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Modeling And Managing Complex Systems

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Modeling and Managing Interdependent Complex Systems of Systems

Modeling and Managing Interdependent Complex Systems of Systems Book
Author : Yacov Y. Haimes
Publisher : Wiley-IEEE Press
Release : 2018-10-02
ISBN : 1119173655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to the theory, methodology, and development for modeling systems of systems Modeling and Managing Interdependent Complex Systems of Systems examines the complexity of, and the risk to, emergent interconnected and interdependent complex systems of systems in the natural and the constructed environment, and in its critical infrastructures. For systems modelers, this book focuses on what constitutes complexity and how to understand, model and manage it.Previous modeling methods for complex systems of systems were aimed at developing theory and methodologies for uncoupling the interdependencies and interconnections that characterize them. In this book, the author extends the above by utilizing public- and private- sector case studies; identifies, explores, and exploits the core of interdependencies; and seeks to understand their essence via the states of the system, and their dominant contributions to the complexity of systems of systems. The book proposes a reevaluation of fundamental and practical systems engineering and risk analysis concepts on complex systems of systems developed over the past 40 years. This important resource: Updates and streamlines systems engineering theory, methodology, and practice as applied to complex systems of systems Introduces modeling methodology inspired by philosophical and conceptual thinking from the arts and sciences Models the complexity of emergent interdependent and interconnected complex systems of systems by analyzing their shared states, decisions, resources, and decisionmakers Written for systems engineers, industrial engineers, managers, planners, academics and other professionals in engineering systems and the environment,this text is the resource for understanding the fundamental principles of modeling and managing complex systems of systems, and the risk thereto.

Modeling and managing complex systems

Modeling and managing complex systems Book
Author : Maik Maurer,Danilo Marcello Schmidt,Udo Lindemann
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 3446447261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dependency and Structure Modelling (DSM) techniques support the management of complexity by focusing attention on the elements of a complex system and how they are related to each other. The DSM perspective can assist in understanding, designing and optimising complex systems – including products, processes and organisations. This volume comprises peer-reviewed papers representing state-of-the-art in DSM research and applications. The papers were presented at the 17th International DSM Conference held in November 2015 in 2015 in Fort Worth (Texas, USA).

Decision Control Management and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems Quantitative Models

Decision Control  Management  and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems  Quantitative Models Book
Author : Pavlov, Yuri P.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN : 1466629681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to ensure the criteria for monitoring and managing the various problems and design for decision control, a mathematical description of exact human knowledge is required for the management of adaptive and complex systems. Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models presents an application and demonstration of a new mathematical technique for descriptions of complex systems. This comprehensive collection contains scientific results in the field of contemporary approaches to adaptive decision making that is essential for researchers, scholars, and students alike.

Eliciting Knowledge from Experts in Modeling of Complex Systems

Eliciting Knowledge from Experts in Modeling of Complex Systems Book
Author : Per Wikberg,Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för datavetenskap
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9789185895663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eliciting Knowledge from Experts in Modeling of Complex Systems book written by Per Wikberg,Linköpings universitet. Institutionen för datavetenskap, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Strategy for Managing Complex Systems

Strategy for Managing Complex Systems Book
Author : Fredmund Malik
Publisher : Campus Verlag
Release : 2016-05-12
ISBN : 3593505398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Malik demonstrates that management and management theory have strong foundations in systems science, and most specifically in a certain type of cybernetics of truly complex systems, of organismic, self-organizing, and evolving systems. This book provides the basics on how to create robust, functional, and sustainably viable systems. One of the reasons why it has become a classic on management cybernetics, now in its 11th edition, is that the strategies and heuristic principles of complexity management are still relevant - now more than ever."--Back cover.

Decision Making in Complex Systems

Decision Making in Complex Systems Book
Author : Marina V. Sokolova,Antonio Fernández-Caballero
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-01-13
ISBN : 9783642255434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of complex systems attracts the attention of many researchers in diverse fields. Complex systems are characterized by a high number of entities and a high degree of interactions. One of the most important features is that they do not involve a central organizing authority, but the various elements that make up the systems are self-organized. Moreover, some complex systems possess an emergency priority: climate change and sustainable development research, studies of public health, ecosystem habitats, epidemiology, and medicine, among others. Unfortunately, a great number of today’s overlapping approaches fail to meet the needs of decision makers when managing complex domains. Indeed, the design of complex systems often requires the integration of a number of artificial intelligence tools and techniques. The problem can be viewed in terms of goals, states, and actions, choosing the best action to move the system toward its desired state or behavior. This is why agent-based approaches are used to model complex systems. The main objective of this book is to bring together existing methods for decision support systems creation within a coherent agent-based framework and to provide an interdisciplinary and flexible methodology for modeling complex and systemic domains.

Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering

Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering Book
Author : Saurabh Mittal,Saikou Diallo,Andreas Tolk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 1119378869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive text that reviews the methods and technologies that explore emergent behavior in complex systems engineering in multidisciplinary fields In Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering, the authors present the theoretical considerations and the tools required to enable the study of emergent behaviors in manmade systems. Information Technology is key to today’s modern world. Scientific theories introduced in the last five decades can now be realized with the latest computational infrastructure. Modeling and simulation, along with Big Data technologies are at the forefront of such exploration and investigation. The text offers a number of simulation-based methods, technologies, and approaches that are designed to encourage the reader to incorporate simulation technologies to further their understanding of emergent behavior in complex systems. The authors present a resource for those designing, developing, managing, operating, and maintaining systems, including system of systems. The guide is designed to help better detect, analyse, understand, and manage the emergent behaviour inherent in complex systems engineering in order to reap the benefits of innovations and avoid the dangers of unforeseen consequences. This vital resource: Presents coverage of a wide range of simulation technologies Explores the subject of emergence through the lens of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Offers contributions from authors at the forefront of various related disciplines such as philosophy, science, engineering, sociology, and economics Contains information on the next generation of complex systems engineering Written for researchers, lecturers, and students, Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering provides an overview of the current discussions on complexity and emergence, and shows how systems engineering methods in general and simulation methods in particular can help in gaining new insights in complex systems engineering.

Modeling Complex Systems

Modeling Complex Systems Book
Author : John William Shuart,William D. Spaulding,Jeffrey Stephen Poland
Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0803213883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes contemporary approach to the modeling of complex cognitive and behavioral processes. This book provides examples of translational research ranging from clinical neuropsychology to self-actualization, from medical informatics to industrial psychology, from programmed learning to psychiatric rehabilitation.

Complex Systems Design Management

Complex Systems Design   Management Book
Author : Marc Aiguier,Francis Bretaudeau,Daniel Krob
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 9783642156540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains all refereed papers that were accepted to the “Complex Systems Design & Management” (CSDM 2010) international conference that took place in Paris (France), October 27 – 29, 2010 (Website: http://www.csdm2010.csdm.fr). These proceedings covers the most recent trends in the emerging field of complex systems sciences & practices from an industrial and academic perspective, including the main industrial domains (transport, defense & security, electronics, energy & environment, health, communications & media, e-services), scientific & technical topics (systems fundamentals, systems architecture & engineering, systems metrics & quality, systemic tools) and system types (transportation systems, embedded systems, software & information systems, systems of systems, artificial ecosystems). The CSDM 2010 conference is organized under the guidance of the CESAMES non profit organization (Website: http://www.cesames.net).

Visualizing Project Management

Visualizing Project Management Book
Author : Kevin Forsberg,Hal Mooz,Howard Cotterman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-11-11
ISBN : 0471746746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CLASSIC-REVISED AND EXPANDED Now Includes Downloadable Forms and Worksheets Projects are becoming the heart of business. This comprehensive revision of the bestselling guide to project management explains the processes, practices, and management techniques you need to implement a successful project culture within your team and enterprise. Visualizing Project Management simplifies the challenge of managing complex projects with powerful, visual models that have been adopted by more than 100 leading government and private organizations. In this new Third Edition, the authors-leading thinkers and practitioners in the field-keep you on the cutting edge with a sophisticated approach that integrates project management, systems engineering, and process improvement. This advanced content can help take your career and your organization well beyond the fundamentals. New, downloadable forms, templates, and worksheets make it easy to implement powerful project techniques and tools. Includes references to the Project Management Institute Body of Knowledge and the INCOSE Handbook to help you pass: The Project Management Professional Certification Exam The INCOSE Systems Engineer Certification Exam (CSEP) "I recommend this book to all those who aspire to project management [and] those who must supervise it." —Norman R. Augustine, former chairman and CEO Lockheed Martin Corporation "The importance of this excellent book, able to encompass these two key disciplines [systems engineering and project management], cannot be overemphasized." —Heinz Stoewer, President, INCOSE

Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications

Design Structure Matrix Methods and Applications Book
Author : Steven D. Eppinger,Tyson R. Browning
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0262017520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design structure matrix (DSM) is a straightforward and flexible modeling technique that can be used for designing, developing, and managing complex systems. DSM offers network modeling tools that represent the elements of a system and their interactions, thereby highlighting the system's architecture (or designed structure). Its advantages include compact format, visual nature, intuitive representation, powerful analytical capacity, and flexibility. Used primarily so far in the area of engineering management, DSM is increasingly being applied to complex issues in health care management, financial systems, public policy, natural sciences, and social systems. This book offers a clear and concise explanation of DSM methods for practitioners and researchers. The book's four sections correspond to the four primary types of DSM models, offering tools for representing product architectures, organization architectures, process architectures, and multidomain architectures (which combine different types of DSM models to represent multiple domains simultaneously). In each section, a chapter introducing the technique is followed by a chapter of examples showing a variety of applications of that DSM type. The forty-four applications represent a wide range of industries (including automotive, aerospace, electronics, building, and pharmaceutical), countries (among them Australia, Germany, Japan, Turkey, and the United States), and problems addressed (modularity, outsourcing, system integration, knowledge management, and others).

Decision Making in Complex Systems

Decision Making in Complex Systems Book
Author : Marina V. Sokolova,Antonio Fernández-Caballero
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-01-26
ISBN : 9783642255458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of complex systems attracts the attention of many researchers in diverse fields. Complex systems are characterized by a high number of entities and a high degree of interactions. One of the most important features is that they do not involve a central organizing authority, but the various elements that make up the systems are self-organized. Moreover, some complex systems possess an emergency priority: climate change and sustainable development research, studies of public health, ecosystem habitats, epidemiology, and medicine, among others. Unfortunately, a great number of today’s overlapping approaches fail to meet the needs of decision makers when managing complex domains. Indeed, the design of complex systems often requires the integration of a number of artificial intelligence tools and techniques. The problem can be viewed in terms of goals, states, and actions, choosing the best action to move the system toward its desired state or behavior. This is why agent-based approaches are used to model complex systems. The main objective of this book is to bring together existing methods for decision support systems creation within a coherent agent-based framework and to provide an interdisciplinary and flexible methodology for modeling complex and systemic domains.

Modeling and Managing Water Resource Systems for Water Quality

Modeling and Managing Water Resource Systems for Water Quality Book
Author : R. G. Willey
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Several state-of-the-art models are available for analyzing water quality conditions in complex reservoir systems for a given set of operational conditions. Some of these models can even make operational decisions regarding proper gate regulations to obtain a desirable water quality condition at a dam site for a given set of flow conditions. HEC-5Q, Simulation of Flood Control and Conversation Systems (Including Water Quality Analysis) computer model, has the unique capabilities to accept user-specified water quality needs system-wide and to decide how to regulate the network of reservoirs. The decision criteria are programmed to consider flood control, hydropower, instream flow (municipal, industrial, irrigation, water supply, fish habitat) and water quality requirements. The model use a linear programming algorithm to evaluate the 'best' operation of multilevel intakes at each reservoir in the system. The user may select to operate the system for a balanced reservoir pool operation and its associated water quality or to allow for a modified flow distribution between reservoirs to improve the water quality operation. HEC-5Q has been applied to the 10,000 square mile (26,000 square kilometer) drainage area of the Sacramento River System. The Sacramento system includes two tandem reservoirs, three parallel reservoirs and 400 miles (640 kilometers) of stream channel network.

Modeling and Simulation Based Systems Engineering Handbook

Modeling and Simulation Based Systems Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Daniele Gianni,Andrea D'Ambrogio,Andreas Tolk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-09
ISBN : 1466571462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The capability modeling and simulation (M&S) supplies for managing systems complexity and investigating systems behaviors has made it a central activity in the development of new and existing systems. However, a handbook that provides established M&S practices has not been available. Until now. Modeling and Simulation-Based Systems Engineering Handbook details the M&S practices for supporting systems engineering in diverse domains. It discusses how you can identify systems engineering needs and adapt these practices to suit specific application domains, thus avoiding redefining practices from scratch. Although M&S practices are used and embedded within individual disciplines, they are often developed in isolation. However, they address recurring problems common to all disciplines. The editors of this book tackled the challenge by recruiting key representatives from several communities, harmonizing the different perspectives derived from individual backgrounds, and lining them up with the book’s vision. The result is a collection of M&S systems engineering examples that offer an initial means for cross-domain capitalization of the knowledge, methodologies, and technologies developed in several communities. These examples provide the pros and cons of the methods and techniques available, lessons learned, and pitfalls to avoid. As our society moves further in the information era, knowledge and M&S capabilities become key enablers for the engineering of complex systems and systems of systems. Therefore, knowledge and M&S methodologies and technologies become valuable output in an engineering activity, and their cross-domain capitalization is key to further advance the future practices in systems engineering. This book collates information across disciplines to provide you with the tools to more efficiently design and manage complex systems that achieve their goals.

Managing Complex Systems

Managing Complex Systems Book
Author : Howard Eisner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-01-06
ISBN : 9781118006696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nine innovative methods to think outside the box and solve complex system problems Managing Complex Systems provides specific tools and guidance needed to be a more creative and innovative thinker. Following the author's methodology, the reader will be better able to devise and implement nontraditional solutions to seemingly intractable complex problems. By challenging the reader to think in new and creative ways, the book offers a road map to success, whether measured in terms of competitive advantage, greater market share, improved productivity, or higher profits, all based upon better solutions to difficult problems. The first four chapters set the foundation for creative thinking by exploring the nature of large-scale systems and complexity, thinking inside and outside the box, and examples of how an inventive mind solves problems in both management and scientific domains. Subsequent chapters address nine focused methods that the author has formulated to help the reader think outside the box: * Broaden and generalize * Crossover * Question conventional wisdom * Back of the envelope * Expanding the dimensions * Obversity * Remove constraints * Thinking with pictures * Systems approach Real-life examples are provided for each method that demonstrate how the approach enhances problem solving and decision making in system development and management. Following the discussion of the nine methods, the author examines group decision making as well as additional creative thinking procedures devised by other researchers, including references that assist in exploring these methods in greater detail. The author ends with a wrap-up chapter that includes a test to help readers practice their tendencies toward creative thinking skills and action with respect to solving real-world problems. The nine methods discussed in this book have broad applicability and can be used successfully by managers with a wide range of responsibilities in business and technology. For anyone who is tired of the same old approach with the same old results, this book is essential reading.

Complex Systems in Knowledge based Environments Theory Models and Applications

Complex Systems in Knowledge based Environments  Theory  Models and Applications Book
Author : Andreas Tolk
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-01-17
ISBN : 3540880747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The tremendous growth in the availability of inexpensive computing power and easy availability of computers have generated tremendous interest in the design and imp- mentation of Complex Systems. Computer-based solutions offer great support in the design of Complex Systems. Furthermore, Complex Systems are becoming incre- ingly complex themselves. This research book comprises a selection of state-of-the-art contributions to topics dealing with Complex Systems in a Knowledge-based En- ronment. Complex systems are ubiquitous. Examples comprise, but are not limited to System of Systems, Service-oriented Approaches, Agent-based Systems, and Complex Distributed Virtual Systems. These are application domains that require knowledge of engineering and management methods and are beyond the scope of traditional systems. The chapters in this book deal with a selection of topics which range from unc- tainty representation, management and the use of ontological means which support and are large-scale business integration. All contributions were invited and are based on the recognition of the expertise of the contributing authors in the field. By colle- ing these sources together in one volume, the intention was to present a variety of tools to the reader to assist in both study and work. The second intention was to show how the different facets presented in the chapters are complementary and contribute towards this emerging discipline designed to aid in the analysis of complex systems.

Methods and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems

Methods and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems Book
Author : Liang Li,Kyoko Hasegawa,Satoshi Tanaka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-17
ISBN : 9811328536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 18th Asia Simulation Conference, AsiaSim 2018, held in Kyoto, Japan, in August 2018. The 45 revised full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 90 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling and simulation technology; soft computing and machine learning; high performance computing and cloud computing; simulation technology for industry; simulation technology for intelligent society; simulation of instrumentation and control application; computational mathematics and computational science; flow simulation; visualization and computer vision to support simulation.

Understanding Complex Urban Systems Multidisciplinary Approaches to Modeling

Understanding Complex Urban Systems  Multidisciplinary Approaches to Modeling Book
Author : Christian Walloth,Jens Martin Gurr,J. Alexander Schmidt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-12-14
ISBN : 3319029967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding Complex Urban Systems takes as its point of departure the insight that the challenges of global urbanization and the complexity of urban systems cannot be understood – let alone ‘managed’ – by sectoral and disciplinary approaches alone. But while there has recently been significant progress in broadening and refining the methodologies for the quantitative modeling of complex urban systems, in deepening the theoretical understanding of cities as complex systems, or in illuminating the implications for urban planning, there is still a lack of well-founded conceptual thinking on the methodological foundations and the strategies of modeling urban complexity across the disciplines. Bringing together experts from the fields of urban and spatial planning, ecology, urban geography, real estate analysis, organizational cybernetics, stochastic optimization, and literary studies, as well as specialists in various systems approaches and in transdisciplinary methodologies of urban analysis, the volume seeks to advance the discussion on multidisciplinary approaches to urban modeling. While engaging with the ‘state of the art’ in their respective fields, the contributions are specifically written for both experts from a broad range of disciplines as well as for urban practitioners who feel the need for new approaches given the uncertainty of current developments.

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science Book
Author : Lorenzo Magnani,Tommaso Bertolotti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 3319305263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

E Learning in the Workplace

E Learning in the Workplace Book
Author : Minhong Wang
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 3319645323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes the nature and requirements of workplace e-learning based on relevant theories such as adult learning, community of practice, organizational learning, and the systems thinking. By integrating considerations on organization, pedagogy and technology, a performance-oriented e-learning framework is then presented, where performance measurement is used to: 1) clarify and link organizational goals and individual learning needs, 2) direct learning towards work performance; and 3) support social communication and knowledge sharing and management in the workplace. E-learning and related emerging technologies have been increasingly used by organizations to enhance the skills and performance of knowledge workers. However, most of the efforts tend to focus on the technology, ignoring the organizational context and relevant pedagogies of workplace learning. Many e-learning projects in the workplace settings fail to connect learning with work performance and align organizational goals and individual needs in a systemic way. Moreover, there is insufficient effort on externalizing and transferring tacit knowledge embedded in practices and expertise, based on which to maintain and expand knowledge assets for sustainable development. The book presents a systemic theoretical framework, design principles, and implementation methods, together with a case study to demonstrate the use and effectiveness of the performance-oriented approach to workplace e-learning, in which organizational, social and individual perspectives are integrated in a systemic way. The performance-oriented approach to workplace e-learning enables self-regulated and socially constructed learning activities to be clearly motivated and driven towards the goal of performance improvement, and makes learning at the organizational, social and individual levels integrated in a systemic way. The effects of individual and social learning support and organizational learning environment on employees’ motivation to use performance-oriented e-learning are also investigated.