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Metallic Multilayers And Their Applications

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Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book
Author : Gayanath Fernando
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9780080559681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

New Trends in Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

New Trends in Magnetism  Magnetic Materials  and Their Applications Book
Author : J.L. Morán-López,José M. Sánchez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489913343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During August 24-27, 1993, approximately 60 scientists from the Americas, Europe and Japan, gathered in the city of Guanajuato, in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico, at the II Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications. The group of scientists converging into the beautiful city of Guanajuato had come from Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Cuba, several places in Mexico, U. S. A. , Japan, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark. The event attested to the success of the previous Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications, held in Havana, Cuba, in 1991, as well as to the interest, level of activity and quality of the work being carried out in Latin America in the area of magnetism and magnetic materials. Equally important to everyone present was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Professor L. M. Falicov, on his sixtieth birthday. The choice of a Latin American Workshop on magnetism as a Festschrift for Leo Falicov was, in our opinion, quite appropriate not only because of Leo's strong ties to Latin America, but also because of his superb contributions to science, and in particular, to magnetism. Professor Falicov was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he spent a good part of his formative years.

Magnetic Multilayers

Magnetic Multilayers Book
Author : L H Bennett,R E Watson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1994-12-16
ISBN : 9814571067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on an increasingly important area of materials science and technology, namely, the fabrication and properties of artificial materials where slabs of magnetized materials are sandwiched between slabs of nonmagnetized materials. It includes reviews by experts on the theory and descriptions of the various experimental techniques such as those using nuclear or electron spin probes, as well as optical, X-ray or neutron probes. It also reviews potential applications such as the giant magnetoresistance, and one specialized preparation technique, the electrodeposition. The various chapters are tutorial in nature, making the subject accessible to nonspecialists, as well as useful to researchers in the field. Contents: Application of Magnetic Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Magnetic Coupling in Metallic Multilayers (Y Yafet)First-Principles Calculations of Magnetic Interfaces and Multilayers (M Weinert ' S Blügel)Influence of Imperfections on the Magnetic Properties of Fe/Ag Films and Multilayers (J Pirnay et al.)NMR Studies on Magnetic Multilayers (H A M de Gronckel ' W J M de Jonge)Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Magnetic Multilayers (Ch Sauer ' W Zinn)Resonance in Coupled Ferromagnetic Layer Structures (P E Wigen)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al.)Magneto-Optical Spectra in Multilayers (K Sato)Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Magnetic Multilayers (C F Majkrzak et al.)Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) in Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Electrodeposited Magnetic Multilayers (M P Dariel et al.) Readership: Graduate students, professional researchers and well-educated others (eg. contract officers). keywords:Magnetic Multilayers;Circular Dichroism;Giant Magnetoresistance;Magnetic Interfaces;Magnetic Multilayers: Effect of Imperfections;Conversion Electron Mossbauer Spectroscopy;Multilayer Magnetic Coupling;Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy;Neutron Diffraction;Magnetic Xray Diffraction;Magnetic Multilayer Fabrication;Supermirrors;Magnetic Recording;RKKY Coupling;Nuclear Magnetic Resonance;Ferromagnetic Resonance

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices Book
Author : E. Hirota,H. Sakakima,K. Inomata
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662047772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of the first application-orientated books on the subject. The main topics are magnetic sensors with high resolutions and magnetic read heads with high sensitivities, required for hard-disk drives with recording densities of several gigabytes. Another important subject is novel magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) with non-volatile non-destructive and radiation-hard characteristics.

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers Book
Author : Randolph Quentin Hood
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Magnetic Metallic Multilayers book written by Randolph Quentin Hood, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization Book
Author : Chi-hau Chen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9812704094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrasonic methods have been very popular in nondestructive testing and characterization of materials. This book deals with both industrial ultrasound and medical ultrasound. The advantages of ultrasound include flexibility, low cost, in-line operation, and providing data in both signal and image formats for further analysis. The book devotes 11 chapters to ultrasonic methods. However, ultrasonic methods can be much less effective with some applications. So the book also has 14 chapters catering to other or advanced methods for nondestructive testing or material characterization. Topics like structural health monitoring, Terahertz methods, X-ray and thermography methods are presented. Besides different sensors for nondestructive testing, the book places much emphasis on signal/image processing and pattern recognition of the signals acquired.

Magnetic Perovskites

Magnetic Perovskites Book
Author : Asish K Kundu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-11
ISBN : 8132227611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic perovskite with multi functional properties (magneto-resistive, magneto-dielectric, multiferroics, spintronics, etc.) have attracted increasing attention due to their possible applications towards storage materials and intriguing fundamental Physics. Despite the numerous investigations on multi functional materials in the past few years, a very few magnetic perovskites have been known to realize as ferromagnetic-insulators. In perovskites centred transition metal oxides strong interplay between lattice, charge, spin and/or orbital degrees of freedom provide a fantastic playground to tune their physical properties. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the phenomenon and physics of complex magnetism (phase separation, spin glass, frustrations, etc.) in perovskite manganites and cobaltites via an experimental approach. The book is organized into four chapters; Chap. 1 gives a brief introduction of various interesting phenomena in magnetic perovskites. Chapter 2 describes the results of the investigations on electronic phase separation and glassy ferromagnetism of the hole-doped perovskite manganites and cobaltites. Ordered and disordered effects and related aspects in hole-doped perovskite cobaltites are described in Chap. 3. Finally, in Chap. 4 the bismuth based magnetic perovskite is discussed.

Materials Science and Technology

Materials Science and Technology Book
Author : Robert W. Cahn,Peter Haasen,Edward J. Kramer
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume, part of an extended work on materials science, is specifically concerned with the subject area of the processing of metals and alloys. The book is extensively illustrated.

Electronic Structure and Physical Properties of Solids

Electronic Structure and Physical Properties of Solids Book
Author : Hugues Dreysse
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2008-01-11
ISBN : 3540464379
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A very comprehensive book, enabling the reader to understand the basic formalisms used in electronic structure determination and particularly the "Muffin Tin Orbitals" methods. The latest developments are presented, providing a very detailed description of the "Full Potential" schemes. This book will provide a real state of the art, since almost all of the contributions on formalism have not been, and will not be, published elsewhere. This book will become a standard reference volume. Moreover, applications in very active fields of today's research on magnetism are presented. A wide spectrum of such questions is covered by this book. For instance, the paper on interlayer exchange coupling should become a "classic", since there has been fantastic experimental activity for 10 years and this can be considered to be the "final" theoretical answer to this question. This work has never been presented in such a complete form.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Magnetic Ultrathin Films Multilayers and Surfaces Volume 384

Magnetic Ultrathin Films  Multilayers and Surfaces  Volume 384 Book
Author : E. E. Marinero,A. Fert,H. Fujimori,G. Guntherodt,B. Heinrich,W.F. Egelhoff, Jr.,R. L. White
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995-11-02
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Functional Oxides

Functional Oxides Book
Author : Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-03-29
ISBN : 9781119972945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.

Advances in Chemistry

Advances in Chemistry Book
Author : J Gopalakrishnan,G U Kulkarni
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2003-09-12
ISBN : 9814485055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable book comprises assorted recent papers of Professor C N R Rao, a well-known chemist. It presents current trends in materials chemistry and physics, offering in-depth information to young researchers and pleasant reading to experts. Advances in Chemistry brings out the single-minded dedication of Professor Rao to the promotion of science. Contents:Highlights of Materials ChemistryTransition Metal Oxides (Including Cuprate Superconductors)Colossal Magnetoresistance, Charge Ordering and Related Aspects of Rare Earth ManganatesNanoparticlesNanotubes and NanowiresMolecular SolidsPorous SolidsOpen Framework Materials Readership: Students and researchers in industry and academia. Keywords:Metal Oxides;Magnetoresistance;Nanoparticles;Molecular Solids;Porous Solids

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Nanostructured Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : Donglu Shi,Bekir Aktas,Ladisvlav Pust,Faik Mikailov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2008-01-11
ISBN : 3540368728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films Book
Author : Janos H. Fendler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-21
ISBN : 3527612068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this concise handbook leading experts give a broad overview of the latest developments in this emerging and fascinating field of nano-sized materials. Coverage includes new techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles as well as an in-depth treatment of their characterization and chemical and physical properties. The future applications of these advanced materials are also discussed. The wealth of information included makes this an invaluable guide for graduate students as well as scientists in materials science, chemistry or physics - looking for a comprehensive treatment of the topic.

MEMS A Practical Guide of Design Analysis and Applications

MEMS  A Practical Guide of Design  Analysis  and Applications Book
Author : Jan Korvink,Oliver Paul
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-05-28
ISBN : 3540336559
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A new generation of MEMS books has emerged with this cohesive guide on the design and analysis of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Leading experts contribute to its eighteen chapters that encompass a wide range of innovative and varied applications. This publication goes beyond fabrication techniques covered by earlier books and fills a void created by a lack of industry standards. Subjects such as transducer operations and free-space microsystems are contained in its chapters. Satisfying a demand for literature on analysis and design of microsystems the book deals with a broad array of industrial applications. This will interest engineering and research scientists in industry and academia.

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing

Parallel Algorithms and Cluster Computing Book
Author : Karl Heinz Hoffmann,Arnd Meyer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-24
ISBN : 3540335412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents advances in high performance computing as well as advances accomplished using high performance computing. It contains a collection of papers presenting results achieved in the collaboration of scientists from computer science, mathematics, physics, and mechanical engineering. From science problems to mathematical algorithms and on to the effective implementation of these algorithms on massively parallel and cluster computers, the book presents state-of-the-art methods and technology, and exemplary results in these fields.

Colossal Magnetoresistance Charge Ordering and Related Properties of Manganese Oxides

Colossal Magnetoresistance  Charge Ordering and Related Properties of Manganese Oxides Book
Author : Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao,Bernard Raveau
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9789810232764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxides constitute one of the most amazing classes of materials with a wide range of properties. They exhibit a variety of phenomena, such as ferroelectricity, ferromagnetism and superconductivity. A new aspect of metal oxides -- colossal magnetoresistance exhibited by certain manganese oxides, in particular rare earth manganates of perovskite structure -- has received much attention in the last four years. Some of these oxides show 100% magnetoresistance and have much potential for technological applications. Previously this phenomenon was found only in layered and granular metallic materials. Studies of colossal magnetoresistance have led to the discovery of many other new phenomena and properties such as charge ordering and orbital ordering. In view of the importance of colossal magnetoresistance, charge ordering and related phenomena exhibited by oxides to the physics and chemistry of solid materials, it is necessary and timely to have a book dealing with these topics. This book begins with a review of the subject followed by contributions from a number of experts which cover the present status of the subject.