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Modelling The Flying Bird

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Modelling the Flying Bird

Modelling the Flying Bird Book
Author : C.J. Pennycuick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-08-23
ISBN : 9780080557816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book outlines the principles of flight, of birds in particular. It describes a way of simplifying the mechanics of flight into a practical computer program, which will predict in some detail what any bird, real or hypothetical, can and cannot do. The Flight program, presented on the companion website, generates performance curves for flapping and gliding flight, and simulations of long-distance migration and accounts successfully for the consumption of muscles and other tissues during migratory flights. The program is effectively a working model of a flying bird (or bat or pterosaur) and is the skeleton around which the book is built. The book provides a wider background and then explains how Flight works and shows how to set up and test hypotheses generated by the program. The book and the program are based on adapting the conventional (and well-tested) thinking of aeronautical engineers to the biological problems of bird flight. Their primary aim is to convince biologists that this is the appropriate way to handle problems that involve flight, to make the engineering background accessible to biologists, and to provide a tool kit in the shape of the Flight program, which they can use to solve practical problems involving bird flight and migration. In addition, the book will be readily accessible to engineers who want to know how birds work, and should be of interest to the ever-growing community working on flapping "micro air vehicles" (MAVs). The program can be used to predict the flight performance and capabilities of reconstructed fossil birds and pterosaurs, flying in ancient atmospheres that differ from present conditions, and also, of course, to predict and account for the results of experiments and observations on living birds and bats. * An up to date work by the world's leading expert on bird flight * Examines the biology and biomechanics of bird flight with added reference to the flight of bats and pterosaurs. * Uses proven aeronautical principles to help solve biological issues in understanding and predicting the flight capabilities of birds and other vertebrates. * Provides insights into the evolution of flight and the likely capabilities of extinct birds and reptiles. * Gives a detailed explanation of the science behind, and use of, the author's predictive bird flight simulation program - Flight - which is available on a companion website. * Presents often difficult concepts in easily understood language.

The Simple Science of Flight revised and expanded edition

The Simple Science of Flight  revised and expanded edition Book
Author : Henk Tennekes
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2009-09-04
ISBN : 0262513137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An investigation into how machines and living creatures fly, and of the similarities between butterflies and Boeings, paper airplanes and plovers. From the smallest gnat to the largest aircraft, all things that fly obey the same aerodynamic principles. In The Simple Science of Flight, Henk Tennekes investigates just how machines and creatures fly: what size wings they need, how much energy is required for their journeys, how they cross deserts and oceans, how they take off, climb, and soar. Fascinated by the similarities between nature and technology, Tennekes offers an introduction to flight that teaches by association. Swans and Boeings differ in numerous ways, but they follow the same aerodynamic principles. Biological evolution and its technical counterpart exhibit exciting parallels. What makes some airplanes successful and others misfits? Why does the Boeing 747 endure but the Concorde now seem a fluke? Tennekes explains the science of flight through comparisons, examples, equations, and anecdotes. The new edition of this popular book has been thoroughly revised and much expanded. Highlights of the new material include a description of the incredible performance of bar-tailed godwits (7,000 miles nonstop from Alaska to New Zealand), an analysis of the convergence of modern jetliners (from both Boeing and Airbus), a discussion of the metabolization of energy featuring Lance Armstrong, a novel treatment of the aerodynamics of drag and trailing vortices, and an emphasis throughout on evolution, in nature and in engineering. Tennekes draws on new evidence on bird migration, new wind-tunnel studies, and data on new airliners. And his analysis of the relative efficiency of planes, trains, and automobiles is newly relevant. (On a cost-per-seat scale, a 747 is more efficient than a passenger car.)

Birds Never Get Lost

Birds Never Get Lost Book
Author : Colin Pennycuick,Sandy Pennycuick
Publisher : Troubador Publishing
Release : 2015-10-22
ISBN : 9781785890482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Birds fly very efficiently, doing little work themselves, and gaining large amounts of energy from the atmosphere. Whether on local flights or migration, they have the freedom to fly anywhere they please. It is because of this that scientists have long been fascinated with how birds remain the ultimate aviators. Birds Never Get Lost includes reports of how bird flight has been studied in laboratories, as well as by flying with them. It also provides a comprehensive background of what distinguishes birds from other flying animals, past and present, from bats to pterosaurs.

Modelling the bird flight

Modelling the bird flight Book
Author : Sebastian Ruck,Herbert Oertel
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2011
ISBN : 3866447612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modelling the bird flight book written by Sebastian Ruck,Herbert Oertel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fantastic Press Out Flying Birds

Fantastic Press Out Flying Birds Book
Author : Richard Merrill
Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
Release : 2016-11-16
ISBN : 0486808440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Twenty-four realistic, full-color paper bird models couldn't be easier to make, and they really fly! Simply press along perforations, fold, and add a penny for weight. Includes Eastern Meadowlark, Baltimore Oriole, Western Tanager, many others.

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases X

Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases X Book
Author : Hannu Jaakkola,Hannu Kangassalo,Eiji Kawaguchi
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9789051994537
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

LISTENING TO MUSIC is designed to help develop and refine the listening skills of your students and inspire a lifelong appreciation of music. Author and award-winning scholar-teacher Craig Wright, who has taught Music Appreciation courses for more than 35 years, is consistently praised by reviewers and other professors for his unparalleled accuracy and his clear, direct, conversational style. Throughout the book, Wright connects with today's students by incorporating comparisons between pop and classical music and by using examples from popular artists to illustrate core concepts. This chronological text succinctly covers traditional Western music from medieval to modern, discussing examples from each historical period within their social contexts and the construction of each piece. Later chapters cover popular music, its impact on musical globalization, and comparisons between Western and non-Western music. LISTENING TO MUSIC is the only text that provides Craig Wright's own Listening Exercises, in the book and online, which help students focus on important musical elements and episodes. A free CD, packaged with each printed copy of the text, includes all of the musical examples for the Part 1 listening exercises. A full set of optional online student resources includes Active Listening Guides, streaming music, an interactive eBook, quizzing, and more--all to challenge your students. All of the music discussed in the text is also available on CD and on Sony Music download cards. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

The Vertebrate Integument Volume 2

The Vertebrate Integument Volume 2 Book
Author : Theagarten Lingham-Soliar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-18
ISBN : 366246005X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emphasis in this volume is on the structure and functional design of the integument. The book starts with a brief introduction to some basic principles of physics (mechanics) including Newton’s Three Laws of Motion. These principles are subsequently used to interpret the problems animals encounter in motion. It is in only the last 40 or so years that we have begun to understand how important a role the integument plays in the locomotion of many marine vertebrates. This involves the crossed-fiber architecture, which was first discovered in a classic study on nemertean worms. As a design principle we see that the crossed-fiber architecture is ubiquitous in nature. Research on some of the most dynamic marine vertebrates of the oceans – tuna, dolphins and sharks, and the extinct Jurassic ichthyosaurs – shows precisely how the crossed-fiber architecture contributes to high-speed swimming and (in lamnid sharks) may even aid in energy conservation. However, this design principle is not restricted to animals in the marine biota but is also found as far afield as the dinosaurs and, most recently, has been revealed as a major part of the microstructure of the most complex derivative of the integument, the feather. We see that a variety of phylogenetically diverse vertebrates take to the air by using skin flaps to glide from tree to tree or to the ground, and present detailed descriptions of innovations developed in pursuit of improved gliding capabilities in both extinct and modern day gliders. But the vertebrate integument had even greater things in store, namely true or flapping flight. Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to use the integument as a membrane in true flapping flight and these interesting extinct animals are discussed on the basis of past and cutting-edge research , most intriguingly with respect to the structure of the flight membrane. Bats, the only mammals that fly, also employ integumental flight membranes. Classic research on bat flight is reviewed and supplemented with the latest research, which shows the complexities of the wing beat cycle to be significantly different from that of birds, as revealed by particle image velocimetry. The book’s largest chapter is devoted to birds, given that they make up nearly half of the over 22,000 species of tetrapods. The flight apparatus of birds is unique in nature and is described in great detail, with innovative research highlighting the complexity of the flight structures, bird flight patterns, and behavior in a variety of species. This is complimented by new research on the brains of birds, which shows that they are more complex than previously thought. The feather made bird flight possible, and was itself made possible by β-keratin, contributing to what may be a unique biomechanical microstructure in nature, a topic discussed in some depth. A highly polarized subject concerns the origin of birds and of the feather. Alleged fossilized protofeathers (primal simple feathers) are considered on the basis of histological and taphonomic investigative studies in Chapter 6. Finally, in Chapter 7 we discuss the controversies associated with this field of research. Professor Theagarten Lingham-Soliar works at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth and is an Honorary Professor of Life Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Newton Rules Biology

Newton Rules Biology Book
Author : Colin J. Pennycuick
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book invites biologists to look at their science from the point of view of Newtonian physics. Because biology occupies that range of scale over which Newton's mechanics can account for physical processes to a level of precision appreciably higher than that to which biologists are accustomed, this is an exercise that can yield new insights and a fuller understanding of biological processes. Writing in a clear, accessible style, the author demonstrates the operation of physical laws at all levels, from cellular structures to entire ecosystems. In fact, although ecology might seem an unpromising field for a mechanical approach, it is here that considerations of such Newtonian concepts as mass and rates of flow are most valuable, yielding new information on the constraints to the dynamics and development of integrated systems, including those that contain human populations.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds Book
Author : J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo,William A. Buttemer,Mark A. Chappell,James T. Pearson,Claus Bech
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-04
ISBN : 0199228442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examining avian physiology in detail, this text specifically addresses the unique physiological characteristics of birds, although experimental techniques and future research directions are also considered.

Birdflight as the Basis of Aviation

Birdflight as the Basis of Aviation Book
Author : Otto Lilienthal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1911
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Birdflight as the Basis of Aviation book written by Otto Lilienthal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Building and Flying Model Aircraft

Building and Flying Model Aircraft Book
Author : Robert Schleicher,James R. Barr
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012-01-27
ISBN : 048615677X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Richly illustrated manual introduces beginners to basic aerodynamic principles and all aspects of model-building — from paint and tissue covering to radio-control flying.

On Conceptual Modelling

On Conceptual Modelling Book
Author : M.L. Brodie,J. Mylopoulos,J.W. Schmidt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461251966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing demand for systems of ever-increasing complexity and precision has stimulated the need for higher level concepts, tools, and techniques in every area of Computer Science. Some of these areas, in particular Artificial Intelligence, Databases, and Programming Lan guages, are attempting to meet this demand by defining a new, more abstract level of system description. We call this new level conceptual in recognition of its basic conceptual nature. In Artificial Intelligence, the problem of designing an expert system is seen primarily as a problem of building a knowledge base that repre sents knowledge about an enterprise. Consequently, Knowledge Repre sentation is viewed as a central issue in Artificial Intelligence research. Database design methodologies developed during the last five years are almost unanimous in offering semantic data models in terms of which the designer directly and naturally models an enterprise before proceed ing to a detailed logical and physical database design. In Programming Languages, different forms of abstraction which allow implementation independent specifications of data, functions, and control have been a major research theme for a decade. To emphasize the common goals of these three research efforts, we call this new activity conceptual modelling.

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling Book
Author : Dragutin T Mihailovic,Igor Balaž,Darko Kapor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 0444639233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time and Methods in Environmental Interfaces Modelling: Personal Insights considers the use of time in environmental interfaces modeling and introduce new methods, from the global scale (e.g. climate modeling) to the micro scale (e.g. cell and nanotubes modeling), which primarily arise from the personal research insights of the authors. As the field of environmental science requires the application of new fundamental approaches that can lead to a better understanding of environmental phenomena, this book helps necessitate new approaches in modeling, including category theory, that follow new achievements in physics, mathematics, biology, and chemistry. Includes the use of new mathematical tools, such as category theory, mathematical theory of general systems and formal concept analysis, matrix theory tools, stability analysis, and pseudospectra Presents new content related to time in relation to physics and biology Combines the word of an experienced author team with over 35 papers of collective experience

Bird Strike

Bird Strike Book
Author : Reza Hedayati,Mojtaba Sadighi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-09-06
ISBN : 0081001134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bird strikes are one of the most dangerous threats to civil and military flight safety: between 1960 and 2014, they were responsible for the destruction of approximately 150 civil aircraft and the deaths of 271 people. Bird Strike presents a summary of the damage imposed on the aviation industries by their avian counterparts. This book first presents and analyzes the statistics obtained from bird strike databases and offers various methods for minimizing the overall probability of bird-strike events. The next chapters explore how to analyze the ability of aero-engine critical structures to withstand bird-strike events by implementing reliable experimental, theoretical, and numerical methods. Finally, the book investigates the impact of bird strikes on different components of aircrafts, such as the metal fuselage, composite fuselage, engines, wings, and tail, and proposes two new bird models, with explanations of their use. Provides up-to-date information for aviation staff and researchers working on aircraft safety Offers comprehensive investigations on all the statistical, theoretical, experimental, and numerical aspects of bird strike Includes studies carried out on bird strike and provides the reader with the important findings of each paper

Biomimetics

Biomimetics Book
Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439834776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.

Bat Evolution Ecology and Conservation

Bat Evolution  Ecology  and Conservation Book
Author : Rick A. Adams,Scott C. Pedersen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-05
ISBN : 1461473977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the study of bats have changed the way we understand this illusive group of mammals. This volume consist of 25 chapters and 57 authors from around the globe all writing on the most recent finding on the evolution, ecology and conservation of bats. The chapters in this book are not intended to be exhaustive literature reviews, but instead extended manuscripts that bring new and fresh perspectives. Many chapters consist of previously unpublished data and are repetitive of new insights and understanding in bat evolution, ecology and conservation. All chapters were peer-reviewed and revised by the authors. Many of the chapters are multi-authored to provide comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the topics.

Advanced Topics on Computer Vision Control and Robotics in Mechatronics

Advanced Topics on Computer Vision  Control and Robotics in Mechatronics Book
Author : Osslan Osiris Vergara Villegas,Manuel Nandayapa,Israel Soto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-28
ISBN : 331977770X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of mechatronics (which is the synergistic combination of precision mechanical engineering, electronic control and systems thinking in the design of products and manufacturing processes) is gaining much attention in industries and academics. It was detected that the topics of computer vision, control and robotics are imperative for the successful of mechatronics systems. This book includes several chapters which report successful study cases about computer vision, control and robotics. The readers will have the latest information related to mechatronics, that contains the details of implementation, and the description of the test scenarios.

Machines Mechanism and Robotics

Machines  Mechanism and Robotics Book
Author : Rajeev Kumar,Vishal S. Chauhan,Mohammad Talha,Himanshu Pathak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-21
ISBN : 9811605505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume includes select papers presented during the 4th International and 19th National Conference on Machines and Mechanism (iNaCoMM 2019), held in Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi. It presents research on various aspects of design and analysis of machines and mechanisms by academic and industry researchers.

6th World Congress of Biomechanics WCB 2010 1 6 August 2010 Singapore

6th World Congress of Biomechanics  WCB 2010   1   6 August 2010  Singapore Book
Author : Chwee Teck Lim,James Goh Cho Hong
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-08-09
ISBN : 3642145159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics covers a wide field such as organ mechanics, tissue mechanics, cell mechanics to molecular mechanics. At the 6th World Congress of Biomechanics WCB 2010 in Singapore, authors presented the largest experimental studies, technologies and equipment. Special emphasis was placed on state-of-the-art technology and medical applications. This volume presents the Proceedings of the 6th WCB 2010 which was hold in conjunction with 14th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME) & 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Biomechanics (APBiomech). The peer reviewed scientific papers are arranged in the six themes Organ Mechanics, Tissue Mechanics, Cell Mechanics, Molecular Mechanics, Materials, Tools, Devices & Techniques, Special Topics.

Grumpy Bird

Grumpy Bird Book
Author : Jeremy Tankard
Publisher : Scholastic Inc.
Release : 2016-10-25
ISBN : 1338153560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The debut book of Jeremy Tankard's high-flying Bird series! Bird wakes up feeling grumpy. Too grumpy to eat or play -- too grumpy even to fly. "Looks like I'm walking today," says Bird. He walks past Sheep, who offers to keep him company. He walks past Rabbit, who also could use a walk. Raccoon, Beaver, and Fox join in, too. Before he knows it, a little exercise and companionship help Bird shake his bad mood. Praised by the Wall Street Journal as "comic perfection," this winsome, refreshingly original picture book is sure to help kids (and grown-ups) giggle away their grumpies, too! Bird's impeckably crafted, hilarious melodramas continue in the Grumpy Bird board book, Boo Hoo Bird, Hungry Bird, and coming in 2018, Sleepy Bird.