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Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

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Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Steven Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-15
ISBN : 9780444643353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While existing approaches to monitoring environmental contaminants tend to focus on a small suite of contaminant types and often involve monitoring at fixed points and at fixed times, Monitoring Environmental Contaminants focuses on a wide range of new technologies and approaches available for monitoring chemical and biological contaminants in air, water, soil and food. These new methods allow the ability to monitor a wider range of contaminants at much greater and temporal resolutions. Adoption of these methods could result in a change in our understanding of how humans and ecosystems are exposed to contaminants in different environmental media. This volume in the Environmental Contaminants Series provides an overview of a wide range of monitoring approaches ranging from citizen science networks to the use of robotics and sensor networks. Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes challenges in the adoption of some of these new approaches and methods for dealing with these challenges such as the use of mining techniques for large data. The case studies within will provide a thorough illustration for researchers, academics, and scientists involved in ecology and environmental sciences. Brings together chapters from a wide range of research in ecology and the environmental sciences Utilizes an easily understandable style that can be absorbed by a wide audience Uses case studies to illuminate the application of selected novel contamination monitoring approaches

Tools Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools  Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 012814680X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Biological Monitoring of Environmental Contaminants plants

Biological Monitoring of Environmental Contaminants  plants  Book
Author : M. A. S. Burton
Publisher :
Release : 1986
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aandacht voor het gebruik van planten voor meting van milieuverontreiniging (indicatorplanten). Voorbeelden worden besproken aan de hand van een indeling op basis van de soort contaminant (zware metalen, gasvormige bestanddelen)

Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring

Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring Book
Author : Richard Greenwood,Graham Mills,Bran Vrana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-07-03
ISBN : 9780080489506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Monitoring pollutants in air, soil and water is a routine requirement in the workplace, and in the wider environment. Passive samplers can provide a representative picture of levels of pollutants over a period of time from days to months by measuring the average concentrations to which they have been exposed. Air monitors are widely used, for instance to measure the exposure of workers to volatile compounds, but also for monitoring the fate of pollutants in the atmosphere. Passive sampling devices are now becomining increasingly used to monitor pollutants in rivers, coastal waters and ground water where contamination results from sources such as domestic and industrial discharges, and the use of agrochemicals. Passive Sampling Techniques in Environmental Monitoring provides a timely collection of information on a set of techniques that help monitor the quality of air, surface and ground waters. Passive sampling can provide an inexpensive means of obtaining a representative picture of quality over a period of time, even where levels of pollutants fluctuate due to discontinuous discharges or seasonal application of chemicals such as pesticides. Recent changes in legislation have increased the pressure to obtain better information than that provided by classical infrequent spot sampling. Brought together in one source, this book looks at the performance of a range of devices for the passive sampling of metals, and of non-polar and polar organic chemicals in air and in water. The strengths and weaknesses and the range of applicability of the technology are considered. * Comprehensive review of passive sampling - covering air, water and majority of available technologies in one volume * Chapters written by international specialist experts * Covers theory and applications, providing background information and guidelines for use in the field

Environmental Contaminants in Food

Environmental Contaminants in Food Book
Author : United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment,États-Unis. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Publisher :
Release : 1979
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Contaminants in Biota

Environmental Contaminants in Biota Book
Author : W. Nelson Beyer,James P. Meador
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-23
ISBN : 1420084062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examining tissue residues of contaminants in biota reveals the movement of contaminants within organisms and through food chains as well as the context for understanding and quantifying injuries to organisms and their communities. Yet tissue concentrations of some contaminants are especially challenging to interpret and the ability of today’s analytical chemists to provide reliable analytical data of most important environmental contaminants often surpasses the ability of ecotoxicologists to interpret those data. Offering guidance on the ecotoxicologically meaningful interpretation of tissue concentrations, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition is updated with current data and new ways of analyzing those data as well as additional contaminants not previously considered. Beginning with a history of wildlife toxicology and data interpretation, chapters cover a wide range of contaminants and their hazardous and lethal concentrations in various animals including DDT, Dioxins, PCBs, and PBDEs in aquatic organisms; methylmurcury, selenium, and trace metals in fishes and aquatic invertebrates; and pharmaceuticals and organic contaminants in marine mammals. The book considers the impact of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Dibenzofurans, and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers; cyclodiene; and other organochlorine pesticides in birds and mammals. Later chapters examine the effects and analysis of lead, cadmium, and radionuclides in biota. With thousands of published research papers reporting tissue concentrations each year, Environmental Contaminants in Biota, Interpreting Tissue Concentrations, Second Edition gives ecotoxicologists the ability to draw actionable value regarding the toxicological consequences of those concentrations and relate tissue concentrations quantitatively to injury: the core of ecotoxicology.

Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants in Field

Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants in Field Book
Author : D.P. Nikolelis,Ulrich J. Krull,Joseph Wang,Marco Mascini
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401589739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosensors offer clear and distinct advantages over standard analytical methods for the direct monitoring of environmental pollutants in the field, such as real-time detection with minimum sample preparation and handling. The present book highlights recent advantages that will be of great value to a range of scientists, researchers and students dealing with analytical and environmental chemistry and biosensor technology. It presents recent trends in analytical methodology for the determination of indoor and outdoor pollutants, advances in DNA, biological and recognition-based sensors, examples of biosensors for use in field and water analysis, biosensors based on non-aqueous systems, and recent advances in the miniaturisation and micromachining of biosensors.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Volume I

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING  Volume I Book
Author : Hilary I. Inyang, John L. Daniels
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-10-16
ISBN : 1905839758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Monitoring theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Environmental Monitoring is largely concerned with strategies in the preparation of environmental impact assessments, as well as in many circumstances in which human activities carry a risk of harmful effects on the natural environment.. All monitoring strategies and programmes on environment have reasons and justifications which are often designed to establish the current status of an environment or to establish trends in environmental parameters. The content of the Theme provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues that are great relevance to our world with respect to environmental monitoring. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs

Mutagenic Effects of Environmental Contaminants

Mutagenic Effects of Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : H.E. Sutton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323160107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mutagenic Effects of Environmental Contaminants investigates the mutagenic consequences of environmental contaminants, such as pesticides, industrials, food additives, drugs, and biologicals, as well as the possible relationships between mutagenesis and carcinogenesis. It describes the monitoring of chemical mutagens in the environment and the ways that genetic mutations cause disease in humans. Organized into 14 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the current burden of human genetic disease and the biochemical mechanisms of mutation. It then discusses practical and feasible methods that use a variety of organisms to screen potential mutagenic agents, increased mutation rates in human populations, mutagens that are currently used commercially, and the interrelationships between mutagenicity, carcinogenicity, and teratogenicity. The reader is also introduced to genetic toxicology, detection of chemically induced mutations in experimental animals, and chromosome and somatic mutations in humans. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, policymakers, and administrators of environmental programs.

Hazard Assessment and Control of Environmental Contaminants in Water

Hazard Assessment and Control of Environmental Contaminants in Water Book
Author : Saburo Matsui
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release : 1992
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing the problem of pollution by xenobiotics, this collection of papers includes coverage of chlorinated organics, pesticides, heavy metals and health risks, recent detection and monitoring methods, organic micropollutant detection and mutagens in environmental and drinking water.

Environmental Monitoring and Biodiagnostics of Hazardous Contaminants

Environmental Monitoring and Biodiagnostics of Hazardous Contaminants Book
Author : M. Healy,D.L. Wise,Murray Moo-Young
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-02-28
ISBN : 9780792368694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fourth International Symposium of the International Society for Environmental Biotechnology was held on the campus of Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland, on June 20-25, 1998, with an attendance of several hundred people. This meeting included technical presentations of state-of-the-art research which were integrated with tutorials and workshops by practising technologists in the broad field of environmental biotechnology. The meeting was designed to be, in every respect, truly global. For example, presentations were heard from technical workers in Southeast Asia, Iran, China, many countries in Europe, India, and the United States. By having these selected presenters, as well as experienced tutors with focused workshops, all participants benefited from this interactive symposium, and from an informal exchange of ideas, discussions of technical problems, and exploration of new applications. Environmental biotechnology is an emerging field of scientific and technological investigations that is truly global. Furthermore, popular recognition is high for the environmental problems being faced and solved by biotechnology methods. The papers in this book cover the following topics: (i) Metals: Mine Drainage, Removal, Toxicity; (ii) Waste Treatment/Monitoring; (iii) Integrated Systems; (iv) Bioremediation: In situ/Reactors/Basic Studies; (v) Water Quality; (vi) Biodegradation; (vii) Local/National/International Issues.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Book
Author : David M. Whitacre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-04
ISBN : 9781441998606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.