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Methods For Phase Diagram Determination

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Methods for Phase Diagram Determination

Methods for Phase Diagram Determination Book
Author : Ji-Cheng Zhao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-05-05
ISBN : 9780080549965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Phase diagrams are "maps" materials scientists often use to design new materials. They define what compounds and solutions are formed and their respective compositions and amounts when several elements are mixed together under a certain temperature and pressure. This monograph is the most comprehensive reference book on experimental methods for phase diagram determination. It covers a wide range of methods that have been used to determine phase diagrams of metals, ceramics, slags, and hydrides. * Extensive discussion on methodologies of experimental measurements and data assessments * Written by experts around the world, covering both traditional and combinatorial methodologies * A must-read for experimental measurements of phase diagrams

Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination

Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination Book
Author : J. E. Morral,Robert S. Schiffman
Publisher : Tms
Release : 1994-01-01
ISBN : 9780873392266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of papers is from Materials Week '93 held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, October 17-21, 1993. Phase diagrams are a construction of phase equilibria data that have applications in both science and technology. The diagrams are available in handbooks for most binary and selected ternary systems and have long been used by materials engineers in alloy and process design. Diagrams for higher order systems are not normally available, which requires engineers to infer the behaviour of complex industrial systems.

Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination

Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination Book
Author : Minerals, Metals and Materials Society Staff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780598028570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experimental Methods of Phase Diagram Determination book written by Minerals, Metals and Materials Society Staff, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics

Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics Book
Author : Gesina C. Carter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Applications of Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy and Ceramics book written by Gesina C. Carter, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards

Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

NBS Special Publication

NBS Special Publication Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NBS Special Publication book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion Volume 2

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion  Volume 2 Book
Author : Aloke Paul,Sergiy Divinski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-13
ISBN : 0128045787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Solid State Diffusion, Volume 2: Diffusion Analysis in Material Applications covers the basic fundamentals, techniques, applications, and latest developments in the area of solid-state diffusion, offering a pedagogical understanding for students, academicians, and development engineers. Both experimental techniques and computational methods find equal importance in the second of this two volume set. Volume 2 covers practical issues on diffusion phenomena in bulk, thin film, and in nanomaterials. Diffusion related problems and analysis of methods in industrial applications, such as electronic industry, high temperature materials, nuclear materials, and superconductor materials are discussed. Presents a handbook with a short mathematical background and detailed examples of concrete applications of the sophisticated methods of analysis Enables readers to learn the basic concepts of experimental approaches and the computational methods involved in solid-state diffusion Covers bulk, thin film, and nanomaterials Introduces the problems and analysis in important materials systems in various applications Collates contributions from academic and industrial problems from leading scientists involved in developing key concepts across the globe

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1978 Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards  1978 Catalog Book
Author : United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the National Bureau of Standards 1978 Catalog book written by United States. National Bureau of Standards, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Application of the M ssbauer Effect in Determination of Phase Diagrams

Application of the M  ssbauer Effect in Determination of Phase Diagrams Book
Author : Ephraim Manasseh Howard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Application of the M ssbauer Effect in Determination of Phase Diagrams book written by Ephraim Manasseh Howard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams A Comprehensive Guide

CALPHAD  Calculation of Phase Diagrams   A Comprehensive Guide Book
Author : N. Saunders,A.P. Miodownik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-06-09
ISBN : 9780080528434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph acts as a benchmark to current achievements in the field of Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, often called CALPHAD which is an acronym for Computer CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It also acts as a guide to both the basic background of the subject area and the cutting edge of the topic, combining comprehensive discussions of the underlying physical principles of the CALPHAD method with detailed descriptions of their application to real complex multi-component materials. Approaches which combine both thermodynamic and kinetic models to interpret non-equilibrium phase transformations are also reviewed.

Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids

Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids Book
Author : Jaroslav Sestak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 0323858112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Analysis and Thermodynamic Properties of Solids, Second Edition covers foundational principles and recent updates in the field, presenting an authoritative overview of theoretical knowledge and practical applications across several fields. Since the first edition of this book was published, large developments have occurred in the theoretical understanding of—and subsequent ability to assess and apply—principles of thermal analysis. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert author, this second edition provides fascinating insight for both new and experienced students, researchers, and industry professionals whose work is influenced or impacted by thermo analysis principles and tools. Part 1 provides a detailed introduction and guide to theoretical aspects of thermal analysis and the related impact of thermodynamics. Key terminology and concepts, the fundamentals of thermophysical examinations, thermostatics, equilibrium background, thermotics, reaction kinetics and models, thermokinetics and the exploitation of fractals are all discussed. Part 2 then goes on to discuss practical applications of this theoretical information to topics such as crystallization kinetics and glass states, thermodynamics in superconductor models, and climate change. Includes fully updated as well as new chapters on kinetic phase diagrams, thermokinetics in DTA experiments, and crystallization kinetics Discusses the influence of key derivatives such as thermostatics, thermodynamics, thermotics, and thermokinetics Helps readers understand and describe reaction kinetics in solids, both in terms of simplified descriptions of the reaction mechanism models and averaged descriptions using fractals

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application Book
Author : Muyu Zhao,Lizhu Song,Xiaobao Fan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-05-30
ISBN : 364202940X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Boundary Theory of Phase Diagrams and Its Application -- Rules for Phase Diagram Construction with Phase Regions and Their Boundaries presents a novel theory of phase diagrams. Thoroughly revised on the basis of the Chinese edition and rigorously reviewed, this book inspects the general feature and structure of phase diagrams, and reveals that there exist actually two categories of boundaries. This innovative boundary theory has solved many difficulties in understanding phase diagrams, and also finds its application in constructing multi-component phase diagrams or in calculating high-pressure phase diagrams. Researchers and engineers as well as graduate students in the areas of chemistry, metallurgy and materials science will benefit from this book. Prof. Muyu Zhao was the recipient of the 1998 Prize for Progress in Science and Technology (for his work on the boundary theory of phase diagrams) awarded by the National Commission of Education, China, and many other prizes.

Phase Diagrams

Phase Diagrams Book
Author : Flake C. Campbell
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1615039864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This well-written text is for non-metallurgists and anyone seeking a quick refresher on an essential tool of modern metallurgy. The basic principles, construction, interpretation, and use of alloy phase diagrams are clearly described with ample illustrations for all important liquid and solid reactions. Gas-metal reactions, important in metals processing and in-service corrosion, also are discussed. Get the basics on how phase diagrams help predict and interpret the changes in the structure of alloys.

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design

Principles of Inorganic Materials Design Book
Author : John N. Lalena,David A. Cleary
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-02-12
ISBN : 9780470567531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unique interdisciplinary approach enables readers to overcome complex design challenges Integrating concepts from chemistry, physics, materials science, metallurgy, and ceramics, Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition offers a unique interdisciplinary approach that enables readers to grasp the complexities of inorganic materials. The book provides a solid foundation in the principles underlying the design of inorganic materials and then offers the guidance and tools needed to create specific materials with desired macroscopic properties. Principles of Inorganic Materials Design, Second Edition begins with an introduction to structure at the microscopic level and then progresses to smaller-length scales. Next, the authors explore both phenomenological and atomistic-level descriptions of transport properties, the metal?nonmetal transition, magnetic and dielectric properties, optical properties, and mechanical properties. Lastly, the book covers phase equilibria, synthesis, and nanomaterials. Special features include: Introduction to the CALPHAD method, an important, but often overlooked topic More worked examples and new end-of-chapter problems to help ensure mastery of the concepts Extensive references to the literature for more in-depth coverage of particular topics Biographies introducing twentieth-century pioneers in the field of inorganic materials science This Second Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the latest findings and featuring expanded discussions of such key topics as microstructural aspects, density functional theory, dielectric properties, mechanical properties, and nanomaterials. Armed with this text, students and researchers in inorganic and physical chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering will be equipped to overcome today's complex design challenges. This textbook is recommended for senior-level undergraduate and graduate course work.

Intermetallic Chemistry

Intermetallic Chemistry Book
Author : Riccardo Ferro,Adriana Saccone
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03
ISBN : 0080553354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intermetallic science is closely related to physics, chemistry, metallurgy, materials science & technology, and engineering. This book emphasizes the chemical aspects of this science, and therefore the mutual reactivity of metals and the characteristics of intermetallic compounds. Topics included are: OCo Phase diagrams of alloy systems. Many intermetallic systems form several compounds, generally not obeying common simple stoichiometric rules, which are often homogeneous in a certain range of compositions. The stability and extension of these phases are conveniently presented through phase diagrams. OCo Selected aspects of intermetallics structural chemistry, with emphasis on the solid state. The general structural characteristics of intermetallic phases are considered, with attention to nomenclature and to alternative and complementary methods of presenting crystal-chemical data. A brief account is given of derivative and degenerate structures, modular aspects of crystal structures, and of a few special groups of alloys such as quasicrystals and amorphous alloys. A number of selected structural prototypes with typical features, their possible grouping in structural OC familieso and their distribution among different types of alloys are provided. OCo Intermetallic reactivity trends in the Periodic Table. Attention is given to a few selected elemental parameters such as electron configuration and valence electron number and to their changes along the Table, which act as reference factors of the intermetallic behaviour. As an example, the relationships are considered between crystal structure and the number of valence electrons per atom (or per formula) in various classes of compounds or solid solution phases. OCo Alloying behaviour systematics of intermetallic systems with a description of the intermetallic reactivity of each element, or group of elements, in the order of their position in the Periodic Table. For each pair of metallic elements, their capability to form intermediate phases is summarised by maps and schemes. OCo A description of small scale preparation methods of intermetallics. A number of interesting and significant peculiarities are, e.g., those related to their high melting points, insolubility in common solvents, etc. A Systematic treatment of alloying behaviour A Wide overview of intermetallic chemistry A Illustrated, with many examples"

Crystal Growth of Intermetallics

Crystal Growth of Intermetallics Book
Author : Peter Gille,Yuri Grin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-12-17
ISBN : 311049678X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intermetallic compounds are in the focus of solid-state research for a wide range of future applications, e.g. in heterogeneous catalysis, for thermoelectric generators, and basic research of quantum critical effects. A comprehensive overview is given on various crystal growth techniques that are particularly adopted to intermetallic phases. Experienced authors from leading institutes give detailed descriptions of the specific problems in crystal growth of intermetallic compounds and approaches to solve them.

Determination of Temperature pressure Phase Diagrams

Determination of Temperature pressure Phase Diagrams Book
Author : Elena-Andreea Voicu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the major challenges of solid-state chemical physics in this century is to improve our ability to predict and control the appearance of different crystalline forms of a substance, the so-called "polymorphs". Polymorphism is the ability of a solid material to exist in more than one form or crystal structure. Polymorphism can potentially be found in any material including polymers, minerals and metals.Although polymorphs have different stability domains in temperature and pressure metastable polymorphs can made real appearance out of their stability domains appearing spontaneous transformations from the metastable (unstable form) to the stable form. Polymorphism is important in the development of pharmaceuticals ingredients. Many drugs receive regulatory approval for only a single crystal form or polymorph. Polymorphism in drugs can also have direct medical implications. Medicine is often administered orally as a crystalline solid and dissolution rates depend on the exact crystal form or polymorph. Generally the technique used for polymorph screening involve recrystallisation from a wide range of solvents under a variety of conditions: crystallisation in the presence of additives, cocrystallisation, hydrothermal methods. Another method that has proved to be successful for the exploration of polymorphism in molecular compounds is the use of high pressure techniques. The aim of this project is to introduce the technique of differential thermal analysis ( DTA), the information that this technique can provide and the procedures to be performed to obtain. This technique involves the measurements of relative changes in temperature when a substance is subjected to a controlled temperature heating/cooling rate. A calibration of the instrument's response allows obtaining temperatures and heats related with the phase transitions. Basically the calibration procedure compares the known temperatures and heats of transitions of the reference materials with the measured values in every DTA device. For measures taken at normal pressure, details reports about the calibration procedures and the recommended reference materials have been published by the International Confederation of Thermal Analysis IUPAC. When using a high pressure DTA, the evolution of the pressure during the phase transitions can be studied and the pressure-temperature (PT) phase diagram of a substance determined. In this work two high pressure DTA devices will be used to determinate the PT phase diagrams of several organic compounds between 0,1 and 300MPa. The low temperature DTA can work between 200 and 373 K and the high temperature DTA functions between 300 and 450 K. Like in the conventional DTA, the sample is subjected to a controlled temperature program at several pressures, being the response of the device entirely similar. Although the calibration procedure used in conventional devices would be equally applicable in high-pressure instruments, the reviewed studies on the evolution of the temperatures and heats of transition with the pressure in reference materials are scarce. However, the Clasius-Clapeyron equation provides an alternative method for obtaining the transition's heat of reference materials from measurements of high–pressure dilatometry. Both procedures will be tested for the calibration of two high pressure DTA.

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications

Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications Book
Author : Anthony R. West
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1991-01-08
ISBN : 9780471908746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first broad account offering a non-mathematical, unified treatment of solid state chemistry. Describes synthetic methods, X-ray diffraction, principles of inorganic crystal structures, crystal chemistry and bonding in solids; phase diagrams of 1, 2 and 3 component systems; the electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of solids; three groups of industrially important inorganic solids--glass, cement, and refractories; and certain aspects of organic solid state chemistry, including the ``organic metal'' of new materials.

Phase field simulations of multi component solidification and coarsening based on thermodynamic datasets

Phase field simulations of multi component solidification and coarsening based on thermodynamic datasets Book
Author : Schulz, Sebastian
Publisher : KIT Scientific Publishing
Release : 2017-02-22
ISBN : 3731506181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Phase field simulations of multi component solidification and coarsening based on thermodynamic datasets book written by Schulz, Sebastian, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.