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Modeling of Transport Demand

Modeling of Transport Demand Book
Author : V.A Profillidis,G.N. Botzoris
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-23
ISBN : 0128115149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Transport Demand explains the mechanisms of transport demand, from analysis to calculation and forecasting. Packed with strategies for forecasting future demand for all transport modes, the book helps readers assess the validity and accuracy of demand forecasts. Forecasting and evaluating transport demand is an essential task of transport professionals and researchers that affects the design, extension, operation, and maintenance of all transport infrastructures. Accurate demand forecasts are necessary for companies and government entities when planning future fleet size, human resource needs, revenues, expenses, and budgets. The operational and planning skills provided in Modeling of Transport Demand help readers solve the problems they face on a daily basis. Modeling of Transport Demand is written for researchers, professionals, undergraduate and graduate students at every stage in their careers, from novice to expert. The book assists those tasked with constructing qualitative models (based on executive judgment, Delphi, scenario writing, survey methods) or quantitative ones (based on statistical, time series, econometric, gravity, artificial neural network, and fuzzy methods) in choosing the most suitable solution for all types of transport applications. Presents the most recent and relevant findings and research - both at theoretical and practical levels - of transport demand Provides a theoretical analysis and formulations that are clearly presented for ease of understanding Covers analysis for all modes of transportation Includes case studies that present the most appropriate formulas and methods for finding solutions and evaluating results

Modelling Transport

Modelling Transport Book
Author : Juan de Dios Ortúzar,Luis G. Willumsen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-05-03
ISBN : 1119993520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Already the market leader in the field, Modelling Transport has become still more indispensible following a thorough and detailed update. Enhancements include two entirely new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and on activity-based modelling; a new section on dynamic assignment and micro-simulation; and sizeable updates to sections on disaggregate modelling and stated preference design and analysis. It also tackles topical issues such as valuation of externalities and the role of GPS in travel time surveys. Providing unrivalled depth and breadth of coverage, each topic is approached as a modelling exercise with discussion of the roles of theory, data, model specification, estimation, validation and application. The authors present the state of the art and its practical application in a pedagogic manner, easily understandable to both students and practitioners. Follows on from the highly successful third edition universally acknowledged as the leading text on transport modelling techniques and applications Includes two new chapters on modelling for private sector projects and activity based modeling, and numerous updates to existing chapters Incorporates treatment of recent issues and concerns like risk analysis and the dynamic interaction between land use and transport Provides comprehensive and rigorous information and guidance, enabling readers to make practical use of every available technique Relates the topics to new external factors and technologies such as global warming, valuation of externalities and global positioning systems (GPS).

System Analysis and Modelling in Air Transport

System Analysis and Modelling in Air Transport Book
Author : Milan Janić
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 1000227510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive analysis and modelling of demand, capacity, quality of services, economics, and sustainability of the air transport system and its main components - - airports, airlines, and ATC/ATM (Air Traffic Control/Management). Airports consist of the airside and landside area characterized by their capacities for handling demand such as aircraft, air passengers, and air freight/cargo shipments. Regarding spatial configuration, airlines generally operate hub-and-spoke (conventional or legacy airlines) and point-to-point (LCCs - Low Cost Carriers) air route networks. Their fleets consisting of different aircraft types provide transport capacity for serving demand including air passengers and freight/cargo shipments. The ATC/ATM includes the controlled airspace, traffic management and control facilities and equipment on the ground, space, and on board aircraft, and the ATC Controllers). They all provide capacity to handle demand consisting of the flights between origin and destination airports carried out by airline aircraft. The outcome from the interrelationships between demand and capacity at these components materializes as the quality of services. At airports and airlines this is generally expressed by congestion and delays of aircraft, air passengers, and freight/cargo shipments. At ATC/ATM, this is expressed by delays, horizontal and vertical in-efficiency, and safety of flights. Economics of each component relate to its revenues, costs, and profits from handling demand, i.e., providing services of given quality. The sustainability of air transport system has become increasingly important issue for many internal and external actors/stakeholders involved to deal with. This has implied increasing the system’s overall social-economic effects/benefits while reducing or maintaining constant impacts/costs on the environment and society at both global and regional/local scale under conditions of continuous medium- to long term growth.

Transportation Systems Engineering

Transportation Systems Engineering Book
Author : Ennio Cascetta
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-02-28
ISBN : 9780792367925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book provides a rigorous and comprehensive coverage of transportation models and planning methods and is a must-have to anyone in the transportation community, including students, teachers, and practitioners." Moshe Ben-Akiva, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems Book
Author : Constantinos Antoniou,Dimitrios Efthymiou
Publisher :
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 0128150181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demand for Emerging Transportation Systems: Modeling Adoption, Satisfaction, and Mobility Patterns comprehensively examines the concepts and factors affecting user quality-of-service satisfaction. The book provides an introduction to the latest trends in transportation, followed by a critical review of factors affecting traditional and emerging transportation system adoption rates and user retention. This collection includes a rigorous introduction to the tools necessary for analyzing these factors, as well as Big Data collection methodologies, such as smartphone and social media analysis. Researchers will be guided through the nuances of transport and mobility services adoption, closing with an outlook of, and recommendations for, future research on the topic. This resource will appeal to practitioners and graduate students. Examines the dynamics affecting adoption rates for public transportation, vehicle-sharing, ridesharing systems and autonomous vehicles Covers the rationale behind travelers' continuous use of mobility services and their satisfaction and development Includes case studies, featuring mobility stats and contributions from around the world

Discrete Choice Analysis

Discrete Choice Analysis Book
Author : Moshe E. Ben-Akiva,Steven R. Lerman,Steven R.. Lerman
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1985
ISBN : 9780262022170
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discrete Choice Analysis presents these results in such a way that they are fully accessible to the range of students and professionals who are involved in modelling demand and consumer behavior in general or specifically in transportation - whether from the point of view of the design of transit systems, urban and transport economics, public policy, operations research, or systems management and planning. The methods of discrete choice analysis and their applications in the modelling of transportation systems constitute a comparatively new field that has largely evolved over the past 15 years. Since its inception, however, the field has developed rapidly, and this is the first text and reference work to cover the material systematically, bringing together the scattered and often inaccessible results for graduate students and professionals. Discrete Choice Analysis presents these results in such a way that they are fully accessible to the range of students and professionals who are involved in modelling demand and consumer behavior in general or specifically in transportation - whether from the point of view of the design of transit systems, urban and transport economics, public policy, operations research, or systems management and planning. The introductory chapter presents the background of discrete choice analysis and context of transportation demand forecasting. Subsequent chapters cover, among other topics, the theories of individual choice behavior, binary and multinomial choice models, aggregate forecasting techniques, estimation methods, tests used in the process of model development, sampling theory, the nested-logit model, and systems of models. Discrete Choice Analysis is ninth in the MIT Press Series in Transportation Studies, edited by Marvin Manheim.

Freight Demand Modeling

Freight Demand Modeling Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0309113075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On September 2527, 2006, the Transportation Research Board (TRB) convened the conference on Freight Demand Modeling: Tools for Public-Sector Decision Making in Washington, D.C. The conference sponsored jointly by TRB, the Federal Highway Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, and the Federal Railroad Administration brought together approximately 120 individuals from across the freight transportation communities, at national, state, regional, and local levels and from the public and private sectors and academia. The conference benefited from the contributions of international speakers and participants from Canada, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland, Australia, and Chile. The conference was designed to complement the Federal Highway Administration's work on the Freight Model Improvement Program and focused on modeling methodologies, applications of existing models at the national and local levels (including international examples), and related data needed to support modeling efforts. The objectives were to engage members of the freight transportation community in examining current modeling practice and identifying areas where improvement may be needed.

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries Book
Author : Ioanna Kourounioti,Lorant Tavasszy,Hanno Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 0128216816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries examines freight transport models developed in emerging countries including Turkey, South Africa, India, Chile, and more. It provides a toolbox of successful freight transport model applications, alternative data collection methods, and evaluation techniques for the development of future policies. The book offers solutions for issues related to the urban, national, and international transportation of goods and examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques and their applications in emerging countries. Emerging countries have unique transport-related policies, regulatory structures, logistics systems, and long-term uncertainties that hinder their economic development. This book tackles these issues by examining decision-making models for locating logistics sites such as ports and distribution centers, modeling urban freight movements in megacities and port cities, using existing datasets to get information when data is not available, implementing policies related to the national and international movements of goods, and more. Includes a wide variety of opinions and approaches from subject matter experts around the world Utilizes a case-based approach Includes a range of learning tools that feature chapter openers, end of chapter questions, a glossary, and more Examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Engineering Book
Author : Dusan Teodorovic,Milan Janic
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2016-09-13
ISBN : 0128038896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transportation Engineering: Theory, Practice and Modeling is a guide for integrating multi-modal transportation networks and assessing their potential cost and impact on society and the environment. Clear and rigorous in its coverage, the authors begin with an exposition of theory related to traffic engineering and control, transportation planning, and an evaluation of transportation alternatives that is followed by models and methods for predicting travel and freight transportation demand, analyzing existing and planning new transportation networks, and developing traffic control tactics and strategies. Written by an author team with over thirty years of experience in both research and teaching, the book incorporates both theory and practice to facilitate greener solutions. Contains worked out examples and end of the chapter questions Covers all forms of transportation engineering, including air, rail, and public transit modes Includes modeling and analytical procedures for supporting different aspects of traffic and transportation analyses Examines different transport mode sand how to make them sustainable Explains the economics of transport systems in terms of users’ value of time

An Actor based Approach to Commodity Transport Modelling

An Actor based Approach to Commodity Transport Modelling Book
Author : Gernot Liedtke
Publisher : Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9783832921415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increase in financial pressure on public authorities, and the dynamic growth of freight transport demand, represents a major challenge for transport policy. Furthermore, traditional aggregate models of freight transportation show weaknesses in forecasting quality, especially when it comes to the modeling of individual decision reactions. To close a major methodological gap in transport related policy assessment, this book reveals a behavior-oriented approach to commodity transport modeling. Traffic loads are simulated through a large number of individual entrepreneurial decisions, similar to the activity-based approaches for modeling passenger travel behavior. In contrast to flow-based modeling, the microscopic simulation approach guarantees a maximum of consistency between individual behavior and system behavior. The study develops data organization patterns, typologies, behavior rules, and a simulation model that can be applied in behavior-oriented freight transport forecasting. Policy makers in transportation, transport economists, and traffic planners will receive new insights in how to explain and influence freight transport.

Schedule Based Modeling of Transportation Networks

Schedule Based Modeling of Transportation Networks Book
Author : Nigel H. M. Wilson,Agostino Nuzzolo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-22
ISBN : 0387848126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Schedule-Based Modeling of Transportation Networks: Theory and Applications" follows the book Schedule-Based Dynamic Transit Modeling, published in this series in 2004, recognizing the critical role that schedules play in transportation systems. Conceived for the simulation of transit systems, in the last few years the schedule-based approach has been expanded and applied to operational planning of other transportation schedule services besides mass transit, e.g. freight transport. This innovative approach allows forecasting the evolution over time of the on-board loads on the services and their time-varying performance, using credible user behavioral hypotheses. It opens new frontiers in transportation modeling to support network design, timetable setting, and investigation of congestion effects, as well as the assessment of such new technologies, such as users system information (ITS technologies).

Transport Systems

Transport Systems Book
Author : Milan Janic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1498719090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transport sector consists of different modes of transport, each serving a growing demand for transporting people and goods. This (growing) demand on the one hand, needs expanding the systems’ capacity, and on the other hand, increasing the corresponding economic efficiency, effectiveness, and environmental and social friendliness. This implies development of a ‘greener’, i.e. a more sustainable transport sector. The book describes the current and prospective state of the art analytical modelling, conceptual planning, and multi-criteria evaluation of the selected cases of transport systems operated by different transport modes such as road, rail, sea, air, and intermodal. As such, the book is unique in addressing these three important aspects of dealing with transport systems before implementation of their particular components means by the selected cases. It will be particularly useful for readers from the academia and the professionals from the transport sector.

Urban and Regional Transportation Modeling

Urban and Regional Transportation Modeling Book
Author : Der-Horng Lee,David E. Boyce
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2004-01-01
ISBN : 9781845420536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'This collection in honor of David Boyce contains genuinely interesting and quality papers that reflect the diversity of interests of the honoree. David Boyce has made a number of significant contributions at the interface of transportation and regional science. He has been a pioneer of injecting rigor and consistency into spatial analysis. The papers here both reflect the ethos of this copious body of analysis and take it further in extensions and applications. It will prove to be an enduring source of ideas and insight.' - Kenneth Button, George Mason University, US

Innovations in Travel Demand Modeling Papers

Innovations in Travel Demand Modeling  Papers Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0309113431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On May 21 through 23, 2006, the Transportation Research Board (TRB) convened the Innovations in Travel Demand Modeling Conference in Austin, Texas. The conference was sponsored by the following agencies, organizations, and companies to provide an opportunity for a frank exchange of ideas and experiences among academics, model developers, and practitioners: TRB, FHWA, FTA, the Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority, the Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority, PBS&J-Austin, URS Corporation, and HNTB Corporation. Approximately 220 individuals from across the transportation research community at national, state, regional, and local levels and from the public and private sectors and academia participated. The last major conference on specialty travel demand modeling was held as part of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Travel Model Improvement Program (TMIP) in the fall of 1996. At that time, there was little research and no practical application of land use models and activity-based travel demand models and their integration with demographic, economic, and network modes. Since then, there has been a literal revolution in travel demand forecasting.

Handbook of Transportation Science

Handbook of Transportation Science Book
Author : Randolph Hall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-09-30
ISBN : 9780792385875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past thirty-five years, a tremendous body of both theoretical and empirical research has been established on the `science of transportation'. The Handbook of Transportation Science has collected and synthesized this research into a systematic treatment of this field covering its fundamental concepts, methods, and principles. The purpose of this handbook is to define transportation as a scientific discipline that transcends transportation technology and methods. Whether by car, truck, airplane - or by a mode of transportation that has not yet been conceived - transportation obeys fundamental properties. The science of transportation defines these properties, and demonstrates how our knowledge of one mode of transportation can be used to explain the behavior of another. Transportation scientists are motivated by the desire to explain spatial interactions that result in movement of people or objects from place to place. Its methodologies draw from physics, operations research, probability and control theory. It is fundamentally a quantitative discipline, relying on mathematical models and optimization algorithms to explain the phenomena of transportation. The fourteen chapters in the handbook are written by the leading researchers in transportation science in an effort to define and categorize for the first time the scientific nature and state of the art of the field. As such, it is directed to the broader research community, transportation practitioners, and future transportation scientists.

A Handbook of Transport Economics

A Handbook of Transport Economics Book
Author : André de Palma,Robin Lindsey,Emile Quinet,Roger Vickerman
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2011-01-01
ISBN : 0857930877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'This Handbook is a stellar compilation of up-to-date knowledge about the important topics in transport economics. Authors include the very best in the field, and they cover the most important topics for today's research and policy applications. Individual chapters contain sound, readable, well referenced explanations of each topic's history and current status. I cannot think of a better place to start for anyone wanting to become current in the field or in any of its parts.' – Kenneth Small, University of California-Irvine, US Bringing together insights and perspectives from close to 70 of the world's leading experts in the field, this timely Handbook provides an up-to-date guide to the most recent and state-of-the-art advances in transport economics. The comprehensive coverage includes topics such as the relationship between transport and the spatial economy, recent advances in travel demand analysis, the external costs of transport, investment appraisal, pricing, equity issues, competition and regulation, the role of public–private partnerships and the development of policy in local bus services, rail, air and maritime transport. This Handbook is designed both for use on postgraduate and advanced undergraduate courses and as a reference for anyone working in the field. It also complements the textbook Principles of Transport Economics.

Modelling Freight Transport

Modelling Freight Transport Book
Author : Lóránt Tavasszy,Gerard De Jong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-11
ISBN : 012416708X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freight Transport Modelling is a unique new reference book that provides insight into the state-of-the-art of freight modelling. Focusing on models used to support public transport policy analysis, Freight Transport Modelling systematically introduces the latest freight transport modelling approaches and describes the main methods and techniques used to arrive at operational models. As freight transport has grown exponentially in recent decades, policymakers now need to include freight flows in quantitative evaluations of transport systems. Whereas early freight modelling practice was inspired by passenger transport models, by now it has developed its separate stream of methods and techniques inspired by disciplines such as economic geography and supply chain management. Besides summarizing the latest achievements in fundamental research, this book describes the state of practice and advises practitioners on how to cope with typical challenges such as limitations in data availability. Uniquely focused book exploring the key issues and logistics of freight transport modelling Highlights the latest approaches and describes the main methods and techniques used to arrive at operational models Summarizes fundamental research into freight transport modeling, as well as current practices and advice for practitioners facing day-to-day challenges

Handbook of Ocean Container Transport Logistics

Handbook of Ocean Container Transport Logistics Book
Author : Chung-Yee Lee,Qiang Meng
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 3319118919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is focused on the impact of ocean transport logistics on global supply chains. It is the first book solely dedicated to the topic, linking the interaction of parties along this chain, including shippers, terminal operators and line carriers. While ocean container transport logistics has been greatly studied, there are many important issues that have yet to receive the attention they deserve. The editors and contributing authors of Ocean Container Transport Logistics: Making Global Supply Chain Effective seek to address these topics and shed new light on the subject. The book is divided into three parts. Part I examines the innovation, trends, competition and business model of container terminal operations. In Part II, the book looks at how tactical and operational management is used in shipping liners. The chapters cover topics such as empty container repositioning, slow steaming, routing, network design and disruption management. Finally Part III explores at shippers and global supply chain management, with chapters on transportation service procurement, hinterland transportation, green corridors, as well as competition and co-operation in maritime logistics operations. The eighteen chapters of the book all highlight the immediate effect of ocean transport logistics on global supply chain.