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Moisture and Buildings

Moisture and Buildings Book
Author : Arianna Brambilla,Alberto Sangiorgio
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0128210982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One in three homes, on average, suffer from excessive dampness and mould proliferation, with significant health and economic impacts. The combination of new construction methodologies, stricter airtightness requirements and the changing social and cultural context that influences the way we live inside buildings has created unprecedented challenges for the built environment. In modifying indoor and outdoor environments and the building envelopes that serve as a filter between the two, we are changing the physical parameters of the ways in which buildings behave and respond to climatic stimuli. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact should be an important step in the design process, aiming to minimise possible negative long-term consequences. Understanding and predicting the way in which buildings and moisture may interact is, today more than ever, essential yet difficult, as the experience of the past has lost its applicability. Moisture-related issues never have a simple solution, since they involve multiple factors, including design, construction, maintenance, materials, climate and occupation pattern. Thus, while the topic is attracting growing attention among researchers, designers and practitioners, the pace with which actual change is occurring is still too slow. Moisture and Buildings provides a critical overview of current research, knowledge and policy frameworks, and presents a comprehensive analysis of the implications of moisture and the importance of accounting for it during the design process. It responds to the urgent need for a systematic organization of the existing knowledge to identify research gaps and provide directions for future developments. The ultimate goal is to increase awareness of the multifaceted implications of hygrothermal phenomena and promote integrated design processes that lead to healthier and more durable constructions. Presents advanced knowledge on hygrothermal processes and their interaction with buildings Integrates the three key areas of moisture transport and its impact on buildings, including durability, human health and comfort Considers the most useful computational tools for assessing moisture and building interactions Includes a section on the main European, American and Australian building codes Explains the risks of mold growth to human health, including growth models to assessment methods

Moisture in Buildings Air envelope Interaction

Moisture in Buildings Air envelope Interaction Book
Author : jerzy Kwiatkowski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this thesis was to study the mass exchange between indoor air and material. The influence of several factors on moisture transfer has been verified. Also the convective mass transfer dependency on the relative humidity condition and position of the material has been checked. Finally, a new module with the sorption hysteresis model, Humi-mur, for calculations of mass flow exchanged between indoor air and material has been developed, validated and integrated into the whole building simulation tool TRNSYS. This powerful tool was used to simulate a realistic room under real climatic conditions. The tests on mass uptake have shown that the rate of mass uptake depends not only on the material and coatings but also, some relationships between mass flux and air movement and temperature have been found. The experiment on water evaporation from a free liquid surface showed that the convective mass transfer coefficient depends on the driving potential value. It was presented that for the smaller difference in the relative humidity the transport coefficient is smaller. The measurements of the convective mass transfer coefficient from a thin hygroscopic material showed that the value of the coefficient depends not only on the difference in the driving potential but also on the level of the driving potential. For the same difference the convective transport coefficient has lower values for a lower level of relative humidity. It was also shown that the convective mass transfer coefficient has lower values for samples in a vertical position than in a horizontal position. Finally, the practical use of the Humi-mur model has been presented. The results show that moisture buffering materials can improve perceived indoor air quality and prevent microbiological growth at the surface of the building envelope. It was also pointed out that neglecting the effect of sorption hysteresis on moisture flux can lead to errors in calculations.

Moisture Control in Buildings

Moisture Control in Buildings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Moisture Control in Buildings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems

Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems Book
Author : Heinz R. Trechsel
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0803112548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water Vapor Transmission Through Building Materials and Systems book written by Heinz R. Trechsel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbiomes of the Built Environment

Microbiomes of the Built Environment Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Health and Medicine Division,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Microbiomes of the Built Environment: From Research to Application
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-11-06
ISBN : 0309449804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

People's desire to understand the environments in which they live is a natural one. People spend most of their time in spaces and structures designed, built, and managed by humans, and it is estimated that people in developed countries now spend 90 percent of their lives indoors. As people move from homes to workplaces, traveling in cars and on transit systems, microorganisms are continually with and around them. The human-associated microbes that are shed, along with the human behaviors that affect their transport and removal, make significant contributions to the diversity of the indoor microbiome. The characteristics of "healthy" indoor environments cannot yet be defined, nor do microbial, clinical, and building researchers yet understand how to modify features of indoor environmentsâ€"such as building ventilation systems and the chemistry of building materialsâ€"in ways that would have predictable impacts on microbial communities to promote health and prevent disease. The factors that affect the environments within buildings, the ways in which building characteristics influence the composition and function of indoor microbial communities, and the ways in which these microbial communities relate to human health and well-being are extraordinarily complex and can be explored only as a dynamic, interconnected ecosystem by engaging the fields of microbial biology and ecology, chemistry, building science, and human physiology. This report reviews what is known about the intersection of these disciplines, and how new tools may facilitate advances in understanding the ecosystem of built environments, indoor microbiomes, and effects on human health and well-being. It offers a research agenda to generate the information needed so that stakeholders with an interest in understanding the impacts of built environments will be able to make more informed decisions.

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings

Spray Polyurethane Foam in External Envelopes of Buildings Book
Author : Mark T. Bomberg,Joseph W. Lstiburek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1351415018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spray Polyurethane Foams in External Envelopes of Buildings presents, for the first time, a book focused on both the theoretical and practical design and applications of spray polyurethane foam (SPF) use. To review the moisture performance of SPF, this book focuses on the design of an assembly where moisture is kept from accumulating and causing deterioration (flow through approach). In this approach, Spray Polyurethane Foam presents two unique parts of theory and practice of various SPF products. FROM THE PREFACE Part 1 of this monograph analyzes SPF performance as the material (product). Being field fabricated, installation of SPF products must include a quality assurance program . . . Laboratory evaluation of foams and their coverings, quality management issues, and quantification of the technical support provided to the SPF contractor are also reviewed. Part 2 presents a systems approach to construction. Starting with principles of environmental control of buildings, different aspects of design and performance of roofing and wall systems are reviewed. Details and design recommendations . . . as well as case studies . . . are included.

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume I

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture Volume I Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Water Interactions with Energy Environment Food and Agriculture Volume II

Water Interactions with Energy  Environment  Food and Agriculture   Volume II Book
Author : Maria Concepcion Donoso
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-02-25
ISBN : 1848261969
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water Interactions with Energy, Environment, Food and Agriculture is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The theme discusses water's importance to energy generation, the environment, food, and agriculture. It begins with an analysis of the interrelations between water and the environment. Consideration is given to the relationship between water and human health. Water's dynamic role in the food production process; Ecosystem Character; Water Quality and Environment; Climate Change and Water Resources; Water Resources For Agricultural and Food Production; Water Balance in Agriculture Areas; Water Contamination from Rural Production Systems; Water Interactions with Human Development ;Economic Development; and Cultural Development are considered. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, Managers, and Decision makers and NGOs

Human Computer Interaction Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Human Computer Interaction  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-10-02
ISBN : 1466687908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As modern technologies continue to develop and evolve, the ability of users to interface with new systems becomes a paramount concern. Research into new ways for humans to make use of advanced computers and other such technologies is necessary to fully realize the potential of 21st century tools. Human-Computer Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications gathers research on user interfaces for advanced technologies and how these interfaces can facilitate new developments in the fields of robotics, assistive technologies, and computational intelligence. This four-volume reference contains cutting-edge research for computer scientists; faculty and students of robotics, digital science, and networked communications; and clinicians invested in assistive technologies. This seminal reference work includes chapters on topics pertaining to system usability, interactive design, mobile interfaces, virtual worlds, and more.

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates

Commissioning Buildings in Hot  Humid Climates Book
Author : J. David Odom,George DuBose
Publisher : The Fairmont Press, Inc.
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0881733199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prepared by the largest environmental engineering firm in the U.S., this manual explains how to avoid errors in design, construction, or operation of large-scale facilities which in hot, humid climates can lead to critical building failure. Key issues covered include indoor air quality problem factors, climate considerations, new building failure, and a building model which examines possible problems throughout the construction process.

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates

Commissioning Buildings in Hot Humid Climates Book
Author : Odom
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-01-31
ISBN : 9780824709006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Section 1: Key Issues Section 2: Schematic DesignSection 3: Design DevelopmentSection 4: Final DesignSection 5: ConstructionSection 6: Post-Construction Startup and System CommissioningSection 7: Works Cited

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques

Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques Book
Author : João M.P.Q. Delgado
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-22
ISBN : 9811004668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a collection of recent research on building diagnosis techniques related to construction pathology, hygrothermal behavior and durability, and diagnostic techniques. It highlights recent advances and new developments in the field of building physics, building anomalies in materials and components, new techniques for improved energy efficiency analysis, and diagnosis techniques such as infrared thermography. This book will be of interest to a wide readership of professionals, scientists, students, practitioners, and lecturers.

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering

Research in Building Physics and Building Engineering Book
Author : Paul Fazio,Hua Ge,Jiwu Rao,Guylaine Desmarais
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-25
ISBN : 1000116204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Buildings influence people. They account for one third of energy consumption across the globe and represent an annual capital expenditure of 7%-10% of GNP in industrialized countries. Their lifetime operation costs can exceed capital investment. Building Engineering aims to make buildings more efficient, safe and economical. One branch of this discipline, Building Physics/Science, has gained prominence, with a heightened awareness of such phenomena as sick buildings, the energy crisis and sustainability, and considering the performance of buildings in terms of climatic loads and indoor conditions. The book reflects the advanced level and high quality of research which Building Engineering, and Building Physics/Science in particular, have reached at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will be a valuable resource to: engineers, architects, building scientists, consultants on the building envelope, researchers and graduate students.

Materials for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Comfort in Buildings

Materials for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Comfort in Buildings Book
Author : Matthew R Hall
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-04-21
ISBN : 1845699270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Almost half of the total energy produced in the developed world is inefficiently used to heat, cool, ventilate and control humidity in buildings, to meet the increasingly high thermal comfort levels demanded by occupants. The utilisation of advanced materials and passive technologies in buildings would substantially reduce the energy demand and improve the environmental impact and carbon footprint of building stock worldwide. Materials for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings critically reviews the advanced building materials applicable for improving the built environment. Part one reviews both fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings, from heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour, and ventilation, on to thermal comfort and health and safety requirements. Part two details the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for application in buildings, beginning with a review of lifecycle assessment and environmental profiling of materials. The section moves on to review thermal insulation materials, materials for heat and moisture control, and heat energy storage and passive cooling technologies. Part two concludes with coverage of modern methods of construction, roofing design and technology, and benchmarking of façades for optimised building thermal performance. Finally, Part three reviews the application of advanced materials, design and technologies in a range of existing and new building types, including domestic, commercial and high-performance buildings, and buildings in hot and tropical climates. This book is of particular use to, mechanical, electrical and HVAC engineers, architects and low-energy building practitioners worldwide, as well as to academics and researchers in the fields of building physics, civil and building engineering, and materials science. Explores improving energy efficiency and thermal comfort through material selection and sustainable technologies Documents the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for applications in building design and construction Examines fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings featuring heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour and ventilation

Water Rock Interaction XIII

Water Rock Interaction XIII Book
Author : Peter Birkle,Ignacio Salvador Torres Alvarado
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 1439862990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the late 18th century, Neptunists and Plutonists had controversial opinions about the formation of the Earth and its lithological units. The former believed that rocks formed from the crystallization of minerals in the early Earth’s oceans, the latter believed that rocks were formed in fire. Both theories ignored the importance of continuous water-rock interaction processes at Earth ́s surface and underground, which can enhance and define the type of volcanic activity, can cause the formation of secondary hydrothermal minerals and respective ore deposits, or simply alter the natural landscape by weathering. Although not visible at first glance, water-rock interaction plays a significant role in the daily life of humans. Many primary necessities of modern society, such as the availability of high-quality drinking water, the supply of fossil fuel and renewable energy types, the abundance of precious minerals, the remediation of contaminated natural sites, and the reconnaissance of geological hazards require a profound understanding of physicochemical processes interacting between liquid, solid and gas phases. Since 1974, when the first Water-Rock Interaction Symposia (WRI-1) was held in Prague (Czechoslovakia, now the Czech Republic), the Working Group on Water-Rock Interaction of the International Association of GeoChemistry (IAGC) has organized an international meeting every three years to present and discuss the most recent results in geochemical technologies. In 2010, WRI-13 attracted about 300 geoscientists affiliated with universities, research institutions, regulatory agencies and from private industry, from 35 countries to Guanajuato, Mexico. The 231 papers published in this volume describe novel advances in research related to interactive processes between the hydrosphere and the lithosphere. Innovative field-based studies, theoretical approaches and small-scale lab experiments are applied to reconstruct and combine pieces of the complex hydrological puzzle, and to confront society ́s impact on the environment. The papers reveal details on high-temperature reactions during the formation of hydrothermal ore deposits and geothermal reservoirs, practical case studies on groundwater quality and karst systems, environmental issues by mine tailings, novel technologies for the attenuation and remediation of contaminated sites, water/mineral interfacial processes on a micro- to macroscopic scale, the kinetics of weathering during low temperature conditions, examples for the advanced modeling of flow and transport processes as well as for CO2 reservoir injection, biochemical factors in surface and underground media, and the application of novel isotope techniques in rock/water/gas systems. Special emphasis in many papers is given on environmental concerns in abandoned mining districts, the occurrence and hazards of non-metals (especially arsenic) in exploited groundwater systems, and an increasing interest in mitigating CO2 emission by its injection into underground reservoirs. The papers in this volume are of wide-ranging interest to professionals and students in Earth sciences, including geochemistry, hydrochemistry, hydrology, geology, mineralogy, volcanology and environmental sciences, but also to decision-makers and engineers involved in the management of energy and natural resources, as well as professionals concerned about environmental issues.

Durability of Building Materials and Components 8

Durability of Building Materials and Components 8 Book
Author : Michael A. Lacasse,Dana J. Vanier
Publisher : NRC Research Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780660177373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a selected overview of approaches, methods, techniques, tools, systems and technology used to develop knowledge of the service life durability of construction and building materials.

Understanding Building Failures

Understanding Building Failures Book
Author : James Douglas,Bill Ransom
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-04-12
ISBN : 1136448799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building defects still continue to plague the construction industry. The lessons learned over the last forty years have not been fully applied. Many new or refurbished buildings still leak or crack. Lack of awareness by designers and installers as to the main mechanisms that trigger such failures remains a problem for the industry. Investigating and rectifying building failures form a major part of building surveyors’ bread and butter work. This book provides guidance on this work for typical residential, commercial and industrial buildings – with advice on how to diagnose a wide range of defects with an emphasis on evidence based practice throughout. It considers both modern and older construction methods, together with new and traditional materials. The particular problems of alteration and renovation work are also discussed. The first four chapters provide information and guidance on the methodology for investigating failures – how to prepare for and conduct an investigation into a building defect and subsequently diagnose its cause in a logical manner. This fourth edition has been updated and expanded to cover the latest diagnostic procedures and research. It also includes Appendices and a new Bibliography, and provides an extensive list of books on building pathology and related topics in the UK and North America. It is essential reading for all students and practitioners interested in building surveying and building conservation.

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings

Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings Book
Author : Walter T. Grondzik,Alison G. Kwok,Benjamin Stein,John S. Reynolds
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-01-31
ISBN : 9781118039403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For more than half a century, this book has been a fixture in architecture and construction firms the world over. Twice awarded the AIA's Citation for Excellence in International Architecture Book Publishing, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings is recognized for its comprehensiveness, clarity of presentation, and timely coverage of new design trends and technologies. Addressing mechanical and electrical systems for buildings of all sizes, it provides design guidelines and detailed design procedures for each topic covered. Thoroughly updated to cover the latest technologies, new and emerging design trends, and relevant codes, this latest edition features more than 2,200 illustrations--200 new to this edition--and a companion Website with additional resources.

Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning ISHVAC 2019

Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Heating  Ventilation and Air Conditioning  ISHVAC 2019  Book
Author : Zhaojun Wang,Yingxin Zhu,Fang Wang,Peng Wang,Chao Shen,Jing Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-19
ISBN : 9811395284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents selected papers from the 11th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (ISHVAC 2019), with a focus on HVAC techniques for improving indoor environment quality and the energy efficiency of heating and cooling systems. Presenting inspiration for implementing more efficient and safer HVAC systems, the book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, engineers in industry, and government regulators.

Moisture Content

Moisture Content Book
Author : R. F. Feldman,Peter J. Sereda
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Moisture Content book written by R. F. Feldman,Peter J. Sereda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.