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Molten Polymers

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Structure and Rheology of Molten Polymers

Structure and Rheology of Molten Polymers Book
Author : John M. Dealy,Daniel J. Read,Ronald G. Larson
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2018-02-12
ISBN : 1569906122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in polymer science have made it possible to relate quantitatively molecular structure to rheological behavior. At the same time, new methods of synthesis and characterization allow the preparation and structural verification of samples having a range of branched polymeric structures. This book unites this knowledge to enable production of polymers with prescribed processability and end-product properties. Methods of polymer synthesis and characterization are described, starting from fundamentals. The foundations of linear viscoelasticity are introduced, and then the linear behavior of entangled polymers is described in detail. This is followed by a discussion of the molecular modeling of linear behavior. Tube models for both linear and branched polymers are presented. The final two chapters deal with nonlinear rheological behavior and tube models to describe nonlinearity. In this second edition, each chapter has been significantly rewritten to account for recent advances in experimental methods and theoretical modeling. It includes new and updated material on developments in polymer synthesis and characterization, computational algorithms for linear and nonlinear rheology prediction, measurement of nonlinear viscoelasticity, entanglement detection algorithms in molecular dynamics, nonlinear constitutive equations, and instabilities. Contents: - Structure of Polymers - Polymerization Reactions and Processes - Linear Viscoelasticity - Fundamentals - Linear Viscoelasticity - Behavior of Molten Polymers - Tube Models for Linear Polymers - Fundamentals - Tube Models for Linear Polymers - Advanced Topics - Determination of Molecular Weight Distribution Using Rheology - Tube Models for Branched Polymers - Nonlinear Viscoelasticity - Tube Models for Nonlinear Viscoelasticity of Linear and Branched Polymers

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers Book
Author : G.M. Swallowe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-11-30
ISBN : 9780412801709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume represents a continuation of the Polymer Science and Technology series edited by Dr. D. M. Brewis and Professor D. Briggs. The theme of the series is the production of a number of stand alone volumes on various areas of polymer science and technology. Each volume contains short articles by a variety of expert contributors outlining a particular topic and these articles are extensively cross referenced. References to related topics included in the volume are indicated by bold text in the articles, the bold text being the title of the relevant article. At the end of each article there is a list of bibliographic references where interested readers can obtain further detailed information on the subject of the article. This volume was produced at the invitation of Derek Brewis who asked me to edit a text which concentrated on the mechanical properties of polymers. There are already many excellent books on the mechanical properties of polymers, and a somewhat lesser number of volumes dealing with methods of carrying out mechanical tests on polymers. Some of these books are listed in Appendix 1. In this volume I have attempted to cover basic mechanical properties and test methods as well as the theory of polymer mechanical deformation and hope that the reader will find the approach useful.

Chemical and Process Industries

Chemical and Process Industries Book
Author : Osei-Wusu Achaw,Eric Danso-Boateng
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 3030791394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook presents a thorough overview of chemical and process industries. It describes the standard technologies and the state of the industries and the manufacturing processes of specific chemical and allied products. It includes examples of industries in Ghana, highlighting the real-world applications of these technologies. The book introduces new developments in the processes in chemical industry, focuses on the technology and methodology of the processes and the chemistry underlying them. It offers guidance on operating of processing units. Furthermore, it includes sections on safety and environmental pollution control in industry. With a pedagogical and comprehensive approach, utilizing illustrations and tables, this book provides students in chemical engineering and industrial chemistry with a concise and up-to-date overview of this diverse subject.

Advances in Heat Transfer

Advances in Heat Transfer Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1977-05-24
ISBN : 9780080575674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Heat Transfer

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 0429534299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Publications

Publications Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wear

Wear Book
Author : Douglas Scott
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483218228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Materials Science and Technology, Volume 13: Wear provides a state of the art review of wear to form a basis for all future work on the subject and to be a standard work for all in the field. The book discusses the theories of wear and their significance for engineering practice; the wear of polymers; and the wear of carbons and graphites. The text also describes scuffing with regard to its physical manifestations, its importance in practice, theoretical interpretations advanced to describe and explain its occurrence. Abrasive wear; fretting; erosion caused by impact of solid particles; rolling contact fatigue; wear resistance of metals; and wear of metal-cutting tools are also looked into. Research workers, academic personnel, and students, as well as to tribologists, designers, practicing engineers, material scientists, physicists, chemists, and petroleum technologists will find the book invaluable.

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-07
ISBN : 3527654526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions

CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions Book
Author : Christian Wohlfarth
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-08-10
ISBN : 1466554436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions. Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing. A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.

New Polymeric Materials Reactive Processing and Physical Properties

New Polymeric Materials  Reactive Processing and Physical Properties Book
Author : Martuscelli,Marchetta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 1000083101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of new polymeric materials has caused a considerable expansion in the field of reactive processing. These new materials are very competitive compared to the traditional ones with respect to production costs and performance. The reports published in this volume present the recent developments and emerging trends in the field of reactive processing and the physical properties of the resulting polymeric materials. Special attention is given to the chemical, kinetic and rheological aspects of reactive processing.

The Chemistry of Polymers

The Chemistry of Polymers Book
Author : John W Nicholson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-01-16
ISBN : 1788011147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Chemistry of Polymers, 5th Edition, is fully updated with the latest developments in polymer science providing a highly readable textbook for those requiring a broad overview of the subject. Like previous editions, the book continues to explore the subject from an applications point of view, providing a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of polymer science including synthesis, structure, properties, degradation and dendrimers. Recent advances in special topics in polymer chemistry and polymers and the environment are also discussed in an informative and up-to-date manner. The new edition features additional content on recent developments in new polymer synthesis techniques including reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). The book also contains new content on the latest developments in polymer characterisation methods as well as applications of polymers including co-ordination polymers and lithium-polymer batteries. The book is essential reading for university students, teachers and scientists who wish to acquire an up-to-the-minute overview of polymer science and its many specialised topics in an informative and easy to read style.

Principles of Polymer Systems Sixth Edition

Principles of Polymer Systems  Sixth Edition Book
Author : Ferdinand Rodriguez,Claude Cohen,Christopher K. Ober,Lynden Archer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 1482223783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintaining a balance between depth and breadth, the Sixth Edition of Principles of Polymer Systems continues to present an integrated approach to polymer science and engineering. A classic text in the field, the new edition offers a comprehensive exploration of polymers at a level geared toward upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Revisions to the sixth edition include: A more detailed discussion of crystallization kinetics, strain-induced crystallization, block copolymers, liquid crystal polymers, and gels New, powerful radical polymerization methods Additional polymerization process flow sheets and discussion of the polymerization of polystyrene and poly(vinyl chloride) New discussions on the elongational viscosity of polymers and coarse-grained bead-spring molecular and tube models Updated information on models and experimental results of rubber elasticity Expanded sections on fracture of glassy and semicrystalline polymers New sections on fracture of elastomers, diffusion in polymers, and membrane formation New coverage of polymers from renewable resources New section on X-ray methods and dielectric relaxation All chapters have been updated and out-of-date material removed. The text contains more theoretical background for some of the fundamental concepts pertaining to polymer structure and behavior, while also providing an up-to-date discussion of the latest developments in polymerization systems. Example problems in the text help students through step-by-step solutions and nearly 300 end-of-chapter problems, many new to this edition, reinforce the concepts presented.

Polymer Chemistry

Polymer Chemistry Book
Author : Timothy P. Lodge,Paul C. Hiemenz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-14
ISBN : 1466581662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A well-rounded and articulate examination of polymer properties at the molecular level, Polymer Chemistry focuses on fundamental principles based on underlying chemical structures, polymer synthesis, characterization, and properties. It emphasizes the logical progression of concepts and provide mathematical tools as needed as well as fully derived problems for advanced calculations. The much-anticipated Third Edition expands and reorganizes material to better develop polymer chemistry concepts and update the remaining chapters. New examples and problems are also featured throughout. This revised edition: Integrates concepts from physics, biology, materials science, chemical engineering, and statistics as needed. Contains mathematical tools and step-by-step derivations for example problems Incorporates new theories and experiments using the latest tools and instrumentation and topics that appear prominently in current polymer science journals. The number of homework problems has been greatly increased, to over 350 in all. The worked examples and figures have been augmented. More examples of relevant synthetic chemistry have been introduced into Chapter 2 ("Step-Growth Polymers"). More details about atom-transfer radical polymerization and reversible addition/fragmentation chain-transfer polymerization have been added to Chapter 4 ("Controlled Polymerization"). Chapter 7 (renamed "Thermodynamics of Polymer Mixtures") now features a separate section on thermodynamics of polymer blends. Chapter 8 (still called "Light Scattering by Polymer Solutions") has been supplemented with an extensive introduction to small-angle neutron scattering. Polymer Chemistry, Third Edition offers a logical presentation of topics that can be scaled to meet the needs of introductory as well as more advanced courses in chemistry, materials science, polymer science, and chemical engineering.

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials

Theory of Flame Retardation of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Li Jianjun,Ou Yuxiang
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-08-19
ISBN : 3110386488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flame retardant materials are of vital importance in guaranteeing personal security. Especially the demand for non-toxic, low smoking, polymerized flame retardants increases and new materials enter the market. The authors present the fundamental theory of polymer combustion, compare different flame retardants, describe smoke suppression mechanisms, and explain analyzing techniques for new materials.

Polymer Process Engineering

Polymer Process Engineering Book
Author : R. Griskey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1995-07-31
ISBN : 9780412985416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first survey of polymer processing written on an introductory level, this presentation is grounded in industrial practice. It covers fundamental chemical engineering principles as they are exhibited in polymers, basic operations for production, and product design for applications, as well as recycling and environmental considerations.

Polymer Physics

Polymer Physics Book
Author : Wenbing Hu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-05
ISBN : 3709106702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A molecular view on the fundamental issues in polymer physics is provided with an aim at students in chemistry, chemical engineering, condensed matter physics and material science courses. An updated translation by the author, a renowned Chinese chemist, it has been proven to be an effective source of learning for many years. Up-to-date developments are reflected throughout the work in this concise presentation of the topic. The author aims at presenting the subject in an efficient manner, which makes this particularly suitable for teaching polymer physics in settings where time is limited, without having to sacrifice the extensive scope that this topic demands.

A Century of Fluid Mechanics in The Netherlands

A Century of Fluid Mechanics in The Netherlands Book
Author : Fons Alkemade
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-14
ISBN : 3030035867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In October 1918, Jan Burgers, 23 years old, started as professor of ‘aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and their applications’ at the Technical University in Delft. This can be regarded as the birth of fluid mechanics in the Netherlands, not only as an academic discipline but also as the start of the serious study of flow phenomena in engineering environments. During the period of Burgers’ tenure in Delft (till 1955) three Dutch institutes were founded which to this day remain important centres of research in various fields of fluid mechanics: aerospace engineering, hydraulics, and naval engineering. Burgers and others developed mathematical, experimental, and numerical approaches of a broad range of fluid flows; some of their achievements have become well-known worldwide and can be seen as highlights of Dutch fluid mechanics. From the 1950s ‘stromingsleer’ (flow theory) attained a permanent and respected place in the curriculum and research of (technical) universities, at many old and new research institutes and also at several industrial research laboratories. In the 1980s fluid mechanics finally became ‘recognized’ as a serious branch of physics and an important field of (applied) science. This resulted in a close cooperation between academic groups, institutes and industry and the foundation of the Burgerscentrum, the Research School for Fluid Mechanics in the Netherlands. One hundred years after Burgers’ appointment in Delft, Dutch fluid mechanics is still very much alive. This volume gives a full account of its rich history and also offers a view on the broad range of areas of application: transport, energy production, biology and medicine, production processes, etc. It has been written not only for those working in this field but also for those interested in the history of Dutch science and in the development of science and the fascinating world of fluid flow phenomena.

Developments In Pressure Sensitive Products

Developments In Pressure Sensitive Products Book
Author : Istvan Benedek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-02
ISBN : 1420027522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the first groundbreaking edition of Developments in Pressure-Sensitive Products was introduced in 1998, heavy research has resulted in substantial progress in the field. Fully updated and expanded to reflect this activity, Developments in Pressure-Sensitive Products, Second Edition provides a detailed overview of the entire range of pressure-

Handbook of Polymer Testing

Handbook of Polymer Testing Book
Author : Roger Brown
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-01-21
ISBN : 9780824701710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Polymer Testing: Physical Methods provides virtually currently used techniques for measuring and testing the physical properties of polymers. A concise but detailed technical guide to the physical testing methods of synthetic polymers in plastics, rubbers, cellular materials, textiles, coated fabrics, and composites, the book analyses a wide array of physical parameters and features complete coverage of mechanical, optical, and electrical, and thermal properties. Topics of interest include sample preparation, time-dependent properties, coated fabrics, weathering, permeability, and nondestructive testing.

Macromolecular Chemistry

Macromolecular Chemistry Book
Author : A D Jenkins,John F Kennedy
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1847556566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage of progress in the major areas of chemical research. Written by experts in their specialist fields the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, supplying regular critical in-depth accounts of progress in particular areas of chemistry. For over 80 years the Royal Society of Chemistry and its predecessor, the Chemical Society, have been publishing reports charting developments in chemistry, which originally took the form of Annual Reports. However, by 1967 the whole spectrum of chemistry could no longer be contained within one volume and the series Specialist Periodical Reports was born. The Annual Reports themselves still existed but were divided into two, and subsequently three, volumes covering Inorganic, Organic and Physical Chemistry. For more general coverage of the highlights in chemistry they remain a 'must'. Since that time the SPR series has altered according to the fluctuating degree of activity in various fields of chemistry. Some titles have remained unchanged, while others have altered their emphasis along with their titles; some have been combined under a new name whereas others have had to be discontinued. The current list of Specialist Periodical Reports can be seen on the inside flap of this volume.