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Metallurgy And Design Of Alloys With Hierarchical Microstructures

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Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Book
Author : Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-15
ISBN : 9780128120682
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties-such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials-used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Book
Author : Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-14
ISBN : 0128120258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Magnesium Technology 2020

Magnesium Technology 2020 Book
Author : J. Brian Jordon,Victoria Miller,Vineet V. Joshi,Neale R. Neelameggham
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 3030366472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Magnesium Technology Symposium, the event on which this collection is based, is one of the largest yearly gatherings of magnesium specialists in the world. Papers represent all aspects of the field, ranging from primary production to applications to recycling. Moreover, papers explore everything from basic research findings to industrialization. Magnesium Technology 2020 covers a broad spectrum of current topics, including alloys and their properties; cast products and processing; wrought products and processing; forming, joining, and machining; corrosion and surface finishing; and structural applications. In addition, there is coverage of new and emerging applications.

High Entropy Alloys

High Entropy Alloys Book
Author : B.S. Murty,Jien-Wei Yeh,S. Ranganathan,P. P. Bhattacharjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-03-16
ISBN : 0128160683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-Entropy Alloys, Second Edition provides a complete review of the current state of the field of high entropy alloys (HEA). Building upon the first edition, this fully updated release includes new theoretical understandings of these materials, highlighting recent developments on modeling and new classes of HEAs, such as Eutectic HEAs and Dual phase HEAs. Due to their unique properties, high entropy alloys have attracted considerable attention from both academics and technologists. This book presents the fundamental knowledge, the spectrum of various alloy systems and their characteristics, key focus areas, and the future scope of the field in terms of research and technological applications. Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive understanding on the current status of HEAs in terms of theoretical understanding and modeling efforts Gives a complete idea on alloy design criteria of various classes of HEAs developed so far Discusses the microstructure property correlations in HEAs in terms of structural and functional properties Presents a comparison of HEAs with other multicomponent systems, like intermetallics and bulk metallic glasses

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design Book
Author : Masahiko Morinaga
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 0128147075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design: An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method presents a molecular orbital approach to alloy design that is based on electronic structure calculations using the DV-X alpha cluster method and new alloying parameters obtained from these calculations. Topics discussed include alloy properties, such as corrosion resistance, shape memory effect and super-elasticity that are treated by using alloying parameters in biomedical titanium alloys. This book covers various topics of not only metals and alloys, but also metal oxides, hydrides and even hydrocarbons. In addition, important alloy properties, such as strength, corrosion resistance, hydrogen storage and catalysis are treated in view of electron theory. Presents alloy design theory and the atomization-energy method and its use for the fundamental understanding of materials and materials design and development Discusses, for the first time, the atomization-energy analysis of the local lattice strains introduced around alloying elements in metals Illustrates a simplified approach to predict the structure and phases stability of new alloys/materials

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X

Friction Stir Welding and Processing X Book
Author : Yuri Hovanski,Rajiv Mishra,Yutaka Sato,Piyush Upadhyay,David Yan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-11
ISBN : 3030057526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of the recent progress on friction stir technologies including high-temperature applications, industrial applications, dissimilar alloy/materials, lightweight alloys, simulation, control, characterization, and derivative technologies. The volume offers a current look at friction stir welding technology from application to characterization and from modeling to R&D. Contributions document advances in application, controls, and simulation of the friction stir process to aid researchers in seeing the current state-of-the-art.

Alloy Design and Characterization of Strengthened Nickel based Superalloys for Additive Manufacturing

Alloy Design and Characterization of       Strengthened Nickel based Superalloys for Additive Manufacturing Book
Author : Jinghao Xu
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2021-01-28
ISBN : 9179297269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nickel-based superalloys, an alloy system bases on nickel as the matrix element with the addition of up to 10 more alloying elements including chromium, aluminum, cobalt, tungsten, molybdenum, titanium, and so on. Through the development and improvement of nickel-based superalloys in the past century, they are well proved to show excellent performance at the elevated service temperature. Owing to the combination of extraordinary high-temperature mechanical properties, such as monotonic and cyclic deformation resistance, fatigue crack propagation resistance; and high-temperature chemical properties, such as corrosion and oxidation resistance, phase stability, nickel-based superalloys are widely used in the critical hot-section components in aerospace and energy generation industries. The success of nickel-based superalloy systems attributes to both the well-tailored microstructures with the assistance of carefully doped alloying elements, and the intently developed manufacturing processes. The microstructure of the modern nickel-based superalloys consists of a two-phase configuration: the intermetallic precipitates (Ni,Co)3(Al,Ti,Ta) known as γ′ phase dispersed into the austenite γ matrix, which is firstly introduced in the 1940s. The recently developed additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, acting as the disruptive manufacturing process, offers a new avenue for producing the nickel-based superalloy components with complicated geometries. However, γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloys always suffer from the micro-cracking during the AM process, which is barely eliminated by the process optimization. On this basis, the new compositions of γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloy adapted to the AM process are of great interest and significance. This study sought to design novel γ′ strengthened nickel-based superalloys readily for AM process with limited cracking susceptibility, based on the understanding of the cracking mechanisms. A two-parameter model is developed to predict the additive manufacturability for any given composition of a nickel-based superalloy. One materials index is derived from the comparison of the deformation-resistant capacity between dendritic and interdendritic regions, while another index is derived from the difference of heat resistant capacity of these two spaces. By plotting the additive manufacturability diagram, the superalloys family can be categorized into the easy-to-weld, fairly-weldable, and non-weldable regime with the good agreement of the existed knowledge. To design a novel superalloy, a Cr-Co-Mo-W-Al-Ti-Ta-Nb-Fe-Ni alloy family is proposed containing 921,600 composition recipes in total. Through the examination of additive manufacturability, undesired phase formation propensity, and the precipitation fraction, one composition of superalloy, MAD542, out of the 921,600 candidates is selected. Validation of additive manufacturability of MAD542 is carried out by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF). By optimizing the LPBF process parameters, the crack-free MAD542 part is achieved. In addition, the MAD542 superalloy shows great resistance to the post-processing treatment-induced cracking. During the post-processing treatment, extensive annealing twins are promoted to achieve the recrystallization microstructure, ensuring the rapid reduction of stored energy. After ageing treatment, up to 60-65% volume fraction of γ′ precipitates are developed, indicating the huge potential of γ′ formation. Examined by the high-temperature slow strain rate tensile and constant loading creep testing, the MAD542 superalloy shows superior strength than the LPBF processed and hot isostatic pressed plus heat-treated IN738LC superalloy. While the low ductility of MAD542 is existed, which is expected to be improved by modifying the post-processing treatment scenarios and by the adjusting building direction in the following stages of the Ph.D. research. MAD542 superalloy so far shows both good additive manufacturability and mechanical potentials. Additionally, the results in this study will contribute to a novel paradigm for alloy design and encourage more γ′-strengthened nickel-based superalloys tailored for AM processes in the future.

High Entropy Alloys

High Entropy Alloys Book
Author : T.S. Srivatsan,Manoj Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-20
ISBN : 1000046834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a cohesive overview of innovations, advances in processing and characterization, and applications for high entropy alloys (HEAs) in performance-critical and non-performance-critical sectors. It covers manufacturing and processing, advanced characterization and analysis techniques, and evaluation of mechanical and physical properties. With chapters authored by a team of internationally renowned experts, the volume includes discussions on high entropy thermoelectric materials, corrosion and thermal behavior of HEAs, improving fracture resistance, fatigue properties and high tensile strength of HEAs, HEA films, and more. This work will be of interest to academics, scientists, engineers, technologists, and entrepreneurs working in the field of materials and metals development for advanced applications. Features Addresses a broad spectrum of HEAs and related aspects, including manufacturing, processing, characterization, and properties Emphasizes the application of HEAs Aimed at researchers, engineers, and scientists working to develop materials for advanced applications T.S. Srivatsan, PhD, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Akron (Ohio, USA), earned his MS in Aerospace Engineering in 1981 and his PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 1984 from the Georgia Institute of Technology (USA). He has authored or edited 65 books, delivered over 200 technical presentations, and authored or co-authored more than 700 archival publications in journals, book chapters, book reviews, proceedings of conferences, and technical reports. His RG score is 45 with a h-index of 53 and Google Scholar citations of 9000, ranking him to be among the top 2% of researchers in the world. He is a Fellow of (i) the American Society for Materials International, (ii) the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and (iii) the American Association for Advancement of Science. Manoj Gupta, PhD, is Associate Professor of Materials at NUS, Singapore. He is a former Head of Materials Division of the Mechanical Engineering Department and Director Designate of Materials Science and Engineering Initiative at NUS, Singapore. In August 2017, he was highlighted among the Top 1% Scientists of the World by the Universal Scientific Education and Research Network and in the Top 2.5% among scientists as per ResearchGate. In 2018, he was announced as World Academy Championship Winner in the area of Biomedical Sciences by the International Agency for Standards and Ratings. A multiple award winner, he actively collaborates/visits as an invited researcher and visiting and chair professor in Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, China, the United States, and India.

Expert Systems for Engineering Design

Expert Systems for Engineering Design Book
Author : Michael Rychener
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323156215
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expert Systems for Engineering Design presents the application of expert system methods to a variety of engineering design problems. This book provides the technical details on how the methods are used to solve specific design problems in chemical engineering, civil engineering, and several others. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the synthesis, the creation, and development of alternative designs. This text then examines the nature of design expertise and the types of computer tools that can enhance the expert's decision-making. Other chapters consider the integration of tools into intelligent, cooperative frameworks. This book discusses as well the use of graphic interfaces with built-in knowledge about the designs being configured. The final chapter deals with the development of software tools for automatic design synthesis and evaluation within the integrated framework of a computer-aided mechanical design system known as CASE, which stands for computer-aided simultaneous engineering. This book is a valuable resource for engineers and architects.

Artificial Intelligence in Engineering Design

Artificial Intelligence in Engineering Design Book
Author : Gerard Meurant
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323139965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Artificial Intelligence in Engineering Design, Volume II: Models of Innovative Design, Reasoning About Physical Systems, and Reasoning About Geometry focuses on the processes, programs, techniques, and technologies involved in the employment of artificial intelligence in engineering design. The selection first takes a look at the automated reuse of design plans in BOGART and ARGO, an analogical reasoning system for solving design problems. Topics include analogy mechanisms in ARGO, analogical reasoning and learning, ARGO development environment, using VEXED to construct a design plan, and how BOGART reuses a design plan. The text then ponders on retrieval strategies in a case-based design system and case-based design, including the functions-to-structure design task in the domain of physical devices, design retrieval, proposition, and modification, and the multi-layered case representation. The publication examines mechanism comparison and classification for design; a case-based approach to the design of mechanical linkages; and studies of heuristic knowledge-based approaches for automated configuration generation and innovation. Topics include applications of stress field estimation to geometric optimization, simplification and abstraction operators, mechanism comparison and classification, linkage synthesis, analytic synthesis techniques, and system architecture. The selection is a valuable reference for readers interested in the use of artificial intelligence in engineering design.

Interface and Transport Dynamics

Interface and Transport Dynamics Book
Author : Heike Emmerich,Britta Nestler,Michael Schreckenberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662079690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the recent progress of research in computational physics and materials science. Particular topics are modelling of traffic flow and complex multi-scale solidification phenomena. The sections introduce novel research results of experts from a considerable diversity of disciplines such as physics, mathematical and computational modelling, nonlinear dynamics, materials sciences, statistical mechanics and foundry technique. The book intends to create a comprehensive and coherent image of the current research status and illustrates new simulation results of transport and interface dynamics by high resolution graphics. Various possible perspectives are formulated for future activities. Special emphasis is laid on exchanging experiences concerning numerical tools and on the bridging of the scales as is necessary in a variety of scientific and engineering applications. An interesting possibility along this line was the coupling of different computational approaches leading to hybrid simulations.

Hierarchical Materials Informatics

Hierarchical Materials Informatics Book
Author : Surya R. Kalidindi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 012410455X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Custom design, manufacture, and deployment of new high performance materials for advanced technologies is critically dependent on the availability of invertible, high fidelity, structure-property-processing (SPP) linkages. Establishing these linkages presents a major challenge because of the need to cover unimaginably large dimensional spaces. Hierarchical Materials Informatics addresses objective, computationally efficient, mining of large ensembles of experimental and modeling datasets to extract this core materials knowledge. Furthermore, it aims to organize and present this high value knowledge in highly accessible forms to end users engaged in product design and design for manufacturing efforts. As such, this emerging field has a pivotal role in realizing the goals outlined in current strategic national initiatives such as the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP). This book presents the foundational elements of this new discipline as it relates to the design, development, and deployment of hierarchical materials critical to advanced technologies. Addresses a critical gap in new materials research and development by presenting a rigorous statistical framework for the quantification of microstructure Contains several case studies illustrating the use of modern data analytic tools on microstructure datasets (both experimental and modeling)

Advances in Powder Metallurgy Particulate Materials 2006

Advances in Powder Metallurgy   Particulate Materials  2006 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Powder Metallurgy Particulate Materials 2006 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hierarchical Composite Materials

Hierarchical Composite Materials Book
Author : Kaushik Kumar,J. Paulo Davim
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 3110545101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hierarchical Composite Materials provides an in-depth analysis of a class of advanced composites that have properties that are anisotropic due to structural organization at different length scales. Chapters address how ordering occurs from the atomic-scale up to the microstructure and how control of these factors leads to the final materials' properties. Manufacturing procedures, properties, and applications of different functionally graded materials are discussed in detail. This book is ideal for materials scientists, mechanical engineers, chemists and physicists.

Transformations Selected Works of G B Olson on Materials Microstrucutre and Design

Transformations Selected Works of G B  Olson on Materials  Microstrucutre  and Design Book
Author : C.E. Campbell,M.V. Manuel,W. Xiong
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2017-10-01
ISBN : 1627081380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ASM International and The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) have collaborated to present a collection of the selected works of Dr. Greg B. Olson in honor of his 70th birthday in 2017. This collection highlights his influential contributions to the understanding of martensite transformations and the development and application of a systems design approach to materials. Part I: Martensite, with an Introduction by Sir Harry Bhadeshia, emphasizes Dr. Olson's work to develop a dislocation theory for martensite transformations, to improve the understanding of the statistical nature of martensite nucleation, and to expand use of quantitative microscopy to characterize phase transformations. Part II: Materials Design, with an Introduction by Dr. Charles Kuehmann, focuses on the application of a systems design approach to materials and the development of integrated computational design curriculum for undergraduate education. Part II includes several examples of the systems design approach to a variety of applications. The papers chosen for this collection were selected by the editors with input from Dr. Olson.

Metallurgical Transactions

Metallurgical Transactions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metallurgical Transactions book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials Fracture Fatigue Failure and Damage Evolution Volume 2

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials  Fracture  Fatigue  Failure and Damage Evolution  Volume 2 Book
Author : Meredith Silberstein,Alireza Amirkhizi,Xia Shuman,Allison Beese,Ryan B. Berke,Garrett Pataky
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-12-05
ISBN : 3030299864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, Volume 2 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the second volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers in the following general technical research areas: Characterization Across Length Scales Extreme Conditions & Environmental Effects Soft Materials and Biomaterials Damage, Fatigue and Fracture Structure, Function and Performance Rate Effects in Elastomers Viscoelasticity & Viscoplasticity Research in Progress In-situ Techniques and Microscale Effects on Mechanical Behavior Fracture and Fatigue in Brittle Materials Novel Experimental Methods Fatigue and Fracture in Extreme Environments Integration of Models and Experiments Failure in Elastomers and Gels Rate Effects in Elastomers Microscale and Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior Mechanics of Energy Materials Additive Manufacturing: Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Composite Materials Interfacial and Mixed-Mode Fracture Vibration Effects and High Cycle Fatigue

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures Book
Author : Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351867962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Manufacturing and Processing of Materials and Structures cover the latest advances in materials and structures in manufacturing and processing including additive and subtractive processes. It's intended to provide a compiled resource that reviews details of the advances that have been made in recent years in manufacturing and processing of materials and structures. A key development incorporated within this book is 3D printing, which is being used to produce complex parts including composites with odd shape fibers, as well as tissue and body organs. This book has been tailored for engineers, scientists and practitioners in different fields such as aerospace, mechanical engineering, materials science and biomedicine. Biomimetic principles have also been integrated. Features Provides the latest state-of-the art on different manufacturing processes, including a biomimetics viewpoint Offers broad coverage of advances in materials and manufacturing Written by chapter authors who are world-class researchers in their respective fields Provides in-depth presentation of the latest 3D and 4D technologies related to various manufacturing disciplines Provides substantial references in each chapter to enhance further study

Annual Research Review

Annual Research Review Book
Author : Carnegie-Mellon University. Robotics Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Research Review book written by Carnegie-Mellon University. Robotics Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Robotics Institute Annual Research Review

The Robotics Institute       Annual Research Review Book
Author : Carnegie-Mellon University. Robotics Institute
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Robotics Institute Annual Research Review book written by Carnegie-Mellon University. Robotics Institute, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.