Publisher : Presses univ. de Louvain
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9782930344553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De
Book Description :
Micro-injection moulding is a new process, and as such it has not been thoroughly investigated until now. The peculiarities related to the three dimensional aspect of the cavity and the very small length and time scales at stake make it a very specific technology compared to conventional injection moulding. The aim of this thesis is to pave the way for micro-injection moulding modelling with a special emphasis on micro-cavity filling. Besides giving insight into the process, this work demonstrates the importance of visco-elastic effects and investigates further related issues. The different steps adopted in this work are the following ones: first an extensive review of the process is proposed, followed by a reflection on micro-cavity filling and polymer behaviour which ends up with the choice of the Giesekus model as an appropriate viscoelastic model for some polymers used in this process. A chapter dedicated to polymer characterization conducted on PC Lexan HF11110R, a micro-injection suited amorphous material, shows that the Newtonian viscosity is very low. In this case, the model admissibility from a mathematical and thermodynamic point of view is not guaranteed. This admissibility is the object of a chapter which provides an analysis for the Giesekus model completed with the PC Lexan material parameters. A further mathematical consequence of a vanishing Newtonian viscosity is that the number of inlet boundary conditions to be prescribed for the extra-stress tensor is reduced to 4 instead of 6 in case of a non-vanishing Newtonian viscosity. A specific numerical scheme to tackle this problem is proposed along with a theta-splitting based method which allows us to separate the viscous and visco-elastic effects in the governing equations and to treat subsequently a modified Stokes sub-problem and a transport sub-problem. Finally, a micromixer design and prototyping is presented as an application of this promising process.