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Microgrid

Microgrid Book
Author : Magdi S Mahmoud
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-24
ISBN : 0081012624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids: Advanced Control Methods and Renewable Energy System Integration demonstrates the state-of-art of methods and applications of microgrid control, with eleven concise and comprehensive chapters. The first three chapters provide an overview of the control methods of microgrid systems that is followed by a review of distributed control and management strategies for the next generation microgrids. Next, the book identifies future research directions and discusses the hierarchical power sharing control in DC Microgrids. Chapter 4 investigates the demand side management in microgrid control systems from various perspectives, followed by an outline of the operation and controls of the smart microgrids in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 deals with control of low-voltage microgrids with master/slave architecture. The final chapters explain the load-Frequency Controllers for Distributed Power System Generation Units and the issue of robust control design for VSIs, followed by a communication solution denoted as power talk. Finally, in Chapter 11, real-time implementation of distributed control for an autonomous microgrid system is performed. Addresses issues of contemporary interest to practitioners in the power engineering and management fields Focuses on the role of microgrids within the overall power system structure and attempts to clarify the main findings relating to primary and secondary control and management at the microgrid level Provides results from a quantified assessment of benefits from economic, environmental, operational, and social point-of-views Presents the hierarchical control levels manifested in microgrid operations and evaluates the principles and main functions of centralized and decentralized control

Microgrid Technologies

Microgrid Technologies Book
Author : C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,P. Sanjeevikumar,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-10
ISBN : 1119710871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrid technology is an emerging area, and it has numerous advantages over the conventional power grid. A microgrid is defined as Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and interconnected loads with clearly defined electrical boundaries that act as a single controllable entity concerning the grid. Microgrid technology enables the connection and disconnection of the system from the grid. That is, the microgrid can operate both in grid-connected and islanded modes of operation. Microgrid technologies are an important part of the evolving landscape of energy and power systems. Many aspects of microgrids are discussed in this volume, including, in the early chapters of the book, the various types of energy storage systems, power and energy management for microgrids, power electronics interface for AC & DC microgrids, battery management systems for microgrid applications, power system analysis for microgrids, and many others. The middle section of the book presents the power quality problems in microgrid systems and its mitigations, gives an overview of various power quality problems and its solutions, describes the PSO algorithm based UPQC controller for power quality enhancement, describes the power quality enhancement and grid support through a solar energy conversion system, presents the fuzzy logic-based power quality assessments, and covers various power quality indices. The final chapters in the book present the recent advancements in the microgrids, applications of Internet of Things (IoT) for microgrids, the application of artificial intelligent techniques, modeling of green energy smart meter for microgrids, communication networks for microgrids, and other aspects of microgrid technologies. Valuable as a learning tool for beginners in this area as well as a daily reference for engineers and scientists working in the area of microgrids, this is a must-have for any library.

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid Book
Author : David Wenzhong Gao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-25
ISBN : 0128033754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Storage for Sustainable Microgrid addresses the issues related to modelling, operation and control, steady-state and dynamic analysis of microgrids with ESS. This book discusses major electricity storage technologies in depth along with their efficiency, lifetime cycles, environmental benefits and capacity, so that readers can envisage which type of storage technology is best for a particular microgrid application. This book offers solutions to numerous difficulties such as choosing the right ESS for the particular microgrid application, proper sizing of ESS for microgrid, as well as design of ESS control systems for proper interfacing with the microgrid. Explanations for major power electronic converters/technology required to achieve the desired interfacing Case studies on the major impacts of energy storage on microgrid Detailed solutions for choosing the right ESS for particular microgrid applications Valuable economics chapter to help evaluate entire systems

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids Book
Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-08-17
ISBN : 0128177756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Josep M. Guerrero,Ritu Kandari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 0323854648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids: Modeling, Control, and Applications presents a systematic elaboration of different types of microgrids, with a particular focus on new trends and applications. The book includes sections on AC, DC and hybrid AC/DC microgrids and reflects state-of-the-art developments, covering theory, algorithms, simulations, error and uncertainty analysis, as well as novel applications of new control techniques. Offering a valuable resource for students and researchers working on the integration of renewable energy with existing grid and control of microgrids, this book combines recent advances and ongoing research into a single informative resource. The book highlights recent findings while also analyzing modelling and control, thus making it a solid reference for researchers as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students. Covers different types of microgrids and their architecture and control in a single book Includes original, state-of-the-art research contributions by international experts Features global case studies for better understanding and real-life examples

Microgrid Dynamics and Control

Microgrid Dynamics and Control Book
Author : Hassan Bevrani,Bruno François,Toshifumi Ise
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-18
ISBN : 1119263700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses relevant microgrid technologies in the context of integrating renewable energy and also addresses challenging issues. The authors summarize long term academic and research outcomes and contributions. In addition, this book is influenced by the authors’ practical experiences on microgrids (MGs), electric network monitoring, and control and power electronic systems. A thorough discussion of the basic principles of the MG modeling and operating issues is provided. The MG structure, types, operating modes, modelling, dynamics, and control levels are covered. Recent advances in DC microgrids, virtual synchronousgenerators, MG planning and energy management are examined. The physical constraints and engineering aspects of the MGs are covered, and developed robust and intelligent control strategies are discussed using real time simulations and experimental studies.

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids Book
Author : Sasi K. Kottayil
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-18
ISBN : 1000166104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the need to understand the development, use, construction, and operation of smart microgrids (SMG). Covering selected major operations of SMG like dynamic energy management, demand response, and demand dispatch, it describes the design and operational challenges of different microgrids and provides feasible solutions for systems. Smart Micro Grid presents communication technologies and governing standards used in developing communication networks for realizing various smart services and applications in microgrids. An architecture facilitating bidirectional communication for smart distribution/microgrid is brought out covering aspects of its design, development and validation. The book is aimed at graduate, research students and professionals in power, power systems, and power electronics. Features: • Covers a broad overview of the benefits, the design and operation requirements, standards and communication requirements for deploying microgrids in distribution systems. • Explores issues related to planning, expansion, operation, type of microgrids, interaction among microgrid and distribution networks, demand response, and the technical requirements for the communication network. • Discusses current standards and common practices to develop and operate microgrids. • Describes technical issues and requirements for operating microgrids. • Illustrates smart communication architecture and protocols.

Smart Microgrids

Smart Microgrids Book
Author : Shahab Bahrami,Ali Mohammadi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-17
ISBN : 3030026566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the authors first provide a comprehensive survey on the available studies on control, management, and optimization strategies in AC and DC microgrids. The authors then provide the design of a laboratory-scale microgrid system. Finally, a real-world implementation of the deigned framework is provided. This book paves the way for researchers working on the smart microgrids spread over the fields of electrical engineering, power systems, and smart infrastructures. Furthermore, it provides the readers with a comprehensive insight to understand an in-depth big picture of smart microgrids as well as an all-inclusive framework for laboratory-scale implementation of a microgrid. It is suitable for senior undergraduate students, graduate students who are interested in research in areas related to future smart grids and microgrids, and the researchers working in the related areas. This book also can be used as a reference book for researchers who want to develop laboratories on smart microgrids for future research.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,K. Nithiyananthan,S. Prabhakar Karthikeyan,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-24
ISBN : 1000226891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids offers a complete discussion and details about microgrids and their applications, including modeling of AC/DC and hybrid grids in a tied mode with simulation for the solar systems, wind turbines, biomass and fuel cells, and deployment issues. The data communications and control mechanism implementations are analyzed for proper coordination of the AC/DC microgrid. The various real-time applications and future development of the microgrid are also discussed in this book, with MATLAB®-based simulations and results. This book: Discusses the fundamentals of microgrids, the components of microgrids, the modeling of renewable energy sources, and the implementation of microgrids. Explores AC and DC microgrid modeling with real-time examples. Examines the effective extraction of energy from renewable energy sources. Covers analysis of data communications and control-mechanism implementations. Includes HOMER/MATLAB®-based simulations and results on microgrids. This book would be a welcome addition to the libraries of researchers, senior undergraduate students, and graduate students in power and electrical engineering, especially those working with smart and microgrids.

Fundamentals of Microgrids

Fundamentals of Microgrids Book
Author : Stephen A. Roosa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-03
ISBN : 1000168654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microgrids provide opportunities to develop new electrical networks targeted for the needs of communities. The fourth industrial revolution is associated with the global trend toward decentralizing energy grids. Within this context, microgrids are seen as a solution to how renewable electricity can be supplied to local areas. The Fundamentals of Microgrids: Development and Implementation provides an in-depth examination of microgrid energy sources, applications, technologies, and policies. This book considers the fundamental configurations and applications for microgrids and examines their use as a means of meeting international sustainability goals. It focuses on questions and issues associated with microgrid topologies, development, implementation and regulatory issues. Distributed energy resources are defined, stand-a-lone generation systems are described and examples of typical microgrid configurations are provided. The key components of developing a business model for microgrid development are also considered. Features: Describes what microgrids are and details the basics of how they work while considering benefits of microgrids and their disadvantages. Provides answers to the fundamental questions energy managers and other professionals want to know about the basics of microgrids. Details the applications for microgrids and demystifies the types of microgrid architectures that are successful. Includes real-world examples of functioning microgrids which provide models for the development of microgrids in the future. Discusses the key considerations that must be addressed to develop a business case for microgrid development.

Control of Standalone Microgrid

Control of Standalone Microgrid Book
Author : Anuradha Tomar,Prerna Gaur,Ritu Kandari,Neeraj Gupta
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-08
ISBN : 0128234318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Control of Standalone Microgrid looks at a practical and systematic elaboration of the architecture, design and control of standalone microgrids. It is oriented towards more advanced readers who want to enhance their knowledge in the fields of power engineering, sustainable energy, microgrids and their control. With an enriched collection of topics pertaining to the architecture and control of standalone microgrids, this book presents recent research that will bring advancements in the current power system scenario, discussing operational and technical issues due to high penetration of distributed generation units. Including executable plans for standalone microgrid systems this book enables researchers and energy executives to understand the future of energy delivery systems as well as global case studies and models to apply control techniques for standalone microgrids and protection schemes which provide a deeper level of understanding. Includes significant case studies and global case studies of control techniques and protection schemes Provides a working guideline in the design, analysis and development of Standalone microgrid and its applications Features detailed description of the types and components of standalone microgrids, modeling and simulation and performance analysis

Networked Microgrids

Networked Microgrids Book
Author : Peng Zhang
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 1108497659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover scalable, dependable, intelligent solutions for integrating complex networked microgrids with this definitive guide. Combining resilient control, fast programmable networking, reachability analysis, and cyber-physical security, this is essential reading for researchers, professional engineers, and graduate students.

Microgrids

Microgrids Book
Author : Ghous Bakhsh Narejo,Biswaranjan Acharya,Ranjit Singh Sarban Singh,Fatma Newagy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-12
ISBN : 1000457516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book addresses the needs of researchers on the fundamentals as well as more advanced knowledge on microgrids and their evolution. This book covers newly emerging trends in fields such as Computer Science, Energy, Electrical Engineering, and Electronics and brings the reader up-to-date on the new emerging fields that play an important role in the power infrastructure. This book provides knowledge on decision making for newly evolving trends in microgrid design. It discusses techniques on how to improve the existing power quality and reduce load shedding and power imbalances. The book presents the emerging fields that now play an important role in microgrid design such as Data Science, Machine Learning, AI, and IT. The readership includes researchers, academia, practicing engineers, consumers, power companies and policy makers located across the globe.

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Microgrids

Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Microgrids Book
Author : Hina Fathima,Prabaharan N,Palanisamy K,Akhtar Kalam,Saad Mekhilef,Jackson J. Justo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-02
ISBN : 0081024940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hybrid-Renewable Energy Systems in Microgrids: Integration, Developments and Control presents the most up-to-date research and developments on hybrid-renewable energy systems (HRES) in a single, comprehensive resource. With an enriched collection of topics pertaining to the control and management of hybrid renewable systems, this book presents recent innovations that are molding the future of power systems and their developing infrastructure. Topics of note include distinct integration solutions and control techniques being implemented into HRES that are illustrated through the analysis of various global case studies. With a focus on devices and methods to integrate different renewables, this book provides those researching and working in renewable energy solutions and power electronics with a firm understanding of the technologies available, converter and multi-level inverter considerations, and control and operation strategies. Includes significant case studies of control techniques and integration solutions which provide a deeper level of understanding and knowledge Combines existing research into a single informative resource on micro grids with HRES integration and control Includes architectural considerations and various control strategies for the operation of hybrid systems

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications Book
Author : Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,C. Sharmeela,P. Sivaraman,Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-10
ISBN : 0323904505
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Residential Microgrids and Rural Electrifications contains an overview of microgrids' architecture, load assessments, designing of microgrids for residential systems, and rural electrifications to help readers understand the fundamentals. Including many new topics in the field of home automation and the application of IoT for microgrids monitoring and control, the book includes sections on the infrastructure necessary for charging Electric Vehicles in residential systems and rural electrifications and how to estimate the energy and cost of various combinations of energy resources. Many examples and practical case studies are included to enhance and reinforce learning objective goals. Those in engineering research and technical professions will be able to perform energy and cost analyses of various combinations of energy sources by using advanced, real simulation tools. Features methods for adopting and applying artificial intelligent techniques in microgrids for improving reliability Addresses the role of battery energy storage systems, the reliable operation of microgrids, international standards such as IEC and IEEE standards, and safe handling techniques Covers IoT for the monitoring and control of microgrids and the adoption of recent technologies

DC Microgrids

DC Microgrids Book
Author : Nikita Gupta,Mahajan Sagar Bhaskar,Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban,Dhafer Almakhles
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-05-26
ISBN : 1119777593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The electric grid is on the threshold of a paradigm shift. In the past few years, the picture of the grid has changed dramatically due to the introduction of renewable energy sources, advancements in power electronics, digitalization, and other factors. All these megatrends are pointing toward a new electrical system based on Direct Current (DC). DC power systems have inherent advantages of no harmonics, no reactive power, high efficiency, over the conventional AC power systems. Hence, DC power systems have become an emerging and promising alternative in various emerging applications, which include distributed energy sources like wind, solar and Energy Storage System (ESS); distribution networks; smart buildings, remote telecom systems; and transport electrification like electric vehicles (EVs) and shipboard. All these applications are designed at different voltages to meet their specific requirements individually because of the lack of standardization. Thus, the factors influencing the DC voltages and system operation needed to be surveyed and analyzed, which include voltage standards, architecture for existing and emerging applications, topologies and control strategies of power electronic interfaces, fault diagnosis and design of the protection system, optimal economical operation, and system reliability. This groundbreaking new volume presents these topics and trends of DC microgrids, bridging the research gap on DC microgrid architectures, control and protection challenges to enable wide-scale implementation of energy-efficient DC microgrids. Whether for the veteran engineer or the student, this is a must-have for any library.

Microgrids and Local Energy Systems

Microgrids and Local Energy Systems Book
Author : Nick Jenkins
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-12-15
ISBN : 1789845300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses important topical questions of microgrids and local energy systems. It begins with an investigation of the electrical protection of microgrids followed by a study of the power converters used and the utilization of multi-objective optimization for the selection of component ratings. Subsequent chapters address peer-to-peer energy trading in microgrids, local district heating and cooling systems, neighborhood generators used to supplement the utility electricity supplies in Iraq, and regulatory impediments to micro-wind generation in the United States.

Smart Grids and Microgrids

Smart Grids and Microgrids Book
Author : S. Mohan Krishna,J. L. Febin Daya,Umashankar Subramaniam,Prajof Prabhakaran,P. V. Brijesh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-03-22
ISBN : 1119760607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SMART GRIDS AND MICROGRIDS Written and edited by a team of experts in the field, this is the most comprehensive and up-to-date study of smart grids and microgrids for engineers, scientists, students, and other professionals. The power supply is one of the most important issues of our time. In every country, all over the world, from refrigerators to coffee makers to heating and cooling, almost everyone in the world needs to have access to power. As the global demand rises, new methods of delivering power, such as smart grids and microgrids, have, out of necessity or choice, been developed and researched. In this book, modern and advanced concepts of both microgrid and smart grid technology are introduced. Beginning from the brief fundamental concepts of microgrids and its various constituents this team of experts discusses different architectures, control issues, communication challenges, measurement, stability, power quality and mitigation, protection, and power electronic aspects of the microgrid system. Through this book, tools and techniques needed to design both microgrids and smart grids are discussed. Recent and developing topics like smart meter impact, remote data monitoring, communication protocols, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, big data, IoT, and many others are covered. Furthermore, this new volume also covers simulation and stability analysis tools pertaining to microgrids and smart grids. Throughout the book, detailed examples of microgrid and smart grid design and development strategies are provided, based on different constraints and requirements. Case studies, numerical models, and design examples are also included. Whether for the veteran engineer or student, this is a must-have volume for any library. Audience: Engineers, scientists, industry professionals, students, and other lay people involved in the business of smart grids and microgrids

Smart Hybrid AC DC Microgrids

Smart Hybrid AC DC Microgrids Book
Author : Farzam Nejabatkhah,Hao Tian,Yunwei Ryan Li
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-08-17
ISBN : 1119598397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SMART HYBRID AC/DC MICROGRIDS Addresses the technical aspects and implementation challenges of smart hybrid AC/DC microgrids Hybrid AC/DC Microgrids: Power Management, Energy Management, and Power Quality Control provides comprehensive coverage of interconnected smart hybrid microgrids, their different structures, and the technical issues associated with their control and implementation in the next generation of smart grids. This authoritative single-volume resource addresses smart hybrid microgrids??? power management, energy management, communications, power converter control, power quality, renewable generation integration, energy storage, and more. The book contains both basic and advanced technical information about smart hybrid AC/DC microgrids, featuring a detailed discussion of microgrid structures, communication technologies, and various configurations of interfacing power converters and control strategies. Numerous case studies highlight effective solutions for critical issues in hybrid microgrid operation, control and power quality compensation throughout the text. Topics include control strategies of renewable energy and energy storage interfacing converters in hybrid microgrids, supervisory control strategies of interfacing power converters for microgrid power management and energy microgrid, and smart interfacing power converters for power quality control. This volume: Includes a thorough overview of hybrid AC/DC microgrid concepts, structures, and applications Discusses communication and security enhancement techniques for guarding against cyberattacks Provides detailed controls of smart interfacing power electronics converters from distributed generations and energy storage systems in hybrid AC/DC microgrids Provides details on transient and steady-state power management systems in microgrids Discusses energy management systems, hierarchical control, multi-agent control, and advanced distribution management control of smart microgrids Identifies opportunities to control power quality with smart interfacing power electronic converters Addresses power quality issues in the context of real-world applications in data centers, electric railway systems, and electric vehicle charging stations Smart Hybrid AC/DC Microgrids: Power Management, Energy Management, and Power Quality Control is a valuable source of up-to-date information for senior undergraduate and graduate students as well as academic researchers and industry engineers in the areas of renewable energy, smart grids, microgrids, and power electronics.

Power Quality in Microgrids Based on Distributed Generators

Power Quality in Microgrids Based on Distributed Generators Book
Author : Ambrish Chandra,Hua Geng
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-12-10
ISBN : 3039280066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises ten articles covering different aspects of power quality issues in microgrids and distributed generation (DG) systems, including 1) Detection and estimation of power quality; 2) Modeling; 3) Harmonic control for DG systems and microgrids; 4) Stability improvements for microgrids. Different power quality phenomena and solution were studied in the included papers, such as harmonics, resonance, frequency deviation, voltage sag, and fluctuation. From a network point of view, some papers studied the harmonic and stability issues in standalone microgrids which are more likely to cause power quality problems. Other papers discussed the power quality problems in microgrids which are weakly interconnected with the main distribution grid. In view of the published papers, there is a trend that increasingly advanced modeling, analysis, and control schemes were applied in the studies. Moreover, the latest works focus not only on single-unit problems but also multiple units or network issues. Although some of the hot topics are not included, this book covers multiple aspects of the current power quality research frontier, and represents a particularly useful reference book for frontier researchers in this field.