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Modeling Gravity Hazards From Rockfalls To Landslides

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Modeling Gravity Hazards from Rockfalls to Landslides

Modeling Gravity Hazards from Rockfalls to Landslides Book
Author : Vincent Richefeu,Pascal Villard
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-11
ISBN : 0081011970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gravity hazards are a major concern to those living in mountainous areas. To protect infrastructure and human life in these areas, engineers require numerical tools for trajectory analysis, for application from fragmental rockfalls to large-scale avalanches or landslides. This book explores state-of-the-art methods to model the propagation (flows and stops) of masses, using the discrete element method (DEM) to study the evolution of kinetics during an event. Taking into account the shape of the blocks and the topology of the terrain provides an explicit and sophisticated consideration of geometries, eliminating the need for stochastic inputs to rockfall simulations. This method is validated experimentally, before the authors apply it to real case studies. The book ends with an introduction to and comparison with the material point method (MPM), a new and promising approach able to bridge the gap between cases dominated by discreteness and those involving a very large number of elements. Engineering consulting firms, researchers and students should find the approaches outlined in this book useful, whether designing prevention and protection systems for gravity hazards, or exploring new ways to model gravity hazards. Covers conventional methods used to study gravitational phenomena using empirical parameters Presents a new numerical tool taking account of the physical phenomenon (friction, dissipation, realistic block shapes) and a methodology for parameter calibration and the achievement of numerical simulations Applies the numerical model to real cases with a critical analysis of its applicability in the field of engineering Emphasizes the discrete element method (DEM)

Transport Infrastructure and Systems

Transport Infrastructure and Systems Book
Author : Gianluca Dell'Acqua,Fred Wegman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 1315281880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport Infrastructure Asset management in transport infrastructure, financial viability of transport engineering projects/ Life cycle Cost Analysis, Life-Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Assessment of transport infrastructure/ Infrastructures financing and pricing with equity appraisal, operation optimization and energy management/ Low-Volume roads: planning, maintenance, operations, environmental and social issues/ Public-Private Partnership (PPP) experience in transport infrastructure in different countries and economic conditions/ Airport Pavement Management Systems, runway design and maintenance/ Port maintenance and development issues, technology relating to cargo handling, landside access, cruise operations/ Infrastructure Building Information Modelling (I-BIM) / Pavement design and innovative bituminous materials/ Recycling and re-use in road pavements, environmentally sustainable technologies/ Stone pavements, ancient roads and historic railways/ Cementitious stabilization of materials used in the rehabilitation of transportation infrastructure. Transport Systems Sustainable transport and the environment protection including green vehicles/ Urban transport, land use development, spatial and transport planning/ Bicycling, bike, bike-sharing systems, cycling mobility/ Human factor in transport systems/ Intelligent Mobility: emerging technologies to enable the smarter movement of people and goods/Airport landside: access roads, parking facilities, terminal facilities, aircraft apron and the azdjacent taxiway/ Transportation policy, planning and design, modelling and decision making/ Transport economics, finance and pricing issues, optimization problems, equity appraisal/ Road safety impact assessments, road safety audits, the management of road network safety and safety inspections/ Tunnels and underground structures: preventing incidents-accidents mitigating their effects for both people and goods/ Traffic flow characteristics, traffic control devices, work zone traffic control, highway capacity and quality of service/ Track-vehicle interactions in railway systems, capacity analysis of railway networks/ Risk assessment and safety in air and railway transport, reliability aspects/ Maritime transport and inland waterways transport research/ Intermodal freight transport: terminals and logistics.

Landslide Hazards Risks and Disasters

Landslide Hazards  Risks  and Disasters Book
Author : Tim Davies,Nick Rosser
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 0128226455
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters 2nd edition makes a broad but detailed examination of major aspects of mass movements and their consequences, and provides knowledge to form the basis for more complete and accurate monitoring, prediction, preparedness and reduction of the impacts of landslides on society. The frequency and intensity of landslide hazards and disasters has consistently increased over the past century, and this trend will continue as society increasingly utilises steep landscapes. Landslides and related phenomena can be triggered by other hazard and disaster processes – such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and wildfires – and they can also cause other hazards and disasters, making them a complex multi-disciplinary challenge. This new edition of Landslide Hazards, Risks and Disasters is updated and includes new chapters, covering additional topics including rockfalls, landslide interactions and impacts and geomorphic perspectives. Knowledge, understanding and the ability to model landslide processes are becoming increasingly important challenges for society extends its occupation of increasingly hilly and mountainous terrain, making this book a key resource for educators, researchers and disaster managers in geophysics, geology and environmental science. Provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the geological, seismological, physical, environmental and social impacts of landslides Presents the latest research on causality, impacts and landslide preparedness and mitigation. Includes numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations, photographs and video captures of hazardous processes Discusses steps for planning for and responding to landslide hazards, risks and disasters

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment Book
Author : Biswajeet Pradhan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-04
ISBN : 3319553429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is related to various applications of laser scanning in landslide assessment. Landslide detection approaches, susceptibility, hazard, vulnerability assessment and various modeling techniques are presented. Optimization of landslide conditioning parameters and use of heuristic, statistical, data mining approaches, their advantages and their relationship with landslide risk assessment are discussed in detail. The book contains scanning data in tropical forests; its indicators, assessment, modeling and implementation. Additionally, debris flow modeling and analysis including source of debris flow identification and rockfall hazard assessment are also presented.

Landslide Hazard and Risk

Landslide Hazard and Risk Book
Author : Thomas Glade,Malcolm G. Anderson,Michael J. Crozier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-01-04
ISBN : 0470012641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increasing need to take an holistic view of landslide hazard and risk, this book overviews the concept of risk research and addresses the sociological and psychological issues resulting from landslides. Its integrated approach offers understanding and ability for concerned organisations, landowners, land managers, insurance companies and researchers to develop risk management solutions. Global case studies illustrate a variety of integrated approaches, and a concluding section provides specifications and contexts for the next generation of process models.

Landslides and Engineered Slopes From the Past to the Future Two Volumes CD ROM

Landslides and Engineered Slopes  From the Past to the Future  Two Volumes   CD ROM Book
Author : Zuyu Chen,Jian-Min Zhang,Ken Ho,Fa-Quan Wu,Zhong-Kui Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-06-11
ISBN : 0203885287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

270 Expert contributions on aspects of landslide hazards, encompassing geological modeling and soil and rock mechanics, landslide processes, causes and effects, and damage avoidance and limitation strategies. Reference source for academics and professionals in geo-mechanical and geo-technical engineering, and others involved with research, des

Earthquake Induced Landslides

Earthquake Induced Landslides Book
Author : Yingbin Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-15
ISBN : 9811029350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sheds new light on improved methods for the study of the initiation and run-out of earthquake-induced landslides. It includes an initiation study method that considers tension-shear failure mechanism; an improved, rigorous, dynamic sliding-block method based on dynamic critical acceleration; and a run-out analysis of earthquake-induced landslides that takes account of the trampoline effect, all of which add to the accuracy and accessibility of landslide study. The book includes abundant illustrations, figures and tables, making it a valuable resource for those looking for practical landslide research tools.

From Tsunami Science to Hazard and Risk Assessment Methods and Models

From Tsunami Science to Hazard and Risk Assessment  Methods and Models Book
Author : Stefano Lorito,Jörn Behrens,Finn Løvholt,Tiziana Rossetto,Jacopo Selva
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-01-11
ISBN : 2889717941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download From Tsunami Science to Hazard and Risk Assessment Methods and Models book written by Stefano Lorito,Jörn Behrens,Finn Løvholt,Tiziana Rossetto,Jacopo Selva, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development

Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development Book
Author : Phung Duc Long,Nguyen Tien Dung
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 9811521840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents 09 keynote and invited lectures and 177 technical papers from the 4th International Conference on Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development, held on 28-29 Nov 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam. The papers come from 35 countries of the five different continents, and are grouped in six conference themes: 1) Deep Foundations; 2) Tunnelling and Underground Spaces; 3) Ground Improvement; 4) Landslide and Erosion; 5) Geotechnical Modelling and Monitoring; and 6) Coastal Foundation Engineering. The keynote lectures are devoted by Prof. Harry Poulos (Australia), Prof. Adam Bezuijen (Belgium), Prof. Delwyn Fredlund (Canada), Prof. Lidija Zdravkovic (UK), Prof. Masaki Kitazume (Japan), and Prof. Mark Randolph (Australia). Four invited lectures are given by Prof. Charles Ng, ISSMGE President, Prof.Eun Chul Shin, ISSMGE Vice-President for Asia, Prof. Norikazu Shimizu (Japan), and Dr.Kenji Mori (Japan).

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling Book
Author : John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-01-22
ISBN : 1118351487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Landslide Risk Management

Landslide Risk Management Book
Author : Oldrich Hungr,Robin Fell,Réjean Couture,Erik Eberhardt
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-06-30
ISBN : 1439833710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslide Risk Management comprises the proceedings of the International Conference on Landslide Risk Management, held in Vancouver, Canada, from May 31 to June 3, 2005. The first part of the book contains state-of-the-art and invited lectures, prepared by teams of authors selected for their experience in specific topics assigned to them by the JTC-1 Committee. The second part is a selection of papers submitted to the conference, most of which serve as case-history illustrations of projects on landslide risk management. This reference work presents the current status of landslide risk management as viewed by experts from around the world.

Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows

Recent Advances in Modeling Landslides and Debris Flows Book
Author : Wei Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 3319110535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslides and debris flows belong to the most dangerous natural hazards in many parts of the world. Despite intensive research, these events continue to result in human suffering, property losses, and environmental degradation every year. Better understanding of the mechanisms and processes of landslides and debris flows will help make reliable predictions, develop mitigation strategies and reduce vulnerability of infrastructure. This book presents contributions to the workshop on Recent Developments in the Analysis, Monitoring and Forecast of Landslides and Debris Flow, in Vienna, Austria, September 9, 2013. The contributions cover a broad spectrum of topics from material behavior, physical modelling over numerical simulation to applications and case studies. The workshop is a joint event of three research projects funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Program: MUMOLADE (Multiscale modelling of landslides and debris flows, www.mumolade.com), REVENUES (Numerical Analysis of Slopes with Vegetations, http://www.revenues-eu.com) and HYDRODRIL (Integrated Risk Assessment of Hydrologically-Driven Landslides, www.boku.ac.at/igt/).

Quantitative Parameterization and 3D run out Modelling of Rockfalls at Steep Limestone Cliffs in the Bavarian Alps

Quantitative Parameterization and 3D   run   out Modelling of Rockfalls at Steep Limestone Cliffs in the Bavarian Alps Book
Author : Bettina Sellmeier
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 3319245104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This pioneering work deals with the parameterization of rockfalls in the context of 3D run-out modelling at a study site in the Bavarian Alps. The main objective was to cover not only low-magnitude, high-frequency rockfalls (10 msup3/sup) but also Mid-Magnitude events, which involve rock volumes of between 10 and 100 msup3/sup (boulder falls) and between 100 and 10,000 msup3/sup (block falls). As Mid-Magnitude events have been insufficiently covered in terms of rockfall modelling up to now, a geomechanical approach has been developed to characterize those events by means of a case study. For a 200 msup3/sup limestone block a potential failure scenario was analysed by combining a deterministic failure analysis with a numerical process-based run-out model. To model potential run-out scenarios of the 200 msup3/sup block, the beta version of the code RAMMS::Rockfall, developed by the Swiss Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research (SLF), was applied. RAMMS::Rockfall makes it possible to include the block shape and thus consider the effects of varying block shapes on the run-out distance. The run-out modelling for the entire project site was performed using the scientific code Rockyfor3D (Dorren/ecorisQ). To provide quantitative information in terms of input parameters, a field recording of block sizes at the talus slope, as well as a detailed discontinuity analysis at the source area, were conducted. The book successfully demonstrates how detailed and quantitative field investigation can contribute to 3D rockfall modelling./pp

Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment

Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment Book
Author : Kyoji Sassa,Paolo Canuti,Yueping Yin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-19
ISBN : 3319050508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains peer-reviewed papers from the Third World Landslide Forum organized by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) in June 2014. The complete collection of papers from the Forum is published in three full-color volumes and one mono-color volume.

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk

Understanding and Reducing Landslide Disaster Risk Book
Author : Binod Tiwari,Kyoji Sassa,Peter T. Bobrowsky,Kaoru Takara
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-22
ISBN : 3030607062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a part of ICL new book series “ICL Contribution to Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction” founded in 2019. Peer-reviewed papers submitted to the Fifth World Landslide Forum were published in six volumes of this book series. This book contains the followings: • Five keynote lectures • Recent development in physical modeling of landslides • Recent development in numerical modeling of landslides • Recent development in soil and rock testing techniques, application and analysis methods • Recent advancements in the methods of slope stability and deformation analyses • Recent development in disaster risk assessment Prof. Binod Tiwari is a Vice President of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He is the Associate Vice President for research and sponsored project and Professor of civil and environmental engineering at the California State University, Fullerton, California, USA. Prof. Kyoji Sassa is the Founding President and the Secretary-General of the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL). He has been the Editor-in-Chief of International Journal Landslides since its foundation in 2004. Prof. Peter Bobrowsky is the President of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Senior Scientist of Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Prof. Kaoru Takara is the Executive Director of the International Consortium on Landslides. He is a Professor and Dean of Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies (GSAIS) in Human Survivability (Shishu-Kan), Kyoto University.

Landslides and Engineered Slopes Experience Theory and Practice

Landslides and Engineered Slopes  Experience  Theory and Practice Book
Author : Stefano Aversa,Leonardo Cascini,Luciano Picarelli,Claudio Scavia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 1498788076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice contains the invited lectures and all papers presented at the 12th International Symposium on Landslides, (Naples, Italy, 12-19 June 2016). The book aims to emphasize the relationship between landslides and other natural hazards. Hence, three of the main sessions focus on Volcanic-induced landslides, Earthquake-induced landslides and Weather-induced landslides respectively, while the fourth main session deals with Human-induced landslides. Some papers presented in a special session devoted to "Subareal and submarine landslide processes and hazard” and in a “Young Session” complete the books. Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice underlines the importance of the classic approach of modern science, which moves from experience to theory, as the basic instrument to study landslides. Experience is the key to understand the natural phenomena focusing on all the factors that play a major role. Theory is the instrument to manage the data provided by experience following a mathematical approach; this allows not only to clarify the nature and the deep causes of phenomena but mostly, to predict future and, if required, manage similar events. Practical benefits from the results of theory to protect people and man-made works. Landslides and Engineered Slopes. Experience, Theory and Practice is useful to scientists and practitioners working in the areas of rock and soil mechanics, geotechnical engineering, engineering geology and geology.

Identification and Mitigation of Large Landslide Risks in Europe

Identification and Mitigation of Large Landslide Risks in Europe Book
Author : C. Bonnard,F. Forlati,C. Scavia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-21
ISBN : 1482283875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Large landslides affect many mountain valleys in Europe. They are characterised by a low probability of evolution into a catastrophic event but can have very large impacts on population, infrastructures and the environment. This impact is becoming more and more pronounced due to increasing tourism and the construction of new roads and railways in mountainous areas. Methodologies for the assessment and mitigation of risks are therefore a major issue. Since very large slope movements are quite often directly or indirectly implicated in disasters, like landslides, secondary slides or debris flow, their early identification is essential to an adequate risk assessment of the zones involved. The assessment of risks due to large landslides in the alpine environment is the first activity carried out within the IMIRILAND Project. This project involves seven partners representing five European countries and is funded by the European Commission within the Fifth Framework Program (Research and Technological Development, Activities of a Generic Nature: the Fight against Major Natural and Technological Hazards). The objective of this cooperation is to develop risk management methodologies and mitigation strategies that can be applied at a European level as useful tools for administrators and land users. To this end, by means of a multidisciplinary approach the hazard analysis of some selected large landslides was examined with a particular focus on geological, geomorphological and geo-mechanical methods. In addition, vulnerability and risk analyses were carried out to enable the consideration of direct and indirect consequences, as well as technical and social impacts. The developed risk assessment procedure was critically examined through application to some selected landslides. Identification and Mitigation of Large Landslide Risks in Europe – Advances in Risk Assessment presents the risk assessment procedure developed and the case studies that were performed within the framework of the IMIRILAND Project. It is edited by Arpa Piemonte, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and Politecnico di Torino This book is intended for geotechnical engineers, engineering geologists, geomorphologists and planners who are involved in landslides and in assessing the stability of natural slopes.

Landslides Global Risk Preparedness

Landslides  Global Risk Preparedness Book
Author : Kyoji Sassa,Badaoui Rouhban,Sálvano Briceño,Mauri McSaveney,Bin He
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-31
ISBN : 3642220878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the global landslide risk preparedness implemented through the International Programme on Landslides (IPL). IPL was initiated by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) in 2002, and developed to a joint international programme by the IPL Global Promotion Committee (UNESCO, WMO, FAO, UNISDR, UNU, ICSU and WFEO as well as ICL) through the 2006 Tokyo Action Plan. The materials consists of four parts: Outline of the International Programme on Landslides & IPL Global Promotion Committee; Achievements of major IPL projects in research and capacity building; World Centres of Excellence on Landslide Risk Reduction (WCoEs) and Landslide School Network; Key documents of IPL and ICL including Tokyo Action Plan, Application of ICL, IPL Projects, WCoEs and Landslide School Network

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides

Introduction to the Physics of Landslides Book
Author : Fabio Vittorio de Blasio
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-13
ISBN : 9400711220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landslides represent one of the most destructive natural catastrophes. They can reach extremely long distances and velocities, and are capable of wiping out human communities and settlements. Yet landslides have a creative facet as they contribute to the modification of the landscape. They are the consequence of the gravity pull jointly with the tectonic disturbance of our living planet. Landslides are most often studied within a geotechnical and geomorphological perspective. Engineering calculations are traditionally applied to the stability of terrains. In this book, landslides are viewed as a physical phenomenon. A physical understanding of landslides is a basis for modeling and mitigation and for understanding their flow behavior and dynamics. We still know relatively little about many aspects of landslide physics. It is only recently that the field of landslide dynamics is approaching a more mature stage. This is testified by the release of modelling tools for the simulation of landslides and debris flows. In this book the emphasis is placed on the problems at the frontier of landslide research. Each chapter is self-consistent, with questions and arguments introduced from the beginning.

Earthquake Engineering

Earthquake Engineering Book
Author : Abbas Moustafa
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-05-20
ISBN : 9535120395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book Earthquake Engineering - From Engineering Seismology to Optimal Seismic Design of Engineering Structures contains fifteen chapters written by researchers and experts in the fields of earthquake and structural engineering. This book provides the state-of-the-art on recent progress in the field of seimology, earthquake engineering and structural engineering. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers and practicing structural engineers. It deals with seismicity, seismic hazard assessment and system oriented emergency response for abrupt earthquake disaster, the nature and the components of strong ground motions and several other interesting topics, such as dam-induced earthquakes, seismic stability of slopes and landslides. The book also tackles the dynamic response of underground pipes to blast loads, the optimal seismic design of RC multi-storey buildings, the finite-element analysis of cable-stayed bridges under strong ground motions and the acute psychiatric trauma intervention due to earthquakes.