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Metal Nanoclusters In Catalysis And Materials Science

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Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science The Issue of Size Control

Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science  The Issue of Size Control Book
Author : Benedetto Corain,Guenter Schmid,N Toshima
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 9780080555003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science: The Issue of Size Control deals with the synthesis of metal nanoclusters along all known methodologies. Physical and chemical properties of metal nanoclusters relevant to their applications in chemical processing and materials science are covered thoroughly. Special attention is given to the role of metal nanoclusters size and shape in catalytic processes and catalytic applications relevant to industrial chemical processing. An excellent text for expanding the knowledge on the chemistry and physics of metal nanoclusters. Divided in two parts; Part I deals with general aspects of the matter and Part II has to be considered a useful handbook dealing with the production of metal nanoclusters, especially from their size-control point of view. * Divided into two parts for ease of reference: general and operational * Separation of synthetic aspects, physical properties and applications * Specific attention is given to the task of metal nanoclusters size-control

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis

Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis Book
Author : Franklin (Feng) Tao
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2014-06-30
ISBN : 1782620338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis is a central topic in chemical transformation and energy conversion. Thanks to the spectacular achievements of colloidal chemistry and the synthesis of nanomaterials over the last two decades, there have also been significant advances in nanoparticle catalysis. Catalysis on different metal nanostructures with well-defined structures and composition has been extensively studied. Metal nanocrystals synthesized with colloidal chemistry exhibit different catalytic performances in contrast to metal nanoparticles prepared with impregnation or deposition precipitation. Additionally, theoretical approaches in predicting catalysis performance and understanding catalytic mechanism on these metal nanocatalysts have made significant progress. Metal Nanoparticles for Catalysis is a comprehensive text on catalysis on Nanoparticles, looking at both their synthesis and applications. Chapter topics include nanoreactor catalysis; Pd nanoparticles in C-C coupling reactions; metal salt-based gold nanocatalysts; theoretical insights into metal nanocatalysts; and nanoparticle mediated clock reaction. This book bridges the gap between nanomaterials synthesis and characterization, and catalysis. As such, this text will be a valuable resource for postgraduate students and researchers in these exciting fields.

Nanohybridization of Organic Inorganic Materials

Nanohybridization of Organic Inorganic Materials Book
Author : Atsushi Muramatsu,Tokuji Miyashita
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9783540922339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesis and application of nanoparticles have been often reported by researchers in material science, chemistry and physics. While nanoparticles themselves are well known to exhibit fascinating characteristics. interest in their improvement and promotion is now turning to the hybridization of organic and/or inorganic nano-materials. Although nano-level hybridization is an outstandingly novel and original technique, it encounters many difficulties to achieving the desired industrial application. To thoroughly review the research in this field, this book focuses on the synthesis, characterization and process of nano-hybrid materials, including nanoparticles and ultra-thin films. It elucidates the fundamental aspects of nano-hybrid materials in the synthesis procedure, characterization, and processes with selected examples, from both the basic science and the engineering appications points of view. In fact, this is the first comprehensive compilation of new advances that covers the current status and topics of new synthetic information of nano-hybrid materials composed of organic and/or inorganic materials at the nano-meter level, in one volume. As such, the book provides a unique source of information and guidance for specialists and non-specialists alike.

Metal Nanoparticles and Nanoalloys

Metal Nanoparticles and Nanoalloys Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 0080982115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of nanoscience has undergone tremendous growth in the past decade as the number of applications of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials have proliferated. Metal nanoparticles have attracted particular interest due to their potential for applications in areas as diverse as catalysis, medicine and opto-electronics. The chemical and physical properties of metal nanoparticles can vary smoothly or discontinuously with nanoparticle size, depending on the size regime and the property. In the case of bi- or multimetallic nanoparticles ("nanoalloys"), these properties also depend on the elemental composition and the chemical ordering – how the metals are distributed in the nanoparticles.It is this tunability of behavior that makes metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys so versatile and appealing. This book begins with a tutorial introducing the theoretical ideas and models that have been developed to understand metal nanoparticles. It gives an overview of experimental methods for generating and characterizing metal nanoparticles and nanoalloys and of their properties and applications, providing an introduction to material covered in more depth in subsequent chapters. A major theme of all the chapters is the effect of nanoparticle size, shape and surface chemistry on their properties – especially optical and catalytic properties. A unified discussion of the inter-relations between modelling, synthesis and physical properties of nanoparticles and nanoalloys A discussion of the most promising new catalytic and photocatalytic applications of nanoparticles and the approaches used to achieve these goals A tutorial introduction which provides a basis for understanding the subsequent specialized chapters

Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research

Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-09
ISBN : 111893928X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the water research applications of nanotechnology invarious areas including environmental science, remediation,membranes, nanomaterials, and water treatment At the nano size, materials often take on unique and sometimesunexpected properties that result in them being ‘tuned’to build faster, lighter, stronger, and more efficient devices andsystems, as well as creating new classes of materials. In waterresearch, nanotechnology is applied to develop more cost-effectiveand high-performance water treatment systems, as well as to provideinstant and continuous ways to monitor water quality. This volume presents an array of cutting-edge nanotechnologyresearch in water applications including treatment, remediation,sensing, and pollution prevention. Nanotechnology applications forwaste water research have significant impact in maintaining thelong-term quality, availability, and viability of water. Regardlessof the origin, such as municipal or industrial waste water, itsremediation utilizing nanotechnology can not only be recycled anddesalinized, but it can simultaneously detect biological andchemical contamination. Application of Nanotechnology in Water Research describesa broad area of nanotechnology and water research where membraneprocesses (nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, andnanoreactive membranes) are considered key components of advancedwater purification and desalination technologies that remove,reduce, or neutralize water contaminants that threaten human healthand/or ecosystem productivity and integrity. Various nanoparticlesand nanomaterials that could be used in water remediation(zeolites, carbon nanotubes, self-assembled monolayer on mesoporoussupports, biopolymers, single-enzyme nanoparticles, zero-valentiron nanoparticles, bimetallic iron nanoparticles, and nanoscalesemiconductor photocatalysts) are discussed. The book also coverswater-borne infectious diseases as well as water-borne pathogens,microbes, and toxicity approach.

Computational Materials Science

Computational Materials Science Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-03-19
ISBN : 9780080529639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational tools have been permanently deposited into the toolbox of theoretical chemists. The impact of new computational tools can hardly be overestimated, and their presence in research and applications is overwhelming. Theoretical methods such as quantum mechanics, molecular dynamics, and statistical mechanics have been successfully used to characterize chemical systems and to design new materials, drugs, and chemicals. This volume on Computational Material Sciences covers selected examples of notable applications of computational techniques to material science. The chapters contained in this volume include discussions of the phenomenon of chaos in chemistry, reaction network analysis, and mechanisms of formation of clusters. Details of more practical applications are also included in the form of reviews of computational design of new materials and the prediction of properties and structures of well known molecular assemblies. Current developments of effective computational methods, which will help in understanding, predicting, and optimizing periodic systems, nanostructures, clusters and model surfaces are also covered in this volume. Reviews of current computational methods applied in material science Reviews of practical applications of modelling of structures and properties of materials Cluster and periodical approaches

Nanoparticles in Catalysis

Nanoparticles in Catalysis Book
Author : Karine Philippot,Alain Roucoux
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2020-12-21
ISBN : 9783527346073
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by an international team of leaders in the field, the book covers recent advances and new tools for the efficient synthesis of metal nanoparticles and their application in important catalytic reactions.

Nanoparticles and Catalysis

Nanoparticles and Catalysis Book
Author : Didier Astruc
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-06-25
ISBN : 3527621334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by international experts, this monograph combines two of the most important aspects of modern chemistry, presenting the latest knowledge on these environmental friendly applications. This result is a comprehensive overview of the application of nanoparticles in catalysis, focusing on synthesis and the most important reaction types, providing all the information needed by catalytic, organic and solid state chemists, as well as those working with or on organometallics, materials scientists, and chemists in industry.

Metal Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons

Metal Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons Book
Author : Geoffrey C. Bond
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-07-01
ISBN : 9780387241418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book, drawing on the author’s lifetime experience, critically evaluates the extensive literature on the field of Metal-Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons. Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms involving hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, skeletal and positional isomerisation, and exchange reactions. The motivation for fundamental research in heterogeneous catalysis is to identify the physicochemical characteristics of active centres for the reaction being studied, to learn how these may be modified or manipulated to improve the desired behavior of the catalyst, and to recognize and control those aspects of the catalyst's structure that limit its overall performance. By restricting the subject of the book to hydrocarbons, Bond has progressively developed the subject matter to include areas of importance both to researchers and to those working in the industry.

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters

Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters Book
Author : Zhikun Wu,Rongchao Jin
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2020-11-06
ISBN : 1636390250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atomically precise metal nanocluster research has emerged as a new frontier. This book serves as an introduction to metal nanoclusters protected by ligands. The authors have summarized the synthesis principles and methods, the characterization methods and new physicochemical properties, and some potential applications. By pursuing atomic precision, such nanocluster materials provide unprecedented opportunities for establishing precise relationships between the atomic-level structures and the properties. The book should be accessible to senior undergraduate and graduate students, researchers in various fields (e.g., chemistry, physics, materials, biomedicine, and engineering), R&D scientists, and science policy makers.

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well Defined Structures Book
Author : Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 0128013400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Metal Nanoparticles

Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Daniel L. Fedlheim,Colby A. Foss
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-10-26
ISBN : 9780585404394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art reference, Metal Nanoparticles offers the latest research on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanoparticles. Following an introduction of structural, optical, electronic, and electrochemical properties of nanoparticles, the book elaborates on nanoclusters, hyper-Raleigh scattering, nanoarrays, and several applications including single electron devices, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, and DNA detection. The text emphasizes how size, shape, and surface chemistry affect particle performance throughout. Topics include synthesis and formation of nanoclusters, nanosphere lithography, modeling of nanoparticle optical properties, and biomolecule sensors.

Nanomaterials in Catalysis

Nanomaterials in Catalysis Book
Author : Philippe Serp,Karine Philippot
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-15
ISBN : 3527656898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocatalysis has emerged as a field at the interface between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and offers unique solutions to the demanding requirements for catalyst improvement. Heterogeneous catalysis represents one of the oldest commercial applications of nanoscience and nanoparticles of metals, semiconductors, oxides, and other compounds have been widely used for important chemical reactions. The main focus of this fi eld is the development of well-defined catalysts, which may include both metal nanoparticles and a nanomaterial as the support. These nanocatalysts should display the benefits of both homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts, such as high efficiency and selectivity, stability and easy recovery/recycling. The concept of nanocatalysis is outlined in this book and, in particular, it provides a comprehensive overview of the science of colloidal nanoparticles. A broad range of topics, from the fundamentals to applications in catalysis, are covered, without excluding micelles, nanoparticles in ionic liquids, dendrimers, nanotubes, and nanooxides, as well as modeling, and the characterization of nanocatalysts, making it an indispensable reference for both researchers at universities and professionals in industry.

Nanoparticles

Nanoparticles Book
Author : Vincent M. Rotello
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-01
ISBN : 9780306482878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book presents a distinctly chemical approach to nanoparticle research. Nanoparticles: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology integrates synthesis, methods and applications to provide an exciting view of nanoparticle science for researchers in the areas of: inorganic, organic, biological, and physical chemistry; materials science; electrical engineering; physics; polymer science; colloid science. It should also appeal to material scientists and physicists who realize the need and benefit of contributions to further develop this field."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Creation of New Metal Nanoparticles and Their Hydrogen Storage and Catalytic Properties

Creation of New Metal Nanoparticles and Their Hydrogen Storage and Catalytic Properties Book
Author : Kohei Kusada
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-16
ISBN : 4431550879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis reports the discovery of metal nanoparticles having new structures that do not exist in bulk state and that exhibit hydrogen storage ability or CO oxidation activity. Research into the reaction of hydrogen with metals has attracted much attention because of potential applications as effective hydrogen storage materials, as permeable films, or as catalysts for hydrogenation. Also, CO oxidation catalysts have been extensively developed because of their importance to CO removal from car exhaust or fuel-cell systems. At the same time, atomic-level (solid solution) alloying has the advantage of being able to continuously control chemical and physical properties of elements by changing compositions and/or combinations of constituent elements. This thesis provides a novel strategy for the basis of inter-elemental fusion to create highly efficient functional materials for energy and material conversions.

Chemoresponsive Materials

Chemoresponsive Materials Book
Author : Hans-Jörg Schneider
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-07-13
ISBN : 1782620621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart materials stimulated by chemical or biological signals are of interest for their many applications including drug delivery, as well as in new sensors and actuators for environmental monitoring, process and food control, and medicine. In contrast to other books on responsive materials, this volume concentrates on materials which are stimulated by chemical or biological signals. Chemoresponsive Materials introduces the area with chapters covering different responsive material systems including hydrogels, organogels, membranes, thin layers, polymer brushes, chemomechanical and imprinted polymers, nanomaterials, silica particles, as well as carbohydrate- and bio-based systems. Many promising applications are highlighted, with an emphasis on drug delivery, sensors and actuators. With contributions from internationally known experts, the book will appeal to graduate students and researchers in academia, healthcare and industry interested in functional materials and their applications.

Current Trends of Surface Science and Catalysis

Current Trends of Surface Science and Catalysis Book
Author : Jeong Young Park
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-23
ISBN : 1461487420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique book covers the latest surface science studies on model catalysts, including single crystals, non-colloidal nanocatalysts, and nanoparticles in various forms with the control of size, shape and composition. This book addresses the issue of bridging “materials and pressure gaps” and also discusses the important issue of metal-oxide interface and hot electron flows in heterogeneous catalysis. The current development of in-situ surface techniques that is relevant to bridging “pressure gaps” is also highlighted.

Nanoscale Materials

Nanoscale Materials Book
Author : Luis M. Liz-Marzán,Prashant V. Kamat
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-08
ISBN : 0306481081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organized nanoassemblies of inorganic nanoparticles and organic molecules are building blocks of nanodevices, whether they are designed to perform molecular level computing, sense the environment or improve the catalytic properties of a material. The key to creation of these hybrid nanostructures lies in understanding the chemistry at a fundamental level. This book serves as a reference book for researchers by providing fundamental understanding of many nanoscopic materials.

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bradley Ladewig,San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-19
ISBN : 3527644318
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.