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Metallic Multilayers And Their Applications

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Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book
Author : Gayanath Fernando
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9780080559681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

Metallic Multilayers at the Nanoscale

Metallic Multilayers at the Nanoscale Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of multilayer structures has been driven by a wide range of commercial applications requiring enhanced material behaviors. Innovations in physical vapor deposition technologies, in particular magnetron sputtering, have enabled the synthesis of metallic-based structures with nanoscaled layer dimensions as small as one-to-two monolayers. Parameters used in the deposition process are paramount to the Formation of these small layer dimensions and the stability of the structure. Therefore, optimization of the desired material properties must be related to assessment of the actual microstructure. Characterization techniques as x-ray diffraction and high resolution microscopy are useful to reveal the interface and layer structure-whether ordered or disordered crystalline, amorphous, compositionally abrupt or graded, and/or lattice strained Techniques for the synthesis of metallic multilayers with subnanometric layers will be reviewed with applications based on enhancing material behaviors as reflectivity and magnetic anisotropy but with emphasis on experimental studies of mechanical properties.

Metallic Multilayers

Metallic Multilayers Book
Author : A. Chamberod,J. Hillairet
Publisher : Trans Tech Publication
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains a series of lectures given in a Summer School held in Aussois (France) in September 1989. It offers a global perspective on the current state-of-the-art in the rapidly emerging field of metallic multilayered structures.

New Trends in Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

New Trends in Magnetism  Magnetic Materials  and Their Applications Book
Author : J.L. Morán-López,José M. Sánchez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489913343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During August 24-27, 1993, approximately 60 scientists from the Americas, Europe and Japan, gathered in the city of Guanajuato, in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico, at the II Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications. The group of scientists converging into the beautiful city of Guanajuato had come from Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Cuba, several places in Mexico, U. S. A. , Japan, Spain, France, Italy, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark. The event attested to the success of the previous Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and their Applications, held in Havana, Cuba, in 1991, as well as to the interest, level of activity and quality of the work being carried out in Latin America in the area of magnetism and magnetic materials. Equally important to everyone present was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Professor L. M. Falicov, on his sixtieth birthday. The choice of a Latin American Workshop on magnetism as a Festschrift for Leo Falicov was, in our opinion, quite appropriate not only because of Leo's strong ties to Latin America, but also because of his superb contributions to science, and in particular, to magnetism. Professor Falicov was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he spent a good part of his formative years.

Investigation of Metal Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Polyelectrolyte Multilayers for Catalytic and Antibacterial Applications

Investigation of Metal Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Polyelectrolyte Multilayers for Catalytic and Antibacterial Applications Book
Author : Srividhya Kidambi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Investigation of Metal Nanoparticles Encapsulated in Polyelectrolyte Multilayers for Catalytic and Antibacterial Applications book written by Srividhya Kidambi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Magnetic Multilayers

Magnetic Multilayers Book
Author : L H Bennett,R E Watson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1994-12-16
ISBN : 9814571067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on an increasingly important area of materials science and technology, namely, the fabrication and properties of artificial materials where slabs of magnetized materials are sandwiched between slabs of nonmagnetized materials. It includes reviews by experts on the theory and descriptions of the various experimental techniques such as those using nuclear or electron spin probes, as well as optical, X-ray or neutron probes. It also reviews potential applications such as the giant magnetoresistance, and one specialized preparation technique, the electrodeposition. The various chapters are tutorial in nature, making the subject accessible to nonspecialists, as well as useful to researchers in the field. Contents: Application of Magnetic Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Magnetic Coupling in Metallic Multilayers (Y Yafet)First-Principles Calculations of Magnetic Interfaces and Multilayers (M Weinert ' S Blügel)Influence of Imperfections on the Magnetic Properties of Fe/Ag Films and Multilayers (J Pirnay et al.)NMR Studies on Magnetic Multilayers (H A M de Gronckel ' W J M de Jonge)Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Magnetic Multilayers (Ch Sauer ' W Zinn)Resonance in Coupled Ferromagnetic Layer Structures (P E Wigen)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al.)Magneto-Optical Spectra in Multilayers (K Sato)Neutron and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Magnetic Multilayers (C F Majkrzak et al.)Giant Magnetoresistance (GMR) in Multilayers (M Pardavi-Horvath)Electrodeposited Magnetic Multilayers (M P Dariel et al.) Readership: Graduate students, professional researchers and well-educated others (eg. contract officers). keywords:Magnetic Multilayers;Circular Dichroism;Giant Magnetoresistance;Magnetic Interfaces;Magnetic Multilayers: Effect of Imperfections;Conversion Electron Mossbauer Spectroscopy;Multilayer Magnetic Coupling;Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy;Neutron Diffraction;Magnetic Xray Diffraction;Magnetic Multilayer Fabrication;Supermirrors;Magnetic Recording;RKKY Coupling;Nuclear Magnetic Resonance;Ferromagnetic Resonance

Multilayer Optics for Advanced X ray Applications

Multilayer Optics for Advanced X ray Applications Book
Author : Natale M. Ceglio
Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multilayer Optics for Advanced X ray Applications book written by Natale M. Ceglio, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Magnetism Magnetic Materials and Their Applications

Magnetism  Magnetic Materials and Their Applications Book
Author : F Leccabue,V Sagredo
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996-08-22
ISBN : 9814547638
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is a collection of the papers presented at the III Latin American Workshop on Magnetism, Magnetic Materials and Their Applications (Mérida, Venezuela, 20–24 November 1995), following those held in La Habana (Cuba) in 1991 and Guanajuato (México) in 1993. Recent research on magnetic materials with particular reference to fundamental properties, materials preparation and characterisation techniques, and applications are discussed in this volume. Contents:Magnetism in Finite Size Ising Aggregates (F Aguilera-Granja & J L Morán-López)Magnetic Anisotropy in Thin Films (D Givord & O F K McGrath)Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy in Rare Earth Intermetallics (M R Ibarra et al)Ferromagnetism vs Kondo Effect in Normal and Superconducting CeTyX4-y (J G Sereni et al)Magnetic Phase Transition and Magnetocrystalline Anisotropy of Rare-Earth Transition-Metal Alloys (R Grössinger & X C Kou)Giant Magnetoresistance and Related Effects in Multilayer and Granular Magnetic Materials for Practical Applications (N M Baibich)Magnetic Properties of Dilute PdMn Alloys (R E Parra & A C González)TbFe Amorphous Thin Films. Structural, Magnetic and Magnetoelastic Studies (A Hernando et al)Nanophase Exchange Coupled Alloys with Enhanced Hard Magnetic Properties (H A Davies)Exchange Interactions in Ferrimagnetic Rare Earth-Transition Metal Multilayers (A M Ayres & E E Marinero)Superparamagnetic Relaxation in Interacting γ-Fe2O3 Particles (D Fiorani et al)Magnetic Circular X-Ray Dichroism (F Baudelet et al)Non-Frustrated Domains in Ising Lattices with Competing Interactions (E E Vogel et al)Thermomagnetic and X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of Nd3Fe29-xTix and (Nd1-xYx)3Fe27.3Ti1.7 Alloys (J L Sánchez et al)Electron Paramagnetic Resonance above the Ordering Temperature in La1-xCaxMnO3+δ (S B Oseroff et al)Spin-Polarisation at Cr/Fe and Mn/Fe Interfaces (C Demangeat et al)Interplay of Segregation, Phase Separation and Magnetism in Cobalt-Copper Slabs (A Díaz-Ortíz et al)High Temperature Behaviour of Amorphous and Nanocrystalline Soft Magnetic Materials (R Grössinger et al)Preparation of Magnetic Oxide Thin Films (F Leccabue et al)Magnetic Interactions in Enhanced-Remanence Permanent Magnets (F P Missell et al)and other papers Readership: Professionals in the fields of physics, materials science and engineering. keywords:Magnetism;Magnetic;Material;Thin Film;Kondo;Amorphous;Metal

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices

Giant Magneto Resistance Devices Book
Author : E. Hirota,H. Sakakima,K. Inomata
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662047772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of the first application-orientated books on the subject. The main topics are magnetic sensors with high resolutions and magnetic read heads with high sensitivities, required for hard-disk drives with recording densities of several gigabytes. Another important subject is novel magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) with non-volatile non-destructive and radiation-hard characteristics.

Metallic Films for Electronic Optical and Magnetic Applications

Metallic Films for Electronic  Optical and Magnetic Applications Book
Author : Katayun Barmak,Kevin Coffey
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 085709629X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallic films play an important role in modern technologies such as integrated circuits, information storage, displays, sensors, and coatings. Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications reviews the structure, processing and properties of metallic films. Part one explores the structure of metallic films using characterization methods such as x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. This part also encompasses the processing of metallic films, including structure formation during deposition and post-deposition reactions and phase transformations. Chapters in part two focus on the properties of metallic films, including mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties. Metallic Films for Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Applications is a technical resource for electronics components manufacturers, scientists, and engineers working in the semiconductor industry, product developers of sensors, displays, and other optoelectronic devices, and academics working in the field. Explores the structure of metallic films using characterization methods such as x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy Discusses processing of metallic films, including structure formation during deposition and post-deposition reactions and phase transformations Focuses on the properties of metallic films, including mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties

Industrial and Technological Applications of Neutrons

Industrial and Technological Applications of Neutrons Book
Author : M. Fontana,F. Rustichelli,R. Coppola,Società italiana di fisica
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Owing to the construction of intense neutron sources and to the remarkable progress in acquisition and elaboration equipment, neutron scattering techniques have been employed more and more not only in basic research, but also in technological areas and for the solution of specific industrial problems. This is shown by the saturation of neutron beam time available at the main European sources and by an analysis of the users' distribibution. Furthermore, the condensed-matter scientific community uses neutron scattering much more often now as a reference method and as an irreplaceable complement to other already well-established investigation techniques. The aim of this Enrico Fermi course, on which the book is based, is to provide an up-to-date picture of the main results obtained (or obtainable) by means of neutron techniques in applied research. Emphasis is placed on the information and help these techniques can offer in some major areas of condensed-matter physics and materials science and to their possible developments in the near future. The volume is basically organised in topical subjects: for each one a brief introduction to the fundamentals is given, followed by examples of the concrete or potential applications. The first half deals mainly with applications of neutron scattering to materials science (metallurgy, magnetic materials, superconductors), while the second half mainly deals with polymers, micellar fluids, interfaces and liquid crystals.

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization

Ultrasonic and Advanced Methods for Nondestructive Testing and Material Characterization Book
Author : Chi-hau Chen
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9812704094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrasonic methods have been very popular in nondestructive testing and characterization of materials. This book deals with both industrial ultrasound and medical ultrasound. The advantages of ultrasound include flexibility, low cost, in-line operation, and providing data in both signal and image formats for further analysis. The book devotes 11 chapters to ultrasonic methods. However, ultrasonic methods can be much less effective with some applications. So the book also has 14 chapters catering to other or advanced methods for nondestructive testing or material characterization. Topics like structural health monitoring, Terahertz methods, X-ray and thermography methods are presented. Besides different sensors for nondestructive testing, the book places much emphasis on signal/image processing and pattern recognition of the signals acquired.

Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry

Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry Book
Author : Floyd D. McDaniel,Barney L. Doyle
Publisher : Amer Inst of Physics
Release : 2009-04-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All papers have been peer-reviewed. The conference brings together scientists and physicians from universities, national laboratories, research institutes and industry worldwide who use particle accelerators in their research, medical and industrial applications. The topics presented at the conference included accelerator technology and applications, atomic/nuclear physics, national and homeland security, ion beam analysis/modifications, medical applications/radioisotopes, radiation effects, teaching with accelerators, nano-scale fabrication, focused ion beams and PIXE.

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers

Magnetic Metallic Multilayers Book
Author : Randolph Quentin Hood
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Magnetic Metallic Multilayers book written by Randolph Quentin Hood, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metals Abstracts

Metals Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metals Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Magnetic Perovskites

Magnetic Perovskites Book
Author : Asish K Kundu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-11
ISBN : 8132227611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetic perovskite with multi functional properties (magneto-resistive, magneto-dielectric, multiferroics, spintronics, etc.) have attracted increasing attention due to their possible applications towards storage materials and intriguing fundamental Physics. Despite the numerous investigations on multi functional materials in the past few years, a very few magnetic perovskites have been known to realize as ferromagnetic-insulators. In perovskites centred transition metal oxides strong interplay between lattice, charge, spin and/or orbital degrees of freedom provide a fantastic playground to tune their physical properties. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the phenomenon and physics of complex magnetism (phase separation, spin glass, frustrations, etc.) in perovskite manganites and cobaltites via an experimental approach. The book is organized into four chapters; Chap. 1 gives a brief introduction of various interesting phenomena in magnetic perovskites. Chapter 2 describes the results of the investigations on electronic phase separation and glassy ferromagnetism of the hole-doped perovskite manganites and cobaltites. Ordered and disordered effects and related aspects in hole-doped perovskite cobaltites are described in Chap. 3. Finally, in Chap. 4 the bismuth based magnetic perovskite is discussed.

Science Technology Review

Science   Technology Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Science Technology Review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks

International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

From Nanostructures to Nanosensing Applications

From Nanostructures to Nanosensing Applications Book
Author : A. D'Amico,G. Balestrino,A. Paoletti
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 2005-10-07
ISBN : 1614990166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies have grown increasingly fast for the last 20 years - after a somehow slow start - with an exceptional impact upon understanding of Nature, development of Science and related applications. Several new materials have been built and the possibility of tailoring their properties for particular purposes has opened unexpected perspectives in a multidisciplinary scenario. Furthermore, economy has also been deeply involved in this effort as a consequence of the fact that a significant amount of money has been invested in new enterprises with the hope of duplicating the 'boom' of microelectronics: a wrong hope, according to our guess, since nanotechnologies probably will prove to be really crucial in niche production. Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies are developing at a very fast pace. It is then important to provide young and even expert scientists with the possibility of reviewing and updating some of the most significant features of nanostructures for a better understanding of their scientific foundations in order to put a firm basis for future developments. Nanostructures and Nanosensing Applications provide a very effective approach as they require a strict interaction between Science and Technology leading to a high degree of cross fertilization.