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Modeling Characterization And Production Of Nanomaterials

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Modeling Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials

Modeling  Characterization and Production of Nanomaterials Book
Author : V Tewary,Y Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-17
ISBN : 1782422358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nano-scale materials have unique electronic, optical, and chemical properties which make them attractive for a new generation of devices. Part one of Modeling, Characterization, and Production of Nanomaterials: Electronics, Photonics and Energy Applications covers modeling techniques incorporating quantum mechanical effects to simulate nanomaterials and devices, such as multiscale modeling and density functional theory. Part two describes the characterization of nanomaterials using diffraction techniques and Raman spectroscopy. Part three looks at the structure and properties of nanomaterials, including their optical properties and atomic behaviour. Part four explores nanofabrication and nanodevices, including the growth of graphene, GaN-based nanorod heterostructures and colloidal quantum dots for applications in nanophotonics and metallic nanoparticles for catalysis applications. Comprehensive coverage of the close connection between modeling and experimental methods for studying a wide range of nanomaterials and nanostructures Focus on practical applications and industry needs, supported by a solid outlining of theoretical background Draws on the expertise of leading researchers in the field of nanomaterials from around the world

Synthesis Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and their Heterostructures

Synthesis  Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and their Heterostructures Book
Author : Eui-Hyeok Yang,Dibakar Datta,Junjun Ding,Grzegorz Hader
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 0128184752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesis, Modelling and Characterization of 2D Materials and Their Heterostructures provides a detailed discussion on the multiscale computational approach surrounding atomic, molecular and atomic-informed continuum models. In addition to a detailed theoretical description, this book provides example problems, sample code/script, and a discussion on how theoretical analysis provides insight into optimal experimental design. Furthermore, the book addresses the growth mechanism of these 2D materials, the formation of defects, and different lattice mismatch and interlayer interactions. Sections cover direct band gap, Raman scattering, extraordinary strong light matter interaction, layer dependent photoluminescence, and other physical properties. Explains multiscale computational techniques, from atomic to continuum scale, covering different time and length scales Provides fundamental theoretical insights, example problems, sample code and exercise problems Outlines major characterization and synthesis methods for different types of 2D materials

Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices

Low Dimensional and Nanostructured Materials and Devices Book
Author : Hilmi Ünlü,Norman J. M. Horing,Jaroslaw Dabrowski
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-01
ISBN : 3319253409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the fundamental phenomena at nanoscale. It covers synthesis, properties, characterization and computer modelling of nanomaterials, nanotechnologies, bionanotechnology, involving nanodevices. Further topics are imaging, measuring, modeling and manipulating of low dimensional matter at nanoscale. The topics covered in the book are of vital importance in a wide range of modern and emerging technologies employed or to be employed in most industries, communication, healthcare, energy, conservation , biology, medical science, food, environment, and education, and consequently have great impact on our society.

Advances in Nanoparticles

Advances in Nanoparticles Book
Author : Luca Pasquini
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-02
ISBN : 3039285823
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on recent advances in the synthesis of nanoparticles, their characterization, and their applications in different fields such as catalysis, photonics, magnetism, and nanomedicine. Nanoparticles receive a large share of the worldwide research activity in contemporary materials science. This is witnessed by the number of scientific papers with "nanoparticle" as a keyword, increasing linearly in the last 10 years from about 16,000 in 2009 to about 50,000 in 2019. This impressive widespread interest stems from the basic science of nanoparticles, which constitute a bridge between the molecular and the bulk worlds, as well as from their technological applications. The preparation of nanoparticles is a crossroad of materials science where chemists, physicists, engineers, and even biologists frequently meet, leading to a continuous improvement of existing techniques and to the invention of new methods. The reader interested in nanoparticles synthesis and properties will here find a valuable selection of scientific cases that cannot cover all methods and applications relevant to the field, but still provide an updated overview on the fervent research activity focused on nanoparticles.

Advances in Nanocomposites

Advances in Nanocomposites Book
Author : Shaker A. Meguid
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-17
ISBN : 3319316621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces nanocomposite materials possessing a broad range of multifunctionality. It elucidates novel and highly original developments from recent research and development of these critical, new engineered materials. The collection examines multiscale modeling, molecular dynamics, atomistic based continuum, synthesis and characterization, condition health monitoring, spectroscopic characterization techniques, self-lubricating materials, and conducting polymers. The volume features the latest efforts of some of the most eminent researchers in the world. Providing a range of perspectives from the laboratory and the field, Advances in Nanocomposites: Modeling and Characterization is ideal for engineers, physicists, and materials scientists in academia and industry.

Synthesis Characterization and Properties of Nanostructures

Synthesis  Characterization and Properties of Nanostructures Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reducing the dimensions of contiguous matter, down to the nanometer scale, confines the electronic and vibrational wavefunctions and results in unique properties which open up a wide vista of potential applications in optics, mechanics, electrical engineering, magnetic devices, catalysis and biomedicine. Nanostructures, characterized by having at least one dimension in the nanometer range, are considered to be a bridge between single molecules and their bulk counterparts. The challenge for nanotechnology is to achieve perfect control of the nanoscale-related properties; which obviously requires correlating the parameters of synthesis with the resultant nanostructures. Nanostructures are also ideal subjects for computer simulation and modeling: in computations related to nanomaterials, one deals with a spatial scaling ranging from a few nanometers to a few micrometers and a time-scaling ranging from a few femto-seconds (fs) to 1 second - with a limit of accuracy better than 1 kcal mol-1. This special-topic volume describes the novel computational and experimental approaches developed in order to resolve questions concerning the growth of nanostructures, their characterization and modeling. Motivated by the increasing need to synthesize and understand the properties of materials at the nanoscale, this issue is very timely and is an important step towards improving the knowledge of how nanomaterials can be made ever more useful to modern technologies. The book, divided into sections on Computational Nanomaterials and Experimental Nanomaterials, comprises a collection of ten original review/papers covering experimental approaches, theoretical analysis and numerical models. Seven papers are devoted to the growth and characterization of nanomaterials, while the other three deal with theoretical approaches to understanding their properties. Another attractive feature of the book is the common aim of these papers of achieving a deeper understanding of the underlying functionality of the properties of nanomaterials.

Synthesis Characterization and Properties of Nanostructures

Synthesis  Characterization and Properties of Nanostructures Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9783908451730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthesis Characterization and Properties of Nanostructures book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Shape Memory Polymers for Aerospace Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Aerospace Applications Book
Author : Gyaneshwar Tandon ,Jeffery Baur,Amber McClung
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2015-11-20
ISBN : 1605951188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shape memory polymer chemistry and design for active materials and morphing structuresCovers shape memory in polymers, alloys and composites, including models and testing Essential equations for analysis of the structure, behavior and properties of SMPsMany graphs and figures in full color A technical analysis of shape-memory polymers (SMPs) and their composites, particularly in adaptive materials, this volume introduces designs linking SMPs to metals, elastomers, foams, nanoparticles and other materials, as well as the engineering of SMPs directly into parts and active (morphing) components. Attention is given to controlled structures activated by light, heat, electricity and other energy sources, as well as the connection of SMPs with actuators. Part one discusses the activation and analysis of the shape memory response, including shape recovery. Subsequent chapters offer modeling and other tools for investigating the SMP response, including shape recovery. Part three combines the response with micro- and macro-scale reinforcing phases for producing SMP composites, and the following section discusses synthetic and nanostructured customization of the shape memory polymer response. The final section focuses on specific SMP concepts in aircraft, including morphing skins, wings, unimorph composite actuators for deployment, and variable stiffness elements.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : S. C. Singh,H.B. Zeng,Chunlei Guo,Weiping Cai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-10-22
ISBN : 3527646841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first in-depth treatment of the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nanomaterials using lasers, ranging from fundamentals to the latest research results, this handy reference is divided into two main sections. After introducing the concepts of lasers, nanomaterials, nanoarchitectures and laser-material interactions in the first three chapters, the book goes on to discuss the synthesis of various nanomaterials in vacuum, gas and liquids. The second half discusses various nanomaterial characterization techniques involving lasers, from Raman and photoluminescence spectroscopies to light dynamic scattering, laser spectroscopy and such unusual techniques as laser photo acoustic, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy, ultrafast dynamics and laser-induced thermal pulses. The specialist authors adopt a practical approach throughout, with an emphasis on experiments, set-up, and results. Each chapter begins with an introduction and is uniform in covering the basic approaches, experimental setups, and dependencies of the particular method on different parameters, providing sufficient theory and modeling to understand the principles behind the techniques.

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Noorhana Yahya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-12
ISBN : 9783642146732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers all aspects of carbon and oxide based nanostructured materials. The topics include synthesis, characterization and application of carbon-based namely carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes, carbon filled composites etc. In addition, metal oxides namely, ZnO, TiO2, Fe2O3, ferrites, garnets etc., for various applications like sensors, solar cells, transformers, antennas, catalysts, batteries, lubricants, are presented. The book also includes the modeling of oxide and carbon based nanomaterials. The book covers the topics: Synthesis, characterization and application of carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes Synthesis, characterization and application of oxide based nanomaterials. Nanostructured magnetic and electric materials and their applications. Nanostructured materials for petro-chemical industry. Oxide and carbon based thin films for electronics and sustainable energy. Theory, calculations and modeling of nanostructured materials.

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites

Characterization Techniques for Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-08-07
ISBN : 3527331484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application. Belongs on the shelf of every product engineer.

Metal Nanoparticles

Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Daniel L. Fedlheim,Colby A. Foss
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-10-26
ISBN : 9780585404394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art reference, Metal Nanoparticles offers the latest research on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanoparticles. Following an introduction of structural, optical, electronic, and electrochemical properties of nanoparticles, the book elaborates on nanoclusters, hyper-Raleigh scattering, nanoarrays, and several applications including single electron devices, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, and DNA detection. The text emphasizes how size, shape, and surface chemistry affect particle performance throughout. Topics include synthesis and formation of nanoclusters, nanosphere lithography, modeling of nanoparticle optical properties, and biomolecule sensors.

Final Report

Final Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology holds great promise for many application fields, ranging from the semiconductor industry to medical research and national security. Novel, nanostructured materials are the fundamental building blocks upon which all these future nanotechnologies will be based. In this Strategic Initiative (SI) we conducted a combined theoretical and experimental investigation of the modeling, synthesis, characterization, and design techniques which are required to fabricate semiconducting and metallic nanostructures with enhanced properties. We focused on developing capabilities that have broad applicability to a wide range of materials and can be applied both to nanomaterials that are currently being developed for nanotechnology applications and also to new, yet to be discovered, nanomaterials. During this 3 year SI project we have made excellent scientific progress in each of the components of this project. We have developed first-principles techniques for modeling the structural, electronic, optical, and transport properties of materials at the nanoscale. For the first time, we have simulated nanomaterials both in vacuum and in aqueous solution. These simulation capabilities harness the worldleading computational resources available at LLNL to model, at the quantum mechanical level, systems containing hundreds of atoms and thousands of electrons. Significant advances in the density functional and quantum Monte Carlo techniques employed in this project were developed to enable these techniques to scale up to simulating realistic size nanostructured materials. We have developed the first successful techniques for chemically synthesizing crystalline silicon and germanium nanoparticles and nanowires. We grew the first macroscopic, faceted superlattice crystals from these nanoparticles. We have also advanced our capabilities to synthesize semiconductor nanoparticles using physical vapor deposition techniques so that we are now able to control of the size, shape and surface structure of these nanoparticles. We have made advances in characterizing the surface of nanoparticles using x-ray absorption experiments. Throughout this SI a number of long-term, strategic external collaborations have been established. These collaborations have resulted in 30 joint publications, strategic hires of postdocs and graduate students from these groups into groups at LLNL and the submission of joint research grants. We have developed collaborations on the theory and modeling of nanomaterials with the groups of Profs. Ceder and Marzari (MIT), Crespi (Penn State), Freeman (Northwestern), Grossman and Lester (UC Berkeley), Mitas (North Carolina State), and Needs (Cambridge). We are collaborating with Dr. Alivisatos's group in the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory on the fabrication, characterization and modeling of inorganic nanomaterials. We are working with Prof. Majumdar's group at UC Berkeley on the characterization of nanomaterials. We are working with the molecular diamond group at Chevron-Texaco who has developed a process for extracting mono-disperse samples of nano-scale diamonds from crude oil. We are collaborating with Dr. Chen at UCSF to develop CdSe nanoparticle-biolabels. As a result of the outstanding scientific achievements and the long-term collaborations developed during this strategic initiative we have been extremely successful in obtaining external funding to continue and grow this research activity at the LLNL. We have received two DARPA grants to support the further development of our computational modeling techniques and to develop carbon nanotube based molecular separation devices. We have received two new Office of Science BES grants to support our nanomaterials modeling and synthesis projects. We have received funding from the NA22 office of DOE to develop the materials modeling capabilities begun in this SI for modeling detector materials. We have received funding from Intel Corporation to apply the modeling techniques developed in this initiative to examine silicon nanowires fabricated on computer chips. We are also pursuing several additional sources of funding from BES, the DHS, and NIH to support the continuation of the research programs developed in this SI. The remainder of this report and the attached publications describe the background to this SI research project and the details of the scientific achievements that have been made.

Nanoparticles in Catalysis

Nanoparticles in Catalysis Book
Author : Karine Philippot,Alain Roucoux
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-05
ISBN : 3527346074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover an essential overview of recent advances and trends in nanoparticle catalysis Catalysis in the presence of metal nanoparticles is an important and rapidly developing research field at the frontier of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. In Nanoparticles in Catalysis, accomplished chemists and authors Karine Philippot and Alain Roucoux deliver a comprehensive guide to the key aspects of nanoparticle catalysis, ranging from synthesis, activation methodology, characterization, and theoretical modeling, to application in important catalytic reactions, like hydrogen production and biomass conversion. The book offers readers a review of modern and efficient tools for the synthesis of nanoparticles in solution or onto supports. It emphasizes the application of metal nanoparticles in important catalytic reactions and includes chapters on activation methodology and supported nanoclusters. Written by an international team of leading voices in the field, Nanoparticles in Catalysis is an indispensable resource for researchers and professionals in academia and industry alike. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to New Trends in the Design of Metal Nanoparticles and Derived Nanomaterials for Catalysis An exploration of Dynamic Catalysis and the Interface Between Molecular and Heterogeneous Catalysts A practical discussion of Metal Nanoparticles in Water: A Relevant Toolbox for Green Catalysis A concise treatment of the opportunities and challenges of CO2 Hydrogenation to Oxygenated Chemicals Over Supported Nanoparticle Catalysts Perfect for catalytic, organic, inorganic, and physical chemists, Nanoparticles in Catalysis will also earn a place in the libraries of chemists working with organometallics and materials scientists seeking a one-stop resource with expert knowledge on the synthesis and characterization of nanoparticle catalysis.

Fabrication and Application of Nanomaterials

Fabrication and Application of Nanomaterials Book
Author : S. Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 1260132242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from Third Party sellers are not guaranteed by the publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. Nanomaterials principles, practices, and fabrication methods This advanced textbook offers comprehensive coverage of nanomaterials synthesis, characterization, and functionalization using solution-based approaches. Written from a chemical engineering perspective, Fabrication and Application of Nanomaterials illustrates each topic through concise theory, numerical problems, and recent case studies. Students, scientists, and engineers studying nanotechnology and the application of nanomaterials should find the text a highly useful reference. Coverage includes:•An introduction to nanomaterials•Nucleation, growth, and synthesis of metal nanoparticles•Functionalization of metal nanoparticles•Synthesis of polymer-based nanoparticles•Functionalization and properties of hydrogels•Characterization of metal nanoparticles•Applications in•Catalysis•Drug delivery and biomedicine •Water treatment and water management •Energy harvesting

Characterization of Nanomaterials

Characterization of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ehrenfried Zschech,Robert Sinclair,Rodrigo Martins,Marco Sebastiani,Sabrina Sartori
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 3036507566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue “Characterization of Nanomaterials” collects nine selected papers presented at the 6th Dresden Nanoanalysis Symposium, held at Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems in Dresden, Germany, on 31 August 2018. Following the specific motto of this annual symposium “Materials challenges—Micro- and nanoscale characterization”, it covered various topics of nanoscale materials characterization along the whole value and innovation chain, from fundamental research up to industrial applications. The scope of this Special Issue is to provide an overview of the current status, recent developments and research activities in the field of nanoscale materials characterization, with a particular emphasis on future scenarios. Primarily, analytical techniques for the characterization of thin films and nanostructures are discussed, including modeling and simulation. We anticipate that this Special Issue will be accessible to a wide audience, as it explores not only methodical aspects of nanoscale materials characterization, but also materials synthesis, fabrication of devices and applications.

Carbon Nanomaterials Modeling Design and Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials  Modeling  Design  and Applications Book
Author : Kun Zhou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 1351123572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Nanomaterials: Modeling, Design, and Applications provides an in-depth review and analysis of the most popular carbon nanomaterials, including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene and novel carbon nanomaterial-based membranes and thin films, with emphasis on their modeling, design and applications. This book provides basic knowledge of the structures, properties and applications of carbon-based nanomaterials. It illustrates the fundamental structure-property relationships of the materials in both experimental and modeling aspects, offers technical guidance in computational simulation of nanomaterials, and delivers an extensive view on current achievements in research and practice, while presenting new possibilities in the design and usage of carbon nanomaterials. This book is aimed at both undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, designers, professors, and professionals within the fields of materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, applied physics, and chemical engineering.

Nanomaterials Preparation by Thermolysis of Metal Chelates

Nanomaterials Preparation by Thermolysis of Metal Chelates Book
Author : Igor E. Uflyand,Gulzhian I. Dzhardimalieva
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 3319934058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on the thermal transformations of various types of metal chelates, e.g. low molecular weight and polymeric metal chelates, coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks. It analyzes the major advances and the problems in the preparation of metal oxide materials, mixed-oxide nanocomposites, carbon materials and polymer derived non-oxide nanocomposites by the thermolysis of different metal chelates. It also highlights the influence of the spatial and electronic structure of metal chelates on the mechanism and kinetics of their thermal transformations, and discusses important issues like conjugate thermolysis and computer modelling of the thermolysis process. This book is useful for researchers experienced in thermolysis as well as for young scientists interested in this area of science.

Advances in Nanoparticles Synthesis Characterization Theoretical Modelling and Applications

Advances in Nanoparticles  Synthesis  Characterization  Theoretical Modelling  and Applications Book
Author : Luca Pasquini
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9783039285839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on recent advances in the synthesis of nanoparticles, their characterization, and their applications in different fields such as catalysis, photonics, magnetism, and nanomedicine. Nanoparticles receive a large share of the worldwide research activity in contemporary materials science. This is witnessed by the number of scientific papers with ""nanoparticle"" as a keyword, increasing linearly in the last 10 years from about 16,000 in 2009 to about 50,000 in 2019. This impressive widespread interest stems from the basic science of nanoparticles, which constitute a bridge between the molecular and the bulk worlds, as well as from their technological applications. The preparation of nanoparticles is a crossroad of materials science where chemists, physicists, engineers, and even biologists frequently meet, leading to a continuous improvement of existing techniques and to the invention of new methods. The reader interested in nanoparticles synthesis and properties will here find a valuable selection of scientific cases that cannot cover all methods and applications relevant to the field, but still provide an updated overview on the fervent research activity focused on nanoparticles.

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation  NDE  Methods Book
Author : Gerhard Huebschen,Iris Altpeter,Ralf Tschuncky,Hans-Georg Herrmann
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 008100057X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials