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Metallic Multilayers And Their Applications

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Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book
Author : Gayanath Fernando
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9780080559681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

Metallic Multilayers

Metallic Multilayers Book
Author : A. Chamberod,J. Hillairet
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 303570452X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a series of lectures given in a Summer School held in Aussois (France) in September 1989. It offers a global perspective on the current state-of-the-art in the rapidly emerging field of metallic multilayered structures.

New Trends in Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

New Trends in Magnetism  Magnetic Materials  and Their Applications Book
Author : J.L. Morán-López,José M. Sánchez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489913343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During August 24-27, 1993, approximately 60 scientists from the Americas, Europe and Japan, gathered in the city of Guanajuato, in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico, at the II Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications. The group of scientists converging into the beautiful city of Guanajuato had come from Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Cuba, several places in Mexico, U. S. A. , Japan, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark. The event attested to the success of the previous Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications, held in Havana, Cuba, in 1991, as well as to the interest, level of activity and quality of the work being carried out in Latin America in the area of magnetism and magnetic materials. Equally important to everyone present was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Professor L. M. Falicov, on his sixtieth birthday. The choice of a Latin American Workshop on magnetism as a Festschrift for Leo Falicov was, in our opinion, quite appropriate not only because of Leo's strong ties to Latin America, but also because of his superb contributions to science, and in particular, to magnetism. Professor Falicov was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he spent a good part of his formative years.

Physics Fabrication and Applications of Multilayered Structures

Physics  Fabrication  and Applications of Multilayered Structures Book
Author : Claude Weisbuch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1475700911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low-dimensional materials are of fundamental interest in physics and chemistry and have also found a wide variety of technological applica tions in fields ranging from microelectronics to optics. Since 1986, several seminars and summer schools devoted to low-dimensional systems have been supported by NATO. The present one, Physics, Fabrication and Applications of Multilayered structures, brought together specialists from different fields in order to review fabrication techniques, charac terization methods, physics and applications. Artificially layered materials are attractive because alternately layering two (or more) elements, by evaporation or sputtering, is a way to obtain new materials with (hopefully) new physical properties that pure materials or alloys do not allow. These new possibilities can be ob tained in electronic transport, optics, magnetism or the reflectivity of x-rays and slow neutrons. By changing the components and the thickness of the layers one can track continuously how the new properties appear and follow the importance of the multilayer structure of the materials. In addition, with their large number of interfaces the study of inter face properties becomes easier in multilayered structures than in mono layers or bilayers. As a rule, the role of the interface quality, and also the coupling between layers, increases as the thickness of the layer decreases. Several applications at the development stage require layer thicknesses of just a few atomic layers.

Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Magnetism  Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : F Leccabue,V Sagredo
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996-08-22
ISBN : 9814547638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collection of the papers presented at the III Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and Their Applications (Mérida, Venezuela, 20–24 November 1995), following those held in La Habana (Cuba) in 1991 and Guanajuato (México) in 1993. Recent research on magnetic materials with particular reference to fundamental properties, materials preparation and characterisation techniques, and applications are discussed in this volume. Contents:Magnetism in Finite Size Ising Aggregates (F Aguilera-Granja & J L Morán-López)Magnetic Anisotropy in Thin Films (D Givord & O F K McGrath)Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy in Rare Earth Intermetallics (M R Ibarra et al)Ferromagnetism vs Kondo Effect in Normal and Superconducting CeTyX4-y (J G Sereni et al)Magnetic Phase Transition and Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy of Rare-Earth Transition-Metal Alloys (R Grössinger & X C Kou)Giant Magnetoresistance and Related Effects in Multilayer and Granular Magnetic Materials for Practical Applications (N M Baibich)Magnetic Properties of Dilute PdMn Alloys (R E Parra & A C González)TbFe Amorphous Thin Films. Structural, Magnetic and Magnetoelastic Studies (A Hernando et al)Nanophase Exchange Coupled Alloys with Enhanced Hard Magnetic Properties (H A Davies)Exchange Interactions in Ferrimagnetic Rare Earth-Transition Metal Multilayers (A M Ayres & E E Marinero)Superparamagnetic Relaxation in Interacting γ-Fe2O3 Particles (D Fiorani et al)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al)Non-Frustrated Domains in Ising Lattices with Competing Interactions (E E Vogel et al)Thermomagnetic and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Nd3Fe29-xTix and (Nd1-xYx)3Fe27.3Ti1.7 Alloys (J L Sánchez et al)Electron Paramagnetic Resonance above the Ordering Temperature in La1-xCaxMnO3+δ (S B Oseroff et al)Spin-Polarisation at Cr/Fe and Mn/Fe Interfaces (C Demangeat et al)Interplay of Segregation, Phase Separation and Magnetism in Cobalt-Copper Slabs (A Díaz-Ortíz et al)High Temperature Behaviour of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Materials (R Grössinger et al)Preparation of Magnetic Oxide Thin Films (F Leccabue et al)Magnetic Interactions in Enhanced-Remanence Permanent Magnets (F P Missell et al)and other papers Readership: Professionals in the fields of physics, materials science and engineering. keywords:Magnetism;Magnetic;Material;Thin Film;Kondo;Amorphous;Metal

Magnetic Perovskites

Magnetic Perovskites Book
Author : Asish K Kundu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-11
ISBN : 8132227611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic perovskite with multi functional properties (magneto-resistive, magneto-dielectric, multiferroics, spintronics, etc.) have attracted increasing attention due to their possible applications towards storage materials and intriguing fundamental Physics. Despite the numerous investigations on multi functional materials in the past few years, a very few magnetic perovskites have been known to realize as ferromagnetic-insulators. In perovskites centred transition metal oxides strong interplay between lattice, charge, spin and/or orbital degrees of freedom provide a fantastic playground to tune their physical properties. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the phenomenon and physics of complex magnetism (phase separation, spin glass, frustrations, etc.) in perovskite manganites and cobaltites via an experimental approach. The book is organized into four chapters; Chap. 1 gives a brief introduction of various interesting phenomena in magnetic perovskites. Chapter 2 describes the results of the investigations on electronic phase separation and glassy ferromagnetism of the hole-doped perovskite manganites and cobaltites. Ordered and disordered effects and related aspects in hole-doped perovskite cobaltites are described in Chap. 3. Finally, in Chap. 4 the bismuth based magnetic perovskite is discussed.

Electronic Structure and Physical Properties of Solids

Electronic Structure and Physical Properties of Solids Book
Author : Hugues Dreysse
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-04-14
ISBN : 3540672389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A very comprehensive book, enabling the reader to understand the basic formalisms used in electronic structure determination and particularly the "Muffin Tin Orbitals" methods. The latest developments are presented, providing a very detailed description of the "Full Potential" schemes. This book will provide a real state of the art, since almost all of the contributions on formalism have not been, and will not be, published elsewhere. This book will become a standard reference volume. Moreover, applications in very active fields of today's research on magnetism are presented. A wide spectrum of such questions is covered by this book. For instance, the paper on interlayer exchange coupling should become a "classic", since there has been fantastic experimental activity for 10 years and this can be considered to be the "final" theoretical answer to this question. This work has never been presented in such a complete form.

Magnetism

Magnetism Book
Author : Joel S. Miller,Marc Drillon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527605401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic phenomena and materials are everywhere. Our understanding of magnetic behavior, once thought to be mature, has enjoyed new impetus from contributions ranging from molecular chemistry, materials chemistry and sciences to solid state physics. New phenomena are explored that open promising perspectives for commercial applications in future - carrying out chemical reactions in magnetic fields is just one of those. The spectrum spans molecule-based - organic, (bio)inorganic, and hybrid - compounds, metallic materials as well as their oxides forming thin films, nanoparticles, wires etc. Reflecting contemporary knowledge, this open series of volumes provides a much-needed comprehensive overview of this growing interdisciplinary field. Topical reviews written by foremost scientists explain the trends and latest advances in a clear and detailed way. By maintaining the balance between theory and experiment, the book provides a guide for both advanced students and specialists to this research area. It will help evaluate their own experimental observations and serve as a basis for the design of new magnetic materials. A unique reference work, indispensable for everyone concerned with the phenomena of magnetism!

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Bekir Aktas,Lenar Tagirov,Faik Mikailov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-07-27
ISBN : 9781402020049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Istanbul, Turkey, 1-4 July 2003

Introduction to Complex Mediums for Optics and Electromagnetics

Introduction to Complex Mediums for Optics and Electromagnetics Book
Author : Werner S. Weiglhofer,Akhlesh Lakhtakia
Publisher : SPIE Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780819449474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex-mediums electromagnetics (CME) describes the study of electromagnetic fields in materials with complicated response properties. This truly multidisciplinary field commands the attentions of scientists from physics and optics to electrical and electronic engineering, from chemistry to materials science, to applied mathematics, biophysics, and nanotechnology. This book is a collection of essays to explain complex mediums for optical and electromagnetic applications. All contributors were requested to write with two aims: first, to educate; second, to provide a state-of-the-art review of a particular subtopic. The vast scope of CME exemplified by the actual materials covered in the essays should provide a plethora of opportunities to the novice and the initiated alike.

Magnetic Ultrathin Films Multilayers and Surfaces Volume 384

Magnetic Ultrathin Films  Multilayers and Surfaces  Volume 384 Book
Author : E. E. Marinero,A. Fert,H. Fujimori,G. Guntherodt,B. Heinrich,W.F. Egelhoff, Jr.,R. L. White
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1995-11-02
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Materials Science and Technology Processing of Metals and Alloys

Materials Science and Technology  Processing of Metals and Alloys Book
Author : Robert W. Cahn,Peter Haasen,E. J. Kramer
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 1996-12-16
ISBN : 9783527268283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The properties of metals and alloys, and thus their effectiveness in applications, are closely related to the processing methods applied. Metallurgists and other technologists involved with metals and alloys are provided with a unique overview of processing techniques and their effects. From the Contents: Flemings: Solidification Processing. Suryanarayana: Rapid Solidification. Mordike: Surface Modification by Lasers. Arunachalam/Sundaresan: Powder Metallurgy. Koch: Mechanical Milling and Alloying. Follstaedt: Ion Implantation and Ion-Beam Mixing. Pashley: The Epitaxy of Metals. Somekh/Greer: Metallic Multilayers. Humphreys: Recrystallization and Recovery. Cahn: Measurement and Control of Texture. de Bonte/Roos/Celis: Electrodeposition of Metals and Alloys. Sahm/Keller: Solidification Processing Under Microgravity. Siegel: Cluster Assembly of Nanophase Materials.

Magnetic Multilayers and Giant Magnetoresistance

Magnetic Multilayers and Giant Magnetoresistance Book
Author : U. Hartmann,R. Coehoorn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000-01-07
ISBN : 9783540655688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unified overview of recent progress in a growing, multi-disciplinary field places special emphasis on the industrial applications of magnetic multilayered materials. The text describes a wide range of physical aspects, together with experimental and theoretical methods.

Functional Oxides

Functional Oxides Book
Author : Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 9781119972945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.

Ultrathin Magnetic Structures I

Ultrathin Magnetic Structures I Book
Author : J.A.C. Bland,Bretislav Heinrich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-01-16
ISBN : 9783540272328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ability to understand and control the unique properties of interfaces has created an entirely new field of magnetism, with profound impact in technology and serving as the basis for a revolution in electronics. Our understanding of the physics of magnetic nanostructures has also advanced significantly. This rapid development has generated a need for a comprehensive treatment that can serve as an introduction to the field for those entering it from diverse fields, but which will also serve as a timely overview for those already working in this area. The four-volume work Ultra-Thin Magnetic Structures aims to fulfill this dual need. The original two volumes – now available once more – are An Introduction to the Electronic, Magnetic and Structural Properties (this volume) and "Measurement Techniques and Novel Magnetic Properties." Two new volumes, "Fundamentals of Nanomagnetism" and "Applications of Nanomagnetism," extend and complete this comprehensive work by presenting the foundations of spintronics.

Spin Dependent Transport in Magnetic Nanostructures

Spin Dependent Transport in Magnetic Nanostructures Book
Author : Sadamichi Maekawa,Teruya Shinjo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-07-11
ISBN : 9781420024579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In magnetic systems of nano-meter size, the interplay between spin and charge of electrons provides unique transport phenomena. In magnetic superlattices, magnetic and non-magnetic metallic thin films with thickness of the order of one nano-meter are piled-up alternately. Since the discovery of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in these superlattices in 1988, spin dependent transport phenomena in magnetic nanostructures have received much attention from both academic and technological points of view. Ferromagnetic tunnel junctions made of ferromagnetic metal electrodes and a very thin insulating barrier between them are also of current interest as magnetoresistive devices, where the tunneling current depends on the relative orientation of magnetization (TMR). In addition to magnetic superlattices and magnetic tunnel junctions, magnetic granular systems and magnetic dots have been studied extensively as magnetoresistive systems. Edited by two of the world's leading authorities, Spin Dependent Transport in Magnetic Nanostructures introduces and explains the basic physics and applications of a variety of spin-dependent transport phenomena in magnetic nanostructures with particular emphasis on magnetic multilayers and magnetic tunnel junctions.