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Microplastic Contamination In Aquatic Environments

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Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Eddy Y Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128137487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture  Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 9251098824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

Partitioning of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants and Microbial Communities on Microplastics

Partitioning of Hydrophobic Organic Contaminants and Microbial Communities on Microplastics Book
Author : Kelley Ann Uhlig
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic contamination of aquatic environments has only recently caught the attention of scientists, regulators and the public. Microplastics are typically more recalcitrant than naturally occurring polymers and so have the potential to cause a range of issues, including increased exposure of marine life to chemical contaminants sorbed to or leached from microplastics, negative impacts due to ingestion of microplastics by biota, and the potential to carry and transport pathogenic and invasive species long distances. Bio-based, bio-degradable polymers have begun to gain market share as an alternative to traditional petrochemical-based plastics, but not much is known about their impacts in marine environments. The overall objective of this thesis was to improve our understanding of how bio-based microplastics compare to petrochemical-based plastics in the marine environment. This information could be used to evaluate the overall sustainability of bio-based polymers as replacements for petrochemical-based polymers. The first chapter of this work investigated the potential of four types of microplastics, polyethylene (PE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and two bio-based polymers, poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and polylactic acid (PLA), to sorb hydrophobic organic contaminants (pyrene, PCB-153, and BDE-47) from the surrounding water column. It also examined how co-exposure to several of these contaminants influenced their sorption. The bio-based polymers used in this work, exhibited lower affinity for the organic contaminants investigated compared to the more widely used, petrochemical-derived microplastics. This may be due to several factors including hydrophobicity of the plastic surfaces and the chemical structure of each plastic. Further, competition between several co-exposed contaminants led to an overall decrease in chemical partitioning on polyethylene microplastics. The second chapter reported on the microbial composition of biofilm communities that form on bio-based (PHB and PLA) and petrochemical-based (PE and PVC) microplastics in comparison to a naturally occurring polymer, chitin. Microbial compositions of biofilms that formed on the different plastics were similar during the first and second week of growth, but chitin exhibited a distinct community from the microplastics. By the fourth week of growth, all substrates had a similar community composition. Diversity was generally higher on bio-based plastics. Genera harboring marine pathogens and hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria were identified on all substrates. This work has implications to policy surrounding marine debris issues, exploring the more nuanced differences between bio-based polymers and petrochemical polymers, introducing concerns over additive use in bio-based polymers, and reinforcing the need for “eco-cyclable” materials in single-use items.

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Nanthi S. Bolan,M.B. Kirkham,Claudia Halsband,Dayanthi Nugegoda,Yong Sik Ok
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 1000081494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nanoplastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate plastic contamination in the environment. Features · Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems · Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes · Provides numerous approaches for managing particulate plastic contamination · Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impact of particulate plastics on environmental health.

Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Their Toxicological Implications for Fish

Microplastics in Aquatic Environments and Their Toxicological Implications for Fish Book
Author : Cristóbal Espinosa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intensive use of plastics and derivatives during the last century has increased the contamination of animal habitats. The breakdown of these primary plastics in the environment results in microplastics (MP), small fragments of plastic typically

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Hrissi K. Karapanagioti,Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 1789060028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems. Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution. The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems

Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems Book
Author : Donat-P. Häder
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 3030756025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Anthropogenic Pollution of Aquatic Ecosystems book written by Donat-P. Häder, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments

Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Nanthi S. Bolan,M.B. Kirkham,Claudia Halsband,Dayanthi Nugegoda,Yong Sik Ok
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-30
ISBN : 1000081419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The manufacture of plastic as well as its indiscriminate disposal and destruction by incineration pollutes atmospheric, terrestrial, and aquatic ecosystems. Synthetic plastics do not break down; they accumulate in the environment as macro-, micro-, and nanoplastics. These particulate plastics are a major source of pollutants in soil and marine ecosystems. Particulate Plastics in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments provides a fundamental understanding of the sources of these plastics and the threats they pose to the environment. The book demonstrates the ecotoxicity of particulate plastics using case studies and offers management practices to mitigate particulate plastic contamination in the environment. Features · Describes physical and chemical properties of particulate plastics in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems · Presents information on characteristics of particulate plastics as impacted by weathering processes · Provides numerous approaches for managing particulate plastic contamination · Identifies sources of particulate plastics in the environment; distribution and characteristics of particulate plastics; and management strategies of particulate plastics Written by a global team of scientists, this book is for researchers in the fields of environmental safety and waste management or individuals interested in the impact of particulate plastics on environmental health.

New Trends in Emerging Environmental Contaminants

New Trends in Emerging Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Swatantra P. Singh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 9811683670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Trends in Emerging Environmental Contaminants book written by Swatantra P. Singh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment Book
Author : Hemen Sarma,Delfina C. Dominguez,Wen-Yee Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 032385981X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment: Challenges and Sustainable Practices covers all aspects of emerging contaminants in the environment, from basic understanding to different types of emerging contaminants and how these threaten organisms, their environmental fate studies, detection methods, and sustainable practices of dealing with contaminants. Emerging contaminant remediation is a pressing need due to the ever-increasing pollution in the environment, and it has gained a lot of scientific and public attention due to its high effectiveness and sustainability. The discussions in the book on the bioremediation of these contaminants are covered from the perspective of proven technologies and practices through case studies and real-world data. One of the main benefits of this book is that it summarizes future challenges and sustainable solutions. It can, therefore, become an effective guide to the elimination (through sustainable practices) of emerging contaminants. At the back of these explorations on sustainable bioremediation of emerging contaminants lies the set of 17 goals articulated by the United Nations in its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all its member states. This book provides academics, researchers, students, and practitioners interested in the detection and elimination of emerging contaminants from the environment, with the latest advances by leading experts in emerging contaminants the field of environmental sciences. Covers most aspects of the most predominant emerging contaminants in the environment, including in soil, air, and water Describes the occurrence of these contaminants, the problems they cause, and the sustainable practices to deal with the contaminants Includes data from case studies to provide real-world examples of sustainable practices and emerging contaminant remediation

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 259

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 259 Book
Author : Pim de Voogt
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 3030883426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Plastics in the Aquatic Environment Part I

Plastics in the Aquatic Environment   Part I Book
Author : Friederike Stock,Georg Reifferscheid,Nicole Brennholt,Evgeniia Kostianaia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-29
ISBN : 3030841189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive review of how plastic pollution is affecting fresh and marine waters, and what the current challenges in plastic waste assessment and management in the aquatic environment are. Plastic waste comprises particles with heterogeneous physicochemical properties such as large size-range, different shapes and polymer types with various additives determining their environmental fate and risk. This complexity raises several open research questions which are explored in this book. Examples are the plastic uptake by aquatic organisms, degradation processes as well as sources and sinks in the environment. Readers will discover real case studies of plastic pollution detection and management in different parts of the world, including Asia, America and Europe, which provide an integrated overview of the global scope of this issue. This book and the companion volume Plastics in the Aquatic Environment - Part II: Stakeholders' Role Against Pollution are valuable resources to students, researchers, policymakers and environmental managers interested in plastic pollution and working towards its reduction.

Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment

Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment Book
Author : Bråte, Inger Lise N.,Hurley, Rachel,Lusher, Amy,Buenaventura, Nina,Hultman, Maria,Halsband, Claudia,Green, Norman
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 9289365218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Available online: https://pub.norden.org/temanord2020-504/ Abstract [en] Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment: MP were analysed in mussels at 100 sites from Grenland to the Baltic. MP were found in 4 out of 5 species. The coastal waters of the North Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak, and the western Baltic appear to be areas of MP accumulation. Mussels from urbanized areas and harbours contained the most MP. The abundance of MP was especially high in the Oslofjord. A total of 11 different polymer types were detected through 3 chemical characterisation methodes. Black rubbery particles, possibly derived from tyre wear, were the dominant particle type. The presence of rubber compounds was confirmed for Blue mussels (Mytilus) in analysis using pyrolysis GC-MS. This is the first study to document these polymer types in mussels. Mussels, especially Mytilus spp., Limecola balthica and Abra nitida are suitable for monitoring of MP in Nordic waters.

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments Book
Author : Defu He,Yongming Luo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030562719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on microplastics as emerging persistent contaminants in terrestrial environments. Scientists from around the globe review recent advances in multi-disciplinary research on micro(nano)plastics, including analytical methods; the sources, fate and distribution of microplastics; ecological risks; toxicity and health risks; and control and countermeasures for microplastics in terrestrial environments. Offering a comprehensive overview of microplastics in terrestrial environments, the book is a valuable resource for environmental researchers, ecologists and toxicologists, as well as for policymakers and non-experts.

Microplastics in the Marine Environment Sources Distribution Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts

Microplastics in the Marine Environment  Sources  Distribution  Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts Book
Author : André Ricardo Araújo Lima,Juliana Assunção Ivar do Sul,João P. G. L. Frias,Cristina Panti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-09
ISBN : 2889668711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microplastics in the Marine Environment Sources Distribution Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts book written by André Ricardo Araújo Lima,Juliana Assunção Ivar do Sul,João P. G. L. Frias,Cristina Panti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment Book
Author : Aiduan Borrion,Mairi J Black,Onesmus Mwabonje
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2021-03-19
ISBN : 1839161361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology used to quantify the environmental impacts of products, processes and services. Circular economy (CE) thinking is conceptual way of considering the impacts of consuming resources. By taking a closed loop approach, CE provides a framework for influencing behaviours and practices to minimise this impact. Development of the circular economy is a crucial component in the progression towards future sustainability. This book provides a robust systematic approach to the circular economy concept, using the established methodology of LCA. Including chapters on circular economic thinking, the use of LCA as a metric and linking LCA to the wider circular economy, this book utilises case studies to illustrate the approaches to LCA. With contributions from researchers worldwide, Life Cycle Assessment provides a practical, global guide for those who wish to use LCA as a research tool or to inform policy, process, and product improvement.

Enzymatic Plastic Degradation

Enzymatic Plastic Degradation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-10
ISBN : 0128220139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enzymatic Plastic Degradation, Volume 648 in the Methods in Enzymology series, continues the legacy of this premier serial with chapters authored by leaders in the field. Chapters in this latest release include Evaluating plastic pollution and environmental degradation, Assessment methods for microplastic pollution in the oceans and fresh water, Exploring microbial consortia from various environments for plastic degradation, Characterization of filamentous fungi for attack on synthetic polymers via biological Fenton chemistry, Synthesis of radioactive-labeled nanoplastics for assaying the environmental (microbial) PS degradation, Exploring metagenome for plastic degrading enzymes, Cutinases from thermophilic bacteria (actinomycetes): from identification to functional and structural characterization, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Methods in Enzymology series Covers the latest research and technologies in enzymatic plastic degradation

Two Dimensional 2D Nanomaterials in Separation Science

Two Dimensional  2D  Nanomaterials in Separation Science Book
Author : Rasel Das
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030724573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers newly emerging two-dimensional nanomaterials which have been recently used for the purpose of water purification. It focuses on the synthesis methods of 2D materials and answers how scientists/engineers/nanotechnologist/environmentalists could use these materials for fabricating new separation membranes and most probably making commercially feasible technology. The chapters are written by a collection of international experts ensuring a broad view of each topic. The book will be of interest to experienced researchers as well as young scientists looking for an introduction into 2D materials-based cross-disciplinary research.

Encyclopedia of the World s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World   s Biomes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 0128160977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication. Offers students and researchers a one-stop shop for information currently only available in scattered or non-technical sources Authored and edited by top scientists in the field Concisely written to guide the reader though the topic Includes meaningful illustrations and suggests further reading for those needing more specific information

Coastal Ecosystems

Coastal Ecosystems Book
Author : Sughosh Madhav
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 303084255X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Coastal Ecosystems book written by Sughosh Madhav, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.