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Mine Waste Hydrogeochemistry

Mine Waste Hydrogeochemistry Book
Author : D. Kirk Nordstrom,David Blowes,Carol Ptacek,Heather Jamieson,Ian Ritchie,Rob Bowell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 9780128113790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mine Waste Hydrogeochemistry covers all the fundamental properties and principles associated with metal mining and coal mining wastes, their environmental consequences, and their remediation. It provides a solid scientific basis for planning and managing solid and liquid wastes from mining activities which will inform students, researchers, engineers, and mine managers. The degradation of air quality, water quality, and soil and sediment quality from mining activities involves complex processes involving physics, chemistry, microbiology, fluid dynamics, and mineralogy and mineral processing. This subject matter is complex and requires technical skill in laboratory work, field work, and theoretical calculations. This book provides the most up-to-date synthesis of the numerous papers and studies on this subject available in one book for students, instructors, consultants, and researchers. Mine Waste Hydrogeochemistry is intended to fill that void. Covers the basic scientific principles necessary to understand mine waste contamination Includes real-world examples of remediation activities and their successes and failures Synthesizes information gained from hundreds of studies including tailings and waste piles worldwide, stream and river studies affected by mine drainage, and mineralogical characterization combined with water compositions

Hydrogeochemistry of Hard rock Mine Waste in a a Semi arid Climate

Hydrogeochemistry of Hard rock Mine Waste in a a Semi arid Climate Book
Author : Fairda Malem
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrogeochemistry of Hard rock Mine Waste in a a Semi arid Climate book written by Fairda Malem, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mine Water Hydrogeology and Geochemistry

Mine Water Hydrogeology and Geochemistry Book
Author : Paul L. Younger,N. S. Robins
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781862391130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mine Water Hydrogeology and Geochemistry book written by Paul L. Younger,N. S. Robins, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Tailings and Mine Waste 08

Tailings and Mine Waste  08 Book
Author : The Organizing Committee of the 12th International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-11-17
ISBN : 020388230X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tailings and Mine Waste08 contains papers from the twelfth annual Tailings and Mine Waste Conference, held by Colorado State University of Fort Collins, Colorado. The purpose of this series of conferences is to provide a forum for discussion and establishment of dialogue among all people in the mining industry and environmental community regardin

Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of an Unconsolidated Aquifer Downgradient from an Oxidized Sulfidic Mine Tailings Impoundment

Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of an Unconsolidated Aquifer Downgradient from an Oxidized  Sulfidic Mine Tailings Impoundment Book
Author : Robert H. Lambeth
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Contamination of ground and surface water by the oxidation products from sulfidic mine waste impoundments is a widespread environmental problem. To help alleviate this problem a program was designed whereby an oxidizing sulfidic waste impoundment was to be studied to characterize probable mechanisms of oxidation in the impoundment as well as the fate of metals as they were transported downgradient. From this information methods of controlling dissolved metal transport were to be identified. A field site with a mine tailings impoundment which is releasing mine waste-derived heavy metals into an unconsolidated aquifer was sampled and characterized. Piezometers were installed upgradient from, within, and downgradient from the waste. During a 2.5 year period water samples were collected and analyzed for 17 dissolved constituents, and field measurements for pH, redox potential, dissolved oxygen, temperature, alkalinity, conductivity were made. Results indicated that at the site dissolution occurs as a consequence of oxidation of sulfide minerals in the unsaturated zone of the mine waste. Infiltrating seasonal precipitation carries the oxidation products downward into the saturated zone and into an underlying aquifer. Below the impoundment this metal-rich acid water is partially neutralized by calcareous strata, and precipitation of pH-sensitive species occurs oxygen consumption. Downgradient attenuation oxidized mineral species and increased oxygen without significant correlates with more consumption. Because oxidation of dissolved metal and attendant coprecipitation was identified as a primary mechanism of attenuation, air injection at a location immediately downgradient from the impoundment is postulated as a method of increasing oxidation rates and coprecipitation efficiency."--Document.

Hydrogeochemical Determination of the Salt Load from Copper Mine Waste in the Bushveld Igneous Complex

Hydrogeochemical Determination of the Salt Load from Copper Mine Waste in the Bushveld Igneous Complex Book
Author : Georges Pascal Moukodi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Hydrogeochemical Determination of the Salt Load from Copper Mine Waste in the Bushveld Igneous Complex book written by Georges Pascal Moukodi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hydrogeochemical Evaluation and Impact of Remediation Design on Arsenic Mobility at Historical Gold Mine Sites

Hydrogeochemical Evaluation and Impact of Remediation Design on Arsenic Mobility at Historical Gold Mine Sites Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Historical gold mine tailings at several sites in Nova Scotia, Canada are publicly accessible and may pose a threat to human and ecosystem health because of high arsenic (As) concentrations in the tailings (max 25 wt.%) and associated pore waters (up to 100 mg/L). Two of these sites, Montague and Goldenville, are under consideration for remediation. Similar tailings sites have been cleaned up by covering the mine wastes with soil. However, the tailings at Montague and Goldenville have been weathering for at least 70 years, leading to a wide range of As-bearing secondary minerals which may dissolve under a soil cover, releasing As to local waters. The challenge of remediating these heterogeneous tailings lies in the different Eh-pH niches in which iron arsenates (oxidizing, acidic), calcium-iron-arsenates (oxidizing, alkaline), and sulfides (reducing) are stable. The main objectives of this study were to: 1) characterize pre-remediation geochemical controls on As mobility in subsurface tailings; 2) establish hydrogeological influences on As mobility; and 3) identify geochemical changes that result when a low organic soil cover is applied to the tailings. Pore water measurements were combined with bulk chemistry, scanning electron microscopy, and synchrotron micro-X-ray diffraction analyses, which were used to characterize the mineralogical composition of the tailings. Groundwater and surface water flow regimes throughout the tailings were defined through the use of piezometers and hydraulic conductivity measurements. Laboratory leaching experiments were used to assess the effects of a soil cover on the tailings. Variable weathering conditions over time have resulted in a continuum of saturation and redox environments and a range of As hosts in the tailings. In some areas, tailings pore waters are mixing with stream waters leading to As transport beyond the tailings. Applying a low organic soil cover does not induce reducing conditions in the tailings or cause dissolved As concentrations to increase compared to field pore water concentrations. This type of soil cover is effective in slowing sulfide mineral oxidation while maintaining stable conditions for secondary As-phases. The results of this research can be used to inform remediation decisions and guide ongoing environmental management of historical gold mine sites.

Quantification Methods and Management of Hydrogeochemistry in Decommissioned Collieries of the Mpumalanga Coalfields

Quantification Methods and Management of Hydrogeochemistry in Decommissioned Collieries of the Mpumalanga Coalfields Book
Author : Altus Huisamen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mine water chemistry and its evolution has been the focus of various studies. However, these studies were primarily based on data from underground mines, pit lakes and mining waste dumps. Backfilled opencast mines have received limited attention in this regard and were postulated to undergo an initial flush, in a similar fashion to underground mines. Previous work in the prediction of mine water quality focussed on the fitting of an idealised decay rate curve to existing mine water chemistry data, analytical calculations, simplified geochemical modelling approaches and numerical transport models. This study has taken components from these approaches to predict the evolution of mine water quality from backfilled opencast mines, during the initial flush, but with an additional component, defining it as a new approach. This component is calibration of geochemical modelling data and numerical flow and transport modelling data, with existing groundwater monitoring data over a short term, relative to the duration of the initial flush. Laboratory analyses were further used to augment the calibration process in various steps. Results obtained show that the initial flush in backfilled opencast mines is likely to last 20 to 100 years, depending on site specific conditions. To further understand this duration, speciation modelling and statistical analysis was undertaken to determine controlling mineral phases in solution at backfilled opencast coal mines. Pyrite, gypsum, calcite, kaolinite and possible smectite were identified as the major controlling mineral phases in mine water chemistry of backfilled opencast coal mines at the study sites used for this thesis. Based on the understanding of the controlling mineral phases in solution and the calibrated mine water quality predictions made, the study also proposed the maximisation of water addition to backfilled opencast coal mines as a means to accelerate the initial flush, potentially turning contaminated mine water into a resource.

The Hydrogeochemistry of the Waste and Low Grade Stockpiles of Ranger Uranium Mine

The Hydrogeochemistry of the Waste and Low Grade Stockpiles of Ranger Uranium Mine Book
Author : Gregory J. Shirtliff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Hydrogeochemistry of the Waste and Low Grade Stockpiles of Ranger Uranium Mine book written by Gregory J. Shirtliff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mine Wastes

Mine Wastes Book
Author : Bernd G. Lottermoser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007
ISBN : 3540486291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the accumulation of wastes at mine, including sulfidic mine wastes, mine water, tailings, cyanidation wastes of gold-silver ores, radioactive wastes of uranium ores, and wastes of phosphate and potash ores. The updated second edition includes new case studies; presents crucial aspects of mine wastes as scientific issues; reflects major developments and contemporary issues in mine waste science; additional figures; and an updated reference list.

The Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Mine wastes

The Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Mine wastes Book
Author : David W. Blowes,J. L. Jambor
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Mine wastes book written by David W. Blowes,J. L. Jambor, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Geochemistry

Environmental Geochemistry Book
Author : Heinrich D. Holland,B. Sherwood Lollar,Karl K. Turekian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-06-04
ISBN : 9780080446431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summary of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade. Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes. Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools.

Hard Rock Mine Reclamation

Hard Rock Mine Reclamation Book
Author : Bruno Bussière,Marie Guittonny
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 1351680757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hard rock mines have significant effects on the territories where they operate, through both infrastructure construction as well as resource use. Due to their extractive activities, these mines store large quantities of wastes at the surface, which can be both physically and chemically unstable. Reclamation aims to return a mine site to a satisfactory state, meaning that the site should not threaten human health or security, should not generate in the long term any contaminant that could significantly affect the surrounding environment, and should be aesthetically acceptable to communities. This book focuses on the reclamation of waste storage areas, which constitute the main source of pollution during and after mine operations, and especially issues with acid mine drainage and neutral contaminated drainage. Features: Provides fundamental information and describes practical methods to reclaim mine-waste facilities Compares the different methods and illustrates their application at sites through case studies Identifies new reclamation issues and proposes solutions to address them Presents existing and new technologies to reclaim mine waste disposal areas from hard rock mines in different climatic conditions Integrates reclamation into mine operations and long term performance of techniques used through an interdisciplinary approach With mine site reclamation a young and still emerging science, the training needs for professionals and students working in this field are huge. This book is written from an engineering point of view and in it the authors identify new reclamation issues and propose well-tested as well as innovative approaches to addressing them. Students in graduate programs focused on mines and the environment as well as professionals already working in departments related to mine site reclamation will find this book to be a valuable and essential resource.

Mine Wastes

Mine Wastes Book
Author : Bernd Lottermoser
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-09
ISBN : 9783642124198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is not designed to be an exhaustive work on mine wastes. It aims to serve undergraduate students who wish to gain an overview and an understanding of wastes produced in the mineral industry. An introductory textbook addressing the science of such wastes is not available to students despite the importance of the mineral industry as a resource, wealth and job provider. Also, the growing imp- tance of the topics mine wastes, mine site pollution and mine site rehabilitation in universities, research organizations and industry requires a textbook suitable for undergraduate students. Until recently, undergraduate earth science courses tended to follow rather classical lines, focused on the teaching of palaeontology, cryst- lography, mineralogy, petrology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, structural geology, and ore deposit geology. However, today and in the future, earth science teachers and students also need to be familiar with other subject areas. In particular, earth science curriculums need to address land and water degradation as well as rehabili- tion issues. These topics are becoming more important to society, and an increasing number of earth science students are pursuing career paths in this sector. Mine site rehabilitation and mine waste science are examples of newly emerging disciplines. This book has arisen out of teaching mine waste science to undergraduate and graduate science students and the frustration at having no appropriate text which documents the scienti?c fundamentals of such wastes.

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Selected Water Resources Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Ground Water Geochemistry

Introduction to Ground Water Geochemistry Book
Author : Brian Hitchon,E. H. Perkins,William D. Gunter
Publisher : Edmonton, Alta. : Alberta Research Council
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introduction to Ground Water Geochemistry book written by Brian Hitchon,E. H. Perkins,William D. Gunter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Geochemistry Research Advances

Geochemistry Research Advances Book
Author : Olafur Stefánsson
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781604562156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of geochemistry involves study of the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets, chemical processes and reactions that govern the composition of rocks and soils, and the cycles of matter and energy that transport the Earth's chemical components in time and space, and their interaction with the hydrosphere and the atmosphere. This book presents leading research in the field. Preface; Implications of complex glacial deposits for till geochemical exploration: Examples from the central Fennoscandian ice sheet; Geochemical modelling of concentrated mine waters: A comparison of the Pitzer ion-interaction theory with the ion-association model for the study of melanterite solubility in San Telmo mine (Huelva, Spain); Geochemical Anomalies Connected with Great Earthquakes in China; Structural Characterisation of Kerogen by Ruthenium Tetroxide Oxidation; Mucous Macroaggregates in the Northern Adriatic; Geochemical signals and paleoclimate changes in a 16,000 14C year sedimentary record from Lake Gucheng, eastern China; Biogeochemical evaluation of soil covers for base metal tailings, Ag-Pb-Zn Cannington mine, Australia; The Geochemical Characteristics of Rare Earth Elements in Granitic Laterites in Hainan Island, China; Index.

Contamination of Water

Contamination of Water Book
Author : Arif Ahamad,Sharf Elahi Siddiqui,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 0128240598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk