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Metallic Chains Chains Of Metals

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Metallic Chains Chains of Metals

Metallic Chains   Chains of Metals Book
Author : Michael Springborg,Yi Dong
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-16
ISBN : 9780080466613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book describes a large variety of different types of chain systems (nanowires), including shorter chains that are artificially produced for instance in break-junction experiments, chains synthesized as guests inside the channels of a host crystal, crystalline chain compounds, organic polymers (synthetic metals), and charge-transfer salts, thus covering an unusual wealth of systems. Both experimental and theoretical studies are discussed. Particular emphasis is put on illustrating the special phenomena that occur in such quasi-one-dimensional systems, and how theoretical and experimental efforts have been used in identifying those properties that are specific for truly one-dimensional systems from those of quasi-one-dimensional systems. Moreover, it is shown that metallic chains can be found in a large range of systems, but also that chains of metals not always are metallic. · Gives a unifying description of very many different phenomena and systems · High-Tc superconductors, conjugated polymers, gold nanowires, carbon nanotubes, chain compounds, and charge-transfer salts are all treated in one volume · Illustrates the very broad range of quasi-one-dimensional systems

Physics of Transition Metal Oxides

Physics of Transition Metal Oxides Book
Author : Sadamichi Maekawa,Takami Tohyama,Stewart Edward Barnes,Sumio Ishihara,Wataru Koshibae,Giniyat Khaliullin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-06-22
ISBN : 9783540212935
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fact that magnetite (Fe304) was already known in the Greek era as a peculiar mineral is indicative of the long history of transition metal oxides as useful materials. The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in 1986 has renewed interest in transition metal oxides. High-temperature su perconductors are all cuprates. Why is it? To answer to this question, we must understand the electronic states in the cuprates. Transition metal oxides are also familiar as magnets. They might be found stuck on the door of your kitchen refrigerator. Magnetic materials are valuable not only as magnets but as electronics materials. Manganites have received special attention recently because of their extremely large magnetoresistance, an effect so large that it is called colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). What is the difference between high-temperature superconducting cuprates and CMR manganites? Elements with incomplete d shells in the periodic table are called tran sition elements. Among them, the following eight elements with the atomic numbers from 22 to 29, i. e. , Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni and Cu are the most im portant. These elements make compounds with oxygen and present a variety of properties. High-temperature superconductivity and CMR are examples. Most of the textbooks on magnetism discuss the magnetic properties of transition metal oxides. However, when one studies magnetism using tradi tional textbooks, one finds that the transport properties are not introduced in the initial stages.

Molecular Metals

Molecular Metals Book
Author : William Hatfield
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1468434802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past few years there has been intense research activity in the design, synthesis, and characterization of materials which are formed from molecular precursors, and which have high or metal-like electrical conductivities, i.e. dcr/dT

Multiple Bonds between Metal Atoms

Multiple Bonds between Metal Atoms Book
Author : F. Albert Cotton,Carlos A. Murillo,Richard A. Walton
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-06-28
ISBN : 9780387250847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides historical perspective as well as current data Abundantly illustrated with figures redrawn from literature data Covers all pertinent theory and physical chemistry Catalytic and chemotherapeutic applications are included

Metallic Nanoparticles

Metallic Nanoparticles Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-11-21
ISBN : 9780080559698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metallic nanoparticles display fascinating properties that are quite different from those of individual atoms, surfaces or bulk rmaterials. They are a focus of interest for fundamental science and, because of their huge potential in nanotechnology, they are the subject of intense research effort in a range of disciplines. Applications, or potential applications, are diverse and interdisciplinary. They include, for example, use in biochemistry, in catalysis and as chemical and biological sensors, as systems for nanoelectronics and nanostructured magnetism (e.g. data storage devices), where the drive for further miniaturization provides tremendous technological challenges and, in medicine, there is interest in their potential as agents for drug delivery. The book describes the structure of metallic nanoparticles, the experimental and theoretical techniques by which this is determined, and the models employed to facilitate understanding. The various methods for the production of nanoparticles are outlined. It surveys the properties of clusters and the methods of characterisation, such as photoionization, optical spectroscopy, chemical reactivity and magnetic behaviour, and discusses element-specific information that can be extracted by synchrotron-based techniques such as EXAFS, XMCD and XMLD. The properties of clusters can vary depending on whether they are free, deposited on a surface or embedded in a matrix of another material; these issues are explored. Clusters on a surface can be formed by the diffusion and aggregation of atoms; ways of modelling these processes are described. Finally we look at nanotechnology and examine the science behind the potential of metallic nanoparticles in chemical synthesis, catalysis, the magnetic separation of biomolecules, the detection of DNA, the controlled release of molecules and their relevance to data storage. The book addresses a wide audience. There was a huge development of the subject beginning in the mid-1980s where researchers began to study the properties of free nanoparticle and models were developed to describe the observations. The newcomer is introduced to the established models and techniques of the field without the need to refer to other sources to make the material accessible. It then takes the reader through to the latest research and provides a comprehensive list of references for those who wish to pursue particular aspects in more detail. It will also be an invaluable handbook for the expert in a particular aspect of nanoscale research who wishes to acquire knowledge of other areas. The authors are specialists in different aspects of the subject with expertise in physics and chemistry, experimental techniques and computational modelling, and in interdisciplinary research. They have collaborated in research. They have also collaborated in writing this book, with the aim from the outset of making it is a coherent whole rather than a series of independent loosely connected articles. * Appeals to a wide audience * Provides an introduction to established models and techniques in the field * Comprehensive list of references

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications

Metallic Multilayers and their Applications Book
Author : Gayanath Fernando
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 9780080559681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thin Metallic multilayer films have become an important part in today's computer technology. The giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect, which plays a central role here, was discovered in the late 1980s. This can be essentially described as the effect of a magnetic field on the electron transport leading to significant changes in the resistance. Other aspects of multilayers systems, such as stability, growth, confinement are also addressed. Theoretical and experimental methods used in such work are described in some detail, with special emphasis on density functional and spin density functional theories. Magnetic anisotropy in thin films is also discussed while addressing unresolved issues and new results from exchange-bias experiments. * Discusses the GMR effect * What makes multilayers interesting and useful? * What are the latest discoveries in this field? * Simple insights in to the physics behind multilayers * Novel concepts at small length scales * Theoretical and experimental background

One Dimensional Metals

One Dimensional Metals Book
Author : Siegmar Roth,David Carroll
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527605800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Low-dimensional solids are of fundamental interest in materials science due to their anisotropic properties. Written not only for experts in the field, this book explains the important concepts behind their physics and surveys the most interesting one-dimensional systems and discusses their present and emerging applications in molecular scale electronics. The second edition of this successful book has been completely revised to include the remarkable achievements of the last ten years of research and applications. Chemists, polymer and materials scientists as well as students will find this book a very readable introduction to the solid-state physics of electronic materials.

Quasicrystals

Quasicrystals Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-12-17
ISBN : 9780080555973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is aimed at researchers who are working in a field of quasicrystals to provide a reference to recent developments and ideas in the field and also at graduate students, who intend to study quasicrystals, to provide introduction of ideas. Topics in this book cover an entire field of quasicrystals, both experimental and theoretical, including new developments: the state of the art in quasicrystallography, new families of quasicrystals, phasons in aperiodic solids, ab initio studies on stability mechanism, quantum transport phenomena, elastic/plastic properties and surface of quasicrystals. · Comprehensive reviews by experts in the field · Complete reference of original papers and new topics · Intelligible introduction of quasicrystals by experts

Heavy Fermion Systems

Heavy Fermion Systems Book
Author : Prasanta Misra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-12-11
ISBN : 9780080554679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book on Heavy-Fermion Systems is a part of the Book series "Handbook of Metal Physics", each volume of which is written to facilitate the research of Ph.D. students, faculty and other researchers in a specific area. The Heavy-Fermions (sometimes known as Heavy-Electrons) is a loosely defined collection of intermetallic compounds containing rare-earth (mostly Ce) or actinide (mostly U) elements. These unusual names were given due to the large effective mass (100-1,000 times greater than the mass of a free electron) below a critical temperature. They have a variety of ground states including superconducting, antiferromagnetic, paramagnetic or semiconducting. Some display unusual magnetic properties such as magnetic quantum critical point and metamagnetism. This book is essentially a summary as well as a critical review of the theoretical and experimental work done on Heavy Fermions. · Extensive research references. · Comprehensive review of a very rapidly growing number of theories. · Summary of all important experiments. · Comparison with other highly correlated systems such as High-Tc Superconductors. · Possible Technological applications.

Electronic Properties of Inorganic Quasi One Dimensional Compounds

Electronic Properties of Inorganic Quasi One Dimensional Compounds Book
Author : P. Monceau
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1985-03-31
ISBN : 9789027718006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The close relationship between experimentalists and theorists – whether solid state chemists or physicists – has, in the last few years, inspired much research in the field of materials with quasi one-dimensional structures. Part II of this two-volume set deals with the experimental treatment of pseudo-one-dimensional conductors. Included are contributions on platinum chains, (SN)x and (SNBry)x, the optical properties of 1-D inorganic metals, CDW transport in transition metal chalcogenides, and a lattice dynamical study of transition metal trichalcogenides.

The Chemistry of Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides

The Chemistry of Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides Book
Author : S.T. Oyama
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-01-31
ISBN : 9780751403657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book arose from a symposium titled 'Transition Metal Carbides and Nitrides: Preparation, Properties, and Reactivity' organized by Jae Sung Lee, Masatoshi Nagai and myself. The symposium was part of the 1995 Congress of Pacific Rim Chemical Societies, held in Honolulu, Hawaii between December 17-22, 1995. The meeting was the first major conference to exclusively address the theme of metal carbides and nitrides, and brought together many of the major researchers in the field. Over 50 scientists and engineers reported their latest findings in five sessions of presentations and discussions. The book closely follows the topics covered in the conference: Theory of bonding Structure and composition Catalytic properties Physical properties New methods of preparation Spectroscopy and microscopy The book is unique in its coverage. It provides a general introduction to the properties and nature of the materials, but also covers their latest applications in a wide variety of fields. It should thus be of interest to both experts and nonexperts in the fields of material science, solid-state chemistry, physics, ceramics engineering, and catalysis. The first chapter gives an overview, and many of the chapters provide summaries of advanced topics. All contributions were peer-reviewed.

Frontiers in Transition Metal Containing Polymers

Frontiers in Transition Metal Containing Polymers Book
Author : Alaa S. Abd-El-Aziz,Ian Manners
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-01-29
ISBN : 047008605X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed, up-to-date review of transition metal-containing polymers Promising advances in the electrical, optical, magnetic, biological, and catalytic properties that metal-containing polymers possess have led to notable expansion in the field of transition metal-containing polymers. Frontiers in Transition Metal-Containing Polymers provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal-containing polymers, including an overview of the historical development of these types of polymers. Written by the leading researchers in the field, this thorough volume covers the routes to organometallic and coordination polymers, as well as characterization and applications of transition metal-containing monomers and polymers. Other topics discussed include: Metallo-supramolecular coordination polymers based on nitrogen ligands Coordination polymers based on phosphorus ligands Polypeptide-based metallobiopolymers and DNA-based metallopolymers Metallodendrimers Self-assembly of metal-containing block copolymers Applications including drug delivery, optics, molecular devices, sensors, conductive materials, and more

Nanophenomena at Surfaces

Nanophenomena at Surfaces Book
Author : Michail Michailov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-24
ISBN : 9783642165108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the state of the art in nanoscale surface physics. It outlines contemporary trends in the field covering a wide range of topical areas: atomic structure of surfaces and interfaces, molecular films and polymer adsorption, biologically inspired nanophysics, surface design and pattern formation, and computer modeling of interfacial phenomena. Bridging "classical" and "nano" concepts, the present volume brings attention to the physical background of exotic condensed-matter properties. The book is devoted to Iwan Stranski and Rostislaw Kaischew, remarkable scientists, who played a crucial role in setting up the theoretical fundamentals of nucleation and crystal growth phenomena in the last century.