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Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography Book
Author : Serban Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-20
ISBN : 9780444543196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sample preparation is applied to make real world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis, or to improve the results of this type of analysis. A wide variety of procedures are applied for this purpose, and their description is the main goal of the present book. The principles of these procedures are explained, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, and their applicability to different types of samples as well as their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. This provides a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis. The book also contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices. The material is presented in three parts, one discussing physical methods used in sample preparation such as filtration, distillation, solvent extraction, solid phase extraction, electro-separations. * presents in a systematic way numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis * provides an up to date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography * describes examples for specific type of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography Book
Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-18
ISBN : 0444543228
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sample preparation is applied to make real world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis, or to improve the results of this type of analysis. A wide variety of procedures are applied for this purpose, and their description is the main goal of the present book. The principles of these procedures are explained, discussing their advantages and disadvantages, and their applicability to different types of samples as well as their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. This provides a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis. The book also contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices. The material is presented in three parts, one discussing physical methods used in sample preparation such as filtration, distillation, solvent extraction, solid phase extraction, electro-separations. Presents in a systematic way numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis Provides an up to date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography Describes examples for specific type of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography Book
Author : Serban Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-24
ISBN : 0323898203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern Sample Preparation for Chromatography, Second Edition explains the principles of sample preparation for chromatographic analysis. A variety of procedures are applied to make real-world samples amenable for chromatographic analysis and to improve results. This book's authors discuss each procedure’s advantages, disadvantages and their applicability to different types of samples, along with their fit for different types of chromatographic analysis. The book contains numerous literature references and examples of sample preparation for different matrices and new sections on green approaches in sample preparation, progress in automation of sample preparation, non-conventional solvents for LLE (ionic liquids, deep eutectic mixtures, and others), and more. Presents numerous techniques applied for sample preparation for chromatographic analysis Provides an up-to-date source of information regarding the progress made in sample preparation for chromatography Describes examples for specific types of matrices, providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation method for a given analysis

Modern Sample Preparation Approaches for Separation Science

Modern Sample Preparation Approaches for Separation Science Book
Author : Nuno Neng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-09-27
ISBN : 303921411X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will provide the most recent knowledge and advances in Sample Preparation Techniques for Separation Science. Everyone working in a laboratory must be familiar with the basis of these technologies, and they often involve elaborate and time-consuming procedures that can take up to 80% of the total analysis time. Sample preparation is an essential step in most of the analytical methods for environmental and biomedical analysis, since the target analytes are often not detected in their in-situ forms, or the results are distorted by interfering species. In the past decade, modern sample preparation techniques have aimed to comply with green analytical chemistry principles, leading to simplification, miniaturization, easy manipulation of the analytical devices, low costs, strong reduction or absence of toxic organic solvents, as well as low sample volume requirements. Modern Sample Preparation Approaches for Separation Science also provides an invaluable reference tool for analytical chemists in the chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, environmental, and forensic sciences.

Sampling and Sample Preparation in Field and Laboratory

Sampling and Sample Preparation in Field and Laboratory Book
Author : Janusz Pawliszyn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-09-23
ISBN : 9780444505118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title is the first comprehensive book on sampling and modern sample preparation techniques and has several main objectives: to facilitate recognition of sample preparation as both an integral part of the analytical process; to present a fundamental basis and unified theoretical approach for the professional development of sample preparation; to emphasize new developments in sample preparation technology; and to highlight the future impact of sample preparation on new directions in analytical science, particularly automation, miniaturization and field implementation. Until recently, there has been relatively little scientific interest in sampling and sample preparation, however this situation is presently changing as sampling and sample preparation become integral parts of the analytical process with their own unique challenges and research opportunities. Sampling and Sample Preparation for Field and Laboratory is an essential resource for all analytical chemists, and in particular those involved in method development. Not only does it cover the fundamental aspects of extraction, it also covers applications in various matrices and includes sampling strategies and equipment and how these can be integrated into the analytical process for maximum efficiency.

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation Book
Author : Josep M. Bayona,Paola Dugo,X. Chris Le,Hian Kee Lee,Xing-Fang Li,Heather Lord
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0123813743
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation is a complete treatment of the theory and methodology of sampling in all physical phases and the theory of sample preparation for all major extraction techniques. It is the perfect starting point for researchers and students to design and implement their experiments and support those experiments with quality-reviewed background information. In its four volumes, fundamentals of sampling and sample preparation are reinforced through broad and detailed sections dealing with Biological and Medical, Environmental and Forensic, and Food and Beverage applications. The contributions are organized to reflect the way in which analytical chemists approach a problem. It is intended for a broad audience of analytical chemists, both educators and practitioners of the art and can assist in the preparation of courses as well in the selection of sampling and sample preparation techniques to address the challenges at hand. Above all, it is designed to be helpful in learning more about these topics, as well as to encourage an interest in sampling and sample preparation by outlining the present practice of the technology and by indicating research opportunities. Sampling and Sample preparation is a large and well-defined field in Analytical Chemistry, relevant for many application areas such as medicine, environmental science, biochemistry, pharmacology, geology, and food science. This work covers all these aspects and will be extremely useful to researchers and students, who can use it as a starting point to design and implement their experiments and for quality-reviewed background information There are limited resources that Educators can use to effectively teach the fundamental aspects of modern sample preparation technology. Comprehensive Sampling and Sample Preparation addresses this need, but focuses on the common principles of new developments in extraction technologies rather than the differences between techniques thus facilitating a more thorough understanding Provides a complete overview of the field. Not only will help to save time, it will also help to make correct assessments and avoid costly mistakes in sampling in the process Sample and sample preparation are integral parts of the analytical process but are often less considered and sometimes even completely disregarded in the available literature. To fill this gap, leading scientists have contributed 130 chapters, organized in 4 volumes, covering all modern aspects of sampling and liquid, solid phase and membrane extractions, as well as the challenges associated with different types of matrices in relevant application areas

Liquid Chromatography

Liquid Chromatography Book
Author : Salvatore Fanali,Paul R. Haddad,Colin Poole,Marja-Liisa Riekkola
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-23
ISBN : 0128093447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Liquid Chromatography: Applications, Second Edition,is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the practice of modern liquid chromatography. It gives those working in both academia and industry the opportunity to learn, refresh, and deepen their knowledge of the wide variety of applications in the field. In the years since the first edition was published, thousands of papers have been released on new achievements in liquid chromatography, including the development of new stationary phases, improvement of instrumentation, development of theory, and new applications in biomedicine, metabolomics, proteomics, foodomics, pharmaceuticals, and more. This second edition addresses these new developments with updated chapters from the most expert researchers in the field. Emphasizes the integration of chromatographic methods and sample preparation Explains how liquid chromatography is used in different industrial sectors Covers the most interesting and valuable applications in different fields, e.g., proteomic, metabolomics, foodomics, pollutants and contaminants, and drug analysis (forensic, toxicological, pharmaceutical, biomedical) Includes references and tables with commonly used data to facilitate research, practical work, comparison of results, and decision-making

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis Book
Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu,Victor David
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 0128037113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis serves as a practical guide to users of high-performance liquid chromatography and provides criteria for method selection, development, and validation. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the most common analytical technique currently practiced in chemistry. However, the process of finding the appropriate information for a particular analytical project requires significant effort and pre-existent knowledge in the field. Further, sorting through the wealth of published data and literature takes both time and effort away from the critical aspects of HPLC method selection. For the first time, a systematic approach for sorting through the available information and reviewing critically the up-to-date progress in HPLC for selecting a specific analysis is available in a single book. Selection of the HPLC Method in Chemical Analysis is an inclusive go-to reference for HPLC method selection, development, and validation. Addresses the various aspects of practice and instrumentation needed to obtain reliable HPLC analysis results Leads researchers to the best choice of an HPLC method from the overabundance of information existent in the field Provides criteria for HPLC method selection, development, and validation Authored by world-renowned HPLC experts who have more than 60 years of combined experience in the field

Metabolomics Perspectives

Metabolomics Perspectives Book
Author : Jacopo Troisi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 0323850634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metabolomics Perspectives: From Theory to Practical Application is an expertly written volume, which provides a thorough description of the current state-of-the-art in the metabolomics field. The philosophy behind the book is to guide the reader in a step-by-step exploration of metabolomics experiments, ranging from sample preparation to data extraction, analysis and interpretation, and to discuss the main current applications and future perspectives of this emerging science. Armed with critical insights, coupled with a clear writing, the book consists of three main sections. The first one introduces the pivotal theoretical fundamentals and provides a comprehensive overview of the "wet" laboratory workflow, including protocol instructions and a detailed description of experimental methods and analytical techniques. The second section covers a wide range of topics in the context of data analysis, including guidance in exploratory analysis, supervised and unsupervised machine learning approaches and validation and optimization methods. In addition to the several examples reported in the text, the book features an R package, specifically designed to perform all the described algorithms, which is hosted on a companion website (www.metabolomicsperspectives.com) together with several sets of available metabolomic data. Finally, an extensive dissertation describes the latest advances and the major fields of interest for metabolomics applications, highlighting their crucial potentials for future biomedical research. Thus, this book represents a must-read for both experienced researchers, interested in metabolomics, and newcomers to the field. • Provides an in-depth description of the metabolomics experimental workflow and its applications in life science and biomedical research • Features chapter contributions from the greatest international experts in the field • Includes an R package and several sets of metabolomics data, hosted on a companion website

Tietz Textbook of Laboratory Medicine E Book

Tietz Textbook of Laboratory Medicine   E Book Book
Author : Nader Rifai
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2022-02-03
ISBN : 0323834671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Use THE definitive reference for laboratory medicine and clinical pathology! Tietz Textbook of Laboratory Medicine, 7th Edition provides the guidance necessary to select, perform, and evaluate the results of new and established laboratory tests. Comprehensive coverage includes the latest advances in topics such as clinical chemistry, genetic metabolic disorders, molecular diagnostics, hematology and coagulation, clinical microbiology, transfusion medicine, and clinical immunology. From a team of expert contributors led by Nader Rifai, this reference includes access to wide-ranging online resources on Expert Consult — featuring the comprehensive product with fully searchable text, regular content updates, animations, podcasts, over 1300 clinical case studies, lecture series, and more. Authoritative, current content helps you perform tests in a cost-effective, timely, and efficient manner; provides expertise in managing clinical laboratory needs; and shows how to be responsive to an ever-changing environment. Current guidelines help you select, perform, and evaluate the results of new and established laboratory tests. Expert, internationally recognized chapter authors present guidelines representing different practices and points of view. Analytical criteria focus on the medical usefulness of laboratory procedures. Use of standard and international units of measure makes this text appropriate for any user, anywhere in the world. Expert Consult provides the entire text as a fully searchable eBook, and includes regular content updates, animations, podcasts, more than 1300 clinical case studies, over 2500 multiple-choice questions, a lecture series, and more. NEW! 19 additional chapters highlight various specialties throughout laboratory medicine. NEW! Updated, peer-reviewed content provides the most current information possible. NEW! The largest-ever compilation of clinical cases in laboratory medicine is included on Expert Consult. NEW! Over 100 adaptive learning courses on Expert Consult offer the opportunity for personalized education.

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano and Other High Performance Materials

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano  and Other High Performance Materials Book
Author : Rafael Lucena,M. Soledad Cardenas Aranzana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-23
ISBN : 0128221720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Sample Preparation With Nano- and Other High-Performance Materials covers advanced sample treatment techniques and the new materials that can be used to boost their performance. The evolution of sample treatment over the last two decades has resulted in the development of new techniques and application of new materials. This is a must-have resource for those studying advanced analytical techniques and the role of high-performance materials in analytical chemistry. The book explains the underlying principles needed to properly understand sample preparation, and also examines the latest materials - including nanomaterials - that result in greater sensitivity and specificity. The book begins with a section devoted to all the various sample preparation techniques and then continues with sections on high-performance sorbents and high-performance solvents. Combines basic, fundamental principles and advanced concepts and applications for a comprehensive treatment of sample preparation with new materials Defines nano- and other high-performance materials in this context, including carbon nanoparticles, inorganic nanoparticles, ionic liquids, supramolecular solvents, and more Includes discussion of all the latest advancements and new findings in both techniques and materials used for proper sample preparation

Sample Preparation Techniques for Chemical Analysis

Sample Preparation Techniques for Chemical Analysis Book
Author : Massoud Kaykhaii
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-12-22
ISBN : 1839692146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite having powerful software, microchips, and solid-state detectors that enable analytical chemists to achieve fast, stable, and accurate signals from their instruments, sample preparation is the most important step in chemical analysis. Issues can arise at this step for various reasons, including a low concentration of analytes, incompatibility of the sample with the analytical instrument, and matrix interferences. This volume discusses the basics of sample preparation and examines modern techniques that can be used by both novice and expert analytical chemists. Chapters review microextraction, surface spectroscopy analysis, and techniques for particle, tissue, and cellular separation.

Biomolecular and Bioanalytical Techniques

Biomolecular and Bioanalytical Techniques Book
Author : Vasudevan Ramesh
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2019-05-13
ISBN : 1119483964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential guide to biomolecular and bioanalytical techniques and their applications Biomolecular and Bioanalytical Techniques offers an introduction to, and a basic understanding of, a wide range of biophysical techniques. The text takes an interdisciplinary approach with contributions from a panel of distinguished experts. With a focus on research, the text comprehensively covers a broad selection of topics drawn from contemporary research in the fields of chemistry and biology. Each of the internationally reputed authors has contributed a single chapter on a specific technique. The chapters cover the specific technique’s background, theory, principles, technique, methodology, protocol and applications. The text explores the use of a variety of analytical tools to characterise biological samples. The contributors explain how to identify and quantify biochemically important molecules, including small molecules as well as biological macromolecules such as enzymes, antibodies, proteins, peptides and nucleic acids. This book is filled with essential knowledge and explores the skills needed to carry out the research and development roles in academic and industrial laboratories. A technique-focused book that bridges the gap between an introductory text and a book on advanced research methods Provides the necessary background and skills needed to advance the research methods Features a structured approach within each chapter Demonstrates an interdisciplinary approach that serves to develop independent thinking Written for students in chemistry, biological, medical, pharmaceutical, forensic and biophysical sciences, Biomolecular and Bioanalytical Techniques is an in-depth review of the most current biomolecular and bioanalytical techniques in the field.

Encyclopedia of Chromatography

Encyclopedia of Chromatography Book
Author : Jack Cazes
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-10-12
ISBN : 1439870675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thoroughly revised and expanded, the third edition of the Encyclopedia of Chromatography is an authoritative source of information for researchers in chemistry, biology, physics, engineering, and materials science. This quick reference and guide to specific chromatographic techniques and theory provides a basic introduction to the science and techn

Advances in Chromatographic Analysis

Advances in Chromatographic Analysis Book
Author : Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento
Publisher : AVID SCIENCE
Release : 2022-05-25
ISBN : 9386337517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Chromatographic Analysis book written by Ronaldo Ferreira do Nascimento, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modern Practice of Gas Chromatography

Modern Practice of Gas Chromatography Book
Author : Robert L. Grob, PhD,Eugene F. Barry
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-08-04
ISBN : 047165115X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The bible of gas chromatography-offering everything the professional and the novice need to know about running, maintaining, and interpreting the results from GC Analytical chemists, technicians, and scientists in allied disciplines have come to regard Modern Practice of Gas Chomatography as the standard reference in gas chromatography. In addition to serving as an invaluable reference for the experienced practitioner, this bestselling work provides the beginner with a solid understanding of gas chromatographic theory and basic techniques. This new Fourth Edition incorporates the most recent developments in the field, including entirely new chapters on gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS); optimization of separations and computer assistance; high speed or fast gas chromatography; mobile phase requirements: gas system requirements and sample preparation techniques; qualitative and quantitative analysis by GC; updated information on detectors; validation and QA/QC of chromatographic methods; and useful hints for good gas chromatography. As in previous editions, contributing authors have been chosen for their expertise and active participation in their respective areas. Modern Practice of Gas Chromatography, Fourth Edition presents a well-rounded and comprehensive overview of the current state of this important technology, providing a practical reference that will greatly appeal to both experienced chomatographers and novices.

Sample Preparation in Chromatography

Sample Preparation in Chromatography Book
Author : S.C. Moldoveanu,V. David
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-05-08
ISBN : 9780080540702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sample preparation is an essential step in many analyses. This book approaches the topic of sample preparation in chromatography in a methodical way, viewing it as a logical connection between sample collection and analytical chromatography. Providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis, this book describes various ways to process the sample, explaining the principle, discussing the advantages and disadvantages, describing the applicability to different types of samples, and showing the fitness to specific chromatographic determinations. The first part of the book contains an overview of sample preparation showing its relation to sample collection and to the core chromatographic analysis. The second part covers procedures that do not use chemical modifications of the analyte and includes methods for sample dissolution, concentration and cleanup designed mainly for modifying the initial matrix of the sample. This part starts with conventional separations such as filtration and distillation and finishes with more advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction and electroseparations. The third part gives a description of the chemical modifications that can be performed on a sample either for fractionation purposes or to improve a specific property of the analyte. This part includes derivatizations, polymer chemical degradations, and pyrolysis.

Vapor Generation Techniques for Trace Element Analysis

Vapor Generation Techniques for Trace Element Analysis Book
Author : Alessandro D’Ulivo,Ralph Sturgeon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-04-23
ISBN : 0323858422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vapor Generation Techniques for Trace Element Analysis: Fundamental Aspects provides an overview and discussion of the fundamental aspects governing derivatization reactions of trace-level elements for analytical purposes. Vapor generation techniques coupled with atomic or mass spectrometry have been employed for over 50 years, but their popularity has dramatically increased in recent years, especially as alternative vapor generation approaches have been developed. This book bridges the knowledge gap of the derivatization mechanisms that yield volatile compounds and provides an update on recent developments in vapor generation techniques used for the determination and speciation of trace elements by atomic optical and mass spectrometry. It will serve as a comprehensive, single-source overview of recent developments, providing readers with an understanding of the correct implementation—and limitations—of applying vapor generation techniques to everyday analytical problems facing the trace element analyst. Covers reaction mechanisms and fundamental processes of vapor generation in detail Includes classical and alternative vapor generation approaches: alkylation, chelation, plasma, photochemical and electrochemical Guides the interpretation of experimental results and implementation of vapor generation techniques in the laboratory

Multifunctional Systems for Combined Delivery Biosensing and Diagnostics

Multifunctional Systems for Combined Delivery  Biosensing and Diagnostics Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2017-05-03
ISBN : 0323527264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multifunctional Systems for Combined Delivery, Biosensing, and Diagnostics explores how multifunctional nanocarriers are being used in combined delivery and diagnostics in contemporary medicine. Particular attention is given to efforts to i) reduce the side effects of therapeutic agents, ii) increase the pharmacological effect, and iii) improve aqueous solubility and chemical stability of different therapeutic agents. The chapters focus on applications of nanostructured materials and nanocarriers, highlighting how these can be used effectively in both diagnosis and delivery. This applied focus makes the book an important reference source for those wanting to learn more about how specific nanomaterials and nanotechnology systems can help to solve drug delivery and diagnostics problems. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, bioengineers, and medical researchers who are looking for an applications-oriented guide on how nanotechnology and nanomaterials can be used effectively throughout the medical treatment process, from diagnosis to treatment. Explores the benefits of using a variety of nanomaterials as drug delivery agents Explains how nanocarriers can reduce the side effects of therapeutic agents Provides an analysis of the pros and cons of using specific nanocarriers to solve particular diagnosis and delivery problems

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed

Determining Mycotoxins and Mycotoxigenic Fungi in Food and Feed Book
Author : Sarah De Saeger
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-02-07
ISBN : 0857090976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mycotoxins - toxic secondary metabolites produced by mycotoxigenic fungi – pose a significant risk to the food chain. Indeed, they may be the most hazardous of all food contaminants in terms of chronic toxicity and legislative limits on their levels in food and feed continue to be developed worldwide. Rapid and reliable methods for the determination of both mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins in food and feed are therefore essential. This book reviews current and emerging methods in this area. Part one focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation and clean-up and key determination techniques, such as chromatographic separation, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and immunochemical methods. Part two then goes on to describe quality assurance, official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed. Topics covered include laboratory accreditation, method validation and measurement uncertainty. The development and analysis of biomarkers for mycotoxins are discussed in part three. Individual chapters focus on detecting exposure in humans and animals. Part four is concerned with the processes involved in determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed. It also describes the identification of genes and gene clusters involved in mycotoxin synthesis, as well as DNA barcoding of toxigenic fungi. Finally, part five explores some of the emerging methods for mycotoxin analysis, ranging from bio-sensing to spectroscopic techniques. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Determining mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed is a standard reference for all those concerned with reducing mycotoxin contamination in the food chain. Focuses on the essentials of mycotoxin determination, covering sampling, sample preparation, clean-up and key determination techniques Documents quality assurance and official methods and performance criteria for determining mycotoxins in food and feed Explores the processes of determining mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed including the identification of genes and gene clusters