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Membrane Technology and Applications

Membrane Technology and Applications Book
Author : Richard W. Baker
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-31
ISBN : 9780470854457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of Contents Preface Acknowledgments for the first edition Acknowledgments for the second edition 1 Overview of Membrane Science and Technology 1 2 Membrane Transport Theory 15 3 Membranes and Modules 89 4 Concentration Polarization 161 5 Reverse Osmosis 191 6 Ultrafiltration 237 7 Microfiltration 275 8 Gas Separation 301 9 Pervaporation 355 10 Ion Exchange Membrane Processes - Electrodialysis 393 11 Carrier Facilitated Transport 425 12 Medical Applications of Membranes 465 13 Other Membrane Processes 491 Appendix 523 Index 535.

Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater Treatment

Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Peter Hillis
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1847551351
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presenting a useful reference to the current state of membrane technology and its likely future growth, this book covers all aspects of the technology and its applications in the water industry. Drawing on the experience of international experts, Membrane Technology in Water and Wastewater Treatment encompasses many practical applications of specific membranes, including MF, UF, NF, RO and EDR, in the treatment of ground and surface water, backwash water, seawater, and industrial and domestic wastewater. Novel applications, process enhancements and the latest systems are also discussed. This book is an excellent guide to membrane technology and will be of great interest to water companies, industrialists, legislative bodies and anyone with an interest in the technology or its applications.

Membrane Technology

Membrane Technology Book
Author : Sundergopal Sridhar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351601822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributed by multiple experts, the book covers the scientific and engineering aspects of membrane processes and systems. It aims to cover basic concepts of novel membrane processes including membrane bioreactors, microbial fuel cell, forward osmosis, electro-dialysis and membrane contactors. Maintains a pragmatic approach involving design, operation and cost analysis of pilot plants as well as scaled-up counterparts

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology Book
Author : P.K. Tewari
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-02
ISBN : 1466576839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications is the first book to deliver an extensive exploration of nanocomposite membrane technology. This groundbreaking text offers an eloquent introduction to the field as well as a comprehensive overview of fundamental aspects and application areas. Approaching the subject from the material

Carbon Membrane Technology

Carbon Membrane Technology Book
Author : Xuezhong He,Izumi Kumakiri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 042982033X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon membranes have great advantages of strong mechanical strength and high chemical stabilities, as well as high separation performance to reach the industrial attractive region. Further improvement on membrane performance can potentially offset the relatively high production cost compared to polymeric membranes. However, there are still some challenges related to fabrication of asymmetric carbon membranes, the controlling of structure and pore-size and module up-scaling for commercial application. The aim of this book is to provide the fundamentals on carbon membrane materials for the young researchers and engineers to develop frontier membrane materials for energy efficient separation process. This book describes the status and perspectives of both self-supported and supported carbon membranes from fundamentals to applications. The key steps on the development of high performance carbon membranes including precursor selection, tuning carbon membrane structure and regeneration are discussed. In the end, different potential applications both in gas and liquids separation are well described, and the future directions for carbon membrane development were pointed out. To this end, membrane science and engineering are set to play crucial roles as enabling technologies to provide energy efficient and cost-effective future solutions for energy and environment related processes. Based on this approach the research projects which are trying to find attractive carbon materials in our days are many. The published papers, per year, in the topic of carbon membranes, especially for biogas upgrading, natural gas sweetening and hydrogen purification, are numerous with very high impact. However, only few are the books which include relevant to the topic of carbon membrane technology. This book offers the condensed and interdisciplinary knowledge on carbon membranes, and provides the opportunity to the scientists who are working in the field of carbon membrane technology for gas and liquid separations to present, share, and discuss their contributions within the membrane community.

Applications of Membrane Technology for Food Processing Industries

Applications of Membrane Technology for Food Processing Industries Book
Author : M. SELVAMUTHUKUMARAN
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-14
ISBN : 1000195252
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes processing techniques are used to help separate chemical components based on molecular size under specific pressure. A great advantage of membrane processing techniques is that it is a non-thermal processing technique, which can retain enormous bioactive constituents to a greater extent. Being a less energy intensive process, this technique is widely used in several food processing industries such as in the clarification of fruit juices and wine; the concentration of milk; the preparation of whey protein concentrate; and water and waste treatment, among others. Applications of Membrane Technology for Food Processing Industries introduces membrane processing techniques, presenting principles, theory and operational conditions for achieving efficient quality product. It discusses different types of membrane processing techniques viz. reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, electro dialysis, microfiltration, pervaporation, including its applications, advantages and disadvantages. Key Features: Deals with the retention of antioxidants by using novel membrane processing techniques Includes the application of membrane processing techniques in whey processing Explains the method for degumming, dewaxing and decolorization of edible crude oils Narrates application of membrane processing techniques in waste water treatment for efficient use Readers, such as professors, scientist, research scholars, students and industrial personnel, will come to know about the current trends in use of membrane processing techniques for its application in several food processing industries. This book can be a ready reference for the food industrial industry for manufacturing of deacidified clarified fruit juices and wine by using integrated membrane technique approach. In a nutshell, this book will benefit food scientist, academicians, students and food industrial persons by providing in-depth knowledge about membrane processing of foods for quality retention and also for efficient consumer acceptability.

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions Book
Author : Sarbatly, Rosalam
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-02-07
ISBN : 1799826473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a basic human need, water and its treatment are of the utmost importance. However, some rural areas are disadvantaged and have difficulty in effectively treating their water supply, which can affect the health and safety of their region. To protect and defend citizens, research must supply effective and applicable methods in securing the safety and drinkability of water. Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions is an essential publication that discusses the fabrication and characterization of membranes, processes and operations, and specific applications of membranes on water and wastewater treatment. Moreover, the book discusses selected promising aspects of membrane usage in the industry with a focus on palm oil mill industry, sewage management and treatment, and water treatment in rural areas. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics including membrane processes, water production, and transport resistances, this book is ideally designed for engineers, chemists, environmentalists, public officials, researchers, academicians, students, and industry professionals.

Development of a Decentralized Drinking Water Treatment Plant Based on Membrane Technology for Rural Areas in Vietnam

Development of a Decentralized Drinking Water Treatment Plant Based on Membrane Technology for Rural Areas in Vietnam Book
Author : Ngoc Dao Trinh
Publisher : kassel university press GmbH
Release : 2018-06-28
ISBN : 3737605165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane technology with effective removal of microbial contaminants has been applied widely in drinking water treatment (DWT), but its sustainable and efficient application in rural areas still needs practical research. Backflushing and chemical cleaning are well investigated for membrane-based systems. However, these methods are not always followed properly and in full, especially in cases of applications for remote areas in developing countries. Important key challenges in real world applications are how the system would actually sustain with unskilled personnel, with no electric power for backflushing or with no chemical cleaning on the long run. These challenges were addressed within the framework of this dissertation. A dead-end Ultrafiltration (UF) with flat-sheet membranes was configured to a stationary DWT system working with low pressure and simplest maintenance, in combination with a suitable chlorination solution without energy demand. In the literature review of this dissertation, an overview of many up-to-date membrane based systems in different categories of use is given in detail, covering different aspects of technology, service efficiency and economics. Hydraulic performance of membrane-based systems is normally studied in lab-scale in limited periods from hours to days. Thus, highlight of this research is the investigation of a full-scale demonstration plant based on UF flat-sheet membrane with pore size of 40 nm, conducted in the Hydraulic Workshop at the University of Kassel, operated continuously day and night for long-term tests. The long-term examination focused on many aspects, from hydraulic performance including flux, permeability, transmembrane pressure, efficiency of the simple membrane cleaning methods, to biological quality of treated water and also efficiency of chlorination by using a mechanical chlorine dosing device. During long-term examination, the phenomenon of gas generation from the water in the plant was recognized. The influence of this phenomenon on the permeate flow rate was evaluated and solution for this problem by the gas trapping device was investigated in this research. The experimental results from long-term examination of the Pilot Plant at the University of Kassel served for the materialization of the system into life. Two DWT plants were implemented in a rural village in southern Vietnam. It could be proved that the product of this research is realistically an economic relief of the long lasted insufficient supply to the crucial demand for safe water in the rural communities of developing countries.

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Energy and Environment

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment  Energy and Environment Book
Author : A.F. Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-03-16
ISBN : 1315645777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Realizing that water, energy and food are the three pillars to sustain the growth of human population in the future, this book deals with all the above aspects with particular emphasis on water and energy. In particular, the book addresses applications of membrane science and technology for water and wastewater treatment, energy and environment. Th

Membrane Technology Applications to Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Membrane Technology  Applications to Industrial Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Ana Caetano,M.N. de Pinho,Enrico Drioli,Herbert Muntau
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401102112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication presents the lectures given at the course on Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization: Environmental and Analytical Aspects (13-15 October, 1992, Ispra, Italy) organized jointly by the Technical University of Lisbon, University of Calabria and the Environment Institute of the Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities at Ispra. This course is integrated in a programme for education and training in Advanced Separation Technology for Industrial Waste Minimization supported by the Community Action Programme for Education and Training for Technology (COMETT II). The lecture material is based on case studies of importance to textile, tanneries, pulp and paper, metal finishing and electroplating, food, and other industries. Environmental regulations have lead industrial engineers to search for more efficient, less energy consuming and less waste producing processes. Membrane-based separation processes contributed to recover water, raw materials and energy and to achieve simultaneously pollution control. Along this book emphasis will be given to this fast growing area of process technology.

Membrane Technology for Osmotic Power Generation by Pressure Retarded Osmosis

Membrane Technology for Osmotic Power Generation by Pressure Retarded Osmosis Book
Author : Tai-Shung Chung,Chun Feng Wan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-24
ISBN : 1000027376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Osmotic energy can be effectively harvested through pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) which is the most widely investigated technology due to its greater efficiency and higher power density output and effective membranes are the heart of the PRO technology. This book will cover a broad range of topics, including PRO membranes, fouling, module fabrication, process design, process operation and maintenance. It summarizes the progress in PRO researches in the last decade, and points out the directions for future R&D and commercialization of PRO. It will be of great interest to membrane researcher, company and operators to understand and get insights into the state-of-the-art PRO technologies.

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology Book
Author : Galanakis Charis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128150572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology deals with an issue that is becoming a new research trend in the field of food and bioproducts processing. The book fills in the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry by highlighting membrane techniques and applications for the separation of food components in bioresources, discussing separation mechanisms, balancing advantages and disadvantages, and providing relevant applications. Edited by Charis Galanakis, the book is divided in 13 chapters written by experts from the meat science, food technology and engineering industries. Covers the 13 most relevant topics of functional macro and micro molecules separation using membrane technology in the food industry Brings the most recent advances in the field of membrane processing Presents the sustainability principles of the food industry and the modern bioeconomy frame of our times

Membrane Technology in Separation Science

Membrane Technology in Separation Science Book
Author : Mihir K. Purkait,Randeep Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-19
ISBN : 1351858564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book explains fundamental and advanced topics related to the field of membrane science including extensive coverage of material selection, preparation, characterization and applications of various membranes. Explores both preparation and wide range of applications for all possible membranes, contains an exclusive chapter on functionalized membranes and incorporation of stimuli responsive membranes in each type and includes exercise problems after each chapter It also discusses new membrane operations as membrane reactors and membrane contactors

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy Water and Environment

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy  Water  and Environment Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-01-20
ISBN : 1118190149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A detailed look at the most recent developments in sustainablemembrane technology for use in energy, water, and the environment A collection of twenty-seven groundbreaking papers on importantideas about the development of membrane science and technology,Sustainable Membrane Technology for Energy, Water, andEnvironment brings together contributions from leadinginternational experts in one comprehensive volume. Covering thelatest developments and most innovative ideas in the field, thisbook is a unique resource for understanding the growing interest inusing membranes across several industries. Divided into six chapters that cover new membrane materials andmembrane development; membrane applications for gas and vaporseparation; membrane applications in water treatment; environmentalapplications of membranes; energy applications of membranes; andother industrial membrane applications, the book looks at thecurrent and emerging applications for membrane science andtechnology in detail. As the Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN) and the Middle East emerge as the next generation ofmembrane research and development centers, in part due to theirneed for water and natural gas production technology, this bookprovides invaluable insights into the cutting-edge work takingplace in these regions. Additional topics covered also include newmembrane materials, membrane applications for food processing, andmuch more. Designed for engineers, scientists, professors, and graduatestudents who are engaged in membrane R&D activities, as well asfor anyone interested in sustainable development, SustainableMembrane Technology for Energy, Water, and Environment is acutting-edge look at membrane applications.

Membranes Technology ebook Collection

Membranes Technology ebook Collection Book
Author : Rajindar Singh,E.J. Hoffman,Simon Judd
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-09-08
ISBN : 9780080915357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes Technology ebook Collection contains 4 of our best-selling titles, providing the ultimate reference for every filtration and separation engineer’s library. Get access to over 1500 pages of reference material, at a fraction of the price of the hard-copy books. This CD contains the complete ebooks of the following 4 titles: Singh, Hybrid Membrane Systems for Water Purification: Systems Design and Operations Technology, 9781856174428 Judd, The MBR Book: Principles and Applications of Membrane Bioreactors for Water and Wastewater Treatment , 9781856174817 Judd, Membranes for Industrial Wastewater Recovery and Re-use, 9781856173896 Hoffman, Membrane Separations Technology, 9780750677103 *Four fully searchable titles on one CD providing instant access to the ULTIMATE library of engineering materials for filtration and separation professionals. *1500 pages of practical and theoretical membranes information in one portable package. *Incredible value at a fraction of the cost of the print books

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Alfredo Cassano,Navin K Rastogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-28
ISBN : 1782421262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 1315735237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.

Advances in Membrane Technologies

Advances in Membrane Technologies Book
Author : Amira Abdelrasoul,Arash Mollahosseini
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-03-04
ISBN : 1789848067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane technologies are currently the most effective and sustainable methods utilized in diversified water filtration, wastewater treatment, as well as industrial and sustainable energy applications. This book covers essential subsections of membrane separation and bioseparation processes from the perspectives of technical innovation, novelty, and sustainability. The book offers a comprehensive overview of the latest improvements and concerns with respect to membrane fouling remediation techniques, issues of bioincompatibility for biomedical applications, and various subareas of membrane separation processes, which will be an efficient resource for engineers.

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology Book
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-17
ISBN : 9780080536187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.