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Microplastic Contamination In Aquatic Environments

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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Eddy Y Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128137487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics Book
Author : Martin Wagner,Scott Lambert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319616153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, an area that remains underrepresented to date. Given the complexity of the issue, the book covers the current state-of-research on microplastics in rivers and lakes, including analytical aspects, environmental concentrations and sources, modelling approaches, interactions with biota, and ecological implications. To provide a broader perspective, the book also discusses lessons learned from nanomaterials and the implications of plastic debris for regulation, politics, economy, and society. In a research field that is rapidly evolving, it offers a solid overview for environmental chemists, engineers, and toxicologists, as well as water managers and policy-makers.

Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Their Toxicological Implications for Fish

Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Their Toxicological Implications for Fish Book
Author : Cristóbal Espinosa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intensive use of plastics and derivatives during the last century has increased the contamination of animal habitats. The breakdown of these primary plastics in the environment results in microplastics (MP), small fragments of plastic typically

Microplastic Pollution in the Aquatic Environment

Microplastic Pollution in the Aquatic Environment Book
Author : Fionn Murphy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microplastic Pollution in the Aquatic Environment book written by Fionn Murphy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Hrissi K. Karapanagioti,Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 1789060028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems. Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution. The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Microplastic Pollutants

Microplastic Pollutants Book
Author : Christopher Blair Crawford,Brian Quinn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 0128104694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic Pollutants introduces the reader to the growing problem of microplastic pollution in the aquatic environment and is the first ever book dedicated exclusively to the subject of microplastics. Importantly, this timely full-colour illustrated multidisciplinary book highlights the very recent realization that microplastics may transport toxic chemicals into food chains around the world. Microplastic pollutants is currently an important topic in both industry and academia, as well as among legislative bodies, and research in this area is gaining considerable attention from both the worldwide media and scientific community on a rapidly increasing scale. Ultimately, this book provides an excellent source of reference and information on microplastics for scientists, engineers, students, industry, policy makers and citizens alike. A detailed chronological history of plastic materials from their creation until the present day Extensive review and discussion of the existing literature on the interactions of microplastics with chemical pollutants and their effects on aquatic life Explanation and provision of the techniques used for the detection, separation and identification of microplastics Detailed multidisciplinary information on the way in which plastic materials and microplastics behave in the aquatic environment The provision of extensive multidisciplinary reference data relating to plastic materials and microplastics

Presence and Effects of Microplastic Pollution in the Highly Urbanized Aquatic Environments Surrounding Long Beach California

Presence and Effects of Microplastic Pollution in the Highly Urbanized Aquatic Environments Surrounding Long Beach  California Book
Author : Kara Wiggin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781088300602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: The production of plastic around the world has rapidly increased since the 1950s leading to large amounts of plastic entering the environment. Small plastic particles, referred to as microplastics (MP; 1–1000 μm), are found in high levels in aquatic environments around the globe. Previous studies have mainly sampled larger sized MP with nets that have a mesh that captures MP > 333 μm in size, thus underestimating the levels of MP. This study proposed a protocol for sampling smaller sized MP between 3–500 [mu]m in estuarine and marine surface water and utilized this protocol to measure the MP concentration in three highly urbanized aquatic environments surrounding Long Beach, California. The largest concentrations of MP was found in the Los Angeles River at an estimated average of 641,292 MP m−3, followed by 113,627 MP m−3 in the Long Beach Harbor, and 63,359 MP m−3 found in the San Gabriel River. To test the toxicity of these environmentally relevant levels of MP, Daphnia magna were exposed to different concentrations of microplastic beads (MPP) and microplastic fibers (MPF) in order to assess the effects of MPP and MPF on algal ingestion and reproduction. Only a concentration two orders of magnitude above environmentally relevant levels significantly decreased algal ingestion, and no concentration of MPP or MPF tested significantly impacted Daphnia reproduction. To fully address risk, more studies need to quantify the abundance of smaller sized MP, of which environmentally relevant levels are expected to exponentially increase due to the projected increase in plastic production.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter Book
Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 3319165100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Micro and Nanoplastic in the Aquatic Environment

Micro  and Nanoplastic in the Aquatic Environment Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9789463432597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Micro and Nanoplastic in the Aquatic Environment book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Book
Author : Pim de Voogt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 3319977407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology provides concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Occurrence Determination and Environmental Fate of Microplastics in Aquatic System

Occurrence  Determination and Environmental Fate of Microplastics in Aquatic System Book
Author : Pengfei Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current period of human history is considered to be the plastics age due to its versatile characteristics, especially the lightweight, durability and low production cost. Plastics can be manufactured to suit multifarious functions, for example, for personal care products, food/drink storage and medical purposes. Thus, the use of plastics is unavoidable now, finally contributing to the severe pollution worldwide. In 2018 alone, the global plastics production amount has exceeded 359 million tons, around 10% of which ultimately become waste persisting in the environment. When plastic wastes exposed to the sun’s radiation, climate change and mechanic abrasion, degradation and fragmentation may occur. Once the size of the fragmentation products is less than 5 mm, they are commonly defined as microplastics (MPs) by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. Currently, microplastics have been regarded as the most pervasive environmental pollution problems, not only because of their physical hazards but also due to their interactions with other pollutants in the environment. Pollution can be attributed by the release of additives from MPs, as well as the MPs with adsorbed toxic contaminants. Moreover, MPs additives together with adsorbed chemicals can be easily uptaken by animals, which may cause further propagated effects on the ambient ecosystem. Through the bioaccumulation and biomagnification effect, MPs can even be accumulated in the organisms from different trophic levels and cause serious impacts on aquatic ecology and human health. Despite growing number of evidences that have confirmed the presence and consequential effects of microplastics, researches on microplastic pollution are still lacking. Investigations on occurrence, determination and environmental fate of MPs in aquatic systems are clearly needed. Therefore, the major objective of this study is to elucidate the distribution of MPs in natural environment, to develop novel determination methods to characterize the micro-(nano-)plastics (MNPs), and to study the interactions of MPs with other contaminants in different conditions, as well as their consequential fate in different matrices (e.g. freshwater, cold-blooded intestine, and warm-blooded intestine). The spatial-temporal distribution of the MPs along the Maozhou River was investigated for both the surface water and sediments from 17 sites. Results showed that MPs were widely and unevenly distributed along the river. The MP abundances in dry season ranged from 4.0 ± 1.0 to 25.5 ± 3.5 items·L-1 in water and 35 ± 15 to 560 ± 70 item·kg-1 in sediments, which were relatively higher than those observed in wet season (water: 3.5 ± 1.0 to 10.5 ± 2.5 items·L-1; sediments: 25 ± 5 to 360 ± 90 item·kg-1; p value

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment Book
Author : Teresa Rocha-Santos,Mónica Costa,Catherine Mouneyrac
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-01-26
ISBN : 9783030390402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference work presents an authoritative review of microplastics as vectors of environmental contaminants and provides a comprehensive coverage of their ecotoxicological and toxicological effects. Divided into four sections, this book outlines the current analytical techniques and applications for sampling, processing analysis, and data reporting of microplastics pollution in the environment, explores microplastics degradation and interaction with chemical pollutants, discusses the fate and behaviour of microplastics in the environment, and provides valuable insights about prevention, regulation and remediation of microplastics pollution. Written by interdisciplinary expert academics and practitioners, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership of students, researchers and professionals interested in this field, including marine scientists, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, organic chemists, biochemists, biologists, polymer scientists, and toxicologists.

Microplastic Pollution is Widely Detected in US Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent

Microplastic Pollution is Widely Detected in US Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Effluent Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Municipal wastewater effluent has been proposed as one pathway for microplastics to enter the aquatic environment. Here we present a broad study of municipal wastewater treatment plant effluent as a pathway for microplastic pollution to enter receiving waters. A total of 90 samples were analyzed from 17 different facilities across the United States. Averaging all facilities and sampling dates, 0.05±0.024 microparticles were found per liter of effluent. Though a small value on a per liter basis, even minor municipal wastewater treatment facilities process millions of liters of wastewater each day, yielding daily discharges that ranged from ∼50, 000 up to nearly 15 million particles. Averaging across the 17 facilities tested, our results indicate that wastewater treatment facilities are releasing over 4 million microparticles per facility per day. Fibers and fragments were found to be the most common type of particle within the effluent; however, some fibers may be derived from non-plastic sources. Considerable inter- and intra-facility variation in discharge concentrations, as well as the relative proportions of particle types, was observed. Statistical analysis suggested facilities serving larger populations discharged more particles. Results did not suggest tertiary filtration treatments were an effective means of reducing discharge. Assuming that fragments and pellets found in the effluent arise from the 'microbeads' found in many cosmetics and personal care products, it is estimated that between 3 and 23 billion (with an average of 13 billion) of these microplastic particles are being released into US waterways every day via municipal wastewater. This estimate can be used to evaluate the contribution of microbeads to microplastic pollution relative to other sources (e.g., plastic litter and debris) and pathways (e.g., stormwater) of discharge. Graphical abstract: Abstract : Municipal wastewater treatment facilities are releasing over 4 million microplastic particles per facility per day into US waterways with fibers and fragments being the most common type.

Water Pollution and Remediation Organic Pollutants

Water Pollution and Remediation  Organic Pollutants Book
Author : Inamuddin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-13
ISBN : 3030523950
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water Pollution and Remediation Organic Pollutants book written by Inamuddin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microplastic Pollution

Microplastic Pollution Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 9789811602962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the emergent need to act on reducing or getting rid of micro plastic pollution, to achieve a sustainable environment. Microplastics are small plastic pieces, which are less than five millimeters long which can be harmful to our oceans and aquatic life. These predominantly include microfibers from clothing, microbeads, and plastic pellets. Microplastics impact aquatic creatures, turtles and birds. According to the first study on estimation of human ingestion of microplastic, on average a person consumes at least 50,000 particles of microplastic a year and breathes a similar quantity. Ingested microplastic particles can physically damage organs and also compromise immune function and stymie growth and reproduction. This book presents six informative chapters in order to alleviate the above mentioned issues​.

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources Book
Author : Manish Kumar,Daniel D. Snow,Ryo Honda,Santanu Mukherjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-29
ISBN : 9811545995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume takes a multidisciplinary approach to study and evaluate the global human vulnerability to the exposure of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in the natural environment. It provides a comprehensive resource on structurally diverse groups of chemical compounds that have adverse effects on the aquatic environment. It explores the global strength, environmental status, chemical risk assessment and management strategies of CECs with relevant modern techniques. The principle focus is on concurrent emerging water quality issues. It defines the impacts of the environmental exposure of trace concentrations of CECs and/or their metabolites and discusses possible technological advances to combat the emerging pollutants. It will be useful to researchers, multi-stakeholder expert groups, policymakers, and graduate students.

Marine Pollution Current Status Impacts and Remedies

Marine Pollution  Current Status  Impacts and Remedies Book
Author : De-Sheng Pei ,Muhammad Junaid
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2019-08-05
ISBN : 9811412685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While oceans are vast, they represent a fragile resource that must be protected if we want to protect our livelihoods and our planet. Marine pollution has been a topic of concern for a long time, and it has recently attracted the attention of scientists, environmentalists, economists, politicians and journalists in mainstream media. Besides providing food, transportation routes and other resources, the oceans serve as a heat absorbing sink which offsets the extreme heating effects of climate change, but only to a limited degree. Pollution in marine environments such as the oceans, poses a threat to coastal communities by affecting the fauna and flora in the environment and the health of the nearby population. This has a disruptive effect on the health and economy of these communities. Marine Pollution: Current Status, Impacts and Remedies emphasizes the limitations of marine resources that relevant environments provide. Readers will find chapters on methods to assess pollution as well as important information for identifying, measuring, and remediating various pollutants. The book also covers some known pollutants (heavy metals, organic pollutants, microplastics) and ways to manage these substances. Other issues covered in the book include problems caused by invasive species, and the ecological problems caused by pollutants which affect local fauna and flora. This book will prove to be a useful resource for students, researchers, and policymakers, who are working in environmental science, marine conservation and allied fields. [Series Intro] Marine Ecology: Current and Future Developments brings forth contemporary issues in the study of marine environments. The scope of the series includes ecological, toxicological and biological aspects of the topic. Each volume of the series focuses on a broad theme, with reviews contributed by several experts in the field. The series is essential reading for environmental scientists, ecologists, conservationists and marine biologists.

Emerging Issues in Ecology and Environmental Science

Emerging Issues in Ecology and Environmental Science Book
Author : Tanu Jindal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-13
ISBN : 3319993984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of full research papers submitted by scientists/faculty/research scholars who attended the conference on "Earth and Environment: Pollution and Prevention" held at Amity University, Noida from January 28-30, 2014 and had their abstracts published in the conference proceedings. The selected contributions mainly address contemporary issues related to environmental contamination such as industrial wastewater characterization and treatment, microplastics, temporal mount of air pollutants, atmospheric EC, ecofriendly catalytic technology for textile waste, dairy industry, waste water treatment, industrial air pollution, and plant isoprene emissions. The eight studies in the book will be of interest to environmental pollution researchers and students, as well as scientists interested in the proceedings from the" Earth and Environment: Pollution and Prevention" meeting.

Contaminants of the Great Lakes

Contaminants of the Great Lakes Book
Author : Jill Crossman,Chris Weisener
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-11-08
ISBN : 9783030578732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the globally important freshwater resource of the Great Lakes, which is currently threatened by contaminants that compromise water quality and impact its ecological and economic health. Divided into four parts, this volume covers historic, current and emerging sources of contamination from heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants to microplastics; and identifies their ecological impacts. Due to factors ranging from rapidly changing land use practices, climate change and our emerging understanding of their impact on biological, chemical and physical interactions, the effectiveness of management strategies has proven highly variable. Continued enhancements in the rate of lake recovery are required to sustain the health of the Great Lakes. Accordingly, the book also explores recent advances in contaminant detection, along with future steps forward in lake management approaches. Revealing our current knowledge gaps and providing a roadmap towards sustainable solutions, the book offers a valuable asset for scientists, managers and the public alike.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Rao Surampalli,Tian C. Zhang,Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Rama Pulicharla,Mausam Verma
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 125986023X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete guide to environmental remediation technologies, techniques, and regulations This practical resource offers comprehensive coverage of the latest environmental codes alongside step-by-step remediation procedures. The book features information on all segments of the market, including water, air quality, and hazardous wastes, and enables you to ensure compliance with federal regulations. Handbook of Environmental Engineering fully explains engineering methods and technologies and directly connects them to applicable standards. You will get details on environmental tools such as sensors and monitoring, toxicity controls and treatments, and waste disposal. Measurement data, environmental impact assessments, and real-world examples demonstrate how to apply each technique in the field.