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Metastable Solids From Undercooled Melts

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Metastable Solids from Undercooled Melts

Metastable Solids from Undercooled Melts Book
Author : Dieter Herlach,Dirk Holland-Moritz,Peter Galenko
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-18
ISBN : 9780080468860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the physical concepts and tools to characterize and describe the formation of metastable solids from undercooled melts. Its aim is to facilitate understanding of the development of the science and technology of solidification of melts and to introduce new concepts within this exciting research field in order to fulfil the challenges of the future in the field of undercooled melts. A comprehensive description of the science and applications of the undercooling phenomenon is given. It is composed of several main parts: experimental techniques for undercooling; characterization of the undercooled melt as the first step in rapid solidification; introducing the concepts of modern theories of rapid dendrite and eutectic growth and their comparison with experimental results, and a survey of metastable materials formed from the non-equilibrium state of an undercooled melt. * Showing clear links to possible application of results obtained from basic research * The subject matter is multidisciplinary and will be of interest to material scientists, physicists, physical chemists, mechanical and electrical engineers

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts

Solidification of Containerless Undercooled Melts Book
Author : Dieter M. Herlach,Douglas M. Matson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-21
ISBN : 3527647929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All metallic materials are prepared from the liquid state as their parent phase. Solidification is therefore one of the most important phase transformation in daily human life. Solidification is the transition from liquid to solid state of matter. The conditions under which material is transformed determines the physical and chemical properties of the as-solidified body. The processes involved, like nucleation and crystal growth, are governed by heat and mass transport. Convection and undercooling provide additional processing parameters to tune the solidification process and to control solid material performance from the very beginning of the production chain. To develop a predictive capability for efficient materials production the processes involved in solidification have to be understood in detail. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the solidification of metallic melts processed and undercooled in a containerless manner by drop tube, electromagnetic and electrostatic levitation, and experiments in reduced gravity. The experiments are accompanied by model calculations on the influence of thermodynamic and hydrodynamic conditions that control selection of nucleation mechanisms and modify crystal growth development throughout the solidification process.

Advanced Materials 93

Advanced Materials  93 Book
Author : T Matsumoto
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444601155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computations, Glassy Materials, Microgravity and Non-Destructive Testing is a compilation of the papers presented during the Third IUMRS International Conference on Advanced Materials International Union of The Materials Research Societies that discussed the concepts and methods behind glassy materials. The book is divided into parts. Part 1 tackles the progresses in sol-gel science and technology; the reaction mechanisms of ormosils and effects of ultrasonic irradiation; and the preparation of different glasses and their properties. Part 2 covers topics such as the neural network system for the identification of materials; the use of computers for simulations of many-body systems; computer system for meeting the supercomputing needs of materials; quality control of materials information by knowledge base; and the development of knowledgebase system for computer-assisted alloy design. Part 3 deals with the properties of different materials, the concepts, and the techniques behind them, and Part 4 discusses the non-destructive evaluation. The text is recommended for chemists and engineers in the field of materials science, especially those who wish to know more about the progress in its field of research.

Science and Technology of the Undercooled Melt

Science and Technology of the Undercooled Melt Book
Author : P.R. Sahm,H. Jones,C.M. Adam
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940094456X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF '!HE UNDEROLED MELT" This title was chosen as the topical headline of the Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) from March 17 to 22 1985, held at the Castle of Theuern. The usual term "Rapid Solidification" is an overlapping description. Due to the fact that nucleation is so eminently important for the undercooling of a melt and this, in turn, is an important characteristic of rapid solidifi cation, undercooling plays an essential role in "rapid solidification." The undercooled melt has caused an "accelerated evolution" (if not a revolution) in materials science during the last decade. Several rather exciting concepts with interesting potential for novel applications are being pursued presently in various laboratories and companies. They concern not only new processes and ha~ware developments, but also present chal lenging perspectives for ventures, including the founding of new companies; or they promise growth possibilities with established larger and smaller industrial establishments.

Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation

Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation Book
Author : Wei Deng
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2014-02-06
ISBN : 3038263907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation (ICMEI 2013), December 31, 2013-January 2, 2014, Brisbane Australia. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 64 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Materials Science and Materials Processing Technology; Chapter 2: Computational and Applied Mechanics; Chapter 3: Design and Manufacturing; Chapter 4: Automation, Control, Information Technology and MEMS

Nucleation in Condensed Matter

Nucleation in Condensed Matter Book
Author : Ken Kelton,Alan Lindsay Greer
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-19
ISBN : 0080912648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Nucleation in Condensed Matter, key theoretical models for nucleation are developed and experimental data are used to discuss their range of validity. A central aim of this book is to enable the reader, when faced with a phenomenon in which nucleation appears to play a role, to determine whether nucleation is indeed important and to develop a quantitative and predictive description of the nucleation behavior. The third section of the book examines nucleation processes in practical situations, ranging from solid state precipitation to nucleation in biological systems to nucleation in food and drink. Nucleation in Condensed Matter is a key reference for an advanced materials course in phase transformations. It is also an essential reference for researchers in the field. Unified treatment of key theories, experimental evaluations and case studies Complete derivation of key models Detailed discussion of experimental measurements Examples of nucleation in diverse systems

A Review Chill Block Melt Spin Technique Theories Applications

A Review  Chill Block Melt Spin Technique  Theories   Applications Book
Author : Mustafa Kamal,Usama S. Mohammad
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 160805151X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapid Solidification Processing of molten metals and alloys has proved to be a reliable route for producing new and advanced materials. The Chill-Block Melt Spin (CBMS) technique is important because its simplicity, flexibility and perfection. High quality materials can be produced with lower costs, as compared to other routes, by refining the microstructure and trapping the nucleated (new) metastable phases. Melt-spun ribbons subsequently produced can then be consolidated to produce billets and sheets that can be used in many industries especially high-tech industries such as aerospace and racing automobiles. This book contains several perspectives about CBMS technology and should be a useful review for undergraduate and post-graduate metallurgy students.

International Symposium in Space 97

International Symposium in Space  97 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Symposium in Space 97 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012

1st International Conference on 3D Materials Science  2012 Book
Author : Marc De Graef,Henning Friis Poulsen,Alexis Lewis,Jeff Simmons,George Spanos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-02
ISBN : 3319487620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing a critical growth area in materials science, this volume features papers presented at the 2012 International Conference on 3D Materials Science, organized by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). With the top researchers in the world assessing the state-of-the-art within the various elements of three-dimensional materials science, this collection provides the premier forum for authoritative presentations on all aspects of the science, including characterization, visualization, quantitative analysis, modeling, and investigation of structure-property relationships of materials.

Second International Microgravity Laboratory IML 2 Final Report

Second International Microgravity Laboratory  IML 2  Final Report Book
Author : Robert S. Snyder
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Second International Microgravity Laboratory IML 2 Final Report book written by Robert S. Snyder, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of 17th Edition of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Materials Science and Nanotechnology 2018

Proceedings of 17th Edition of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Materials Science and Nanotechnology 2018 Book
Author : EuroScicon
Publisher : EuroScicon
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

April 26-27, 2018 Rome, Italy Key Topics : Nano Electronics, Nanotechnology For Clean Energy And Environment, Nano Applications, Nano Biotechnology, Nano Bio Medicine, Carbon And Graphene Nano-Structures, Polymer Science Engineering, Bio Polymers And Bio Plastics, Advanced Materials Science, Nano Composites, Nano Technology In Materials Science, Corrosion Engineering And Corrosion Protection, Biomaterials, Electronic, Optical & Magnetic Materials., Nano Photonics, Advanced Nano Materials,

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6 Book
Author : R.W. Cochrane
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1988-01-01
ISBN : 0080984843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapidly Quenched Metals 6, Volume 1 covers the proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals held at Le Centre Sheraton, Montreal, Canada from August 3 to 7, 1987. The said conference discusses a wide variety of topics in the field of rapidly solidified metals. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 covers topics that involve the formation and transformation in metallic materials; amorphous metals; the applications of mechanical alloying; and rapid melting and quenching. Part 2 discusses the formation and structure of amorphous alloys, which includes topics such as the metastability of amorphous phases; amorphous alloy powders; and studies about the properties of different amorphous alloys. The text is recommended for those involved in materials science and metallurgy, especially those studying rapidly solidified metals and amorphous alloys.

Phase Transformation in Metals

Phase Transformation in Metals Book
Author : Nestor Perez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 3030491684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook explains the physics of phase transformation and associated constraints from a metallurgical or materials science point of view, based on many topics including crystallography, mass transport by diffusion, thermodynamics, heat transfer and related temperature gradients, thermal deformation, and even fracture mechanics. The work presented emphasizes solidification and related analytical models based on heat transfer. This corresponds with the most fundamental physical event of continuous evolution of latent heat of fusion for directional or non-directional liquid-to-solid phase transformation at a specific interface with a certain geometrical shape, such as planar or curved front. Dr. Perez introduces mathematical and engineering approximation schemes for describing the phase transformation, mainly during solidification of pure metals and alloys. Giving clear definitions and explanations of theoretical concepts and full detail of derivation of formulae, this interdisciplinary volume is ideal for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in applied science, and professionals in the metal making and surface reconstruction industries.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 3

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends  Volume 3 Book
Author : Avraam I. Isayev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-07
ISBN : 3527653996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. The most comprehensive source on polymer blends available on the market Offers a complete and timely overview of the topic Each article presents up to date research & development on a topic and its basic principles and applications, integrates case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and gives due reference to published and patented literature Equips academics, scientists and researchers with knowledge of fundamentals principles and their applications, and informs the engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs about the state of the art technology and its applications

Thermo Mechanical Processing of Metallic Materials

Thermo Mechanical Processing of Metallic Materials Book
Author : Bert Verlinden,Julian Driver,Indradev Samajdar,Roger D. Doherty
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-06-07
ISBN : 9780080544489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermo-Mechanical Processing of Metallic Materials describes the science and technology behind modern thermo-mechanical processing (TMP), including detailed descriptions of successful examples of its application in the industry. This graduate-level introductory resource aims to fill the gap between two scientific approaches and illustrate their successful linkage by the use of suitable modern case studies. The book is divided into three key sections focusing on the basics of metallic materials processing. The first section covers the microstructural science base of the subject, including the microstructure determined mechanical properties of metals. The second section deals with the current mechanical technology of plastic forming of metals. The concluding section demonstrates the interaction of the first two disciplines in a series of case studies of successful current TMP processing and looks ahead to possible new developments in the field. This text is designed for use by graduate students coming into the field, for a graduate course textbook, and for Materials and Mechanical Engineers working in this area in the industry. * Covers both physical metallurgy and metals processing * Links basic science to real everyday applications * Written by four internationally-known experts in the field

Intermetallic Chemistry

Intermetallic Chemistry Book
Author : Riccardo Ferro,Adriana Saccone
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0080440991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preface CHAPTER 1: Introductory survey CHAPTER 2: Phase diagrams in alloy systems CHAPTER 3: Structural characteristics of intermetallic phases CHAPTER 4: Intermetallic reactivity trends in the Periodic Table CHAPTER 5: Elements of alloying behaviour systematics CHAPTER 6: Laboratory preparation of intermetallic phases CHAPTER 7: Families of intermetallic structure types: a selection

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations Book
Author : Srikumar Banerjee,Pradip Mukhopadhyay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-05-31
ISBN : 9780080548791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The terms phase transitions and phase transformations are often used in an interchangeable manner in the metallurgical literature. In Phase Transformations, transformations driven by pressure changes, radiation and deformation and those occurring in nanoscale multilayers are brought to the fore. Order-disorder transformations, many of which constitute very good examples of continuous transformations, are dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Almost all types of phase transformations and reactions that are commonly encountered in inorganic materials are covered and the underlying thermodynamic, kinetic and crystallographic aspects elucidated. Shows readers the advancements in the field - due to enhanced computing power and superior experimental capability Drawing upon the background and the research experience of the authors, bringing together a wealth of experience Written essentially from a physical metallurgists view point

Rapidly Quenched Materials

Rapidly Quenched Materials Book
Author : H. Fredriksson,S. Savage,M. Nygren
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080984606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 327 papers in this two-volume set cover a wide range of topics concerning the production, processing and properties of rapidly quenched melts. Various techniques for the production of non-equilibrium materials are also discussed, including solid state amorphization by rapid interdiffusion and thermobaric quenching.

Mechanical and Electrical Technology IV

Mechanical and Electrical Technology IV Book
Author : Mohamed Othman
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-11-29
ISBN : 3038133159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Mechanical and Electrical Technology (ICMET 2012), held during the 24 to 26th July 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, take the form of 614 peer-reviewed papers grouped as follows: Materials Engineering; Applied Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering; Electrotechnics and Electrical Machines; Energy and Power Engineering; Measurements, Monitoring and Sensors; Electronic and Radio Engineering; Computer-Aided Design and Technology; Control and Automation; Manufacturing Processes and Technology.