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Moisture And Building Interactions

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Moisture and Buildings

Moisture and Buildings Book
Author : Arianna Brambilla,Alberto Sangiorgio
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0128210982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One in three homes, on average, suffer from excessive dampness and mould proliferation, with significant health and economic impacts. The combination of new construction methodologies, stricter airtightness requirements and the changing social and cultural context that influences the way we live inside buildings has created unprecedented challenges for the built environment. In modifying indoor and outdoor environments and the building envelopes that serve as a filter between the two, we are changing the physical parameters of the ways in which buildings behave and respond to climatic stimuli. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact should be an important step in the design process, aiming to minimise possible negative long-term consequences. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact is, today more than ever, essential yet difficult, as the experience of the past has lost its applicability. Moisture-related issues never have a simple solution, since they involve multiple factors, including design, construction, maintenance, materials, climate and occupation pattern. Thus, while the topic is attracting growing attention among researchers, designers and practitioners, the pace with which actual change is occurring is still too slow. Moisture and Buildings provides a critical overview of current research, knowledge and policy frameworks, and presents a comprehensive analysis of the implications of moisture and the importance of accounting for it during the design process. It responds to the urgent need for a systematic organization of the existing knowledge to identify research gaps and provide directions for future developments. The ultimate goal is to increase awareness of the multifaceted implications of hygrothermal phenomena and promote integrated design processes that lead to healthier and more durable constructions. Presents advanced knowledge on hygrothermal processes and their interaction with buildings Integrates the three key areas of moisture transport and its impact on buildings, including durability, human health and comfort Considers the most useful computational tools for assessing moisture and building interactions Includes a section on the main European, American and Australian building codes Explains the risks of mold growth to human health, including growth models to assessment methods

Moisture control in buildings

Moisture control in buildings Book
Author : Heinz R. Trechsel
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Moisture control in buildings book written by Heinz R. Trechsel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbiomes of the Built Environment

Microbiomes of the Built Environment Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Health and Medicine Division,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Microbiomes of the Built Environment: From Research to Application
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-11-06
ISBN : 0309449804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

People's desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of "healthy" indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environmentsâ€"such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materialsâ€"in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions.

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings Book
Author : Brownell, Blaine Erickson
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 1799824284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental environmental challenges such as climate change, resource depletion, and pollution are still widely relevant in today’s world. Many of these problems have been associated with the architecture, engineering, and construction industries due to the level of resources used in these professions. In recent years, many manufacturers in these fields have expressed the motivation to make necessary changes that would be beneficial to the environment. Despite this progress, there remains a lack of research and assessment on the methods to achieve environmental stability within these architectural fields. Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of ecological performance within modern building design and materials-based construction. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as life cycle assessment, material flows analysis, and sustainability, this book is ideally designed for architects, civil engineers, construction professionals, environmentalists, ecologists, business practitioners, scientists, policymakers, designers, researchers, and academicians seeking research on current trends in environmental performance within building design.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture Volume I Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume II

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture   Volume II Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings Book
Author : Mark T. Bomberg,Joseph W. Lstiburek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1351415018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spray Polyurethane Foams in External Envelopes of Buildings presents, for the first time, a book focused on both the theoretical and practical design and applications of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) use. To review the moisture performance of SPF, this book focuses on the design of an assembly where moisture is kept from accumulating and causing deterioration (flow through approach). In this approach, Spray Polyurethane Foam presents two unique parts of theory and practice of various SPF products. FROM THE PREFACE Part 1 of this monograph analyzes SPF performance as the material (product). Being field fabricated, installation of SPF products must include a quality assurance program . . . Laboratory evaluation of foams and their coverings, quality management issues, and quantification of the technical support provided to the SPF contractor are also reviewed. Part 2 presents a systems approach to construction. Starting with principles of environmental control of buildings, different aspects of design and performance of roofing and wall systems are reviewed. Details and design recommendations . . . as well as case studies . . . are included.

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation

Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation Book
Author : Jan L.M. Hensen,Roberto Lamberts
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-09-10
ISBN : 1134026358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Effective building performance simulation can reduce the environmental impact of the built environment, improve indoor quality and productivity, and facilitate future innovation and technological progress in construction. It draws on many disciplines, including physics, mathematics, material science, biophysics and human behavioural, environmental and computational sciences. The discipline itself is continuously evolving and maturing, and improvements in model robustness and fidelity are constantly being made. This has sparked a new agenda focusing on the effectiveness of simulation in building life-cycle processes. Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation begins with an introduction to the concepts of performance indicators and targets, followed by a discussion on the role of building simulation in performance-based building design and operation. This sets the ground for in-depth discussion of performance prediction for energy demand, indoor environmental quality (including thermal, visual, indoor air quality and moisture phenomena), HVAC and renewable system performance, urban level modelling, building operational optimization and automation. Produced in cooperation with the International Building Performance Simulation Association (IBPSA), and featuring contributions from fourteen internationally recognised experts in this field, this book provides a unique and comprehensive overview of building performance simulation for the complete building life-cycle from conception to demolition. It is primarily intended for advanced students in building services engineering, and in architectural, environmental or mechanical engineering; and will be useful for building and systems designers and operators.

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems Book
Author : Heinz R. Trechsel
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0803112548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems book written by Heinz R. Trechsel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Computer Interaction Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Human Computer Interaction  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-10-02
ISBN : 1466687908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As modern technologies continue to develop and evolve, the ability of users to interface with new systems becomes a paramount concern. Research into new ways for humans to make use of advanced computers and other such technologies is necessary to fully realize the potential of 21st century tools. Human-Computer Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications gathers research on user interfaces for advanced technologies and how these interfaces can facilitate new developments in the fields of robotics, assistive technologies, and computational intelligence. This four-volume reference contains cutting-edge research for computer scientists; faculty and students of robotics, digital science, and networked communications; and clinicians invested in assistive technologies. This seminal reference work includes chapters on topics pertaining to system usability, interactive design, mobile interfaces, virtual worlds, and more.

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings Book
Author : Walter T. Grondzik,Alison G. Kwok
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-10
ISBN : 1119492645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The definitive guide to the design of environmental control systems for buildings—now updated in its 13th Edition Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings is the most widely used text on the design of environmental control systems for buildings—helping students of architecture, architectural engineering, and construction understand what they need to know about building systems and controlling a building's environment. With over 2,200 drawings and photographs, this 13th Edition covers basic theory, preliminary building design guidelines, and detailed design procedure for buildings of all sizes. It also provides information on the latest technologies, emerging design trends, and updated codes. Presented in nine parts, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, Thirteenth Edition offers readers comprehensive coverage of: environmental resources; air quality; thermal, visual, and acoustic comfort; passive heating and cooling; water design and supply; daylighting and electric lighting; liquid and solid waste; and building noise control. This book also presents the latest information on fire protection, electrical systems; and elevator and escalator systems. This Thirteenth Edition features: Over 2,200 illustrations, with 200 new photographs and illustrations All-new coverage of high-performance building design Thoroughly revised references to codes and standards: ASHRAE, IES, USGBC (LEED), Living Building Challenge, WELL Building Standard, and more Updated offering of best-in-class ancillary materials for students and instructors available via the book’s companion website Architect Registration Examination® (ARE®) style study questions available in the instructor’s manual and student guide Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, has been the industry standard reference that comprehensively covers all aspects of building systems for over 80 years. This Thirteenth Edition has evolved to reflect the ever-growing complexities of building design, and has maintained its relevance by allowing for the conversation to include ”why” as well as “how to.”

Water road Interaction Technology Series

Water road Interaction Technology Series Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water road Interaction Technology Series book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering Book
Author : Paul Fazio,Hua Ge,Jiwu Rao,Guylaine Desmarais
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000116204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques Book
Author : João M.P.Q. Delgado
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-22
ISBN : 9811004668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of recent research on building diagnosis techniques related to construction pathology, hygrothermal behavior and durability, and diagnostic techniques. It highlights recent advances and new developments in the field of building physics, building anomalies in materials and components, new techniques for improved energy efficiency analysis, and diagnosis techniques such as infrared thermography. This book will be of interest to a wide readership of professionals, scientists, students, practitioners, and lecturers.

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates Book
Author : Odom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-01-31
ISBN : 9780824709006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Section 1: Key Issues Section 2: Schematic DesignSection 3: Design DevelopmentSection 4: Final DesignSection 5: ConstructionSection 6: Post-Construction Startup and System CommissioningSection 7: Works Cited

Moisture Control Handbook

Moisture Control Handbook Book
Author : Joseph W. Lstiburek,John Carmody
Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference applies up-to-date moisture control and treatment techniques in a problem/solution format. Opening with an introductory explanation of the nature and causes of mold, mildew, and condensation, the volume gives specific advice on heated, cooled, and combination environments, plus a short course in the dynamics of moisture movement within buildings. Includes case studies and recommended practices for all US climates. For building contractors, architects, mechanical engineers, building product manufacturers, homeowners, and small commercial building owners. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Water Rock Interaction XIII

Water Rock Interaction XIII Book
Author : Peter Birkle,Ignacio Salvador Torres Alvarado
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 1439862990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the late 18th century, Neptunists and Plutonists had controversial opinions about the formation of the Earth and its lithological units. The former believed that rocks formed from the crystallization of minerals in the early Earth’s oceans, the latter believed that rocks were formed in fire. Both theories ignored the importance of continuous water-rock interaction processes at Earth ́s surface and underground, which can enhance and define the type of volcanic activity, can cause the formation of secondary hydrothermal minerals and respective ore deposits, or simply alter the natural landscape by weathering. Although not visible at first glance, water-rock interaction plays a significant role in the daily life of humans. Many primary necessities of modern society, such as the availability of high-quality drinking water, the supply of fossil fuel and renewable energy types, the abundance of precious minerals, the remediation of contaminated natural sites, and the reconnaissance of geological hazards require a profound understanding of physicochemical processes interacting between liquid, solid and gas phases. Since 1974, when the first Water-Rock Interaction Symposia (WRI-1) was held in Prague (Czechoslovakia, now the Czech Republic), the Working Group on Water-Rock Interaction of the International Association of GeoChemistry (IAGC) has organized an international meeting every three years to present and discuss the most recent results in geochemical technologies. In 2010, WRI-13 attracted about 300 geoscientists affiliated with universities, research institutions, regulatory agencies and from private industry, from 35 countries to Guanajuato, Mexico. The 231 papers published in this volume describe novel advances in research related to interactive processes between the hydrosphere and the lithosphere. Innovative field-based studies, theoretical approaches and small-scale lab experiments are applied to reconstruct and combine pieces of the complex hydrological puzzle, and to confront society ́s impact on the environment. The papers reveal details on high-temperature reactions during the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits and geothermal reservoirs, practical case studies on groundwater quality and karst systems, environmental issues by mine tailings, novel technologies for the attenuation and remediation of contaminated sites, water/mineral interfacial processes on a micro- to macroscopic scale, the kinetics of weathering during low temperature conditions, examples for the advanced modeling of flow and transport processes as well as for CO2 reservoir injection, biochemical factors in surface and underground media, and the application of novel isotope techniques in rock/water/gas systems. Special emphasis in many papers is given on environmental concerns in abandoned mining districts, the occurrence and hazards of non-metals (especially arsenic) in exploited groundwater systems, and an increasing interest in mitigating CO2 emission by its injection into underground reservoirs. The papers in this volume are of wide-ranging interest to professionals and students in Earth sciences, including geochemistry, hydrochemistry, hydrology, geology, mineralogy, volcanology and environmental sciences, but also to decision-makers and engineers involved in the management of energy and natural resources, as well as professionals concerned about environmental issues.

Recognition Evaluation and Control of Indoor Mold

Recognition  Evaluation  and Control of Indoor Mold Book
Author : Bradley Prezant,Donald M. Weekes,J. David Miller
Publisher : AIHA
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1931504911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Recognition Evaluation and Control of Indoor Mold book written by Bradley Prezant,Donald M. Weekes,J. David Miller, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Water Resilience for Human Prosperity

Water Resilience for Human Prosperity Book
Author : Johan Rockström,Malin Falkenmark,Carl Folke,Jennie Barron,Mats Lannerstad
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-03-27
ISBN : 1107024196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A new approach to water-resources for researchers, professionals and graduate students, focusing on global sustainability and socio-ecological resilience to change.

Building Failures

Building Failures Book
Author : W.H. Ransom
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2002-11-01
ISBN : 1135920796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years building failures and the resulting lawsuits and awards for damages have frequently been in the news. The biggest headlines may have been reserved for structural failures and complete collapses, but we should not forget the less newsworthy failures such as leaky roofs, damp walls, dropped foundations and rotted timber. This book gives practical guidance on the prevention of failure by describing the nature and cause of the most common defects in buildings, and then shows how they should be avoided in design and construction.