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Modelling Of Flow And Transport In Fractal Porous Media

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Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media

Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media Book
Author : Jianchao Cai,Liehui Zhang,Wei Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-16
ISBN : 0128177985
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important resource explores recent theoretical advances and modelling on fluids transport in fractal porous systems and presents a systematic understanding of the characterization of complex microstructure and transport mechanism in fractal porous media. Modelling of Flow and Transport in Fractal Porous Media shows how fractal theory and technology, combined with other modern experiments and numerical simulation methods, will assist researchers and practitioners in modelling of transport properties of fractal porous media, such as fluid flow, heat and mass transfer, mechanical characteristics, and electrical conductivity. Presents the main methods and technologies for transport characterization of fractal porous media, including soils, reservoirs and artificial materials Provides the most recent theoretical advances in modelling of fractal porous media, including gas and vapor transport in fibrous materials, nonlinear seepage flow in hydrocarbon reservoirs, mass transfer of porous nanofibers, and fractal mechanics of unsaturated soils Includes multidisciplinary examples of applications of fractal theory to aid researchers and practitioners in characterizing various porous media structures

Handbook of Porous Media

Handbook of Porous Media Book
Author : Kambiz Vafai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-07-12
ISBN : 9780824788865
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Presents the most important and up-to-date research related to heat transfer in porous media, focusing on practical applications of the latest studies to engineering products and procedures. Includes theoretical models of fluid flow, capillary effects, application of fractal and percolation characterizing porous materials, multiphase flow and heat transfer, turbulent flow and heat transfer, improved measurement and flow visualization techniques, and enhanced design correlations."

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media Book
Author : Peng Xu,Agus P. Sasmito,Arun S. Mujumdar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-16
ISBN : 1351019201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat and Mass Transfer in Drying of Porous Media offers a comprehensive review of heat and mass transfer phenomena and mechanisms in drying of porous materials. It covers pore-scale and macro-scale models, includes various drying technologies, and discusses the drying dynamics of fibrous porous material, colloidal porous media and size-distributed particle system. Providing guidelines for mathematical modeling and design as well as optimization of drying of porous material, this reference offers useful information for researchers and students as well as engineers in drying technology, food processes, applied energy, mechanical, and chemical engineering.

Wicking in Porous Materials

Wicking in Porous Materials Book
Author : Reza Masoodi,Krishna M. Pillai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-26
ISBN : 1439874328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive presentation of wicking models developed in academia and industry, Wicking in Porous Materials: Traditional and Modern Modeling Approaches contains some of the most important approaches and methods available, from the traditional Washburn-type models to the latest Lattice-Boltzmann approaches developed during the last few years. It provides a sound conceptual framework for learning the science behind different mathematical models while at the same time being aware of the practical issues of model validation as well as measurement of important properties and parameters associated with various models. Top experts in the field reveal the secrets of their wicking models. The chapters cover the following topics: Wetting and wettability Darcy’s law for single- and multi-phase flows Traditional capillary models, such as the Washburn-equation based approaches Unsaturated-flow based methodologies (Richard’s Equation) Sharp-front (plug-flow) type approaches using Darcy’s law Pore network models for wicking after including various micro-scale fluid-flow phenomena Studying the effect of evaporation on wicking using pore network models Fractal-based methods Modeling methods based on mixture theory Lattice-Boltzmann method for modeling wicking in small scales Modeling wicking in swelling and non-rigid porous media This extensive look at the modeling of porous media compares various methods and treats traditional topics as well as modern technologies. It emphasizes experimental validation of modeling approaches as well as experimental determination of model parameters. Matching models to particular media, the book provides guidance on what models to use and how to use them.

Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media

Percolation Theory for Flow in Porous Media Book
Author : Allen Hunt,Robert Ewing,Behzad Ghanbarian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-02-04
ISBN : 3319037714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph presents, for the first time, a unified and comprehensive introduction to some of the basic transport properties of porous media, such as electrical and hydraulic conductivity, air permeability and diffusion. The approach is based on critical path analysis and the scaling of transport properties, which are individually described as functions of saturation. At the same time, the book supplies a tutorial on percolation theory for hydrologists, providing them with the tools for solving actual problems. In turn, a separate chapter serves to introduce physicists to some of the language and complications of groundwater hydrology necessary for successful modeling. The end-of-chapter problems often indicate open questions, which young researchers entering the field can readily start working on. This significantly revised and expanded third edition includes in particular two new chapters: one on advanced fractal-based models, and one devoted to the discussion of various open issues such as the role of diffusion vs. advection, preferential flow vs. critical path, universal vs. non-universal exponents for conduction, and last but not least, the overall influence of the experimental apparatus in data collection and theory validation. "The book is suitable for advanced graduate courses, with selected problems and questions appearing at the end of each chapter. [...] I think the book is an important work that will guide soil scientists, hydrologists, and physicists to gain a better qualitative and quantitative understanding of multitransport properties of soils." (Marcel G. Schaap, Soil Science Society of America Journal, May-June, 2006)

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs Book
Author : Jianchao Cai,Xiangyun Hu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-24
ISBN : 0128172894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Petrophysical Characterization and Fluids Transport in Unconventional Reservoirs presents a comprehensive look at these new methods and technologies for the petrophysical characterization of unconventional reservoirs, including recent theoretical advances and modeling on fluids transport in unconventional reservoirs. The book is a valuable tool for geoscientists and engineers working in academia and industry. Many novel technologies and approaches, including petrophysics, multi-scale modelling, rock reconstruction and upscaling approaches are discussed, along with the challenge of the development of unconventional reservoirs and the mechanism of multi-phase/multi-scale flow and transport in these structures. Includes both practical and theoretical research for the characterization of unconventional reservoirs Covers the basic approaches and mechanisms for enhanced recovery techniques in unconventional reservoirs Presents the latest research in the fluid transport processes in unconventional reservoirs

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics

Selected Topics of Computational and Experimental Fluid Mechanics Book
Author : Jaime Klapp,Gerardo Ruíz Chavarría,Abraham Medina Ovando,Abel López Villa,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-05
ISBN : 3319114875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains invited lectures and selected contributions presented at the Enzo Levi and XIX Annual Meeting of the Fluid Dynamic Division of the Mexican Physical Society in 2013. It is aimed at fourth year undergraduate and graduate students, and scientists in the fields of physics, engineering and chemistry who are interested in fluid dynamics from an experimental and theoretical point of view. The invited lectures are introductory and avoid the use of complicated mathematics. The fluid dynamics applications include multiphase flow, convection, diffusion, heat transfer, rheology, granular material, viscous flow, porous media flow, geophysics and astrophysics. The material contained in the book includes recent advances in experimental and theoretical fluid dynamics and is suitable for both teaching and research.

Flow in Porous Media

Flow in Porous Media Book
Author : J. Douglas,U. Hornung
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3034885644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Jim Douglas, Jr.' These proceedings reflect some of the thoughts expressed at the Oberwolfach Con ference on Porous Media held June 21-27, 1992, organized by Jim Douglas, Jr., Ulrich Hornung, and Cornelius J, van Duijn. Forty-five scientists attended the conference, and about thirty papers were presented. Fourteen manuscripts were submitted for the proceedings and are incorporated in this volume; they cover a number of aspects of flow and transport in porous media. Indeed, there are 223 individual references in the fourteen papers, but fewer than fifteen are cited in more than one paper. The papers appear in alphabetical order (on the basis of the first author). A brief introduction to each paper is given below. Allen and Curran consider a variety of questions related to the simulation of ground water contamination. Accurate water velocities are essential for acceptable results, and the authors apply mixed finite elements to the pressure equation to obtain these ve locities. Since fine grids are required to resolve heterogenei ties, standard iterative procedures are too slow for practical simulation; the authors introduce a parallelizable, multigrid-based it.erative scheme for the lowest order Raviart-Thomas mixed method. Contaminant transport is approximated through a finite element collocation procedure, and an alternating-direction, modified method of characteristics technique is employed to time-step the simulation. Computational experiments carried out on an nCube 2 computer.

Flow and Transport in Porous Media and Fractured Rock

Flow and Transport in Porous Media and Fractured Rock Book
Author : Muhammad Sahimi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-05-09
ISBN : 9783527636709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this standard reference of the field, theoretical and experimental approaches to flow, hydrodynamic dispersion, and miscible displacements in porous media and fractured rock are considered. Two different approaches are discussed and contrasted with each other. The first approach is based on the classical equations of flow and transport, called 'continuum models'. The second approach is based on modern methods of statistical physics of disordered media; that is, on 'discrete models', which have become increasingly popular over the past 15 years. The book is unique in its scope, since (1) there is currently no book that compares the two approaches, and covers all important aspects of porous media problems; and (2) includes discussion of fractured rocks, which so far has been treated as a separate subject. Portions of the book would be suitable for an advanced undergraduate course. The book will be ideal for graduate courses on the subject, and can be used by chemical, petroleum, civil, environmental engineers, and geologists, as well as physicists, applied physicist and allied scientists that deal with various porous media problems.

Numerical Simulation of Reactive Flow in Hot Aquifers

Numerical Simulation of Reactive Flow in Hot Aquifers Book
Author : Christoph Clauser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642556841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This product, consisting of a CD-ROM and a book, deals with the numerical simulation of reactive transport in porous media using the simulation package SHEMAT/Processing SHEMAT. SHEMAT (Simulator for HEat and MAss Transport) is an easy-to-use, general-purpose reactive transport simulation code for a wide variety of thermal and hydrogeological problems in two or three dimensions. The book is a richly documented manual for users of this software which discusses in detail the coded physical and chemical equations. Thus, it provides the in-depth background required by those who want to apply the code for solving advanced technical and scientific problems. The enclosed companion CD-ROM contains the software and data for all of the case studies. The software includes user-friendly pre- and post-processors which make it very easy to set up a model, run it and view the results, all from one platform. Therefore, the software is also very suitable for academic or technical "hands-on" courses for simulating flow, transport of heat and mass, and chemical reactions in porous media. You can find a link to the updated software on springer.com .

Analysis and Simulation of Multifield Problems

Analysis and Simulation of Multifield Problems Book
Author : Wolfgang L. Wendland,Messoud Efendiev
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-10
ISBN : 3540365273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The analysis and simulation of multifield problems have recently become one of the most actual and vivid areas of research. Although the individual subproblems of complex technical and physical phenomena often are understood separately, their interaction and coupling create not only new difficulties but also a complete new level and quality of interacting coupled field problems. Presented by leading experts this book includes recent results in these fields from the International Conference on Multifield Problems, April 8-10, 2002 at the University of Stuttgart, Germany.

Flow and Contaminant Transport in Fractured Rock

Flow and Contaminant Transport in Fractured Rock Book
Author : Jacob Bear,C-F. Tsang,Ghislain De Marsily
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080916473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past two or three decades, fractured rock domains have received increasing attention not only in reservoir engineering and hydrology, but also in connection with geological isolation of radioactive waste. Locations in both the saturated and unsaturated zones have been under consideration because such repositories are sources of heat and potential sources of groundwater contamination. Thus, in addition to the transport of mass of fluid phases in single and multiphase flow, the issues of heat transport and mass transport of components have to be addressed.

Dynamics of Fluids in Hierarchical Porous Media

Dynamics of Fluids in Hierarchical Porous Media Book
Author : John H. Cushman
Publisher :
Release : 1990
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent years have produced an explosion of research on the transport of fluid mixtures in natural, heterogeneous porous media. During this period it has become apparent that many, if not most, porous media, such as soil and geologic formations, possess a hierarchical structure. This text ties together the most recent and powerful theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying such media. It provides the stimulus necessary to bring about a successful resolution of many of the complex problems associated with transport in natural porous media--be they in a groundwater contamination or a petroleum engineering context.

Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures

Theory of Transport Properties of Semiconductor Nanostructures Book
Author : Eckehard Schöll
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-12-31
ISBN : 9780412731006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent advances in the fabrication of semiconductors have created almost un limited possibilities to design structures on a nanometre scale with extraordinary electronic and optoelectronic properties. The theoretical understanding of elec trical transport in such nanostructures is of utmost importance for future device applications. This represents a challenging issue of today's basic research since it requires advanced theoretical techniques to cope with the quantum limit of charge transport, ultrafast carrier dynamics and strongly nonlinear high-field ef fects. This book, which appears in the electronic materials series, presents an over view of the theoretical background and recent developments in the theory of electrical transport in semiconductor nanostructures. It contains 11 chapters which are written by experts in their fields. Starting with a tutorial introduction to the subject in Chapter 1, it proceeds to present different approaches to transport theory. The semiclassical Boltzmann transport equation is in the centre of the next three chapters. Hydrodynamic moment equations (Chapter 2), Monte Carlo techniques (Chapter 3) and the cellular au tomaton approach (Chapter 4) are introduced and illustrated with applications to nanometre structures and device simulation. A full quantum-transport theory covering the Kubo formalism and nonequilibrium Green's functions (Chapter 5) as well as the density matrix theory (Chapter 6) is then presented.

Computational Methods in Geosciences

Computational Methods in Geosciences Book
Author : William Edward Fitzgibbon,Mary Fanett Wheeler,Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1992-01-01
ISBN : 9780898713015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses a dozen topics related to mathematical and computational issues in geophysical fluid and solid mechanics, including local grid refinement for reservoir simulation, a method of factoring long z-transform polynomials, and the finite element modelling of surface flow problems. See entry QC155