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Metal Oxides For Non Volatile Memory

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Metal Oxides for Non volatile Memory

Metal Oxides for Non volatile Memory Book
Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis,Ilia Valov,Stefan Tappertzhofen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-02-01
ISBN : 0128146303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxides for Non-volatile Memory covers the technology and applications of metal oxides (MOx) in non-volatile memory (NVM) technology. It addresses all types of NVMs including floating-gate memories, 3-D memories, charge-trapping memories, quantum-dot memories, resistance switching memories and memristors, Mott memories and transparent memories. Applications of MOx in DRAM technology where they play a crucial role to the DRAM evolution are also addressed.The book offers a broad scope encompassing discussion of materials properties, deposition methods, design and fabrication, and circuit and system level applications of metal oxides to non-volatile memory.Metal Oxides for Non-volatile Memory addresses one of the most promising materials to lead to a solution to the challenges in chip size and capacity for memory technologies, particular for mobile applications and embedded systems Systematically covers metal oxides materials and their properties with memory technology applications including floating-gate memory, 3-D memory, memristors and much more Provides overview of most relevant deposition methods such as sputtering, CVD, ALD, and MBE Discusses design and fabrication of metal oxides for wide breadth of non-volatile memory applications from 3-D flash technology, transparent memory, and DRAM technology

Physics of Carbonyl Doped Transition Metal Oxides for a Non volatile Memory

Physics of Carbonyl Doped Transition Metal Oxides for a Non volatile Memory Book
Author : Seth Christopher Shoemaker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis reviews the current state of technologies used in non-volatile memory and the limitations these technologies create for memory and CPU systems. A detailed review and analysis of the physics found in electron-electron interactions in doped transition metal oxides is then provided. This analysis serves as the basis for analyzing CeRAM; a technology that relies on electron-electron interactions that has the potential to serve as a replacement for current memory systems.

Emerging Non Volatile Memories

Emerging Non Volatile Memories Book
Author : Seungbum Hong,Orlando Auciello,Dirk Wouters
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-18
ISBN : 1489975373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introduction to the fundamentals of emerging non-volatile memories and provides an overview of future trends in the field. Readers will find coverage of seven important memory technologies, including Ferroelectric Random Access Memory (FeRAM), Ferromagnetic RAM (FMRAM), Multiferroic RAM (MFRAM), Phase-Change Memories (PCM), Oxide-based Resistive RAM (RRAM), Probe Storage, and Polymer Memories. Chapters are structured to reflect diffusions and clashes between different topics. Emerging Non-Volatile Memories is an ideal book for graduate students, faculty, and professionals working in the area of non-volatile memory. This book also: Covers key memory technologies, including Ferroelectric Random Access Memory (FeRAM), Ferromagnetic RAM (FMRAM), and Multiferroic RAM (MFRAM), among others. Provides an overview of non-volatile memory fundamentals. Broadens readers’ understanding of future trends in non-volatile memories.

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Junqiao Wu,Jinbo Cao,Wei-Qiang Han,Anderson Janotti,Ho-Cheol Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9781441999313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxides and particularly their nanostructures have emerged as animportant class of materials with a rich spectrum of properties and greatpotential for device applications. In this book, contributions from leadingexperts emphasize basic physical properties, synthesis and processing, and thelatest applications in such areas as energy, catalysis and data storage. Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructuresis an essential reference for any materials scientist or engineer with aninterest in metal oxides, and particularly in recent progress in defectphysics, strain effects, solution-based synthesis, ionic conduction, and theirapplications.

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology

Advances in Non volatile Memory and Storage Technology Book
Author : Yoshio Nishi,Blanka Magyari-Kope
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081025858
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Nonvolatile Memory and Storage Technology, Second Edition, addresses recent developments in the non-volatile memory spectrum, from fundamental understanding, to technological aspects. The book provides up-to-date information on the current memory technologies as related by leading experts in both academia and industry. To reflect the rapidly changing field, many new chapters have been included to feature the latest in RRAM technology, STT-RAM, memristors and more. The new edition describes the emerging technologies including oxide-based ferroelectric memories, MRAM technologies, and 3D memory. Finally, to further widen the discussion on the applications space, neuromorphic computing aspects have been included. This book is a key resource for postgraduate students and academic researchers in physics, materials science and electrical engineering. In addition, it will be a valuable tool for research and development managers concerned with electronics, semiconductors, nanotechnology, solid-state memories, magnetic materials, organic materials and portable electronic devices. Discusses emerging devices and research trends, such as neuromorphic computing and oxide-based ferroelectric memories Provides an overview on developing nonvolatile memory and storage technologies and explores their strengths and weaknesses Examines improvements to flash technology, charge trapping and resistive random access memory

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories

Charge Trapping Non Volatile Memories Book
Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-14
ISBN : 3319487051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the technology of charge-trapping non-volatile memories and their uses. The authors explain the device physics of each device architecture and provide a concrete description of the materials involved and the fundamental properties of the technology. Modern material properties, used as charge-trapping layers, for new applications are introduced. Provides a comprehensive overview of the technology for charge-trapping non-volatile memories; Details new architectures and current modeling concepts for non-volatile memory devices; Focuses on conduction through multi-layer gate dielectrics stacks.

Emerging Non volatile Memory Technologies

Emerging Non volatile Memory Technologies Book
Author : Wen Siang Lew,Gerard Joseph Lim,Putu Andhita Dananjaya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-09
ISBN : 9811569126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a balanced and comprehensive guide to the core principles, fundamental properties, experimental approaches, and state-of-the-art applications of two major groups of emerging non-volatile memory technologies, i.e. spintronics-based devices as well as resistive switching devices, also known as Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM). The first section presents different types of spintronic-based devices, i.e. magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ), domain wall, and skyrmion memory devices. This section describes how their developments have led to various promising applications, such as microwave oscillators, detectors, magnetic logic, and neuromorphic engineered systems. In the second half of the book, the underlying device physics supported by different experimental observations and modelling of RRAM devices are presented with memory array level implementation. An insight into RRAM desired properties as synaptic element in neuromorphic computing platforms from material and algorithms viewpoint is also discussed with specific example in automatic sound classification framework.

Investigation of Metal Oxide Dielectrics for Non volatile Floating Gate and Resistance Switching Memory Applications

Investigation of Metal Oxide Dielectrics for Non volatile Floating Gate and Resistance Switching Memory Applications Book
Author : Bhaswar Chakrabarti,University of Texas at Dallas. Graduate Program in Materials Science and Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Floating gate transistor based flash memories have seen more than a decade of continuous growth as the prominent non-volatile memory technology. However, the recent trends indicate that the scaling of flash memory is expected to saturate in the near future. Several alternative technologies are being considered for the replacement of flash in the near future. The basic motivation for this work is to investigate the material properties of metal oxide based high-k dielectrics for potential applications in floating gate and resistance switching memory applications. This dissertation can be divided into two main sections. In the first section, the tunneling characteristics of the SiO 2 /HfO 2 stacks were investigated. Previous theoretical studies for thin SiO 2 / thick high-k stacks predict an increase in tunneling current in the high-bias regime (better programming) and a decrease in the low-bias regime (better retention) in comparison to pure SiO2 of same equivalent oxide thickness (EOT). However, our studies indicated that the performance improvement in SiO2 /HfO2 stacks with thick HfO2 layer is difficult due to significant amount of charge traps in thick HfO2 layers. Oxygen anneal on the stacks did not improve the programming current and retention. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies indicated that this was due to formation of an interfacial oxide layer. The second part of the dissertation deals with the investigation of resistive switching in metal oxides. Although promising, practical applications of resistive random access memories (RRAM) require addressing several issues including high forming voltage, large operating currents and reliability. We first investigated resistive switching in HfTiO x nanolaminate with conventional TiN electrodes. The forming-free switching observed in the structures could be described by the quantum point contact model. The modelling results indicated that the forming-free characteristics can be due to a higher number of filaments in comparison to a device that requires forming. Forming-free resistive switching with low current operation in graphene-insulator-graphene structures was also investigated. Electrical as well as Raman and XPS analysis indicated that low current operation is due to the migration and subsequent physisorption of oxygen ions on the graphene surface during the set operation. A statistical model was also developed for quantitative prediction of the effect of noise on RRAM characteristics.

Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing

Photo Electroactive Non Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing Book
Author : Suting Han,Ye Zhou
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 0128226064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Photo-Electroactive Non-Volatile Memories for Data Storage and Neuromorphic Computing summarizes advances in the development of photo-electroactive memories and neuromorphic computing systems, suggests possible solutions to the challenges of device design, and evaluates the prospects for commercial applications. Sections covers developments in electro-photoactive memory, and photonic neuromorphic and in-memory computing, including discussions on design concepts, operation principles and basic storage mechanism of optoelectronic memory devices, potential materials from organic molecules, semiconductor quantum dots to two-dimensional materials with desirable electrical and optical properties, device challenges, and possible strategies. This comprehensive, accessible and up-to-date book will be of particular interest to graduate students and researchers in solid-state electronics. It is an invaluable systematic introduction to the memory characteristics, operation principles and storage mechanisms of the latest reported electro-photoactive memory devices. Reviews the most promising materials to enable emerging computing memory and data storage devices, including one- and two-dimensional materials, metal oxides, semiconductors, organic materials, and more Discusses fundamental mechanisms and design strategies for two- and three-terminal device structures Addresses device challenges and strategies to enable translation of optical and optoelectronic technologies

Metal Oxide Based Nanofibers and Their Applications

Metal Oxide Based Nanofibers and Their Applications Book
Author : Vincenzo Esposito,Debora Marani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-25
ISBN : 0128209070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide-based Nanofibers and their Applications provides an in-depth overview on developments surrounding the synthesis, characterization properties, and applications achieved by scientific leaders in the area. Sections deal with the theoretical and experimental aspects of the synthesis and methodologies to control microstructure, composition and shape of the nanofibrous metal oxides, review the applications of metal oxide nanofibers in diverse technologies, with special focus on the relation between the structural, morphological and compositional features of the nanofibers, cover applications of metal oxide nanofibers in the fields of sensing (biosensing, gas sensing), and consider biomedical and cleaning technologies. Lastly, a final section covers their application in energy generation and storage technologies (e. g. piezoelectric, solar cells, solid oxide fuel cells, lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, and hydrogen storage are reviewed. Reviews electrospinning methods for the synthesis and design of nanocomposites and hybrid metal oxide nanofibers Discusses applications of metal oxide nanofibers in sensing, biomedical fields, cleaning technologies, and energy Emphasizes the structural, morphological and compositional properties of nanofibers and their effect on device performance

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies Book
Author : Yarub Al-Douri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 0128175060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Powder Technologies: Fundamentals, Processing Methods and Applications reviews the fundamentals, processing methods and applications of this key materials system. Topics addressed comprehensively cover chemical and physical properties, synthesis, preparation, both accepted and novel processing methods, modeling and simulation. The book provides fundamental information on the key properties that impact performance, such as particle size and crystal structure, along with methods to measure, analyze and evaluate. Finally, important applications are covered, including biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of key topics both on the theoretical side and the experimental Discusses important properties that impact metal oxide performance, processing methods (both novel and accepted), and important applications Reviews the most relevant applications, such as biomedical, energy, electronics and materials applications

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells  Electrolyzers  and Metal Air Batteries Book
Author : Teko W. Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128184973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-01
ISBN : 012811505X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128133589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications is a one-stop reference for anyone with an interest in the fundamentals, synthesis and applications of this interesting materials system. The book presents a simple, effective and detailed discussion on colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles. It begins with a general introduction of colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles, then delves into the most relevant synthesis pathways, stabilization procedures, and synthesis and characterization techniques. Final sections discuss promising applications, including bioimaging, biosensing, diagnostic, and energy applications—i.e., solar cells, supercapacitors and environment applications—i.e., the treatment of contaminated soil, water purification and waste remediation. Provides the most comprehensive resource on the topic, from fundamentals, to synthesis and characterization techniques Presents key applications, including biomedical, energy, electronic and environmental Discusses the most relevant techniques for synthesis, patterning and characterization

Gate Stack Engineering for Emerging Polarization based Non volatile Memories

Gate Stack Engineering for Emerging Polarization based Non volatile Memories Book
Author : Milan Pesic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 3744867889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The hafnium based ferroelectric memories offer a low power consumption, ultra-fast operation, non-volatile retention as well as the small relative cell size as the main requirements for future memories. These remarkable properties of ferroelectric memories make them promising candidates for non-volatile memories that would bridge the speed gap between fast logic and slow off-chip, long term storage. Even though the retention of hafnia based ferroelectric memories can be extrapolated to a ten-year specification target, they suffer from a rather limited endurance. Therefore, this work targets relating the field cycling behavior of hafnia based ferroelectric memories to the physical mechanisms taking place within the film stack. Establishing a correlation between the performance of the device and underlying physical mechanisms is the first step toward understanding the device and engineering guidelines for novel, superior devices. In the frame of this work, an in-depth ferroelectric and dielectric characterization, analysis and TEM study was combined with comprehensive modeling approach. Drift and diffusion based vacancy redistribution was found as the main cause for the phase transformation and consequent increase of the remnant polarization, while domain pinning and defect generation is identified to be responsible for the device fatigue. Finally, based on Landau theory, a simple way to utilize the high endurance strength of anti-ferroelectric (AFE) materials and achieve non-volatility in state-of-the-art DRAM stacks was proposed and the fabrication of the world's first non-volatile AFE-RAM is reported. These findings represent an important milestone and pave the way toward a commercialization of (anti)ferroelectric non-volatile memories based on simple binary-oxides.

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Book
Author : Kamlendra Awasthi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-10
ISBN : 0128189010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide covers the various routes for the synthesis of different types of nanostructured zinc oxide including; 1D (nanorods, nanowires etc.), 2D and 3D (nanosheets, nanoparticles, nanospheres etc.). This comprehensive overview provides readers with a clear understanding of the various parameters controlling morphologies. The book also reviews key properties of ZnO including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric and surface properties and techniques in order to tailor key properties. There is a large emphasis in the book on ZnO nanostructures and their role in optoelectronics. ZnO is very interesting and widely investigated material for a number of applications. This book presents up-to-date information about the ZnO nanostructures-based applications such as gas sensing, pH sensing, photocatalysis, antibacterial activity, drug delivery, and electrodes for optoelectronics. Reviews methods to synthesize, tailor, and characterize 1D, 2D, and 3D zinc oxide nanostructured materials Discusses key properties of zinc oxide nanostructured materials including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric, and surface properties Addresses most relevant zinc oxide applications in optoelectronics such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and sensors

Cerium Oxide CeO2 Synthesis Properties and Applications

Cerium Oxide  CeO2   Synthesis  Properties and Applications Book
Author : Salvatore Scire,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-21
ISBN : 0128156627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cerium Oxide (CeO2): Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides an updated and comprehensive account of the research in the field of cerium oxide based materials. The book is divided into three main blocks that deal with its properties, synthesis and applications. Special attention is devoted to the growing number of applications of ceria based materials, including their usage in industrial and environmental catalysis and photocatalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics, radioprotection, glass technology, pigments, stainless steel and toxicology. A brief historical introduction gives users background, and a final chapter addresses future perspectives and outlooks to stimulate future research. The book is intended for a wide audience, including students, academics and industrial researchers working in materials science, chemistry and physics. Addresses a wide range of applications of ceria-based materials, including catalysis, energy production and storage, sensors, cosmetics and toxicology Provides the fundamentals of ceria-based materials, including synthesis methods, materials properties, toxicology and surface chemistry Includes nanostructured ceria-based materials and a discussion of future prospects and outlooks

Gallium Oxide

Gallium Oxide Book
Author : Stephen Pearton,Fan Ren,Michael Mastro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-15
ISBN : 0128145226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gallium Oxide: Technology, Devices and Applications discusses the wide bandgap semiconductor and its promising applications in power electronics, solar blind UV detectors, and in extreme environment electronics. It also covers the fundamental science of gallium oxide, providing an in-depth look at the most relevant properties of this materials system. High quality bulk Ga2O3 is now commercially available from several sources and n-type epi structures are also coming onto the market. As researchers are focused on creating new complex structures, the book addresses the latest processing and synthesis methods. Chapters are designed to give readers a complete picture of the Ga2O3 field and the area of devices based on Ga2O3, from their theoretical simulation, to fabrication and application. Provides an overview of the advantages of the gallium oxide materials system, the advances in in bulk and epitaxial crystal growth, device design and processing Reviews the most relevant applications, including photodetectors, FETs, FINFETs, MOSFETs, sensors, catalytic applications, and more Addresses materials properties, including structural, mechanical, electrical, optical, surface and contact

Tin Oxide Materials

Tin Oxide Materials Book
Author : Marcelo Ornaghi Orlandi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0128162791
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tin Oxide Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications discusses the latest in metal oxides, an emerging area in electronic materials. As more is learned about this important materials system, more functionalities and applications have been revealed. This key reference on the topic covers important material that is ideal for materials scientists, materials engineers and materials chemists who have been introduced to metal oxides as a general category of materials, but want to take the next step and learn more about a specific material. Provides a complete resource on tin oxide materials systems, including in-depth discussions of properties, their synthesis, modelling methods, and applications Presents information on the well-investigated SnO2, but also includes discussions on its emerging stoichiometries, such as SnO and Sn3O4 Includes the most relevant applications in varistors, sensing devices, fuel cells, transistors, biological studies, and much more

Titanium Dioxide TiO2 and Its Applications

Titanium Dioxide  TiO2  and Its Applications Book
Author : Francesco Parrino,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-29
ISBN : 0128204346
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientific interest in TiO2-based materials has exponentially grown in the last few decades. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications introduces the main physicochemical properties of TiO2 which are the basis of its applications in various fields. While the basic principles of the TiO2 properties have been the subject of various previous publications, this book is mainly devoted to TiO2 applications. The book includes contributions written by experts from a wide range of disciplines in order to address titanium dioxide's utilization in energy, consumer, materials, devices, and catalytic applications. The various applications identified include: photocatalysis, catalysis, optics, electronics, energy storage and production, ceramics, pigments, cosmetics, sensors, and heat transfer. Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Its Applications is suitable for a wide readership in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, and engineering in both academia and industry. Includes a wide range of current and emerging applications of titanium dioxide in the fields of energy, consumer applications, materials, and devices Provides a brief overview of titanium dioxide and its properties, as well as techniques to design, deposit, and study the material Discusses the relevant properties, preparation methods, and other apposite considerations in each application-focused chapter