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Molten Salts Chemistry

Molten Salts Chemistry Book
Author : Frederic Lantelme,Henri Groult
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-08-14
ISBN : 0124017223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten salts and fused media provide the key properties and the theory of molten salts, as well as aspects of fused salts chemistry, helping you generate new ideas and applications for fused salts. Molten Salts Chemistry: From Lab to Applications examines how the electrical and thermal properties of molten salts, and generally low vapour pressure are well adapted to high temperature chemistry, enabling fast reaction rates. It also explains how their ability to dissolve many inorganic compounds such as oxides, nitrides, carbides and other salts make molten salts ideal as solvents in electrometallurgy, metal coating, treatment of by-products and energy conversion. This book also reviews newer applications of molten salts including materials for energy storage such as carbon nano-particles for efficient super capacitors, high capacity molten salt batteries and for heat transport and storage in solar plants. In addition, owing to their high thermal stability, they are considered as ideal candidates for the development of safer nuclear reactors and for the treatment of nuclear waste, especially to separate actinides from lanthanides by electrorefining. Explains the theory and properties of molten salts to help scientists understand these unique liquids Provides an ideal introduction to this expanding field Illustrated text with key real-life applications of molten salts in synthesis, energy, nuclear, and metal extraction

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry

Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry Book
Author : J. Braunstein,Gleb Mamantov,G. P. Smith
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 1461582709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first chapter of this volume deals with computer simulation of molten salt behavior by molecular dynamics calculations. The next four chapters are reviews of experimental work: Chapter 2 deals with the solubility of nonre active gases in molten salts, Chapter 3 with various types of organic reactions in molten tetrachloroaluminates, Chapter 4 with techniques for the study of molten fluorides, and Chapter 5 with the physical and chemical properties of thiocyanate melts. The last chapter is a collection of phase diagrams for binary and ternary fluoride systems. J. B., G. M., G. P. S. v CONTENTS Chapter 1 MOLECULAR DYNAMICS CALCULATIONS ON MOLTEN IONIC SALTS L. V. Woodcock 1. Introduction. . 4 2. Intermolecular Forces in Molten Salts 4 2.1. True and Effective Pair Potentials 2.2. Semiempirical Models 6 3. Computational Techniques 13 3.1. Molecular Dynamics Simulation 13 3.2. The Monte Carlo Method 15 3.3. Electrostatic Summations . . 18 4. Calculation of Physical Properties 23 4.1. Equilibrium Properties . 23 4.2. Transport Coefficients 27 4.3. Spectroscopic Properties 32 5. Applications. . . . . . . . 35 5.1. Studies of Interionic Forces. 35 5.2. Microstructure and Mechanisms 40 5.3. Interpretation of Experimental Observables 50 5.4. Reappraisal of Molten Salt Theories . 64 70 6. Conclusions 7. References. 72 vii Contents viii Chapter 2 GAS SOLUBILITY IN MOLTEN SALTS P. Field 1. Introduction 75 2. Experimental Techniques 78 3. Solution Thermodynamics.

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology

Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology Book
Author : Marcelle Gaune-Escard,Geir Martin Haarberg
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 1118448820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written to record and report on recent research progresses in the field of molten salts, Molten Salts Chemistry and Technology focuses on molten salts and ionic liquids for sustainable supply and application of materials. Including coverage of molten salt reactors, electrodeposition, aluminium electrolysis, electrochemistry, and electrowinning, the text provides researchers and postgraduate students with applications include energy conversion (solar cells and fuel cells), heat storage, green solvents, metallurgy, nuclear industry, pharmaceutics and biotechnology.

Molten Salts Handbook

Molten Salts Handbook Book
Author : George J. Janz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-06-11
ISBN : 0323144837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten Salts Handbook focuses on the features, properties, and structure of molten salts. This book presents several topics in annotated bibliographic table form, including phase equilibria, chemical syntheses, and molten salt electrolytes. Organized into six chapters, this book starts with a tabular presentation of data of the physical properties, thermodynamic properties, electrochemical properties, practical features, as well as spectroscopy and structure of molten salts. This text then illustrates the design features of different experimental assemblies and provides information on the technique through a liberally annotated bibliography. Other chapters provide a chemical index, which offers a ready guide to the status of data over the entire range of interests. This book presents as well the properties of viscosity, density, surface tension, refractive index, and electrical conductance for different compounds as single salt melts. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and researchers from diverse fields, including theoretical and applied electrochemistry, inorganic coordination chemistry, and transition metal chemistry.

Molten Salt Chemistry

Molten Salt Chemistry Book
Author : Gleb Mamantov,Roberto Marassi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-11-25
ISBN : 9789401082174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten salts are of considerable significance to chemical technology. Applications range from the established ones, such as the production of aluminum, magnesium, sodium and fluorine, to those as yet to be fully exploited, such as molten salt batteries and fuel cells, catalysis, and solar energy. Molten salts are investigated for different purposes by many diverse techniques. There is a need to keep investigators working in different areas, such as metal production, power sources, and glass industry, aware of progress in various specialties, as well as to familiarize new research workers with the fundamental aspects of the broad field of molten salt _ chemistry. This volume constitutes the plenary lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Molten Salt Chemistry, Camerino, Italy, August 3-15, 1986. The fundamentals and several selected applications of molten salt chemistry were addressed. The major fundamental topics covered at this ASI were the structure of melts, thermodynamics of molten salt mixtures, theoretical and experimental studies of transport processes, metal-metal salt solutions, solvent properties of melt systems, acid-base effects in molten salt chemistry, electronic absorption, vibrational, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of melt systems, electrochemistry and electroanalytical chemistry in molten salts, and organic chemistry in molten salts. The applied aspects of molten salt chemistry included the chemistry of aluminum production, electrodeposition using molten salts, and molten salt batteries and fuel cells.

Molten Salt Chemistry

Molten Salt Chemistry Book
Author : Gleb Mamantov,Roberto Marassi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400938632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten salts are of considerable significance to chemical technology. Applications range from the established ones, such as the production of aluminum, magnesium, sodium and fluorine, to those as yet to be fully exploited, such as molten salt batteries and fuel cells, catalysis, and solar energy. Molten salts are investigated for different purposes by many diverse techniques. There is a need to keep investigators working in different areas, such as metal production, power sources, and glass industry, aware of progress in various specialties, as well as to familiarize new research workers with the fundamental aspects of the broad field of molten salt _ chemistry. This volume constitutes the plenary lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Molten Salt Chemistry, Camerino, Italy, August 3-15, 1986. The fundamentals and several selected applications of molten salt chemistry were addressed. The major fundamental topics covered at this ASI were the structure of melts, thermodynamics of molten salt mixtures, theoretical and experimental studies of transport processes, metal-metal salt solutions, solvent properties of melt systems, acid-base effects in molten salt chemistry, electronic absorption, vibrational, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of melt systems, electrochemistry and electroanalytical chemistry in molten salts, and organic chemistry in molten salts. The applied aspects of molten salt chemistry included the chemistry of aluminum production, electrodeposition using molten salts, and molten salt batteries and fuel cells.

Refractory Metals in Molten Salts

Refractory Metals in Molten Salts Book
Author : D.H. Kerridge,Evgeny G. Polyakov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401591350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This NATO Advanced Research Workshop was devoted to a specialized topic in molten salt chemistry and was held in an exotic location (as far as Westerners were concerned) well within the Arctic Circle. It nevertheless facilitated a fruitful week, both ofscience and ofhuman contacts. The 42 oral presentations and posters from nine countries enabled the 59 participants to learn a great deal about many areas of recent research in the molten salt chemistry of refractory metals, while making new contacts as well as renewing old friendships. The time ofinformal contact ledto the beginningofa numberofnew research cooperations with interchangeofpersonnel. Thus the twin aimsofadvancing science and improving East-West understanding were both amply fulfilled. Indeed a warm and happy family atmosphere was very tangible doth during the scientific sessions and the social events, which participants, accompanying persons and local staffall enjoyed. This opportunity of living for a short time within the Arctic Circle was a novelty for most Westerners, who generally appreciated the very warm weather (the hottest for 20 years according to some residents), as well as the beautiful surroundings ofvery green birch/pine forest, rushing rivers,vast lakes and rounded mountains,frequently illuminated by wonderful sunsets. The evening barbeque beside Lake Imandra (100 km long) and the coach tour beside the beautiful White Sea dotted with islands in the Kandalaksha Recreational Area (National Park), to sample Pomor culture, dancing and fresh salmon soup, were high spots ofthe social programme.

Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology

Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology Book
Author : M. Chemla,D. Devilliers,Matthias Vogler
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 3035704481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This "state-of-the-art" volume presents the new developments in fundamental research and in industrial applications of Molten Salts. Special attention is placed on recent developments of special topics such as Electrodeposition of Refractory Metals (Niobium, Molybdenum), and Organic Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Molten Salts.

Physico Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes

Physico Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes Book
Author : Vladimir Danek †
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-09-14
ISBN : 9780080464961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes includes selected topics on the measurement and evaluation of physico-chemical properties of molten electrolytes. It describes the features, properties, and experimental measurement of different physico-chemical properties of molten salt systems used as electrolytes for different metal production, metallic layer deposition, as a medium for reactions in molten salts. The physico-chemical properties such as phase equilibria, density (molar volume), enthalpy (calorimetry), surface tension, vapor pressure, electrical conductivity, viscosity, etc. are the most important parameters of electrolytes needed for technological use. For each property the theoretical background, experimental techniques, as well as examples of the latest knowledge and the processing of most important salt systems will be given. The aim of Physico-Chemical Analysis of Molten Electrolytes is not only to present the state of the art on different properties of molten salts systems and their measurement, but also to present the possibilities of modeling molten salt systems, to be able to forecast the properties of an electrolyte mixture from the properties of the pure components in order to avoid experimentally demanding, and in most cases also expensive measurements. This book fills a substantial gap in this field of science. Also documententing the latest research in molten salts chemistry and brings new results and new insights into the study of molten salts systems using the results of X-ray diffraction and XAFS methods, Raman spectroscopy, and NMR measurements. * This book fills a substantial gap in this field of science * Serves as a invaluable reference for all people working in the field of molten salts chemistry * Describes fundamentals of the various properties of molten electrolytes

The Chemistry of Molten Salts

The Chemistry of Molten Salts Book
Author : Harry Bloom
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Chemistry of Molten Salts book written by Harry Bloom, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molten Salt Techniques

Molten Salt Techniques Book
Author : Robert J. Gale,D.G. Lovering
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-27
ISBN : 1461575028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second volume carries on the excellent work of its predecessor, ex tending its scope to other melts and to other techniques. It continues to present first-hand understanding and experience of this difficult and demanding field. There is ever present the trade-off or reconciliation between the novel chemistry of systems not dominated by the mediating influence of a supposedly indifferent solvent and the high temperatures required to effect the fluidity of the system. At the limit, the very high temperatures so increase the rates of all reactions as to dissolve the temporal difference between the thermodynamic and the kinetic view of chemistry. What can happen will happen and invariably does happen. Vessels corrode, the apparatus becomes a reactant, and the number of tolerant materials able to withstand the attack shrinks to graphite, boron carbide or, if all else fails, to frozen parts of the molten salt itself. It is probably true that there is no limit to man's ingenuity but I believe that God gave us molten salts just to test that thesis. If there is ever a Molten Salt Club, and Englishmen love clubs, its membership will be exclusive. It would certainly include the authors of this series. Graham Hills University of Strathclyde ix Preface In the first volume of this series, we expressed our contention that a real need existed for practical guidance in the field of molten salt experimentation.

Molten Salts

Molten Salts Book
Author : Marcelle Gaune-Escard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401004587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several state-of-the-art applications of molten salts are presented, such as metal-molten salt systems, room temperature glass formation, and room temperature melts. Several recent examples of applications highlight the importance of molten salts in various industries (batteries, pyrochemical reprocessing of nuclear fuel, synthesis and catalysis). The basic concepts of the structure, dynamics, electrochemistry, interfacial and thermodynamic properties are detailed and relevant experimental methods described. Such fundamental concepts are essential for an in-depth understanding of the physicochemical properties of molten salts in general, including metal-molten salts, glass forming and low temperature melts. Experimental methods for investigating structural, dynamical, electrochemical thermodynamical and interfacial properties are detailed, as also are techniques for data collection and analysis. Scientists, engineers and technologists will find the volume a valuable reference source covering a wide spectrum of fundamental concepts and modern technologies.

Molten Salt Techniques

Molten Salt Techniques Book
Author : Robert J. Gale,D.G. Lovering
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-10-24
ISBN : 9781461575047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second volume carries on the excellent work of its predecessor, ex tending its scope to other melts and to other techniques. It continues to present first-hand understanding and experience of this difficult and demanding field. There is ever present the trade-off or reconciliation between the novel chemistry of systems not dominated by the mediating influence of a supposedly indifferent solvent and the high temperatures required to effect the fluidity of the system. At the limit, the very high temperatures so increase the rates of all reactions as to dissolve the temporal difference between the thermodynamic and the kinetic view of chemistry. What can happen will happen and invariably does happen. Vessels corrode, the apparatus becomes a reactant, and the number of tolerant materials able to withstand the attack shrinks to graphite, boron carbide or, if all else fails, to frozen parts of the molten salt itself. It is probably true that there is no limit to man's ingenuity but I believe that God gave us molten salts just to test that thesis. If there is ever a Molten Salt Club, and Englishmen love clubs, its membership will be exclusive. It would certainly include the authors of this series. Graham Hills University of Strathclyde ix Preface In the first volume of this series, we expressed our contention that a real need existed for practical guidance in the field of molten salt experimentation.

Molten Salts

Molten Salts Book
Author : Gleb Mamantov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molten Salts book written by Gleb Mamantov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molten Salts 15

Molten Salts 15 Book
Author : Robert A. Mantz
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 1566775922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This symposium was dedicated to the significant and ground breaking accomplishments of Robert A. Osteryoung in the area of molten salts and ionic liquids. This symposium provided an international and interdisciplinary forum centered on innovative basic and applied research performed in molten salts and ionic liquids. Contributed papers were solicited in all areas of biology, chemistry, electrochemistry, electrochemical engineering, and physics related to molten salt research.

Program Abstracts of 2008 Joint Symposium on Molten Salts

Program   Abstracts of 2008 Joint Symposium on Molten Salts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Program Abstracts of 2008 Joint Symposium on Molten Salts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physical Chemistry of Molten Salts and Slags

Physical Chemistry of Molten Salts and Slags Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physical Chemistry of Molten Salts and Slags book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Molten Salts XIV

Molten Salts XIV Book
Author : R. A. Mantz
Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781566775144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molten Salts XIV book written by R. A. Mantz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electrochemical Technology of Molten Salts

Electrochemical Technology of Molten Salts Book
Author : C.A.C. Sequeira,G.S. Picard
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 1993-10-28
ISBN : 3035739765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past several years there has been remarkable interest and activity in two fields of the fused salt chemistry, namely Molten Salt Extractive Metallurgy and High-Temperature Fuel Cells. The required fundamental investigations for improving industrial processes are necessarily devoted to all aspects of the reactivity in molten salts. Therefore, most of the relevant disciplines are represented here: electrochemistry, spectroscopy and computer modelling.

Molten Salt Techniques

Molten Salt Techniques Book
Author : D.G. Lovering,Robert J. Gale
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The physicist Kamerlingh Onnes, who was the first to liquify helium (1908), had written on the walls of his laboratory in Leiden: "From measur ing to knowing." As true as this is at very low temperatures, it is just as applicable at the high temperatures of molten salts. Only on the basis of exact measurements by a plethora of experimental methods can any real understanding be reached of both classes of liquids. In both temperature ranges experimental difficulties are much greater than those encountered around ambient temperature. Molten salts often present a formidable challenge to the experimen talist, for example, because of corrosion and other materials problems. Applications of molten salts were for a long time based on empirical knowledge alone. This was true for the first application of molten salts in 1807, when Davy obtained sodium and potassium by electrolysis of the molten hydroxides. For 100 years the winning of aluminum has been based on the very nearly simultaneous invention by Hall and Heroult (1886) of the electrolysis of molten cryolite. The process, though essentially unchanged, has since been perfected owing to an improvement in our understanding of what actually happens, based on difficult measurements ofthe many variables. However, even now there are gaps in our knowledge.