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Microbial Biodegradation Of Xenobiotic Compounds

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Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds Book
Author : Young-Cheol Chang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-02-05
ISBN : 1351721984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds examines and collects the recent information on the bioremediation technologies around the world. This book focuses on methods to decrease pollutants created by anthropogenic activities, industrial activities, and agricultural activities. This book answers some of the questions about – how to reduce contaminants? And whether there is a possibility of converting these pollutants in to useful energy by advanced biotechnological methods? The book combines present obtainable data with the expert knowledge of researchers from all over the world covering different aspects of environmental biotechnology and microbiology. It covers basic concepts of bioremediation and various methods involved in the bioremediation process, and provides specific chapters on the role of different genes and enzymes involved in microbial bioremediation process. It also gives special attention to heavy metal bioremediation by microalgae and the mechanisms involved during the degradation process. Recent innovative technologies about converting toxic pollutants in to useful energy like bioplastics and electricity are also discussed by specialist authors. Various chapters address the bioremediation of pesticides in soil using microbial metabolites, and molecular aspects of biodegradation which cover topics including identification of novel genes through the metagenomic approach and bioremediation using fungal laccase enzymes.

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics Book
Author : Shree Nath Singh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-07
ISBN : 9783642237898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our interest in the microbial biodegradation of xenobiotics has increased many folds in recent years to find out sustainable ways for environmental cleanup. Bioremediation and biotransformation processes harness the naturally occurring ability of microbes to degrade, transform or accumulate a wide range of organic pollutants. Major methodological breakthroughs in recent years through detailed genomic, metagenomic, proteomic, bioinformatic and other high-throughput analyses of environmentally relevant microorganisms have provided us unprecedented insights into key biodegradative pathways and the ability of organisms to adapt to changing environmental conditions. The degradation of a wide spectrum of organic pollutants and wastes discharged into the environment by anthropogenic activities is an emerging need today to promote sustainable development of our society with low environmental impact. Microbial processes play a major role in the removal of recalcitrant compounds taking advantage of the astonishing catabolic versatility of microorganisms to degrade or transform such compounds. New breakthroughs in sequencing, genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics and imaging are generating vital information which opens a new era providing new insights of metabolic and regulatory networks, as well as clues to the evolution of degradation pathways and to the molecular adaptation strategies to changing environmental conditions. Functional genomic and metagenomic approaches are increasing our understanding of the relative importance of different pathways and regulatory networks to carbon flux in particular environments and for particular compounds. New approaches will certainly accelerate the development of bioremediation technologies and biotransformation processes in coming years for natural attenuation of contaminated environments

Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds

Microbial Metabolism of Xenobiotic Compounds Book
Author : Pankaj Kumar Arora
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-27
ISBN : 9811374627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Xenobiotic compounds including pesticides, nitrophenols, pyridine, polycyclic aromatic compounds and polychlorinated biphenyls are widely spread in environment due to anthropogenic activities. Most of them are highly toxic to living beings due to their mutagenic and carcinogenic properties. Therefore, the removal of these compounds from environment is an essential step for environmental sustainability. Microbial remediation has emerged as an effective technology for degradation of these xenobiotic compounds as microorganisms have unique ability to utilize these compounds as their sole source of carbon and energy. The primary goal of this book is to provide detailed information of microbial degradation of many xenobiotic compounds in various microorganisms.

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds Book
Author : Young-Cheol Chang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-30
ISBN : 1351721992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds examines and collects the recent information on the bioremediation technologies around the world. This book focuses on methods to decrease pollutants created by anthropogenic activities, industrial activities, and agricultural activities. This book answers some of the questions about – how to reduce contaminants? And whether there is a possibility of converting these pollutants in to useful energy by advanced biotechnological methods? The book combines present obtainable data with the expert knowledge of researchers from all over the world covering different aspects of environmental biotechnology and microbiology. It covers basic concepts of bioremediation and various methods involved in the bioremediation process, and provides specific chapters on the role of different genes and enzymes involved in microbial bioremediation process. It also gives special attention to heavy metal bioremediation by microalgae and the mechanisms involved during the degradation process. Recent innovative technologies about converting toxic pollutants in to useful energy like bioplastics and electricity are also discussed by specialist authors. Various chapters address the bioremediation of pesticides in soil using microbial metabolites, and molecular aspects of biodegradation which cover topics including identification of novel genes through the metagenomic approach and bioremediation using fungal laccase enzymes.

Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation

Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation Book
Author : Surajit Das
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-07-01
ISBN : 0128004827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation brings together experts in relevant fields to describe the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for bioremediation of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds. This single-source reference encompasses all categories of pollutants and their applications in a convenient, comprehensive package. Our natural biodiversity and environment is in danger due to the release of continuously emerging potential pollutants by anthropogenic activities. Though many attempts have been made to eradicate and remediate these noxious elements, every day thousands of xenobiotics of relatively new entities emerge, thus worsening the situation. Primitive microorganisms are highly adaptable to toxic environments, and can reduce the load of toxic elements by their successful transformation and remediation. Describes many novel approaches of microbial bioremediation including genetic engineering, metagenomics, microbial fuel cell technology, biosurfactants and biofilm-based bioremediation Introduces relatively new hazardous elements and their bioremediation practices including oil spills, military waste water, greenhouse gases, polythene wastes, and more Provides the most advanced techniques in the field of bioremediation, including insilico approach, microbes as pollution indicators, use of bioreactors, techniques of pollution monitoring, and more

Handbook of Research on Inventive Bioremediation Techniques

Handbook of Research on Inventive Bioremediation Techniques Book
Author : Bhakta, Jatindra Nath
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-01-26
ISBN : 152252326X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapid progression of technology has significantly impacted population growth, urbanization, and industrialization in modern society. These developments, while positive on the surface, have created critical environmental problems in recent years. The Handbook of Research on Inventive Bioremediation Techniques is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly information on optimizing bioremediation technologies and methods to control pollution and enhance sustainability and conservation initiatives for the environment. Highlighting pivotal research perspectives on topics such as biodegradation, microbial tools, and green technology, this publication is ideally designed for academics, professionals, graduate students, and practitioners interested in emerging techniques for environmental decontamination.

Xenobiotics in the Soil Environment

Xenobiotics in the Soil Environment Book
Author : Muhammad Zaffar Hashmi,Vivek Kumar,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-15
ISBN : 3319477447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the vast variety of xenobiotics, such as pesticides, antibiotics, antibiotic resistance genes, agrochemicals and other pollutants, their interactions with the soil environment, and the currently available strategies and techniques for soil decontamination and bioremediation. Topics covered include: transport mechanisms of pollutants along the Himalayas; use of earthworms in biomonitoring; metagenomic strategies for assessing contaminated sites; xenobiotics in the food chain; phyto-chemical remediation; biodegradation by fungi; and the use of enzymes and potential microbes in biotransformation. Accordingly, the book offers a valuable guide for scientists in the fields of environmental ecology, soil and food sciences, agriculture, and applied microbiology.

Development in Wastewater Treatment Research and Processes

Development in Wastewater Treatment Research and Processes Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-02-25
ISBN : 0323897932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Development in Wastewater Treatment Research and Processes: Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics through Bacterial and Fungal Approach covers the active and applicable role that bacteria and fungi play in the degradation of xenobiotic compounds from the environment. The book gives up-to-date information on recent advancements in the field of environmental xenobiotics and how they disturb a plant's metabolism. The book also gives information on aerobic and anaerobic degradation of xenobiotic compounds through bacteria or fungi and/or a combined approach. Finally, the book covers the characteristics of environmental microbiology, biochemical engineering, agricultural microbiology, environmental engineering, and soil bioremediation. Emphasizes up-to-date research on the microbial degradation of xenobiotic compounds through a bacterial-fungal approach Covers multidisciplinary features of environmental microbiology, biochemical engineering, agriculture microbiology, environmental engineering and soil bioremediation Includes sections on aerobic and anaerobic degradation Presents the significance of the bacterial-fungal role and their metabolic activities in the digestion of xenobiotic compounds Focuses on the most recent developments in environmental biotechnology to enhance the action of the bacterial-fungal systems in the remediation of xenobiotic compounds

Perspectives in Bioremediation

Perspectives in Bioremediation Book
Author : J. R. Wild,Sergeĭ Dmitrievich Varfolomeev,Andrea Scozzafava
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780792343394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioremediation - the use of microorganisms for environmental clean-up - is a technology that is experiencing a rapid phase of development. From the opening chapter of Perspectives in Bioremediation, on the nature of environmental site assessment, on to the genetic manipulation of native soil microorganisms, the international collection of authors provide an understanding of the current progress and limitations of technologies that are designed to help nature herself. The book draws together many different aspects of environmental remediation: the environmental engineer is introduced to the bacteria of contaminated environments and the ideas developing from genetic engineering; the environmental microbiologist can grasp site assessment and the predictive kinetic analysis of potentials. The book provides a clear and concise introduction to the nature of and potential for bioremediation to contribute to a critical global effort in eliminating contamination of the world's resources and to start to reverse decades of environmental mismanagement and neglect.

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics and Recalcitrant Compounds

Microbial Degradation of Xenobiotics and Recalcitrant Compounds Book
Author : T. Leisinger
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 9780124429208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Xenobiotic chemicals with pollution potential. Problems of environmental law. Genetics of degrading microbes. Catabolism of aromatics. Pesticides. Lignin, detergents and dyes. Biodegradation of synthetic organic colorants.

Smart Bioremediation Technologies

Smart Bioremediation Technologies Book
Author : Pankaj Bhatt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-07
ISBN : 012818308X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Bioremediation Technologies: Microbial Enzymes provides insights into the complex behavior of enzymes and identifies metabolites and their degradation pathways. It will help readers work towards solutions for sustainable medicine and environmental pollution. The book highlights the microbial enzymes that have replaced many plant and animal enzymes, also presenting their applications in varying industries, including pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering, biofuels, diagnostics and therapy. In addition, new methods, including genomics and metagenomics, are being employed for the discovery of new enzymes from microbes. This book brings all of these topics together, representing the first resource on how to solve problems in bioremediation. Provides the most novel approaches in enzyme studies Gives insights in real-time enzymology that are correlated with bioremediation Serves as a valuable resource on the use of genomes, transcriptomes and proteomes with bioremediation Refers to enzymes as diagnostic tools

Fungi in Bioremediation

Fungi in Bioremediation Book
Author : G. M. Gadd,Geoffrey M. Gadd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-11-15
ISBN : 9780521781190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative account of the application of fungi to the treatment of environmental pollution.

Recent Advances in Microbial Degradation

Recent Advances in Microbial Degradation Book
Author : . Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-07
ISBN : 9811605181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes play a major role in the degradation of various pollutants. Therefore, microbes find potential application in the area of energy and environmental technology. The book provides in-depth literature on the topics of environmental and industrial importance. It is compiled to explore the application of microbe used in the degradation of aflatoxin, polymers, biomass into fuel, disinfectants, food products, xenobiotic compounds, lipids, steroids, organic pollutants, proteins, oil waste, and wastewater pollutants. This book will be of interest to teachers, researchers, scientists, and capacity builders. Also, the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of microbiology and environmental sciences. National and international remediation and restoration scientists, policymakers will also find this to be a useful read.

Biodegradation of Hazardous and Special Products

Biodegradation of Hazardous and Special Products Book
Author : Rolando Chamy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-06-14
ISBN : 9535111558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a collection of different research activities that include the biodegradation compounds with contaminant characteristics and special products of different interests as an added value product or that allows following up various biological processes. The chapters consider the degradation of contaminant compounds generated by industrial activities, i.e., oil industry by-product compounds and halogen compounds or compound generated by natural phenomena such as tsunamis, which require interventions to recover damaged soils. In addition, the book contains chapters that involve special product degradation processes such as chlorophyll, which corresponds to a biological process indicator as photosynthesis.

Biodegradation and Bioremediation

Biodegradation and Bioremediation Book
Author : Ajay Singh,Owen P. Ward
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662060663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this volume, experts from universities, government labs and industry share their findings on the microbiological, biochemical and molecular aspects of biodegradation and bioremediation. The text covers numerous topics, including: bioavailability, biodegradation of various pollutants, microbial community dynamics, properties and engineering of important biocatalysts, and methods for monitoring bioremediation processes. Microbial processes are environmentally compatible and can be integrated with non-biological processes to detoxify, degrade and immobilize environmental contaminants.

Impact of Xenobiotic Chemicals on Microbial Ecosystems

Impact of Xenobiotic Chemicals on Microbial Ecosystems Book
Author : American Society for Microbiology. Applied and Environmental Microbiology Division. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Impact of Xenobiotic Chemicals on Microbial Ecosystems book written by American Society for Microbiology. Applied and Environmental Microbiology Division. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microbial Products for Health Environment and Agriculture

Microbial Products for Health  Environment and Agriculture Book
Author : Pankaj Kumar Arora
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-21
ISBN : 9811619476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume discusses the role of various microbial products in healthcare, environment and agriculture. Several microbial products are directly involved in solving major health problems, agricultural and environmental issues. In healthcare sector, microbes are used as anti-tumor compounds, antibiotics, anti-parasitic agents, enzyme inhibitors and immunosuppressive agents. Microbial products are also used to degrade xenobiotic compounds and bio-surfactants, for biodegradation process. In agriculture, microbial products are used to enhance nutrient uptake, to promote plant growth, or to control plant diseases. The book presents several such applications of microbes in the ecosystems. The chapters are contributed from across the globe and contain up-to-date information. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, microbiologists and ecologists. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, forestry, ecology, soil science, and environmental sciences.

Microbes and Microbial Biotechnology for Green Remediation

Microbes and Microbial Biotechnology for Green Remediation Book
Author : Junaid Ahmad Malik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-22
ISBN : 032390453X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbes and Microbial Biotechnology for Green Remediation provides a comprehensive account of sustainable microbial treatment technologies. The research presented highlights the significantly important microbial species involved in remediation, the mechanisms of remediation by various microbes, and suggestions for future improvement of bioremediation technology. The introduction of contaminants, due to rapid urbanization and anthropogenic activities, into the environment causes unsteadiness and distress to the physicochemical systems, including living organisms. Hence, there is an immediate global demand for the diminution of such contaminants and xenobiotics which can otherwise adversely affect the living organisms. Over time, microbial remediation processes have been accelerated to produce better, eco-friendlier, and more biodegradable products for complete dissemination of these xenobiotic compounds. The advancements in microbiology and biotechnology lead to the launch of microbial biotechnology as a separate area of research and contributed dramatically to the development of the areas such as agriculture, environment, biopharmaceutics, and fermented foods. Microbes stand as an imperative, efficient, green, and economical alternative to conventional treatment technologies. The proposed book provides cost-effective and sustainable alternatives. This book serves as a reference for graduate and postgraduate students in environmental biotechnology and microbiology as well as researchers and scientists working in the laboratories and industries involved in research related to microbiology, environmental biotechnology, and allied research. Discusses important microbial activities, such as biofertilizer, biocontrol, biosorption, biochar, biofilm, biodegradation, bioremediation, bioclogging, and quorum sensing Covers all the advanced microbial bioremediation techniques which are finding their way from the laboratory to the field for revival of the degraded agro-ecosystems Examines the role of bacteria, fungi, microalgae, Bacillus sp., Prosopis juliflora, Deinococcus radiodurans, Pseudomonas, methanotrophs, siderophores, and PGPRs as the biocontrol and green remediator agents for soil sustainability

Handbook on Biodegradation and Biological Treatment of Hazardous Organic Compounds

Handbook on Biodegradation and Biological Treatment of Hazardous Organic Compounds Book
Author : M.H. van Agteren,Sytze Keuning,D. Janssen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401590621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The introduction of synthetic organic chemicals into the environment during the last few decades has given rise to major concern about the ecotoxicological effects and ultimate fate of these compounds. The pollutants that are considered to be most hazardous because of their intrinsic toxicity, high exposure level, or recalcitrant behavior in the environment have been placed on blacklists and other policy priority lists. The fate of synthetic compounds that enter the environment is mainly determined by their rate of biodegradation, which therefore also has a major effect on the degree of bioaccumulation and the risk of ecotoxicological effects. The degree and rate of biodegradation is also of critical importance for the feasibility of biological techniques to clean up contaminated sites and waste streams. The biodegradation of xenobiotics has thus been the subject of numerous studies, which resulted in thousands of publications in scientific journals, books, and conference proceedings. These studies led to a deeper understanding of the diversity of biodegradation processes. As a result, it has become possible to enhance the rate of degradation of recalcitrant pollutants during biological treatment and to design completely new treatment processes. At present, much work is being done to expand the range of pollutants to which biodegradation can be applied, and to make treatment techniques less expensive and better applicable for waste streams which are difficult to handle.