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Metal Oxide Nanostructures

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Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-01
ISBN : 012811505X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy

1 Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1 Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Zainovia Lockman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1351266713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large-scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials, especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed, including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented, focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide, and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as one on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology, especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Junqiao Wu,Jinbo Cao,Wei-Qiang Han,Anderson Janotti,Ho-Cheol Kim
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9781441999313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxides and particularly their nanostructures have emerged as animportant class of materials with a rich spectrum of properties and greatpotential for device applications. In this book, contributions from leadingexperts emphasize basic physical properties, synthesis and processing, and thelatest applications in such areas as energy, catalysis and data storage. Functional Metal Oxide Nanostructuresis an essential reference for any materials scientist or engineer with aninterest in metal oxides, and particularly in recent progress in defectphysics, strain effects, solution-based synthesis, ionic conduction, and theirapplications.

Metal Oxide Nanostructures as Gas Sensing Devices

Metal Oxide Nanostructures as Gas Sensing Devices Book
Author : G. Eranna
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439863415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanostructures as Gas Sensing Devices explores the development of an integrated micro gas sensor that is based on advanced metal oxide nanostructures and is compatible with modern semiconductor fabrication technology. This sensor can then be used to create a compact, low-power, handheld device for analyzing air ambience. The book first covers current gas sensing tools and discusses the necessity for miniaturized sensors. It then focuses on the materials, devices, and techniques used for gas sensing applications, such as resistance and capacitance variations. The author addresses the issues of sensitivity, concentration, and temperature dependency as well as the response and recovery times crucial for sensors. He also presents techniques for synthesizing different metal oxides, particularly those with nanodimensional structures. The text goes on to highlight the gas sensing properties of many nanostructured metal oxides, from aluminum and cerium to iron and titanium to zinc and zirconium. The final chapters deal with existing and future devices that are based on nanostructures. Miniaturized systems that analyze air ambience need sensors capable of identifying different gaseous species. Exploring state-of-the-art gas sensing devices, this book shows how nanostructured metal oxides are ideally suited for use as gas sensing elements.

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles 2 Volume Set

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Oliver Diwald,Thomas Berger
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-14
ISBN : 1119436745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles A complete nanoparticle resource for chemists and industry professionals Metal oxide nanoparticles are integral to a wide range of natural and technological processes—from mineral transformation to electronics. Additionally, the fields of engineering, electronics, energy technology, and electronics all utilize metal oxide nanoparticle powders. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Formation, Functional Properties, and Interfaces presents readers with the most relevant synthesis and formulation approaches for using metal oxide nanoparticles as functional materials. It covers common processing routes and the assessment of physical and chemical particle properties through comprehensive and complementary characterization methods. This book will serve as an introduction to nanoparticle formulation, their interface chemistry and functional properties at the nanoscale. It will also act as an in-depth resource, sharing detailed information on advanced approaches to the physical, chemical, surface, and interface characterization of metal oxide nanoparticle powders and dispersions. Addresses the application of metal oxide nanoparticles and its economic impact Examines particle synthesis, including the principles of selected bottom-up strategies Explores nanoparticle formulation—a selection of processing and application routes Discusses the significance of particle surfaces and interfaces on structure formation, stability and functional materials properties Covers metal oxide nanoparticle characterization at different length scales With this valuable resource, academic researchers, industrial chemists, and PhD students can all gain insight into the synthesis, properties, and applications of metal oxide nanoparticles.

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides Book
Author : Grzegorz D. Sulka
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-27
ISBN : 0128168773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides: Synthesis and Applications reviews the current status of fabrication strategies that have been successfully developed to generate nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous anodic oxides on a range of metals. The most recent achievements and innovative strategies for the synthesis of nanoporous aluminum oxide and nanotubular titanium oxide are discussed. However, a special emphasis is placed on the possibility of fabrication of nanostructured oxide layers with different morphologies on other metals, including aluminum titanium, tantalum, tin, zinc, zirconium and copper. In addition, emerging biomedical applications of synthesized materials are discussed in detail. During the past decade, great progress has been made both in the preparation and characterization of various nanomaterials and their functional applications. The anodization of metals has proven to be reliable for the synthesis of nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous metal oxides to produce a desired diameter, density, aspect ratio (length to diameter) of pores/tubes, and internal pore/tube structure. Provides an in-depth overview of anodization techniques for a range of metals Explores the emerging applications of anodic metal oxides Explains mechanisms of formation valve metal oxides via anodization

Metal Oxide Nanostructures Chemistry

Metal Oxide Nanostructures Chemistry Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Jolivet
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-01-04
ISBN : 0190928123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This much-anticipated new edition of Jolivet's work builds on the edition published in 2000. It is entirely updated, restructured and increased in content. The book focuses on the formation by techniques of green chemistry of oxide nanoparticles having a technological interest. Jolivet introduces the most recent concepts and modelings such as dynamics of particle growth, ordered aggregation, ionic and electronic interfacial transfers. A general view of the metal hydroxides, oxy-hydroxides and oxides through the periodic table is given, highlighting the influence of the synthesis conditions on crystalline structure, size and morphology of nanoparticles. The formation of aluminum, iron, titanium, manganese and zirconium oxides are specifically studied. These nanomaterials have a special interest in many technological fields such as ceramic powders, catalysis and photocatalysis, colored pigments, polymers, cosmetics and also in some biological or environmental phenomena.

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials Book
Author : Sneha Mohan,Samuel Oluwatobi Oluwafemi,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-29
ISBN : 0081019769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials: Advances and Key Technologies discusses the latest advancements in the synthesis of various types of nanomaterials. The book's main objective is to provide a comprehensive review regarding the latest advances in synthesis protocols that includes up-to-date data records on the synthesis of all kinds of inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods. The synthesis of all important nanomaterials, such as carbon nanostructures, Core-shell Quantum dots, Metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nanoferrites, polymer nanostructures, nanofibers, and smart nanomaterials are discussed, making this a one-stop reference resource on research accomplishments in this area. Leading researchers from industry, academia, government and private research institutions across the globe have contributed to the book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students working in the field of polymer nanocomposites will benefit from its solutions for material problems. Provides an up-to-date data record on the synthesis of all kinds of organic and inorganic nanostructures using various physical and chemical methods Presents the latest advances in synthesis protocols Includes the latest techniques used in the physical and chemical characterization of nanomaterials Covers the characterization of all the important materials groups, such as carbon nanostructures, core-shell quantum dots, metal and metal oxide nanostructures, Nano ferrites, polymer nanostructures and nanofibers

Synthesis Properties and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials

Synthesis  Properties  and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials Book
Author : José A. Rodriguez,Marcos Fernández-García
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-03-30
ISBN : 0470108967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current oxide nanomaterials knowledge to draw from and build on Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials summarizes the existing knowledge in oxide-based materials research. It gives researchers one comprehensive resource that consolidates general theoretical knowledge alongside practical applications. Organized by topic for easy access, this reference: * Covers the fundamental science, synthesis, characterization, physicochemical properties, and applications of oxide nanomaterials * Explains the fundamental aspects (quantum-mechanical and thermodynamic) that determine the behavior and growth mode of nanostructured oxides * Examines synthetic procedures using top-down and bottom-up fabrication technologies involving liquid-solid or gas-solid transformations * Discusses the sophisticated experimental techniques and state-of-the-art theory used to characterize the structural and electronic properties of nanostructured oxides * Describes applications such as sorbents, sensors, ceramic materials, electrochemical and photochemical devices, and catalysts for reducing environmental pollution, transforming hydrocarbons, and producing hydrogen With its combination of theory and real-world applications plus extensive bibliographic references, Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials consolidates a wealth of current, complex information in one volume for practicing chemists, physicists, and materials scientists, and for engineers and researchers in government, industry, and academia. It's also an outstanding reference for graduate students in chemistry, chemical engineering, physics, and materials science.

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Book
Author : Kamlendra Awasthi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-10
ISBN : 0128189010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide covers the various routes for the synthesis of different types of nanostructured zinc oxide including; 1D (nanorods, nanowires etc.), 2D and 3D (nanosheets, nanoparticles, nanospheres etc.). This comprehensive overview provides readers with a clear understanding of the various parameters controlling morphologies. The book also reviews key properties of ZnO including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric and surface properties and techniques in order to tailor key properties. There is a large emphasis in the book on ZnO nanostructures and their role in optoelectronics. ZnO is very interesting and widely investigated material for a number of applications. This book presents up-to-date information about the ZnO nanostructures-based applications such as gas sensing, pH sensing, photocatalysis, antibacterial activity, drug delivery, and electrodes for optoelectronics. Reviews methods to synthesize, tailor, and characterize 1D, 2D, and 3D zinc oxide nanostructured materials Discusses key properties of zinc oxide nanostructured materials including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric, and surface properties Addresses most relevant zinc oxide applications in optoelectronics such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and sensors

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices Book
Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-19
ISBN : 9780367275471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields like solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, energy storage devices etc. The proposed technical reference book covers all points from synthesis, properties and application of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate level students and researchers associated with energy and environment sector, it addresses the application of non-toxic and environmentally-friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment Deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage and hydrogen generation.

Chemically Deposited Nanocrystalline Metal Oxide Thin Films

Chemically Deposited Nanocrystalline Metal Oxide Thin Films Book
Author : Fabian I. Ezema,Chandrakant D. Lokhande,Rajan Jose
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-26
ISBN : 3030684628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book guides beginners in the areas of thin film preparation, characterization, and device making, while providing insight into these areas for experts. As chemically deposited metal oxides are currently gaining attention in development of devices such as solar cells, supercapacitors, batteries, sensors, etc., the book illustrates how the chemical deposition route is emerging as a relatively inexpensive, simple, and convenient solution for large area deposition. The advancement in the nanostructured materials for the development of devices is fully discussed.

1 Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1 Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Zainovia Lockman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-14
ISBN : 1351266705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures

Carbon and Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Noorhana Yahya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-12
ISBN : 3642146732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume covers all aspects of carbon and oxide based nanostructured materials. The topics include synthesis, characterization and application of carbon-based namely carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes, carbon filled composites etc. In addition, metal oxides namely, ZnO, TiO2, Fe2O3, ferrites, garnets etc., for various applications like sensors, solar cells, transformers, antennas, catalysts, batteries, lubricants, are presented. The book also includes the modeling of oxide and carbon based nanomaterials. The book covers the topics: Synthesis, characterization and application of carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, fullerenes Synthesis, characterization and application of oxide based nanomaterials. Nanostructured magnetic and electric materials and their applications. Nanostructured materials for petro-chemical industry. Oxide and carbon based thin films for electronics and sustainable energy. Theory, calculations and modeling of nanostructured materials.

Chemically Modified Metal Oxide Nanostructures Electrodes for Sensing and Energy Conversion

Chemically Modified Metal Oxide Nanostructures Electrodes for Sensing and Energy Conversion Book
Author : Sami Elhag
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2017-02-02
ISBN : 9176855902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The goal of this thesis is the development of scalable, low cost synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures based electrodes and to correlate the chemical modifications with their energy conversion performance. Methods in energy conversion in this thesis have focused on two aspects; a potentiometric chemical sensor was used to determine the analytical concentration of some components of the analyte solution such as dopamine, glucose and glutamate molecules. The second aspect is to fabricate a photo-electrochemical (PEC) cell. The biocompatibility, excellent electro-catalytic activities and fast electron transfer kinetics accompanied with a high surface area to volume ratio; are properties of some metal oxide nanostructures that of a potential for their use in energy conversion. Furthermore, metal oxide nanostructures based electrode can effectively be improved by the physical or a chemical modification of electrode surface. Among these metal oxide nanostructures are cobalt oxide (Co3O4), zinc oxide (ZnO), and bismuth-zincvanadate (BiZn2VO6) have all been studied in this thesis. Metal oxide nanostructures based electrodes are fabricated on gold-coated glass substrate by low temperature (< 100 0C) wet chemicalapproach. X-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the electrodes while ultraviolet-visible absorption and photoluminescence were used to investigate the optical properties of the nanostructures. The resultant modified electrodes were tested for their performance as chemical sensors and for their efficiency in PEC activities. Efficient chemically modified electrodes were demonstrated through doping with organic additives like anionic, nonionic or cationic surfactants. The organic additives are showing a crucial role in the growth process of metal oxide nanocrystals and hence can beused to control the morphology. These organic additives act also as impurities that would significantly change the conductivity of the electrodes. However, no organic compounds dependence was observed to modify the crystallographic structure. The findings in this thesis indicate the importance of the use of controlled nanostructures morphology for developing efficient functional materials.

Nanohybrids in Environmental Biomedical Applications

Nanohybrids in Environmental   Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Surender Kumar Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-09
ISBN : 1351256831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterostructured nanoparticles have the capability for a broad range of novel and enhanced properties, which leads to appealing biomedical and environmental applications. This timely new book addresses the design and preparation of multiphase nanomaterials with desired size, shape, phase composition, and crystallinity, as well as their current applications. It emphasizes key examples to motivate deeper studies, including nanomaterial-based hyperthermia treatment of cancer, nanohybrids for water purification, nanostructures used in the removal or detection of bioagents from waste water, and so on. Features Presents state of the art research on heterostructured nanomaterials, from their synthesis and physiochemical properties to current environmental and biological applications. Includes details on toxicity and risk assessment of multifunctional nanomaterials. Discusses recent developments and utilization in healthcare by leading experts. Introduces the main features of functionalization of nanomaterials in terms of desired size, shape, phase composition, surface functionalization/coating, toxicity, and geometry. Emphasizes practical applications in the environmental and biomedical sectors.

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents Book
Author : Markus Niederberger,Nicola Pinna
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-17
ISBN : 1848826710
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents discusses recent advances in the chemistry involved for the controlled synthesis and assembly of metal oxide nanoparticles, the characterizations required by such nanoobjects, and their size and shape depending properties. In the last few years, a valuable alternative to the well-known aqueous sol-gel processes was developed in the form of nonaqueous solution routes. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents reviews and compares surfactant- and solvent-controlled routes, as well as providing an overview of techniques for the characterization of metal oxide nanoparticles, crystallization pathways, the physical properties of metal oxide nanoparticles, their applications in diverse fields of technology, and their assembly into larger nano- and mesostructures. Researchers and postgraduates in the fields of nanomaterials and sol-gel chemistry will appreciate this book’s informative approach to chemical formation mechanisms in relation to metal oxides.

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Magnus Willander
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-22
ISBN : 9814411345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Zinc oxide (ZnO) in its nanostructured form is emerging as a promising material with great potential for the development of many smart electronic devices. This book presents up-to-date information about various synthesis methods to obtain device-quality ZnO nanostructures. It describes both high-temperature (over 100° C) and low-temperature (under 100° C) approaches to synthesizing ZnO nanostructures; device applications for technical and medical devices, light-emitting diodes, electrochemical sensors, nanogenerators, and photodynamic therapy; and the concept of self-powered devices and systems using ZnO nanostructures. The book emphasizes the utilization of non-conventional substrates such as plastic, paper, and textile as new platforms for developing electronics.

Functional Metal Oxides

Functional Metal Oxides Book
Author : Satishchandra Balkrishna Ogale,T. Venky Venkatesan,Mark Blamire
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-11-08
ISBN : 3527654887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional oxides are used both as insulators and metallic conductors in key applications across all industrial sectors. This makes them attractive candidates in modern technology ? they make solar cells cheaper, computers more efficient and medical instrumentation more sensitive. Based on recent research, experts in the field describe novel materials, their properties and applications for energy systems, semiconductors, electronics, catalysts and thin films. This monograph is divided into 6 parts which allows the reader to find their topic of interest quickly and efficiently. * Magnetic Oxides * Dopants, Defects and Ferromagnetism in Metal Oxides * Ferroelectrics * Multiferroics * Interfaces and Magnetism * Devices and Applications This book is a valuable asset to materials scientists, solid state chemists, solid state physicists, as well as engineers in the electric and automotive industries.

Gas Sensors

Gas Sensors Book
Author : Sher Bahadar Khan,Abdullah Asiri,Kalsoom Akhtar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-25
ISBN : 1789851599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the applications of nanomaterials in the fabrication of gas sensors. It covers recent developments of different materials used to design gas sensors, such as conducting polymers, semiconductors, as well as layered and nanosized materials. The widespread applications of various gas sensors for the detection of toxic gases are also discussed. The book provides a concise but thorough coverage of nanomaterials applications and utilization in gas sensors. In addition, it overviews recent developments in and the fabrication of gas sensors and their attributes for a broad audience, including beginners, graduate students, and specialists in both academic and industrial sectors.