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Microbial Seed Coatings

Microbial Seed Coatings Book
Author : Ying Ma,Helena Freitas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-15
ISBN : 9780128237212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Seed Coatings examines the latest research and case studies in microbial seed coatings, including inoculant carriers and binders, methods to improve the shelf life of microbial coated seeds, and procedures for applying PGPM to seed coating. To meet the needs of the development of sustainable plant breeding and agriculture, seed coating has been widely used as an effective means to alleviate biotic and abiotic stresses, thus enhancing crop growth, yield and health. As plant growth-promoting microorganisms (PGPM) are recognized as essential contributors to improving agricultural productivity, this title is an essential read for both researchers and students. However, during conventional inoculation processes, several factors such as insufficient microbial survival, hindrance in the application of biocontrol inocula to the seeds and exposure to unsuitable temperature and light in subsequent seed storage, force us to explore efficient and reliable microbial application tools. Presents a series of case studies evaluating various microbial seed coatings Evaluates the impact of environmental stresses on microbial seed coating applications Reviews microbial seed coating styles, coating agents and their functions

Advanced Microbial Biotechnologies For Sustainable Agriculture

Advanced Microbial Biotechnologies For Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ying Ma,Miroslav Vosatka,Christopher Rensing,Helena Freitas
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-05-25
ISBN : 2889668088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Microbial Biotechnologies For Sustainable Agriculture book written by Ying Ma,Miroslav Vosatka,Christopher Rensing,Helena Freitas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides

Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides Book
Author : H.D. Burges
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-10-31
ISBN : 9780412625206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sound formulation is a vital aspect of microbial products used to protect plants from pests and diseases and to improve plant performance. Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides is an in-depth treatment of this vitally important subject. Written by experts and carefully edited, this important title brings together a huge wealth of information for the first time within the covers of one book. The book is broadly divided into five sections, covering principles of formulation, organisms with peroral and contact modes of action, organisms with the power of search, and future trends. Each section contains comprehensive chapters written by internationally acknowledged experts in the areas covered; the book also includes three very useful appendices, cataloguing formulation additives, spray application criteria and terminology. This outstanding book is a vitally important reference work for anyone involved in the formulation of microbial biopesticides and should find a place on the shelves of agriculture and plant scientists, microbiologists and entomologists working in academic and commercial agrochemical situations, and in the libraries of all research establishments and companies where this exciting subject is researched, studied or taught.

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology Book
Author : Zubaida Yousaf
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-09-06
ISBN : 953513339X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.

Microbial Diversity and Biotechnology in Food Security

Microbial Diversity and Biotechnology in Food Security Book
Author : R.N. Kharwar,R.S. Upadhyay,N.K. Dubey,Richa Raghuwanshi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 8132218019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roles of microbes in agriculture, industry and environment have been the point of interest since long time for their potential exploitation. Although only a fraction of microbial diversity was accessed by microbiologists earlier for harnessing them owing to limited techniques available. The molecular techniques have opened new vistas to access the wide field of the unexplored microbes and their exploitation for useful genes and novel metabolites. Sincere efforts have been made in biotechnology using microbes leading to improve our life with respect to agriculture and people health. This comprehensive volume covers different aspects of microbial biotechnology and its management in sustainable agriculture for food security and improved human health. The book comprises four sections: Endophytes and Mycorrhizae, Microbial Diversity and Plant Protection, Microbial Functions and Biotechnology, and Microbes and the Environment, which contain 53 chapters. The book examines the aspects on endophytes and mycorrhizae, bioactive compounds, growth promoting microorganisms, disease management with emphasis on biocontrol, genetics of disease resistance, microbial enzymes, advances in potential of microbes and their industrial as well as pharmaceutical applications. In addition, the use of botanicals, and the etiology and management of medicinal and aromatic plants in the post harvest management have been reviewed in greater depth for the benefit of teaching and research community. The biotechnological developments using microbe potential have enabled us combat the environment and human health problems worldwide in ecofriendly manner. We are sure that this volume will be highly useful to all those concerned with fungi, bacteria, viruses and their biology, including environmental and public health officers and professionals in the field of interest. The volume is an exhaustive coverage of almost all the aspects of microbial biology and biotechnology.

Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides

Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides Book
Author : H.D. Burges
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401149267
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sound formulation is a vital aspect of microbial products used to protect plants from pests and diseases and to improve plant performance. Formulation of Microbial Biopesticides is an in-depth treatment of this vitally important subject. Written by experts and carefully edited, this important title brings together a huge wealth of information for the first time within the covers of one book. The book is broadly divided into five sections, covering principles of formulation, organisms with peroral and contact modes of action, organisms with the power of search, and future trends. Each section contains comprehensive chapters written by internationally acknowledged experts in the areas covered; the book also includes three very useful appendices, cataloguing formulation additives, spray application criteria and terminology. This outstanding book is a vitally important reference work for anyone involved in the formulation of microbial biopesticides and should find a place on the shelves of agriculture and plant scientists, microbiologists and entomologists working in academic and commercial agrochemical situations, and in the libraries of all research establishments and companies where this exciting subject is researched, studied or taught.

Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis

Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis Book
Author : Michael Black,J. Derek Bewley
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780849397493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by a renowned seed biologist with a team assembled from the most respected laboratories worldwide, Seed Technology and Its Biological Basis illustrates the commercial value of seeds as a major resource. The editors provide a sweeping overview of the current state-of-the-art in seed technology and its biological basis. The book is invaluable to researchers and professionals in both the industrial and academic sectors.

Seed Inoculation Coating and Precision Pelleting

Seed Inoculation  Coating and Precision Pelleting Book
Author : Gerald M. Bennett,John Lloyd
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 9780367737719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seed inoculation is the practice of effectively introducing a high number of nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Rhizobium or Bradyrhizobium) on the surface of legume seeds prior to planting. The bacteria penetrates the root, resulting in the formation of root nodules that fix nitrogen from the air, and make it readily available to the plant. This book describes the need, the development and the use of rhizobia, and how this process may be reproduced successfully around the world, especially in underdeveloped agricultural countries.

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity

Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity Book
Author : Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Ratna Prabha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-23
ISBN : 8132226445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The performance of crops in the soil largely depends on the physico-chemical components of the soil, which regulate the availability of nutrients as well as abiotic and biotic stresses. Microbes are the integral component of any agricultural soil, playing a vital role in regulating the bioavailability of nutrients, the tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses and management of seed-borneand soil-borne plant diseases. The second volume of the book Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity - Functional Applications reflects the pioneering efforts of eminent researchers to explore the functions of promising microbes as microbial inoculants, establish inoculants for field applications and promote corresponding knowledge among farming communities. In this volume, readers will find dedicated chapters on the role of microbes as biofertilizers and biopesticides in the improvement of crop plants, managing soil fertility and plant health, enhancing the efficiency of soil nutrients and establishing systemic phytopathogen resistance in plants, as well as managing various kinds of plant stress by applying microbial inoculants. The impact of microbial inoculants on the remediation of heavy metals, soil carbon sequestration, function of rhizosphere microbial communities and remediation of heavy metal contaminated agricultural soils is also covered in great detail. In this Volume, a major focus is on the approaches, strategies, advances and technologies used to develop suitable and sustainable delivery systems for microbial inoculants in field applications. Subsequent chapters investigate the role of nanomaterials in agriculture and the nanoparticle-mediated biocontrol of nematodes. An overview of the challenges facing the regulation and registration of biopesticides in India rounds out the coverage.

Biochar as a Potential Inoculant Carrier for Plant beneficial Bacteria

Biochar as a Potential Inoculant Carrier for Plant beneficial Bacteria Book
Author : Martyna Glodowska
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2015-02-10
ISBN : 9783659320477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

" In recent years, biochar has gained importance as a way to deal with global climate change, by sequestering C into soil, also as a soil amendment and bioremediation tool. Many studies have demonstrated the positive influence of biochar on soil quality and subsequently, plant growth, although the results are not consistent and climate seems to be the main reason for this inconsistency. Biochar, with its highly porous structure, is believed to provide a suitable habitat for many microorganisms by protecting them from predation and desiccation; additionally it might also provide reduced carbon as an energy source and mineral nutrients. However, not much attention has been focused on biochar and microbial interactions. In this study, we propose the use of biochar as an inoculant carrier for plant-beneficial bacteria. Presently the most commonly used carrier for bacterial inoculants is peat moss. However, peat is a natural and non-renewable resource; its overuse is of great environmental concern. Moreover, rapidly decreasing reserves of peat have led to price increases, which ultimately limit its use. A good bacterial carrier must possess a number of key features. It should be unlimited, locally available and inexpensive; furthermore, it should have good water holding capacity and aeration properties and furthermore, it should sustain growth and survival of bacteria over time. Additionally, the right inoculant carrier should be non-toxic, environmentally friendly, and easily produced, sterilized and handled in the field. Finally, it should easily release bacteria into the soil, be simply converted to powder, mixable, packageable and adhere to the seed. I hypothesised that biochar can fulfill the conditions of a suitable carrier; its chemical and physical properties can create appropriate conditions for bacteria habitat and provide some nutrients that sustain survival and growth of bacteria over time. Moreover, it was expected that biochar can be successfully used as seed-coating material. Therefore the objectives of this research were to: 1) determine whether biochar can serve as a carrier for beneficial bacteria, 2) identify biochar(s) which sustains bacteria viability at the highest population density, 3) create a seed-coating system which could potentially be used in agriculture, 4) evaluate the effect of biochar inoculant and seed-coating on plant growth. Two bacteria, P- solubilizing Pseudomonas libanensis and N2-fixing Bradyrhizobium japonicum, were selected as model bacteria. P. libanensis biochar inoculant and seed-coating were tested on corn plants, while B. japonicum was tested on soybean. The results of the storage time experiment demonstrated that not every biochar can be a suitable carrier; however, two out of the four were able to sustain B. japonicum survival for as long as 8 months at a population density high enough to secure efficient soybean nodulation. Moreover, I demonstrated that biochar is a suitable material for seed-coating. The storage time experiment showed that biochar seed-coating can support the survival of P.libanensis and B. japonicum for up to four months at a relatively high population density; however, the abundance of the population strongly depends on storage temperature. I also demonstrated that the main reason behind a quick decline in the bacteria population is related to the pH of the carrier. Finally, a germination assay and greenhouse experiment were carried out to evaluate biochar inoculant and seed-coating effect on plant growth. This research clearly demonstrated that biochar can be a suitable bacterial carrier and can successfully replace commercially used peat moss. Biochar rhizobial inoculant can significantly improve soybean growth and reduce N fertilizer demand. Finally, biochar seed-coating might be considered an efficient end easy way to provide beneficial bacteria to the crop." --

Microbial Technology

Microbial Technology Book
Author : D. Perlman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323161561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Technology: Microbial Processes, Volume 1, describes the production and uses of economic bacteria, yeast, molds, and viruses, and reviews the technologies associated with products of microbial metabolism. It is part of a two-volume set that emerged from a worldwide survey of industrial microbiology and its contributions to agriculture, industry, medicine, and environmental control. The book contains 17 chapters that cover the development of bioinsecticides and the large-scale bioprocessing of concentrated lactic acid bacteria with emphasis on the commercial use of the resulting culture. It includes discussions of the production of single-cell protein for use in food or feed; production of yeasts and yeast products; production of butanol-acetone by fermentation; microbial production of amino acids; microbial production of antibiotics; production of microbial enzymes; microbial production of nucleosides; and production of organic acids by fermentation nucleotides. The remaining chapters cover plant cell suspension cultures and their biosynthetic potential; polysaccharides; microbial transformation of steroids and sterols; the production of vitamin B12; microbial process for riboflavin production; and the production of carotenoids.

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology

Plant Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology Book
Author : Swati Tyagi,Robin Kumar,Baljeet Saharan,Ashok Kumar Nadda
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 1000453731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considering the ever-increasing global population and finite arable land, technology and sustainable agricultural practices are required to improve crop yield. This book examines the interaction between plants and microbes and considers the use of advanced techniques such as genetic engineering, revolutionary gene editing technologies, and their applications to understand how plants and microbes help or harm each other at the molecular level. Understanding plant-microbe interactions and related gene editing technologies will provide new possibilities for sustainable agriculture. The book will be extremely useful for researchers working in the fields of plant science, molecular plant biology, plant-microbe interactions, plant engineering technology, agricultural microbiology, and related fields. It will be useful for upper-level students and instructors specifically in the field of biotechnology, microbiology, biochemistry, and agricultural science. Features: Examines the most advanced approaches for genetic engineering of agriculture (CRISPR, TALAN, ZFN, etc.). Discusses the microbiological control of various plant diseases. Explores future perspectives for research in microbiological plant science. Plant-Microbial Interactions and Smart Agricultural Biotechnology will serve as a useful source of cutting-edge information for researchers and innovative professionals, as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking related agriculture and environmental science courses.

Microbial Ecology of Soil and Plant Growth

Microbial Ecology of Soil and Plant Growth Book
Author : Pierre Davet
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-01-11
ISBN : 1482280124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is divided into three parts that are logically connected. The first part defines the principal characteristics of the subterranean world and describes the microorganisms that live there as well as the environmental constraints they are subjected to. The second part shows how the action of the microorganisms can modify the physico-chemical surroundings, the microbiological equilibria and the growth of plants. The third part dwells on a few methods of intervention that would help in limiting the proliferation of harmful microorganisms and how to make the best use of the activity of auxiliary microorganisms.

Microbial Plant Pathogens

Microbial Plant Pathogens Book
Author : Perumal Narayanasamy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-12
ISBN : 1119195799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Healthy seeds and propagules are the basic requirement for producing good grains, fruits and vegetables needed for human survival and perpetuation. Dispersal of microbial plant pathogens via seeds and propagules has assumed more importance than other modes of dispersal, as infected seeds and propagules have the potential to become the primary sources of carrying pathogen inoculum for subsequent crops. Several diseases transmitted through seeds and propagules have been shown to have the potential to damage economies as a result of huge quantitative and qualitative losses in numerous crops. Hence, it is essential to rapidly detect, identify and differentiate the microbial plant pathogens present in seeds and propagules precisely and reliably, using sensitive techniques. Microbial Plant Pathogens: Detection and Management in Seeds and Propagules provides a comprehensive resource on seed-borne and propagule-borne pathogens. Information on the biology of microbial pathogens, including genetic diversity, infection process and survival mechanisms of pathogens and epidemiology of diseases caused by them, are discussed critically and in detail to highlight weak links in the life cycles of the pathogens. Development of effective disease management systems, based on the principles of exclusion and eradication of pathogens and immunization of crop plants to enhance the levels of resistance of cultivars to diseases, has been effective to keep the pathogens at bay. The need for production of disease-free seeds/propagules has been emphasized to prevent the carryover of the inoculum to the next crop or introduction of the pathogens to other locations. Effectiveness of adopting simple cultural practices and development of cultivars resistant to diseases through traditional breeding methods or biotechnological approach have resulted in reducing the pathogen inoculum and disease incidence. Although application of different chemicals may reduce the disease incidence effectively, biological management of crop diseases, employing potential biological control agents have to be preferred to preserve the agroecosystems. Greater efforts have to be made to integrate compatible strategies to enhance the effectiveness of diseases management systems. Protocols appended at the end of relevant chapters form a unique feature of this book to enable the researchers to fine-tune their projects. This 2 volume set provides comprehensive and updated information about the economically-important groups of microbial plant pathogens carried by seed and propagules. Graduate students, researchers and teachers of plant pathology, plant protection, microbiology, plant breeding and genetics, agriculture and horticulture, as well as certification and quarantine personnel will find the information presented in this book useful.

Prospects and Applications for Plant Associated Microbes A laboratory manual

Prospects and Applications for Plant Associated Microbes  A laboratory manual Book
Author : Seppo Sorvari,Anna Maria Pirttilä
Publisher : Seppo Sorvari
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 9529930259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on the microbial colonization of the aerial and subterranean tissues of plants has shown an extensive scale of interactions between the hosts and a range of microbes, including bacteria and fungi. Intercellular spaces, vascular systems and even single cells can be inhabited by these endophytic microbes. Of the bacterial endophytes, only a small percentage is harmful to the plant; most are neutral, opportunistic or beneficial. These plant-based bacteria can have various important functions throughout the life cycle of the plant; some promote plant growth and development, others protect the plant from diseases. This ability to be able to protect plants from diseases has catalyzed numerous laboratories to search for new bacteria that could be utilized instead of the traditional plant-protective agents. Because two or more interacting organisms are involved, research and the eventual application of suitable bio-controlling microbes are challenging and often require specific skills and equipment. The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive review for those who are interested in the research and biotechnological applications of plant-associated bacteria. It also provides a compilation of current work conducted on plant-bacteria interactions.

Microbial Interventions in Agriculture and Environment

Microbial Interventions in Agriculture and Environment Book
Author : Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Ratna Prabha
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-07
ISBN : 9813290846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial communities and their multi-functionalities play a crucial role in the management of soil and plant health, and thus help in managing agro-ecology, the environment and agriculture. Microorganisms are key players in N-fixation, nutrient acquisition, carbon sequestration, plant growth promotion, pathogen suppression, induced systemic resistance and tolerance against stresses, and these parameters are used as indicators of improved crop productivity and sustainable soil health. Beneficial belowground microbial interactions in the rhizosphere help plants combat abiotic challenges in the unfavourable environmental conditions of native soils. These microorganisms and their products offer potential solutions for agriculture in problematic areas since they are able to degrade xenobiotic compounds, pesticides and toxic chemicals and help remediate heavy metals in the rhizosphere and so make deteriorated soils suitable for crop production. This book compiles the latest research on the role of microbes in the rhizosphere and agro-ecology, covering interaction mechanisms, microbe-mediated crop production, plant and soil health management, food and nutrition, nutrient recycling, land reclamation, clean water systems, agro-waste management, biodegradation, bioremediation, biomass and bioenergy, sanitation and rural livelihood security. It is a comprehensive reference resource for agricultural activists, policymakers, environmentalists and advisors working for governments, non-governmental organizations and industries, helping them update their knowledge of this important, but often neglected, research area.

Advances in Seed Production and Management

Advances in Seed Production and Management Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Tiwari
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-30
ISBN : 9811541981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-quality seed is essential for healthy crops and greater agricultural productivity. At the same time, advances in breeding technology require equivalent advances in seed technology. In order to ensure food security, it is crucial to develop seeds that are high yielding, and resistant to drought, heat, cold, and insects. Gathering the latest research in seed sciences, the book includes contributions on seed production in crops such as legumes, sugar, rice, wheat and other cereals. It discusses a range of topics, like the effect of climate change on seed quality, production and storage; seed rouging; seed certification for different crop species; seed biology; and seed pathologies and their effective management. Integrating basic and applied research, this compendium provides valuable insights for researchers and students in agricultural and life sciences; professionals involved in seed certification and those working in quarantine laboratories; as well as plant pathologists.

Microbial Diversity

Microbial Diversity Book
Author : T. Satyanarayana,B. N. Johri
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 8188237434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diversity perspectives are discussed in the context of ecosystem dynamics, taking into consideration environments that are rather unique to microorganisms. Considerable thrust is placed on the role that microorganisms play in sustainable production systems. Microbe-plant interaction arena is highlighted through the discussion of mycorrhizal partners, on which depends not only the plant community structure but also abatement of abiotic and biotic stresses. Other mutualist, rhizobia gets its due coverage whereas plant disease component carries examples from both, fungal and viral disease point of view. Considerable emphasis is placed on a discussion of the environmental issues such as the approaches that will lead to newer bioremediation technologies. No discussion of microbial diversity is complete without their implications in animal and human health. Discussed in this context are L-arginases in cancer therapy as also bioactives from cyanobacteria. Genomics and pathogenicity of two groups of viruses, viz., blue tongue and flaviviruses is highlighted whereas keratinophilic fungal forms are discussed in the context of dermatophytic infections. This volume also carries a fair number of articles on commercial microbiology.

Principles of Seed Science and Technology

Principles of Seed Science and Technology Book
Author : Larry O. Copeland,Lawrence O. Copeland,Miller McDonald,Miller F. McDonald
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1995-10-31
ISBN : 9780412063015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reproductive processes in plants; Seed formation and development; The chemistry of seeds; Seed germination; Seed viability testing; Seed dormancy; Seed vigor and vigor tests; Seed longevity and deterioration; Seed production; Seed conditioning and handling; Seed enhancements; Seed certification; Seed testing; Seed pathology and pathological testing; Seed marketing; Seed legislation and law enforcement.

Environmental and Microbial Relationships

Environmental and Microbial Relationships Book
Author : Christian P. Kubicek,Irina S. Druzhinina
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-20
ISBN : 3540718400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides insight into current research on fungal populations and communities. It focuses on fungal responses to the physical environment, interactions with other fungi, microorganisms and invertebrates, the role of fungi in ecosystem processes such as decomposition and nutrient cycling, and aspects of biogeography and conservation. The second edition has been completely updated and revised to accommodate the introduction of molecular methods, and the flood of new findings since then.