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Metal Oxides In Heterogeneous Catalysis

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Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis Book
Author : Jacques C. Vedrine
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-11
ISBN : 0128116323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis is an overview of the past, present and future of heterogeneous catalysis using metal oxides catalysts. The book presents the historical, theoretical, and practical aspects of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis deals with fundamental information on heterogeneous catalysis, including reaction mechanisms and kinetics approaches.There is also a focus on the classification of metal oxides used as catalysts, preparation methods and touches on zeolites, mesoporous materials and Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in catalysis. It will touch on acid or base-type reactions, selective (partial) and total oxidation reactions, and enzymatic type reactions The book also touches heavily on the biomass applications of metal oxide catalysts and environmentally related/depollution reactions such as COVs elimination, DeNOx, and DeSOx. Finally, the book also deals with future trends and prospects in metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Presents case studies in each chapter that provide a focus on the industrial applications Includes fundamentals, key theories and practical applications of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis in one comprehensive resource Edited, and contributed, by leading experts who provide perspectives on synthesis, characterization and applications

Metal Oxide Catalysis 2 Volume Set

Metal Oxide Catalysis  2 Volume Set Book
Author : S. David Jackson,Justin S. J. Hargreaves
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-12-23
ISBN : 3527626123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its two-volume structure, this handbook and ready reference allows for comprehensive coverage of both characterization and applications, while uniform editing throughout ensures that the structure remains consistent. The result is an up-to-date review of metal oxides in catalysis. The first volume covers a range of techniques that are used to characterize oxides, with each chapter written by an expert in the field. Volume 2 goes on to cover the use of metal oxides in catalytic reactions. For all chemists and engineers working in the field of heterogeneous catalysis.

Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides

Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides Book
Author : M. Misono
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN : 0444538348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mixed oxides are the most widely used catalyst materials for industrial catalytic processes. The principal objective of this book is to describe systematically the mixed oxide catalysts, from their fundamentals through their practical applications. After describing concisely general items concerning mixed oxide and mixed oxide catalysts, two important mixed oxide catalyst materials, namely, heteropolyacids and perovskites, are taken as typical examples and discussed in detail. These two materials have several advantages: 1. They are, respectively, typical examples of salts of oxoacids and double oxide, that is, the two main categories of mixed oxides in solid state chemistry. 2. Both exhibit excellent catalytic performance in nearly crystalline state and are used in several industrial applications. 3. They have studied for many years. In addition, metal oxides functioning as a catalyst support (carrier) are included. Although the supports are very important in practical applications, and tremendous progress has been made in the past decades, few systematic reviews exist. It is notable that heteropolyacids and perovskite exhibit unique performance when used as a support. Fundamental catalytic science and technology and solid state chemistry necessary is presented for the proper understanding of mixed oxide catalysts as well as for R&D. For the latter, the concept of design of practical catalysts is very important. This is considered throughout the book. Systematically describes design principles of mixed oxide catalysts Shows how catalysis and solid-state chemistry of metal oxides are inter-related Covers all useful basic concepts of mixed oxide catalysis

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials Book
Author : Guido Busca
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 044459521X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials discusses experimental methods and the latest developments in three areas of research: heterogeneous catalysis; surface chemistry; and the chemistry of catalysts. Catalytic materials are those solids that allow the chemical reaction to occur efficiently and cost-effectively. This book provides you with all necessary information to synthesize, characterize, and relate the properties of a catalyst to its behavior, enabling you to select the appropriate catalyst for the process and reactor system. Oxides (used both as catalysts and as supports for catalysts), mixed and complex oxides and salts, halides, sulfides, carbides, and unsupported and supported metals are all considered. The book encompasses applications in industrial chemistry, refinery, petrochemistry, biomass conversion, energy production, and environmental protection technologies. Provides a systematic and clear approach of the synthesis, solid state chemistry and surface chemistry of all solid state catalysts Covers widely used instrumental techniques for catalyst characterization, such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and more Includes characterization methods and lists all catalytic behavior of the solid state catalysts Discusses new developments in nanocatalysts and their advantages over conventional catalysts

Modern Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis

Modern Heterogeneous Oxidation Catalysis Book
Author : Noritaka Mizuno
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-11-18
ISBN : 3527627553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Filling a gap in the current literature, this comprehensive reference presents all important catalyst classes, including metal oxides, polyoxometalates, and zeolites. Readers will find here everything they need to know -- from structure design to characterization, and from immobilization to industrial processes. A true must-have for anyone working in this key technology.

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis Book
Author : Jacques C. Vedrine
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-01-27
ISBN : 9780128116319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis is an overview of the past, present and future of heterogeneous catalysis using metal oxides catalysts. The book presents the historical, theoretical, and practical aspects of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis deals with fundamental information on heterogeneous catalysis, including reaction mechanisms and kinetics approaches.There is also a focus on the classification of metal oxides used as catalysts, preparation methods and touches on zeolites, mesoporous materials and Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in catalysis. It will touch on acid or base-type reactions, selective (partial) and total oxidation reactions, and enzymatic type reactions The book also touches heavily on the biomass applications of metal oxide catalysts and environmentally related/depollution reactions such as COVs elimination, DeNOx, and DeSOx. Finally, the book also deals with future trends and prospects in metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Presents case studies in each chapter that provide a focus on the industrial applications Includes fundamentals, key theories and practical applications of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis in one comprehensive resource Edited, and contributed, by leading experts who provide perspectives on synthesis, characterization and applications

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures Book
Author : Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 0128013400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

New Materials for Catalytic Applications

New Materials for Catalytic Applications Book
Author : Vasile I. Parvulescu,Erhard Kemnitz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-01-28
ISBN : 0444635882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Materials for Catalytic Applications proposes the use of both new and existing materials for catalytic applications, such as zeolites, metal oxides, microporous and mesoporous materials, and monocrystals. In addition, metal-oxides are discussed from a new perspective, i.e. nano- and photocatalytic applications. The material presents these concepts with a new focus on strategies in synthesis, synthesis based on a rational design, the correlation between basic properties/potential applications, and new catalytic solutions for acid-base, redox, hydrogenation, photocatalytic reactions, etc. Presents organometallic concepts for the synthesis of nanocatalysts Provides a synthesis of new materials following the fluorolytic sol-gel concept Covers electronic and photocatalytic properties via synthesis of nano-oxide materials Details the nature of sites in MOFs generating catalytic properties immobilization of triflates in solid matrices for organic reactions

Mathematics Applied to Engineering in Action

Mathematics Applied to Engineering in Action Book
Author : Nazmul Islam,Satya Bir Singh,Prabhat Ranjan,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 1000089835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematics Applied to Engineering in Action: Advanced Theories, Methods, and Models focuses on material relevant to solving the kinds of mathematical problems regularly confronted by engineers. This new volume explains how an engineer should properly define the physical and mathematical problem statements, choose the computational approach, and solve the problem by a proven reliable approach. It presents the theoretical background necessary for solving problems, including definitions, rules, formulas, and theorems on the particular theme. The book aims to apply advanced mathematics using real-world problems to illustrate mathematical ideas. This approach emphasizes the relevance of mathematics to engineering problems, helps to motivate the reader, and gives examples of mathematical concepts in a context familiar to the research students. The volume is intended for professors and instructors, scientific researchers, students, and industry professionals. It will help readers to choose the most appropriate mathematical modeling method to solve engineering problems.

Design And Applications Of Single site Heterogeneous Catalysts Contributions To Green Chemistry Clean Technology And Sustainability

Design And Applications Of Single site Heterogeneous Catalysts  Contributions To Green Chemistry  Clean Technology And Sustainability Book
Author : John Meurig Thomas
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2012-04-16
ISBN : 1848169299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For far too long chemists and industrialists have relied on the use of aggressive reagents such as nitric and sulphuric acids, permanganates and dichromates to prepare the massive quantities of both bulk and fine chemicals that are needed for the maintenance of civilised life — materials such as fuels, fabrics, foodstuffs, fertilisers and pharmaceuticals. Such aggressive reagents generate vast quantities of environmentally harmful and often toxic by-products, including the oxides of nitrogen, of metal oxides and carbon dioxide.Now, owing to recent advances made in the synthesis of nanoporous solids, it is feasible to design new solid catalysts that enable benign, mild oxidants to be used, frequently without utilising solvents, to manufacture the products that the chemical, pharmaceutical, agro- and bio-chemical industries require. These new solid agents are designated single-site heterogeneous catalysts (SSHCs). Their principal characteristics are that all the active sites present in the high-area solids are identical in their atomic environment and hence in their energy of interaction with reactants, just as in enzymes.Single-site heterogeneous catalysts now occupy a position of growing importance both academically and in their potential for commercial exploitation. This text, the only one devoted to such catalysts, dwells both on principles of design and on applications, such as the benign synthesis of nylon 6 and vitamin B3. It equips the reader with unifying insights required for future catalytic adventures in the quest for sustainability in the materials used by humankind.Anyone acquainted with the language of molecules, including undergraduates in the physical and biological sciences, as well as graduates in engineering and materials science, should be able to assimilate the principles and examples presented in this book. Inter alia, it describes how clean technology and ‘green’ processes may be carried out in an environmentally responsible manner.

Heterogeneous Catalytic Redox Reactions

Heterogeneous Catalytic Redox Reactions Book
Author : Vladislav Sadykov,Serguei Tikhov,Lyubov Isupova
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2019-10-21
ISBN : 3110587777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current book brings together cutting-edge research in the area of heterogeneous catalytic redox processes. The first part of the book covers the catalytic properties of transition metal oxides and the techniques for catalysts preparation, such as mechanochemistry, plasmochemistry, hydrothermal treatment, etc. Further the authors focus on mechanisms of heterogeneous redox reactions followed by the overview of industrial applications.

Advances in Catalysis

Advances in Catalysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0128245727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Catalysis, Volume 69 fills the gap between journal papers and textbooks across the diverse areas of catalysis research. For more than 60 years, this series has dedicated itself to record and present the latest progress in the field of catalysis, providing the scientific community with comprehensive and authoritative reviews. This series is an invaluable and comprehensive resource for chemical engineers and chemists working in the field of catalysis in both academia and industry, with this release focusing on solid acids, surface acidity and heterogeneous acid catalysis. Contains authoritative reviews written by experts in the field Explores topics that reflect progress in the field, such as catalyst synthesis, catalyst characterization, catalytic chemistry, reaction engineering, computational chemistry and physics Provides insightful and critical articles that are fully edited to suit various backgrounds

Heterogeneous Catalysis for the Synthetic Chemist

Heterogeneous Catalysis for the Synthetic Chemist Book
Author : Robert L. Augustine
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-08-11
ISBN : 1000148211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work delineates the effect of different reaction variables on the outcome of heterogeneously catalyzed reactions, and explains how to optimize the product yield of specific compounds. Metal catalysis, simple and complex oxides, zeolites and clays are discussed, both as catalysts and as potential supports for catalytically active metals.

Current Trends of Surface Science and Catalysis

Current Trends of Surface Science and Catalysis Book
Author : Jeong Young Park
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-23
ISBN : 1461487420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book covers the latest surface science studies on model catalysts, including single crystals, non-colloidal nanocatalysts, and nanoparticles in various forms with the control of size, shape and composition. This book addresses the issue of bridging “materials and pressure gaps” and also discusses the important issue of metal-oxide interface and hot electron flows in heterogeneous catalysis. The current development of in-situ surface techniques that is relevant to bridging “pressure gaps” is also highlighted.

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells  Electrolyzers  and Metal Air Batteries Book
Author : Teko W. Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128184973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Chemisorption and Reactivity on Supported Clusters and Thin Films

Chemisorption and Reactivity on Supported Clusters and Thin Films  Book
Author : R.M. Lambert,Gianfranco Pacchioni
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401589119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous catalysis provides the backbone of the world's chemical and oil industries. The innate complexity of practical catalytic systems suggests that useful progress should be achievable by investigating key aspects of catalysis by experimental studies on idealised model systems. Thin films and supported clusters are two promising types of model system that can be used for this purpose, since they mimic important aspects of the properties of practical dispersed catalysts. Similarly, appropriate theoretical studies of chemisorption and surface reaction clusters or extended slab systems can provide valuable information on the factors that underlie bonding and catalytic activity. This volume describes such experimental and theoretical approaches to the surface chemistry and catalytic behaviour of metals, metal oxides and metal/metal oxide systems. An introduction to the principles and main themes of heterogeneous catalysis is followed by detailed accounts of the application of modern experimental and theoretical techniques to fundamental problems. The application of advanced experimental methods is complemented by a full description of theoretical procedures, including Hartree-Fock, density functional and similar techniques. The relative merits of the various approaches are considered and directions for future progress are indicated.

Catalysis

Catalysis Book
Author : James Spivey,Yi-Fan Han,K. M. Dooley
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-02-22
ISBN : 1782624279
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial and academic scientists face increasing challenges to find cost-effective and environmentally sound catalysts for a variety of applications. This volume provides a balanced and in-depth review of the modern approaches to some of these challenges covering major areas such as catalysts for green catalytic processes, research and development of hydrocracking catalysts, using nanoclusters as catalysts and preparation of foams.

Supported Metals in Catalysis

Supported Metals in Catalysis Book
Author : James Arthur Anderson
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2012
ISBN : 184816677X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from experts in supported metal catalysis, from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in characterization and application of supported metals in heterogeneous catalysis. In addition to a thorough and updated coverage of the traditional aspects of heterogeneous catalysis such as preparation, characterization and use in well-established technologies such as Naphtha reforming, the book also includes emerging areas where supported metal catalysis will make significant contributions in future developments, such as fuel cells and fine chemicals synthesis. The second edition of Supported Metals in Catalysis comes complete with new and updated chapters containing important summaries of research in a rapidly evolving field. Very few other books deal with this highly pertinent subject matter, and as such, it is a must-have for anyone working in the field of heterogeneous catalysis.

Surface Organometallic Chemistry Molecular Approaches to Surface Catalysis

Surface Organometallic Chemistry  Molecular Approaches to Surface Catalysis Book
Author : Jean-Marie Basset,Bruce C. Gates,Jean-Pierre Candy,Agnès Choplin,Michel Leconte,Françoise Quignard,Cathérine Santini
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400929714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface organometallic chemistry is a new field bringing together researchers from organometallic, inorganic, and surface chemistry and catalysis. Topics ranging from reaction mechanisms to catalyst preparation are considered from a molecular basis, according to which the "active site" on a catalyst surface has a supra-molecular character. This. the first book on the subject, is the outcome of a NATO Workshop held in Le Rouret. France, in May. 1986. It is our hope that the following chapters and the concluding summary of recommendations for research may help to provide a definition of surface organometallic chemistry. Besides catalysis. the central theme of the Workshop, four main topics are considered: 1) Reactions of organometallics with surfaces of metal oxides, metals. and zeolites; 2) Molecular models of surfaces, metal oxides, and metals; 3) Molecular approaches to the mechanisms of surface reactions; 4) Synthesis and modification of zeolites and related microporous solids. Most surface organometallic chemistry has been carried out on amorphous high-surf ace-area metal oxides such as silica. alumina. magnesia, and titania. The first chapter. contributed by KNOZINGER. gives a short summary of the structure and reactivity of metal oxide surfaces. Most of our understanding of these surfaces is based on acid base and redox chemistry; this chemistry has developed from X-ray and spectroscopic data, and much has been inferred from the structures and reactivities of adsorbed organic probe molecules. There are major opportunities for extending this understanding by use of well-defined (single crystal) oxide surfaces and organometallic probe molecules.

Preparation of Catalysts VII

Preparation of Catalysts VII Book
Author : R. Maggi,J.A. Martens,G. Poncelet,P. Grange,P.A. Jacobs,B. Delmon
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-08-17
ISBN : 9780080539454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proceedings of the VIIth International Symposium on the Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts, are in line with the general scope of this series of events. Emphasis in all Symposia has been on the scientific aspects of the preparation of new and industrial catalysts, or on new methods of preparation, rather than on the catalytic reactions in which such solids are ultimately used. In the present context, the catalytic event itself has only been considered as another, though often decisive, method of catalyst characterization.