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Microeconomic Modeling In Urban Science

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Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science Book
Author : Francisco Martínez Concha
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-10
ISBN : 0128152974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microeconomic Modeling in Urban Science proposes an interdisciplinary framework for the analysis of urban systems. It portrays agents as rational beings modeled under the framework of random utility behavior and interacting in a complex market of location auctions, location externalities, agglomeration economies, transport accessibility attributes, and planning regulations and incentives. Francisco Javier Martinez Concha considers the optimal planning of cities as he explores interactions between citizens and between citizens and firms, the mesoscopic agglomeration of firms and the segregation of agents’ socioeconomic clusters, and the emergence of city-level scale laws. Its unified model of city life is relevant to micro-, meso- and macro-scale interactions. Presents a unified, coherent and realistic framework able to simulate complete urban systems Describes the use of discrete–choice and stochastic behavior models in the auction spatial-equilibrium market Includes computing outputs from Cube-Land modeling using GIS

Handbook of Planning Support Science

Handbook of Planning Support Science Book
Author : Stan Geertman,John Stillwell
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2020-02-28
ISBN : 1788971086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encompassing a broad range of innovative studies on planning support science, this timely Handbook examines how the consequences of pressing societal challenges can be addressed using computer-based systems. Chapters explore the use of new streams of big and open data as well as data from traditional sources, offering significant critical insights into the field.

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome Book
Author : Konstadinos G. Goulias,Adam W. Davis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-29
ISBN : 0128173416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome covers the latest research on the biological, motivational, cognitive, situational, and dispositional factors that drive activity-travel behavior. Organized into three sections, Retrospective and Prospective Survey of Travel Behavior Research, New Research Methods and Findings, and Future Research, the chapters of this book provide evidence of progress made in the most recent years in four dimensions of the travel behavior genome. These dimensions are Substantive Problems, Theoretical and Conceptual Frameworks, Behavioral Measurement, and Behavioral Analysis. Including the movement of goods as well as the movement of people, the book shows how traveler values, norms, attitudes, perceptions, emotions, feelings, and constraints lead to observed behavior; how to design efficient infrastructure and services to meet tomorrow’s needs for accessibility and mobility; how to assess equity and distributional justice; and how to assess and implement policies for improving sustainability and quality of life. Mapping the Travel Behavior Genome examines the paradigm shift toward more dynamic, user-centric, demand-responsive transport services, including the "sharing economy," mobility as a service, automation, and robotics. This volume provides research directions to answer behavioral questions emerging from these upheavals. Offers a wide variety of approaches from leading travel behavior researchers from around the world Provides a complete map of the methods, skills, and knowledge needed to work in travel behavior Describes the state of the art in travel behavior research, providing key directions for future research

Computational Urban Planning and Management for Smart Cities

Computational Urban Planning and Management for Smart Cities Book
Author : Stan Geertman,Qingming Zhan,Andrew Allan,Christopher Pettit
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-09
ISBN : 3030194248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a selection of the best articles presented at the CUPUM (Computational Urban Planning and Urban Management) conference, held in the second week of July 2019 at the University of Wuhan, China. The chapters included were selected based on a double-blind review process involving external reviewers.

Cities in Space

Cities in Space Book
Author : David T. Herbert,Colin J. Thomas
Publisher : Barnes & Noble Imports
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cities in Space book written by David T. Herbert,Colin J. Thomas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Regional Science Perspectives for the Future

Regional Science  Perspectives for the Future Book
Author : Manas Chatterji
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-27
ISBN : 1349255149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains up-to-date original contributions by some of the world's best known experts in the area of urban and regional science. Regional science provides the theoretical basis of urban and regional planning. The subject covers such topics as regional development, regional accounts, spatial price computation, regional and interregional knowledge networks and measurement of regional quality of life. A considerable amount of change has taken place in the spatial pattern of socio-economic activities and their interactions over the last half of the century leading to the need for more advanced tools of analysis in regional science. This book fulfils this need.

Modeling Cities and Regions as Complex Systems

Modeling Cities and Regions as Complex Systems Book
Author : Roger White,Guy Engelen,Inge Uljee
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2015-09-11
ISBN : 0262029561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theory and practice of modeling cities and regions as complex, self-organizing systems, presenting widely used cellular automata-based models, theoretical discussions, and applications.

An Essay on Urban Economic Theory

An Essay on Urban Economic Theory Book
Author : Yorgos Y. Papageorgiou,David Pines
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461549477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past thirty years, urban economic theory has been one of the most active areas of urban and regional economic research. Just as static general equilibrium theory is at the core of modern microeconomics, so is the topic of this book - the static allocation of resources within a city and between cities - at the core of urban economic theory. An Essay on Urban Economic Theory well reflects the state of the field. Part I provides an elegant, coherent, and rigorous presentation of several variants of the monocentric (city) model - as the centerpiece of urban economic theory - treating equilibrium, optimum, and comparative statistics. Part II explores less familiar and even some uncharted territory. The monocentric model looks at a single city in isolation, taking as given a central business district surrounded by residences. Part II, in contrast, makes the intra-urban location of residential and non-residential activity the outcome of the fundamental tradeoff between the propensity to interact and the aversion to crowding; the resulting pattern of agglomeration may be polycentric. Part II also develops models of an urbanized economy with trade between specialized cities and examines how the market-determined size distribution of cities differs from the optimum. This book launches a new series, Advances in Urban and Regional Economics. The series aims to provide an outlet for longer scholarly works dealing with topics in urban and regional economics.

Transport Models in Urban Planning Practices

Transport Models in Urban Planning Practices Book
Author : Marco te Brömmelstroet,Luca Bertolini
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-08
ISBN : 1134921993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how transportation models can play a role in a changing transport planning and policy making context. Most models are rooted in decades of development work and are geared to offer value-free, academic and explicit knowledge to transport planning experts. However, planning practice has changed dramatically over the years, resulting in a less technical rational view on the use of such knowledge – especially so in early, strategy making phases. More and more complex policy goals, integration of a wide area of other policy domains, a wider, ever-changing and much more mixed group of planning participants and much more focus on ‘wicked problems’. The book maps how this influences the effectiveness of transport modelling exercises and explores several state-of-the-art implementations. This book was published as a special issue of Transport Reviews.

Environment Planning

Environment   Planning Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environment Planning book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2014

Computational Science and Its Applications   ICCSA 2014 Book
Author : Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Ana Maria Alves Coutinho Rocha,Carmelo Torre,Jorge Gustavo Rocha,Maria Irene Falcão,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Osvaldo Gervasi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-03
ISBN : 3319091298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The six-volume set LNCS 8579-8584 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2014, held in Guimarães, Portugal, in June/July 2014. The 347 revised papers presented in 30 workshops and a special track were carefully reviewed and selected from 1167. The 289 papers presented in the workshops cover various areas in computational science ranging from computational science technologies to specific areas of computational science such as computational geometry and security.

Microeconomic Models of Housing Markets

Microeconomic Models of Housing Markets Book
Author : Konrad Stahl
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642465315
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volume is an outgrowth of several years' interactions be tween U. S. American and W. -German economists interested in analyzing the structure and functioning of housing markets, and the impacts of govern mental policies on these markets. Such an interaction turns out to be fruitful in several respects. Unquestionably, German economists can learn a lot from the high level of sophistication exhibited in much of the American literature. However, this is not a one way road of learning and the adoption of concepts, for the following reason. Most of the analysis presented in that literature hinges on the use of the standard microeco nomics textbook tools. Now, even a casual observation of housing markets in European countries reveals that behavior and conduct in these markets do not follow the assumptions presumed in this mode of analysis, which calls into question the uncritical employment of that tool kit. This has important consequences for policy analysis and indeed, for some principal attitudes towards housing policy, and points sharply to the need for developing analytical concepts that take up more of the pecul iarities of housing market behavior and conduct. While such a develop ment may be particularly warranted in view of European housing markets, we maintain this to be the case in view of the American housing market as well.

Introduction to Urban Science

Introduction to Urban Science Book
Author : Luis M. A. Bettencourt
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2021-08-17
ISBN : 0262366436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A novel, integrative approach to cities as complex adaptive systems, applicable to issues ranging from innovation to economic prosperity to settlement patterns. Human beings around the world increasingly live in urban environments. In Introduction to Urban Science, Luis Bettencourt takes a novel, integrative approach to understanding cities as complex adaptive systems, claiming that they require us to frame the field of urban science in a way that goes beyond existing theory in such traditional disciplines as sociology, geography, and economics. He explores the processes facilitated by and, in many cases, unleashed for the first time by urban life through the lenses of social heterogeneity, complex networks, scaling, circular causality, and information. Though the idea that cities are complex adaptive systems has become mainstream, until now those who study cities have lacked a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding cities and urbanization, for generating useful and falsifiable predictions, and for constructing a solid body of empirical evidence so that the discipline of urban science can continue to develop. Bettencourt applies his framework to such issues as innovation and development across scales, human reasoning and strategic decision-making, patterns of settlement and mobility and their influence on socioeconomic life and resource use, inequality and inequity, biodiversity, and the challenges of sustainable development in both high- and low-income nations. It is crucial, says Bettencourt, to realize that cities are not "zero-sum games" and that knowledge, human cooperation, and collective action can build a better future.

The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics Book
Author : JunJie Wu
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-06-20
ISBN : 0199393494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What do economists know about land-and how they know? The Oxford Handbook of Land Economics describes the latest developments in the fields of economics that examine land, including natural resource economics, environmental economics, regional science, and urban economics. The handbook argues, first, that land is a theme that integrates these fields and second, that productive integration increasingly occurs not just within economics but also across disciplines. Greater recognition and integration stimulates cross-fertilization among the fields of land economics research. By providing a comprehensive survey of land-related work in several economics fields, this handbook provides the basic tools needed for economists to redefine the scope and focus of their work to better incorporate the contemporary thinking from other fields and to push out the frontiers of land economics. The first section presents recent advances in the analysis of major drivers of land use change, focusing on economic development and various land-use markets. The second section presents economic research on the environmental and socio-economic impacts of land use and land use change. The third section addresses six cutting-edge approaches for land economics research, including spatial econometric, simulation, and experimental methods. The section also includes a synthetic chapter critically reviewing methodological advances. The fourth section covers policy issues. Four chapters disentangle the economics of land conservation and preservation, while three chapters examine the economic analysis of the legal institutions of land use. These chapters focus on law and economic problems of permissible government control of land in the U.S. context.

International Journal of Urban Sciences

International Journal of Urban Sciences Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Journal of Urban Sciences book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Land Use Transport Interaction Models

Land Use   Transport Interaction Models Book
Author : Rubén Cordera,Ángel Ibeas,Luigi dell’Olio,Borja Alonso
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 135136152X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transport and the spatial location of population and activities have been important themes of study in engineering, social sciences and urban and regional planning for many decades. However, an integrated approach to the modelling of transport and land use has been rarely made, and common practice has been to model both phenomena independently. This book presents an introduction to the modelling of land use and transport interaction (LUTI), with a theoretical basis and a presentation of the broad state of the art. It also sets out the steps for building an operational LUTI model to provide a concrete application. The authors bring extensive experience in this cross-disciplinary field, primarily for an academic audience and for professionals seeking a thorough introduction.

Theories and Models of Urbanization

Theories and Models of Urbanization Book
Author : Denise Pumain
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-02
ISBN : 3030366561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a thorough discussion about fundamental questions regarding urban theories and modeling. It is a curated collection of contributions to a workshop held in Paris on October 12th and 13th 2017 at the Institute of Complex Systems by the team of ERC GeoDiverCity. There are several chapters conveying the answers given by single authors to problems of conceptualization and modeling and others in which scholars reply to their conception and question them. Even, the chapters transcribing keynote presentations were rewritten according to contributions from the respective discussions. The result is a complete “state of the art” of what is our knowledge about urban processes and their possible formalization.

Cities In Space

Cities In Space Book
Author : Prof David Herbert,Dr Colin Thomas
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-26
ISBN : 1134089414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

CPL Bibliography

CPL Bibliography Book
Author : Council of Planning Librarians
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download CPL Bibliography book written by Council of Planning Librarians, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment Book
Author : Lars Lundqvist,Lars-Göran Mattsson,Tschangho John Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642722423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the result of an international collaboration, which started with a conference at Smadalaro Gfrrd in Sweden. The workshop was supported by the National Science Foundation of the USA (INT-9215114) and by the Swedish National Road Administration, the Swedish Council for Building Research, the Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board and the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. This support is gratefully acknow ledged. The collaboration started as a bilateral u.S.-Swedish endeavour but was soon widened to other scholars in Europe, Asia, Australia and South-America. Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment is a policy area of growing importance. Sustainable cities and sustainable transport systems are necessary for attaining a sustainable development. The research and policy field, represented in this volume, comprises a number of challenging contrasts: - the contrast between infrastructure investments, mobility and environmental sustainability; - the contrast between policy contexts, modelling traditions and available decision support systems in various parts of the world; - the contrast between available best practice methods and the majority of models applied in planning; the contrast between static models of cross-sectionary equilibria and dynamic models of disequilibrium adjustments; and the contrast between state-of-the-art operationalland-use/transport models and new demands for land-use/transportlenvironment models due to changing policy contexts. Bridging some of these gaps constitutes important research tasks, that are discussed in the twenty-two chapters of this book. A number of emerging research directions are identified in the introduction and summary chapter.