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Molecular Characterization Of Polymers

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Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Molecular Characterization and Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : John M. Chalmers,Robert J. Meier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-12-09
ISBN : 9780080932040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by expert contributors from the academic and industrial sectors, this book presents traditional and modern approaches to polymer characterization and analysis. The emphasis is on pragmatics, problem solving and property determination; real-world applications provide a context for key concepts. The characterizations focus on organic polymer and polymer product microstructure and composition. Approaches molecular characterization and analysis of polymers from the viewpoint of problem-solving and polymer property characterization, rather than from a technique championing approach Focuses on providing a means to ascertaining the optimum approach or technique(s) to solve a problem/measure a property, and thereby develop an analytical competence in the molecular characterization and analysis of real-world polymer products Provides background on polymer chemistry and microstructure, discussions of polymer chain, morphology, degradation, and product failure and additive analysis, and considers the supporting roles of modeling and high-throughput analysis

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : Arza Seidel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-08
ISBN : 0470233001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on Wiley′s renowned Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, this book provides coverage of key methods of characterization of the physical and chemical properties of polymers, including atomic force microscopy, chromatographic methods, laser light scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, and thermal analysis, among others. Written by prominent scholars from around the world, this reference presents over twenty–five self –contained articles on the most used analytical techniques currently practiced in polymer science.

Polymer Characterization

Polymer Characterization Book
Author : Dan Campbell,Richard A. Pethrick,Jim R. White
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-09-28
ISBN : 9780748740055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discerning the properties of polymers and polymer-based materials requires a good understanding of characterization. This revised and updated text provides a comprehensive survey of characterization methods within its simple, concise chapters. Polymer Characterization: Physical Techniques, provides an overview of a wide variety of characterization methods, which makes it an excellent textbook and reference. It starts with a description of basic polymer science, providing a solid foundation from which to understand the key physical characterization techniques. The authors explain physical principles without heavy theory and give special emphasis to the application of the techniques to polymers, with plenty of illustrations. Topics covered include molecular weight determination, molecular and structural characterization by spectroscopic techniques, morphology and structural characterization by microscopy and diffraction, and thermal analysis. This edition contains a new chapter on surface analysis as well as some revised problems and solutions. The concise treatment of each topic offers even those with little prior knowledge of the subject an accessible source to relevant, simple descriptions in a well-organized format.

Polymer Characterisation

Polymer Characterisation Book
Author : B.J. Hunt,M.I. James
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401121605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers continue to play an ever increasing role in the modern world. In fact it is quite inconceivable to most people that we could ever have existed of the increased volume and variety of materials without them. As a result currently available, and the diversity of their application, characterisation has become an essential requirement of industrial and academic laboratories in volved with polymeric materials. On the one hand requirements may come from polymer specialists involved in the design and synthesis of new materials who require a detailed understanding of the relationship between the precise molecular architecture and the properties of the polymer in order to improve its capabilities and range of applications. On the other hand, many analysts who are not polymer specialists are faced with the problems of analysing and testing a wide range of polymeric materials for quality control or material specification purposes. We hope this book will be a useful reference for all scientists and techno or industrial laboratories, logists involved with polymers, whether in academic and irrespective of their scientific discipline. We have attempted to include in one volume all of the most important techniques. Obviously it is not possible to do this in any great depth but we have encouraged the use of specific examples to illustrate the range of possibilities. In addition numerous references are given to more detailed texts on specific subjects, to direct the reader where appropriate. The book is divided into II chapters.

Polymer Characterization

Polymer Characterization Book
Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1996-12-31
ISBN : 0815518692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an overview of polymer characterization test methods. The methods and instrumentation described represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing. Engineers, polymer scientists and technicians will find this volume useful in selecting approaches and techniques applicable to characterizing molecular, compositional, rheological, and thermodynamic properties of elastomers and plastics.

Characterization of Polymers

Characterization of Polymers Book
Author : Ned J. Chou
Publisher :
Release : 2010
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are organic, often complex molecular compounds used as the building blocks for plastics, elastomers and various types of synthetic engineered materials. Polymer scientists and chemists are not always familiar with the characterization methods best used for polymeric materials. And knowing what characterization technology works best can make a huge difference in getting an accurate understanding of internal and surface microstructure and ultimately desired properties for the myriads of polymer applications in use today. Useful case studies help to better illustrate the common types of problems and challenges when characterizing polymers. Review of basic polymer structures and synthesis routes, as well as chemical composition Characterization techniques appropriate for morphology of surfaces, interfaces and thin films Useful background on polymer surface thermodynamics, as well as adhesion properties and polymer-polymer interfaces properties and characterization techniques

Molecular Weight Characterisation of Synthetic Polymers

Molecular Weight Characterisation of Synthetic Polymers Book
Author : S. R. Holding,E. Meehan
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9781859570524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The report comprises a state-of-the-art overview of the subject of molecular c099 characterisation, supported by an extensive, indexed bibliography. The current methodology for GPC is described along with its use in combination with other techniques such as light scattering and viscosity c094. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Edith Turi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Characterization of Polymeric Materials is a critical review and a concise evaluation of the application of thermal analysis in polymer science and engineering. This book is divided into nine chapters that specifically tackle the instrumentation, theory, and a wide variety of applications of thermal characterization. The introductory chapters provide an overview of all aspects of thermal analytical methods and apparatus and the theory underlying the basic principles of thermal analysis. These chapters also examine the theories and functions of state for thermometry, dilatometry, thermomechanical analysis, calorimetry, thermogravimetry. These topics are followed by a discussion on single-component and multicomponent systems and their phase transitions, as influenced by concentration, pressure, deformation, molecular weight, and copolymerization. The subsequent chapters explore the influence of important chemical and physical parameters on the glass transition, crystallization, and melting of thermoplastic materials. The discussion then shifts to the theoretical aspects of polymer-polymer compatibility, phase separation, and miscibility in mixed polymer systems. This book further considers the thermal analysis in thermosets, elastomers, and fibers. The concluding chapters present the methods of obtaining information on the relative flammability properties of polymers, for screening fire retardant additives, and for studying the mechanism of flame inhibition. These chapters also look into the thermal analysis of antioxidants, stabilizers, lubricants, plasticizers, impact modifiers, and fire retardants. Polymer scientists and researchers will find this book invaluable.

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces

Molecular Characterization of Composite Interfaces Book
Author : Hatsuo Ishida,Ganesh Kumar
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489922512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an extended version of the proceedings of the Symposium on Polymer Composites, Interfaces, which was held under the auspices of the Division of Polymer Chemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) during the annual ACS meeting in Seattle, March, 1983. The importance of the interface in composite materials has been recognized since the inception of modern composite technology. Specifically, silane coupling agents were developed for glass fiber reinforced compOSites at a very early date. Ever since then the diversity of composite materials and the development of various surface treatment methods have led to the establishment of an "interface art." A trial-and-error approach has dominated the interfacial aspects of composite technology until very recently. With the advent of modern analytical techniques for surface characterization, it became possible to study detailed surface and interface structures. It was hoped that this symposium would catalyze such a fundamental and scientific approach in composite studies. For this reason, the symposium was structured to verify the influence of interfacial structures on the mechanical and physical performance of composites and to improve our knowledge of the microstructure of composite interfaces. As the word ·composite" indicates, interdisciplinary interaction is indispensable for proper understanding of multiphase systems.

Liquid Chromatography of Polymers and Related Materials II

Liquid Chromatography of Polymers and Related Materials  II Book
Author : Jack Cazes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1980-06-01
ISBN : 9780824769857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers a range of topics of interest to those involved in the fractionation and characterization of polymeric substances. It deals with problems that are encountered in modern gel permeation chromatography with dual detection when calculating average molecular weights.

Characterization of Polymer Blends

Characterization of Polymer Blends Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,P. Jyotishkumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-09
ISBN : 3527331530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 0309049989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Polymer Characterization Physical Techniques

Polymer Characterization   Physical Techniques Book
Author : J. R. White
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-05-25
ISBN : 9780412271700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text deals with the key physical techniques that determine the characteristics that lead to the vast range of properties associated with polymers and polymer-based materials. It provides an introduction to the physical principles behind the techniques, without becoming deeply theoretical. Topics covered include molecular weight determination, molecular and structural characterization by spectroscopic techniques, morphology and structural characterization by microscopy, and thermal analysis. Although the text is aimed primarily at the undergraduate level, it will also be of value to industrial scientists and technologists who require details of polymer characterization and its techniques.

Polymer Analysis

Polymer Analysis Book
Author : Barbara H. Stuart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2002-03-12
ISBN : 9780471813637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the techniques used for the analysis of polymers. It covers the main aspects of polymer science and technology; identification, polymerization, molecular weight, structure, surface properties, degradation and mechanical properties. * Clear explanations of each analytical technique * Describes the application of techniques to the study of polymers * Encourages learning through numerous self-assessment questions and answers * Structured for flexible learning

Modern Methods of Polymer Characterization

Modern Methods of Polymer Characterization Book
Author : Howard G. Barth,Jimmy W. Mays
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1991-08-27
ISBN : 9780471828143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents the methods used for characterization of polymers. In addition to theory and basic principles, the instrumentation and apparatus necessary for methods used to study the kinetic and thermodynamic interactions of a polymer with its environment are covered in detail. Some of the methods examined include polymer separations and characterization by size exclusion and high performance chromatography, inverse gas chromatography, osmometry, viscometry, ultracentrifugation, light scattering and spectroscopy.

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-08-07
ISBN : 3527331484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives

Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives Book
Author : Kenji Kamide
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-08-31
ISBN : 9780080454443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many highly acclaimed and authoritative books on polymer science tend to focus on synthetic polymers. Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives is the first authoritative book on the subject. It examines recent developments, with particular reference to cellulose (in aqueous alkali) and cellulose acetate. Packed with examples, the author takes an in-depth look at the topic, using the most reliable experimental data available. A comprehensive approach to the fundamental principles of cellulose and its derivatives in solution makes Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives ideal reading for novices as well as experienced cellulose scientists. * Outlines the theoretical fundamentals of cellulose and cellulose derivatives * Presents comprehensive and reliable experimental results in figures and tables * Highly illustrated and easy to read