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Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota Book
Author : Alper Evrensel,Barış Önen Ünsalver
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 1789848148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The gut-brain axis has gained considerable attention from different branches of the scientific community in recent years. In this book, scientists from different disciplines present current scientific knowledge on the topic. The interaction between the prokaryote and eukaryote cells stimulates the evolutionary processes, and results in various systemic illnesses such as neuropsychiatric disorders and may help the continuity of health. Nature has provided us with healthy food that builds our pharmacy. This natural pharmacy store may help the body's healing processes through its effects on gut microbiota and the immune system. This book aims to provide the reader with detailed analyses of the current scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis and its relation with health and disease. We hope that the reader benefits from the presented material.

Microbiota Brain Axis

Microbiota Brain Axis Book
Author : Jane A. Foster,Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 0128148012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiota-Brain Axis: A Neuroscience Primer provides neuroscience researchers with a comprehensive guide on how to conduct effective microbiota-brain research, understand the appropriate methodologies, and collect and analyze microbiota data. The book begins with an introduction to the importance of the microbiota-brain communication in development and how microbiota impact neurodevelopmental disorders, mental health and neurodegeneration. In addition, the book discusses advances in microbiota analysis tools and techniques for neuroscience related research. Reviews the many approaches to manipulating the microbiota in animal studies - including the use of germ-free animals, antibiotics and diet - and covers the strengths and limitations of each Outlines available microbiota research tools, such as 16S sequencing and shot-gun metagenomics Provides a comprehensive guide to analyzing microbiota-related data and the many choices for bioinformatics

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology  The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease Book
Author : Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-05
ISBN : 1493908979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

The Gut Brain Axis

The Gut Brain Axis Book
Author : Niall Hyland,Catherine Stanton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0128025441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Gut-Brain Axis: Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota examines the potential for microbial manipulation as a therapeutic avenue in central nervous system disorders in which an altered microbiota has been implicated, and explores the mechanisms, sometimes common, by which the microbiota may contribute to such disorders. Focuses on specific areas in which the microbiota has been implicated in gut-brain communication Examines common mechanisms and pathways by which the microbiota may influence brain and behavior Identifies novel therapeutic strategies targeted toward the microbiota in the management of brain activity and behavior

Gut Microbiota Its Modifications and the Gut brain Axis

Gut Microbiota  Its Modifications and the Gut brain Axis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Gut Microbiota Its Modifications and the Gut brain Axis book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Possible Role of the Microbiota gut brain axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Possible Role of the Microbiota gut brain axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder Book
Author : Piranavie Srikantha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Possible Role of the Microbiota gut brain axis in Autism Spectrum Disorder book written by Piranavie Srikantha, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nod1 Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota Gut Brain Axis

Nod1 Nod2 Receptors Modulate the Microbiota Gut Brain Axis Book
Author : Melinda A. Schneider
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781321910902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The association between intestinal diseases, mood disorders and cognitive deficits is increasingly recognized. Previous studies from our lab suggest that chronic intestinal diseases, such as infection with an enteric pathogen, in combination with an acute psychological stressor (water avoidance stress [WAS]), can induce anxiety-like behavior and memory defects in mice. In our current study, we hypothesized that nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (Nod) receptors, as important modulators of homeostasis between the host immune system and the gut microbiota, are integral regulators of the microbiota-gut-brain (MGB) axis. Using Nod1/Nod2 double knockout (NodDKO) mice, we performed behavioral testing, qPCR analysis of stool bacterial DNA, and serum corticosterone analysis. Compared to wild type (WT) controls (C57BL/6), NodDKO mice displayed anxiety-like behaviors (light/dark box test, p

The microbiome Interactions with organ systems diet and genetics An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Ebook

The microbiome  Interactions with organ systems  diet  and genetics  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America  Ebook Book
Author : Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-08-09
ISBN : 0323679013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

A Psychology of the Human Brain gut microbiome Axis

A Psychology of the Human Brain   gut   microbiome Axis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: In recent years, we have seen increasing research within neuroscience and biopsychology on the interactions between the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract, and the bidirectional relationship between these systems: the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Although research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota can impact upon cognition and a variety of stress‐related behaviours, including those relevant to anxiety and depression, we still do not know how this occurs. A deeper understanding of how psychological development as well as social and cultural factors impact upon the brain–gut–microbiome axis will contextualise the role of the axis in humans and inform psychological interventions that improve health within the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Interventions ostensibly aimed at ameliorating disorders in one part of the brain–gut–microbiome axis (e.g., psychotherapy for depression) may nonetheless impact upon other parts of the axis (e.g., microbiome composition and function), and functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome represent a disorder of the axis, rather than an isolated problem either of psychology or of gastrointestinal function. The discipline of psychology needs to be cognisant of these interactions and can help to inform the future research agenda in this emerging field of research. In this review, we outline the role psychology has to play in understanding the brain–gut–microbiome axis, with a focus on human psychology and the use of research in laboratory animals to model human psychology.

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases

The Interplay of Microbiome and Immune Response in Health and Diseases Book
Author : Gwendolyn Barcel´o-Coblijn,Amedeo Amedei
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-11-06
ISBN : 3039216465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

[Increasing evidence suggests that microbiota and especially the gut microbiota (the microbes inhabiting the gut including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and fungi) plays a key role in human physiology and pathology. Recent findings indicate how dysbiosis—an imbalance in the composition and organization of microbial populations—could severely impact the development of different medical conditions (from metabolic to mood disorders), providing new insights into the comprehension of diverse diseases, such as IBD, obesity, asthma, autism, stroke, diabetes, and cancer. Given that microbial cells in the gut outnumber host cells, microbiota influences human physiology both functionally and structurally. Microbial metabolites bridge various—even distant—areas of the organism by way of the immune and hormone system. For instance, it is now clear that the mutual interaction between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain (gut–brain axis), often involves gut microbiota, indicating that the crosstalk between the organism and its microbial residents represents a fundamental aspect of both the establishment and maintenance of healthy conditions. Moreover, it is crucial to recognize that beyond the intestinal tract, microbiota populates other host organs and tissues (e.g., skin and oral mucosa). We have edited this eBook with the aim of publishing manuscripts focusing on the impact of microbiota in the development of different diseases and their associated treatments.]

The Gut Microbiome An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America E Book

The Gut Microbiome  An Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America  E Book Book
Author : Eamonn M.M. Quigley
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-02-09
ISBN : 0323509975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Quigley has created a must-have reference on the gut microbiome for the practicing gastroenterologist. A leader in the field of human physiology and digestive disorders, he has laid out the basics on this increasingly important topic, devoting articles to the organization and biology of the human gut microbiome as well as its diagnostic potential. Top international authors have presented articles that discuss the intersection of the gut microbiome and diet and the gut-brain axis. Clinical implications of the gut microbiome are discussed with disease states like IBD, GI cancer, and liver diseases. Finally, the issue ends with the cutting-edge clinical innovation of fecal microbial transplantation. This issue bridges the gap between science and clinical practice and should be an important reference to practicing gastroenterologists.

The Complex Interplay Between Gut Brain Gut Liver and Liver Brain Axes

The Complex Interplay Between Gut Brain  Gut Liver  and Liver Brain Axes Book
Author : Cristina Stasi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 0128219289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Complex Interplay Between Gut–Brain, Gut–Liver, and Liver–Brain Axes provides current and wide-ranging information in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions that can be used in resolving important clinical issues. This book is systematically split into three distinct sections. The first section introduces the pathophysiology of the gut–brain connection, including the causative effect of the interactions between the gut and brain in gastrointestinal and psychiatric/neurological disorders, and the role of serotonin and its pathways in gastrointestinal disorders. The second section examines the pathophysiology of the gut–liver connection along with the interactions between gut microbiota and liver in chronic liver diseases, with special focus on the role of serotonin and its pathways in hepatic fibrogenesis. Finally, the third section describes the pathophysiology of the liver–brain connection, including the role of gut microbiota in hepatic encephalopathy, as well as dietary and therapeutic interventions that target the gut microbiome. Provides current and wide-ranging knowledge in the field of gastrointestinal, liver, and brain interactions. Resolves important clinical issues concerning gut, liver, and brain interactions. Demonstrates advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal and liver diseases.

The Microbiome

The Microbiome Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-08
ISBN : 0128207973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Microbiome, Volume 176, assembles known facts and provides guidance for their implementation on topics relating to associations between the gut microbiome and personality traits, depression, anxiety, autism, schizophrenia, cognition, dementia and neurodegeneration. Additionally, this volume considers the influence of the maternal microbiome on brain development, with chapters covering Intervention, prevention, and the brain: prebiotics, probiotics, and fecal transplants, The microbiota-gut-brain axis: focus on the fundamental communication pathways, and Microbiome composition and locations. Provides a comprehensive review of the bidirectional interactions between gut microbes and the brain Includes data across the lifespan Focuses on microbiome related therapies with broad appeal within, and beyond, the medical and scientific community

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease Book
Author : Mike Wilson
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351068350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life Book
Author : Josef Neu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-18
ISBN : 0128206098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology

Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology Book
Author : William Slikker, Jr.,Merle G. Paule,Cheng Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 0128093943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Developmental Neurotoxicology, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive view of the fundamental aspects of neurodevelopment, the pathways and agents that affect them, relevant clinical syndromes, and risk assessment procedures for developmental neurotoxicants. The editors and chapter authors are internationally recognized experts whose collaboration heralds a remarkable advance in the field, bridging developmental neuroscience with the principles of neurotoxicology. The book features eight new chapters with newly recruited authors, making it an essential text for students and professionals in toxicology, neurotoxicology, developmental biology, pharmacology, and neuroscience. Presents a comprehensive, up-to-date resource on developmental neurotoxicology with updated chapters from the first edition Contains new chapters that focus on subjects recent to the field Includes well-illustrated material, with diagrams, charts, and tables Contains compelling case studies and chapters written by world experts

The Microbiome Interactions with Organ Systems Diet and Genetics an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America

The Microbiome  Interactions with Organ Systems  Diet  and Genetics  an Issue of Gastroenterology Clinics of North America Book
Author : Rochellys Diaz Heijtz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-28
ISBN : 9780323679008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In consultation with Consulting Editor, Dr. Alan Buchman, Dr. Rocheyllys Diaz Heijtz has put together a state-of the-art issue of the Gastroenterology Clinics of North America devoted to The Microbiome: Interactions with Organ Systems, Diet, and Genetics. Clinical review articles from expert authors are specifically devoted to the following: The Role of the Microbiome of o the Female Reproductive Tract on Health and Pregnancy; Eating Disorders and the Gut Microbiota; Maturation of the Infant Microbiome Community Structure and Function; Microbe-Host Interactions in Allergic Diseases; Emerging Role of the Gut Microbiota in Neurodevelopmental Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota Axis and Mood Disorders; Brain-Gut-Microbiota and ADHD; The Microbiota-Gut-Brain Axis and Postpartum Depression; and The Microbiota and Pancreatic Cancer. Readers will come away with the latest information on the microbiome and how to incorporate the information into gut health for patients.

The Belly Brain Solution

The Belly Brain Solution Book
Author : Tammy Tucker
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2018-04-16
ISBN : 9781717107480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

WHO THIS BOOK IS FOR: If you have ever struggled with... Issues with your "Belly" or "Brain" - Gas or bloating in the belly - Indigestion or heartburn - Nausea - Irritable bowel issues (constipation or diarrhea) - Depression - Fatigue - Anxiety - Mood changes - Headaches - Inflammation or pain, achiness in joints or tissues - Fibromyalgia - Sleep problems - Attention or focus issues - Hormone imbalances - Memory Loss - Autoimmune Disease (thyroid, arthritis, diabetes, psoriasis) Although far from exhaustive, below are some of the symptoms of digestive problems: - Flatulence/ wind - Diarrhea - Constipation - Stomach pain - Environmental Allergies/hay-fever - Itchiness - Dizziness - Weight loss/ gain - Nervousness - Brain fog - Skin problems such as rashes, eczema, and psoriasis - Pins and needles/Neuropathy - Brittle nails - Recurrent urinary tract infections - Hair Loss It is becoming increasingly evident that bidirectional signaling exists between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, often involving the gut microbiota. This emerging area of research is evolving quickly. Learn how to take back your health on your journey to perfect health.

WHAT S BUGGING THE GUT IN OCD A REVIEW OF THE GUT MICROBIOME IN OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

 WHAT S BUGGING THE GUT IN OCD   A REVIEW OF THE GUT MICROBIOME IN OBSESSIVE   COMPULSIVE DISORDER  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract : The gut microbiome has become a topic of major interest as of late, with a new focus specifically on psychiatric disorders. Recent studies have revealed that variations in the composition of the gut microbiota may influence anxiety and mood and vice versa. Keeping the concept of this bidirectional "microbiota‐gut‐brain" axis in mind, this review aims to shed light on how these findings may also be implicated in obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD); potentially outlining a novel etiological pathway of interest for future research in the field.

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research Book
Author : Fidel Toldra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03
ISBN : 0128204702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, Volume 91 provides updated knowledge about nutrients in foods and how to avoid their deficiency, especially for those essential nutrients that should be present in the diet to reduce disease risk and optimize health. Specific topics covered in this new release include Polyphenols in the management of brain disorders: Modulation of the microbiota-gut-brain axis, Protein and amino acids in skeletal muscle health in aging, Chemical composition and health properties of coffee and coffee by-products, Seaweed and seaweed-derived metabolites as prebiotics, Bioactive potential of fruit and vegetable wastes, and more. The series provides the latest advances on the identification and characterization of emerging bioactive compounds with putative health benefits, as well as up-to-date information on food science, including raw materials, production, processing, distribution and consumption. Contains contributions that have been carefully selected based on their vast experience and expertise on the subject Includes updated, in-depth, and critical discussions of available information, giving the reader a unique opportunity to learn Encompasses a broad view of the topics at hand