engineers working in the design and manufacture of multifunctional materials, composites and nanocomposites. Provides detailed information on design, modeling and structural applications Focuses on characteristics, processing, design and applications Discusses the main types of lightweight multifunctional materials and processing techniques, as well as the physico-chemical insights that can lead to improved performance

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures Book
Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351867954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures cover the latest advances in materials and structures in manufacturing and processing including additive and subtractive processes. It's intended to provide a compiled resource that reviews details of the advances that have been made in recent years in manufacturing and processing of materials and structures. A key development incorporated within this book is 3D printing, which is being used to produce complex parts including composites with odd shape fibers, as well as tissue and body organs. This book has been tailored for engineers, scientists and practitioners in different fields such as aerospace, mechanical engineering, materials science and biomedicine. Biomimetic principles have also been integrated. Features Provides the latest state-of-the art on different manufacturing processes, including a biomimetics viewpoint Offers broad coverage of advances in materials and manufacturing Written by chapter authors who are world-class researchers in their respective fields Provides in-depth presentation of the latest 3D and 4D technologies related to various manufacturing disciplines Provides substantial references in each chapter to enhance further study

Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures

Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures Book
Author : Kamran Behdinan,Rasool Moradi-Dastjerdi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-08
ISBN : 1119756715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offers a review of the newest methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and structures Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures provides an in-depth analysis of the thermal, electrical, and mechanical responses of multi-functional lightweight structures. The authors, noted experts on the topic, address the most recent and innovative methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and discuss various multiscale simulation approaches and nonlinear/structural dynamics methodologies. They present multifunctional materials and structures and offer detailed descriptions of the complex modelling of these structures. The authors divide the text into two sections and demonstrate a keen understanding and awareness of multi-functional lightweight aerostructures by taking unique approaches. They explore multi-disciplinary modelling and characterization alongside benchmark problems and applications, topics that are rarely approached in this field. This important book: Offers thermal, electrical, and mechanical analyses of multi-functional lightweight structures Covers innovative methodologies for the characterization and modelling of lightweight materials and structures Presents characterizations of a wide variety of novel materials Considers multifunctional novel structures with potential applications in different high-tech industries Discusses thermal and mechanical behaviors of some critical parts of aircrafts Includes efficient and highly accurate methodologies Written for professionals, engineers, researchers, and educators in academia, industrial, and other specialized research institutions, Advanced Multifunctional Lightweight Aerostructures is a much-needed text on the design practices of existing engineering building services and how these methods combine with recent developments.

Adaptronics and Smart Structures

Adaptronics and Smart Structures Book
Author : Hartmut Janocha
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3662038196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adaptronics is the term encompassing technical fields that have become known internationally under the names "smart materials", "intelligent structures", and "smart structures". Adaptronics contributes to the optimisation of systems and products. It bridges the gap between material and system or product, and incorporates the search for multi-functional materials and elements and their integration in systems or structures. The authors of this book have taken on the task of displaying the current state of the art in this fascinating field. The system components, actuators, sensors and controllers, technical fundamentals, materials, design rules and practical solutions are all described. Selected sample applications are also presented and current development trends are demonstrated.

Multi functional Materials and Structures

Multi functional Materials and Structures Book
Author : Alan Kin Tak Lau,J. Lu,Vijay K. Varadan,Fu-Kuo Chang,J.P. Tu,Pou Man Lam
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2008-06-12
ISBN : 3038132179
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Smart Materials are materials that can respond to environmental stimuli by exhibiting particular changes in some of their properties. Depending upon the change in some external condition, a smart materials can change its own characteristics (mechanical, electrical, appearance), structure, composition and/or response. These materials are usually embedded into systems whose inherent properties change favourably in order to meet performance needs.

Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials

Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials Book
Author : A. Paipetis,V. Kostopoulos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-14
ISBN : 9400742452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The well documented increase in the use of high performance composites as structural materials in aerospace components is continuously raising the demands in terms of dynamic performance, structural integrity, reliable life monitoring systems and adaptive actuating abilities. Current technologies address the above issues separately; material property tailoring and custom design practices aim to the enhancement of dynamic and damage tolerance characteristics, whereas life monitoring and actuation is performed with embedded sensors that may be detrimental to the structural integrity of the component. This publication explores the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an additive in the matrix of Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP), for producing structural composites with improved mechanical performance as well as sensing/actuating capabilities. The successful combination of the CNT properties and existing sensing actuating technologies leads to the realization of a multifunctional FRP structure. The current volume presents the state of the art research in this field. The contributions cover all the aspects of the novel composite systems, i.e. modeling from nano to macro scale, enhancement of structural efficiency, dispersion and manufacturing, integral health monitoring abilities, Raman monitoring, as well as the capabilities that ordered carbon nanotube arrays offer in terms of sensing and/or actuating in aerospace composites.

Shock Compression and Chemical Reaction of Multifunctional Energetic Structural Materials

Shock Compression and Chemical Reaction of Multifunctional Energetic Structural Materials Book
Author : Xianfeng Zhang,Wei Xiong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-09-15
ISBN : 012819684X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shock Compression and Chemical Reaction of Multifunctional Energetic Structural Materials provides an exhaustive overview of the mechanics, kinetics and physio-chemical behavior caused by shock-induced reaction and shock compression on multifunctional energetic structural materials (MESMs). The book covers foundational knowledge on shock waves and Equation of State (EOS), shock parameters, reaction kinetics, impedance matching, and more. In addition, it looks at more advanced subjects such as experimental analysis methods, numerical modeling techniques (from quasi-static to high-strain rates, including void collapse models), how EOS changes when reaction and detonation are involved, and more. Final chapters cover how to obtain EOS curves from experiments and various testing methods and numerical models for non-reactive porous solids and particulate composites, including 1-D reactive flow models. Flyer plate impact experiments are also discussed, as are the applications of hydrocodes and Lagrangian-framework-based methods. Provides an ideal balance of modeling concepts and experimental techniques Looks at mechanical testing processes of MESMs Outlines sample preparation, testing of samples, obtaining EOS from the testing, and using EOS for simulation Covers modeling for pore collapse, constituent material, and at a granular level

Mechanics of Composite Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials Fracture Fatigue Failure and Damage Evolution Volume 3

Mechanics of Composite  Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials  Fracture  Fatigue  Failure and Damage Evolution  Volume 3 Book
Author : Vijay Chalivendra,Allison M Beese,Ryan B. Berke
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-01
ISBN : 3030867412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials, Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 3 of the Proceedings of the 2021 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of four from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Recycled Constituent Composites Damage Detection Advanced Imaging of Composites Multifunctional Materials Composite Interfaces Tunable Composites Novel Experimental Methods Extreme Environments Interfacial Fracture Integration of Models & Experiments Mechanics of Energy & Energetic Materials Integration of Models & Experiments In Situ Techniques for Fatigue & Fracture Microscale & Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior

Mechanics of Composite Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials Volume 5

Mechanics of Composite  Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials  Volume 5 Book
Author : Piyush R. Thakre,Raman P. Singh,Geoffrey Slipher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-15
ISBN : 3319955101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials, Volume 5 of the Proceedings of the 2018 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fifth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Recycled Constituent Composites Nanocomposites Mechanics of Composites Fracture & Fatigue of Composites Multifunctional Materials Damage Detection & Non-destructive Evaluation Composites for Wind Energy & Aerospace Applications Computed Tomography of Composites Manufacturing & Joining of Composites Novel Developments in Composites

Multifunctional Cement Based Materials

Multifunctional Cement Based Materials Book
Author : Deborah D. L. Chung
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-08
ISBN : 1351989758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique in its focus on functional properties, this book examines the resistive, piezoresistive, thermoelectric, and electromagnetic behavior of multifunctional cement-based materials for reduced cost, improved durability and maintenance, and optimization of various structural designs. The author analyzes cement-based compounds for enhancing a wide-range of structures, including buildings, bridges, highways, automobiles, and aircrafts, exploring characteristics such as vibration damping, strain sensing, electromagnetic and magnetic shielding, electrical conductivity, and thermal insulation for improved structure stability and performance.

Composite Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials Volume 4

Composite  Hybrid  and Multifunctional Materials  Volume 4 Book
Author : Gyaneshwar Tandon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-01
ISBN : 3319069926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experimental Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials, Volume 4: Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fourth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Composites for Energy Applications Novel/Bio Composites NDE of Composites Mechanical Testing of Composites Strain Measurements Using Digital Image Correlation Digital Image Correlation for Composite Structures Particulate Composites Nanocomposites

Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes

Revolutionizing Aircraft Materials and Processes Book
Author : Spiros Pantelakis,Konstantinos Tserpes
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-11
ISBN : 303035346X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the emerging needs of the aerospace industry by discussing recent developments and future trends of aeronautic materials. It is aimed at advancing existing materials and fostering the ability to develop novel materials with less weight, increased mechanical properties, more functionality, diverse manufacturing methods, and recyclability. The development of novel materials and multifunctional materials has helped to increase efficiency and safety, reduce costs, and decrease the environmental foot print of the aeronautical industry. In this book, integral metallic structures designed by disruptive concepts, including topology optimization and additive manufacturing, are highlighted.

Implementation Plan for the NASA Center of Excellence for Structures and Materials

Implementation Plan for the NASA Center of Excellence for Structures and Materials Book
Author : Charles E. Harris
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Implementation Plan for the NASA Center of Excellence for Structures and Materials book written by Charles E. Harris, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Smart Composites

Smart Composites Book
Author : Rani Elhajjar,Valeria La Saponara,Anastasia Muliana
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-14
ISBN : 1439895910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design addresses the current progress in the mechanics and design of smart composites and multifunctional structures. Divided into three parts, it covers characterization of properties, analyses, and design of various advanced composite material systems with an emphasis on the coupled mechanical and non-mechanical behaviors. Part one includes analyses of smart materials related to electrically conductive, magnetostrictive nanocomposites and design of active fiber composites. These discussions include several techniques and challenges in manufacturing smart composites and characterizing coupled properties, as well as the analyses of composite structures at various length and time scales undergoing coupled mechanical and non-mechanical stimuli considering elastic, viscoelastic (and/or viscoplastic), fatigue, and damage behaviors. Part two is dedicated to a higher-scale analysis of smart structures with topics such as piezoelectrically actuated bistable composites, wing morphing design using macrofiber composites, and multifunctional layered composite beams. The analytical expressions for characterization of the smart structures are presented with an attention to practical application. Finally, part three presents recent advances regarding sensing and structural health monitoring with a focus on how the sensing abilities can be integrated within the material and provide continuous sensing, recognizing that multifunctional materials can be designed to both improve and enhance the health-monitoring capabilities and also enable effective nondestructive evaluation. Smart Composites: Mechanics and Design is an essential text for those interested in materials that not only possess the classical properties of stiffness and strength, but also act as actuators under a variety of external stimuli, provide passive and active response to enable structural health monitoring, facilitate advanced nondestructive testing strategies, and enable shape-changing and morphing structures.

Bioinspired Structures and Design

Bioinspired Structures and Design Book
Author : Wole Soboyejo,Leo Daniel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 1107015588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human cortical bone as a structural material : Hierarchical design and biological degradation / Robert Ritchie and Elizabeth A. Zimmermann -- Bio-inspiration from nacre / Nima Rahbar and Sina Askarinejad -- Bio-inspiration from bamboo / Ting Tan and Wole Soboyejo.

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures

Smart and Multifunctional Concrete Toward Sustainable Infrastructures Book
Author : Baoguo Han,Liqing Zhang,Jinping Ou
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-12
ISBN : 9811043493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research advances and findings in the field of smart/multifunctional concretes, focusing on the principles, design and fabrication, test and characterization, performance and mechanism, and their applications in infrastructures. It also discusses future challenges in the development and application of smart/multifunctional concretes, providing useful theory, ideas and principles, as well as insights and practical guidance for developing sustainable infrastructures. It is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in the field of civil-engineering materials and infrastructures.

Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures

Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures Book
Author : Christian Augustin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-10-04
ISBN : 3642004911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures are an emerging new material category, belonging like metal foams to the class cellular metals. Thanks to their advantageous mechanical and sound absorbing properties, Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures are very promising for various applications and our technological knowledge makes them ready for industrial usage. This reference gives a complete overview on this new materials class, the fundamentals, the applications and the perspective for future use. It provides the foundations for a profound understanding (production and processing), their physical properties (surface properties and stalility) and applicaltion (in particular for sound absorption and chemical adsorption in structural parts). The book is written for material scientists, product designers and developers as well as academic researches and scientists.

Architectured Multifunctional Materials

Architectured Multifunctional Materials  Book
Author : Yves J. M. Brechet,J. David Embury,Patrick R. Onck
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 9781107408173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In terms of design, multifunctional requirements are becoming the rule. While previous decades were driven by the development of new materials, this new engineering approach calls for the development of 'tailored materials'. Very often, contradictory requirements cannot be met by a single material. Fortunately, various innovative strategies are possible -associating different materials, playing with materials architectures (such as foams and truss lattices), or developing microstructural gradients. While these strategies open a whole new range of materials and properties, where structural requirements and functional properties can be combined, they also reveal additional challenges. New processes must be implemented. Appropriate constitutive equations must be developed. Interfaces must be engineered. And bioinspired hierarchical structures must be developed and modeled, to name just a few. This book brings together researchers to review recent advances and address the list of challenges. Topics include: basic concepts in architecture materials; cellular and fibrous materials; processing challenges; towards structures and multifunctional materials.