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Meso Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism

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Meso Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism

Meso Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism Book
Author : Anderson Costa Dos Santos,Peter Christian Hackspacher
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-08
ISBN : 0128239883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meso-Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism: Geochemistry, Petrology and Tectonics presents detailed studies from different points-of-view on the geological-particularly magmatic-evolution of the Brazilian and South Atlantic Ocean offshore areas. This comprehensive book on geological events will help readers understand the holistic evolution of the area across geographical boundaries. Each chapter consists of an introduction, regional and local geology, methods, results, discussions, conclusions and supplementary material related to the geological development in island and seamounts in the Brazilian Platform and seafloor. Integrates independent studies and research of the Brazilian offshore magmatism and tectonics into a single book Includes new seamount and island data that was previously unavailable to the public Introduces case studies to provide real-world examples of volcanism and scientific evolution

Meso Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism

Meso Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism Book
Author : Anderson Costa Dos Santos,Peter Christian Hackspacher
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-03
ISBN : 0128242418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meso-Cenozoic Brazilian Offshore Magmatism: Geochemistry, Petrology and Tectonics presents detailed studies from different points-of-view on the geological—particularly magmatic—evolution of the Brazilian and South Atlantic Ocean offshore areas. This comprehensive book on geological events will help readers understand the holistic evolution of the area across geographical boundaries. Each chapter consists of an introduction, regional and local geology, methods, results, discussions, conclusions and supplementary material related to the geological development in island and seamounts in the Brazilian Platform and seafloor. Integrates independent studies and research of the Brazilian offshore magmatism and tectonics into a single book Includes new seamount and island data that was previously unavailable to the public Introduces case studies to provide real-world examples of volcanism and scientific evolution

Conjugate Divergent Margins

Conjugate Divergent Margins Book
Author : Webster Mohriak,Al Danforth,Paul J. Post,David Ernest Brown,G. C. Tari,Michal Nemčok,Sudipta T. Sinha
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1862393494
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main focus of the book is the geological and geophysical interpretation of sedimentary basins along the South, Central and North Atlantic conjugate margins, but concepts derived from physical models, outcrop analogues and present-day margins are also discussed in some chapters. There is an encompassing description of several conjugate margins worldwide, based on recent geophysical and geological datasets. An overview of important aspects related to the geodynamic development and petroleum geology of Atlantic-type sedimentary basins is also included. Several chapters analyse genetic mechanisms and break-up processes associated with rift-phase structures and salt tectonics, providing a full description of conjugate margin basins based on deep seismic profiles and potential field methods.--

Geotectonics

Geotectonics Book
Author : V. V. Beloussov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642671764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geotectonics has a special place among the geological dis ciplines. In addition to ideas based on firmly established facts that constitute lasting scientific values, geotectonics, as a generalizing branch of geology, embraces broad con structions that link the planet's deep interior with its sur face and are largely of a hypothetical character. The inter pretation of the most general matters of the structure and evolution of the globe varies not only from one generation of geologists to another, but even within one generation. The interpretation depends not only, and not so much, on the state of geological knowledge, as on the progress of the related sciences of geophysics and geochemistry. In trying to discover the deep-lying causes of tectonic processes, geotectonics has to unite the results of all the Earth sci ences, converting itself to some extent from a purely geologi cal science into a general physical geographic or geonomic science. The fluidity of the general ideas and the need for joint consideration of the geological, geophysical, and geochemi cal data to substantiate these ideas are the main difficulties facing the author of a textbook on geotectonics. There is undoubtedly, however, a need for a manual of this kind, particularly now when the literature on the various problems of geotectonics has grown so great and so varied in content that it is very difficult for the experienced researcher, let alone the student, to find his way.

Earth s Oldest Rocks

Earth s Oldest Rocks Book
Author : Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-26
ISBN : 9780080552477
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

S o Francisco Craton Eastern Brazil

S  o Francisco Craton  Eastern Brazil Book
Author : Monica Heilbron,Umberto G. Cordani,Fernando F. Alkmim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 3319017152
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The region of the São Francisco river valley in eastern Brazil encompasses two main components of the geologic framework of the South American continent: the São Francisco craton and its marginal orogenic belts. Cratons, as the oldest, differentiated and relatively stable pieces of the continental lithosphere, preserve a substantial part of the Earth's memory. Orogenic belts, on the other hand, record collisional processes that occurred during a limited time span. Because of their topographic relief, mountain belts developed along craton margins provide however access to rock successions not exposed in the low lands of the adjacent cratons. The combination of geologic information obtained in cratonic domains and their marginal orogenic belts thus form the basis for deciphering substantial periods of Earth’s history. Corresponding to the most intensively studied portion of the Precambrian nucleus of the South American plate, the São Francisco craton and its margins host a rock record that spans from the Paleoarchean to the Cenozoic. Precambrian sedimentary successions that witness ancient Earth processes - many of them of global significance - are especially well preserved and exposed in this region. With all these attributes the São Francisco craton together with its fringing orogenic belts can be viewed as a ‘continent within a continent’ or a ‘continent in miniature’.

Carbonate Reservoirs

Carbonate Reservoirs Book
Author : Clyde H. Moore,William J. Wade
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-08-12
ISBN : 0444538321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2nd Edition of Carbonate Reservoirs aims to educate graduate students and industry professionals on the complexities of porosity evolution in carbonate reservoirs. In the intervening 12 years since the first edition, there have been numerous studies of value published that need to be recognized and incorporated in the topics discussed. A chapter on the impact of global tectonics and biological evolution on the carbonate system has been added to emphasize the effects of global earth processes and the changing nature of life on earth through Phanerozoic time on all aspects of the carbonate system. The centerpiece of this chapter—and easily the most important synthesis of carbonate concepts developed since the 2001 edition—is the discussion of the CATT hypothesis, an integrated global database bringing together stratigraphy, tectonics, global climate, oceanic geochemistry, carbonate platform characteristics, and biologic evolution in a common time framework. Another new chapter concerns naturally fractured carbonates, a subject of increasing importance, given recent technological developments in 3D seismic, reservoir modeling, and reservoir production techniques. Detailed porosity classifications schemes for easy comparison Overview of the carbonate sedimentologic system Case studies to blend theory and practice

Geological Atlas of Africa

Geological Atlas of Africa Book
Author : Thomas Schlüter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-19
ISBN : 3540763732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

T is atlas is intended primarily for anybody who is in-some background for the arrangement of how the terested in basic geology of Africa. Its originality lies atlas was done. T e second chapter is devoted to the in the fact that the regional geology of each African history of geological mapping in Africa, necessary nation or territory is reviewed country-wise by maps for a fuller appreciation of why this work in Africa is and text, a view normally not presented in textbooks worth doing. Chapter 3 provides an executive s- of regional geology. It is my belief, that there has long mary on the stratigraphy and tectonics of Africa as a been a need in universities and geological surveys, whole, i. e. in the context of no political boundaries. both in Africa and in the developed world, for sum- T e main part of the atlas lies in Chapter 4, where in marizing geological maps and an accompanying basic alphabetical order each African country or territory text utilising the enormous fund of knowledge that is presented by a digitized geological overview map has been accumulated since the beginning of geologi- and an accompanying text on its respective strat- th cal research in Africa in the mid-19 century. I hope raphy, tectonics, economic geology, geohazards and that, in part, the present atlas may satisfy this need. geosites. A short list of relevant references is also a- ed.

The Geology of the Canary Islands

The Geology of the Canary Islands Book
Author : Valentin R. Troll,Juan Carlos Carracedo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-26
ISBN : 0128096640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Geology of the Canary Islands provides a concise overview of the geology and volcanology of the Canary Islands, along with 27 carefully planned day excursions comprising trips on all of the islands. Each stop includes a description on how to approach a site and where to park with GPS locations provided. The book covers all the spectacular features of the islands, including active ocean island volcanoes whose origins are linked to a hot spot or plume causing anomalously hot mantle material to intrude the African plate, submarine volcanic sequences uplifted inside the islands, sub- aerial shield volcanoes, and the remains of giant lateral collapses. Through its clearly written and richly color-illustrated introduction and field guide, this book is essential reading for geologists who visit the Canary Islands, one of the largest and most fascinating active volcanic systems in Europe. Includes a forward by Prof. C. J. Stillman (Trinity College Dublin), a leading expert on the volcanology and geology of the Canary Islands Features 500 full color images, coupled with in-depth introductory text and a chapter on each island, followed by 27 guided excursions that include all of the seven islands of the archipelago Familiarizes the reader with the variety of volcanic landforms and eruptive products in the Canary Islands and provides practical support in recognition, recording, and interpretation Develops understanding of growth, evolution, and destruction of ocean island volcanoes, promoting temporal and spatial thinking within a given geological framework

Marine Geomorphometry

Marine Geomorphometry Book
Author : Vanessa Lucieer,Margaret Dolan,Vincent Lecours
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-06-25
ISBN : 3038979546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative terrain characterization and analysis, and has traditionally focused on the investigation of terrestrial and planetary landscapes. However, applications of marine geomorphometry have now moved beyond the simple adoption of techniques developed for terrestrial studies, driven by the rise in the acquisition of high-resolution seafloor data and by the availability of user-friendly spatial analytical tools. Considering that the seafloor represents 71% of the surface of our planet, this is an important step towards understanding the Earth in its entirety. This volume is the first one dedicated to marine applications of geomorphometry. It showcases studies addressing the five steps of geomorphometry: sampling a surface (e.g., the seafloor), generating a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from samples, preprocessing the DTM for subsequent analyses (e.g., correcting for errors and artifacts), deriving terrain attributes and/or extracting terrain features from the DTM, and using and explaining those terrain attributes and features in a given context. Throughout these studies, authors address a range of challenges and issues associated with applying geomorphometric techniques to the complex marine environment, including issues related to spatial scale, data quality, and linking seafloor topography with physical, geological, biological, and ecological processes. As marine geomorphometry becomes increasingly recognized as a sub-discipline of geomorphometry, this volume brings together a collection of research articles that reflect the types of studies that are helping to chart the course for the future of marine geomorphometry.

Geology of Southwest Gondwana

Geology of Southwest Gondwana Book
Author : Siegfried Siegesmund,Miguel A. S. Basei,Pedro Oyhantçabal,Sebastian Oriolo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-02
ISBN : 3319689207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the geological evolution of Southwest (SW) Gondwana and presents state-of-the-art insights into its evolution. It addresses the diachronic assembly of continental fragments derived from the break-up of the Rodinia supercontinent later amalgamated to build SW Gondwana during the Neoproterozoic–Cambrian transition, which on a global scale includes parts of present-day South America, Africa and Madagascar. The book presents 24 state-of-the-art reviews including the most crucial controversies. Most experienced scientists about the geology of SW Gondwana from Europe, Africa, South America and Australia present contributions on key areas addressing the interactions between the main cratons and fold belts on both sides of the South Atlantic Ocean. Chapters related to the geology of the major Archean- Paleoproterozoic cratons and Neoproterozoic Brasiliano/Pan-African fold belts enable readers to gain an in-depth understanding of the tectonometamorphic and magmatic evolution of SW Gondwana. The book covers a wide range of issues including metallogenetic, sedimentary, paleobiological and paleoclimatic processes and allows a deep insight into this key period of the Earth’s evolution.

Economic Geology

Economic Geology Book
Author : Walter L. Pohl
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-25
ISBN : 1444336630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Humanity’s ever-increasing hunger for mineral raw materials, caused by a growing global population and ever increasing standards of living, has resulted in economic geology becoming a subject of urgent importance. This book provides a broad panorama of mineral deposits, covering their origin and geological characteristics, the principles of the search for ores and minerals, and the investigation of newly found deposits. Practical and environmental issues that arise during the life cycle of a mine and after its closure are addressed, with an emphasis on sustainable and "green" mining. The central scientific theme of the book is to place the extraordinary variability of mineral deposits in the frame of fundamental geological processes. The book is written for earth science students and practicing geologists worldwide. Professionals in administration, resource development, mining, mine reclamation, metallurgy, and mineral economics will also find the text valuable. Economic Geology is a fully revised translation of the the fifth edition of the German language text Mineralische und Energie-Rohstoffe. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/pohl/geology. The author's website can be found at: http://www.walter-pohl.com.

Landscapes and Landforms of Brazil

Landscapes and Landforms of Brazil Book
Author : Bianca Carvalho Vieira,André Augusto Rodrigues Salgado,Leonardo José Cordeiro Santos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-05
ISBN : 9401780234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents Brazil as a country of continental dimensions. Its territory has a large variety of rock types, geological structures and climates. The country has a large variety of landscapes, such as the humid plains of the Amazon River, the dry plateaus of the semi-arid region or the subtropical mountains of the southern region. On the coast, some plateaus and mountains, like the Serra do Mar Mountain range, formed a significant barrier front to access the hinterland of Brazil. On the other side of these coastal plateaus and mountains, there is a large collection of other plateaus, mountains, plains and depressions little altered by human interference. Thus, Brazil has a unique variety of different landscapes and extraordinary geomorphological sites. The book invites readers to learn more about the beautiful Brazilian landscapes, their complexity and vastness.

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences

The Geology of Stratigraphic Sequences Book
Author : Andrew D. Miall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662033801
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sequence stratigraphy represents a new paradigm in geology. The principal hypothesis is that stratigraphie successions may be subdivided into discrete sequences bounded by widespread unconformities. There are two parts to this hypothesis. First, it suggests that the driving forces which generate sequences and their bounding unconformities also generate predietable three-dimensional stratigraphies. In re cent years stratigraphie research guided by sequence models has brought about fundamental im provements in our understanding of stratigraphie processes and the controls of basin architecture. Sequence models have provided a powerful framework for mapping and numerieal modeling, enabling the science of stratigraphy to advance with rapid strides. This research has demonstrated the importance of a wide range of processes for the generation of cyclie sequences, including eustasy, tectonics, and orbital forcing of climate change. The main objective of this book is to document the sequence record and to discuss our current state of knowledge about sequence-generating processes.

The Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province in Northwest China

The Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province in Northwest China Book
Author : Shufeng Yang,Hanlin Chen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-02
ISBN : 0128129387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province in Northwest China: Tectonics, Petrology, Geochemistry, and Geophysics is the first book to introduce the Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province. Based on more than twenty years of study, this book systematically presents time-spatial, geochemical and geodynamic features, along with the metallogenesis and magma evolution of the Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province. Furthermore, it provides a new geodynamic model for Large Igneous Provinces. It is intended for researchers and graduate students in tectonics, igneous petrology, geochemistry, geophysics, earth evolution and planetary geology in addition to mining industry professionals. Provides the temporal-spatial features of the Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province using seismic and borehole data Presents petrological and geochemical features and magma evolution of the rock units in Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province Builds up a new model for Large Igneous Provinces based on the information from the Early Permian Tarim Large Igneous Province

Atlas of Structural Geology

Atlas of Structural Geology Book
Author : Soumyajit Mukherjee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 0128168412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of Atlas of Structural Geology features a broad and inclusive range of high-quality mesoscale and microscale full-color photographs, descriptions, and captions related to the deformation of rocks and geologic structures. It is a multicontributed, comprehensive reference that includes submissions from many of the world’s leading structural geologists, making it one of the most thorough and comprehensive references available to the geoscience community. All types of structures are featured, including those related to ductile and brittle shear zones, sigma and delta structures, mineral fish, duplexes and trapezoids, shear-related folds, and flanking structures in the mesoscale and microscale. This second edition features new and expanded coverage, including seismic-image interpretation, landslide deformations, flowing glacial structures, and more than 150 new full-color images to illustrate the geologic features. A stunning collection of the world’s most beautiful and arresting geologic structures, this book is the ideal resource to illustrate key concepts in geology. Presents more than 400 top-quality, full-color photographs contributed by the world’s most respected structural geologists Features a broad range of morphological variations of geologic structures, making it the most up-to-date and inclusive reference of its kind Aids researchers in developing mathematical and analogue models on the peculiarity and uniqueness of the world’s most iconic structures

The Mesozoic Flood Volcanism of the Paran Basin

The Mesozoic Flood Volcanism of the Paran   Basin Book
Author : E. M. Piccirillo,A. J. Melfi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Mesozoic Flood Volcanism of the Paran Basin book written by E. M. Piccirillo,A. J. Melfi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Atlantic Rifts and Continental Margins

Atlantic Rifts and Continental Margins Book
Author : Webster Mohriak,Manik Talwani
Publisher : American Geophysical Union
Release : 2000-01-10
ISBN : 0875900984
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference on the geology and geophysics of continental margins contains a total of 15 papers developed from a session of the Fifth International Congress of the Brazilian Geophysical Society held in Sao Paulo, Brazil in 1997, as well as a number of other contributions. Subjects include the roots of the southeastern continental margin of Brazil, the mosaic of Terranes in central Europe, the evolution of the Angolan passive margin; geological and geophysical interpretation of the San Julian Basin offshore Argentina; and the tectonic evolution of the equatorial South Atlantic. Of likely interest to academic geoscientists working in basin analysis and those engaged in petroleum exploration. Member price, $52.50. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Tectonostratigraphic Terranes and Tectonic Evolution of Mexico

Tectonostratigraphic Terranes and Tectonic Evolution of Mexico Book
Author : Richard L. Sedlock,Fernando Ortega-Gutiérrez,Robert C. Speed
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 1993-01-01
ISBN : 0813722780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Tectonostratigraphic Terranes and Tectonic Evolution of Mexico book written by Richard L. Sedlock,Fernando Ortega-Gutiérrez,Robert C. Speed, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-26
ISBN : 0128140496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics, Volume 5, in the series Developments in Structural Geology and Tectonics, presents students, researchers and practitioners with an all-new set of problems and solutions that structural geologists and tectonics researchers commonly face. Topics covered include ductile deformation (such as strain analyses), brittle deformation (such as rock fracturing), brittle-ductile deformation, collisional and shortening tectonics, thrust-related exercises, rift and extensional tectonics, strike slip tectonics, and cross-section balancing exercises. The book provides a how-to guide for students of structural geology and geologists working in the oil, gas and mining industries. Provides practical solutions to industry-related issues, such as well bore stability Allows for self-study and includes background information and explanation of research and industry jargon Includes full color diagrams to explain 3D issues