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Microbial Diversity In Hotspots

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Microbial Diversity and Ecology in Hotspots

Microbial Diversity and Ecology in Hotspots Book
Author : Aparna Gunjal,Sonali Shinde
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 0323901492
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Diversity in Hotspots provides an introduction to microbial diversity and microbes in different hotspots and threatened areas. The book gives insights on extremophiles, phyllosphere and rhizosphere, covers fungal diversity, conservation and microbial association, focuses on biodiversity acts and policies, and includes cases studies. Microbes explored are from the coldest to the hottest areas of the world. Although hotspots are zones with extremely high microbiology activities, the knowledge of microbial diversity from these areas is very limited, hence this is a welcome addition to existing resources. Provides an introduction to microbial biotechnology Addresses novel approaches to the study of microbial diversity in hotspots Provides the basics, along with advanced information on microbial diversity Discusses the techniques used to examine microbial diversity with their applications and respective pros and cons for sustainability Explores the importance of microbial genomes studies in commercial applications

Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications Book
Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana,Bhavdish Narain Johri,Subrata Kumar Das
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 9811383154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses microbial diversity in various habitats and environments, its role in ecosystem maintenance, and its potential applications (e.g. biofertilizers, biocatalysts, antibiotics, other bioactive compounds, exopolysaccharides etc.). The respective chapters, all contributed by renowned experts, offer cutting-edge information in the fields of microbial ecology and biogeography. The book explains the reasons behind the occurrence of various biogeographies and highlights recent tools (e.g. metagenomics) that can aid in biogeography studies by providing information on nucleic acid sequence data, thereby directly identifying microorganisms in various habitats and environments. In turn, the book describes how human intervention results in depletion of biodiversity, and how numerous hotspots are now losing their endemic biodiversity, resulting in the loss of many ecologically important microorganisms. In closing, the book underscores the importance of microbial diversity for sustainable ecosystems.

Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications

Microbial Diversity in Ecosystem Sustainability and Biotechnological Applications Book
Author : Tulasi Satyanarayana,Subrata Kumar Das,Bhavdish Narain Johri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-09-06
ISBN : 9811384878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume comprehensively reviews recent advances in our understanding of the diversity of microbes in various types of terrestrial ecosystems, such as caves, deserts and cultivated fields. It is written by leading experts, and highlights the culturable microbes identified using conventional approaches, as well as non-culturable ones unveiled with metagenomic and microbiomic approaches. It discusses the role of microbes in ecosystem sustainability and their potential biotechnological applications. The book further discusses the diversity and utility of ectomycorrhizal and entomopathogenic fungi and yeasts that dwell on grapes, it examines the biotechnological applications of specific microbes such as lichens, xylan- and cellulose-saccharifying bacteria and archaea, chitinolytic bacteria, methanogenic archaea and pathogenic yeasts.

Bacterial Diversity and Community Structure of Lithotrophically driven Microbial Mats from the Mariana Arc and Back arc

Bacterial Diversity and Community Structure of Lithotrophically driven Microbial Mats from the Mariana Arc and Back arc Book
Author : Kevin W. Hager
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bacterial Diversity and Community Structure of Lithotrophically driven Microbial Mats from the Mariana Arc and Back arc book written by Kevin W. Hager, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Agricultural Sustainability

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Agricultural Sustainability Book
Author : Ashok Kumar,Vijay Singh Meena
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-28
ISBN : 9811375534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To meet the food security needs of the 21st century, this book focuses on ecofriendly and sustainable production technologies based on plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). It is estimated that the global population could increase to 9 billion by 2050. Further, the amount of land devoted to farming has decreased. Soil is a living entity, and is not only a valuable natural resource for agricultural and food security, but also for the preservation of all life processes. Agricultural productivity rests on the foundation of microbial diversity in the soil, and in recent years, PGPR have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. The injudicious use of agrochemicals by farmers has created a range of negative impacts, not only threatening the environment, but also destroying useful microorganisms in the soil. The efficient use of PGPR reduces the need for these chemicals while simultaneously lowering production costs. In turn, increased yields could provide a more favourable environment and encourage sustainability. This book assesses the impacts of PGPR on crops, environmental and socio-economic sustainability, and demonstrates these ecofriendly technologies’ three critical advantages, namely (a) enhanced crop productivity, (b) reduced application of agrochemicals, and (c) increased incomes for farmers. Besides offering an economically attractive and ecologically sound means of augmenting the nutrient supply and combatting soil-borne pathogens, PGPR play an important part in boosting soil fertility, bioremediation and stress management for the development of ecofriendly and sustainable agriculture.

Microbial Diversity Interventions and Scope

Microbial Diversity  Interventions and Scope Book
Author : Shiwani Guleria Sharma,Neeta Raj Sharma,Mohit Sharma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-25
ISBN : 9811540993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the application of microbes in all fields of biology. There is an urgent need to understand and explore new microbes, their biological activities, genetic makeup and further opportunities for utilizing them. The book is divided into sections, highlighting the application of microbes in agriculture, nanotechnology, genetic engineering, bioremediation, industry, medicine and forensic sciences, and describing potential future advances in these fields. It also explores the potential role of microbes in space and how they might support life on a different planet.

Hydrothermal microbial ecosystems

Hydrothermal microbial ecosystems Book
Author : Andreas Teske, Anna-Louise Reysenbach
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-11-24
ISBN : 2889196828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers in the "Hydrothermal Vent" e-book cover a range of microbiological research in deep and shallow hydrothermal environments, from high temperature “black smokers,” to diffuse flow habitats and episodically discharging subsurface fluids, to the hydrothermal plumes. Together they provide a snapshot of current research interests in a field that has evolved rapidly since the discovery of hydrothermal vents in 1977. Hydrothermally influenced microbial habitats and communities represent a wide spectrum of geological setting, chemical in-situ regimes, and biotic communities; the classical examples of basalt-hosted black smoker chimneys at active mid-ocean spreading centers have been augmented by hydrothermally heated and chemically altered sediments, microbiota fueled by serpentinization reactions, and low-temperature vents with unusual menus of electron donors. Environmental gradients and niches provide habitats for unusual or unprecedented microorganisms and microbial ecosystems. The discovery of novel extremophiles underscores untapped microbial diversity in hydrothermal vent microbial communities. Different stages of hydrothermal activity, from early onset to peak activity, gradual decline, and persistence of cold and fossil vent sites, correspond to different colonization waves by microorganisms as well as megafauna. Perhaps no other field in microbiology is so intertwined with the geological and geochemical evolution of the oceans, and promises so many biochemical and physiological discoveries still to be made within the unexhausted richness of extreme microbial life.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-31
ISBN : 9811532087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Soil Carbon

Soil Carbon Book
Author : Steven A Banwart,Elke Noellemeyer,Eleanor Milne
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2014-12-03
ISBN : 1780645325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the essential evidence and policy opportunities regarding the global importance of soil carbon for sustaining Earth's life support system for humanity. Covering the science and policy background for this important natural resource, it describes land management options that improve soil carbon status and therefore increase the benefits that humans derive from the environment. Written by renowned global experts, it is the principal output from a SCOPE rapid assessment process project.

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture

Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Joginder Singh,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-05-09
ISBN : 9783030384524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book encompasses the current knowledge of plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological application for plant growth, crop yield and soil health for sustainable agriculture. The plant microbiomes (rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic) play an important role in plant growth, development, and soil health. Plant and rhizospheric soil are a valuable natural resource harbouring hotspots of microbes, and it plays critical roles in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The diverse group of microbes is key components of soil–plant systems, where they are engaged in an intense network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric. The rhizospheric microbial diversity present in rhizospheric zones has a sufficient amount of nutrients release by plant root systems in form of root exudates for growth, development and activities of microbes. The endophytic microbes are referred to those microorganisms, which colonize in the interior of the plant parts, viz root, stem or seeds without causing any harmful effect on host plant. Endophytic microbes enter in host plants mainly through wounds, naturally occurring as a result of plant growth, or through root hairs and at epidermal conjunctions. Endophytes may be transmitted either vertically (directly from parent to offspring) or horizontally (among individuals). The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plant. The leaf surface has been termed as phyllosphere and zone of leaves inhabited by microorganisms as phyllosphere. The plant part, especially leaves, is exposed to dust and air currents resulting in the establishments of typical flora on their surface aided by the cuticles, waxes and appendages, which help in the anchorage of microorganisms. The phyllospheric microbes may survive or proliferate on leaves depending on extent of influences of material in leaf diffuseness or exudates. The leaf diffuseness contains the principal nutrients factors (amino acids, glucose, fructose and sucrose), and such specialized habitats may provide niche for nitrogen fixation and secretions of substances capable of promoting the growth of plants. The microbes associated with plant as rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic with plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. PGP microbes promote plant growth directly or indirectly, either by releasing plant growth regulators; solubilization of phosphorus, potassium and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation or by producing siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. The PGP microbes belong to different phylum of archaea (Euryarchaeota); bacteria (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria) and fungi (Ascomycota and Basidiomycota), which include different genera namely Achromobacter, Arthrobacter, Aspergillus, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Beijerinckia, Burkholderia, Enterobacter, Erwinia, Flavobacterium, Gluconoacetobacter, Haloarcula, Herbaspirillum, Methylobacterium, Paenibacillus, Pantoea, Penicillium, Piriformospora, Planomonospora, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Serratia and Streptomyces. These PGP microbes could be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants at place of chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. The aim of “Plant Microbiomes for Sustainable Agriculture” is to provide the current developments in the understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems in the form of rhizospheric, endophytic and epiphytic. The book is useful to scientist, research and students related to microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture

Advances in Plant Microbiome and Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ajar Nath Yadav,Ali Asghar Rastegari,Neelam Yadav,Divjot Kour
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-03
ISBN : 9811532044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes are ubiquitous in nature, and plant-microbe interactions are a key strategy for colonizing diverse habitats. The plant microbiome (epiphytic, endophytic and rhizospheric) plays an important role in plant growth and development and soil health. Further, rhizospheric soil is a valuable natural resource, hosting hotspots of microbes, and is vital in the maintenance of global nutrient balance and ecosystem function. The term endophytic microbes refers to those microorganisms that colonize the interior the plants. The phyllosphere is a common niche for synergism between microbes and plants and includes the leaf surface. The diverse group of microbes are key components of soil-plant systems, and where they are engaged in an extensive network of interactions in the rhizosphere/endophytic/phyllospheric they have emerged as an important and promising tool for sustainable agriculture. Plant microbiomes help to directly or indirectly promote plant growth using plant growth promoting attributes, and could potentially be used as biofertilizers/bioinoculants in place of chemical fertilizers. This book allows readers to gain an understanding of microbial diversity associated with plant systems and their role in plant growth, and soil health. Offering an overview of the state of the art in plant microbiomes and their potential biotechnological applications in agriculture and allied sectors, it is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students in the field of microbiology, biotechnology, agriculture, molecular biology, environmental biology and related subjects.

Microbial Diversity and Biotechnology in Food Security

Microbial Diversity and Biotechnology in Food Security Book
Author : R.N. Kharwar,R.S. Upadhyay,N.K. Dubey,Richa Raghuwanshi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 8132218019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The roles of microbes in agriculture, industry and environment have been the point of interest since long time for their potential exploitation. Although only a fraction of microbial diversity was accessed by microbiologists earlier for harnessing them owing to limited techniques available. The molecular techniques have opened new vistas to access the wide field of the unexplored microbes and their exploitation for useful genes and novel metabolites. Sincere efforts have been made in biotechnology using microbes leading to improve our life with respect to agriculture and people health. This comprehensive volume covers different aspects of microbial biotechnology and its management in sustainable agriculture for food security and improved human health. The book comprises four sections: Endophytes and Mycorrhizae, Microbial Diversity and Plant Protection, Microbial Functions and Biotechnology, and Microbes and the Environment, which contain 53 chapters. The book examines the aspects on endophytes and mycorrhizae, bioactive compounds, growth promoting microorganisms, disease management with emphasis on biocontrol, genetics of disease resistance, microbial enzymes, advances in potential of microbes and their industrial as well as pharmaceutical applications. In addition, the use of botanicals, and the etiology and management of medicinal and aromatic plants in the post harvest management have been reviewed in greater depth for the benefit of teaching and research community. The biotechnological developments using microbe potential have enabled us combat the environment and human health problems worldwide in ecofriendly manner. We are sure that this volume will be highly useful to all those concerned with fungi, bacteria, viruses and their biology, including environmental and public health officers and professionals in the field of interest. The volume is an exhaustive coverage of almost all the aspects of microbial biology and biotechnology.

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity

Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity Book
Author : Surajit de Mandal,Pankaj Bhatt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 0128212667
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms are a major part of the Earth’s biological diversity. Although a lot of research has been done on microbial diversity, most of it is fragmented. This book creates the need for a unified text to be published, full of information about microbial diversity from highly reputed and impactful sources. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity brings a comprehensive understanding of the recent advances in microbial diversity research focused on different bodily systems, such as the gut. Recent Advancements in Microbial Diversity also discusses how the application of advanced sequencing technologies is used to reveal previously unseen microbial diversity and show off its function. Gives insight into microbial diversity in different bodily systems Explains novel approaches to studying microbial diversity Highlights the use of omics to analyze the microbial community and its functional attributes Discusses the techniques used to examine microbial diversity, including their applications and respective strengths and weaknesses

Biodiversity Hotspots

Biodiversity Hotspots Book
Author : Frank E. Zachos,Jan Christian Habel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-15
ISBN : 9783642209925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiversity and its conservation are among the main global topics in science and politics and perhaps the major challenge for the present and coming generations. This book written by international experts from different disciplines comprises general chapters on diversity and its measurement, human impacts on biodiversity hotspots on a global scale, human diversity itself and various geographic regions exhibiting high levels of diversity. The areas covered range from genetics and taxonomy to evolutionary biology, biogeography and the social sciences. In addition to the classic hotspots in the tropics, the book also highlights various other ecosystems harbouring unique species communities including coral reefs and the Southern Ocean. The approach taken considers, but is not limited to, the original hotspot definition sensu stricto and presents a chapter introducing the 35th hotspot, the forests of East Australia. While, due to a bias in data availability, the majority of contributions on particular taxa deal with vertebrates and plants, some also deal with the less-studied invertebrates. This book will be essential reading for anyone involved with biodiversity, particularly researchers and practitioners in the fields of conservation biology, ecology and evolution.

Microbial Communities of Polar and Alpine Soils

Microbial Communities of Polar and Alpine Soils Book
Author : Laura Zucconi,Pietro Buzzini
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 288971618X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microbial Communities of Polar and Alpine Soils book written by Laura Zucconi,Pietro Buzzini, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Health Restoration and Management

Soil Health Restoration and Management Book
Author : Ram Swaroop Meena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-23
ISBN : 981138570X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the food requirements of an ever-increasing population is a pressing challenge for every country around the globe. Soil degradation has a negative impact on food security by reducing the cultivated land areas, while at the same time the world population is predicted to increase to 9.2 billion in 2050. Soil degradation adversely affects soil function and productivity and degraded soils now amount to 6 billion ha worldwide. The major factors are salinization, erosion, depletion of nutrients due to exhaustive agricultural practices and contamination with toxic metal ions and agrochemicals, which reduces the activity of soil microbe. In addition, poor soil management also decreases fertility. As such, measures are required to restore the soil health and productivity: organic matter, beneficial microorganisms and nutrient dynamics can all improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. Understanding the role of soil health restoration and management in sustainability and nutritional security calls for a holistic approach to assess soil functions and examine the contributions of a particular management system within a defined timescale. Further, best management practices in cropping systems are important in ensuring sustainability and food and nutritional security without compromising the soil quality and productivity potential. Rational soil management practices must allow environmentally and economically sustainable yields and restoration of soil health.

Microbial Diversity in Asia

Microbial Diversity in Asia Book
Author : Been Hen Nga,Hai-Meng Tan,Ken-ichiro Suzuki
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9810243081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work presents results from five years of research on microbial species in exotic and pristine locations in Asian countries, by contributors in food science, microbiology, and agricultural and environmental sciences in the UK, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, China, Korea, and Philippines. Some microorganisms are described here for the first time. Specific topics include lactic acid bacteria in fermented foods in Southeast Asia, culture collection networks in Asia, high actinomycete diversity in the topical rainforests of Singapore, and engineering biphenyl dioxygenases to acquire wide degradation capabilities of polychlorinated biphenyls and aromatic hydrocarbons. The editor is affiliated with the Department of Microbiology at the National University of Singapore. c. Book News Inc.

Delineating Macro and Micro Marine Biodiversity in the Coral Triangle Using Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures and DNA Metabarcoding

Delineating Macro and Micro Marine Biodiversity in the Coral Triangle Using Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures and DNA Metabarcoding Book
Author : Ni Kadek Dita Cahyani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exceptional concentration of marine biodiversity in the Coral Triangle is among the best-known biogeographic patterns in the ocean. Marine biodiversity peaks in the islands of Eastern part of Indonesia and the Philippines, the heart of the Coral Triangle, and significantly decreases moving away from this global biodiversity hotspot. However, data supporting this pattern largely come from fishes, corals and larger metazoans, and exclude smaller organisms that comprise the majority of marine biodiversity. This study utilized Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structure (ARMS) and DNA metabarcoding to examine biodiversity patterns of marine communities across Indonesia, the largest and most biologically diverse region of the Coral Triangle. In Chapter 1, I examine eukaryote biodiversity patterns of marine communities across Indonesia. Results demonstrate that smaller cryptofauna display similar biodiversity patterns to larger metazoans; the most diverse parts of Indonesia had more diversity per unit area, and greater heterogeneity and beta diversity across all spatial scales, individual ARMS, reefs, or regions. The results show that processes shaping biodiversity hotspots appear consistent in marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and across size and spatial scales. In Chapter 2, I examine patterns marine bacterial diversity across Indonesia, comparing microbial diversity to eukaryotic and metazoan diversity from ARMS. Results showed strong regional differentiation in microbial communities. Microbial diversity tracked eukaryote and metazoan diversity, and displayed a significant pattern of isolation by distance, strongly indicating that associations with larger eukaryotes and physical limitations to dispersal differentiate microbial communities in the Coral Triangle. These results are counter to the hypothesis that "everything is everywhere, but the environment selects", and provide novel insights into the processes shaping marine microbial diversity in the world's most diverse marine ecosystem. In Chapter 3, I re-examine data from Chapter 1 to determine how strategies for marine ecosystem monitoring in Indonesia could be developed to yield the best results for the least cost, allowing resource managers to harness the power of metabarcoding to better monitor this region's biodiversity. Comparisons of cytochrome oxidase 1 (COI) and 18S rRNA metabarcoding data across three separate organismal size classes recovered from ARMS indicate that metabarcoding the 100 m size fraction with COI captures the largest amount of diversity at the highest resolution. Results indicate that metabarcoding the 100 m size fraction with COI provides the most accurate and economical approach to monitoring diversity in megadiverse regions where limited research investment precludes sequencing multiple size fractions with multiple metabarcoding markers. Combined, the results of this thesis demonstrate the power of ARMS and metabarcoding for the study and monitoring of marine biodiversity, providing new tools for the study and management of the exceptional marine biodiversity of the Coral Triangle.

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era Book
Author : Surajit Das,Hirak Ranjan Dash
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 0128148500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era presents insights on the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny, along with their applications and respective pros and cons. Though many advanced techniques for the identification of any unknown bacterium are available in the genomics era, a far fewer number of the total microbial species have been discovered and identified to date. The assessment of microbial taxonomy and biosystematics techniques discovered and practiced in the current genomics era with suitable recommendations is the prime focus of this book. Discusses the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny with their applications and respective pros and cons Reviews the evolving field of bacterial typing and the genomic technologies that enable comparative analysis of multiple genomes and the metagenomes of complex microbial environments Provides a uniform, standard methodology for species designation

Modern Tools and Techniques to Understand Microbes

Modern Tools and Techniques to Understand Microbes Book
Author : Ajit Varma,Arun Kumar Sharma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-21
ISBN : 3319491970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides essential molecular techniques and protocols for analyzing microbes that are useful for developing novel bio-chemicals, such as medicines, biofuels, and plant protection substances. The topics and techniques covered include: microbial diversity and composition; microorganisms in the food industry; mass cultivation of sebacinales; host-microbe interaction; targeted gene disruption; function-based metagenomics to reveal the rhizosphere microbiome; mycotoxin biosynthetic pathways; legume-rhizobium symbioses; multidrug transporters of yeast; drug-resistant bacteria; the fungal endophyte piriformospora indica; medicinal plants; arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; biosurfactants in microbial enhanced oil recovery; and biocontrol of the soybean cyst nematode with root endophytic fungi; as well as microbe-mediated drought tolerance in plants.