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Micropollutants And Challenges

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Micropollutants and Challenges

Micropollutants and Challenges Book
Author : Afsane Chavoshani,Majid Hashemi,Mohammad Mehdi Amin,Suresh C Ameta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 0128186135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micropollutants and Challenges: Emerging in the Aquatic Environments and Treatment Processes systematically summarizes the characteristics, micropollutants types, production resources, occurrence in aqueous environments, health effects, methods of detection and treatments. Throughout each chapter, the following topics will be presented: (i) The quality and quantity evaluation of aquatic micro-pollutants, (ii) The need for innovative and affordable wastewater treatment technologies, and (iii) Combinations of different conventional and advanced technologies, including the biological and plant-based strategies that seem most promising. Presents information on the micropollutants that threaten all living organisms, showing the importance and relevance of this topic Assesses the effects of micropollutants on surface and groundwater Provides solutions for the removal of micropollutants in conventional and advanced treatment processes and compares the efficiency of different processes

Micropollutants and Challenges

Micropollutants and Challenges Book
Author : Afsane Chavoshani,Majid Hashemi,Mohammad Mehdi Amin,Suresh C Ameta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-10
ISBN : 0128186127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Micropollutants and Challenges: Emerging in the Aquatic Environments and Treatment Processes systematically summarizes the characteristics, micropollutants types, production resources, occurrence in aqueous environments, health effects, methods of detection and treatments. Throughout each chapter, the following topics will be presented: (i) The quality and quantity evaluation of aquatic micro-pollutants, (ii) The need for innovative and affordable wastewater treatment technologies, and (iii) Combinations of different conventional and advanced technologies, including the biological and plant-based strategies that seem most promising. Presents information on the micropollutants that threaten all living organisms, showing the importance and relevance of this topic Assesses the effects of micropollutants on surface and groundwater Provides solutions for the removal of micropollutants in conventional and advanced treatment processes and compares the efficiency of different processes

Environmental Micropollutants

Environmental Micropollutants Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi,Shuhong Wang,Zulkfil Ahmed
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-15
ISBN : 9780323905558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Micropollution is the latest volume in the series Advances in Environmental Pollution Research. It presents the latest research on various environmental micropollutants, as well as their impacts on health and the economy, and examines the best possible solutions to address the risks presented by these pollutants. Presenting the latest methods for understanding and remediating a variety of pollutants including dusts, infectious particles, heavy metals, organophosphates, atmospheric toxic organic micropollutants, fungal spores, pollutants from E-waste, and antibiotics threats, the book provides researchers working in environmental science and management with key knowledge to address this increasingly important concern. Micropollutants can be natural like microbes causing infectious diseases, heavy metals polluting environment including water, air pollutants like pollens causing pollen allergy etc. and anthropogenic which are entering to human body through environment. These can be present in water, air and soil and can harm health even in low quantities. Environmental Micropollution addresses the challenges these pollutants pose to environment and human health and presents practical solutions. Identifies key micropollutants in the environment and examines their impacts on human health and the economy Presents methods and treatment technologies for addressing the problem of micropollutants Offers the latest research on a variety of micropollutants and the best solutions for each

Wastewater Reuse and Current Challenges

Wastewater Reuse and Current Challenges Book
Author : Despo Fatta-Kassinos,Dionysios D. Dionysiou,Klaus Kümmerer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 3319238922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses the current challenges related to the reuse of wastewater. It reviews the analytical methodologies for evaluating emerging contaminants and their transformation products, the sensitivity of various bioassays for assessing the biological effects of treated wastewater, and the bioavailability and uptake of organic contaminants during crop irrigation. It describes in detail the physicochemical and microbiological alterations in soil resulting from irrigation with treated urban wastewater, and discusses our current understanding of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment plants and in downstream environments. The book also includes an analysis of the effect of wastewater entering drinking water sources and production, and provides updated information on wastewater reuse for irrigation in North Africa. It presents an important integration tool for water recovery, known as water pinch analysis, and finally showcases two other examples of reuse – one in the paper industry and one in landfill management. It is of interest to experts from various fields of research, including analytical and environmental chemistry, toxicology and environmental and sanitary engineering.

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology

Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology Book
Author : Helena Nevalainen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-08
ISBN : 3030295419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications and potential of fungal biotechnology. The respective chapters report on the latest advances and opportunities in each topic area, proposing new and sustainable solutions to some of the major challenges faced by modern society. Aimed at researchers and biotechnologists in academia and industry, it represents essential reading for anyone interested in fungal biotechnology, as well as those working within the broader area of microbial biotechnology. Written in an accessible language, the book also offers a valuable reference resource for decision-makers in government and at non-governmental organizations who are involved in the development of cleaner technologies and the global bioeconomy. The 21st century is characterized by a number of critical challenges in terms of human health, developing a sustainable bioeconomy, facilitating agricultural production, and establishing practices that support a cleaner environment. While there are chemical solutions to some of these challenges, developing bio-based approaches is becoming increasingly important. Filamentous fungi, ‘the forgotten kingdom,’ are a group of unique organisms whose full potential has yet to be revealed. Some key properties, such as their exceptional capacity to secrete proteins into the external environment, have already been successfully harnessed for the production of industrial enzymes and cellulosic biofuels. Many further aspects discussed here –such as feeding the hungry with fungal protein, and the potential applications of the various small molecules produced by fungi –warrant further exploration. In turn, the book covers the use of fungal cell factories to produce foreign molecules, e.g. for therapeutics. Strategies including molecular approaches to strain improvement, and recent advances in high-throughput technologies, which are key to finding better products and producers, are also addressed. Lastly, the book discusses the advent of synthetic biology, which is destined to greatly expand the scope of fungal biotechnology. The chapter “Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License at link.springer.com.

Urban Water Reuse Handbook

Urban Water Reuse Handbook Book
Author : Saeid Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 1482229153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examining the current literature, research, and relevant case studies, presented by a team of international experts, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook discusses the pros and cons of water reuse and explores new and alternative methods for obtaining a sustainable water supply. The book defines water reuse guidelines, describes the historical and curren

Micropollutants in wastewater in four arctic cities

Micropollutants in wastewater in four arctic cities Book
Author : Maria Dam,Guðjón A. Auðunsson,Hans H. Poulsen,Ingrid A. Berg,Lone Kristensen,Jan Stenersen,Fríðbjørg N. Joensen,Vivie K. Davidsen,Susanne B. Petersen
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2017-12-18
ISBN : 9289351233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The four Nordic cities included in the present study form a gradient both in climate, from oceanographic temperate in Tórshavn at 620 N to arctic in Tromsø at 69.70N, and in population, from less than 6000 inhabitants in Sisimiut to close to 120 000 in Reykjavík. The cities are different and far apart but products from the sea has been mainstay to the economy and societal development. Thus, the management of sewage from the municipalities must maintain a clean and healthy marine environment. The wastewater treatment varies, from screening on fine mesh, via septic tank based purification solutions, to no purification at all. We measured the contaminants in wastewater streams and in recipient samples, and with that in hand assessed whether the wastewater treatment appeared sufficient, and if not, which mitigating solutions could be relevant for wastewater purification optimisation.

Engineering Challenges for Sustainable Future

Engineering Challenges for Sustainable Future Book
Author : Noor Amila Wan Abdullah Zawawi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-01
ISBN : 1315349477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Challenges for Sustainable Future contains the papers presented at the 3rd International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 15-17 August 2016), under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2016). The ICCOEE series of conferences started in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2012, and the second event of the series took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2014. This conference series deals with the civil, offshore & environmental engineering field, addressing the following topics: • Environmental and Water Resources Engineering • Coastal and Offshore Engineering • Structures and Materials • Construction and Project Management • Highway, Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering and Geo-informatics This book is an essential reading for academic, engineers and all professionals involved in the area of civil, offshore and environmental engineering.

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water Book
Author : Erik Sogaard
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-04-11
ISBN : 0080932401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry of Advanced Environmental Purification Processes of Water covers the fundamentals behind a broad spectrum of advanced purification processes for various types of water, showing numerous applications through worked examples. Purification processes for groundwater, soil water, reusable water, and raw water are examined where they are in use full-scale, as a pilot approach, or in the laboratory. This book also describes the production of ceramic particles (nanochemistry) and materials for the creation of filtration systems and catalysts that are involved. Uses chemistry fundamentals to explain the mechanisms behind the various purification processes Explains in detail process equipment and technical applications Describes the production of ceramic particles and other new materials applicable to filtration systems Includes worked examples

Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World

Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World Book
Author : Matjaž Glavan
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-03-21
ISBN : 9535138936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global water crisis is a challenge to the security, political stability and environmental sustainability of developing nations and with climate, economically and politically, induces migrations also for the developed ones. Currently, the urban population is 54% with prospects that by the end of 2050 and 2100 66% and 80%, respectively, of the world's population will live in urban environment. Untreated water abstracted from polluted resources and destructed ecosystems as well as discharge of untreated waste water is the cause of health problems and death for millions around the globe. Competition for water is wide among agriculture, industry, power companies and recreational tourism as well as nature habitats. Climate changes are a major threat to the water resources. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in integrated assessment of water resource management in the urbanizing world, which is a foundation to develop society with secure water availability, food market stability and ecosystem preservation.

Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process

Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process Book
Author : Mudhar Al-Obaidi,Chakib Kara-Zaitri,I. M. Mujtaba
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-25
ISBN : 1000030733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process provides a one-stop-shop for reverse osmosis (RO), outlining its scope and limitations for the removal of organic compounds from wastewater. This book covers the state-of-the-art on RO processes and describes ten RO process models of different features and complexities. It also covers the advanced model-based techniques for RO process operations, including various rigorous methods for process modelling, simulation, and optimization at the lowest energy cost, as well as advanced tools such as genetic algorithms for achieving the same. • Highlights different types of physico–chemical and biological wastewater treatment methods including hybrid systems • Provides an overview of membrane processes, focuses on different types of membrane processes for water treatment and explains characteristics of membrane modules • Introduces the importance and challenges of process modelling for simulation, design, and optimization and offers examples across various industries •Describes the concept of different types of genetic algorithms for process optimisation and provides the state-of-the art of the GA method in terms of its application in water desalination and wastewater treatment •Emphasizes economic aspects of RO processes for wastewater treatment With its focus on the challenges posed by an increasing demand for fresh water and the urgent need to recycle wastewater at minimum cost, this work is an invaluable resource for engineers and scientists working within the field of wastewater treatment.

From Network Structure to Policy Design in Water Protection

From Network Structure to Policy Design in Water Protection Book
Author : Florence Metz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-05
ISBN : 3319556932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book examines a new concern in water quality policy, namely aquatic micropollutants. Micropollutants are chemicals detected in small concentrations in waterbodies today, originating from pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, or detergents, among others. Since the regulation of micropollutants is a fairly new issue, it has been largely neglected in social sciences. However, the search for appropriate solutions is of high political relevance at both the national and international levels, with many open questions arising that concern the most adequate governance structures and steering mechanisms. Solutions suitable for classical, macro-pollutants, such as nutrients, do not necessarily apply to micropollutants because of the diversity of compounds and sources, and for technical, financial, and societal reasons. The book addresses this knowledge gap by investigating the steering mechanisms at hand and their prospect for problem solving. In this regard, the research provides a systematic depiction and comparison of policy designs in place for the reduction of micropollutants in the Rhine basin. Moreover, the study yields insights into the governance structures in place, into actors’ responsibilities and constellations, and policy processes regarding micropollutants. The study is furthermore embedded into broader theoretical questions of policy research. More precisely, this research is a contribution to policy analysis that aims to achieve more optimal policy results by providing for a better understanding of the nature of policy designs and the social mechanisms behind the choice of them. Despite the intrinsic aim of policy analysis at contributing to more optimal policy outcomes, there remains a lack of research regarding analytical tools that enable an ex-ante assessment of policy designs’ problem-solving abilities. To explore such a research path, this book proposes a novel index of policy comprehensiveness for quantifying the prospective performance of policy designs in alleviating an underlying policy issue, e.g. reducing pollutants in waters. Furthermore, the book uncovers the social mechanisms behind policymaking and turns to the question: In which social settings is it possible to achieve a comprehensive policy design? Compared to purely micro-level explanations, the advantage of the network approach is that it goes beyond the mere aggregation of policy actors’ attributes by taking into consideration actors’ interdependencies. In order to take the network approach seriously, the study systematically links the structure of a policy network with comprehensive policy designs. Network concepts, such as coalition structure, interconnectedness, and belief similarity, are employed from policy change research here in order to explore the link between structural network characteristics and comprehensive policy design. By studying how network structures affect policy design, the book critically examines the explanatory value of the network approach.

Advances in Waste Management

Advances in Waste Management Book
Author : Ajay S. Kalamdhad,Jiwan Singh,Kondusamy Dhamodharan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-22
ISBN : 9811302154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents some of the latest technologies in waste management, and emphasizes the benefits that can be gained from the use of recycled products. Divided into four sections, it deals with phytoremediation, acquatic weed management and the treatment of solid- and water-based wastes, such as those arising from agricultural, industrial and medical activities. With its special emphasis on the utilization of recycled products, this volume will be of interest to students, academicians, policy makers and others who have a practical and academic interest in dealing with the waste society generates.

Micropollutants in Large Lakes

Micropollutants in Large Lakes Book
Author : Nathalie Chevre
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-14
ISBN : 2889144283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists, regulators, and the general public are now more and more aware of the chemicals present in surface waters worldwide. Agrochemicals, such as herbicides or insecticides, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics can be detected at low to medium concentrations in seas, groundwaters and rivers. Among freshwaters, lakes are of particular concern. These large reservoirs are used as sources of food and drinking water, but also serve for recreational activities. This book aims in presenting insights into the physical, chemical, and ecological dynamics of large lakes that enable proposing recommendations for sustainable lake management regarding chemicals. Lake Geneva, Switzerland, is used as a case study, but the developed methodologies and tools can be useful for lake water quality management in general. A first chapter is dedicated to the chemicals entering the lake through agriculture. These are mainly pesticides. After a review of the different types of compounds, the authors present the main pathways these compounds follow to enter the lake. The case of glyphosate, an herbicide largely used worldwide, is presented. A second chapter illustrates the urban source of pollutants with the case of pharmaceuticals and biocides. Two models are presented that allow estimating the load and the dynamic of these chemicals that may exit from an urban catchment and therefore reach a lake. Special attention will be paid to the ‘end of pipe’ removal of these compounds at a WWTP. A third chapter is dedicated to the lake circulation. The aim of this chapter is to present an overall description of the lake’s hydrodynamics, which is driven by three factors: wind, temperature and Coriolis forces. To achieve this aim, a hydrodynamic model is presented that allows describing the behavior of the top layer of the lake based on the wind direction. The importance of stable hydrogen and oxygen isotopes for characterizing the sources of water and the mixing processes in the lake is also described. The next chapters are dedicated to a Bay, called the Vidy Bay, that receives the treated effluents of the largest wastewater treatment plant of the lake catchment. This latter represents therefore one of the major point sources of contaminants for lake Geneva. These two chapters will focus on the various processes that control the transfer of chemicals (associated to particles or in a dissolved state) discharged into the bay and transported to the lake’s main water body. Then, a next chapter focuses on one major issue of chemicals in aquatic systems like lakes, i.e. the risk of the mixture of chemicals. The evaluation of the risk of mixture is not trivial and the models that allow doing it are presented in a critical way. Their validity as predictive tools is illustrated with the example of herbicides mixture in Lake Geneva. A final chapter synthesizes the main findings and discusses some recommendations for the management of large lakes regarding micropollution.

Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health

Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health Book
Author : Pankaj Chowdhary,Abhay Raj,Digvijay Verma,Yusuf Akhter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 0128190043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health covers hazardous pollutants released from natural as well as anthropogenic activities and implications on environmental and human health. This book serves as a valuable source of basic knowledge and recent developments in the clean technologies and pollution-associated diseases and abnormalities in the context of microorganisms. Focused on current solutions to various environmental problems in the field of bioremediation, it provides a detailed knowledge on the various types of toxic environmental pollutants discharged from different sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as their biodegradation and bioremediation approaches. This book helps environmental scientists and microbiologists learn about existing environmental problems and suggests ways to control or contain their effects by employing various treatment approaches. Provides information on waste treatment approaches using microbes Includes applications in biofuel and bioenergy production Covers green belt development, hydroponics, phytoremediation, wetland treatment technology, and common effluent treatment plants (CETPs) Discusses dissemination of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic microbes and strategies to combat multi-drug resistance (MDR)

Towards Tertiary Micropollutants Removal by Bioaugmented Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors MBBRS and Nanofiltration NF

Towards Tertiary Micropollutants Removal by Bioaugmented Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors  MBBRS  and Nanofiltration  NF   Book
Author : Seyed Mehran Abtahi Foroushani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789036545594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Towards Tertiary Micropollutants Removal by Bioaugmented Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors MBBRS and Nanofiltration NF book written by Seyed Mehran Abtahi Foroushani, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Hao Huu Ngo,Wenshan Guo,How Yong Ng,Ashok Pandey,Giorgio Mannina
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 0128198524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Advanced Membrane Separation Processes for Sustainable Water and Wastewater Management -Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor Processes and Technologies gives an up-to-date review on research developments of AnMBR systems (including hybrid systems) in wastewater treatment in terms of pollutants removal, nutrients recovery and energy production, as well as the achievement of energy efficiency of the process itself. The current challenges that hinder the application and industrialization of AnMBR technology, knowledge gaps and future research perspectives are also explained and discussed with potential strategies for solving problems. The book is a potential resource for engineers, scientists, educators, students and general public to understand the current developments and future prospects in field of AnMBR research. Covers different aspects of AnMBR in wastewater treatment, such as fundamental knowledge, process design and evaluation, operation and optimization and applications Focuses on different AnMBR configurations and systems/hybrid systems in treating a large variety of wastewaters Provides state-of-the-art technology development of AnMBR technology, advantages and challenges, as well as the strategies to overcome the limitations Includes AnMBR technology in removing the priority substances (PSs) and emerging contaminants of environmental concern, as well as an evaluation of energy potentials in wastewater treatment

Resilience Response and Risk in Water Systems

Resilience  Response  and Risk in Water Systems Book
Author : Manish Kumar,Francisco Munoz-Arriola,Hiroaki Furumai,Tushara Chaminda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-11
ISBN : 9811546681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book talks about the dynamics of the surface water-groundwater contaminant interactions under different environmental conditions across the world. The contents of the book highlight trends of monitoring, prediction, awareness, learning, policy, and mitigation success. The book provides a description of the background processes and factors controlling resilience, risk, and response of water systems, contributing to the development of more efficient, sustainable technologies and management options. It integrates methodologies and techniques such as data science and engineering, remote sensing, modelling, analytics, synthesis and indices, disruptive innovations and their utilization in water management, policy making, and mitigation strategies. The book is intended to be a comprehensive reference for students, professionals, and researchers working on various aspects of science and technology development. It will also prove a useful resource for policy makers and implementation specialists.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Sunita Varjani,Ashok Pandey,R. D. Tyagi,Huu Hao Ngo,Christian Larroche
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 0128213094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Emerging Organic Micropollutants summarizes the current knowledge of emerging organic micropollutants in wastewater and the possibilities of their removal/elimination. This book attempts a thorough and exhaustive discussion on ongoing research and future perspectives on advanced treatment methods and future directions to maintain and protect the environment through microbiological, nanotechnological, application of membrane technology, molecular biological and by policymaking means. In addition, the book includes the latest developments in biotechnology and bioengineering pertaining to various aspects in the field of emerging organic micropollutants, including their sources, health effects and environmental impacts. Includes testing methods for the analysis and characterization of emerging organic micropollutants in wastewater Discusses the environmental impact and health hazards of emerging organic micropollutants in wastewater Provides a useful guide to identify priority areas of research demand in the remediation/removal of emerging organic micropollutants