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Modelling Degradation Of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

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Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices Book
Author : J Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1782420258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Giuseppe Perale,Jöns Hilborn
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-24
ISBN : 0081002661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioresorbable Polymers for Biomedical Applications: From Fundamentals to Translational Medicine provides readers with an overview of bioresorbable polymeric materials in the biomedical field. A useful resource for materials scientists in industry and academia, offering information on the fundamentals and considerations, synthesis and processing, and the clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Focuses on biomedical applications of bioresorbable polymers Features a comprehensive range of topics including fundamentals, synthesis, processing, and applications Provides balanced coverage of the field with contributions from academia and industry Includes clinical and R and D applications of bioresorbable polymers for biomedical applications

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers Book
Author : Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0081003935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

A Phenomenological Mathematical Modelling Framework for the Degradation of Bioresorbable Composites

A Phenomenological Mathematical Modelling Framework for the Degradation of Bioresorbable Composites Book
Author : Ismael Moreno-Gomez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-05
ISBN : 3030049906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a generalised computational model for the degradation of resorbable composites, using analytic expressions to represent the interwoven phenomena present during degradation. It then combines this modelling framework with a comprehensive database of quantitative degradation data mined from existing literature and from novel experiments, to provide new insights into the interrelated factors controlling degradation. Resorbable composites made of biodegradable polyesters and calcium-based ceramics have significant therapeutic potential as tissue engineering scaffolds, as temporary implants and as drug-loaded matrices for controlled release. However, their degradation is complex and the rate of resorption depends on multiple connected factors such as the shape and size of the device, polymer chemistry and molecular weight, particle phase, size, volume fraction, distribution and pH-dependent dissolution properties. Understanding and ultimately predicting the degradation of resorbable composites is of central importance if we are to fully unlock the promise of these materials.

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling Book
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1782423133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Medical Devices

Medical Devices Book
Author : Seeram Ramakrishna,Lingling Tian,Charlene Wang,Susan Liao,Wee Eong Teo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-08-18
ISBN : 0081002912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Devices and Regulations: Standards and Practices will shed light on the importance of regulations and standards among all stakeholders, bioengineering designers, biomaterial scientists and researchers to enable development of future medical devices. Based on the authors’ practical experience, this book provides a concise, practical guide on key issues and processes in developing new medical devices to meet international regulatory requirements and standards. Provides readers with a global perspective on medical device regulations Concise and comprehensive information on how to design medical devices to ensure they meet regulations and standards Includes a useful case study demonstrating the design and approval process

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : L Yahia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 0857097059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Materials for Biomedical Engineering Absorbable Polymers

Materials for Biomedical Engineering  Absorbable Polymers Book
Author : Alexandru Grumezescu,Valentina Grumezescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 0128184167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for Biomedical Engineering: Absorbable Polymers provides a detailed and comprehensive review of recent progress in absorbable biopolymers and their impact on biomedical engineering. The book's main focus lies in their classification, processing, properties and performance, biocompatibility, and their applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery, bone repair and regenerative medicine. The most up-to-date methods used to obtain such polymers and how to improve their properties is discussed in detail. This book provides readers with a comprehensive and updated review of the latest research in the field of absorbable polymers for biomedical applications. Provides knowledge of the range of absorbable polymers currently available, enabling the reader to make optimal materials selection decisions Presents detailed information on current and proposed applications of the latest developments Includes a strong emphasis on chemistry and physico-chemical characterization of these materials and their application in biomedical engineering

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications Book
Author : Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-23
ISBN : 1782421130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Materials and Devices for Bone Disorders

Materials and Devices for Bone Disorders Book
Author : Susmita Bose,Amit Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 0128028033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for Bone Disorders is written by a cross-disciplinary team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians and bridges the gap between materials science and bone disorders, providing integrated coverage of biomaterials and their applications. The bioceramics, biopolymers, composites, and metallic materials used in the treatment of bone disorders are introduced, as are their interactions with cells, biomolecules, and body tissues. The main types of bone disorder and disease are covered including osteoporosis, spinal injury, load bearing joint diseases, bone cancer, and forms of cranio-maxillofacial disorders. Bone disorders are common across all ages. Various forms of bone disorders can change the lifestyle of otherwise normal and healthy people. With the development of novel materials, many forms of bone disorders are becoming manageable, allowing people to lead a fairly normal life. Specific consideration is given to areas where recent advances are enabling new treatments, such as the use of resorbable ceramics in bone tissue engineering and drug delivery, newer polymer-based implants in load-bearing contexts, and engineering biomaterials surfaces including modifying surface chemistry. Ethical and regulatory issues are also explored. Explores biomaterials for bone repair and related applications in orthopedics and dentistry in a clinical context Introduces biomaterials applications in the context of specific diseases, bone disorders, and theraputic contexts Includes input from a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians Covers the main types of bone disorder and disease including osteoporosis, spinal injury, load bearing joint diseases, bone cancer, and forms of cranio-maxillofacial disorders

Biomaterials and Medical Device Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device   Associated Infections Book
Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 0857097229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices Book
Author : Stephen F. Amato,Robert M. Ezzell Jr
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0857099205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All biomaterials and medical devices are subject to a long list of regulatory practises and policies which must be adhered to in order to receive clearance. This book provides readers with information on the systems in place in the USA and the rest of the world. Chapters focus on a series of procedures and policies including topics such as commercialization, clinical development, general good practise manufacturing and post market surveillance. Addresses global regulations and regulatory issues surrounding biomaterials and medical devices Especially useful for smaller companies who may not employ a full time vigilance professional Focuses on procedures and policies including risk management, intellectual protection, marketing authorisation, university patent licenses and general good practise manufacturing

Characterisation and Design of Tissue Scaffolds

Characterisation and Design of Tissue Scaffolds Book
Author : Paul Tomlins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-30
ISBN : 1782420959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterisation and Design of Tissue Scaffolds offers scientists a useful guide on the characterization of tissue scaffolds, detailing what needs to be measured and why, how such measurements can be made, and addressing industrially important issues. Part one provides readers with information on the fundamental considerations in the characterization of tissue scaffolds, while other sections detail how to prepare tissue scaffolds, discuss techniques in characterization, and present practical considerations for manufacturers. Summarizes concepts and current practice in the characterization and design of tissue scaffolds Discusses design and preparation of scaffolds Details how to prepare tissue scaffolds, discusses techniques in characterization, and presents practical considerations for manufacturers

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Z Jin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 0857096737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System reviews how a wide range of materials are modelled and how this modelling is applied. Computational modelling is increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, as it makes it possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and wear, and allows more accurate tailoring of materials' properties for the in vivo environment. Part I introduces generic modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a chapter on the fundamentals of computational modelling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, and a further chapter on finite element modelling in the musculoskeletal system. Chapters in Part II focus on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, including cell mechanics, soft tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture processes in bones. Part III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, including fatigue of bone cement, fracture processes in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Finally, chapters in Part IV discuss applications of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, specifically hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computer aided design and finite element modelling of bone tissue scaffolds. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and mechanical engineers, and those in academia. Covers generic modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modelling for joint replacements and applications of computational modelling in tissue engineering

Biophotonics for Medical Applications

Biophotonics for Medical Applications Book
Author : Igor Meglinski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-29
ISBN : 0857096745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biophotonics for Medical Applications presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine. The book discusses the development and application of photonic techniques that aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states. Chapters cover the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine Discusses the development and application of photonic techniques which aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states Presents the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications

Hydroxyapatite HAp for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite  HAp  for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Michael Mucalo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-06
ISBN : 178242041X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications Book
Author : Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-24
ISBN : 0081007469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces Book
Author : Syam Nukavarapu,Joseph Freeman,Cato Laurencin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-04-24
ISBN : 1782423141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues is generating substantial interest within the biomedical community. Consequently, these are the most researched tissues from the regeneration point of view. Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces presents information on the fundamentals, progress and recent developments related to the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues and interfaces. This comprehensive review looks at individual tissues as well as tissue interfaces. Early chapters cover various fundamentals of biomaterials and scaffolds, types of cells, growth factors, and mechanical forces, moving on to discuss tissue-engineering strategies for bone, tendon, ligament, cartilage, meniscus, and muscle, as well as progress and advances in tissue vascularization and nerve innervation of the individual tissues. Final chapters present information on musculoskeletal tissue interfaces. Comprehensive review of the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal individual tissues and tissue interfaces Presents recent developments, fundamentals and progress in the field of engineering tissues Reviews progress and advances in tissue vascularization and innervation

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers Book
Author : Aldo R. Boccaccini,P.X. Ma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 0857097164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers comprehensively reviews the latest advances in this area rapidly evolving area of biomaterials science. Part one considers the biomaterials used for tissue engineering. It introduces the properties and processing of bioactive ceramics and glasses, as well as polymeric biomaterials, particularly biodegradable polymer phase nanocomposites. Part two reviews the advances in techniques for processing, characterization, and modeling of materials. The topics covered range from nanoscale design in biomineralization strategies for bone tissue engineering to microscopy techniques for characterizing cells to materials for perfusion bioreactors. Further, carrier systems and biosensors in biomedical applications are considered. Finally, part three looks at the specific types of tissue and organ regeneration, with chapters concerning kidney, bladder, peripheral nerve, small intestine, skeletal muscle, cartilage, liver, and myocardial tissue engineering. Important developments in collagen-based tubular constructs, bioceramic nanoparticles, and multifunctional scaffolds for tissue engineering and drug delivery are also explained. Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers is a valuable reference tool for both academic researchers and scientists involved in biomaterials or tissue engineering, including the areas of bone and soft-tissue reconstruction and repair, and organ regeneration. Second edition comprehensively examines the latest advances in ceramic and polymers in tissue engineering Provides readers with general information on polymers and ceramics and looks at the processing, characterization, and modeling Reviews the latest research and advances in tissue and organ regeneration using ceramics and polymers

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications

Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Johnathan Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-11
ISBN : 0857097172
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of biomaterials can ultimately determine whether a material is accepted or rejected from the human body, and a responsive surface can further make the material "smart" and "intelligent". Switchable and Responsive Surfaces and Materials for Biomedical Applications outlines synthetic and biological materials that are responsive under different stimuli, their surface design and modification techniques, and applicability in regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, drug delivery, medical devices, and biomedical diagnostics. Part one provides a detailed overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces, exploring thermo-responsive polymers, environmentally responsive polyelectrolytes and zwitterionic polymers, as well as peptide-based and photonic sensitive switchable materials. Further chapters include a detailed overview of the preparation and analysis of switchable polymer brushes and copolymers for biomedical application. Part two explores the biological interactions and biomedical applications of switchable surfaces, where expert analysis is provided on the interaction of switchable surfaces with proteins and cells. The interaction of stimuli-sensitive polymers for tissue engineering and drug delivery with biosurfaces is critiqued, whilst the editor provides a skillful study into the application of responsive polymers in implantable medical devices and biosensors. A comprehensive overview of switchable and responsive materials and surfaces Includes in depth analysis of thermo-responsive polymers, photonic sensitive materials and peptide-based surfaces Detailed exploration of biological interactions of responsive and switchable surfaces, covering stimuli-sensitive polymers for drug delivery, surfaces with proteins/cells and application of polymers in medical devices