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Modern Inference Based On Health Related Markers

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The Backbone of Europe

The Backbone of Europe Book
Author : Richard H. Steckel,Clark Larsen,Charlotte A. Roberts,Joerg Baten
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-11-15
ISBN : 1108421954
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Represents the largest recorded dataset based on human skeletal remains from archaeological sites across the continent of Europe.

Foundations of Evidence Based Medicine

Foundations of Evidence Based Medicine Book
Author : Milos Jenicek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-19
ISBN : 0429584350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive text focuses on reasoning, critical thinking and pragmatic decision making in medicine. Based on the author’s extensive experience and filled with definitions, formulae, flowcharts and checklists, this fully revised second edition continues to provide invaluable guidance to the crucial role that clinical epidemiology plays in the expanding field of evidence-based medicine. Key Features: • Considers evidence-based medicine as a universal initiative common to all health sciences and professions, and all specialties within those disciplines • Demonstrates how effective practice is reliant on proper foundations, such as clinical and fundamental epidemiology, and biostatistics • Introduces the reader to basic epidemiological methods, meta-analysis and decision analysis • Shows that structured, modern, argumentative reasoning is required to build the best possible evidence and use it in practice and research • Outlines how to make the most appropriate decisions in clinical care, disease prevention and health promotion Presenting a range of topics seldom seen in a single resource, the innovative blend of informal logic and structured evidence-based reasoning makes this book invaluable for anyone seeking broad, in-depth and readable coverage of this complex and sometimes controversial field.

Applications of Modern Linguistics

Applications of Modern Linguistics Book
Author : Moha Ennaji,Fatima Sadiqi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applications of Modern Linguistics book written by Moha Ennaji,Fatima Sadiqi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Validity and Validation in Social Behavioral and Health Sciences

Validity and Validation in Social  Behavioral  and Health Sciences Book
Author : Bruno D. Zumbo,Eric K.H. Chan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-26
ISBN : 3319077945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book combines an overview of validity theory, trends in validation practices and a review of standards and guidelines in several international jurisdictions with research synthesis of the validity evidence in different research areas. An overview of theory is both useful and timely, in view of the increased use of tests and measures for decision-making, ranking and policy purposes in large-scale testing, assessment and social indicators and quality of life research. Research synthesis is needed to help us assemble, critically appraise and integrate the overwhelming volume of research on validity in different contexts. Rather than examining whether any given measure is “valid”, the focus is on a critical appraisal of the kinds of validity evidence reported in the published research literature. The five sources of validity evidence discussed are: content-related, response processes, internal structure, associations with other variables and consequences. The 15 syntheses included here, represent a broad sampling of psychosocial, health, medical and educational research settings, giving us an extensive evidential basis to build upon earlier studies. The book concludes with a meta-synthesis of the 15 syntheses and a discussion of the current thinking of validation practices by leading experts in the field.

Innovative Strategies Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials

Innovative Strategies  Statistical Solutions and Simulations for Modern Clinical Trials Book
Author : Mark Chang,John Balser,Jim Roach,Robin Bliss
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-03-29
ISBN : 1351214527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This is truly an outstanding book. [It] brings together all of the latest research in clinical trials methodology and how it can be applied to drug development.... Chang et al provide applications to industry-supported trials. This will allow statisticians in the industry community to take these methods seriously." Jay Herson, Johns Hopkins University The pharmaceutical industry's approach to drug discovery and development has rapidly transformed in the last decade from the more traditional Research and Development (R & D) approach to a more innovative approach in which strategies are employed to compress and optimize the clinical development plan and associated timelines. However, these strategies are generally being considered on an individual trial basis and not as part of a fully integrated overall development program. Such optimization at the trial level is somewhat near-sighted and does not ensure cost, time, or development efficiency of the overall program. This book seeks to address this imbalance by establishing a statistical framework for overall/global clinical development optimization and providing tactics and techniques to support such optimization, including clinical trial simulations. Provides a statistical framework for achieve global optimization in each phase of the drug development process. Describes specific techniques to support optimization including adaptive designs, precision medicine, survival-endpoints, dose finding and multiple testing. Gives practical approaches to handling missing data in clinical trials using SAS. Looks at key controversial issues from both a clinical and statistical perspective. Presents a generous number of case studies from multiple therapeutic areas that help motivate and illustrate the statistical methods introduced in the book. Puts great emphasis on software implementation of the statistical methods with multiple examples of software code (both SAS and R). It is important for statisticians to possess a deep knowledge of the drug development process beyond statistical considerations. For these reasons, this book incorporates both statistical and "clinical/medical" perspectives.

Narrative Medicine and Community Based Health Care and Planning

Narrative Medicine and Community Based Health Care and Planning Book
Author : John W Murphy,Berkeley A. Franz,Jung Min Choi,Karen A. Callaghan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-30
ISBN : 3319618571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This progressive resource brings the innovative power of narrative medicine to the forefront of community public health care. Chapters describe community involvement across a continuum of control, from health consultants describing problems and suggesting solutions to health committees designing programs and evaluating results. Narrative strategies to this end, including authentic dialogue and community mapping, are examined in the context of public health and fleshed out with examples of different levels of participation by community members. From the respectful collaboration modeled here, the principles of community public health care can potentially expand beyond the immediate community into other social domains on a greater scale. Included in the coverage: · Narratives, local knowledge, and world entry. · Community and narratives. · What is dialogue? · Storylines, causes, and locus of interventions. · Community mapping tells a story. · The politics of storytelling. Narrative Medicine and Community-Based Health Care and Planning gives health psychologists, sociologists, social workers, and public health administrators realistic practical insights for tapping into the unique resources communities and clients have to offer. This is the next step in the evolution of public health, toward large-scale improvements in care delivery, access to and relevance of services, and patient and community outcomes.

Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics

Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics Book
Author : M.C. Yang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-02-23
ISBN : 9789056991340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the basic statistical theory behind modern genetics is not very difficult, most statistical genetics papers are not easy to read for beginners in the field, and formulae quickly become very tedious to fit a particular area of application. Introduction to Statistical Methods in Modern Genetics distinguishes between the necessary and unnecessary complexity in a presentation designed for graduate-level statistics students. The author keeps derivations simple, but does so without losing the mathematical details. He also provides the required background in modern genetics for those looking forward to entering this arena. Along with some of the statistical tools important in genetics applications, students will learn: How a gene is found How scientists have separated the genetic and environmental aspects of a person's intelligence How genetics are used in agriculture to improve crops and domestic animals What a DNA fingerprint is and why there are controversies about it Although the author assumes students have a foundation in basic statistics, an appendix provides the necessary background beyond the elementary, including multinomial distributions, inference on frequency tables, and discriminant analysis. With clear explanations, a multitude of figures, and exercise sets in each chapter, this text forms an outstanding entrée into the rapidly expanding world of genetic data analysis.

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and Health Care Book
Author : Elene V. Metrosa
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781600212680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is generally conceded that there are significant disparities in health and health care based on a person's racial and ethnic background. Infant mortality rates for black babies remain nearly two-and-one-half times higher than for whites. The life expectancy for black men and women remains at nearly one decade fewer years of life compared with their white counterparts. Rates of death attributable to heart disease, stroke, prostate and breast cancer remain much higher in black populations. Diabetes disease rates are more than 30 percent higher among Native Americans and Hispanics than among whites. Minorities remain grossly under-represented in the health professions workforce relative to their proportions in the population. In addition, despite a large and growing body of scientific evidence, many patients and providers remain unaware that racial and ethnic health care disparities are a problem and perceptions about health care inequalities vary between minorities and whites. closing the disparity gap. This book presents new research focusing on these disparities.

Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-09-30
ISBN : 1466687525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a wireless society, one where convenience and accessibility determine the efficacy of the latest electronic gadgets and mobile devices. Making the most of these technologies—and ensuring their security against potential attackers—requires increased diligence in mobile technology research and development. Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together a comprehensive range of voices and research in the area of mobile and wireless technologies, exploring the successes and failures, advantages and drawbacks, and benefits and limitations of the technology. With applications in a plethora of different research and topic areas, this multi-volume reference work benefits researchers, service providers, end-users, and information technology professionals. This four-volume reference work includes a diverse array of chapters and authors covering topics such as m-commerce, network ethics, mobile agent systems, mobile learning, communications infrastructure, and applications in fields such as business, healthcare, government, tourism, and more.

Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology 2011 Edition

Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464967415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Healthcare Communication and Information Technology. The editors have built Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Healthcare Communication and Information Technology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Healthcare Communication and Information Technology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Modern Epidemiology

Modern Epidemiology Book
Author : Kenneth J. Rothman,Sander Greenland,Timothy L. Lash
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780781755641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thoroughly revised and updated Third Edition of the acclaimed Modern Epidemiology reflects both the conceptual development of this evolving science and the increasingly focal role that epidemiology plays in dealing with public health and medical problems. Coauthored by three leading epidemiologists, with sixteen additional contributors, this Third Edition is the most comprehensive and cohesive text on the principles and methods of epidemiologic research. The book covers a broad range of concepts and methods, such as basic measures of disease frequency and associations, study design, field methods, threats to validity, and assessing precision. It also covers advanced topics in data analysis such as Bayesian analysis, bias analysis, and hierarchical regression. Chapters examine specific areas of research such as disease surveillance, ecologic studies, social epidemiology, infectious disease epidemiology, genetic and molecular epidemiology, nutritional epidemiology, environmental epidemiology, reproductive epidemiology, and clinical epidemiology.

Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health

Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health Book
Author : Fabrizio Bruschi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 3709117828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Helminths are long-lived multicellular organisms that have co-evolved with humans over many thousands of years. They are responsible for infections which affect around one third of the human population, at global level. Despite the huge efforts in research during the last years, effective control of helminth infections is still far from optimal standards and the resulting diseases remain neglected. This book aims to give an up-date overview to the epidemiology (including molecular typing), specific biological, immunological and immunopathological aspects, diagnosis and perspectives of control of the most common helminth infections.

Modern Scientific Evidence

Modern Scientific Evidence Book
Author : David Laurence Faigman
Publisher : West Group Publishing
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modern Scientific Evidence book written by David Laurence Faigman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genomics and Health in the Developing World

Genomics and Health in the Developing World Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-06-14
ISBN : 0195374754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is designed to be the first major text to discuss advances in medical genetics in the developing world.

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics Book
Author : Mark Chang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-15
ISBN : 9781441998422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Epidemiology for Public Health Practice

Epidemiology for Public Health Practice Book
Author : Robert H. Friis,Thomas A. Sellers
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780763751616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Review: "Now in its Fourth Edition, this best-selling text offers comprehensive coverage of all the major topics in introductory epidemiology. With extensive treatment of the heart of epidemiology - from study designs to descriptive epidemiology to quantitative measures - this reader-friendly text is accessible and interesting to a wide range of beginning students in all health-related disciplines. A unique focus is given to real-world applications of epidemiology and the development of skills that students can apply in subsequent course work and in the field. The text is also accompanied by a complete package of instructor and student resources available through a companion Web site."--Jacket

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Health Perspectives book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

What s the Use of Race

What s the Use of Race  Book
Author : Ian Whitmarsh,David S. Jones
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2010-04-16
ISBN : 0262265710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How race as a category—reinforced by new discoveries in genetics—is used as a basis for practice and policy in law, science, and medicine. The post–civil rights era perspective of many scientists and scholars was that race was nothing more than a social construction. Recently, however, the relevance of race as a social, legal, and medical category has been reinvigorated by science, especially by discoveries in genetics. Although in 2000 the Human Genome Project reported that humans shared 99.9 percent of their genetic code, scientists soon began to argue that the degree of variation was actually greater than this, and that this variation maps naturally onto conventional categories of race. In the context of this rejuvenated biology of race, the contributors to What's the Use of Race? Investigate whether race can be a category of analysis without reinforcing it as a basis for discrimination. Can policies that aim to alleviate inequality inadvertently increase it by reifying race differences? The essays focus on contemporary questions at the cutting edge of genetics and governance, examining them from the perspectives of law, science, and medicine. The book follows the use of race in three domains of governance: ruling, knowing, and caring. Contributors first examine the use of race and genetics in the courtroom, law enforcement, and scientific oversight; then explore the ways that race becomes, implicitly or explicitly, part of the genomic science that attempts to address human diversity; and finally investigate how race is used to understand and act on inequities in health and disease. Answering these questions is essential for setting policies for biology and citizenship in the twenty-first century.

Advances in microbial food safety

Advances in microbial food safety Book
Author : G.C. Barker
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0128089806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotracing is a method for investigating food chain contamination events that concentrates on identification of probable sources. Biotracing is complementary to existing food safety assessments and is related to similar investigation processes in molecular epidemiology and forensic science. This chapter describes the background to biotracing, identifies important elements and describes an emerging methodology. In addition the chapter includes a review of a detailed biotracing model for Staphylococcus aureus in processed milk. The chapter concludes by highlighting options for food chain integration and includes some possibilities for future developments.

Migration Ethnicity Race and Health in Multicultural Societies

Migration  Ethnicity  Race  and Health in Multicultural Societies Book
Author : Raj S. Bhopal
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-12-19
ISBN : 0191644803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The globalization of trade and increasing international travel and migration poses huge challenges for health practitioners and policy makers who have to meet legal and policy obligations to provide health care of equal quality and effectiveness for all. Migration, Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies provides an accessible introduction to the complex issues of race, ethnicity and minority populations. The book explains the process of migration and the uses and misuses of the key concepts of race and ethnicity, illustrating their strengths and weaknesses in epidemiology, policy making, health service planning, research, health care and health promotion. Including many examples from around the world to demonstrate the theory in a practical way, and written in a clear and straightforward style with all terminology explained, this is an ideal book for all students and professionals in the field of migration, ethnicity and race in the health care context. "Bhopal's important and comprehensive Ethnicity, Race, and Health in Multicultural Societies challenges us to achieve better health for ethnic minority populations... provides critical and thought-provoking insights into public health research and clinical practice with multi-ethnic populations." - The Lancet "Professor Bhopal has produced an invaluable addition to the growing mountain of resources on ethnicity and health...One of the greatest merits of this text is that it is written by someone who has been involved in high-quality research on ethnicity and health in many contexts and for many years. The author therefore is able to draw upon first-hand experience or research with which he has been associated, as well as providing examples from other key players in the field." - Diversity in Health and Social Care