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Modelling Operation And Analysis Of Dc Grids

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Modeling Operation and Analysis of DC Grids

Modeling  Operation  and Analysis of DC Grids Book
Author : Alejandro Garces
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 012822102X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling, Operation, and Analysis of DC Grids presents a unified vision of direct current grids with their core analysis techniques, uniting power electronics, power systems, and multiple scales of applications. Part one presents high power applications such as HVDC transmission for wind energy, faults and protections in HVDC lines, stability analysis and inertia emulation. The second part addresses current applications in low voltage such as microgrids, power trains and aircraft applications. All chapters are self-contained with numerical and experimental analysis. Provides a unified, coherent presentation of DC grid analysis based on modern research in power systems, power electronics, microgrids and MT-HVDC transmission Covers multiple scales of applications in one location, addressing DC grids in electric vehicles, microgrids, DC distribution, multi-terminal HVDC transmission and supergrids Supported by a unified set of MATLAB and Simulink test systems designed for application scenarios

Multi terminal Direct Current Grids

Multi terminal Direct Current Grids Book
Author : Nilanjan Chaudhuri,Balarko Chaudhuri,Rajat Majumder,Amirnaser Yazdani
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-09-09
ISBN : 1118729102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A generic DC grid model that is compatible with the standard AC system stability model is presented and used to analyse the interaction between the DC grid and the host AC systems. A multi-terminal DC (MTDC) grid interconnecting multiple AC systems and offshore energy sources (e.g. wind farms) across the nations and continents would allow effective sharing of intermittent renewable resources and open market operation for secure and cost-effective supply of electricity. However, such DC grids are unprecedented with no operational experience. Despite lots of discussions and specific visions for setting up such MTDC grids particularly in Europe, none has yet been realized in practice due to two major technical barriers: Lack of proper understanding about the interaction between a MTDC grid and the surrounding AC systems. Commercial unavailability of efficient DC side fault current interruption technology for conventional voltage sourced converter systems This book addresses the first issue in details by presenting a comprehensive modeling, analysis and control design framework. Possible methodologies for autonomous power sharing and exchange of frequency support across a MTDC grid and their impact on overall stability is covered. An overview of the state-of-the-art, challenges and on-going research and development initiatives for DC side fault current interruption is also presented.

Analysis Optimization and Control of Grid Interfaced Matrix Based Isolated AC DC Converters

Analysis  Optimization and Control of Grid Interfaced Matrix Based Isolated AC DC Converters Book
Author : Jaydeep Saha
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-05
ISBN : 9811949026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents novel contributions in the development of solid-state-transformer (SST) technology both for medium-voltage (MV) and low-voltage (LV) utility grid interfaces, which can potentially augment the grid modernization process in the evolving power system paradigm. For the MV interface, a single-stage AC-DC SST submodule topology has been proposed, and its modulation and soft-switching possibilities are analysed, experimentally validated and adequately benchmarked. A control scheme with power balance capability among submodules is developed for MV grid-connected single-stage AC-DC SST for smooth operation under inevitable parameter drift scenario, and experimental validation shows excellent performance under drastic load change conditions. A novel machine learning-aided multi-objective design optimization framework for grid-connected SST is developed and experimentally validated, which equips a power electronics design engineer with meagre computational resources to find out the most optimal SST design in a convenient time-frame. This book has also contributed towards the development of dual-active-bridge (DAB)-type and non-DAB-type LV grid-interfaced isolated AC-DC converters by providing solutions to specific topology and modulation-related shortcomings in these two types of topologies. A comprehensive comparison of the DAB and non-DAB-type LVAC-LVDC converters reveals the superiority of DAB-type conversion strategy.

Grid Connected Renewable Energy Sources

Grid Connected Renewable Energy Sources Book
Author : Jesus C. Hernández
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 3036509984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of renewable energy sources (RESs) is a need of global society. This editorial, and its associated Special Issue “Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Sources”, offers a compilation of some of the recent advances in the analysis of current power systems that are composed after the high penetration of distributed generation (DG) with different RESs. The focus is on both new control configurations and on novel methodologies for the optimal placement and sizing of DG. The eleven accepted papers certainly provide a good contribution to control deployments and methodologies for the allocation and sizing of DG.

Intelligent Operation and Control in Next Generation Urban Power Grid

Intelligent Operation and Control in Next Generation Urban Power Grid Book
Author : Ke-Jun Li,Shutang You,Kaiqi Sun,Xingpeng Li,Huangqing Xiao,Zhaohao Ding
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-10-21
ISBN : 2832503101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Intelligent Operation and Control in Next Generation Urban Power Grid book written by Ke-Jun Li,Shutang You,Kaiqi Sun,Xingpeng Li,Huangqing Xiao,Zhaohao Ding, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

AC DC Hybrid Large Scale Power Grid System Protection

AC DC Hybrid Large Scale Power Grid System Protection Book
Author : Xinzhou Dong
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9811964866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

System protection is laid between the defenses for power system protective relaying and the emergency control. Under the premise of ensuring the safety of electrical equipment, it strives to ensure the safety of the system, block the chain of occurrence and growth of cascading faults, and effectively avoid the occurrence of large-scale blackout catastrophes. This book systematically elaborates on the dealing technology of a special type of fault, the "cascading fault", in the AC-DC hybrid large-scale power grid. The main contents include immunization distance protection for accident overload; distance protection that is immune to oscillation; inverter control technology to prevent long-term or continuous commutation failure; DC participation emergency power flow control technology used to share the accident transfer overload caused by inverter lockout; and overhead transmission line adaptive overload protection. The basis of English translation of this book from its Chinese original manuscript was done with the help of artificial intelligence (machine translation by the service provider DeepL.com). A subsequent human revision of the content was done by the author.

HVDC Grids

HVDC Grids Book
Author : Dirk Van Hertem,Oriol Gomis-Bellmunt,Jun Liang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-29
ISBN : 1118859154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses HVDC grids based on multi-terminal voltage-source converters (VSC), which is suitable for the connection of offshore wind farms and a possible solution for a continent wide overlay grid. HVDC Grids: For Offshore and Supergrid of the Future begins by introducing and analyzing the motivations and energy policy drives for developing offshore grids and the European Supergrid. HVDC transmission technology and offshore equipment are described in the second part of the book. The third part of the book discusses how HVDC grids can be developed and integrated in the existing power system. The fourth part of the book focuses on HVDC grid integration, in studies, for different time domains of electric power systems. The book concludes by discussing developments of advanced control methods and control devices for enabling DC grids. Presents the technology of the future offshore and HVDC grid Explains how offshore and HVDC grids can be integrated in the existing power system Provides the required models to analyse the different time domains of power system studies: from steady-state to electromagnetic transients This book is intended for power system engineers and academics with an interest in HVDC or power systems, and policy makers. The book also provides a solid background for researchers working with VSC-HVDC technologies, power electronic devices, offshore wind farm integration, and DC grid protection.

Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids

Ultra High Voltage AC DC Grids Book
Author : Zhenya Liu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 0128023600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The UHV transmission has many advantages for new power networks due to its capacity, long distance potential, high efficiency, and low loss. Development of UHV transmission technology is led by infrastructure development and renewal, as well as smart grid developments, which can use UHV power networks as the transmission backbone for hydropower, coal, nuclear power and large renewable energy bases. Over the years, State Grid Corporation of China has developed a leading position in UHV core technology R&D, equipment development, plus construction experience, standards development and operational management. SGCC built the most advanced technology 'two AC and two DC' UHV projects with the highest voltage-class and largest transmission capacity in the world, with a cumulative power transmission of 10TWh. This book comprehensively summarizes the research achievement, theoretical innovation and engineering practice in UHV power grid construction in China since 2005. It covers the key technology and parameters used in the design of the UHV transmission network, shows readers the technical problems State Grid encountered during the construction, and the solution they come up with. It also introduces key technology like UHV series compensation, DC converter valve, and the systematic standards and norms. Discusses technical characteristics and advantages of using of AC/DC transmission system Includes applications and technical standards of UHV technologies Provides insight and case studies into a technology area that is developing worldwide Introduces the technical difficulties encountered in design and construction phase and provides solutions

Advances in Engineering Research and Application

Advances in Engineering Research and Application Book
Author : Hamido Fujita,Duy Cuong Nguyen,Ngoc Pi Vu,Tien Long Banh,Hermann Horst Puta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 303004792X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Conference on Engineering Research and Applications (ICERA 2018), which took place at Thai Nguyen University of Technology, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam on December 1–2, 2018, provided an international forum to disseminate information on latest theories and practices in engineering research and applications. The conference focused on original research work in areas including Mechanical Engineering, Materials and Mechanics of Materials, Mechatronics and Micro Mechatronics, Automotive Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Information and Communication Technology. By disseminating the latest advances in the field, The Proceedings of ICERA 2018, Advances in Engineering Research and Application, helps academics and professionals alike to reshape their thinking on sustainable development.

DC Microgrids

DC Microgrids Book
Author : Nikita Gupta,Mahajan Sagar Bhaskar,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Dhafer Almakhles
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-05-26
ISBN : 1119777593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The electric grid is on the threshold of a paradigm shift. In the past few years, the picture of the grid has changed dramatically due to the introduction of renewable energy sources, advancements in power electronics, digitalization, and other factors. All these megatrends are pointing toward a new electrical system based on Direct Current (DC). DC power systems have inherent advantages of no harmonics, no reactive power, high efficiency, over the conventional AC power systems. Hence, DC power systems have become an emerging and promising alternative in various emerging applications, which include distributed energy sources like wind, solar and Energy Storage System (ESS); distribution networks; smart buildings, remote telecom systems; and transport electrification like electric vehicles (EVs) and shipboard. All these applications are designed at different voltages to meet their specific requirements individually because of the lack of standardization. Thus, the factors influencing the DC voltages and system operation needed to be surveyed and analyzed, which include voltage standards, architecture for existing and emerging applications, topologies and control strategies of power electronic interfaces, fault diagnosis and design of the protection system, optimal economical operation, and system reliability. This groundbreaking new volume presents these topics and trends of DC microgrids, bridging the research gap on DC microgrid architectures, control and protection challenges to enable wide-scale implementation of energy-efficient DC microgrids. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library.

VSC FACTS HVDC

VSC FACTS HVDC Book
Author : Enrique Acha,Pedro Roncero-Sánchez,Antonio de la Villa-Jaen,Luis M. Castro,Behzad Kazemtabrizi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-04-04
ISBN : 1118965841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative reference on the new generation of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems and their applicability within current and future power systems VSC-FACTS-HVDC and PMU: Analysis, Modelling and Simulation in Power Grids provides comprehensive coverage of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems within the context of high-voltage Smart Grids modelling and simulation. Readers are presented with an examination of the advanced computer modelling of the VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems for steady-state, optimal solutions, state estimation and transient stability analyses, including numerous case studies for the reader to gain hands-on experience in the use of models and concepts. Key features: Wide-ranging treatment of the VSC achieved by assessing basic operating principles, topology structures, control algorithms and utility-level applications. Detailed advanced models of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC equipment, suitable for a wide range of power network-wide studies, such as power flows, optimal power flows, state estimation and dynamic simulations. Contains numerous case studies and practical examples, including cases of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC systems. Includes a companion website featuring MATLAB software and Power System Computer Aided Design (PSCAD) scripts which are provided to enable the reader to gain hands-on experience. Detailed coverage of electromagnetic transient studies of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems using the de-facto industry standard PSCAD /EMTDC simulation package. An essential guide for utility engineers, academics, and research students as well as industry managers, engineers in equipment design and manufacturing, and consultants.

Microgrids and Methods of Analysis

Microgrids and Methods of Analysis Book
Author : Gevork B. Garehpetian,Hamid Reza Baghaee,Masoud M. Shabestary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-14
ISBN : 0128165855
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing penetration of distributed energy resource (DER), distributed generation (DG) and energy storage system (ESS) units in distribution grids leads to the emergence of the concepts of active distribution networks (ADNs), microgrids, and virtual power plants. Nowadays, the use of electronically-coupled distributed energy resources is of great interest that can provide the power of demand side alone or in a small electricity grid. A microgrid is a small-scale power grid in low voltage network that must be able to locally solve energy issues and enhance the flexibility and can operate either in grid-connected or islanded/autonomous mode of operation. To study them, researchers need an appropriate set of methods, software tools, analogous to those exist for large interconnected power systems. The book Microgrids and Methods of Analysis addresses systematic analysis, control/protection systems design, and optimal operation of a distribution system under high penetration of DERs analogous to those that exist for large interconnected power systems. Provides professional guidlines for system planners Explores further research, development, and optimization of existing and new microgrids Addresses analytical methods used for microgrid analysis using advanced research

AETA 2019 Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences Theory and Application

AETA 2019   Recent Advances in Electrical Engineering and Related Sciences  Theory and Application Book
Author : Dario Fernando Cortes Tobar,Vo Hoang Duy,Tran Trong Dao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-10
ISBN : 3030530213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings book features selected papers on 12 themes, including telecommunication, power systems, digital signal processing, robotics, control systems, renewable energy, power electronics, soft computing and more. Covering topics such as optoelectronic oscillator at S-band and C-band for 5G telecommunications, neural networks identification of eleven types of faults in high voltage transmission lines, cyber-attack mitigation on smart low voltage distribution grids, optimum load of a piezoelectric-based energy harvester, the papers present interesting ideas and state-of-the-art overviews.

Low power HF Microelectronics

Low power HF Microelectronics Book
Author : Gerson A. S. Machado
Publisher : IET
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780852968741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together innovative modelling, simulation and design techniques in CMOS, SOI, GaAs and BJT to achieve successful high-yield manufacture for low-power, high-speed and reliable-by-design analogue and mixed-mode integrated systems.

Power Systems Modelling and Fault Analysis

Power Systems Modelling and Fault Analysis Book
Author : Nasser Tleis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 0128151188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Power Systems Modelling and Fault Analysis: Theory and Practice, Second Edition, focuses on the important core areas and technical skills required for practicing electrical power engineers. Providing a comprehensive and practical treatment of the modeling of electrical power systems, the book offers students and professionals the theory and practice of fault analysis of power systems, covering detailed and advanced theories and modern industry practices. The book describes relevant advances in the industry, such as international standards developments and new generation technologies, such as wind turbine generators, fault current limiters, multi-phase fault analysis, the measurement of equipment parameters, probabilistic short-circuit analysis, and more. Includes a fully up-to-date guide to the analysis and practical troubleshooting of short-circuit faults in electricity utilities and industrial power systems Presents sections on generators, transformers, substations, overhead powerlines and industrial systems Covers best-practice techniques, safety issues, power system planning and economics

Distributed Energy Systems

Distributed Energy Systems Book
Author : Ashutosh K. Giri,Sabha Raj Arya,Dmitri Vinnikov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-12-30
ISBN : 1000823377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the insight of various topology and control algorithms used for power control in distributed energy power conversion systems such as solar, wind, and other power sources. It covers traditional and advanced control algorithms of power filtering including modelling and simulations, and hybrid power generation systems. The adaptive control, model predictive control, fuzzy-based controllers, Artificial Intelligence-based control algorithm, and optimization techniques application for estimating the error regulator gains are discussed. Features of this book include the following: Covers the schemes for power quality enhancement, and voltage and frequency control. Provides complete mathematical modelling and simulation results of the various configurations of the renewable energy-based distribution systems. Includes design, control, and experimental results. Discusses mathematical modelling of classical and adaptive control techniques. Explores recent application of control algorithm and power conversion. This book is aimed at researchers, professionals, and graduate students in power electronics, distributed power generation systems, control engineering, Artificial Intelligent-based control algorithms, optimization techniques, and renewable energy systems.

Fault Analysis and its Impact on Grid connected Photovoltaic Systems Performance

Fault Analysis and its Impact on Grid connected Photovoltaic Systems Performance Book
Author : Ahteshamul Haque,Saad Mekhilef
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-12-20
ISBN : 1119873754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A thorough and authoritative discussion of how to use fault analysis to prevent grid failures In Fault Analysis and its Impact on Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems Performance, a team of distinguished engineers delivers an insightful and concise analysis of how engineers can use fault analysis to estimate and ensure reliability in grid-connected photovoltaic systems. The editors explore how failure data can be used to identify how power electronics-based power systems operate and how they can help to perform risk analysis and reduce the likelihood and frequency of failure. The book explains how to apply different fault detection techniques—including signal and image processing, fault tolerant approaches—and explores the impact of faults in grid-connected photovoltaic systems. It offers contributions from noted experts in the field and is fully updated to include the latest technologies and approaches. Readers will also find: A failure mode effect classification approach for distributed generation systems and their components Explanations of advanced machine learning approaches with significant market potential and real-world relevance A consideration of the issues pertaining to the integration of power electronics converters with distributed generation systems in grid-connected environments Treatments of IoT-based monitoring, ageing detection for capacitors, image and signal processing approaches, and standards for failure modes and criticality analyses Perfect for manufacturers and engineers working in the power electronics-based power system and smart grid sectors, Fault Analysis and its Impact on Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems Performance will also earn a place in the libraries of distributed generation companies facing issues in operation and maintenance.

VSC FACTS HVDC

VSC FACTS HVDC Book
Author : Enrique Acha,Pedro Roncero-Sánchez,Antonio de la Villa-Jaen,Luis M. Castro,Behzad Kazemtabrizi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-04-01
ISBN : 1118965809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative reference on the new generation of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems and their applicability within current and future power systems VSC-FACTS-HVDC and PMU: Analysis, Modelling and Simulation in Power Grids provides comprehensive coverage of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems within the context of high-voltage Smart Grids modelling and simulation. Readers are presented with an examination of the advanced computer modelling of the VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems for steady-state, optimal solutions, state estimation and transient stability analyses, including numerous case studies for the reader to gain hands-on experience in the use of models and concepts. Key features: Wide-ranging treatment of the VSC achieved by assessing basic operating principles, topology structures, control algorithms and utility-level applications. Detailed advanced models of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC equipment, suitable for a wide range of power network-wide studies, such as power flows, optimal power flows, state estimation and dynamic simulations. Contains numerous case studies and practical examples, including cases of multi-terminal VSC-HVDC systems. Includes a companion website featuring MATLAB software and Power System Computer Aided Design (PSCAD) scripts which are provided to enable the reader to gain hands-on experience. Detailed coverage of electromagnetic transient studies of VSC-FACTS and VSC-HVDC systems using the de-facto industry standard PSCAD /EMTDC simulation package. An essential guide for utility engineers, academics, and research students as well as industry managers, engineers in equipment design and manufacturing, and consultants.

Power Flow Modelling of HVDC Transmission Systems

Power Flow Modelling of HVDC Transmission Systems Book
Author : Shagufta Khan,Suman Bhowmick
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2023-01-10
ISBN : 1000655032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals exclusively with the power-flow modelling of HVDC transmission systems. Different types of HVDC transmission systems, their configurations/connections and control techniques are covered in detail. Power-Flow modelling of both LCC- and VSC-based HVDC systems is covered in this book. Both the unified and the sequential power-flow methods are addressed. DC grid power-flow controllers and renewable energy resources like offshore wind farms (OWFs) are also incorporated into the power-flow models of VSC-HVDC systems. The effects of the different power-flow methods and HVDC control strategies on the power-flow convergence are detailed along with their implementation. Features: Introduces the power-flow concept and develops the power-flow models of integrated AC/DC systems. Different types of converter control are modelled into the integrated AC/DC power-flow models developed. Both unified and the sequential power-flow methods are addressed. DC grid power-flow controllers like the IDCPFC and renewable energy resources like offshore wind farms (OWFs) are introduced and subsequently modelled into the power-flow algorithms. Integrated AC/DC power-flow models developed are validated by implementation in the IEEE 300-bus and European 1354-bus test networks incorporating different HVDC grids. This book aims at researchers and graduate students in Electrical Engineering, Power Systems, and HVDC Transmission.

Urban DC Microgrid

Urban DC Microgrid Book
Author : Manuela Sechilariu,Fabrice Locment
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-05-10
ISBN : 0128037873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban DC Microgrid: Intelligent Control and Power Flow Optimization focuses on microgrids for urban areas, particularly associated with building-integrated photovoltaic and renewable sources. This book describes the most important problems of DC microgrid application, with grid-connected and off-grid operating modes, aiming to supply DC building distribution networks. The book considers direct current (DC) microgrid to supply DC building distribution networks for positive energy buildings; dynamic interactions with the utility grid based on communication with the smart grid; supervisory control systems; and energy management. The global power system is exposed and the DC microgrid system is presented and analyzed with results and discussion, highlighting both the advantages and limitations of the concept. Coverage at the system level of microgrid control as well as the various technical aspects of the power system components make this a book interesting to academic researchers, industrial energy researchers, electrical power and power system professionals. Provides a strong overview of microgrid modelling Describes the most important problems of DC microgrid application, with grid-connected and off-grid operating modes, aiming to supply DC building distribution networks Offers experimental problem examples and results Includes supervisory control and energy management