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Microeconomic Modeling In Urban Science

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Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science Book
Author : Francisco Javier Martínez Concha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-26
ISBN : 9780128152966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science proposes an interdisciplinary framework for the analysis of urban systems. It portrays agents as rational beings modeled under the framework of random utility behavior and interacting in a complex market of location auctions, location externalities, agglomeration economies, transport accessibility attributes, and planning regulations and incentives. Francisco Javier Martinez Concha considers the optimal planning of cities as he explores interactions between citizens and between citizens and firms, the mesoscopic agglomeration of firms and the segregation of agents' socioeconomic clusters, and the emergence of city-level scale laws. Its unified model of city life is relevant to micro-, meso- and macro-scale interactions. Presents a unified, coherent and realistic framework able to simulate complete urban systems Describes the use of discrete-choice and stochastic behavior models in the auction spatial-equilibrium market Includes computing outputs from Cube-Land modeling using GIS

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science Book
Author : Francisco Martínez Concha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-10
ISBN : 0128152974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science proposes an interdisciplinary framework for the analysis of urban systems. It portrays agents as rational beings modeled under the framework of random utility behavior and interacting in a complex market of location auctions, location externalities, agglomeration economies, transport accessibility attributes, and planning regulations and incentives. Francisco Javier Martinez Concha considers the optimal planning of cities as he explores interactions between citizens and between citizens and firms, the mesoscopic agglomeration of firms and the segregation of agents’ socioeconomic clusters, and the emergence of city-level scale laws. Its unified model of city life is relevant to micro-, meso- and macro-scale interactions. Presents a unified, coherent and realistic framework able to simulate complete urban systems Describes the use of discrete–choice and stochastic behavior models in the auction spatial-equilibrium market Includes computing outputs from Cube-Land modeling using GIS

Handbook of Planning Support Science

Handbook of Planning Support Science Book
Author : Stan Geertman,John Stillwell
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 1788971086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encompassing a broad range of innovative studies on planning support science, this timely Handbook examines how the consequences of pressing societal challenges can be addressed using computer-based systems. Chapters explore the use of new streams of big and open data as well as data from traditional sources, offering significant critical insights into the field.

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome Book
Author : Konstadinos G. Goulias,Adam W. Davis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-29
ISBN : 0128173416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome covers the latest research on the biological, motivational, cognitive, situational, and dispositional factors that drive activity-travel behavior. Organized into three sections, Retrospective and Prospective Survey of Travel Behavior Research, New Research Methods and Findings, and Future Research, the chapters of this book provide evidence of progress made in the most recent years in four dimensions of the travel behavior genome. These dimensions are Substantive Problems, Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks, Behavioral Measurement, and Behavioral Analysis. Including the movement of goods as well as the movement of people, the book shows how traveler values, norms, attitudes, perceptions, emotions, feelings, and constraints lead to observed behavior; how to design efficient infrastructure and services to meet tomorrow’s needs for accessibility and mobility; how to assess equity and distributional justice; and how to assess and implement policies for improving sustainability and quality of life. Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome examines the paradigm shift toward more dynamic, user-centric, demand-responsive transport services, including the "sharing economy," mobility as a service, automation, and robotics. This volume provides research directions to answer behavioral questions emerging from these upheavals. Offers a wide variety of approaches from leading travel behavior researchers from around the world Provides a complete map of the methods, skills, and knowledge needed to work in travel behavior Describes the state of the art in travel behavior research, providing key directions for future research

Computational Urban Planning and Management for Smart Cities

Computational Urban Planning and Management for Smart Cities Book
Author : Stan Geertman,Qingming Zhan,Andrew Allan,Christopher Pettit
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-09
ISBN : 3030194248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a selection of the best articles presented at the CUPUM (Computational Urban Planning and Urban Management) conference, held in the second week of July 2019 at the University of Wuhan, China. The chapters included were selected based on a double-blind review process involving external reviewers.

Complex Networks and Their Applications X

Complex Networks and Their Applications X Book
Author : Rosa María Benito,Chantal Cherifi,Hocine Cherifi,Esteban Moro,Luis M. Rocha,Marta Sales-Pardo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030934136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights cutting-edge research in the field of network science, offering scientists, researchers, students, and practitioners a unique update on the latest advances in theory and a multitude of applications. It presents the peer-reviewed proceedings of the X International Conference on Complex Networks and their Applications (COMPLEX NETWORKS 2021). The carefully selected papers cover a wide range of theoretical topics such as network models and measures; community structure, network dynamics; diffusion, epidemics and spreading processes; resilience and control as well as all the main network applications, including social and political networks; networks in finance and economics; biological and neuroscience networks, and technological networks.

Regional Science Perspectives for the Future

Regional Science  Perspectives for the Future Book
Author : Manas Chatterji
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-27
ISBN : 1349255149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains up-to-date original contributions by some of the world's best known experts in the area of urban and regional science. Regional science provides the theoretical basis of urban and regional planning. The subject covers such topics as regional development, regional accounts, spatial price computation, regional and interregional knowledge networks and measurement of regional quality of life. A considerable amount of change has taken place in the spatial pattern of socio-economic activities and their interactions over the last half of the century leading to the need for more advanced tools of analysis in regional science. This book fulfils this need.

The Mathematics of Urban Morphology

The Mathematics of Urban Morphology Book
Author : Luca D'Acci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-23
ISBN : 3030123812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume provides an essential resource for urban morphology, the study of urban forms and structures, offering a much-needed mathematical perspective. Experts on a variety of mathematical modeling techniques provide new insights into specific aspects of the field, such as street networks, sustainability, and urban growth. The chapters collected here make a clear case for the importance of tools and methods to understand, model, and simulate the formation and evolution of cities. The chapters cover a wide variety of topics in urban morphology, and are conveniently organized by their mathematical principles. The first part covers fractals and focuses on how self-similar structures sort themselves out through competition. This is followed by a section on cellular automata, and includes chapters exploring how they generate fractal forms. Networks are the focus of the third part, which includes street networks and other forms as well. Chapters that examine complexity and its relation to urban structures are in part four.The fifth part introduces a variety of other quantitative models that can be used to study urban morphology. In the book’s final section, a series of multidisciplinary commentaries offers readers new ways of looking at the relationship between mathematics and urban forms. Being the first book on this topic, Mathematics of Urban Morphology will be an invaluable resource for applied mathematicians and anyone studying urban morphology. Additionally, anyone who is interested in cities from the angle of economics, sociology, architecture, or geography will also find it useful. "This book provides a useful perspective on the state of the art with respect to urban morphology in general and mathematics as tools and frames to disentangle the ideas that pervade arguments about form and function in particular. There is much to absorb in the pages that follow and there are many pointers to ways in which these ideas can be linked to related theories of cities, urban design and urban policy analysis as well as new movements such as the role of computation in cities and the idea of the smart city. Much food for thought. Read on, digest, enjoy." From the foreword by Michael Batty

Modeling Cities and Regions as Complex Systems

Modeling Cities and Regions as Complex Systems Book
Author : Roger White,Guy Engelen,Inge Uljee
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-09-11
ISBN : 0262029561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theory and practice of modeling cities and regions as complex, self-organizing systems, presenting widely used cellular automata-based models, theoretical discussions, and applications. Cities and regions grow (or occasionally decline), and continuously transform themselves as they do so. This book describes the theory and practice of modeling the spatial dynamics of urban growth and transformation. As cities are complex, adaptive, self-organizing systems, the most appropriate modeling framework is one based on the theory of self-organizing systems—an approach already used in such fields as physics and ecology. The book presents a series of models, most of them developed using cellular automata (CA), which are inherently spatial and computationally efficient. It also provides discussions of the theoretical, methodological, and philosophical issues that arise from the models. A case study illustrates the use of these models in urban and regional planning. Finally, the book presents a new, dynamic theory of urban spatial structure that emerges from the models and their applications. The models are primarily land use models, but the more advanced ones also show the dynamics of population and economic activities, and are integrated with models in other domains such as economics, demography, and transportation. The result is a rich and realistic representation of the spatial dynamics of a variety of urban phenomena. The book is unique in its coverage of both the general issues associated with complex self-organizing systems and the specifics of designing and implementing models of such systems.

The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics Book
Author : Joshua M. Duke,JunJie Wu
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-05
ISBN : 0199763747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Land use change is one of the most pervasive socioeconomic forces affecting ecological systems, economic systems, and human wellbeing. This Oxford Handbook draws on recent advances in several economic fields that investigate land use behavior, making this a must-read for those who want to understand the frontier of land economics.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Microeconomics

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Microeconomics Book
Author : Hashimzade, Nigar,Thornton, Michael A.
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2021-11-18
ISBN : 1788976487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written in a comprehensive yet accessible style, this Handbook introduces readers to a range of modern empirical methods with applications in microeconomics, illustrating how to use two of the most popular software packages, Stata and R, in microeconometric applications.

Transport Models in Urban Planning Practices

Transport Models in Urban Planning Practices Book
Author : Marco te Brömmelstroet,Luca Bertolini
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-08
ISBN : 1134921993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how transportation models can play a role in a changing transport planning and policy making context. Most models are rooted in decades of development work and are geared to offer value-free, academic and explicit knowledge to transport planning experts. However, planning practice has changed dramatically over the years, resulting in a less technical rational view on the use of such knowledge – especially so in early, strategy making phases. More and more complex policy goals, integration of a wide area of other policy domains, a wider, ever-changing and much more mixed group of planning participants and much more focus on ‘wicked problems’. The book maps how this influences the effectiveness of transport modelling exercises and explores several state-of-the-art implementations. This book was published as a special issue of Transport Reviews.

Complex Sciences

Complex Sciences Book
Author : Jie Zhou
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-26
ISBN : 3642024661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

I was invited to join the Organizing Committee of the First International Conference on Complex Sciences: Theory and Applications (Complex 2009) as its ninth member. At that moment, eight distinguished colleagues, General Co-chairs Eugene Stanley and Gaoxi Xiao, Technical Co-chairs János Kertész and Bing-Hong Wang, Local Co-chairs Hengshan Wang and Hong-An Che, Publicity Team Shi Xiao and Yubo Wang, had spent hundreds of hours pushing the conference half way to its birth. Ever since then, I have been amazed to see hundreds of papers flooding in, reviewed and commented on by the TPC members. Finally, more than 200 contributions were - lected for the proceedings currently in your hands. They include about 200 papers from the main conference (selected from more than 320 submissions) and about 33 papers from the five collated workshops: Complexity Theory of Art and Music (COART) Causality in Complex Systems (ComplexCCS) Complex Engineering Networks (ComplexEN) Modeling and Analysis of Human Dynamics (MANDYN) Social Physics and its Applications (SPA) Complex sciences are expanding their colonies at such a dazzling speed that it - comes literally impossible for any conference to cover all the frontiers.

Theories and Models of Urbanization

Theories and Models of Urbanization Book
Author : Denise Pumain
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-02
ISBN : 3030366561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough discussion about fundamental questions regarding urban theories and modeling. It is a curated collection of contributions to a workshop held in Paris on October 12th and 13th 2017 at the Institute of Complex Systems by the team of ERC GeoDiverCity. There are several chapters conveying the answers given by single authors to problems of conceptualization and modeling and others in which scholars reply to their conception and question them. Even, the chapters transcribing keynote presentations were rewritten according to contributions from the respective discussions. The result is a complete “state of the art” of what is our knowledge about urban processes and their possible formalization.

Introduction to Urban Science

Introduction to Urban Science Book
Author : Luis M. A. Bettencourt
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2021-08-17
ISBN : 0262046008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A novel, integrative approach to cities as complex adaptive systems, applicable to issues ranging from innovation to economic prosperity to settlement patterns. Human beings around the world increasingly live in urban environments. In Introduction to Urban Science, Luis Bettencourt takes a novel, integrative approach to understanding cities as complex adaptive systems, claiming that they require us to frame the field of urban science in a way that goes beyond existing theory in such traditional disciplines as sociology, geography, and economics. He explores the processes facilitated by and, in many cases, unleashed for the first time by urban life through the lenses of social heterogeneity, complex networks, scaling, circular causality, and information. Though the idea that cities are complex adaptive systems has become mainstream, until now those who study cities have lacked a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding cities and urbanization, for generating useful and falsifiable predictions, and for constructing a solid body of empirical evidence so that the discipline of urban science can continue to develop. Bettencourt applies his framework to such issues as innovation and development across scales, human reasoning and strategic decision-making, patterns of settlement and mobility and their influence on socioeconomic life and resource use, inequality and inequity, biodiversity, and the challenges of sustainable development in both high- and low-income nations. It is crucial, says Bettencourt, to realize that cities are not "zero-sum games" and that knowledge, human cooperation, and collective action can build a better future.

Land Use Transport Interaction Models

Land Use   Transport Interaction Models Book
Author : Rubén Cordera,Ángel Ibeas,Luigi dell’Olio,Borja Alonso
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 135136152X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport and the spatial location of population and activities have been important themes of study in engineering, social sciences and urban and regional planning for many decades. However, an integrated approach to the modelling of transport and land use has been rarely made, and common practice has been to model both phenomena independently. This book presents an introduction to the modelling of land use and transport interaction (LUTI), with a theoretical basis and a presentation of the broad state of the art. It also sets out the steps for building an operational LUTI model to provide a concrete application. The authors bring extensive experience in this cross-disciplinary field, primarily for an academic audience and for professionals seeking a thorough introduction.

The City and Its Sciences

The City and Its Sciences Book
Author : Cristoforo S. Bertuglia,Giuliano. Bianchi,Alfredo Mela
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642959296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent developments in the field of urban analysis and management are investigated in this book. It is a wide-ranging collection of essays on the subject drawn from a long-term project and seminar, held in Italy, to review the state of the art and speculate on the future influence on the "sciences of the city" of the complexity concept. Of particular interest is the variety of points of view, often contrasting, and the attempt to go beyond the conventional approaches to the analysis, and the planning of the city. While focussing mainly on the European (and in particular Italian) context, the discussion is of general relevance and valuable to anyone concerned with the prospects for the city in the new millenium.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2014

Computational Science and Its Applications   ICCSA 2014 Book
Author : Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Ana Maria Alves Coutinho Rocha,Carmelo Torre,Jorge Gustavo Rocha,Maria Irene Falcão,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Osvaldo Gervasi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-03
ISBN : 3319091298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The six-volume set LNCS 8579-8584 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2014, held in Guimarães, Portugal, in June/July 2014. The 347 revised papers presented in 30 workshops and a special track were carefully reviewed and selected from 1167. The 289 papers presented in the workshops cover various areas in computational science ranging from computational science technologies to specific areas of computational science such as computational geometry and security.

The New Science of Cities

The New Science of Cities Book
Author : Michael Batty
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 0262534568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A proposal for a new way to understand cities and their design not as artifacts but as systems composed of flows and networks. In The New Science of Cities, Michael Batty suggests that to understand cities we must view them not simply as places in space but as systems of networks and flows. To understand space, he argues, we must understand flows, and to understand flows, we must understand networks—the relations between objects that compose the system of the city. Drawing on the complexity sciences, social physics, urban economics, transportation theory, regional science, and urban geography, and building on his own previous work, Batty introduces theories and methods that reveal the deep structure of how cities function. Batty presents the foundations of a new science of cities, defining flows and their networks and introducing tools that can be applied to understanding different aspects of city structure. He examines the size of cities, their internal order, the transport routes that define them, and the locations that fix these networks. He introduces methods of simulation that range from simple stochastic models to bottom-up evolutionary models to aggregate land-use transportation models. Then, using largely the same tools, he presents design and decision-making models that predict interactions and flows in future cities. These networks emphasize a notion with relevance for future research and planning: that design of cities is collective action.

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment Book
Author : Lars Lundqvist,Lars-Göran Mattsson,Tschangho John Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642722423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the result of an international collaboration, which started with a conference at Smadalaro Gfrrd in Sweden. The workshop was supported by the National Science Foundation of the USA (INT-9215114) and by the Swedish National Road Administration, the Swedish Council for Building Research, the Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board and the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. This support is gratefully acknow ledged. The collaboration started as a bilateral u.S.-Swedish endeavour but was soon widened to other scholars in Europe, Asia, Australia and South-America. Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment is a policy area of growing importance. Sustainable cities and sustainable transport systems are necessary for attaining a sustainable development. The research and policy field, represented in this volume, comprises a number of challenging contrasts: - the contrast between infrastructure investments, mobility and environmental sustainability; - the contrast between policy contexts, modelling traditions and available decision support systems in various parts of the world; - the contrast between available best practice methods and the majority of models applied in planning; the contrast between static models of cross-sectionary equilibria and dynamic models of disequilibrium adjustments; and the contrast between state-of-the-art operationalland-use/transport models and new demands for land-use/transportlenvironment models due to changing policy contexts. Bridging some of these gaps constitutes important research tasks, that are discussed in the twenty-two chapters of this book. A number of emerging research directions are identified in the introduction and summary chapter.