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Metal Oxides For Non Volatile Memory

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Metal Oxides for Non volatile Memory

Metal Oxides for Non volatile Memory Book
Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis,Ilia Valov,Stefan Tappertzhofen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-10
ISBN : 0128146303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides for Non-volatile Memory: Materials, Technology and Applications covers the technology and applications of metal oxides (MOx) in non-volatile memory (NVM) technology. The book addresses all types of NVMs, including floating-gate memories, 3-D memories, charge-trapping memories, quantum-dot memories, resistance switching memories and memristors, Mott memories and transparent memories. Applications of MOx in DRAM technology where they play a crucial role to the DRAM evolution are also addressed. The book offers a broad scope, encompassing discussions of materials properties, deposition methods, design and fabrication, and circuit and system level applications of metal oxides to non-volatile memory. Finally, the book addresses one of the most promising materials that may lead to a solution to the challenges in chip size and capacity for memory technologies, particular for mobile applications and embedded systems. Systematically covers metal oxides materials and their properties with memory technology applications, including floating-gate memory, 3-D memory, memristors, and much more Provides an overview on the most relevant deposition methods, including sputtering, CVD, ALD and MBE Discusses the design and fabrication of metal oxides for wide breadth of non-volatile memory applications from 3-D flash technology, transparent memory and DRAM technology

Emerging Non Volatile Memories

Emerging Non Volatile Memories Book
Author : Seungbum Hong,Orlando Auciello,Dirk Wouters
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-18
ISBN : 1489975373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introduction to the fundamentals of emerging non-volatile memories and provides an overview of future trends in the field. Readers will find coverage of seven important memory technologies, including Ferroelectric Random Access Memory (FeRAM), Ferromagnetic RAM (FMRAM), Multiferroic RAM (MFRAM), Phase-Change Memories (PCM), Oxide-based Resistive RAM (RRAM), Probe Storage, and Polymer Memories. Chapters are structured to reflect diffusions and clashes between different topics. Emerging Non-Volatile Memories is an ideal book for graduate students, faculty, and professionals working in the area of non-volatile memory. This book also: Covers key memory technologies, including Ferroelectric Random Access Memory (FeRAM), Ferromagnetic RAM (FMRAM), and Multiferroic RAM (MFRAM), among others. Provides an overview of non-volatile memory fundamentals. Broadens readers’ understanding of future trends in non-volatile memories.

Emerging Non volatile Memory Technologies

Emerging Non volatile Memory Technologies Book
Author : Wen Siang Lew,Gerard Joseph Lim,Putu Andhita Dananjaya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-09
ISBN : 9811569126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a balanced and comprehensive guide to the core principles, fundamental properties, experimental approaches, and state-of-the-art applications of two major groups of emerging non-volatile memory technologies, i.e. spintronics-based devices as well as resistive switching devices, also known as Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM). The first section presents different types of spintronic-based devices, i.e. magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ), domain wall, and skyrmion memory devices. This section describes how their developments have led to various promising applications, such as microwave oscillators, detectors, magnetic logic, and neuromorphic engineered systems. In the second half of the book, the underlying device physics supported by different experimental observations and modelling of RRAM devices are presented with memory array level implementation. An insight into RRAM desired properties as synaptic element in neuromorphic computing platforms from material and algorithms viewpoint is also discussed with specific example in automatic sound classification framework.

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology Book
Author : Yoshio Nishi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-24
ISBN : 0857098098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New solutions are needed for future scaling down of nonvolatile memory. Advances in Non-volatile Memory and Storage Technology provides an overview of developing technologies and explores their strengths and weaknesses. After an overview of the current market, part one introduces improvements in flash technologies, including developments in 3D NAND flash technologies and flash memory for ultra-high density storage devices. Part two looks at the advantages of designing phase change memory and resistive random access memory technologies. It looks in particular at the fabrication, properties, and performance of nanowire phase change memory technologies. Later chapters also consider modeling of both metal oxide and resistive random access memory switching mechanisms, as well as conductive bridge random access memory technologies. Finally, part three looks to the future of alternative technologies. The areas covered include molecular, polymer, and hybrid organic memory devices, and a variety of random access memory devices such as nano-electromechanical, ferroelectric, and spin-transfer-torque magnetoresistive devices. Advances in Non-volatile Memory and Storage Technology is a key resource for postgraduate students and academic researchers in physics, materials science, and electrical engineering. It is a valuable tool for research and development managers concerned with electronics, semiconductors, nanotechnology, solid-state memories, magnetic materials, organic materials, and portable electronic devices. Provides an overview of developing nonvolatile memory and storage technologies and explores their strengths and weaknesses Examines improvements to flash technology, charge trapping, and resistive random access memory Discusses emerging devices such as those based on polymer and molecular electronics, and nanoelectromechanical random access memory (RAM)

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Junqiao Wu,Jinbo Cao,Wei-Qiang Han,Anderson Janotti,Ho-Cheol Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9781441999313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxides and particularly their nanostructures have emerged as animportant class of materials with a rich spectrum of properties and greatpotential for device applications. In this book, contributions from leadingexperts emphasize basic physical properties, synthesis and processing, and thelatest applications in such areas as energy, catalysis and data storage. Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructuresis an essential reference for any materials scientist or engineer with aninterest in metal oxides, and particularly in recent progress in defectphysics, strain effects, solution-based synthesis, ionic conduction, and theirapplications.

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology Book
Author : Yoshio Nishi,Blanka Magyari-Kope
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081025858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nonvolatile Memory and Storage Technology, Second Edition, addresses recent developments in the non-volatile memory spectrum, from fundamental understanding, to technological aspects. The book provides up-to-date information on the current memory technologies as related by leading experts in both academia and industry. To reflect the rapidly changing field, many new chapters have been included to feature the latest in RRAM technology, STT-RAM, memristors and more. The new edition describes the emerging technologies including oxide-based ferroelectric memories, MRAM technologies, and 3D memory. Finally, to further widen the discussion on the applications space, neuromorphic computing aspects have been included. This book is a key resource for postgraduate students and academic researchers in physics, materials science and electrical engineering. In addition, it will be a valuable tool for research and development managers concerned with electronics, semiconductors, nanotechnology, solid-state memories, magnetic materials, organic materials and portable electronic devices. Discusses emerging devices and research trends, such as neuromorphic computing and oxide-based ferroelectric memories Provides an overview on developing nonvolatile memory and storage technologies and explores their strengths and weaknesses Examines improvements to flash technology, charge trapping and resistive random access memory

Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing

Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing Book
Author : Suting Han,Ye Zhou
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 0128226064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing summarizes advances in the development of photo-electroactive memories and neuromorphic computing systems, suggests possible solutions to the challenges of device design, and evaluates the prospects for commercial applications. Sections covers developments in electro-photoactive memory, and photonic neuromorphic and in-memory computing, including discussions on design concepts, operation principles and basic storage mechanism of optoelectronic memory devices, potential materials from organic molecules, semiconductor quantum dots to two-dimensional materials with desirable electrical and optical properties, device challenges, and possible strategies. This comprehensive, accessible and up-to-date book will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers in solid-state electronics. It is an invaluable systematic introduction to the memory characteristics, operation principles and storage mechanisms of the latest reported electro-photoactive memory devices. Reviews the most promising materials to enable emerging computing memory and data storage devices, including one- and two-dimensional materials, metal oxides, semiconductors, organic materials, and more Discusses fundamental mechanisms and design strategies for two- and three-terminal device structures Addresses device challenges and strategies to enable translation of optical and optoelectronic technologies

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories Book
Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-14
ISBN : 3319487051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the technology of charge-trapping non-volatile memories and their uses. The authors explain the device physics of each device architecture and provide a concrete description of the materials involved and the fundamental properties of the technology. Modern material properties, used as charge-trapping layers, for new applications are introduced. Provides a comprehensive overview of the technology for charge-trapping non-volatile memories; Details new architectures and current modeling concepts for non-volatile memory devices; Focuses on conduction through multi-layer gate dielectrics stacks.

Non volatile Memories

Non volatile Memories Book
Author : Pierre-Camille Lacaze,Jean-Claude Lacroix
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 1118790286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written for scientists, researchers, and engineers, Non-volatile Memories describes the recent research and implementations in relation to the design of a new generation of non-volatile electronic memories. The objective is to replace existing memories (DRAM, SRAM, EEPROM, Flash, etc.) with a universal memory model likely to reach better performances than the current types of memory: extremely high commutation speeds, high implantation densities and retention time of information of about ten years.

Gate Stack Engineering for Emerging Polarization based Non volatile Memories

Gate Stack Engineering for Emerging Polarization based Non volatile Memories Book
Author : Milan Pesic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 3744867889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hafnium based ferroelectric memories offer a low power consumption, ultra-fast operation, non-volatile retention as well as the small relative cell size as the main requirements for future memories. These remarkable properties of ferroelectric memories make them promising candidates for non-volatile memories that would bridge the speed gap between fast logic and slow off-chip, long term storage. Even though the retention of hafnia based ferroelectric memories can be extrapolated to a ten-year specification target, they suffer from a rather limited endurance. Therefore, this work targets relating the field cycling behavior of hafnia based ferroelectric memories to the physical mechanisms taking place within the film stack. Establishing a correlation between the performance of the device and underlying physical mechanisms is the first step toward understanding the device and engineering guidelines for novel, superior devices. In the frame of this work, an in-depth ferroelectric and dielectric characterization, analysis and TEM study was combined with comprehensive modeling approach. Drift and diffusion based vacancy redistribution was found as the main cause for the phase transformation and consequent increase of the remnant polarization, while domain pinning and defect generation is identified to be responsible for the device fatigue. Finally, based on Landau theory, a simple way to utilize the high endurance strength of anti-ferroelectric (AFE) materials and achieve non-volatility in state-of-the-art DRAM stacks was proposed and the fabrication of the world's first non-volatile AFE-RAM is reported. These findings represent an important milestone and pave the way toward a commercialization of (anti)ferroelectric non-volatile memories based on simple binary-oxides.

Graphene Oxide Metal Oxide and other Graphene Oxide Based Composites in Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis

Graphene Oxide Metal Oxide and other Graphene Oxide Based Composites in Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis Book
Author : Jiaguo Yu,Liuyang Zhang,Panyong Kuang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-01
ISBN : 0323852882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene Oxide-Metal Oxide and other Graphene Oxide-Based Composites in Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis reflects on recent progress and challenges in graphene-metal oxide composites. The book reviews synthetic strategies, characterization methods and applications in photocatalysis and electrocatalysis. Graphene-metal oxides, graphene-novel metals and other composites intended for sustainable energy production, energy storage, and environmental development such as H2 production, CO2 reduction, pollutant removal, supercapacitors and lithium ion batteries are covered. Overall, this book presents a comprehensive, systematic, and up-to-date summary on graphene oxide-based materials. Graphene oxide and related composite materials bring new perspectives and prospects to both photocatalysts and electrocatalysts. The collective and synergistic effect between graphene oxide and metal oxide are manifold. The significance of the relationship among these groups of materials, their structures and performance is emphasized. Introduces the fundamentals of graphene oxides, their derivatives, common processes, principles and requirements for photocatalysis and electrocatalysis Reviews graphene-oxides for photocatalysis applications in H2 production, CO2 reduction, environment remediation, and more Covers graphene-oxides for electrocatalysis applications in energy, including supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications Book
Author : Kunal Mondal,Ghenadii Korotcenkov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-04
ISBN : 0128230584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides for Biomedical and Biosensor Applications gives an in-depth overview of the emerging research in the biomedical and biosensing applications of metal oxides, including optimization of their surface and bulk properties. Sections cover biomedical applications of metal oxides for use in cell cultures, antibacterial and antimicrobial treatments, dental applications, drug delivery, cancer therapy, immunotherapy, photothermal therapy, tissue engineering, and metal oxide-based biosensor development. As advanced and biofunctionalized nano/micro structured metal oxides are finding applications in microfluidics, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, DNA-based biosensing, imaging, diagnosis and analysis, this book provides a comprehensive update on the topic. Additional sections cover research challenges, technology limitations, and future trends in metal oxides and their composites regarding their usage in biomedical applications. Includes an overview of the important applications of metal oxides for biomedical and biosensing technologies Addresses the relationship between material properties, such as structure, morphology, composition and performance Reviews the design and fabrication strategies of metal oxides for use in medical and biosensing applications

Metal Oxide Carbon Hybrid Materials

Metal Oxide Carbon Hybrid Materials Book
Author : Muhammad Akram Chaudhry,Rafaqat Hussain,Faheem K. Butt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-20
ISBN : 0128227087
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications reviews the advances in the fabrication and application of metal oxide–carbon-based nanocomposite materials. Their unique properties make them ideal materials for gas-sensing, photonics, catalysis, opto-electronic, and energy-storage applications. In the first section, the historical background to the hybrid materials based on metal oxide–carbon and the hybridized metal oxide composites is provided. It also highlights several popular methods for the preparation of metal oxide–carbon composites through solid-state or solution-phase reactions, and extensively discusses the materials’ properties. Fossil fuels and renewable energy sources cannot meet the ever-increasing energy demands of an industrialized and technology-driven global society. Therefore, the role of metal oxide–carbon composites in energy generation, hydrogen production, and storage devices, such as rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors, is of extreme importance. These problems are discussed in in the second section of the book. Rapid industrialization has resulted in serious environmental issues which in turn have caused serious health problems that require the immediate attention of researchers. In the third section, the use of metal oxide–carbon composites in water purification, photodegradation of industrial contaminants, and biomedical applications that can help to clean the environment and provide better healthcare solutions is described. The final section is devoted to the consideration of problems associated with the development of sensors for various applications. Numerous studies performed in this area have shown that the use of composites can significantly improve the operating parameters of such devices. Metal Oxide–Carbon Hybrid Materials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications presents a comprehensive review of the science related to metal oxide–carbon composites and how researchers are utilizing these materials to provide solutions to a large array of problems. Reviews the fundamental properties and fabrication methods of metal-oxide–carbon composites Discusses applications in energy, including energy generation, hydrogen production and storage, rechargeable batteries, and supercapacitors Includes current and emerging applications in environmental remediation and sensing

Metal Oxides and Related Solids for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting

Metal Oxides and Related Solids for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting Book
Author : Junlei Qi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-16
ISBN : 0323898068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides and Related Solids for Electrocatalytic Water Splitting reviews the fundamentals and strategies needed to design and fabricate metal oxide-based electrocatalysts. After an introduction to the key properties of transition metal oxides, materials engineering methods to optimize the performance of metal-oxide based electrocatalysts are discussed. Strategies reviewed include defect engineering, interface engineering and doping engineering. Other sections cover important categories of metal-oxide (and related solids) based catalysts, including layered hydroxides, metal chalcogenides, metal phosphides, metal nitrides, metal borides, and more. Each chapter introduces important properties and material design strategies, including composite and morphology design. There is also an emphasis on cost-effective materials design and fabrication for optimized performance for electrocatalytic water splitting applications. Lastly, the book touches on recently developed in-situ characterization methods applied to observe and control the material synthesis process. Introduces metal oxide-based materials for electrocatalytic water splitting applications, including their key properties, synthesis, design and fabrication strategies Reviews the most relevant materials design strategies, including defect engineering, interface engineering, and doping engineering Discusses the pros and cons of metal oxide-based materials for water splitting applications to aid in materials selection

Advances in Metal Oxides and Their Composites for Emerging Applications

Advances in Metal Oxides and Their Composites for Emerging Applications Book
Author : Sagar D. Delekar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-31
ISBN : 032385706X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Metal Oxides and their Composites for Emerging Applications reviews key properties of metal-oxide based composites, including their structural, physicochemical, optical, electrical components and resulting performance in a wide range of diverse applications. Synthetic protocols used to create metal oxides with desirable morphologies, properties and performance for applications in solar energy harvesting, energy storage and environmental remediation are emphasized. Emerging technologies that address important global challenges such as energy shortage, the hazardous effects of non-renewable energy sources, unaffordable energy technologies, and the contaminants present in air and water are also covered. This book is an ideal resource for materials scientists and engineers working in academia and R&D. In addition, it's appropriate for those who either need an introduction to potential research directions or for experienced researchers and practitioners looking for a key reference on the latest advances. Introduces the fundamental properties of metal oxide-based composites, paying special attention to physicochemical, optical, electrical and structural characteristics Provides an overview of the synthetic protocols used to design and tune the properties of metal oxide-based composites for key emerging applications Discusses metal oxide-based composites and their use in energy applications such as energy storage, energy harvesting and environmental remediation

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics Based Medical Applications

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics Based Medical Applications Book
Author : Suresh Sagadevan,Jiban Podder,Faruq Mohammad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 0323858252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides for Optoelectronics and Optics-based Medical Applications reviews recent advances in metal oxides and their mechanisms for optoelectronic, photoluminescent and medical applications. In addition, the book examines the integration of key chemistry concepts with nanoelectronics that can improve performance in a diverse range of applications. Sections place a strong emphasis on synthesis processes that can improve the metal oxides’ physical properties and the reflected surface chemical changes that can impact their performance in various devices like light-emitting diodes, luminescence materials, solar cells, etc. Finally, the book discusses the challenges associated with the handling and maintenance of metal oxides crystalline properties. This book will be suitable for academics and those working in R&D in industry looking to learn more about cheaper and more effective methods to produce metal oxides for use in the fields of electronics, photonics, biophotonics and engineering. Reviews the latest advances in the utilization of metal oxide materials in photonics, optoelectronics and optics-based medical applications Considers the most relevant synthesis strategies for the development of high-performing metal oxide-based devices Addresses a wide range of metal oxides including photonic crystals, fibers, metastructures, glasses, and more

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites

Renewable Polymers and Polymer Metal Oxide Composites Book
Author : Sajjad Haider,Adnan Haider
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-03-31
ISBN : 0323852963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Renewable Polymers and Polymer-Metal Oxide Composites: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications serves as a reference on the key concepts of the advances of polymer-oxide composites. The book reviews knowledge on polymer-composite theory, properties, structure, synthesis, and their characterization and applications. There is an emphasis on coupling metal oxides with polymers from renewable sources. Also, the latest advances in the relationship between the microstructure of the composites and the resulting improvement of the material’s properties and performance are covered. The applications addressed include desalination, tissue engineering, energy storage, hybrid energy systems, food, and agriculture. This book is suitable for early-career researchers in academia and R&D in industry who are working in the disciplines of materials science, engineering, chemistry and physics. Provides basic principles, theory and synthetic methods of composite materials, polymer composites and metal oxides Reviews the latest advances in polymer-oxide-based applications in medicine, water treatment, energy and sensing Discusses materials from renewable resources, including lifecycle assessment, economic aspects and potential application in tissue engineering, photovoltaics and food packaging

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells  Electrolyzers  and Metal Air Batteries Book
Author : Teko W. Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128184973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Machine Learning and Non volatile Memories

Machine Learning and Non volatile Memories Book
Author : Rino Micheloni,Cristian Zambelli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-26
ISBN : 303103841X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the basics of both NAND flash storage and machine learning, detailing the storage problems the latter can help to solve. At a first sight, machine learning and non-volatile memories seem very far away from each other. Machine learning implies mathematics, algorithms and a lot of computation; non-volatile memories are solid-state devices used to store information, having the amazing capability of retaining the information even without power supply. This book will help the reader understand how these two worlds can work together, bringing a lot of value to each other. In particular, the book covers two main fields of application: analog neural networks (NNs) and solid-state drives (SSDs). After reviewing the basics of machine learning in Chapter 1, Chapter 2 shows how neural networks can mimic the human brain; to accomplish this result, neural networks have to perform a specific computation called vector-by-matrix (VbM) multiplication, which is particularly power hungry. In the digital domain, VbM is implemented by means of logic gates which dictate both the area occupation and the power consumption; the combination of the two poses serious challenges to the hardware scalability, thus limiting the size of the neural network itself, especially in terms of the number of processable inputs and outputs. Non-volatile memories (phase change memories in Chapter 3, resistive memories in Chapter 4, and 3D flash memories in Chapter 5 and Chapter 6) enable the analog implementation of the VbM (also called “neuromorphic architecture”), which can easily beat the equivalent digital implementation in terms of both speed and energy consumption. SSDs and flash memories are strictly coupled together; as 3D flash scales, there is a significant amount of work that has to be done in order to optimize the overall performances of SSDs. Machine learning has emerged as a viable solution in many stages of this process. After introducing the main flash reliability issues, Chapter 7 shows both supervised and un-supervised machine learning techniques that can be applied to NAND. In addition, Chapter 7 deals with algorithms and techniques for a pro-active reliability management of SSDs. Last but not least, the last section of Chapter 7 discusses the next challenge for machine learning in the context of the so-called computational storage. No doubt that machine learning and non-volatile memories can help each other, but we are just at the beginning of the journey; this book helps researchers understand the basics of each field by providing real application examples, hopefully, providing a good starting point for the next level of development.

Next Generation Spin Torque Memories

Next Generation Spin Torque Memories Book
Author : Brajesh Kumar Kaushik,Shivam Verma,Anant Aravind Kulkarni,Sanjay Prajapati
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 981102720X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers detailed insights into spin transfer torque (STT) based devices, circuits and memories. Starting with the basic concepts and device physics, it then addresses advanced STT applications and discusses the outlook for this cutting-edge technology. It also describes the architectures, performance parameters, fabrication, and the prospects of STT based devices. Further, moving from the device to the system perspective it presents a non-volatile computing architecture composed of STT based magneto-resistive and all-spin logic devices and demonstrates that efficient STT based magneto-resistive and all-spin logic devices can turn the dream of instant on/off non-volatile computing into reality.