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Microbial Services In Restoration Ecology

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Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Jay Shankar Singh,Shobhit Raj Vimal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-21
ISBN : 0128204273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Services in Restoration Ecology describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems. The role of microbial interactions with crop plants which benefit agricultural productivity is also discussed. The book also includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants. This work provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions. Describes the role of microbial resources and their beneficial services in soil fertility and restoration of degraded ecosystems Discusses the role of microbial interactions with crop plants and how it benefits of agricultural productivity Includes significant advances in microbial based bio-pesticide production and strategies for high-density bio-inoculant cultivation to improve stress survivability of crop plants provides next-generation molecular technologies for exploring complex microbial secondary metabolites and metabolic regulation in viability of plant–microbe interactions

Role of Microbes in Restoration Ecology

Role of Microbes in Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Prashant Pant,Prerna Pandey
Publisher : Delve Publishing
Release : 2017-11
ISBN : 9781773611952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The editors are glad to present this book on a concurrent and succinct topic "Role of Microbes in Restoration Ecology". Successful eco-restoration of degraded lands can provide essential ecosystem services benefiting the site, environment, wild flora and fauna as well as the locals. Establishment of native and economically-useful plant community in environmentally degraded areas requires rejuvenation of soil health and resetting of feedback loops that connect plant communities with microbial communities. Bacteria, fungi and soil microfauna in the soil constitute complex, heterogeneous communities that shift with changes in soil factors due to eco-restoration practices, enabling establishment of sustainable plant communities. The books presents a panoramic view of cultivable and uncultivable soil microbial biodiversity and the linkages associated between the above and below ground communities in the first chapter. The second chapter presents a deep insight on role of microbes as driver of soil processes. The next chapter focusses on the role of microbes as amelioration agents for polluted sites with various examples and case studies. Chapter four talks about the connection between techniques applied in eco-restoration programs for introduction and establishment of forest communities and the role played by microbial communities for success of such programs. Chapter five of the book dissects some of the most recent finding and developments regarding the interaction between soil microbial diversity with invasive alien species and the forces shaping microbial communities and current ecological theories. The last chapter presents some of the case studies where microbes have been fundamental in ecologically restoring the site in a short period of time. We believe that with this distribution of relevant and connected topics into chapters, the structure of the book will present a continuum of information on the role played by microbes and their importance in ameliorating and sustaining any ecosystem whether terrestrial or aquatic.We look forward to and will really appreciate feedback by our readers.

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Joginder Singh,Jastin Samuel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0323851649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes compiles the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, metabolites synthesized from the microbial strains such as actinomycetes, bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungal species and their potential applications in the field of healthcare issue and sustainable agriculture. There is an urgent need to explore new and advanced biological methods for health industries and sustainable agriculture and to protect the environment from environmental pollution or contaminates, global warming, and also control the health of human beings from the side effects of various pharmaceuticals products. Focusing all these factors, Volatiles and Metabolites of Microbes explores new aspects of microorganism in terms of volatiles, enzymes, bioactive compounds synthesized from the microbes and their potential applications in the field of sustainable agriculture and health-related issues Provides a broad aspect about volatiles, bioactive compounds, and secondary metabolites of microbes compiled in one cover Gives the latest research and advancement in the field of volatiles, secondary metabolites, and bioactive compounds synthesized from the different microbial strains Responds to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles Offers insight to a very broad audience in Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology, Agronomy, and Pathology

Microbes in Land Use Change Management

Microbes in Land Use Change Management Book
Author : Jay Shankar Singh,Shashank Tiwari,Chhatarpal Singh,Anil Kumar Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-20
ISBN : 0323858945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes in Land Use Change Management details the various roles of microbial resources in management of land uses and how the microbes can be used for the source of income due to their cultivation for the purpose of biomass and bioenergy production. Using various techniques, the disturbed and marginal lands may also be restored eco-friendly in present era to fulfil the feeding needs of mankind around the globe. Microbes in Land Use Change Management provides standard and up to date information towards the land use change management using various microbial technologies to enhance the productivity of agriculture. Needless to say that Microbes in Land Use Change Management also considers the areas including generation of alternative energy sources, restoration of degraded and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases and next generation -omics technique etc. Land use change affects environment conditions and soil microbial community. Microbial population and its species diversity have influence in maintaining ecosystem balance. The study of changes of microbial population provides an idea about the variation occurring in a specific area and possibilities of restoration. Meant for a multidisciplinary audience Microbes in Land Use Change Management shows the need of next-generation omics technologies to explore microbial diversity. Describes the role of microbes in generation of alternative source of energy Gives recent information related to various microbial technology and their diversified applications Provides thorough insight in the problems related to landscape dynamics, restoration of soil, reclamation of lands mitigation of global warming gases etc. eco-friendly way using versatility of microbes Includes microbial tools and technology in reclamation of degraded, disturbed and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Wim H. van der Putten,Donald R. Strong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 0199688168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services. This is a valuable reference book for academic libraries and professional ecologists worldwide as a statement of progress in the broad field of soil ecology. It will also be of interest to both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in soil ecology, as well as academic researchers and professionals in the field requiring an authoritative, balanced, and up-to-date overview of this fast expanding topic.

Restoration Ecology

Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Sigurdur Greipsson
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2011-12-13
ISBN : 9780763742195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ideal for allied health and pre-nursing students, Alcamos Fundamentals of Microbiology, Body Systems Edition, retains the engaging, student-friendly style and active learning approach for which award-winning author and educator Jeffrey Pommerville is known. It presents diseases, complete with new content on recent discoveries, in a manner that is directly applicable to students and organized by body system. A captivating art program, learning design format, and numerous case studies draw students into the text and make them eager to learn more about the fascinating world of microbiology.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Jay Shankar Singh,DP Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-03-29
ISBN : 0444642811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biotechnology in Agro-environmental Sustainability describes, in detail, the various roles of microbial resources in the management of crop diseases and how microbes can be used as a source of income for biomass and bioenergy production. In addition, the book covers microbial inoculants as bio-fertilizers to enhance crop productivity, along with degraded land restoration. Users will find the latest information in the field of microbial biotechnology and its further applications in bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, its generation as an alternative source of energy, restoration degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and more. Describes microbial biotechnology and its applications in sustainable agriculture Provides information on the use of a variety of microbes for crop production Outlines microbe-based separation techniques for the removal of metal contaminants from soil Describes the role of microbial agents in the generation of alternative sources of energy Includes microbial tools and technologies for the restoration of degraded and marginal lands, the mitigation of global warming gases, and the bioremediation of polluted sites

Biopesticides

Biopesticides Book
Author : Timothy O. Adejumo,Ralf T. Vögele
Publisher : Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Release : 2021-04-10
ISBN : 3832552642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopesticides have readily available sources, they are effective and easily biodegradable, exhibit various modes of action, cheaper, inherently less toxic to humans and the environment. They do not leave harmful residues, and are usually more specific to target pests. The use of biopesticides is markedly safer for the environment and users, and more sustainable than the application of chemicals, and are therefore used as potential alternatives to synthetic pesticides, especially as components in Integrated Pest Management strategies. The book Biopesticides: Botanicals and Microorganisms for Improving Agriculture and Human Health is a collection of articles, up to date reviews and research contributions from both developed and developing countries. It emphasises the current issues of importance and the progress made in the fields of agricultural, environmental and soil microbiology, plant pathology and ethnobotany, and aims to bring together all available and relevant information on biopesticides. It comprises 12 Chapters on emerging issues on biopesticides from important and useful botanicals to beneficial microorganisms that show great potential in both agriculture and human health. The book will be of immense help to both the undergraduate and postgraduate students, biologists and agriculturists, who would like to broaden their knowledge and gain substantial experience about biopesticides in agriculture and health, this will enable them to contribute significantly in making the world a safer and healthier place.

Damaged Ecosystems And Restoration

Damaged Ecosystems And Restoration Book
Author : B C Rana
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1998-05-06
ISBN : 9814497282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our environment has been greatly damaged due to pollution and over exploitation of natural resources by human beings. All the natural ecosystems have been damaged to a great extent. Restoration of these damages is becoming a priority and of environmental interest. Science and technology of restoration ecology is rapidly evolving. Restoration requires a holistic approach. Restoration technology is now available to redirect the damaged ecosystems to their near natural integrity. In this context, this book is the first of its kind in reviewing the different approaches undertaken to restore various damaged ecosystems. Scientists currently working in this field have contributed their work in the form of reviews, site-specific case studies, technology for bioremediation and biodegradation. The book will provide first hand information in this currently expanding field and will be helpful to biologists, environmental scientists, engineers, wastewater treatment experts, microbiologists and all those interested in the conservation and management of the environment.

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities Book
Author : Christon J. Hurst
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-27
ISBN : 3030107779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a summary of terrestrial microbial processes, which are a key factor in supporting healthy life on our planet. The authors explain how microorganisms maintain the soil ecosystem through recycling carbon and nitrogen and then provide insights into how soil microbiology processes integrate into ecosystem science, helping to achieve successful bioremediation as well as safe and effective operation of landfills, and enabling the design of composting processes that reduce the amount of waste that is placed in landfills. The book also explores the effect of human land use, including restoration on soil microbial communities and the response of wetland microbial communities to anthropogenic pollutants. Lastly it discusses the role of fungi in causing damaging, and often lethal, infectious diseases in plants and animals.

Restoration of Wetland Ecosystem A Trajectory Towards a Sustainable Environment

Restoration of Wetland Ecosystem  A Trajectory Towards a Sustainable Environment Book
Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay,Ranjan Singh,D. P. Singh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-29
ISBN : 9811376654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​The risks and consequences of environmental change are increasing, leading to massive losses in terms of ecosystems and having a huge impact on human populations. As such, global thinkers, environmentalists, scientists and policy makers are focusing on finding solutions and ways to sustain life on Earth. Anthropogenic impacts on the climate system can only be mitigated by the restoration of existing natural resources and the sustainable development of the environment and society. This book discusses the potential of green technology in waste management, wetland restoration, presenting the latest developments in the field of bioenergy, green ecology, bioremediation and microbial management. Wetlands are one of Earth’s most important ecosystems, and they provide valuable services to human societies, such as minimizing the impacts of floods, acting as a carbon sink, and offering water purification as well as recreational opportunities. Wetlands may be natural or constructed, and the effectiveness of wetland services largely depends on the diversity of macrophytes affecting the algal production, plant biomass and nutrient status of the system. In addition, they are one of the richest microbial ecosystems on earth: the rhizosphere, soil and water interface enhances wetland services with implications ranging from phytoremediation to microbial bioprospection. However, in order to function properly, they need to be effectively redesigned, reengineered, protected and maintained. The book addresses the dynamic relation between three global concerns: environmental pollution, resource exploitation and sustainability. It describes the utilization of resources like wastes (municipal, industrial, agricultural, mine drainage, tannery, solid, and e waste), plants, algae and microbes for production of renewable biofuel, biofertilizers and other value added products to achieve the goal of sustainable development. The book also discusses the current and future trends in employing wetlands in improving water quality. In addition it presents the latest international research in the fields of wetland science, waste management, carbon sequestration and bioremediation. Highlighting a broad spectrum of topics and strategies for achieving a sustainable environment, the book offers researchers, students and academics insights into utilizing resources in a sustainable way.

Restoration Ecology

Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Jelte van Andel,James Aronson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-12
ISBN : 1118223152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Enlarged, enhanced and internationalized edition of the firstrestoration ecology textbook to be published, with foreword by Dr.Steven Whisnant of Texas A&M University and Chair of theSociety of Ecological Restoration. Since 2006, when the first edition of this book appeared, majoradvances have taken place in restoration science and in thepractice of ecological restoration. Both are now accepted as keycomponents of the increasingly urgent search for sustainability atglobal, national, and community levels – hence the phrase'New Frontier' in the title. While the first edition focused onecosystems and landscapes in Europe, this new edition covers biomesand contexts all over the world. Several new chapters deal withbroad issues such as biological invasions, climate change, andagricultural land abandonment as they relate to restoration scienceand ecological restoration. Case studies are included fromAustralia, North America, and the tropics. This is an accessible textbook for senior undergraduate andgraduate level students, and early career scientists. The book alsoprovides a solid scientific background for managers, volunteers,and mid-career professionals involved in the practice of ecologicalrestoration. Review of the first edition: "I suspect that this volume will find its way onto the shelvesof many restoration researchers and practitioners and will be usedas a key text in graduate courses, where it will help fill a largevoid. My own copy is already heavily bookmarked, and will be aconstant source of research ideas and lecture material."(Environmental Conservation) Companion Website: A companion website with downloadable figures is available at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vanandel/restorationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vanandel/restorationecology/a

Microbiology of wetlands

Microbiology of wetlands Book
Author : Paul Bodelier
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-12-07
ISBN : 2889191443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbiology of wetlands book written by Paul Bodelier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metagenomics and Microbial Ecology

Metagenomics and Microbial Ecology Book
Author : Surajit De Mandal,Amrita Kumari Panda,N. Senthil Kumar,Satpal Singh Bisht,Fengliang Jin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 1000482235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms comprise the greatest genetic diversity in the natural ecosystem, and characterization of these microbes is an essential step towards discovering novel products or understanding complex biological mechanisms. The advancement of metagenomics coupled with the introduction of high-throughput, cost-effective NGS technology has expanded the possibilities of microbial research in various biological systems. In addition to traditional culture and biochemical characteristics, omics approaches (metagenomics, metaproteomics, and metatranscriptomics) are useful for analyzing complete microbial communities and their functional attributes in various environments. Metagenomics and Microbial Ecology: Techniques and Applications explores the most recent advances in metagenomics research in the landscape of next-generation sequencing technologies. This book also describes how advances in sequencing technologies are used to study invisible microbes as well as the relationships between microorganisms in their respective environments. Features: Covers a wide range of concepts, investigations, and technological advancement in metagenomics at the global level. Highlights the novel and recent approaches to analyze microbial diversity and its functional attributes. Features a range of chapters that present an introduction to the field and functional insight into various ecosystems.

Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands

Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands Book
Author : Dr. Darold P. Batzer,Rebecca R. Sharitz
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2014-12-06
ISBN : 0520959116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of this important and authoritative survey provides students and researchers with up-to-date and accessible information about the ecology of freshwater and estuarine wetlands. Prominent scholars help students understand both general concepts of different wetland types as well as complex topics related to these dynamic physical environments. Careful syntheses review wetland soils, hydrology, and geomorphology; abiotic constraints for wetland plants and animals; microbial ecology and biogeochemistry; development of wetland plant communities; wetland animal ecology; and carbon dynamics and ecosystem processes. In addition, contributors document wetland regulation, policy, and assessment in the US and provide a clear roadmap for adaptive management and restoration of wetlands. New material also includes an expanded review of the consequences for wetlands in a changing global environment. Ideally suited for wetlands ecology courses, Ecology of Freshwater and Estuarine Wetlands, Second Edition, includes updated content, enhanced images (many in color), and innovative pedagogical elements that guide students and interested readers through the current state of our wetlands.

The Role of Microbial Communities in Tropical Ecosystems

The Role of Microbial Communities in Tropical Ecosystems Book
Author : Silvia Pajares,Brendan J.M. Bohannan,Valeria Souza
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 2889450678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical ecosystems are different in important ways from those of temperate regions. They are a major reservoir of plant and animal biodiversity and play important roles in global climate regulation and biogeochemical cycling. They are also under great threat due to the conversion of tropical ecosystems to other uses. Thus, in the context of global change, it is crucial to understand how environmental factors, biogeographic patterns, and land use changes interact to influence the structure and function of microbial communities in these ecosystems. The contributions to this Research Topic showcase the current knowledge regarding microbial ecology in tropical ecosystems, identify many challenges and questions that remain to be addressed and open up new horizons in our understanding of the environmental and anthropological factors controlling microbial communities in these important ecosystems.

Restoration Ecology and Sustainable Development

Restoration Ecology and Sustainable Development Book
Author : Krystyna M. Urbanska,Nigel R. Webb,Peter J. Edwards
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780521599894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the scientific basis for the reconstruction of damaged ecosystems.

Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning and Human Wellbeing

Biodiversity  Ecosystem Functioning  and Human Wellbeing Book
Author : Shahid Naeem,Daniel E. Bunker,Andy Hector,Michel Loreau,Charles Perrings
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2009-07-30
ISBN : 0191563323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human well-being? In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. It then describes the natural science foundations of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research including: quantifying functional diversity, the development of the field into a predictive science, the effects of stability and complexity, methods to quantify mechanisms by which diversity affects functioning, the importance of trophic structure, microbial ecology, and spatial dynamics. Finally, the book takes research on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning further than it has ever gone into the human dimension, describing the most pressing environmental challenges that face humanity and the effects of diversity on: climate change mitigation, restoration of degraded habitats, managed ecosystems, pollination, disease, and biological invasions. However, what makes this volume truly unique are the chapters that consider the economic perspective. These include a synthesis of the economics of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the options open to policy-makers to address the failure of markets to account for the loss of ecosystem services; an examination of the challenges of valuing ecosystem services and, hence, to understanding the human consequences of decisions that neglect these services; and an examination of the ways in which economists are currently incorporating biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research into decision models for the conservation and management of biodiversity. A final section describes new advances in ecoinformatics that will help transform this field into a globally predictive science, and summarizes the advancements and future directions of the field. The ultimate conclusion is that biodiversity is an essential element of any strategy for sustainable development.

Wetlands Ecosystem Services Restoration and Wise Use

Wetlands  Ecosystem Services  Restoration and Wise Use Book
Author : Shuqing An,Jos T. A. Verhoeven
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-04
ISBN : 3030148610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores major wetland ecosystem services, such as climate cooling and water quality improvement, and discusses the recent wetland conservation and restoration activities in China and neighboring countries. The role of wetlands in either cooling or warming the climate is analyzed as the net balance between carbon sequestration and emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. Wetlands start off having a net warming effect on the climate but in time switch to net cooling. Further, they remove 40% of the N and P from run-off and groundwater flow in agricultural areas, but wetlands need to amount to 10% of the total catchment area to make a difference. Reflecting on the recent large investment in wetland ecological studies in China and neighboring countries, the book addresses invasive species in coastal wetlands as well as the protection and wise use of tidal flats around the Yellow Sea. It also presents promising regional case studies on wetland restoration. The book is intended for academics, students and practitioners in the field of wetland ecology, management and restoration, as well as consultants and professionals working in conservation, wise use and environmental policy.

Invasive Plant Ecology and Management

Invasive Plant Ecology and Management Book
Author : Thomas A. Monaco,Roger L. Sheley
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845938119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together ecology and management of invasive plants within natural and agricultural ecosystems, this book bridges the knowledge gap between the processes operating within ecosystems and the practices used to prevent, contain, control and eradicate invasive plant species. The book targets key processes that can be managed, the impact of invasive plants on these ecosystem processes and illustrates how adopting ecologically based principles can influence the ecosystem and lead to effective land management.