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Metal And Nutrient Transporters In Abiotic Stress

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Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-01-01
ISBN : 0128179562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress focuses on the different forms of environmental stress related to heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency that have the potential to inflict major damages to crop plants, leading to a massive decrease in crop yield and productivity. The book presents the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters related to the uptake of metals/metalloids and nutrient elements during different stresses and their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. Metal and Nutrient Transporters in Abiotic Stress provides a comprehensive discussion that will help in mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and written by a global team of knowledgeable contributors, this book will further stimulate research in the field of transporter proteins and will foster further interests for researchers, academicians and scientists worldwide. It is complimented by its companion book titled Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress. Focuses exclusively on metal and nutrient transporters involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains exploiting transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses such as heavy metal, metalloid and nutrient deficiency Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kunar Tripathi,Rupesh Deshmukh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 0128179597
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Transporters and Plant Osmotic Stress: Sensing, Signaling and Trafficking focuses on the potential negative impact of abiotic stresses on plant health and crop yield. The book focuses on the current state of knowledge of the biochemical and molecular regulation of several classes of membrane transporters during different stresses, along with their probable mechanisms of operation in plant stress tolerance. The exhaustive discussion presented in this book highlights steps appropriate for mitigating multiple forms of stresses utilizing transporter proteins. Edited by leading experts and authored by top researchers from around the world, the book will be valuable to researchers, academicians and scientists who want to enhance and boost their knowledge for further research in the field of transporters with respect to abiotic stress responses. Focuses exclusively on the transporter proteins involved in multiple environmental stresses in plants Explains how to exploit transporters in crop improvement programs through transgenic technology against different stresses like salt, dehydration and temperature impacts Serves as an important source of information in the field of abiotic stress

Plant Nutrients and Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Plant Nutrients and Abiotic Stress Tolerance Book
Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Masayuki Fujita,Hirosuke Oku,Kamrun Nahar,Barbara Hawrylak-Nowak
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-01
ISBN : 9811090440
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses many aspects of plant-nutrient-induced abiotic stress tolerance. It consists of 22 informative chapters on the basic role of plant nutrients and the latest research advances in the field of plant nutrients in abiotic stress tolerance as well as their practical applications. Today, plant nutrients are not only considered as food for plants, but also as regulators of numerous physiological processes including stress tolerance. They also interact with a number of biological molecules and signaling cascades. Although research work and review articles on the role of plant nutrients in abiotic stress tolerance have been published in a range of journals, annual reviews and book chapters, to date there has been no comprehensive book on this topic. As such, this timely book is a valuable resource for a wide audience, including plant scientists, agronomists, soil scientists, botanists, molecular biologists and environmental scientists.

Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : M. Iqbal R. Khan,Amarjeet Singh,Péter Poór
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-13
ISBN : 0429648529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stresses such as drought, flooding, high or low temperatures, metal toxicity and salinity can hamper plant growth and development. Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants explains the physiological and molecular mechanisms plants naturally exhibit to withstand abiotic stresses and outlines the potential approaches to enhance plant abiotic stress tolerance to extreme conditions. Synthesising developments in plant stress biology, the book offers strategies that can be used in breeding, genomic, molecular, physiological and biotechnological approaches that hold the potential to develop resilient plants and improve crop productivity worldwide. Features · Comprehensively explains molecular and physiological mechanism of multiple abiotic stress tolerance in plants · Discusses recent advancements in crop abiotic stress tolerance mechanism and highlights strategies to develop abiotic stress tolerant genotypes for sustainability · Stimulates synthesis of information for plant stress biology for biotechnological applications · Presents essential information for large scale breeding and agricultural biotechnological programs for crop improvement Written by a team of expert scientists, this book benefits researchers in the field of plant stress biology and is essential reading for graduate students and researchers generating stress tolerant crops through genetic engineering and plant breeding. It appeals to individuals developing sustainable agriculture through physiological and biotechnological applications.

Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress

Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-30
ISBN : 1119551641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to the chemical agents that protect plants from various environmental stressors Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress offers a guide to the diverse chemical agents that have the potential to mitigate different forms of abiotic stresses in plants. Edited by two experts on the topic, the book explores the role of novel chemicals and shows how using such unique chemical agents can tackle the oxidative damages caused by environmental stresses. Exogenous application of different chemical agents or chemical priming of seeds presents opportunities for crop stress management. The use of chemical compounds as protective agents has been found to improve plant tolerance significantly in various crop and non-crop species against a range of different individually applied abiotic stresses by regulating the endogenous levels of the protective agents within plants. This important book: Explores the efficacy of various chemical agents to eliminate abiotic stress Offers a groundbreaking look at the topic and reviews the most recent advances in the field Includes information from noted authorities on the subject Promises to benefit agriculture under stress conditions at the ground level Written for researchers, academicians, and scientists, Protective Chemical Agents in the Amelioration of Plant Abiotic Stress details the wide range of protective chemical agents, their applications, and their intricate biochemical and molecular mechanism of action within the plant systems during adverse situations.

Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress

Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Dr. Aryadeep Roychoudhury,Dr. Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 1119463688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A close examination of current research on abiotic stresses in various plant species The unpredictable environmental stress conditions associated with climate change are significant challenges to global food security, crop productivity, and agricultural sustainability. Rapid population growth and diminishing resources necessitate the development of crops that can adapt to environmental extremities. Although significant advancements have been made in developing plants through improved crop breeding practices and genetic manipulation, further research is necessary to understand how genes and metabolites for stress tolerance are modulated, and how cross-talk and regulators can be tuned to achieve stress tolerance. Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress: Biology and Biotechnology is an extensive investigation of the various forms of abiotic stresses encountered in plants, and susceptibility or tolerance mechanisms found in different plant species. In-depth examination of morphological, anatomical, biochemical, molecular and gene expression levels enables plant scientists to identify the different pathways and signaling cascades involved in stress response. This timely book: Covers a wide range of abiotic stresses in multiple plant species Provides researchers and scientists with transgenic strategies to overcome stress tolerances in several plant species Compiles the most recent research and up-to-date data on stress tolerance Examines both selective breeding and genetic engineering approaches to improving plant stress tolerances Written and edited by prominent scientists and researchers from across the globe Molecular Plant Abiotic Stress: Biology and Biotechnology is a valuable source of information for students, academics, scientists, researchers, and industry professionals in fields including agriculture, botany, molecular biology, biochemistry and biotechnology, and plant physiology.

Genes for Plant Abiotic Stress

Genes for Plant Abiotic Stress Book
Author : Matthew A. Jenks,Andrew J. Wood
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-12-09
ISBN : 0813815029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abiotic stresses caused by drought, salinity, toxic metals, temperature extremes, and nutrient poor soils are among the major constraints to plant growth and crop production worldwide. While crop breeding strategies to improve yields have progressed, a better understanding of the genetic and biological mechanisms underpinning stress adaptation is needed. Genes For Plant Abiotic Stress presents the latest research on recently examined genes and alleles and guides discussion of the genetic and physiological determinants that will be important for crop improvement in the future.

MIPs and Their Roles in the Exchange of Metalloids

MIPs and Their Roles in the Exchange of Metalloids Book
Author : Thomas P. Jahn,Gerd P. Bienert
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-11
ISBN : 9781441963154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixteen years have passed since human aquaporin-1 (AQP1) was discovered as the first water channel, facilitating trans-membrane water fluxes. Subsequent years of research showed that the water channel AQP1 was only the tip of an iceberg; the iceberg itself being the ubiquitous super family of membrane intrinsic proteins (MIPs) that facilitate trans-membrane transport of water and an increasing number of small, water-soluble and uncharged compounds. Here we introduce you to the superfamily of MIPs and provide a summary about our gradually refined understanding of the phylogenetic relationship of its members. This volume is dedicated to the metalloids, a recently discovered group of substrates for a number of specific MIPs in a diverse spectrum of organisms. Particular focus is given to the essential boron, the beneficial silicon and the highly toxic arsenic. The respective MIP isoforms that facilitate the transport of these metalloids include members from several clades of the phylogenetic tree, suggesting that metalloid transport is an ancient function within this family of channel proteins. Among all the various substrates that have been shown to be transported by MIPs, metalloids take an outstanding position. While water transport seems to be a common function of many MIPs, single isoforms in plants have been identified as being crucially important for the uptake of boric acid as well as silicic acid. Here, the function seems not to be redundant, as mutations in those genes render plants deficient in boron and silicon, respectively.

Plant Metal Interactions

Plant Metal Interactions Book
Author : Sudhakar Srivastava,Ashish K. Srivastava,Penna Suprasanna
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 3030207323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal toxicity and deficiency are both common abiotic problems faced by plants. While metal contamination around the world is a critical issue, the bioavailability of some essential metals like zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) can be seriously low in other locations. The list of metals spread in high concentrations in soil, water and air includes several toxic as well as essential elements, such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), aluminum (Al), and selenium (Se). The problems for some metals are geographically confined, while for others, they are widespread. For instance, arsenic is an important toxic metalloid whose contamination in Southeast Asia and other parts of world is well documented. Its threats to human health via food consumption have generated immense interest in understanding plants’ responses to arsenic stress. Metals constitute crucial components of key enzymes and proteins in plants. They are important for the proper growth and development of plants. In turn, plants serve as sources of essential elements for humans and animals. Studies of their physiological effects on plants metabolism have led to the identification of crucial genes and proteins controlling metal uptake and transport, as well as the sensing and signaling of metal stresses. Plant-Metal Interactions sheds light on the latest development and research in analytical biology with respect to plant physiology. More importantly, it showcases the positive and negative impacts of metals on crop plants growth and productivity.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress Second Edition

Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress  Second Edition Book
Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-05-19
ISBN : 9780824746728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Detailing interrelated topics, this work addresses issues and concerns related to plant and crop stress. This edition includes information on pH stress, temperature stress, water-deficit conditions, carotenoids and stress, light stress, pollution stress, agrichemical stress, oxidative damage to proteins, UV-B induced stress and abiotic stress tolerance.

Osmoprotectant Mediated Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Osmoprotectant Mediated Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Vinay Kumar,David J. Burritt,Masayuki Fujita,Pirjo S. A. Mäkelä
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-01
ISBN : 3030274233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In nature, plants are constantly challenged by various abiotic and biotic stresses that can restrict their growth, development and yields. In the course of their evolution, plants have evolved a variety of sophisticated and efficient mechanisms to sense, respond to, and adapt to changes in the surrounding environment. A common defensive mechanism activated by plants in response to abiotic stress is the production and accumulation of compatible solutes (also called osmolytes). This include amino acids (mainly proline), amines (such as glycinebetaine and polyamines), and sugars (such as trehalose and sugar alcohols), all of which are readily soluble in water and non-toxic at high concentrations. The metabolic pathways involved in the biosynthesis and catabolism of compatible solutes, and the mechanisms that regulate their cellular concentrations and compartmentalization are well characterized in many important plant species. Numerous studies have provided evidence that enhanced accumulation of compatible solutes in plants correlates with increased resistance to abiotic stresses. New insights into the mechanisms associated with osmolyte accumulation in transgenic plants and the responses of plants to exogenous application of osmolyte, will further enhance our understanding of the mechanisms by which compatible solutes help to protect plants from damage due to abiotic stress and the potential roles compatible solutes could play in improving plants growth and development under optimal conditions for growth. Although there has been significant progress made in understanding the multiple roles of compatible solute in abiotic stress tolerance, many aspects associated with compatible solute-mediated abiotic stress responses and stress tolerance still require more research. As well as providing basic up-to-date information on the biosynthesis, compartmentalization and transport of compatible solute in plants, this book will also give insights into the direct or indirect involvement of these key compatible solutes in many important metabolic processes and physiological functions, including their antioxidant and signaling functions, and roles in modulating plant growth, development and abiotic stress tolerance. In this book, Osmoprotectant-mediated abiotic stress tolerance in plants: recent advances and future perspectives, we present a collection of 16 chapters written by leading experts engaged with compatible solute-induced abiotic stress tolerance in plants. The main objective of this volume is to promote the important roles of these compatible solutes in plant biology, by providing an integrated and comprehensive mix of basic and advanced information for students, scholars and scientists interested in, or already engaged in, research involving osmoprotectant. Finally, this book will be a valuable resource for future environmental stress-related research, and can be considered as a textbook for graduate students and as a reference book for front-line researchers working on the relationships between osmoprotectant and abiotic stress responses and tolerance in plants.

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change

Sustainable Agriculture in the Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Rajib Roychowdhury,Shuvasish Choudhury,Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Sangeeta Srivastava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 3030456692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Under ongoing climate changes, natural and cultivated habitats of major crops are being continuously disturbed. Such conditions impose and exacerbate abiotic and biotic stressors. Drought, salinity, flood, cold, heat, heavy metals, metalloids, oxidants, irradiation, etc. are important abiotic stressors, while diseases and infections caused by plant pathogens, such as fungal agents, bacteria and viruses, are major biotic stresses. In many instances, stresses have become the major limiting factor for agricultural productivity and exert detrimental role on growth and yield of the crops. To help feed an ever increasing world population and to ensure global food security, concerted efforts from scientists and researchers have identified strategies to manage and mitigate the impacts of climate-induced stresses. This book, summarizing their findings, is aimed at crop improvement beyond such kind of barriers, by agronomic practices (genetics, breeding, phenotyping, etc.) and biotechnological applications, including molecular markers, QTL mapping, genetic engineering, transgenesis, tissue culture, various 'omics' technologies and gene editing. It will cover a wide range of topics under environmental challenges, agronomy and agriculture processes, and biotechnological approaches. Additionally, fundamental mechanisms and applied information on stress responses and tolerance will be discussed. This book highlights problems and offers proper solutions for crop stress management with recent information and up-to-date citations. We believe this book is suitable for scientists, researchers and students working in the fields of agriculture, plant science, environmental biology and biotechnology.

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Stress Tolerance in Plants

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Stress Tolerance in Plants Book
Author : K.V. Madhava Rao,A.S. Raghavendra,K. Janardhan Reddy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-02-10
ISBN : 9781402042249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists worldwide now speak the scientific language of molecular biology and use the same molecular tools. Interest is growing in the molecular biology of abiotic stress tolerance and modes of installing better tolerant mechanisms in crop plants. Current studies make plants capable of sustaining their yields even under stressful conditions. Further, this information may form the basis for its application in biotechnology and bioinformatics.

Glutathione in Plant Growth Development and Stress Tolerance

Glutathione in Plant Growth  Development  and Stress Tolerance Book
Author : Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Mohammad Golam Mostofa,Pedro Diaz-Vivancos,David J Burritt,Masayuki Fujita,Lam-Son Phan Tran
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319666827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glutathione (γ-glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine) is a ubiquitously distributed sulfurcontaining antioxidant molecule that plays key roles in the regulation of plant growth, development, and abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. It is one of the most powerful low-molecular-weight thiols, which rapidly accumulates in plant cells under stress. Recent in-depth studies on glutathione homeostasis (biosynthesis, degradation, compartmentalization, transport, and redox turnover) and the roles of glutathione in cell proliferation and environmental stress tolerance have provided new insights for plant biologists to conduct research aimed at deciphering the mechanisms associated with glutathione-mediated plant growth and stress responses, as well as to develop stress-tolerant crop plants. Glutathione has also been suggested to be a potential regulator of epigenetic modifications, playing important roles in the regulation of genes involved in the responses of plants to changing environments. The dynamic relationship between reduced glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been well documented, and glutathione has been shown to participate in several cell signaling and metabolic processes, involving the synthesis of protein, the transport of amino acids, DNA repair, the control of cell division, and programmed cell death. Two genes, gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (GSH1) and glutathione synthetase (GSH2), are involved in GSH synthesis, and genetic manipulation of these genes can modulate cellular glutathione levels. Any fluctuations in cellular GSH and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) levels have profound effects on plant growth and development, as glutathione is associated with the regulation of the cell cycle, redox signaling, enzymatic activities, defense gene expression, systemic acquired resistance, xenobiotic detoxification, and biological nitrogen fixation. Being a major constituent of the glyoxalase system and ascorbate-glutathione cycle, GSH helps to control multiple abiotic and biotic stress signaling pathways through the regulation of ROS and methylglyoxal (MG) levels. In addition, glutathione metabolism has the potential to be genetically or biochemically manipulated to develop stress-tolerant and nutritionally improved crop plants. Although significant progress has been made in investigating the multiple roles of glutathione in abiotic and biotic stress tolerance, many aspects of glutathione-mediated stress responses require additional research. The main objective of this volume is to explore the diverse roles of glutathione in plants by providing basic, comprehensive, and in-depth molecular information for advanced students, scholars, teachers, and scientists interested in or already engaged in research that involves glutathione. Finally, this book will be a valuable resource for future glutathione-related research and can be considered as a textbook for graduate students and as a reference book for frontline researchers working on glutathione metabolism in relation to plant growth, development, stress responses, and stress tolerance.

Genetic Manipulation in Plants for Mitigation of Climate Change

Genetic Manipulation in Plants for Mitigation of Climate Change Book
Author : Pawan Kumar Jaiwal,Rana Pratap Singh,Om Parkash Dhankher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-07
ISBN : 8132226623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a detailed overview and critical evaluation of the state of the art and latest approaches in genetic manipulation studies on plants to mitigate the impact of climate change on growth and productivity. Each chapter has been written by experts in plant-stress biology and highlights the involvement of a variety of genes/pathways and their regulation in abiotic stress, recent advances in molecular breeding (identification of tightly liked markers, QTLs/genes), transgenesis (introduction of exogenous genes or changing the expression of endogenous stress- responsive genes) and genomics approaches that have made it easier to identify and isolate several key genes involved in abiotic stress such as drought, water lodging/flooding, extreme temperatures, salinity and heavy-metal toxicity. Food and nutritional security has emerged as a major global challenge due to expanding populations, and cultivated areas becoming less productive as a result of extreme climatic changes adversely affecting the quantity and quality of plants. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crop varieties resilient to abiotic stress to ensure food security and combat increased input costs, low yields and the marginalization of land. The role of GM crops in poverty alleviation, nutrition and health in developing countries and their feasibility in times of climate change are also discussed. Recent advances in gene technologies have shown t he potential for faster, more targeted crop improvements by transferring genes across the sexual barriers. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, students, planners and industrialists working in the area of biotechnology, plant agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant sciences and environmental sciences.

Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change

Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change Book
Author : Parvaiz Ahmad,M.N.V. Prasad
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-12-02
ISBN : 9781461408154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is a complex phenomenon with a wide range of impacts on the environment. Biotic and abiotic stress are a result of climate change. Abiotic stress is caused by primary and secondary stresses which are an impediment to plant productivity. Prolonged exposure to these stresses results in altered metabolism and damage to biomolecules. Plants evolve defense mechanisms to withstand these stresses, e.g. synthesis of osmolytes, osmoprotectants, and antioxidants. Stress responsive genes and gene products including expressed proteins are implicated in conferring tolerance to the plant. This volume will provide the reader with a wide spectrum of information, including vital references. It also provides information as to how phytoconstituents, hormones and plant associated microbes help the plants to tolerate the stress. This volume also highlights the use of plant resources for ameliorating soil contaminants such as heavy metals. Dr. Parvaiz is Assistant professor in Botany at A.S. College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has completed his post-graduation in Botany in 2000 from Jamia Hamdard New Delhi India. After his Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India in 2007 he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi. He has published more than 20 research papers in peer reviewed journals and 4 book chapters. He has also edited a volume which is in press with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physio-biochemical responses of different plants (mulberry, pea, Indian mustard) under environmental stress. Prof. M.N.V. Prasad is a Professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Hyderabad, India. He received B.Sc. (1973) and M.Sc. (1975) degrees from Andhra University, India, and the Ph.D. degree (1979) in botany from the University of Lucknow, India. Prasad had published 216 articles in peer reviewed journals and 82 book chapters and conference proceedings in the broad area of environmental botany and heavy metal stress in plants. He is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor for eight books. He is the recipient of Pitamber Pant national Environment Fellowship of 2007 awarded by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology Book
Author : Mohammad Pessarakli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-09-18
ISBN : 082474134X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from over 70 international experts, this reference provides comprehensive coverage of plant physiological stages and processes under both normal and stressful conditions. It emphasizes environmental factors, climatic changes, developmental stages, and growth regulators as well as linking plant and crop physiology to the production of food, feed, and medicinal compounds. Offering over 300 useful tables, equations, drawings, photographs, and micrographs, the book covers cellular and molecular aspects of plant and crop physiology, plant and crop physiological responses to heavy metal concentration and agrichemicals, computer modeling in plant physiology, and more.

Climate Change and Plants

Climate Change and Plants Book
Author : Shah Fahad,Osman Sonmez,Shah Saud,Depeng Wang,Chao Wu,Muhammad Adnan,Veysel Turan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-30
ISBN : 9780367623272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence raises every day of the varying climate and its impression on both plants and animals. Climatic changes influence all the agriculture factors, which can potentially adversely affect their productivity. Plant activities are intimately associated to climate and concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. The book Climate change and Plants Interactions: Complexities and Surprise examines how plant growth characters influences/influenced by the climate change both in past and present scenarios. The book cover papers present the cutting-edge research in key determinates of plant growth in response to atmospheric CO2 enhancement and global warming. Salient Features Discourses numerous goals of sustainable development goals projected by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda. Highlights the appropriate approaches for maintaining better plant growth under changing climatic conditions Presents diversity of techniques used across plant science. Design to cater to the needs of researchers, technologists, policy makers and undergraduates and postgraduates' students studying, sustainable crop production, crop protection. Addresses plant responses to atmospheric CO2 increase.

Lotus japonicus Handbook

Lotus japonicus Handbook Book
Author : Antonio J. Márquez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-10-26
ISBN : 9781402037344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Legumes are very important plants playing a central role in biological research. They are a key component of sustainable agricultural systems because of symbiotic nitrogen fixation and other beneficial symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi. Studies on most of the major leguminous crops are hampered by large genome sizes and other disadvantages which have hindered the isolation and characterisation of genes with important roles in legume biology and agriculture. For this reason Lotus japonicus was chosen as a model species for legume research some ten years ago. Since then, many groups around the world have adopted Lotus as a model and have developed numerous resources and protocols to facilitate basic and applied research on this species. This handbook represents the first effort to compile basic descriptions and methods for research in Lotus, including symbiotic processes, cell and molecular biology protocols, functional genomics, mutants, gene tagging and genetic analysis, transformation and reverse genetic analysis, primary and secondary metabolism, and an exhaustive update of the scientific literature available on this plant.

Detoxification of Heavy Metals

Detoxification of Heavy Metals Book
Author : Irena Sherameti,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-01
ISBN : 9783642214080
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy metals are severe environmental pollutants, and many of them are toxic even at very low concentrations. With industrial development, soil pollution with heavy metal elements have dramatically increased. The uptake of heavy metals via plants that are exposed to contaminated soils is a risk for human health and a major hazard for the ecosystem as a whole, including soil microorganisms. On the other hand, plants may be used in the decontamination of soils. The topics presented in this book include: sources of heavy metals contaminants in soils; plant species that can grow on contaminated soils; the phytoremediation of contaminated soils; tolerance, accumulation and detoxification mechanisms of zinc, copper, arsenic, cadmium and vanadium in plants; the critical role of sulfur metabolism in heavy metal tolerance; the role of aquatic macrophytes, plant growth-promoting bacteria, sugar crops and earthworms in detoxification; and heavy metal stabilization by promoting zeolite synthesis in soils.