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Microplastic Contamination In Aquatic Environments

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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Eddy Y Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128137487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Hrissi K. Karapanagioti,Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 1789060028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems. Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution. The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture  Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 9251098824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

Encyclopedia of the World s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World   s Biomes Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 0128160977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication. Offers students and researchers a one-stop shop for information currently only available in scattered or non-technical sources Authored and edited by top scientists in the field Concisely written to guide the reader though the topic Includes meaningful illustrations and suggests further reading for those needing more specific information

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Nanthi S. Bolan,M.B. Kirkham,Claudia Halsband,Dayanthi Nugegoda,Yong Sik Ok
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 1000081494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nanoplastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate plastic contamination in the environment. Features · Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems · Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes · Provides numerous approaches for managing particulate plastic contamination · Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impact of particulate plastics on environmental health.

Partitioning of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants and Microbial Communities on Microplastics

Partitioning of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants and Microbial Communities on Microplastics Book
Author : Kelley Ann Uhlig
Publisher :
Release : 2018
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic contamination of aquatic environments has only recently caught the attention of scientists, regulators and the public. Microplastics are typically more recalcitrant than naturally occurring polymers and so have the potential to cause a range of issues, including increased exposure of marine life to chemical contaminants sorbed to or leached from microplastics, negative impacts due to ingestion of microplastics by biota, and the potential to carry and transport pathogenic and invasive species long distances. Bio-based, bio-degradable polymers have begun to gain market share as an alternative to traditional petrochemical-based plastics, but not much is known about their impacts in marine environments. The overall objective of this thesis was to improve our understanding of how bio-based microplastics compare to petrochemical-based plastics in the marine environment. This information could be used to evaluate the overall sustainability of bio-based polymers as replacements for petrochemical-based polymers. The first chapter of this work investigated the potential of four types of microplastics, polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and two bio-based polymers, poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and polylactic acid (PLA), to sorb hydrophobic organic contaminants (pyrene, PCB-153, and BDE-47) from the surrounding water column. It also examined how co-exposure to several of these contaminants influenced their sorption. The bio-based polymers used in this work, exhibited lower affinity for the organic contaminants investigated compared to the more widely used, petrochemical-derived microplastics. This may be due to several factors including hydrophobicity of the plastic surfaces and the chemical structure of each plastic. Further, competition between several co-exposed contaminants led to an overall decrease in chemical partitioning on polyethylene microplastics. The second chapter reported on the microbial composition of biofilm communities that form on bio-based (PHB and PLA) and petrochemical-based (PE and PVC) microplastics in comparison to a naturally occurring polymer, chitin. Microbial compositions of biofilms that formed on the different plastics were similar during the first and second week of growth, but chitin exhibited a distinct community from the microplastics. By the fourth week of growth, all substrates had a similar community composition. Diversity was generally higher on bio-based plastics. Genera harboring marine pathogens and hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria were identified on all substrates. This work has implications to policy surrounding marine debris issues, exploring the more nuanced differences between bio-based polymers and petrochemical polymers, introducing concerns over additive use in bio-based polymers, and reinforcing the need for “eco-cyclable” materials in single-use items.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Book
Author : Pim de Voogt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 3319977407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology provides concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment Book
Author : Teresa Rocha-Santos,Mónica Costa,Catherine Mouneyrac
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-01-26
ISBN : 9783030390402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference work presents an authoritative review of microplastics as vectors of environmental contaminants and provides a comprehensive coverage of their ecotoxicological and toxicological effects. Divided into four sections, this book outlines the current analytical techniques and applications for sampling, processing analysis, and data reporting of microplastics pollution in the environment, explores microplastics degradation and interaction with chemical pollutants, discusses the fate and behaviour of microplastics in the environment, and provides valuable insights about prevention, regulation and remediation of microplastics pollution. Written by interdisciplinary expert academics and practitioners, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership of students, researchers and professionals interested in this field, including marine scientists, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, organic chemists, biochemists, biologists, polymer scientists, and toxicologists.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Rao Surampalli,Tian C. Zhang,Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Rama Pulicharla,Mausam Verma
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2018-08-24
ISBN : 125986023X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete guide to environmental remediation technologies, techniques, and regulations This practical resource offers comprehensive coverage of the latest environmental codes alongside step-by-step remediation procedures. The book features information on all segments of the market, including water, air quality, and hazardous wastes, and enables you to ensure compliance with federal regulations. Handbook of Environmental Engineering fully explains engineering methods and technologies and directly connects them to applicable standards. You will get details on environmental tools such as sensors and monitoring, toxicity controls and treatments, and waste disposal. Measurement data, environmental impact assessments, and real-world examples demonstrate how to apply each technique in the field.

Emerging Issues in Ecology and Environmental Science

Emerging Issues in Ecology and Environmental Science Book
Author : Tanu Jindal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-13
ISBN : 3319993984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of full research papers submitted by scientists/faculty/research scholars who attended the conference on "Earth and Environment: Pollution and Prevention" held at Amity University, Noida from January 28-30, 2014 and had their abstracts published in the conference proceedings. The selected contributions mainly address contemporary issues related to environmental contamination such as industrial wastewater characterization and treatment, microplastics, temporal mount of air pollutants, atmospheric EC, ecofriendly catalytic technology for textile waste, dairy industry, waste water treatment, industrial air pollution, and plant isoprene emissions. The eight studies in the book will be of interest to environmental pollution researchers and students, as well as scientists interested in the proceedings from the" Earth and Environment: Pollution and Prevention" meeting.

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources Book
Author : Manish Kumar,Daniel D. Snow,Ryo Honda,Santanu Mukherjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-29
ISBN : 9811545995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume takes a multidisciplinary approach to study and evaluate the global human vulnerability to the exposure of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in the natural environment. It provides a comprehensive resource on structurally diverse groups of chemical compounds that have adverse effects on the aquatic environment. It explores the global strength, environmental status, chemical risk assessment and management strategies of CECs with relevant modern techniques. The principle focus is on concurrent emerging water quality issues. It defines the impacts of the environmental exposure of trace concentrations of CECs and/or their metabolites and discusses possible technological advances to combat the emerging pollutants. It will be useful to researchers, multi-stakeholder expert groups, policymakers, and graduate students.

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology

A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology Book
Author : J.P.F. D'Mello
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1786394677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international team of authors from a range of educational, medical and research establishments, this book is an essential reference for advanced students and researchers in the areas of environmental sciences, ecology, agriculture, environmental health and medicine, in addition to industry and government personnel responsible for environmental regulations and directives. A Handbook of Environmental Toxicology focuses on two key aspects: human disorders and ecotoxicology as affected by major toxins originating from biological sources and pollutants, as well as radiation generated spontaneously or as a result of anthropogenic activity. A diverse array of these potentially harmful agents regularly appear in the atmosphere, soil, water and food, compromising both human health and biodiversity in natural and managed ecosystems.

Contaminants of the Great Lakes

Contaminants of the Great Lakes Book
Author : Jill Crossman,Chris Weisener
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-11-08
ISBN : 9783030578732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the globally important freshwater resource of the Great Lakes, which is currently threatened by contaminants that compromise water quality and impact its ecological and economic health. Divided into four parts, this volume covers historic, current and emerging sources of contamination from heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants to microplastics; and identifies their ecological impacts. Due to factors ranging from rapidly changing land use practices, climate change and our emerging understanding of their impact on biological, chemical and physical interactions, the effectiveness of management strategies has proven highly variable. Continued enhancements in the rate of lake recovery are required to sustain the health of the Great Lakes. Accordingly, the book also explores recent advances in contaminant detection, along with future steps forward in lake management approaches. Revealing our current knowledge gaps and providing a roadmap towards sustainable solutions, the book offers a valuable asset for scientists, managers and the public alike.

Marine Pollution Current Status Impacts and Remedies

Marine Pollution  Current Status  Impacts and Remedies Book
Author : De-Sheng Pei ,Muhammad Junaid
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2019-08-05
ISBN : 9811412685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While oceans are vast, they represent a fragile resource that must be protected if we want to protect our livelihoods and our planet. Marine pollution has been a topic of concern for a long time, and it has recently attracted the attention of scientists, environmentalists, economists, politicians and journalists in mainstream media. Besides providing food, transportation routes and other resources, the oceans serve as a heat absorbing sink which offsets the extreme heating effects of climate change, but only to a limited degree. Pollution in marine environments such as the oceans, poses a threat to coastal communities by affecting the fauna and flora in the environment and the health of the nearby population. This has a disruptive effect on the health and economy of these communities. Marine Pollution: Current Status, Impacts and Remedies emphasizes the limitations of marine resources that relevant environments provide. Readers will find chapters on methods to assess pollution as well as important information for identifying, measuring, and remediating various pollutants. The book also covers some known pollutants (heavy metals, organic pollutants, microplastics) and ways to manage these substances. Other issues covered in the book include problems caused by invasive species, and the ecological problems caused by pollutants which affect local fauna and flora. This book will prove to be a useful resource for students, researchers, and policymakers, who are working in environmental science, marine conservation and allied fields. [Series Intro] Marine Ecology: Current and Future Developments brings forth contemporary issues in the study of marine environments. The scope of the series includes ecological, toxicological and biological aspects of the topic. Each volume of the series focuses on a broad theme, with reviews contributed by several experts in the field. The series is essential reading for environmental scientists, ecologists, conservationists and marine biologists.

Emerging Issues for Small Island Developing States

Emerging Issues for Small Island Developing States Book
Author : United Nations Publications
Publisher : UN
Release : 2015
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2012 UNEP Foresight Process on Emerging Global Environmental Issues primarily identified emerging environmental issues and possible solutions on a global scale and perspective. In 2013, UNEP carried out a similar exercise to identify priority emerging environmental issues that are of concern to the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The social and economic emerging issues were also identified using the same set of criteria. At the core of the process was a SIDS Foresight Panel consisting of 11 SIDS experts (for the UNEP Panel) and 12 experts (for the UN DESA Panel) from the three SIDS regions, representing the global SIDS community and a wide range of disciplines. The process was designed to open the discussion on emerging environmental issues to a broad range of views both from the Foresight Panel and a wider community of relevant experts from across the globe. Through the Foresight Process, separate lists of 20 environmental and 15 socioeconomic emerging issues were identified and discussed in this report.

Environmental Biotechnology Vol 1

Environmental Biotechnology Vol  1 Book
Author : K. M. Gothandam,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-06
ISBN : 3030381927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the information on the application of nanotechnology in cleaning wastewater and the impact of microbial ecosystem to solve environmental problems has been critically reviewed in the chapters. It also gives detailed reviews about the conversion of wastewater nutrients into a biofertilizer using microalgae, as well as the applications of Biochar for heavy metal remediation from water. Most importantly, this book contains critical review on microbial fuel cells and highlights the emerging risks of bioplastics on the aquatic ecosystem.

The Seine River Basin

The Seine River Basin Book
Author : Nicolas Flipo,Pierre Labadie,Laurence Lestel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-12-11
ISBN : 9783030542597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book reviews the water-agro-food and socio-eco-system of the Seine River basin (76,000 km2), and offers a historical perspective on the river’s long-term contamination. The Seine basin is inhabited by circa 17 million people and is impacted by intensive agricultural practices and industrial activities. These pressures have gradually affected its hydrological, chemical and ecological functioning, leading to a maximum chemical degradation between the 1960s and the 1990s. Over the last three decades, while major water-quality improvements have been observed, new issues (e.g. endocrine disruptors, microplastics) have also emerged. The state of the Seine River network, from the headwaters to estuary, is increasingly controlled by the balance between pressures and social responses. This socio-ecosystem provides a unique example of the functioning of a territory under heavy anthropogenic pressure during the Anthropocene era. The achievements made were possible due to the long-term PIREN Seine research program, established in 1989 and today part of the French socio-ecological research network “Zones Ateliers”, itself part of the international Long-term Socio-economic and Ecological Research Network (LTSER). Written by experts in the field, the book provides an introduction to the water budget and the territorial metabolism of the Seine basin, and studies the trajectories and impact of various pollutants in the Seine River. It offers insights into the ecological functioning, the integration of agricultural practices, the analysis of aquatic organic matter, and the evolution of fish assemblages in the Seine basin, and also presents research perspectives and approaches to improve the water quality of the Seine River. Given its scope, it will appeal to environmental managers, scientists and policymakers interested in the long-term contamination of the Seine River.