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Molecular Genetic And Nutritional Aspects Of Major And Trace Minerals

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Molecular Genetic and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals

Molecular  Genetic  and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals Book
Author : James F Collins
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-14
ISBN : 0128023767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals is a unique reference that provides a complete overview of the non-vitamin micronutrients, including calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc. In addition, the book covers the nutritional and toxicological properties of nonessential minerals chromium, fluoride and boron, and silicon and vanadium, as well as ultra-trace minerals and those with no established dietary requirement for humans. Users will find in-depth chapters on each essential mineral and mineral metabolism, along with discussions of dietary recommendations in the United States and around the world. Presents the only scientific reference to cover all of the nutritionally relevant essential major and trace minerals Provides a broad introductory chapter on each mineral to give readers valuable background and context Clarifies the cellular and molecular aspects of each mineral and its genetic and genomic aspects Includes coverage of all nutritionally relevant minerals—essential major trace minerals and ultra-trace minerals Underscores the important interactions between minerals so readers learn how metabolism of one mineral influences another

Essential Metals in Medicine Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic

Essential Metals in Medicine  Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic Book
Author : Peggy L. Carver
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-01-14
ISBN : 3110526980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume 19, entitled Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic of the series Metal Ions in Life Sciences centers on the role of metal ions in clinical medicine. Metal ions are tightly regulated in human health: while essential to life, they can be toxic as well. Following an introductory chapter briefly discussing several important metal-related drugs and diseases and a chapter about drug development, the focus is fi rst on iron: its essentiality for pathogens and humans as well as its toxicity. Chelation therapy is addressed in the context of thalassemia, its relationship to neurodegenerative diseases and also the risks connected with iron administration are pointed out. A subject of intense debate is the essentiality of chromium and vanadium. For example, chromium(III) compounds are taken as a nutritional supplement by athletes and bodybuilders; in contrast, chromate, Cr(VI), is toxic and a carcinogen for humans. The benefi cial and toxic effects of manganese, cobalt, and copper on humans are discussed. The need for antiparasitic agents is emphasized as well as the clinical aspects of metal-containing antidotes for cyanide poisoning. In addition to the essential and possibly essential ones, also other metal ions play important roles in human health, causing harm (like the metalloid arsenic, lead or cadmium) or being used in diagnosis or treatment of human diseases, like gadolinium, gallium, lithium, gold, silver or platinum. The impact of this vibrant research area on metals in the clinic is provided in 14 stimulating chapters, written by internationally recognized experts from the Americas, Europe and China, and is manifested by approximately 2000 references, and about 90 illustrations and tables. Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic is an essential resource for scientists working in the wide range from pharmacology, enzymology, material sciences, analytical, organic, and inorganic biochemistry all the way through to medicine ... not forgetting that it also provides excellent information for teaching.

The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium III

The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium III  Book
Author : John Vincent
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-18
ISBN : 044464122X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nutritional Biochemistry of Chromium(III), Second Edition, reviews the fields of chromium biochemistry and nutrition and how they have dramatically changed in the last decade. Editor John Vincent has lead much of the research that has resulted in new discoveries and reversals of previously held beliefs, such as health concerns surrounding the toxicity of chromium(III). New sections include a review of new evidence showing why chromium may not be an essential element, why national recommendations may need updating, and new data on the use of chromium supplementation in animal feeds. Discussions on the controversial topic of the role of chromium(III) at the molecular level in insulin signaling and information on cell cultures and in vitro assays of chromium toxicity are also covered. Examines all of the significant research surrounding chromium, providing discussion on both sides of controversial issues Features new evidence that shows why chromium may not be an essential element Details why national recommendations may need updating Edited by leading expert in the field of chromium, with new contributions from leaders in different aspects of chromium research

Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders

Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders Book
Author : Usman Mahmood
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-07-24
ISBN : 1789239214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides readers with all the tools needed to handle interesting clinical challenges in the field of fluid and electrolyte disorders. It aims to offer an up-to-date clinical text for medical residents, fellows, practicing physicians, and nephrologists in a simple and easy-to-understand format. It provides the right balance between basic science and practical clinical guidance. It discusses the current evidence regarding the physiology, basic fundamentals, clinical presentation, and management of these disorders and will help clinicians to handle these disorders effectively. And all chapters have been extensively revised and bound to include the latest developments in the field.

Present Knowledge in Nutrition

Present Knowledge in Nutrition Book
Author : Bernadette P. Marriott,Diane F. Birt,Virginia A. Stalling,Allison A. Yates
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 0128198427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Present Knowledge in Nutrition: Basic Nutrition and Metabolism, Eleventh Edition, provides an accessible, referenced source on the most current information in the broad field of nutrition. Now broken into two volumes and updated to reflect scientific advancements since the publication of the last edition, the book includes expanded coverage on basic nutrition, metabolism and clinical and applied topics. This volume provides coverage of macronutrients, vitamins, minerals and other dietary components and concludes with new approaches in nutrition science that apply to many, if not all, of the nutrients and dietary components presented throughout the reference. Advanced undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students in nutrition, public health, medicine and related fields will find this resource useful. In addition, professionals in academia and medicine, including clinicians, dietitians, physicians, health professionals, academics and industrial and government researchers will find the content extremely useful. The book was produced in cooperation with the International Life Sciences Institute (https://ilsi.org/). Provides an accessible source of the most current, reliable and comprehensive information in the broad field of nutrition Features new chapters on topics of emerging importance, including the microbiome, eating disorders, nutrition in extreme environments, and the role of nutrition and cognition in mental status Covers topics of clinical relevance, including the role of nutrition in cancer support, ICU nutrition, supporting patients with burns, and wasting, deconditioning and hypermetabolic conditions

Principles of Bone Biology

Principles of Bone Biology Book
Author : John P. Bilezikian,T. John Martin,Thomas L. Clemens,Clifford Rosen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-22
ISBN : 012814842X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preface from the first edition (1996): "The world of modern science is undergoing a number of spectacular events that are redefining our understanding of ourselves. As with any revolution, we should take stock of where we have been, where we are, and where we are going. Our special world of bone biology is participating in and taking advantage of the larger global revolution in modern science... we assembled experts from all over the world and asked them to focus on the current state of knowledge and the prospects for new knowledge in their area of expertise. To this end, Principles of Bone Biology was conceived." - John P. Bilezikian, Lawrence G. Raisz, Gideon A. Rodan Praise for the previous edition: "Students, teachers, and practitioners will benefit from reading it, and investigators will use it as a reference work; it will certainly be consulted frequently." --The New England Journal of Medicine For over two decades, "Big Gray" has been the go-to repository of knowledge in the disciplines related to bone and mineral metabolism. The fourth edition is a must-have for students new to the field; young investigators at the graduate or postgraduate level beginning their research careers; established scientists who need to keep up with the changing nature of the field, looking to enrich their own research programs, or who are changing their career direction; clinicians who want ready access to up-to-date relevant basic science. This new edition builds on the successful formula from previous editions, taking the reader from the basic elements of fundamental research to the most sophisticated concepts in therapeutics. Principles of Bone Biology, Fourth Edition provides the most comprehensive, authoritative reference on the study of bone biology and related diseases. Bone research continues to generate enormous attention, due to the broad public health implications of osteoporosis and related bone disorders. This classic, fully updated, two volume reference is designed for anyone involved in the study of bone biology. Provides a "one-stop" shopping paradise. Anything you want to find about bone biology is here and written by the world’s experts THE essential resource for anyone involved in the study of the skeleton and metabolic bone diseases Covers everything from the basic scientific concepts to the underlying principles of therapeutics and management Allows readers to easily search and locate information quickly in the online format Volumes include: Basic Principles; Molecular Mechanisms of Metabolic Bone Disease; Pharmacological Mechanisms of Therapeutics; Methods in Bone Research

Immunity Boosting Functional Foods to Combat COVID 19

Immunity Boosting Functional Foods to Combat COVID 19 Book
Author : Apurba Giri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-18
ISBN : 1000486036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, several functional foods or food ingredients, their mechanism of immune enhancing properties and use in food products have been discussed through seventeen chapters written by eminent authors. There are several medicinal plants which have significant role for immunity boosting such as Ashwagandha, Tulsi, Shatavari, Giloy, Aloe vera, Amla, Neem, licorice, garlic, ginger, turmeric, rosemary, black cumin, cinnamon, sage, thyme,fenugreek, peppermint, black pepper, clove etc. These have been discussed in detail. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Zinc Signaling

Zinc Signaling Book
Author : Toshiyuki Fukada,Taiho Kambe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-18
ISBN : 9811505578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, now in an extensively revised second edition, describes the crucial role of zinc signaling in biological processes on a molecular and physiological basis. Global leaders in the field review the latest knowledge, including the very significant advances in understanding that have been achieved since publication of the first edition. Detailed information is provided on all the essentials of zinc signaling, covering molecular aspects and the roles of zinc transporters, the zinc sensing receptor, and metallothioneins. Detection techniques for zinc signals, involving genetically encoded and chemical probes, are also described. The critical contributions of the zinc signal in maintaining health and the adverse consequences of any imbalance in the signal are then thoroughly addressed. Here, readers will find up-to-date information on the significance of the zinc signal in a wide range of conditions, including cardiovascular disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, inflammatory conditions, skin disease, osteoarthritis, and cancer. The book will be of value for researchers, clinicians, and advanced students.

Pollution of Water Bodies in Latin America

Pollution of Water Bodies in Latin America Book
Author : Leobardo Manuel Gómez-Oliván
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-20
ISBN : 3030272966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The indiscriminate use of chemical substances in industrial processes and anthropogenic activities, have resulted in the release of these compounds into aquatic ecosystems through municipal, hospital and industrial discharges, producing various undesired effects on the environment and on species of ecological interest. These compounds, such as metals, pesticides, emerging pollutants and other substances are persistent and susceptible to biotic and/or abiotic transformations, yielding metabolites that can be more toxic than the original compounds. In this book, researchers from diverse environmental science disciplines share their experiences in countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico, and critically examine the problem of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems in Latin America, as well as the risks presented by their presence.

IMDC SDSP 2020

IMDC SDSP 2020 Book
Author : Raed Abd-Alhameed,Rana Zubo,Obed Ali
Publisher : European Alliance for Innovation
Release : 2020-09-09
ISBN : 163190261X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IMDC-SDSP conference offers an exceptional platform and opportunity for practitioners, industry experts, technocrats, academics, information scientists, innovators, postgraduate students, and research scholars to share their experiences for the advancement of knowledge and obtain critical feedback on their work. The timing of this conference coincides with the rise of Big Data, Artificial Intelligence powered applications, Cognitive Communications, Green Energy, Adaptive Control and Mobile Robotics towards maintaining the Sustainable Development and Smart Planning and management of the future technologies. It is aimed at the knowledge generated from the integration of the different data sources related to a number of active real-time applications in supporting the smart planning and enhance and sustain a healthy environment. The conference also covers the rise of the digital health, well-being, home care, and patient-centred era for the benefit of patients and healthcare providers; in addition to how supporting the development of a platform of smart Dynamic Health Systems and self-management.

Groundwater Geochemistry

Groundwater Geochemistry Book
Author : Sughosh Madhav,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 1119709695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains both practical and theoretical aspects of groundwater resources relating to geochemistry. Focusing on recent research in groundwater resources, this book helps readers to understand the hydrogeochemistry of groundwater resources. Dealing primarily with the sources of ions in groundwater, the book describes geogenic and anthropogenic input of ions into water. Different organic, inorganic and emerging contamination and salinity problems are described, along with pollution-related issues affecting groundwater. New trends in groundwater contamination remediation measures are included, which will be particularly useful to researchers working in the field of water conservation. The book also contains diverse groundwater modelling examples, enabling a better understanding of water-related issues and their management. Groundwater Geochemistry: Pollution and Remediation offers the reader: An understanding of the quantitative and qualitative challenges of groundwater resources An introduction to the environmental geochemistry of groundwater resources A survey of groundwater pollution-related issues Recent trends in groundwater conservation and remediation Mathematical and statistical modeling related to groundwater resources Students, lecturers and researchers working in the fields of hydrogeochemistry, water pollution and groundwater will find Groundwater Geochemistry an essential companion.

Hemochromatosis related Syndromes

Hemochromatosis   related Syndromes Book
Author : Thomas Berg
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-01-06
ISBN : 3748152353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the rare diseases, hemochromatosis and H63D syndrome are some of the better known. And yet they are often diagnosed far too late. This is due to a fundamental problem: many people, doctors and patients alike, are unaware of the diversity of these diseases and their varying symptomatic manifestations. This short and compact e-book will provide answers to many questions despite its brevity, and maybe help to save your health.

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract Book
Author : Hamid M. Said
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-03-08
ISBN : 0128124261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Sixth Edition, a Two-Volume set, covers the study of the mechanical, physical and biochemical functions of the GI Tract by linking clinical disease and disorder, thus bridging the gap between clinical and laboratory medicine while also covering breakthroughs in gastroenterology, such as the brain-gut axis and microbiome. Additionally, information is provided at the organism level, including animal models of gastrointestinal disorders and therapeutic possibilities. The book covers a wide range of conditions, from food allergies, constipation, chronic liver disease and IBS, also exploring emerging techniques to diagnose and normalize functions of the GI tract. As a highly referenced book, this is a useful resource for gastroenterologists, physiologists, internists, professional researchers and instructors teaching courses for clinical and research students. Discusses the multiple processes governing gastrointestinal function Presents new information on the brain-gut axis and microbiome Edited by preeminent scientists in the field Includes coverage of issues, such as food allergies, constipation, chronic liver disease, IBS, Crohn's disease, and more

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging Book
Author : Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-15
ISBN : 0128018275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels

Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels Book
Author : Kirk L. Hamilton
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 3030554546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels book written by Kirk L. Hamilton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dental Caries

Dental Caries Book
Author : Efka Zabokova Bilbilova
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 1839681144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dental caries are of vital concern to all dentists. Their management is central to daily work in dental offices because cavities are ubiquitous in all populations, lesion development is lifelong, and caries are the most common cause of tooth loss. This book provides information on the etiology, prevention, and treatment of tooth decay. Chapters cover such topics as dental biofilms, dietary factors, the association of Candida with early colonization of cariogenic microorganisms, oral diseases, the use of fluoride, and dental caries in disabled children. The information presented herein is useful for dental students as well as researchers and dental practitioners.

Mitochondria in Renal Health and Disease

Mitochondria in Renal Health and Disease Book
Author : Egor Plotnikov,Giuliano Ciarimboli
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 2889714047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mitochondria in Renal Health and Disease book written by Egor Plotnikov,Giuliano Ciarimboli, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Nutrition Molecular Biology and Genetics

Plant Nutrition     Molecular Biology and Genetics Book
Author : G. Gissel-Nielsen,A. Jensen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 940172685X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sixth International Symposium on Genetics and Molecular Biology of Plant Nutriti9n was held in Elsinore, Denmark from August 17-21, 1998 and organised by th RiS0 National Laboratory in the year of its 40 anniversary. The 98 participants represented 23 countries and 80 scientific contributions with 43 oral and 37 poster presentations. The symposium addressed the molecular mechanisms, physiology and genetic regulation of plant nutrition. The Symposium brought together scientists from a range of different disciplines to exchange information and ideas on the molecular biology of mineral nutrition of plants. The symposium emphasised: • Bridging the gab between molecular biology, applied genetics, plant nutrition and plant breeding. • The development of methodologies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of nutrition of plants • Quality of plant products. With sessions on: Nitrogen; Phosphorous; Micronutrients; Symbiosis; Membranes; Stress; Heavy Metals and Plant Breeding. In comparison with the previous conferences in this series more emphasis was placed on use of molecular techniques to clarify physiological mechanisms and processes, gene expression and regulation, as well as genetic marker assisted analysis. Significant of molecular genetic markers and other progress was reported in exploitation biotechnologies in breeding programmes.

Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat

Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat Book
Author : Meiliang Zhou,Ivan Kreft,Sun-Hee Woo,Nikhil Chrungoo,Gunilla Wieslander
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-02
ISBN : 0128037148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Breeding and Nutritional Aspects of Buckwheat describes the general characterization and genetic diversity of buckwheat (family Polygonaceae, genus Fagopyrum) around the globe (especially in Russia, China, India, and Eastern Europe), the arid and cool regions where it is most frequently consumed, and nutritional information on a variety of buckwheat uses, including tea, groats, flour, and noodles. With detailed information on buckwheat regeneration, genetic transformation, gene function analysis, and the metabolic engineering of bioactive compounds, the book guides readers through a variety of buckwheat varietal adaptations, providing foundation information on which additional research should be conducted. It is divided into four parts, including genetic resource and phylogenetic relationship, food nutrition, growth and cultivation, and molecular breeding, with each section providing insights into the most current developments. Addresses all aspects of buckwheat research, including genetic resources, biological nutrition, genetic transformation, and molecular breeding Presents global characterization on the genetic resource of Fagopyrum, giving researchers insights that will help them breed new cultivars Explores the bioactivity of buckwheat Includes detailed information on the environmental factors that affect the growth and production of buckwheat

Trace Elements as Contaminants and Nutrients

Trace Elements as Contaminants and Nutrients Book
Author : M. N. V. Prasad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-08-20
ISBN : 0470355093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Access state-of-the-art research about trace element contamination and its impact on human health in Trace Elements as Contaminants and Nutrients: Consequences in Ecosystems and Human Health. In this ground-breaking guide, find exhaustive evidence of trace element contamination in the environment with topics like the functions and essentiality of trace metals, bioavailability and uptake biochemistry, membrane biochemistry and transport mechanisms, and enzymology. Find case studies that will reinforce the fundamentals of mineral nutrition in plants and animals and current information about fortified foods and nutrient deficiencies.