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Minimized Cardiopulmonary Bypass Techniques And Technologies

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Minimized Cardiopulmonary Bypass Techniques and Technologies

Minimized Cardiopulmonary Bypass Techniques and Technologies Book
Author : Terence Gourlay,Serdar Gunaydin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-04-19
ISBN : 0857096028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) techniques have suffered from a number of disadvantages including haemodilution, inflammation and post-operative bleeding. Minimised cardiopulmonary bypass techniques use developments in perfusion technology to significantly reduce foreign surface-blood interactions to make bypass simpler and safer. This important book reviews key developments and issues relating to this promising technology. Part one covers the broad range of CPB pathophysiology, including anticoagulant protocols, the impact of CPB circuit surfaces, optimal haemodilution levels, and the important issue of CPB-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Part two focuses on the issues of the new equipment developed for mini-CPB, optimal myocardial protection protocols and CPB perfusate options. Part three discusses clinical issues, including patient selection, coronary and valve surgery protocols and, among others, paediatric patients. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Minimized cardiopulmonary bypass techniques and technologies is a valuable reference for cardiac surgery teams and those researching this important technology. Covers a broad range of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) pathophysiology, including anticoagulant protocols, the impact of CPB circuit surfaces and optimal haemodilution levels Focuses on new equipment specially developed for minimized-CPB and myocardial protection protocols Discusses clinical issues, including patient selection

Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Mechanical Support

Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Mechanical Support Book
Author : Glenn P. Gravlee,Richard F. Davis,John Hammon,Barry Kussman
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2015-10-13
ISBN : 149633003X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a unique, multidisciplinary approach to the complexities of CPB, the 4th Edition of Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Mechanical Support: Principles & Practice remains the gold standard in the field. This edition brings you fully up to date with every aspect of cardiopulmonary bypass, including new information on management of pediatric patients, CPB’s role with minimally invasive and robotic cardiac surgery, mechanical circulatory support, miniaturized circuits and CPB, sickle cell disease and CPB management, and much more. A newly expanded title reflects the rapidly evolving nature of extracorporeal technology, encompassing both short-term and long-term forms of cardiac and pulmonary support.

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures

Surgical Techniques in Total Knee Arthroplasty and Alternative Procedures Book
Author : Saverio Affatato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 178242038X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is commonly considered to be a reliable procedure, with high implant survival rates at 10 to 15 years of follow-up. The goal of total knee replacement surgery is to relieve pain and obtain better knee function. This is achieved by ensuring correct patient selection, pre-operative deformity, implant design and accurate surgical techniques. This book covers a range of techniques for the realisation of functional joint motion and stability. The first part of the book will describe fundamentals in total knee arthroplasty and alternative procedures. The second half will look at surgical techniques and considerations whilst the final chapters will address future trends and challenges in the field of knee surgery. This book will be an essential reference for academics, orthopaedic surgeons, and those training in medicine, physiatry and rheumatology.

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology Book
Author : P.A. Revell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-13
ISBN : 0857098470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of Joint Replacement Technology provides a thoroughly updated review of recent developments in joint replacement technology. Joint replacement is a standard treatment for joint degradation and has improved the quality of life of millions of patients. Collaboration between clinicians and researchers is critical to its continued success and to meet the rising expectations of patients and surgeons. Part one introduces the advances in joint replacement technology, tribological considerations and experiments, and immune and regenerative responses to joint replacements. Part two covers the materials and techniques used in joint replacement. The advantages and disadvantages of different metals are explained here, as well as the use of ceramics. This section also addresses challenges in joint bearing surfaces, design, and cementless fixation techniques. Biological and mechanical issues are considered in part three, including healing responses to implants and biological causes of prosthetic joint failure, and a new chapter on imaging of joint prostheses. Each chapter in part four describes the clinical challenges of replacing specific joints, with specific focus on hip, knee, intervertebral disc joint, shoulder arthroplasty, elbow arthroplasty, and pyrocarbon small joint arthroplasty. Thanks to its widespread collaboration and international contributors, Joint Replacement Technology is useful for materials scientists and engineers in both academia and biomedical industry. Chemists, clinicians, and other researchers in this area will also find it invaluable. This second edition provides an updated comprehensive review of recent developments in joint replacement technology Provides coverage for the most pertinent materials science and engineering issues in depth Reviews the specific joints, biological and mechanical issues and fixation techniques

Advanced Cardiac Imaging

Advanced Cardiac Imaging Book
Author : Koen Nieman,Oliver Gaemperli,Patrizio Lancellotti,Sven Plein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-16
ISBN : 1782422943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Cardiac Imaging presents the latest information on heart disease and heart failure, major causes of death among western populations. In addition, the text explores the financial burden to public healthcare trusts and the vast amount of research and funding being channeled into programs not only to prevent such diseases, but also to diagnose them in early stages. This book provides readers with a thorough overview of many advances in cardiac imaging. Chapters include technological developments in cardiac imaging and imaging applications in a clinical setting with regard to detecting various types of heart disease. Presents a thorough overview of cardiac imaging technology Addresses specific applications for a number of cardiac diseases and how they can improve diagnoses and treatment protocols Includes technological developments in cardiac imaging and imaging applications in a clinical setting

Cardiac Regeneration and Repair

Cardiac Regeneration and Repair Book
Author : Ren-Ke Li,Richard D. Weisel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-17
ISBN : 0857096710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiac Regeneration and Repair, Volume Two reviews the use of biomaterials, alone or combined with cell therapy, in providing tissue-engineered constructs to repair the injured heart and prevent or reverse heart failure. Part one explores the variety of biomaterials available for cardiac repair, including nanomaterials and hydrogels. Further chapters explore the use of biomaterials to enhance stem cell therapy for restoring ventricular function and generating stem cell-modified intravascular stents. Part two focuses on tissue engineering for cardiac repair, including chapters on decellularized biologic scaffolds, synthetic scaffolds, cell sheet engineering, maturation of functional cardiac tissue patches, vascularized engineered tissues for in vivo and in vitro applications, and clinical considerations for cardiac tissue engineering. Finally, part three explores vascular remodeling, including chapters highlighting aortic extracellular matrix remodeling, cell-biomaterial interactions for blood vessel formation, and stem cells for tissue-engineered blood vessels. Cardiac Regeneration and Repair, Volume Two is complemented by an initial volume covering pathology and therapies. Together, the two volumes of Cardiac Regeneration and Repair provide a comprehensive resource for clinicians, scientists, or academicians fascinated with cardiac regeneration, including those interested in cell therapy, tissue engineering, or biomaterials. Surveys the variety of biomaterials available for cardiac repair, including nanomaterials and hydrogels. Focuses on tissue engineering for cardiac repair including clinical considerations for cardiac tissue engineering Explores vascular remodeling, highlighting aortic extracellular matrix remodeling, cell-biomaterial interactions for blood vessel formation, and stem cells for tissue-engineered blood vessels

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals Book
Author : Ram Sarup Singh,Reeta Rani Singhania,Ashok Pandey,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-31
ISBN : 0444641157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass, Biofuels and Biochemicals: Advances in Enzyme Technology provides state-of-the-art information on the fundamental aspects and current perspectives in enzyme technology to graduate students, postgraduates and researchers working in industry and academia. The book provides information about the use of enzyme technology as an important tool for biotechnological processes, including food, feed, fuels, textiles, paper, energy and environmental applications. The search for improvements in existing enzyme-catalyzed processes dictates the need to update information on various enzyme technologies. The book gives a snapshot of current practice and research in the area of enzyme technology. Includes current and emerging technologies for the development of novel enzyme catalysis Outlines immobilized enzymes and their implications Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools Includes metabolic engineering principles for improving industrial enzymes

Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration

Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration Book
Author : P. Dubruel,S. Van Vlierberghe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-09
ISBN : 0857098101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration provides a comprehensive review of currently available biomaterials and how they can be applied in bone regeneration. In recent decades, there has been a shift from the idea of using biomaterials as passive substitutes for damaged bones towards the concept of biomaterials as aids for the regeneration of a host's own bone tissue. This has generated an important field of research and a range of technological developments. Part one of this book discusses a wide range of materials, including calcium phosphate cements, hydrogels, biopolymers, synthetic polymers, and shape memory polymers. Part two then turns to the processing and surface modification of biomaterials, as well as how biomaterials can be evaluated both for their mechanical properties and for immunocompatibility with the host. Finally, part three covers a variety of cellular approaches, and production and delivery of biomaterials for bone regeneration. Chapters also consider the potential of electromagnetic and ultrasonic stimulation of biomaterials to aid in the regenerative process. Novel Biomaterials for Bone Regeneration represents an important resource for academics, clinicians, and industry professionals working in the area of biomedical materials, providing them with both an overview of the current state-of-the-art, and an indication of potential future developments. Provides comprehensive coverage of novel materials, techniques, and applications of biomaterials for bone regeneration Provides vital information on the various types of materials used in bone regeneration Discusses processing, modification, and evaluation techniques of biomaterials, and looks at cellular approaches and stimulation of biomaterials for bone regeneration

Erythropoietin

Erythropoietin Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-01
ISBN : 0128122668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Erythropoietin, Volume 105, the latest release in the Vitamins and Hormones series first published in 1943, and the longest-running serial published by Academic Press, provides up-to-date information on crystal structures and basic structural studies on neurotrophins and their receptors, neurotrophin functions and the biological actions of neurotrophins related to clinical conditions and disease. Topics covered in this new volume include Erythropoietin Receptor Structural Domains, Analysis of the Asymmetry of Activated EPO Receptor Enables Designing Small Molecule Agonists, Endogenous Erythropoietin, Erythropoietin Receptor Signaling and Lipid Rafts, and Erythropoietin and Hypothalamic-Pituitary Axis. Each thoroughly reviewed volume focuses on a single molecule or disease that is related to vitamins or hormones, with the topic broadly interpreted to include related substances, such as transmitters, cytokines, growth factors and others. This volume documents the activities of this vital molecule, also describing the structure and function of erythropoietin and its receptor. Presents the latest information on erythropoietin Provides a long-running series that focuses on updates and advances in vitamins and hormones Covers single molecules or diseases that are related to vitamins or hormones, with the topic broadly interpreted to include related substances

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling Book
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1782423133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials Book
Author : Rui Vilar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-15
ISBN : 0081009429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-30
ISBN : 1782420835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications. Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Biomedical Foams for Tissue Engineering Applications

Biomedical Foams for Tissue Engineering Applications Book
Author : Paulo Netti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-28
ISBN : 0857097032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomedical foams are a new class of materials, which are increasingly being used for tissue engineering applications. Biomedical Foams for Tissue Engineering Applications provides a comprehensive review of this new class of materials, whose structure can be engineered to meet the requirements of nutrient trafficking and cell and tissue invasion, and to tune the degradation rate and mechanical stability on the specific tissue to be repaired. Part one explores the fundamentals, properties, and modification of biomedical foams, including the optimal design and manufacture of biomedical foam pore structure for tissue engineering applications, biodegradable biomedical foam scaffolds, tailoring the pore structure of foam scaffolds for nerve regeneration, and tailoring properties of polymeric biomedical foams. Chapters in part two focus on tissue engineering applications of biomedical foams, including the use of bioactive glass foams for tissue engineering applications, bioactive glass and glass-ceramic foam scaffolds for bone tissue restoration, composite biomedical foams for engineering bone tissue, injectable biomedical foams for bone regeneration, polylactic acid (PLA) biomedical foams for tissue engineering, porous hydrogel biomedical foam scaffolds for tissue repair, and titanium biomedical foams for osseointegration. Biomedical Foams for Tissue Engineering Applications is a technical resource for researchers and developers in the field of biomaterials, and academics and students of biomedical engineering and regenerative medicine. Explores the fundamentals, properties, and modification of biomedical foams Includes intense focus on tissue engineering applications of biomedical foams A technical resource for researchers and developers in the field of biomaterials, and academics and students of biomedical engineering and regenerative medicine

Biomaterials and Medical Device Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device   Associated Infections Book
Author : L Barnes,Ian Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-21
ISBN : 0857097229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Subhas Kundu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-03-24
ISBN : 0857097067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silk is increasingly being used as a biomaterial for tissue engineering applications, as well as sutures, due to its unique mechanical and chemical properties. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the properties of silk that make it useful for medical purposes and its applications in this area. Part one introduces silk biomaterials, discussing their fundamentals and how they are processed, and considering different types of silk biomaterials. Part two focuses on the properties and behavior of silk biomaterials and the implications of this for their applications in biomedicine. These chapters focus on topics including biodegradation, bio-response to silk sericin, and capillary growth behavior in porous silk films. Finally, part three discusses the applications of silk biomaterials for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and biomedicine, with chapters on the use of silk biomaterials for vertebral, dental, dermal, and cardiac tissue engineering. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine is an important resource for materials and tissue engineering scientists, R&D departments in industry and academia, and academics with an interest in the fields of biomaterials and tissue engineering. Discusses the properties and applications of silk for medical purposes Considers pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : L Yahia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 0857097059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Standardisation in Cell and Tissue Engineering

Standardisation in Cell and Tissue Engineering Book
Author : V Salih
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0857098721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increased use of biodegradable synthetic or natural scaffolds combined with cells and/or biological molecules, in order to create functional replacement tissue in a damaged tissue site, has led to the need for the development of ‘best practice’ methods in the area of tissue engineering to help ensure the creation of safe, high quality products. Standardisation in cell and tissue engineering introduces concepts and current practice in the field of cell and tissue engineering to a wide audience and aims to provide awareness of the importance of standardisation in this area while suggesting directions for further investigation. Part one provides an overview of methods for cell and tissue engineering and includes chapters on the fundamentals of cell and matrix biology for tissue engineering, 3D collagen biomatrix development, and control and vascularisation of tissue-engineered constructs. Part two begins with a chapter exploring the methods and protocols of standardisation in cell and tissue engineering before moving on to highlight issues of quality control in cell and tissue engineering, standardised chemical analysis and testing of biomaterials and principles of good laboratory practice (GLP) for in vitro cell culture applications. Standardisation in cell and tissue engineering is a standard reference for leading research groups, government agencies, regulatory bodies, and researchers and technicians at all levels across the whole range of disciplines using cell culture within the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and biomedical industries. Introduces concepts and current practice in the field of cell and tissue engineering Highlights the importance of standardisation in cell and tissue engineering and suggests directions for further investigation Explores methods and protocols of standardisation in cell and tissue engineering and issues of quality control in cell and tissue engineering

Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials in Tissue Engineering Book
Author : A K Gaharwar,S Sant,M J Hancock,S A Hacking
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 0857097237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterial technologies can be used to fabricate high-performance biomaterials with tailored physical, chemical, and biological properties. They are therefore an area of interest for emerging biomedical technologies such as scaffolding, tissue regeneration, and controlled drug delivery. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and the use of these materials across a range of tissue engineering applications. Part one focuses on the fabrication of nanomaterials for tissue engineering applications and includes chapters on engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials. Part two goes on to highlight the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering. Finally, the use of nanomaterials in hard tissue engineering applications, including bone, dental and craniofacial tissue engineering is discussed in part three. Nanomaterials in tissue engineering is a standard reference for researchers and tissue engineers with an interest in nanomaterials, laboratories investigating biomaterials, and academics interested in materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering and biological sciences. Explores the fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials and their use across a range of tissue engineering applications Examines engineering nanoporous biomaterials, layer-by-layer self-assembly techniques for nanostructured devices, and the synthesis of carbon based nanomaterials Highlights the application of nanomaterials in soft tissue engineering and includes chapters on cardiac, neural, and cartilage tissue engineering

Implantable Sensor Systems for Medical Applications

Implantable Sensor Systems for Medical Applications Book
Author : Andreas Inmann,Diana Hodgins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-01-02
ISBN : 0857096281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Implantable sensor systems offer great potential for enhanced medical care and improved quality of life, consequently leading to major investment in this exciting field. Implantable sensor systems for medical applications provides a wide-ranging overview of the core technologies, key challenges and main issues related to the development and use of these devices in a diverse range of medical applications. Part one reviews the fundamentals of implantable systems, including materials and material-tissue interfaces, packaging and coatings, microassembly, electrode array design and fabrication, and the use of biofuel cells as sustainable power sources. Part two goes on to consider the challenges associated with implantable systems. Biocompatibility, sterilization considerations and the development of active implantable medical devices in a regulated environment are discussed, along with issues regarding data protection and patient privacy in medical sensor networks. Applications of implantable systems are then discussed in part three, beginning with Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) for in-vivo applications before further exploration of tripolar interfaces for neural recording, sensors for motor neuroprostheses, implantable wireless body area networks and retina implants. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Implantable sensor systems for medical applications is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the design, development and application of these life-changing technologies. Provides a wide-ranging overview of the core technologies, key challenges and main issues related to the development and use of implantable sensor systems in a range of medical applications Reviews the fundamentals of implantable systems, including materials and material-tissue interfaces, packaging and coatings, and microassembly Considers the challenges associated with implantable systems, including biocompatibility and sterilization

Bio Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants

Bio Tribocorrosion in Biomaterials and Medical Implants Book
Author : Yu Yan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0857098608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During their service life, most biomaterials and medical implants are vulnerable to tribological damage. In addition, the environments in which they are placed are often corrosive. The combination of triobology, corrosion and the biological environment has been named ‘bio-tribocorrosion’. Understanding this complex phenomenon is critical to improving the design and service life of medical implants. This important book reviews recent key research in this area. After an introduction to the topography of bio-tribocorrosion, Part one discusses different types of tribocorrosion including fatigue-corrosion, fretting-corrosion, wear-corrosion and abrasion-corrosion. The book also discusses the prediction of wear in medical devices. Part two looks at biological effects on tribocorrosion processes, including how proteins interact with material surfaces and the evolution of surface changes due to bio-tribocorrosion resulting from biofilms and passive films. Part three reviews the issue of bio-tribocorrosion in clinical practice, including dental applications and joint replacement as well the use of coatings and test methods for bio-tribocorrosion. With its international team of contributors, Bio-tribocorrosion in biomaterials and medical implants is a standard reference for those researching and developing medical devices as well as clinicians in such areas as dentistry and orthopaedic surgery. Reviews recent research in bio-tribocorrosion and its role in improving the design and service life of medical implants Discusses types of bio-tribocorrosion including fatigue and wear corrosion Examines biological effects on bio-tribocorrosion processes including interaction of proteins with metal surfaces