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Microrna In Regenerative Medicine

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MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine

MicroRNA in Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Chandan K. Sen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-26
ISBN : 0124058582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work encapsulates the uses of miRNA across stem cells, developmental biology, tissue injury and tissue regeneration. In particular contributors provide focused coverage of methodologies, intervention and tissue engineering. Regulating virtually all biological processes, the genome’s 1048 encoded microRNAs appear to hold considerable promise for the potential repair and regeneration of tissues and organs in future therapies. In this work, 50 experts address key topics of this fast-emerging field. Concisely summarizing and evaluating key findings emerging from fundamental research into translational application, they point to the current and future significance of clinical research in the miRNA area. Coverage encompasses all major aspects of fundamental stem cell and developmental biology, including the uses of miRNA across repair and regeneration, and special coverage of methodologies and interventions as they point towards organ and tissue engineering Multi-colour text layout with 150 colour figures to illustrate important findings Take home messages encapsulate key lessons throughout text Short chapters offer focused discussion and clear ‘voice’

RNAi and MicroRNA Mediated Gene Regulation in Stem Cells

RNAi and MicroRNA Mediated Gene Regulation in Stem Cells Book
Author : Baohong Zhang,Edmund J. Stellwag
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2010-08-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cutting-edge text will be a valuable resource for scientists and aspiring graduate students interested in the intersection of RNAi, miRNA, and stem cell molecular biology and exciting areas of research such as regenerative medicine and cancer.

Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells

Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells Book
Author : Gary Hime,Helen Abud
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-22
ISBN : 9400766211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume describes the latest findings on transcriptional and translational regulation of stem cells. Both transcriptional activators and repressors have been shown to be crucial for the maintenance of the stem cell state. A key element of stem cell maintenance is repression of differentiation factors or developmental genes – achieved transcriptionally, epigenetically by the Polycomb complex, and post-transcriptionally by RNA-binding proteins and microRNAs. This volume takes two approaches to this topic – (1) illustrating the general principles outlined above through a series of different stem cell examples – embryonic, iPS and adult stem cells, and (2) describing several molecular families that have been shown to have roles in regulation of multiple stem cell populations.

Current Perspectives in microRNAs miRNA

Current Perspectives in microRNAs  miRNA  Book
Author : Shao-Yao Ying
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-12
ISBN : 1402085338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nearly 97% of the human genome is the non-coding DNA, which varies from one species to another, and changes in these sequences are frequently noticed to manifest clinical and circumstantial malfunction. Numerous non-protein-coding genes are recently found to encode microRNAs, which are responsible for RNA-mediated gene silencing through RNA interference (RNAi)-like pathways. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small single-stranded 17–25 nucleotide RNAs capable of interfering with intracellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that contain either complete or partial complementarity, are useful for the design of new therapies against cancer polymorphism and viral mutation. Currently over 1000 native miRNA species found in vertebrates and many more new miRNA homologs continue to be identified; however, most of their functions remain to be determined. In this book, many new perspectives of the miRNA research are reviewed and discussed, including their roles in stem cell maintenance, embryonic development, tissue differentiation, adult physiology, disease pathology, cancer research, viral infection, genetic engineering in plants, and utility in cosmetic applications. These new findings may not only provide significant insight into the various mechanisms of miRNAs but also offer a great opportunity in developing new therapeutic interventions.

Regenerative Medicine from Protocol to Patient

Regenerative Medicine   from Protocol to Patient Book
Author : Gustav Steinhoff
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 3319276107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regenerative medicine is the main field of groundbreaking medical development and therapy using knowledge from developmental and stem cell biology, as well as advanced molecular and cellular techniques. This collection of volumes on Regenerative Medicine: From Protocol to Patient, aims to explain the scientific knowledge and emerging technology as well as the clinical application in different organ systems and diseases. International leading experts from all over the world describe the latest scientific and clinical knowledge of the field of regenerative medicine. The process of translating science of laboratory protocols into therapies is explained in sections on regulatory, ethical and industrial issues. This collection is organized into five volumes: (1) Biology of Tissue Regeneration, (2) Stem Cell Science and Technology, (3) Tissue Engineering, Biomaterials and Nanotechnology, (4) Regenerative Therapies I, and (5) Regenerative Therapies II. The textbook gives the student, the researcher, the health care professional, the physician and the patient a complete survey on the current scientific basis, therapeutical protocols, clinical translation and practiced therapies in regenerative medicine. Volume 2 contains sixteen chapters addressing advanced knowledge on “Stem Cell Science and Technology” addressing basic classification technology, cell biology of stemness state and regulatory molecular pathways. Mechanisms and technology of cell programming are explained, as well as the pathology of cancer cells and dedifferentiation signalling. Pluripotent, multipotent germline and tissue specific human stem cells are classified and qualified according to their respective biological function or tissue regeneration. Leading stem cell scientists from all over the world explain advanced technology, latest knowledge, and clinical implications of human stem cell science in a unique, comprehensive and detailed outline.

Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Gustav Steinhoff
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-04
ISBN : 9048190754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regenerative Medicine is a fastly emerging interdisciplinary field of research and clinical therapies on the repair, replacement or regeneration of cells, tissues or organs in congenital or acquired disease. This new field of research and clinical development focussing on stem cell science and regenerative biology is just starting to be the most fascinating and controversial medical development at the dawn of the 21st century. Viewing the great expectations to restructure and regenerate tissue, organs or organisms the current attempts of scientist and physicians are still in an early phase of development. This new textbook on “Regenerative Medicine – from protocol to patient” is aiming to explain the scientific knowledge and emerging technology as well as the clinical application in different organ systems and diseases. The international leading experts from four continents describe the latest scientific and clinical knowledge of the field of “Regenerative Medicine”. The process of translating science of laboratory protocols into therapies is explained in sections on basic science, clinical translation, regulatory, ethical and industrial issues. The textbook is aiming to give the student, the researcher, the health care professional, the physician, and the patient a complete survey on the current scientific basis, therapeutical protocols, clinical translation and practised therapies in Regenerative Medicine.

Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells   Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Krishnarao Appasani,Raghu K. Appasani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-01
ISBN : 1607618605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Defined as, “The science about the development of an embryo from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage,” embryology has been a mainstay at universities throughout the world for many years. Throughout the last century, embryology became overshadowed by experimental-based genetics and cell biology, transforming the field into developmental biology, which replaced embryology in Biology departments in many universities. Major contributions in this young century in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and genomics were integrated with both embryology and developmental biology to provide an understanding of the molecular portrait of a “development cell.” That new integrated approach is known as stem-cell biology; it is an understanding of the embryology and development together at the molecular level using engineering, imaging and cell culture principles, and it is at the heart of this seminal book. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering is completely devoted to the basic developmental, cellular and molecular biological aspects of stem cells as well as their clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It focuses on the basic biology of embryonic and cancer cells plus their key involvement in self-renewal, muscle repair, epigenetic processes, and therapeutic applications. In addition, it covers other key relevant topics such as nuclear reprogramming induced pluripotency and stem cell culture techniques using novel biomaterials. A thorough introduction to stem-cell biology, this reference is aimed at graduate students, post-docs, and professors as well as executives and scientists in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Chemical and Functional Genomic Approaches to Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine

Chemical and Functional Genomic Approaches to Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Sheng Ding
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-08
ISBN : 0470199121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists believe that stem cells have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of numerous diseases and conditions. This guide covers recent advances in technologies and their applications in stem cell biology, addressing the use of both embryonic and adult stem cells and discussing diverse technologies, including genome-wide expression analysis, informatics, chemical genomics, and more. Applications covered encompass self-renewal, differentiation, reprogramming, and regeneration in model organisms. This is a premier reference for practicing professionals involved in stem cell research and students.

Frontiers in Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research Volume 9

Frontiers in Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research  Volume 9 Book
Author : Atta-ur-Rahman ,Shazia Anjum
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2020-05-05
ISBN : 1681087634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stem cell and regenerative medicine research is an important area of clinical research which promises to change the face of medicine as it will be practiced in the years to come. Challenges in the 21st century to combat diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and retinal disorders, among others, may well be addressed employing stem cell therapies and tissue regeneration techniques. Frontiers in Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research is essential reading for researchers seeking updates in stem cell therapeutics and regenerative medicine. This volume includes current literature on a variety of topics: -the utility of exogenous and endogenous neural stem cells in spinal cord injury -somatic cells for human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) -reactive oxygen species (ROS) mediated cellular signaling for stem cell differentiation -the therapeutic potential of microRNAs in cardiac diseases -stem cell therapy for the treatment of malaria

Cellular Dedifferentiation and Regenerative Medicine

Cellular Dedifferentiation and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Xiaobing Fu,Andong Zhao,Tian Hu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-09
ISBN : 3662561794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the contribution of cell dedifferentiation to the regenerative process in all body systems, as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms and applications. The book is divided into four parts, the first of which addresses the history of cell dedifferentiation and regenerative medicine. In turn, Part II compares three routes by which cells change their phenotype: dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation, and reprogramming. Part III includes an extensive review of cell dedifferentiation events in all nine body systems for lower organisms and mammalians, respectively. The final part reviews the relationship between cell dedifferentiation and the development of cancer and several other diseases, while also outlining the prospects of and future research directions in cell dedifferentiation and regenerative medicine. The main purpose of the book is to underline the importance of cell dedifferentiation in stem cell and regenerative medicine by providing a systematical review of dedifferentiation in all body systems, together with the latest reliable evidence.

Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-03
ISBN : 0128137002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine provides a comprehensive collection of personal overviews on the latest developments and likely future directions in the field. By providing concise expositions on a broad range of topics, this encyclopedia is an excellent resource. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are relatively new fields still in their early stages of development, yet they already show great promise. This encyclopedia brings together foundational content and hot topics in both disciplines into a comprehensive resource, allowing deeper interdisciplinary research and conclusions to be drawn from two increasingly connected areas of biomedicine. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine Contains multimedia features, including hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and diagrams/images Represents the most comprehensive and exhaustive product on the market on the topic

Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Herman S. Cheung
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2010-12-10
ISBN : 1608050084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The potential use of stem cells in transplantation for the purpose of tissue regeneration is an exciting area of research currently undergoing rapid development. Implantation of human embryonic or autologous, ex vivo-expanded adult stem cells, particularl"

Regulatory RNAs

Regulatory RNAs Book
Author : Bibekanand Mallick,Zhumur Ghosh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-02
ISBN : 3642225160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent progress in high-throughput technologies and genome wide transcriptome studies have lead to a significant scientific milestone of discovering non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) which spans through a major portion of the genome. These RNAs most often act as riboregulators, and actively participate in the regulation of important cellular functions at the transcriptional and/or post-transcriptional levels rather than simply being an intermediated messenger between DNA and proteins. As the appreciation for the importance of ncRNAs continues to emerge, it is also increasingly clear that these play critical roles in gene regulatory processes during development and differentiation. Further, regulatory RNAs are useful biomarkers for diagnosis of diseases. Hence these RNA regulators are essential to the development of therapeutics. This book on “Regulatory RNAs” offers a comprehensive view on our current understanding of these regulatory RNAs viz. siRNA, miRNA, piRNA, snoRNA, long non-coding RNA, small RNA etc. It addresses both the biogenesis and mechanism of action of regulatory RNAs with a primary focus on their annotation, experimental methodologies (microarray, next-gen sequencing etc.) for their discovery, computational tools for their prediction, and above all, applications of these revolutionary regulatory molecules in understanding biological systems and diseases, including therapeutics. This comprehensive volume is intended for readers with research or teaching interests in ncRNA biology and will provide a major information resource on current research in the fast-moving fields of RNA and gene expression regulation. Cutting-edge and concise, “Regulatory RNAs: Basics, Methods and Applications” promises to support vital research in the field of regulatory RNAs, ever-continuing to grow rapidly and gain increasing importance in basic and translational biology.

Regenerative Medicine for Degenerative Muscle Diseases

Regenerative Medicine for Degenerative Muscle Diseases Book
Author : Martin K. Childers
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2015-12-19
ISBN : 1493932284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book compiles and explores cutting-edge research in degenerative skeletal disorders, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy and congenital myopathy, and new stem-cell based therapies and gene replacement therapy. Twelve expertly-authored chapters navigate the nuances of these treatments in an array of contexts and biological systems. The topics covered include: How are urine cells from a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy transformed into beating heart cells? What can reprogrammed cells tell us about heart muscle failure? What do gene mutations mean for those born with a muscle disease? How are manufacturing methods applied to human stem cells? Does therapeutic exercise benefit those patients who receive engineered limb muscle? Is there practical advice about nutrition to enhance muscle function for the Duchenne patient? Can microRNAs be useful to regenerate diseased muscle? Regenerative Medicine for Degenerative Muscle Diseases is ideal for scientists and clinicians from varying disciplines in genetics, cell biology, virology, cell-based manufacturing, rehabilitation medicine, nutrition, veterinary medicine and neurosurgery. The reader will see how transformative changes occur in medicine that can powerfully impact the future for patients suffering from inherited disorders affecting muscles of the body, including the heart.

Bio Inspired Regenerative Medicine

Bio Inspired Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Anna Tampieri,Simone Sprio
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-03-30
ISBN : 9814669156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a wide and interdisciplinary overview of the current state of the art in the development of biomimetic materials for tissue regeneration on the basis of relevant and high-impact clinical needs. It specifically emphasizes the regeneration of bone, cartilage, and osteochondral tissues as well as soft tissues such as nerves, heart, and endocrine organs. It brings together contributions from materials scientists, biologists, and surgeons with globally recognized experience in the field of regenerative medicine. The aim of the book is to highlight the relevance of biomimetics as an elective approach for the development of new scaffolds that can direct regenerative cascade by means of chemico-physical and topological nano-cues presented to cells and biologic tissues. Particularly, the book refers to emerging concepts in synthesis processes and scaffolds inspired by nature as well as to novel approaches for smart functionalization such as the use of magnetic signaling.

Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering

Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Daniel Eberli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-08-29
ISBN : 9533076631
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tissue Engineering may offer new treatment alternatives for organ replacement or repair deteriorated organs. Among the clinical applications of Tissue Engineering are the production of artificial skin for burn patients, tissue engineered trachea, cartilage for knee-replacement procedures, urinary bladder replacement, urethra substitutes and cellular therapies for the treatment of urinary incontinence. The Tissue Engineering approach has major advantages over traditional organ transplantation and circumvents the problem of organ shortage. Tissues reconstructed from readily available biopsy material induce only minimal or no immunogenicity when reimplanted in the patient. This book is aimed at anyone interested in the application of Tissue Engineering in different organ systems. It offers insights into a wide variety of strategies applying the principles of Tissue Engineering to tissue and organ regeneration.

Principles of Regenerative Medicine

Principles of Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,Tony Mikos,Robert Nerem
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 0128098937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Regenerative Medicine, Third Edition, details the technologies and advances applied in recent years to strategies for healing and generating tissue. Contributions from a stellar cast of researchers cover the biological and molecular basis of regenerative medicine, highlighting stem cells, wound healing and cell and tissue development. Advances in cell and tissue therapy, including replacement of tissues and organs damaged by disease and previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease and renal failure are also incorporated to provide a view to the future and framework for additional studies. Comprehensively covers the interdisciplinary field of regenerative medicine with contributions from leaders in tissue engineering, cell and developmental biology, biomaterials sciences, nanotechnology, physics, chemistry, bioengineering and surgery Includes new chapters devoted to iPS cells and other alternative sources for generating stem cells as written by the scientists who made the breakthroughs Edited by a world-renowned team to present a complete story of the development and promise of regenerative medicine

Regenerative Medicine and Plastic Surgery

Regenerative Medicine and Plastic Surgery Book
Author : Dominik Duscher,Melvin A. Shiffman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 3030199622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest advances in the field of regenerative medicine in plastic surgery. It is the first authoritative reference documenting all the ways that plastic surgical practice and regenerative medicine science overlap or provide a road map for the future of both specialties. The Editors have provided a valuable service by gathering in one place the leading voices in these two fields in clear and concise manner.The first part introduces readers to essential principles of skin and soft tissue regeneration, e.g. the possibility of using mesenchymal stem cells for wound healing. Since bone serves as a supportive tissue in most of the body, bone regeneration is an important aspect of regenerative medicine; accordingly, the second part discusses the novel bone implants, activated bone grafts and bone tissue engineering. The book’s third part, focusing on cartilage regeneration, includes chapters on e.g. stem cells and ear regeneration. In turn, part four addresses muscle and tendon regeneration: from tendon to bone and tendon to muscle, as well as aging in the realm of muscle regeneration. Lastly, part five highlights nerve regeneration, deepening surgeons’ knowledge to help them successfully treat injuries to the peripheral neural system. Written by leading experts this book is an invaluable resource for researchers, students, beginners and experienced clinicians in a range of specialties. "With beautiful clinical images and artwork, this book will be a central companion to both practicing plastic surgeons who wish to remain abreast of oncoming technologic advances and regenerative medicine researchers who wish to understand the current state of the art of surgical reconstruction." - Geoffrey C. Gurtner, MD, FACS Johnson and Johnson Distinguished Professor of Surgery Professor (by courtesy) of Bioengineering and Materials Science Inaugural Vice Chairman of Surgery for Innovation Stanford University School of Medicine

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems

Role of Exosomes in Biological Communication Systems Book
Author : Faisal A. Alzahrani,Islam M. Saadeldin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 9811565996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the role of exosomes and extracellular vesicles in both normal and pathological conditions. It first explains isolation methods for exosomes, and analyzes their fine structure and biological functions. Further, it highlights exosomes’ role as the key regulator in embryonic-maternal communication, and in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including cancer and urogenital, infectious, and neurodegenerative diseases. Moreover, it reviews the latest advances in using stem-cell-derived exosomes as a cell-free strategy in regenerative medicine, as well as the potential of exosomal microRNA as a promising non-invasive biomarker and targetable factor in cancer diagnosis and treatment. Lastly, it explores the use of natural and synthetic exosomes as nano-vehicles for efficient drug delivery.

Exosomes Stem Cells and MicroRNA

Exosomes  Stem Cells and MicroRNA Book
Author : Karl L. Mettinger,Pranela Rameshwar,Vinod Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-12
ISBN : 3319744704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides insight into the pivotal roles of stem cells, exosomes and other microvesicles in biofunction and molecular mechanisms and their therapeutic potential in translational nanomedicine. It further highlights evidence from recent studies as to how stem cell derived exosomes and microRNAs may restore and maintain tissue homeostasis, enable cells to recover critical cellular functions and begin repair regeneration. These early studies in animal models of aging also show evidence of improved immune, cardiovascular and cognitive functions as well as improved health span and life span. The use of exosomes from body fluids to define specific biomarkers for various tumors may also clear the path to patient-targeted treatments by developing exosome-derived microRNA based cancer therapeutics. It is essential reading for graduate students, research fellow and biomedical researchers in academia or the pharmaceutical or biotech industries.