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Molecules To Medicine With Mtor

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Molecules to Medicine with mTOR

Molecules to Medicine with mTOR Book
Author : Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-21
ISBN : 012802755X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecules to Medicine with mTOR: Translating Critical Pathways into Novel Therapeutic Strategies is a one-stop reference that thoroughly covers the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR). mTOR, also known as the mammalian target of rapamycin, is a 289-kDa serine/threonine protein kinase that is ubiquitous throughout the body and has a critical role in gene transcription and protein formation, stem cell development, cell survival and senescence, aging, immunity, tissue regeneration and repair, metabolism, tumorigenesis, oxidative stress, and pathways of programmed cell death that include apoptosis and autophagy. Incorporating a translational medicine approach, this important reference highlights the basic cellular biology of mTOR pathways, presents the role of mTOR during normal physiologic function and disease, and illustrates how the mechanisms of mTOR can be targeted for current and future therapeutic treatment strategies. Coverage of mTOR signaling includes the entire life cycle of cells that impacts multiple systems of the body including those of nervous, cardiovascular, immune, musculoskeletal, endocrine, reproductive, renal, and respiratory origin. Covers the role of mTOR by internationally recognized expert contributors in the field. Provides a clear picture of the complexity of mTOR signaling as well as of the different approaches that could target this pathway at various levels. Includes analysis of the role of mTOR and in both health and disease. Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings.

Molecules to Medicine with MTOR

Molecules to Medicine with MTOR Book
Author : Department of Neurology School of Medicine Kenneth Maiese,Kenneth Maiese
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-15
ISBN : 9780128027332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecules to Medicine with MTOR book written by Department of Neurology School of Medicine Kenneth Maiese,Kenneth Maiese, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

mTOR in Human Diseases

mTOR in Human Diseases Book
Author : Olivier Dormond
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-18
ISBN : 3039210602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major signaling intermediary that coordinates favorable environmental conditions with cell growth. Indeed, as part of two functionally distinct protein complexes, named mTORC1 and mTORC2, mTOR regulates a variety of cellular processes, including protein, lipid, and nucleotide synthesis, as well as autophagy. Over the last two decades, major molecular advances have been made in mTOR signaling and have revealed the complexity of the events implicated in mTOR function and regulation. In parallel, the role of mTOR in diverse pathological conditions has also been identified, including in cancer, hamartoma, neurological, and metabolic diseases. Through a series of articles, this book focuses on the role played by mTOR in cellular processes, metabolism in particular, and highlights a panel of human diseases for which mTOR inhibition provides or might provide benefits. It also addresses future studies needed to further characterize the role of mTOR in selected disorders, which will help design novel therapeutic approaches. It is therefore intended for everyone who has an interest in mTOR biology and its application in human pathologies.

mTOR Signaling in Metabolism and Cancer

mTOR Signaling in Metabolism and Cancer Book
Author : Shile Huang
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 3039435531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mechanistic/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a serine/threonine kinase, is a central regulator for human physiological activity. Deregulated mTOR signaling is implicated in a variety of disorders, such as cancer, obesity, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases. The papers published in this Special Issue summarize the current understanding of the mTOR pathway and its role in the regulation of tissue regeneration, regulatory T cell differentiation and function, and different types of cancer including hematologic malignancies, skin, prostate, breast, and head and neck cancer. The findings highlight that targeting mTOR pathway is a promising strategy to fight against certain human diseases.

Autophagy Cancer Other Pathologies Inflammation Immunity Infection and Aging

Autophagy  Cancer  Other Pathologies  Inflammation  Immunity  Infection  and Aging Book
Author : M. A. Hayat
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-28
ISBN : 0128094273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Autophagy: Cancer, Other Pathologies, Inflammation, Immunity, Infection, and Aging is an eleven volume series that discusses in detail all aspects of autophagy machinery in the context of health, cancer, and other pathologies. Autophagy maintains homeostasis during starvation or stress conditions by balancing the synthesis of cellular components and their deregulation by autophagy. This series discusses the characterization of autophagosome-enriched vaccines and its efficacy in cancer immunotherapy. Autophagy serves to maintain healthy cells, tissues, and organs, but also promotes cancer survival and growth of established tumors. Impaired or deregulated autophagy can also contribute to disease pathogenesis. Understanding the importance and necessity of the role of autophagy in health and disease is vital for the studies of cancer, aging, neurodegeneration, immunology, and infectious diseases. Comprehensive and forward-thinking, these books offer a valuable guide to cellular processes while also inciting researchers to explore their potentially important connections. Presents the most advanced information regarding the role of the autophagic system in life and death Examines whether autophagy acts fundamentally as a cell survivor or cell death pathway or both Introduces new, more effective therapeutic strategies in the development of targeted drugs and programmed cell death, providing information that will aid in preventing detrimental inflammation Features recent advancements in the molecular mechanisms underlying a large number of genetic and epigenetic diseases and abnormalities, including atherosclerosis and CNS tumors, and their development and treatment Includes chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Resveratrol

Resveratrol Book
Author : Farid A. Badria
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-02-06
ISBN : 1789849942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book intends to strike a balance between developments in research and the fact that researchers must absorb and link to scientific advances with clinical practice so that the management of diseases can be based on sound physiological concepts. This book addresses several controversial issues regarding a natural molecule with fascinating pharmacological and therapeutic effects. The book contains three sections: Section 1: Pharmacology and Therapeutic Applications of Resveratrol; Section 2: Bioavailability, Metabolism, and Mode of Action of Resveratrol; Section 3: Resveratrol and Its Role in Chronic and Degenerative Diseases. Does it Add Life to Years or Years to Life? It is our hope that this book will motivate readers to approach the evidence on the use resveratrol and thereby spark an interest in making further contributions to the current scientific debate and treatment development efforts.

Molecular Basis and Emerging Strategies for Anti aging Interventions

Molecular Basis and Emerging Strategies for Anti aging Interventions Book
Author : Syed Ibrahim Rizvi,Ufuk Çakatay
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-02
ISBN : 9811316996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the nature of aging, age-related disorders, and the molecular principles of emerging strategies for anti-aging interventions, while also discussing the discovery of targets for geroprotective drugs. Although significant medical advances in the treatment and eradication of life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular and infectious disease have been made over the past five decades, the prevalence of age-related disorders still remains high in older populations. Intervening into aging is the next frontier in contemporary medicine, and will be of increasing importance over time, as other sources of poor health are combated more and more successfully. Given the universal interest in anti-aging strategies, the book will appeal to a very broad audience. It addresses a diverse range of anti-aging interventions – including stem cells, autophagy, senolytics, anti-inflammatory methods, and telomerase induction – that will be of interest to scientists and researchers from various disciplines in the life sciences.

Small Molecules in Hematology

Small Molecules in Hematology Book
Author : Uwe M. Martens
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-01
ISBN : 3319914391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by respected experts, discusses in detail the latest developments in targeted therapy for hematologic malignancies using small molecules. It covers a wide range of small molecules including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, the IDH-2 inhibitor enasidenib, the BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax, and the proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib. For each molecule, aspects such as the chemical structure, mechanism of action, drug targets, drug interactions, preclinical studies, clinical trials, treatment applications, and toxicity are discussed. Extensive research into the molecular mechanisms of cancer has heralded a new age of targeted therapy. The field of precision cancer therapy is now growing rapidly, and the advances being made will mean significant changes in the treatment algorithms for cancer patients. Numerous novel targets that are crucial for the survival of cancer cells can be attacked by small molecules such as protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors. An accompanying volume addresses the use of small molecules in oncology, and the two volumes together represent the third edition of the book originally published under the same title.

Molecular Medicine

Molecular Medicine Book
Author : Jens Kurreck,Cy Aaron Stein
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-16
ISBN : 3527331891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Easy to read, yet comprehensive, this is the perfect introduction into the molecular basis of disease and the novel treatment options that have become available. The authors, Jens Kurreck and Cy Stein, have both long-standing teaching experience on the subject, one from a biologist's angle, the other with a medical background. Together, they have produced a modern textbook for courses in Molecular Medicine that incorporates modules from immunology to signaling, from virology to gene therapy, and the latest development in personalized medicine.

MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine

MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Chandan K. Sen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 0124058582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work encapsulates the uses of miRNA across stem cells, developmental biology, tissue injury and tissue regeneration. In particular contributors provide focused coverage of methodologies, intervention and tissue engineering. Regulating virtually all biological processes, the genome’s 1048 encoded microRNAs appear to hold considerable promise for the potential repair and regeneration of tissues and organs in future therapies. In this work, 50 experts address key topics of this fast-emerging field. Concisely summarizing and evaluating key findings emerging from fundamental research into translational application, they point to the current and future significance of clinical research in the miRNA area. Coverage encompasses all major aspects of fundamental stem cell and developmental biology, including the uses of miRNA across repair and regeneration, and special coverage of methodologies and interventions as they point towards organ and tissue engineering Multi-colour text layout with 150 colour figures to illustrate important findings Take home messages encapsulate key lessons throughout text Short chapters offer focused discussion and clear ‘voice’

Killing Cancer

Killing Cancer Book
Author : Tuula Kallunki
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-11-17
ISBN : 3039434403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the efficiency of current cancer treatments, cancer is still a deadly disease for too many. In 2008, 7.6 million people died of cancer; with the current development, it is estimated that the annual cancer death number will grow to 13 million by 2030. There is clearly a need for not only more research but also more innovative and out of the mainstream scientific ideas to discover and develop even better cancer treatments. This book presents the collective works published in the recent Special Issue entitled “Killing Cancer: Discovery and Selection of New Target Molecules”. These articles comprise a selection of studies, ideas, and opinions that aim to facilitate knowledge, thoughts, and discussion about which biological and molecular mechanisms in cancer we should target and how we should target them.

Metabolic and Bioenergetic Drivers of Neurodegenerative Disease Treating Neurodegenerative Diseases as Metabolic Diseases

Metabolic and Bioenergetic Drivers of Neurodegenerative Disease  Treating Neurodegenerative Diseases as Metabolic Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-25
ISBN : 012823122X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metabolic Drivers and Bioenergetic Components of Neurodegenerative Disease reviews how the different aspects of metabolic dysfunction and consequent pathology associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, can be targeted by novel treatment approaches. Topics covered include Cellular Senescence in Aging and Age-Related Disorders: Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Repurposing GLP1 agonists for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Ketotherapeutics for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Enhancing Mitophagy as a Therapeutic Approach for Neurodegenerative Diseases; Harnessing Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain – A Role in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer’s disease; and much more. Summarizes the impact of the metabolic hypothesis on underlying mechanisms of neurodegenerative diseases Presents novel, potential treatment strategies based on the metabolic hypothesis for neurodegenerative diseases.

Frailty and Sarcopenia

Frailty and Sarcopenia Book
Author : Yannis Dionyssiotis
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-08-30
ISBN : 9535134833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Frailty is considered a multisystem impairment that makes an individual vulnerable to external or internal stressors. Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function, is proposed as the biological substrate and the pathway whereby the consequences of physical frailty develop. These syndromes are associated with a negative impact in quality of life and can lead to the occurrence of disability, institutionalization, and even mortality. The book focuses upon all the related aspects of frailty and sarcopenia and the new advancements in the related treatments including complex issues and research. It includes high-quality chapters in all related aspects for the syndromes of sarcopenia and frailty, which adversely affect the function and overall effectiveness of the musculoskeletal system and interventions to promote rehabilitation.

Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance

Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance Book
Author : Aamir Ahmad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 3030203018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resistance to therapies, both targeted and systemic, and metastases to distant organs are the underlying causes of breast cancer-associated mortality. The second edition of Breast Cancer Metastasis and Drug Resistance brings together some of the leading experts to comprehensively understand breast cancer: the factors that make it lethal, and current research and clinical progress. This volume covers the following core topics: basic understanding of breast cancer (statistics, epidemiology, racial disparity and heterogeneity), metastasis and drug resistance (bone metastasis, trastuzumab resistance, tamoxifen resistance and novel therapeutic targets, including non-coding RNAs, inflammatory cytokines, cancer stem cells, ubiquitin ligases, tumor microenvironment and signaling pathways such as TRAIL, JAK-STAT and mTOR) and recent developments in the field (epigenetic regulation, microRNAs-mediated regulation, novel therapies and the clinically relevant 3D models). Experts also discuss the advances in laboratory research along with their translational and clinical implications with an overarching goal to improve the diagnosis and prognosis, particularly that of breast cancer patients with advanced disease.

T Cell Development

T Cell Development Book
Author : Remy Bosselut,Melanie S. Vacchio
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-10-28
ISBN : 9781493948437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides simple and accessible experiment protocols to explore thymus biology. "T-Cell Development: Methods and Protocols" is divided into three parts presenting short reviews on T cell development, analysis strategies, protocols for cell preparation, flow cytometry analyses, and multiple aspects of thymocyte biology. As a volume in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters contain introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Concise and easy-to-use, "T-Cell Development: Methods and Protocols" aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field."

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery Book
Author : Stephen Neidle
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 9780080554952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ultimate source of information on the design of new anticancer agents, emphasizing small molecules, this newest work covers recent notable successes resulting from the human genome and cancer genomics projects. These advances have provided information on targets involved in specific cancers that are leading to effective medicines for at least some of the common solid tumors. Unique sections explain the basic underlying principles of cancer drug development and provide a practical introduction to modern methods of drug design. Appealing to a broad audience, this is an excellent reference for translational researchers interested in cancer biology and medicine as well as students in pharmacy, pharmacology, or medicinal and biological chemistry and clinicians taking oncology options. * Covers both currently available drugs as well as those under development * Provides a clinical perspective on trials of new anticancer agents * Presents drug discovery examples through the use of case histories

Probiotics

Probiotics Book
Author : Shymaa Enany
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 1789233860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Probiotic has been used for centuries especially in fermented dairy products since Metchnikoff associated the intake of fermented milk with prolonged life. Probiotics confer many health benefits to humans, animals, and plants when administered in proper amounts. These benefits include the prevention of gastrointestinal infections and antibiotic-associated diarrhea, the reduction of serum cholesterol and allergenic and atopic complaints, and the protection of the immune system. Furthermore, the proper usage of probiotics could suppress Helicobacter pylori infection and Crohn's disease, improve inflammatory bowel disease, and prevent cancer. In this book, we present specialists with experience in the field of probiotics exploring their current knowledge and their future prospects.

Designing Multi Target Drugs

Designing Multi Target Drugs Book
Author : J. Richard Morphy,C John Harris
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 1849734917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-target drug discovery (MTDD) is an emerging area of increasing interest to the drug discovery community. Drugs that modulate several targets have the potential for an improved balance of efficacy and safety compared to single targets agents. Although there are a number of marketed drugs that are thought to derive their therapeutic benefit by virtue of interacting with multiple targets, the majority of these were discovered accidentally. Written by world renowned experts, this is the first book to gather together knowledge and experiences of the rational discovery of multi-target drugs. It describes the current state of the art, the achievements and the challenges of the field and importantly the lessons learned by researchers to date and their application to future MTDD.

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism

The Heterogeneity of Cancer Metabolism Book
Author : Anne Le
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-20
ISBN : 303065768X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access volume will introduce recent discoveries in cancer metabolism since the publication of the first edition in 2018, providing readers with an up-to-date understanding of developments in the field. Genetic alterations in cancer, in addition to being the fundamental drivers of tumorigenesis, can give rise to a variety of metabolic adaptations that allow cancer cells to survive and proliferate in diverse tumor microenvironments. This metabolic flexibility is different from normal cellular metabolic processes and leads to heterogeneity in cancer metabolism within the same cancer type or even within the same tumor. In this book, the authors delve into the complexity and diversity of cancer metabolism and highlight how understanding the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism is fundamental to the development of effective metabolism-based therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment. Deciphering how cancer cells utilize various nutrient resources will enable clinicians and researchers to pair specific chemotherapeutic agents with patients who are most likely to respond with positive outcomes, allowing for more cost-effective and personalized cancer treatment. This book has four major parts. Part one will cover the basic metabolism of cancer cells, followed by a discussion of the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism in part two. Part three addresses the relationship between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts, and the new part four will explore the metabolic interplay between cancer and other diseases. This new section makes the book unique from other texts currently available on the market. The second edition will be useful for cancer metabolism researchers, cancer biologists, epidemiologists, physicians, health care professionals in related disciplines, policymakers, marketing and economic strategists, among others. It may also be used in courses such as intro to cancer metabolism, cancer biology, and related biochemistry courses for undergraduate and graduate students.

mTOR Pathway and mTOR Inhibitors in Cancer Therapy

mTOR Pathway and mTOR Inhibitors in Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Vitaly A. Polunovsky,Peter J. Houghton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-23
ISBN : 1603272712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main objective of this book is to provide an up-to-date survey of the rapidly advancing eld of cancer therapy. Moreover, since our knowledge in this area rapidly evolves, some data have got obsolete during the process of book editing. Our understanding of the mechanisms involved in cancer genesis and progression underwent unprecedented expansion during the last decade, opening a new era of cancer treatment – targeted therapy. The surge in this area results in no small part from studies conducted jointly by basic health scientists and clinical investigators. It is our hope that this book will help foster even further collaboration between investigators in these two disciplines. The target of rapamycin (TOR) was rst identi ed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and subsequently in mammals (mTOR) as a conserved atypical serine/threonine kinase. In mammalian cells, mTOR exists in at least two multi-protein complexes that have critical roles in regulating cellular homeostasis and survival. As with many other areas of science, discovery of TOR signaling was fortuitous. Rapamycin was isolated as a product of the soil bacteria Streptomyces hygroscopicus, identi ed in a soil sample taken from the island of Rapa Nui (Easter Island). Rapamycin was rst discovered to be a potent antifungal agent and next as an immune suppressive drug. It was only later that it was found to be active as an antitumor agent in non-clinical models; although it was not developed for this indication. The history of rapamycin presents one of the rst examples of chemical genetics.