Skip to main content

Molecular Targets In Protein Misfolding And Neurodegenerative Disease

In Order to Read Online or Download Molecular Targets In Protein Misfolding And Neurodegenerative Disease Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease Book
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-10-07
ISBN : 0128004991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Aimed at "drug discoverers" – i.e. any scientist who is interested in neurodegenerative diseases in general, and in finding disease-modifying treatments in particular – the first edition of Molecular Targets in Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease will contain both a detailed, discipline-specific coverage (paragraphs on medicinal chemistry, on clinical and preclinical characterization of compounds in development, on target identification and validation, on genetic factors influencing a pathology, etc.) and a drug discovery-oriented, overall evaluation of each target (validation, druggability, existing leads, etc.). Together these will satisfy the needs of various audiences, including in vitro biologists, pharmacologists, medicinal chemists, etc. Written to provide a comprehensive coverage of disease-modifying mechanisms and compounds against neurodegenerative diseases Provides a “drug discovery application oriented perspective, evaluating targets and candidates for their overall therapeutic potential Provides discipline-specific chapters (medicinal chemistry, target validation, preclinical and clinical development Provides an overview on a number of molecular mechanisms (e.g. phosphorylation, chaperon refolding, ubiquitination, autophagy, microtubule transportation, protease cleavage, etc.) with relevance for any disease area Contains a more thorough description of the therapeutic relevance of ~10 specific molecular targets

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease Book
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-01-12
ISBN : 9780128019443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book is a neurochemistry-based companion for Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Molecular Targets, an Elsevier title by the same author publishing in December 2014. While the first book focuses on biology and molecular targets, this companion book describes how these targets are regulated by small molecules and disease-modifying compounds. The book begins with a brief introduction to how key proteins become dysfunctional, and each subsequent chapter describes major disease mechanisms in Alzheimer's and other tauopathies. Properties and development status of these molecular targets and disease mechanisms are thoroughly described, as are small molecule effectors of autophagy and dis-aggregating agents. • Written to provide comprehensive coverage of neurodegenerative disease-modifying compounds; • Provides discipline-specific chapters that cover medicinal chemistry and clinical applications; • Provides an overview of more than 200 chemical classes and lead compounds, acting on selected molecular targets that are of relevance to any neurodegenerative disorder; • Coverage of misfolding diseases, chaperone proteins, ubiquitination and autophagy/oncology makes this book suitable for structural neurochemists, chemists, biologists, non-CNS scientists, and scientists interested in drug discovery.

Molecular Chaperones and Protein Folding As Therapeutic Targets in Parkinson s Disease and Other Synucleinopathies

Molecular Chaperones and Protein Folding As Therapeutic Targets in Parkinson s Disease and Other Synucleinopathies Book
Author : Applied Research Applied Research Press
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2015-08-09
ISBN : 9781516822478
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Changes in protein metabolism are key to disease onset and progression in many neurodegenerative diseases. As a prime example, in Parkinson's disease, folding, post-translational modification and recycling of the synaptic protein alpha-synuclein are clearly altered, leading to a progressive accumulation of pathogenic protein species and the formation of intracellular inclusion bodies. Altered protein folding is one of the first steps of an increasingly understood cascade in which alpha-synuclein forms complex oligomers and finally distinct protein aggregates, termed Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites. In neurons, an elaborated network of chaperone and co-chaperone proteins is instrumental in mediating protein folding and re-folding. In addition to their direct influence on client proteins, chaperones interact with protein degradation pathways such as the ubiquitin-proteasome-system or autophagy in order to ensure the effective removal of irreversibly misfolded and potentially pathogenic proteins. Because of the vital role of proper protein folding for protein homeostasis, a growing number of studies have evaluated the contribution of chaperone proteins to neurodegeneration. We herein review our current understanding of the involvement of chaperones, co-chaperones and chaperone-mediated autophagy in synucleinopathies with a focus on the Hsp90 and Hsp70 chaperone system. We discuss genetic and pathological studies in Parkinson's disease as well as experimental studies in models of synucleinopathies that explore molecular chaperones and protein degradation pathways as a novel therapeutic target. To this end, we examine the capacity of chaperones to prevent or modulate neurodegeneration and summarize the current progress in models of Parkinson's disease and related neurodegenerative disorders.

Protein Quality Control in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Protein Quality Control in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Richard I. Morimoto,Yves Christen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-13
ISBN : 3642279287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The health of the proteome depends upon protein quality control to regulate the proper synthesis, folding, translocation, and clearance of proteins. The cell is challenged constantly by environmental and physiological stress, aging, and the chronic expressions of disease associated misfolded proteins. Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that the expression of damaged proteins initiates a cascade of molecular events that leads to Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, and other diseases of protein conformation.

Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Robert D. E. Sewell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-12-03
ISBN : 9781420007145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Research focused on protein folding, misfolding, and aggregation is leading to major advances across biochemistry and medicine. The elucidation of a folding code is proving to be of extreme importance in the postgenomic era, where a number of orphan genes have been identified for which no clear function has yet been established. This research is starting to shed light on the molecular and biochemical basis of a number of neurodegenerative diseases of dramatic impact. Protein Misfolding in Neurodegenerative Diseases: Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies addresses key issues concerning protein misfolding and aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases. Building on recent developments, including the recognition of protein misfolding as both a marker and a causal agent, the text presents the work of those who are actively pursuing more effective treatments, as well as preventative measures, and a possible cure. These include the use of molecular chaperones to control misfolding and novel pharmaceuticals, as well as the potential role of various inhibitors and NSAIDS. A Comprehensive Multifaceted Examination of the Complex Causal Agents Implicated in Protein Misfolding Divided into five sections, this groundbreaking text provides up-to-date accounts for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalitis. It also explores the highly likelihood that multiple factors, including oxidative stress, play a role in these complex diseases.

Protein Chaperones and Protection from Neurodegenerative Diseases

Protein Chaperones and Protection from Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Stephan N. Witt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 1118063899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

How protein chaperones protect cells from neurodegenerative diseases Including contributions from leading experts, Protein Chaperones and Protection from Neurodegenerative Diseases provides an in-depth exploration of how protein chaperones are involved in shielding cells from toxic aggregated or misfolded protein states that cause ALS, Parkinson's, and related diseases. Examining how different protein chaperones ameliorate the toxicity of proteins that are known to cause neurodegenerative damage, the book addresses both research and clinical perspectives on chaperone and anti-chaperone properties. The intersection of molecular chaperones and neurodegeneration is an intensely studied area, partly because of the potential for manipulating the expression of molecular chaperones to thwart the progression of debilitating diseases, and partly because of the ever-aging global population. Discussing the potential to harness the power of protein chaperones, and future directions for research, discovery, and therapeutics, this book is essential reading for scientists working in the fields of biochemistry, molecular medicine, pharmacology and drug discovery, biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies, advanced students, and anyone interested in this cutting-edge topic.

Protein and Peptide Folding Misfolding and Non Folding

Protein and Peptide Folding  Misfolding  and Non Folding Book
Author : Reinhard Schweitzer-Stenner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-02-08
ISBN : 1118183355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Sheds new light on intrinsically disordered proteins andpeptides, including their role in neurodegenerative diseases With the discovery of intrinsically disordered proteins andpeptides (IDPs), researchers realized that proteins do notnecessarily adopt a well defined secondary and tertiary structurein order to perform biological functions. In fact, IDPs playbiologically relevant roles, acting as inhibitors, scavengers, andeven facilitating DNA/RNA-protein interactions. Due to theirpropensity for self-aggregation and fibril formation, some IDPs areinvolved in neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's andAlzheimer's. With contributions from leading researchers, this text reviewsthe most recent studies, encapsulating our understanding of IDPs.The authors explain how the growing body of IDP research isbuilding our knowledge of the folding process, the binding ofligands to receptor molecules, and peptide self-aggregation.Readers will discover a variety of experimental, theoretical, andcomputational approaches used to better understand the propertiesand function of IDPs. Moreover, they'll discover the role of IDPsin human disease and as drug targets. Protein and Peptide Folding, Misfolding, and Non-Folding beginswith an introduction that explains why research on IDPs hassignificantly expanded in the past few years. Next, the book isdivided into three sections: Conformational Analysis of Unfolded States Disordered Peptides and Molecular Recognition Aggregation of Disordered Peptides Throughout the book, detailed figures help readers understandthe structure, properties, and function of IDPs. References at theend of each chapter serve as a gateway to the growing body ofliterature in the field. With the publication of Protein and Peptide Folding, Misfolding,and Non-Folding, researchers now have a single place to discoverIDPs, their diverse biological functions, and the many disciplinesthat have contributed to our evolving understanding of them.

Protein Folding Disorders Of The Central Nervous System

Protein Folding Disorders Of The Central Nervous System Book
Author : Ghiso Jorge A,Rostagno Agueda A
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 9813222972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This exciting new book explores the dark side of the molecular protein assembly bringing an updated view of how failures in the homeostatic mechanisms that efficiently regulate protein folding leads to the accumulation of structurally abnormal pathogenic assemblies, encompassing an emerging group of diseases collectively known as "Protein Folding Disorders." This complex and diverse group of chronic and progressive entities are bridged together by their relationship to structural transitions in the native state of specific proteinaceous components, which for reasons poorly understood, convert into polymeric aggregates that generate poorly soluble tissue deposits and which are considered today the culprit of the disease pathogenesis in their respective diseases. Despite the diversity in the amino acid sequence of the different proteins involved in these heterogeneous disorders, all the pathologic conformers can trigger cascades of events ultimately resulting in cell dysfunction and death with devastating clinical consequences in many of the most precious aspects of human existence including personality, cognition, memory, and skilled movements. This book, which is composed of a compilation of chapters authored by outstanding and well-published scientists in the respective fields currently performing active investigations at world renowned universities and research centers, focuses on the growing number of diseases associated with protein misfolding in the central nervous system. Individual chapters are dedicated to the most common neurodegenerative diseases associated with protein aggregation/fibrillization focusing on the nature of the pathogenic species and the cellular pathways involved in the molecular pathogenesis of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases as well as in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and Prion disorders. A group of contributions is centered on the current knowledge of the intracellular pathways and subcellular organelles affected by the different disease conditions, while others are focused in the emerging pathogenic role of misfolded subunits assembled into neurotoxic soluble oligomers, and in the novel notion of the transmissibility of the protein misfolded species, an innovative concept until recently only accepted for Prion diseases. Lastly, a different set of chapters is dedicated to the evaluation of novel therapeutic strategies for these devastating diseases. Contents: Misfolding, Aggregation, and Amyloid Formation: The Dark Side of Proteins (Agueda Rostagno and Jorge A Ghiso)Oligomers at the Synapse: Synaptic Dysfunction and Neurodegeneration (Emily Vogler, Matthew Mahavongtrakul, and Jorge Busciglio)Prion-Like Protein Seeding and the Pathobiology of Alzheimer's Disease (Lary C Walker)The Tau Misfolding Pathway to Dementia (Alejandra D Alonso, Leah S Cohen, and Viktoriya Morozova)The Biology and Pathobiology of α-Synuclein (Joel C Watts, Anurag Tandon, and Paul E Fraser)Impact of Loss of Proteostasis on Central Nervous System Disorders (Sentiljana Gumeni, Eleni N Tsakiri, Christina-Maria Cheimonidi, Zoi Evangelakou, Despoina Gianniou, Kostantinos Tallas, Eleni-Dimitra Papanagnou, Aimilia D Sklirou, and Ioannis P Trougakos)Protein Misfolding and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Giovanni Manfredi and Hibiki Kawamata)Impact of Mitostasis and the Role of the Anti-Oxidant Responses on Central Nervous System Disorders (Sentiljana Gumeni, Eleni N Tsakiri, Christina-Maria Cheimonidi, Zoi Evangelakou, Despoina Gianniou, Kostantinos Tallas, Eleni-Dimitra Papanagnou, Aimilia D Sklirou, and Ioannis P Trougakos)Propagation of Misfolded Proteins in Neurodegeneration: Insights and Cautions from the Study of Prion Disease Prototypes (Robert C C Mercer, Nathalie Daude,

Genotype Proteotype Phenotype Relationships in Neurodegenerative Diseases

Genotype   Proteotype   Phenotype Relationships in Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : J. Cummings,J. Hardy,M. Poncet
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 3540265228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Recent advances in understanding the role of protein dysmetabolism in neurodegeneration was the theme of the Fondation IPSEN meeting addressing Genotype-Proteotype-Phenotype relationships. Experts from international laboratories contributed to the current volume to produce a comprehensive overview of the role of protein misfolding in neurodegeneration. Links between genotype and protein characteristics and between proteotype and clinical phenomenology were discussed across diseases categories. Progress in understanding the role of abnormalities of protein metabolism may lead to the identification of biological markers relevant to disease monitoring and to the development of new therapeutic agents capable of modifying and ameliorating basic neurodegenerative mechanisms.

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease

Chemical Modulators of Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Disease Book
Author : Pierfausto Seneci
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-01-14
ISBN : 012801959X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book is a neurochemistry-based companion for Protein Misfolding and Neurodegenerative Diseases: Molecular Targets, an Elsevier title by the same author publishing in December 2014. While the first book focuses on biology and molecular targets, this companion book describes how these targets are regulated by small molecules and disease-modifying compounds. The book begins with a brief introduction to how key proteins become dysfunctional, and each subsequent chapter describes major disease mechanisms in Alzheimer’s and other tauopathies. Properties and development status of these molecular targets and disease mechanisms are thoroughly described, as are small molecule effectors of autophagy and dis-aggregating agents. Written to provide comprehensive coverage of neurodegenerative disease-modifying compounds Provides discipline-specific chapters that cover medicinal chemistry and clinical applications Provides an overview of more than 200 chemical classes and lead compounds, acting on selected molecular targets that are of relevance to any neurodegenerative disorder Coverage of misfolding diseases, chaperone proteins, ubiquitination and autophagy/oncology makes this book suitable for structural neurochemists, chemists, biologists, non-CNS scientists, and scientists interested in drug discovery

Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neuroprotection

Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain  Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neuroprotection Book
Author : Alexzander A.A. Asea,Ian R. Brown
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-06
ISBN : 9781402082313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

With the prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases on the rise as average life expectancy increases, the hunt for effective treatments and preventive measures for these disorders is a pressing challenge. Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been termed ‘protein misfolding disorders’ that are char- terized by the neural accumulation of protein aggregates. Manipulation of the cellular stress response involving the induction of heat shock proteins offers a the- peutic strategy to counter conformational changes in neural proteins that trigger pathogenic cascades resulting in neurodegenerative diseases. Heat shock proteins are protein repair agents that provide a line of defense against misfolded, aggregati- prone proteins. Heat Shock Proteins and the Brain: Implications for Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neuroprotection reviews current progress on neural heat shock proteins (HSP) in relation to neurodegenerative diseases (Part I), neuroprotection (Part II), ext- cellular HSP (Part III) and aging and control of life span (Part IV). Key basic and clinical research laboratories from major universities and hospitals around the world contribute chapters that review present research activity and importantly project the field into the future. The book is a must read for researchers, postdoctoral fellows and graduate students in the fields of Neuroscience, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Molecular Medicine, Aging, Physiology, Pharmacology and Pathology.

Disease Modifying Targets in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Disease Modifying Targets in Neurodegenerative Disorders Book
Author : Veerle Baekelandt,Evy Lobbestael
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 012805266X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Disease-Modifying Targets in Neurodegenerative Disorders: Paving the Way for Disease-Modifying Therapies examines specific neurodegenerative disorders in comprehensive chapters written by experts in the respective fields. Each chapter contains a summary of the disease management field, subsequently elaborating on the molecular mechanisms and promising new targets for disease-modifying therapies. This overview is ideal for neuroscientists, biomedical researchers, medical doctors, and caregivers, not only providing readers with a summary of the way patients are treated today, but also offering a glance at the future of neurodegenerative disorder treatment. Provides a comprehensive overview of how key proteins in neurodegenerative disorders can be used as targets to modify disease progress Summarizes how patients are treated today, providing a glance at future disease management Includes intelligible and informative information that is perfect for non-specialists, medical practitioners, and scientists Written and peer reviewed by outstanding scientists in their respective fields

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease

The Molecular Targets and Therapeutic Uses of Curcumin in Health and Disease Book
Author : Bharat B. Aggarwal,Young-Joon Surh,S. Shishodia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-06
ISBN : 0387464018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The medicinal uses of Curcumin (also called turmeric) have been known and described for more than 5000 years. A large body of recent research suggests that curcumin is potentially useful in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, through modulation of numerous molecular targets. This is the first monograph to focus on the potential use of curcumin in the treatment of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, Alzheimer’s, psoriasis and more.

Molecular Biology of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Molecular Biology of Neurodegenerative Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-05-22
ISBN : 0123858844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Neurodegenerative diseases result in progressive degeneration and / or death of nerve cells which leads to problems with movement and mental functioning. Examples include Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s disease. Much research is taking place to try to identify ways to prevent or lessen the impact of these diseases. This volume reviews the latest research and developments in the molecular biology of neurodegenerative diseases. Contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Folding for the Synapse

Folding for the Synapse Book
Author : Andreas Wyttenbach,Vincent O'Connor
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-22
ISBN : 9781441970619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Folding for the Synapse addresses the current view on how protein folding and misfolding, controlled by molecular chaperones, contribute to synapse function and dysfunction. Molecular chaperones have been studied in relation to de novo protein folding, but there is increasing awareness that chaperone function is required for the regulation of protein dynamics when functioning physiologically as an isolated moiety or part of a protein complex. This book will introduce both important concepts of folding machineries and give examples of the biological relevance of further chaperone functions.

Bioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease

Bioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-09-11
ISBN : 0124115292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nutritional supplement research concerning brain health and neurological disease is becoming an important focus. While nutritional supplements are very popular for general health and well being, the effectiveness of common supplements and their impact on general brain health and for the treatment or prevention of neurological disease is not clearly understood. This comprehensive introduction to bioactive nutraceuticals for brain and neurological provides a foundation review for research neuroscientists, clinical neurologists, pharmacology researchers and nutrition scientists on what we know now about these supplements and the brain and where focused research is still necessary. Foundational review content covering nutrition and brain and neurological health Reviews known nutritional supplements and impact on brain and neurological health Comprehensive coverage ideal for research scientists and clinical practitioners

Neurodegeneration Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms

Neurodegeneration  Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms Book
Author : Elena Poole
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 9781632416797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The process of neurodegeneration is a progressive degeneration of neuron cells. It can be categorized into varied levels of neuronal circuitry ranging from molecular to systemic levels. Aging is the primary contributor to neurodegeneration. Neurodegenerative diseases are caused due to genetic mutations. Protein misfolding is another characteristic that is common in such conditions. Intracellular mechanisms such as protein degradation pathways, mitochondrial dysfunction, membrane damage, axonal transport, DNA damage, etc. along with programmed cell death mechanisms are other pathways of neurodegeneration. This book presents researches and studies performed by experts across the globe on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. While understanding the long-term perspectives of the topics, this book makes an effort in highlighting its impact as a modern tool for the understanding of neurodegenerative disorders. With state-of-the-art inputs by acclaimed experts of this field, this book targets students and professionals.

Imaging and Spectroscopic Analysis of Living Cells

Imaging and Spectroscopic Analysis of Living Cells Book
Author : P. Michael Conn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123918561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Going back to the dawn of light microscopy, imaging techniques have provided the opportunity for developing models of cellular function. Over the past 40 years, the availability of technology for high-resolution imaging and for evaluation of those images in live cells has extended our reach and, accordingly, our ability to understand cell function. Given the large number of choices in equipment and approaches, sorting out the best approach can be challenging, even to seasoned investigators. The present volumes provide descriptions of methods used to image living cells, with particular reference to the technical approaches and reagents needed and approaches to selecting the best techniques. The authors explain how these methods are able to provide important biological insights in normal and pathological cells. Authors were selected based on research contributions in the area about which they have written and based on their ability to describe their methodological contribution in a clear and reproducible way. They have been encouraged to make use of graphics, comparisons to other methods, and to provide tricks and approaches not revealed in prior publications that make it possible to adapt methods to other systems

Protein Misfolding

Protein Misfolding Book
Author : Rossen Donev
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-01-13
ISBN : 0128177519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Protein Misfolding, Volume 118, covers the wide spectrum of diseases and disorders that are attributed to protein misfolding, including degenerative and neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, renal, glaucoma, cancer, cystic fibrosis, Gaucher's disease, and many others. Specific chapters cover Mass spectrometric approaches for profiling protein folding and stability, Biomembranes, a key player in protein misfolding, how Genetic and environmental factors interact to disrupt proteostasis and trigger protein misfolding diseases, Formation of oligomers and large amorphous aggregates by intrinsically disordered proteins, Protein misfolding in ER stress with applications to cardiovascular and renal disease, and much more. Integrates methods for studying protein misfolding, factors that trigger this process and its role in a wide spectrum of diseases and disorders Contains timely chapters written by well-renowned authorities in their field Provides data that is well supported by a number of high quality illustrations, figures and tables, and targets a very wide audience of specialists, researchers and students

Neurodegeneration

Neurodegeneration Book
Author : Danilo Milardi,Enrico Rizzarelli
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2011-06-24
ISBN : 1849733015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Since Alois Alzheimer described the results of his postmortem studies in 1906, significant strides have been made in understanding the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Substantial evidence has accumulated indicating that diverse neurodegenerative disorders might share a common pathological mechanism: the misfolding, aggregation and accumulation of proteins (termed "amyloid") in the brain. Metal ions have long been thought to catalyze protein misfolding initiating a cascade of events resulting in oxidative damage and neurodegeneration. They have, consequently, been seen as a suitable pharmacological target. However, drugs aimed at simply removing excess metals or interfering in amyloid deposition were unsuccessful and scientists have been forced to review the classical hypothesis. The latest advances suggest that deficiencies in protein homeostasis may lead to cell dysfunction and disease. Furthermore, small molecules with the potential to control metal homeostasis, or metallostasis, are expected to provide the framework for the design of novel proteostasis regulators. This book provides an up-date on the latest developments in this fast moving field. Traditional views concerning the relationship between the physio-pathological cycles of copper, zinc, iron, aluminium and the evolution of life, are compared with emerging ideas in the neuroscience of metal ions. Topics covered emphasize the importance of metals and oxidation chemistry to neuroscientists as well as providing a wider, multidisciplinary background to chemists who are attracted by these fascinating subjects. The text starts with a chapter on chemical evolution, the brain and metallomics which describes the brain's natural defences to adverse conditions. It then goes on to cover the chemistry and biology of proteostasis, environmental factors, and the role played by membranes in protein misfolding. The remaining chapters cover the role of metals and oxidative stress in Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinsonism, ALS and other neurodegenerative diseases. The book is suitable for academics, those working in industry, and postgraduate students.