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Modelling Of Nuclear Reactor Multi Physics

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Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multi physics

Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multi physics Book
Author : Christophe Demazière
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-19
ISBN : 012815070X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modelling of Nuclear Reactor Multiphysics: From Local Balance Equations to Macroscopic Models in Neutronics and Thermal-Hydraulics is an accessible guide to the advanced methods used to model nuclear reactor systems. The book addresses the frontier discipline of neutronic/thermal-hydraulic modelling of nuclear reactor cores, presenting the main techniques in a generic manner and for practical reactor calculations. The modelling of nuclear reactor systems is one of the most challenging tasks in complex system modelling, due to the many different scales and intertwined physical phenomena involved. The nuclear industry as well as the research institutes and universities heavily rely on the use of complex numerical codes. All the commercial codes are based on using different numerical tools for resolving the various physical fields, and to some extent the different scales, whereas the latest research platforms attempt to adopt a more integrated approach in resolving multiple scales and fields of physics. The book presents the main algorithms used in such codes for neutronic and thermal-hydraulic modelling, providing the details of the underlying methods, together with their assumptions and limitations. Because of the rapidly expanding use of coupled calculations for performing safety analyses, the analysists should be equally knowledgeable in all fields (i.e. neutron transport, fluid dynamics, heat transfer). The first chapter introduces the book’s subject matter and explains how to use its digital resources and interactive features. The following chapter derives the governing equations for neutron transport, fluid transport, and heat transfer, so that readers not familiar with any of these fields can comprehend the book without difficulty. The book thereafter examines the peculiarities of nuclear reactor systems and provides an overview of the relevant modelling strategies. Computational methods for neutron transport, first at the cell and assembly levels, then at the core level, and for one-/two-phase flow transport and heat transfer are treated in depth in respective chapters. The coupling between neutron transport solvers and thermal-hydraulic solvers for coarse mesh macroscopic models is given particular attention in a dedicated chapter. The final chapter summarizes the main techniques presented in the book and their interrelation, then explores beyond state-of-the-art modelling techniques relying on more integrated approaches. Covers neutron transport, fluid dynamics, and heat transfer, and their interdependence, in one reference Analyses the emerging area of multi-physics and multi-scale reactor modelling Contains 71 short videos explaining the key concepts and 77 interactive quizzes allowing the readers to test their understanding

Multi Physics Approach to the Modelling and Analysis of Molten Salt Reactors

Multi Physics Approach to the Modelling and Analysis of Molten Salt Reactors Book
Author : Antonio Cammi,Lelio Luzzi,Valentino Di Marcello
Publisher : Nova Science Publishers
Release : 2012-02-01
ISBN : 9781614701576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-Physics Modelling (MPM) is an innovative simulation technique that looks very promising for the employment in the field of nuclear engineering as an integrative analysis support in the design development of current and innovative nuclear reactors. This book presents a Multi-Physics Modelling (MPM) approach to the analysis of nuclear reactor core behaviour, developed to study the coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics. Reference is made to the Molten Salt Reactor, one of the innovative nuclear systems under development in the framework of the Generation IV International Forum, but the same methodology can be applied to other reactor systems.

Nuclear Reactor Multi physics Simulations with Coupled MCNP5 and STAR CCM

Nuclear Reactor Multi physics Simulations with Coupled MCNP5 and STAR CCM  Book
Author : Jeffrey N. Cardoni
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The MCNP5 Monte Carlo particle transport code has been coupled to the computational fluid dynamics code, STAR-CCM+, to provide a high fidelity multi-physics simulation tool for analyzing the steady state properties of a PWR core. The codes are executed separately and coupled externally through a Perl script. The Perl script automates the exchange of temperature, density, and volumetric heating information between the codes using ASCII text data files. Fortran90 and Java utility programs the assist job automation with data post-processing and file management. The MCNP5 utility code, MAKXSF, pre-generates temperature dependent cross section libraries for the thermal feedback calculations. The MCNP50́3STAR-CCM+ coupled simulation tool, dubbed MULTINUKE, is applied to two steady state, PWR models to demonstrate its usage and capabilities. The first demonstration model, a single fuel element surrounded by water, consists of 9,984 CFD cells and 7,489 neutronic cells. The second model is a 3 x 3 PWR lattice model, consisting of 89,856 CFD cells and 67,401 neutronic cells. Fission energy deposition (fission and prompt gamma heating) is tallied over all UO2 cells in the models using the F7:N tally in MCNP5. The demonstration calculations show reasonable results that agree with PWR values typically reported in literature. Temperature and fission reaction rate distributions are realistic and intuitive. Reactivity coefficients are also deemed reasonable in comparison to historically reported data. Mesh count is held to a minimum in both models to expedite computation time on a 2.8 GHz quad core machine with 1 GB RAM. The simulations on a quad core machine indicate that a massively parallelized implementation of MULTINUKE could be used to assess larger multi-million cell models with more complicated, time-dependent neutronic and thermal-hydraulic feedback effects.

Experimental Nuclear Reactor Analysis

Experimental Nuclear Reactor Analysis Book
Author : Antonio Cammi,Andrea Borio di Tigliole
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 9780128185902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experimental Nuclear Reactor Analysis: Theory, Numerical Models and Experimental Analysis presents a consolidated resource on reactor analysis, comprising theoretical concepts of reactor physics, dynamics and thermal-hydraulics. Each element is applied to predict the behaviour of the TRIGA test reactor and its validation with the experimental data. Edited by Dr. Antonio Cammi and written by a team of expert contributors, this book is divided into three parts which provide the reader with a very thorough understanding of the different facets of nuclear reactor analysis. Part one presents various theoretical aspects which are required for the development of a computational model and experimental activities such as nuclear reactor physics, dynamics and control, and nuclear thermal hydraulics. The second part considers the concepts discussed in the first part, but applies them to develop computational tools for modelling the thermal-hydraulic and neutronic behaviour of reactors. The third part explores experiments designed to verify the results of computational models presented, along with a detailed description and analysis of the obtained results. This book serves as a complete guide to reactor analysis providing important theoretical background followed by a more advanced exploration and analysis of the experimental procedure and applications. Where readers do not have access to a test facility, the knowledge and practical understanding obtained from this book will ensure they are equipped with a very detailed insight and understanding of experimental reactor analysis, ready to apply to their own research and professional projects. Includes coverage of the computational models for the prediction of nuclear reactor neutronics and thermal-hydraulics Presents a description of experimental setup and procedure using TRIGA reactor and detailed analysis of obtained results and validation of computational predictions Contains exercises and applications throughout to deepen knowledge and understanding

Neutronic Analysis For Nuclear Reactor Systems

Neutronic Analysis For Nuclear Reactor Systems Book
Author : Bahman Zohuri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-01
ISBN : 3319429647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the entire spectrum of the science and technology of nuclear reactor systems, from underlying physics, to next generation system applications and beyond. Beginning with neutron physics background and modeling of transport and diffusion, this self-contained learning tool progresses step-by-step to discussions of reactor kinetics, dynamics, and stability that will be invaluable to anyone with a college-level mathematics background wishing to develop an understanding of nuclear power. From fuels and reactions to full systems and plants, the author provides a clear picture of how nuclear energy works, how it can be optimized for safety and efficiency, and why it is important to the future.

Nuclear Reactor Multiphysics Via Bond Graph Formalism

Nuclear Reactor Multiphysics Via Bond Graph Formalism Book
Author : Eugeny Sosnovsky,Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling nuclear reactor multiphysics problems using bond graphs. Conventional multiphysics simulation paradigms normally use operator splitting, which treats the individual physics separately and exchanges the information at every time step. This approach has limited accuracy, and so recently, there has been an increased interest in fully coupled physics simulation. The bond graph formalism has recently been suggested as a potential paradigm for reactor multiphysics simulation; this work develops the tools necessary to utilize bond graphs for practical transient reactor analysis. The bond graph formalism was first introduced to solve the multiphysics problem in electromechanical systems. Over the years, it has been used in many fields including nuclear engineering, but with limited scope due to its perceived impracticality in large systems. Bond graph formalism works by first representing a discretized multiphysics system using a group of graph elements, connected with bonds; the bonds transport conserved quantities, and the elements impose the relations between them. The representation can be automatically converted into a state derivative vector, which can be integrated in time. In an earlier work, the bond graph formalism was first applied to neutron diffusion, and coupled to diffusive heat transfer in a 1D slab reactor. In this work, methods are developed to represent, using bond graphs, 2D and 3D multigroup neutron diffusion with precursors, nonlinear point kinetics, and basic nearly-incompressible 1D flow for fully coupled reactor simulation. High-performance, matrix-based bond graph processing methods were developed to support the simulation of medium- and large-scale problems. A pressurized water reactor point kinetics, single-channel rod ejection benchmark problem was used to verify the nonlinear point kinetics representation. 2D and 3D boiling water reactor control blade drop problems were also successfully simulated with the matrix-based bond graph processing code. The code demonstrated 3rd-order convergence in time, a very desirable property of fully coupled time integrators.

Osiris

Osiris Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To meet the simulation needs of the GNEP program, LLNL is leveraging a suite of high-performance codes to be used in the development of a multi-physics tool for modeling nuclear reactor cores. The Osiris code project, which began last summer, is employing modern computational science techniques in the development of the individual physics modules and the coupling framework. Initial development is focused on coupling thermal-hydraulics and neutral-particle transport, while later phases of the project will add thermal-structural mechanics and isotope depletion. Osiris will be applicable to the design of existing and future reactor systems through the use of first-principles, coupled physics models with fine-scale spatial resolution in three dimensions and fine-scale particle-energy resolution. Our intent is to replace an existing set of legacy, serial codes which require significant approximations and assumptions, with an integrated, coupled code that permits the design of a reactor core using a first-principles physics approach on a wide range of computing platforms, including the world's most powerful parallel computers. A key research activity of this effort deals with the efficient and scalable coupling of physics modules which utilize rather disparate mesh topologies. Our approach allows each code module to use a mesh topology and resolution that is optimal for the physics being solved, and employs a mesh-mapping and data-transfer module to effect the coupling. Additional research is planned in the area of scalable, parallel thermal-hydraulics, high-spatial-accuracy depletion and coupled-physics simulation using Monte Carlo transport.

Science Based Integrated Approach to Advanced Nuclear Fuel Development Integrated Multi scale Multi physics Hierarchical Modeling and Simulation Framework Part III

Science Based Integrated Approach to Advanced Nuclear Fuel Development   Integrated Multi scale Multi physics Hierarchical Modeling and Simulation Framework Part III Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancing the performance of Light Water Reactors, Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles, and Advanced Reactors, such as the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants, requires enhancing our fundamental understanding of fuel and materials behavior under irradiation. The capability to accurately model the nuclear fuel systems to develop predictive tools is critical. Not only are fabrication and performance models needed to understand specific aspects of the nuclear fuel, fully coupled fuel simulation codes are required to achieve licensing of specific nuclear fuel designs for operation. The backbone of these codes, models, and simulations is a fundamental understanding and predictive capability for simulating the phase and microstructural behavior of the nuclear fuel system materials and matrices. In this paper we review the current status of the advanced modeling and simulation of nuclear reactor cladding, with emphasis on what is available and what is to be developed in each scale of the project, how we propose to pass information from one scale to the next, and what experimental information is required for benchmarking and advancing the modeling at each scale level.

Physics of Nuclear Reactors

Physics of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : P. Mohanakrishnan,Om Pal Singh,K. Umasankari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 0128224428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of nuclear reactor physics. Editors P. Mohanakrishnan, Om Pal Singh, and Kannan Umasankari and a team of expert contributors combine their knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles, and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. The book also includes radiation physics, shielding techniques and an analysis of shield design, neutron monitoring and core operations. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics, thus enabling them to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyzes their status and challenges before providing possible worked-through solutions. Cover image: Kaiga Atomic Power Station Units 1 – 4, Karnataka, India. In 2018, Unit 1 of the Kaiga Station surpassed the world record of continuous operation, at 962 days. Image courtesy of DAE, India. Includes methods for solving neutron transport problems, nuclear cross-section data and solutions of transport theory Dedicates a chapter to reactor safety that covers mitigation, probabilistic safety assessment and uncertainty analysis Covers experimental and operational physics with details on noise analysis and failed fuel detection

Methods for Including Multiphysics Feedback in Monte Carlo Reactor Physics Calculations

Methods for Including Multiphysics Feedback in Monte Carlo Reactor Physics Calculations Book
Author : Matthew Shawn Ellis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to model and simulate nuclear reactors during steady state and transient conditions is important for designing efficient and safe nuclear power systems. The accurate simulation of a nuclear reactor is particularly challenging because the multiple physical processes within the reactor are tightly coupled, which requires that the numerical methods used to resolve each physical process can accurately and efficiently transfer and utilize data from other applications. Monte Carlo methods are desirable for solving the neutron transport equation required in reactor analysis because of the inherent accuracy of the method, but the Computational Solid Geometry (CSG) representation of the physical geometry makes it difficult to accurately and efficiently perform multiphysics reactor analyses with other applications that utilize finite element or finite volume representations. To address this limitation, a multiphysics coupling framework that minimizes the need for spatial discretization in the Monte Carlo geometry is presented in this thesis. The coupling framework uses Functional Expansion Tallies to transfer multiphysics information from the Monte Carlo application to other multiphysics tools. Additionally, the coupling framework uses a modified method for transporting neutrons through spatially continuous total macroscopic cross section distributions in order to incorporate continuous multiphysics feedback fields such as fuel temperature and coolant density into the Monte Carlo simulation. It has been shown that separable Zernike and Legendre Function Expansion Tallies can effectively reconstruct a continuous distribution of fission power density. Additionally, using a prototypical three-dimensional Light Water Reactor pin cell, the method used to transport neutrons through a continuously varying fuel temperature and coolant density distribution was shown to be 1.7 times faster than a comparable discretized simulation with volume-averaged properties, while still providing a high level of accuracy. Finally, in order to make the overall multiphysics coupling scheme useful for reactor analyses, a novel spatially continuous depletion methodology was developed and investigated. With the spatially continuous depletion methodology, number densities can be represented as a linear combination of polynomials, and those polynomial representations can be integrated through time to predict reactor operation. The spatially continuous depletion methodology was able to accurately predict the eigenvalue and number density distributions in a two-dimensional LWR pin cell depletion containing Gd-157 from a 2 weight percent GdO2 and seven other nuclides in the depletion matrix. Analyses of the spatially continuous depletion methodology showed that significant reductions in the number of tallied values could be achieved if polynomial representations were optimized for each nuclide reaction rate. From the depletion simulations in this thesis, a 23% reduction in the required number of reaction rate tallies compared to a lower-fidelity, 10 radial ring pin discretization was shown to be achievable with nuclide polynomial optimization. In addition to showing potential for reductions in tally memory and computational requirements, the spatially continuous depletion simulation was shown to be equal in computational performance to a discrete simulation with 10 radial rings and 8 azimuthal cuts, while providing a much higher level of spatial fidelity in number density concentrations.

Investigation of Bond Graphs for Nuclear Reactor Simulations

Investigation of Bond Graphs for Nuclear Reactor Simulations Book
Author : Eugeny Sosnovsky
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling multiphysics nuclear reactor problems using bond graphs. The conventional method of modeling the coupled multiphysics transients in nuclear reactors is operator splitting, which treats the single physics individually and exchanges the information at every time step. This approach has limited accuracy, and so there is interest in the development of methods for fully coupled physics simulation. The bond graph formalism was first introduced to solve the multiphysics problem in electromechanical systems. Over the years, it has been used in many fields including nuclear engineering, but with limited scope due to its perceived impracticality in large systems. In this work, the bond graph formalism is for the first time applied to neutron transport, and coupled to heat transfer in a nuclear reactor. Fully coupled 1D diffusion reaction model is derived using bond graphs, and the transient solution obtained using a proof-of-concept bond graph processing code. The bond graph-based approach to coupled nuclear reactor simulation was shown to be accurate and stable. Suggestions are made for the expansion of the approach to larger problems and higher fidelity simulations.

High Resolution Numerical Methods for Coupled Non linear Multi physics Simulations with Applications in Reactor Analysis

High Resolution Numerical Methods for Coupled Non linear Multi physics Simulations with Applications in Reactor Analysis Book
Author : Vijay Subramaniam Mahadevan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The modeling of nuclear reactors involves the solution of a multi-physics problem with widely varying time and length scales. This translates mathematically to solving a system of coupled, non-linear, and stiff partial differential equations (PDEs). Multi-physics applications possess the added complexity that most of the solution fields participate in various physics components, potentially yielding spatial and/or temporal coupling errors. This dissertation deals with the verification aspects associated with such a multi-physics code, i.e., the substantiation that the mathematical description of the multi-physics equations are solved correctly (both in time and space). Conventional paradigms used in reactor analysis problems employed to couple various physics components are often non-iterative and can be inconsistent in their treatment of the non-linear terms. This leads to the usage of smaller time steps to maintain stability and accuracy requirements, thereby increasing the overall computational time for simulation. The inconsistencies of these weakly coupled solution methods can be overcome using tighter coupling strategies and yield a better approximation to the coupled non-linear operator, by resolving the dominant spatial and temporal scales involved in the multi-physics simulation. A multi-physics framework, KARMA (K(c)ode for Analysis of Reactor and other Multi-physics Applications), is presented. KARMA uses tight coupling strategies for various physical models based on a Matrix-free Nonlinear-Krylov (MFNK) framework in order to attain high-order spatio-temporal accuracy for all solution fields in amenable wall clock times, for various test problems. The framework also utilizes traditional loosely coupled methods as lower-order solvers, which serve as efficient preconditioners for the tightly coupled solution. Since the software platform employs both lower and higher-order coupling strategies, it can easily be used to test and evaluate different coupling strategies and numerical methods and to compare their efficiency for problems of interest. Multi-physics code verification efforts pertaining to reactor applications are described and associated numerical results obtained using the developed multi-physics framework are provided. The versatility of numerical methods used here for coupled problems and feasibility of general non-linear solvers with appropriate physics-based preconditioners in the KARMA framework offer significantly efficient techniques to solve multi-physics problems in reactor analysis.

Verification Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of Multi Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors

Verification  Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of Multi Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Maria Avramova,Kostadin Ivanov
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Series in
Release : 2018-09-15
ISBN : 9780128149546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification in Multi-Physics Modeling of Nuclear Reactors is a key reference for those tasked with ensuring the credibility and reliability of engineering models and simulations for the nuclear industry and nuclear energy research. Sections discuss simulation challenges and revise key definitions, concepts and terminology. Chapters cover solution verification, the frontier discipline of multi-physics coupling verification, model validation and its applications to single and multi-scale models, and uncertainty quantification. This essential guide will greatly assist engineers, scientists, regulators and students in applying rigorous verification, validation and uncertainty quantification methodologies to the M&S tools used in the industry. The book contains a strong focus on the verification and validation procedures required for the emerging multi-physics M&S tools that have great potential for use in the licensing of new reactors, as well as for power uprating and life extensions of operating reactors. Uniquely--and crucially for nuclear engineers--demonstrates the application of verification, validation and uncertainty methodologies to the modeling and simulation (M&S) of nuclear reactors Equips the reader to develop a rigorously defensible validation process irrespective of the particular M&S tool used Brings the audience up-to-speed on validation methods for traditional M&S tools Extends the discussion to the emerging area of validation of multi-physics and multi-scale nuclear reactor simulations

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment Book
Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081023375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors

Thermal Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Bahman Zohuri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 3319538292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised text covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics required to understand electrical power generation systems and the application of these principles to nuclear reactor power plant systems. The book begins with fundamental definitions of units and dimensions, thermodynamic variables and the Laws of Thermodynamics progressing to sections on specific applications of the Brayton and Rankine cycles for power generation and projected reactor systems design issues. It is not a traditional general thermodynamics text, per se, but a practical thermodynamics volume intended to explain the fundamentals and apply them to the challenges facing actual nuclear power plants systems, where thermal hydraulics comes to play. There have been significant new findings for intercooled systems since the previous edition published and they will be included in this volume. New technology plans for using a Nuclear Air-Brayton as a storage system for a low carbon grid are presented along with updated component sizes and performance criteria for Small Modular Reactors. Written in a lucid, straight-forward style while retaining scientific rigor, the content is accessible to upper division undergraduate students and aimed at practicing engineers in nuclear power facilities and engineering scientists and technicians in industry, academic research groups, and national laboratories. The book is also a valuable resource for students and faculty in various engineering programs concerned with nuclear reactors.

Physics based Multiscale Coupling for Full Core Nuclear Reactor Simulation

Physics based Multiscale Coupling for Full Core Nuclear Reactor Simulation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Numerical simulation of nuclear reactors is a key technology in the quest for improvements in efficiency, safety, and reliability of both existing and future reactor designs. Historically, simulation of an entire reactor was accomplished by linking together multiple existing codes that each simulated a subset of the relevant multiphysics phenomena. Recent advances in the MOOSE (Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment) framework have enabled a new approach: multiple domain-specific applications, all built on the same software framework, are efficiently linked to create a cohesive application. This is accomplished with a flexible coupling capability that allows for a variety of different data exchanges to occur simultaneously on high performance parallel computational hardware. Examples based on the KAIST-3A benchmark core, as well as a simplified Westinghouse AP-1000 configuration, demonstrate the power of this new framework for tackling--in a coupled, multiscale manner--crucial reactor phenomena such as CRUD-induced power shift and fuel shuffle. 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-SA license.

OpenFOAM

OpenFOAM   Book
Author : J. Miguel Nóbrega,Hrvoje Jasak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-24
ISBN : 3319608460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains selected papers of the 11th OpenFOAM® Workshop that was held in Guimarães, Portugal, June 26 - 30, 2016. The 11th OpenFOAM® Workshop had more than 140 technical/scientific presentations and 30 courses, and was attended by circa 300 individuals, representing 180 institutions and 30 countries, from all continents. The OpenFOAM® Workshop provided a forum for researchers, industrial users, software developers, consultants and academics working with OpenFOAM® technology. The central part of the Workshop was the two-day conference, where presentations and posters on industrial applications and academic research were shown. OpenFOAM® (Open Source Field Operation and Manipulation) is a free, open source computational toolbox that has a larger user base across most areas of engineering and science, from both commercial and academic organizations. As a technology, OpenFOAM® provides an extensive range of features to solve anything from complex fluid flows involving chemical reactions, turbulence and heat transfer, to solid dynamics and electromagnetics, among several others. Additionally, the OpenFOAM technology offers complete freedom to customize and extend its functionalities.

Low order Multiphysics Coupling Techniques for Nuclear Reactor Applications

Low order Multiphysics Coupling Techniques for Nuclear Reactor Applications Book
Author : Erik Daniel Walker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The accurate modeling and simulation of nuclear reactor designs depends greatly on the ability to couple differing sets of physics together. Current coupling techniques most often use a fixed-point, or Picard, iteration scheme in which each set of physics is solved separately, and the resulting solutions are passed between each solver. In the work presented here, two different coupling techniques are investigated: a Jacobian-Free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) approach and a new methodology called Coarse Mesh Finite Difference Coupling (CMFD-Coupling). What both of these techniques have in common is that they are applied to the low-order CMFD system of equations. This allows for the multiphysics feedback effects to be captured on the low-order system without having to perform a neutron transport solve.The JFNK and CMFD-Coupling approaches were implemented in the MPACT (Michigan Parallel Analysis based on Characteristic Tracing) neutron transport code, which is being developed for the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL). These methods were tested on a wide range of practical reactor physics problems, from a 2D pin cell to a massively parallel 3D full core problem. Initially, JFNK was implemented only as an eigenvalue solver without any feedback enabled. However this led to greatly increased runtimes without any obvious benefit. When multiphysics problems were investigated with both JFNK and CMFD-Coupling, it was concluded that CMFD-Coupling outperformed JFNK in terms of both accuracy and runtime for every problem. When applied to large full core problems with multiple sources of strong feedback enabled, CMFD-Coupling reduced the overall number of transport sweeps required for convergence.

Multi physics Approach to the Modelling and Analysis of Molten Salt Reactors

Multi physics Approach to the Modelling and Analysis of Molten Salt Reactors Book
Author : Lelio Luzzi,Valentino Di Marcello,Antonio Cammi
Publisher : Nova Novinka
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781614700005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-Physics Modelling (MPM) is an innovative simulation technique that looks very promising for the employment in the field of nuclear engineering as an integrative analysis support in the design development of current and innovative nuclear reactors. This book presents a Multi-Physics Modelling (MPM) approach to the analysis of nuclear reactor core behaviour, developed to study the coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics. Reference is made to the Molten Salt Reactor, one of the innovative nuclear systems under development in the framework of the Generation IV International Forum, but the same methodology can be applied to other reactor systems.

Specification of the Advanced Burner Test Reactor Multi Physics Coupling Demonstration Problem

Specification of the Advanced Burner Test Reactor Multi Physics Coupling Demonstration Problem Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This document specifies the multi-physics nuclear reactor demonstration problem using the SHARP software package developed by NEAMS. The SHARP toolset simulates the key coupled physics phenomena inside a nuclear reactor. The PROTEUS neutronics code models the neutron transport within the system, the Nek5000 computational fluid dynamics code models the fluid flow and heat transfer, and the DIABLO structural mechanics code models structural and mechanical deformation. The three codes are coupled to the MOAB mesh framework which allows feedback from neutronics, fluid mechanics, and mechanical deformation in a compatible format.