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The Evolution of Memory Systems

The Evolution of Memory Systems Book
Author : Kim S. Graham
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-11-03
ISBN : 0199686432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current theories about human memory have been shaped by clinical observations and animal experiments. This doctrine holds that the medial temporal lobe subserves one memory system for explicit or declarative memories, while the basal ganglia subserves a separate memory system for implicit or procedural memories, including habits. Cortical areas outside the medial temporal lobe are said to function in perception, motor control, attention, or other aspects of executive function, but not in memory. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' advances dramatically different ideas on all counts. It proposes that several memory systems arose during evolution and that they did so for the same general reason: to transcend problems and exploit opportunities encountered by specific ancestors at particular times and places in the distant past. Instead of classifying cortical areas in terms of mutually exclusive perception, executive, or memory functions, the authors show that all cortical areas contribute to memory and that they do so in their own ways-using specialized neural representations. The book also presents a proposal on the evolution of explicit memory. According to this idea, explicit (declarative) memory depends on interactions between a phylogenetically ancient navigation system and a representational system that evolved in humans to represent one's self and others. As a result, people embed representations of themselves into the events they experience and the facts they learn, which leads to the perception of participating in events and knowing facts. 'The Evolution of Memory Systems' is an important new work for students and researchers in neuroscience, psychology, and biology.

Memory Systems 1994

Memory Systems 1994 Book
Author : University Daniel L Schacter, PhD,Daniel L. Schacter,Endel Tulving
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780262193504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assembled by the prominent psychologists Daniel Schacter and Endel Tulving, the contributions in Memory Systems 1994 focus on the nature and number of memory systems in humans and animals. Together they present ideas from cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, and neuroscience in a review of intriguing experimental outcomes at the cutting edge of this domain, grappling, often passionately, with the behavioral and neuroanatomical composition of memory systems and subsystems. Chapters are revised versions of contributions that appeared in a special issue of the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. This book includes an integrated discussion of and cross-commentary on the earlier contributions.A Bradford Book

Memory Systems

Memory Systems Book
Author : Bruce Jacob,Spencer Ng,David Wang
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2010-07-28
ISBN : 9780080553849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Is your memory hierarchy stopping your microprocessor from performing at the high level it should be? Memory Systems: Cache, DRAM, Disk shows you how to resolve this problem. The book tells you everything you need to know about the logical design and operation, physical design and operation, performance characteristics and resulting design trade-offs, and the energy consumption of modern memory hierarchies. You learn how to to tackle the challenging optimization problems that result from the side-effects that can appear at any point in the entire hierarchy. As a result you will be able to design and emulate the entire memory hierarchy. Understand all levels of the system hierarchy -Xcache, DRAM, and disk. Evaluate the system-level effects of all design choices. Model performance and energy consumption for each component in the memory hierarchy.

Memory

Memory Book
Author : Jonathan K. Foster,Marko Jelicic
Publisher :
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from leading theorists and researchers in the field, this volume presents a debate about the cognitive architecture of the human long-term memory system.

High Performance Memory Systems

High Performance Memory Systems Book
Author : Haldun Hadimioglu,David Kaeli,Jeffrey Kuskin,Ashwini Nanda,Josep Torrellas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-27
ISBN : 1441989870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The State of Memory Technology Over the past decade there has been rapid growth in the speed of micropro cessors. CPU speeds are approximately doubling every eighteen months, while main memory speed doubles about every ten years. The International Tech nology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) study suggests that memory will remain on its current growth path. The ITRS short-and long-term targets indicate continued scaling improvements at about the current rate by 2016. This translates to bit densities increasing at two times every two years until the introduction of 8 gigabit dynamic random access memory (DRAM) chips, after which densities will increase four times every five years. A similar growth pattern is forecast for other high-density chip areas and high-performance logic (e.g., microprocessors and application specific inte grated circuits (ASICs)). In the future, molecular devices, 64 gigabit DRAMs and 28 GHz clock signals are targeted. Although densities continue to grow, we still do not see significant advances that will improve memory speed. These trends have created a problem that has been labeled the Memory Wall or Memory Gap.

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection Book
Author : Howard Eichenbaum,Neal J. Cohen
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2004-11-18
ISBN : 9780198024705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cutting-edge book offers a theoretical account of the evolution of multiple memory systems of the brain. The authors conceptualize these memory systems from both behavioral and neurobiological perspectives, guided by three related principles. First, that our understanding of a wide range of memory phenomena can be advanced by breaking down memory into multiple forms with different operating characteristics. Second, that different forms of memory representation are supported by distinct brain pathways with circuitry and neural coding properties. Third, that the contributions of different brain systems can be compared and contrasted by distinguishing between dedicated (or specific) and elaborate (or general) memory systems. A primary goal of this work is to relate the neurobiological properties of dedicated and elaborate systems to their neuropsychological counterparts, and in so doing, account for the phenomenology of memory, from conditioning to conscious recollection.

Intelligent Memory Systems

Intelligent Memory Systems Book
Author : Frederic T. Chong,Christoforos Kozyrakis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-08-29
ISBN : 3540423281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Intelligent Memory Systems, IMS 2000, held in Cambridge, MA, USA, in November 2000. The nine revised full papers and six poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 28 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics in intelligent memory computing; they are organized in topical sections on memory technology, processor and memory architecture, applications and operating systems, and compiler technology.

Troubleshooting and Repairing PC Drives and Memory Systems

Troubleshooting and Repairing PC Drives and Memory Systems Book
Author : Stephen J. Bigelow
Publisher : TAB/Electronics
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780070063853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses servicing solid state memory devices, floppy and hard disk drives, PC cards, tape drives, optical drives, and related equipment, including tools and techniques

The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory

The Development of Implicit and Explicit Memory Book
Author : Carolyn K. Rovee-Collier,Harlene Hayne,Michael Colombo
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9781556197246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the only book that examines the theory and data on the development of implicit and explicit memory. It first describes the characteristics of implicit and explicit memory (including conscious recollection) and tasks used with adults to measure them. Next, it reviews the brain mechanisms thought to underlie implicit and explicit memory and the studies with amnesics that initially prompted the search for different neuroanatomically-based memory systems. Two chapters review the Jacksonian (first in, last out) principle and empirical evidence for the hierarchical appearance and dissolution of two memory systems in animal models (rats, nonhuman primates), children, and normal/amnesic adults. Two chapters examine memory tasks used with human infants and evidence of implicit and explicit memory during early infancy. Three final chapters consider structural and processing accounts of adult memory dissociations, their applicability to infant memory dissociations, and implications of infant data for current concepts of implicit and explicit memory. (Series B)

Science of Memory

Science of Memory Book
Author : Henry L. Roediger III,Yadin Dudai,Susan M. Fitzpatrick
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2007-04-26
ISBN : 9780199727513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists currently study memory from many different perspectives: neurobiological, ethological, animal conditioning, cognitive, behavioral neuroscience, social, and cultural. The aim of this book is to help initiate a new science of memory by bringing these perspectives together to create a unified understanding of the topic. The book began with a conference where leading practitioners from all these major approaches met to analyze and discuss 16 concepts that are crucial to our understanding of memory. Each of these 16 concepts is addressed in a section of the book, and in the 66 succinct chapters that fill these sections, a leading researcher addresses the section's concept by clearly stating his or her position on it, elucidating how it is used, and discussing how it should be used in future research. For some concepts, there is general agreement among practitioners from different fields and levels of analysis, but for others there is general disagreement and much controversy. A final chapter in each section, also written by a leading researcher, integrates the various viewpoints offered on the section's concept, then draws conclusions about the concept. This groundbreaking volume will be an indispensable reference for all the students and researchers who will build upon the foundation it provides for the new science of memory.

How to Remember

How to Remember Book
Author : Eustace H Miles M a,James Zimmerhoff
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-08-18
ISBN : 9781974678716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

POSTERITY will scarcely believe that this generation had daily before its eyes so many clear lessons on the easiest ways of remembering, and that it failed to profit by these lessons. So far behind our Advertisers have our Teachers lagged. The former generally succeed in interesting and teaching the public, and in impressing their ideas almost indelibly upon the minds and memories of the public. The latter frequently fail. Now, setting aside the consideration of what the Advertisements teach, and asking simply how they teach, we are likely to arrive at very interesting results, which will become very important results if once we realise that our various powers and faculties were given us to be used, and not to be left unused or even scorned. Thus our power of remembering by means of Rhythms and Rhymes was surely intended to be applied to all sorts of things that are worth remembering, and not merely to one small class of them. It has been the fashion to condemn all Systems of Memory as unnatural or even as positively ' low ' and degrading: it has been maintained practically, if not in so many words, that it is far better for the schoolboy to be the veriest parrot or phonograph, accurately reproducing his text-book or his teacher's words, with only the vaguest idea as to what they mean or how they can be applied, than for him to make use of any artificial 'aid to memory'. ' Memory -Systems', however different from one another they may be in their main characteristics or in their details, are all grouped together in a single class and labelled as rubbish or something worse than rubbish. But the learning by ' heart '-' heart ' forsooth !-the usually dull and often unreliable learning by ' heart ', the very treadmill of education, that must be one of the chief kinds of mental exercise ! I am speaking here particularly of the old-established English methods of Education. As the reader will start reading this book with an inevitable bias against it, I would ask him to be so kind as to listen to a few words first. I assure him, to begin with, that this book is not a mere collection of ' Systems ': ' Systems ' are included, it is true, and among these, it is true, there are ' Systems ' which can be, and frequently have been, most shamefully misused. But the careful reader will notice that these ' Systems ' come in the second places in the book; moreover he will notice that they are not all necessarily ' short cuts for the lazy '; and he will candidly admit that even short cuts are not always an unmitigated curse. PREFACE xiii I ask the reader to come to the book with a determination to hear at least a part of it before he decides against it: I ask him, for instance, to do me the favour of reading through the example worked out in Part II. (this shows the various Helps and * Systems ' actually at work), and the answers to objections, in Section XLVII.; then, if he will still go on, let him glance at the advantages of these methods and 'Systems', in Section XLIII. If he will have the boldness to use his reasoning powers freely and confidently, I think he will agree that some of the suggestions demand a fair trial as their right and due. Throughout the work I shall try to appeal to his intelligence and common sense and experience, rather than to the statements of any celebrated authority. I shall say to him, for instance: ' Does it help you to remember the shape of Italy when you see that it is like a booted leg stepping towards the left ? ' He will at once candidly admit that it does. ' But ', I shall say, ' why does this help you ? ' He will answer ' Because the booted leg is more familiar to me: it is a thing I know already '. ' Well then ', I shall say, ' is there any reason why you should confine to only a few instances this excellent method of remembering one thing by means of a second thing which is like it, and which is more familiar to you (see the System in Section XXV.) than the first

Distributed Systems with Persistent Memory

Distributed Systems with Persistent Memory Book
Author : Luciano Pandolfi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-07
ISBN : 3319122479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of the book includes the study of control problems for systems which are encountered in viscoelasticity, non-Fickian diffusion and thermodynamic with memory. The common feature of these systems is that memory of the whole past history persists in the future. This class of systems is actively studied now, as documented in the recent book. This book will attract a diversified audience, in particular, engineers working on distributed systems, and applied mathematicians. Background of mathematics are the elements of functional analysis, which is now standard among people working on distributed systems, and the author describes very clearly the instruments which are used at every step.