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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Alfredo Cassano,Angelo Basile
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-19
ISBN : 0081004524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining. Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products. Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

Integration of Membrane Separation Technologies Within Biorefining

Integration of Membrane Separation Technologies Within Biorefining Book
Author : Jennifer Leberknight
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production of renewable liquid transportation fuels and chemicals from abundant biomass sources is an on-going challenge to reduce the consumption of limited petroleum feedstocks. Membrane separations can be integrated into a biorefinery to reduce water and energy consumption as well as increase process efficiencies. Unfortunately, current membrane materials suffer from severe fouling, which limits their applicability. Four areas of potential membrane integration into a lignocellulosic biorefinery were investigated, along with a corn ethanol separation, using analytical characterizations along with fouling models to correlate membrane properties with performance metrics. The performance and fouling analysis within each of these applications allowed analysis of the feasibility of integration and provided a framework for optimal membrane selection at each separation location. Commercially available membranes were evaluated, followed by the creation of UV grafted modified membranes to demonstrate rational design of tailored properties specifically for membrane biorefinery applications for improved performance and lower cost. This research aids in the understanding of membrane fouling, membrane material development, and the use and design of membranes in complex systems such as lignocellulosic biorefining. The results from this research allow for rational membrane design, tailored specifically to a process stream, to improve process efficiencies in a wide range of applications. Specifically within the biorefining industry, improvements made to membrane separations could have dramatic effects on the economics of producing renewable fuels and chemicals from sustainable biomass resources. Reducing costs to compete with petroleum-derived products will open a new market to consumers for these products without increasing prices. Lignin and lignin degradation products are unique compounds present in biomass process streams that are extremely detrimental to commercial membrane products. Reducing lignin in membrane processing feeds and/or developing membrane surfaces with high hydrophilicity has been shown to improve most membrane separation applications. In addition, membrane surface roughness was a key characteristic that correlated to performance. However, in some cases elevated surface roughness enhanced sustained flux (e.g., solid-liquid separation applications), while in other cases (e.g., protein separations), higher surface roughness was correlated with reduced performance. Overall, surface roughness, pore size, surface chemistry and operating conditions are important considerations for designing improved biorefinery applications separations.

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Angelo Basile
Publisher : Woodhead Pub Limited
Release : 2015-03-03
ISBN : 9781782421214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries. Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Biorefinery

Biorefinery Book
Author : Juan-Rodrigo Bastidas-Oyanedel,Jens Ejbye Schmidt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-15
ISBN : 3030109615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the biorefinery of biomass feedstocks. In-depth chapters highlight the scientific and technical aspects and present a techno-economic analysis of such systems. By using a TEA approach, the authors present feasible pathways for conversion of biomass (both residual biomass, energy crops and algae biomass), showing the different possibilities for the production of biochemical materials, biofuels, and fertilizers. The concepts presented in this book will link companies, investors, and governments by providing a framework that will help reduce pollutants and create a biomass related economy that incorporates the newest developments and technologies in the area.

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology Book
Author : Galanakis Charis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128150572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology deals with an issue that is becoming a new research trend in the field of food and bioproducts processing. The book fills in the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry by highlighting membrane techniques and applications for the separation of food components in bioresources, discussing separation mechanisms, balancing advantages and disadvantages, and providing relevant applications. Edited by Charis Galanakis, the book is divided in 13 chapters written by experts from the meat science, food technology and engineering industries. Covers the 13 most relevant topics of functional macro and micro molecules separation using membrane technology in the food industry Brings the most recent advances in the field of membrane processing Presents the sustainability principles of the food industry and the modern bioeconomy frame of our times

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production Carbon Capture and Other Applications

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production  Carbon Capture and Other Applications Book
Author : A Doukelis,K Panopoulos,A Koumanakos,E Kakaras
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-20
ISBN : 1782422412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to their outstanding hydrogen selectivity, palladium membranes have attracted extensive R&D interest. They are a potential breakthrough technology for hydrogen production and also have promising applications in the areas of thermochemical biorefining. This book summarises key research in palladium membrane technologies, with particular focus on the scale-up challenges. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews the fabrication of palladium membranes. Part two then focuses on palladium membrane module and reactor design. The final part of the book reviews the operation of palladium membranes for synthesis gas/hydrogen production, carbon capture and other applications. Review of manufacture and design issues for palladium membranes Discussion of the applications of palladium membrane technology, including solar steam reforming, IGCC plants, NGCC plants, CHP plants and hydrogen production Examples of the technology in operation

Efficient Membrane Separation Operations for Biorefining

Efficient Membrane Separation Operations for Biorefining Book
Author : Amit Kumar Gautam
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Results from this research describe membrane fouling behavior, type of foulants and the most appropriate membrane modifications needed to process the complex lignocellulosic slurries. For instance, lignin (one the major components of the pinewood feedstock), was found to be a major cause of biofouling, both as a suspended solid and soluble derivatives. The results obtained have been used to tailor the properties of membranes to improve the overall biorefinery process efficiencies. In addition to discoveries to improve fouling behavior, methods have been described that allow for the integration of membranes to capture high value co-products formed during the processing of lignocellulosic biomass while improving other operations simultaneously. For example, fermentation inhibitory compounds such as acetic acid, HMF, and furfural are value added chemicals which can be sold to maximize biorefinery profit. It was found that with the appropriate selection of nanofiltration membrane the separation of sugars from inhibitory compounds could be achieved. Overall, results indicate that membranes are a viable technology and have many opportunities to improve biorefinery operations. Integration of membranes will improve the prospects of efficiently producing fuels and chemicals from renewable feedstocks.

Membrane Based Technologies for Environmental Pollution Control

Membrane Based Technologies for Environmental Pollution Control Book
Author : Parimal Pal
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 0128194561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Based Technologiesfor Environmental Pollution Control explains the application of this green technology while offering a systematic approach for accurately utilizing mathematical modeling methods for optimizing system design and scale-up. The book provides in-depth coverage of membrane processes, materials and modules, along with their potential application in various pollution control systems. Each chapter provides a systematic approach for dynamic model development and solutions. With this reference, researchers and those responsible for the design of pollution control systems will find a source that can maximize their efforts to reduce or prevent pollutants from entering all types of environmental media. Provides a systematic approach for designing membrane technology based systems for pollution reduction or prevention in all types of environmental media Includes case studies to illustrate actual projects to explain the problems and solutions associated with system scale-up Introduces dynamic modeling and analysis for process intensification

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels Chemicals and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels  Chemicals  and Polymers Book
Author : Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 1118641949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.

Catalysis Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy

Catalysis  Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Gabriele Centi,Marcello De Falco,Gaetano Iaquaniello
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 0444643389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Catalysis, Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy: New Technologies for Novel Business Opportunities offers new possibilities for businesses who want to address the current global transition period to adopt low carbon and sustainable energy production. This comprehensive source provides an integrated view of new possibilities within catalysis and green chemistry in an economic context, showing how these potential new technologies may become useful to business. Fundamentals and specific examples are included to guide the transformation of idea to innovation and business. Offering an overview of the new possibilities for creating business in catalysis, energy and green chemistry, this book is a beneficial tool for students, researchers and academics in chemical and biochemical engineering. Discusses new developments in catalysis, energy and green chemistry from the perspective of converting ideas to innovation and business Presents case histories, preparation of business plans, patent protection and IP rights, creation of start-ups, research funds and successful written proposals Offers an interdisciplinary approach combining science and business

Nanotechnology in Membrane Processes

Nanotechnology in Membrane Processes Book
Author : Kailash Chandra Khulbe,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-09
ISBN : 303064183X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology has been established in membrane technology for decades. In this book, comprehensive coverage is given to nanotechnology applications in synthetic membrane processes, which are used in different fields such as water treatment, separation of gases, the food industry, military use, drug delivery, air filtration, and green chemistry. Nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles, and dendrimers are contributing to the development of more efficient and cost-effective water filtration processes. Gas separation and carbon capture can be significantly improved in flue gas applications. Nanoporous membrane systems engineered to mimic natural filtration systems are being actively developed for use in smart implantable drug delivery systems, bio artificial organs, and other novel nano-enabled medical devices. The microscopic structure of nanoporous ceramic membranes, mainly focusing on zeolite materials, as well as the energy-saving effect of membrane separation, contribute to various chemical synthesis processes. In the food industry, nanotechnology has the potential to create new tools for pathogen detection and packaging. For each application, nanotechnology is mostly used to make composite membranes, and the book provides a detailed look at the mechanisms by which the composite membrane works in each application area.

Current Trends and Future Developments on Bio Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on  Bio   Membranes Book
Author : Angelo Basile,Giuseppe Spazzafumo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 0128178086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current Trends and Future Developments in (Bio-) Membranes: Cogeneration Systems and Membrane Technology offers an exhaustive overview of the status of cogeneration systems as they relate to advanced membrane technologies for energy savings. The different options for cogeneration are analyzed, both for large (district) and small (residential) size units, with different primary fuels. Energy efficiency is reported and lifecycle analysis is carried out for all different options. The book outlines strategies for engineering development and process intensification of interest to both industrial and developing countries. Finally, the book includes three chapters on lifecycle analysis (LCA) and economic analysis. Provides an overview of the interconnections between membrane technology and the systems used for the cogeneration of electricity, such as exhaust gas cleaning, carbon capture and sequestration, and low temperature fuel cells Includes two different studies on LCA and a case study on economic analysis Presents comprehensive reviews on various traditional cogeneration systems and compares them to alternative membrane-based technologies Covers membrane based technologies and their application in co-generation systems Addresses key issues on the introduction of process intensification in energy production

Handbook of Food Nanotechnology

Handbook of Food Nanotechnology Book
Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 012816042X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Nanotechnology: Applications and Approaches is the definitive guide on all aspects of nano-sized ingredients and devices for the food sector. The book brings science and applications together on the nano-scale into nano-structured food materials, with an emphasis on their production, processing, engineering, characterization, and applications of food materials containing true nano-sized dimensions or nano-structures that enable novel/enhanced properties or functions. All chapters emphasize original results relating to experimental, theoretical, computational, and/or applications of nano-materials in food. Topics such as the application of nanotechnology in food processing operations, functional ingredients, quality control, nutraceutical delivery, and packaging of food products are very attractive and beneficial to both academics and practitioners. Finally, the safety of applying nano ingredients and nano devices is covered. Brings novel applications of nanotechnology in processing food products Shows how to improve the formulation of food products with nano-structured ingredients Explores new opportunities in food packaging through nano-structured materials

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining Book
Author : Jens Holm-Nielsen,Ehiaze Augustine Ehimen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-23
ISBN : 1782423877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining highlights the emergence of energy generation through the use of biomass and the ways it is becoming more widely used. The supply chains that produce the feedstocks, harvest, transport, store, and prepare them for combustion or refinement into other forms of fuel are long and complex, often differing from feedstock to feedstock. Biomass Supply Chains for Bioenergy and Biorefining considers every aspect of these supply chains, including their design, management, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts. The first part of the book introduces supply chains, biomass feedstocks, and their analysis, while the second part looks at the harvesting, handling, storage, and transportation of biomass. The third part studies the modeling of supply chains and their management, with the final section discussing, in minute detail, the supply chains involved in the production and usage of individual feedstocks, such as wood and sugar starches, oil crops, industrial biomass wastes, and municipal sewage stocks. Focuses on the complex supply chains of the various potential feedstocks for biomass energy generation Studies a wide range of biomass feedstocks, including woody energy crops, sugar and starch crops, lignocellulosic crops, oil crops, grass crops, algae, and biomass waste Reviews the modeling and optimization, standards, quality control and traceability, socioeconomic, and environmental impacts of supply chains

Geothermal Power Generation

Geothermal Power Generation Book
Author : Ron DiPippo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-25
ISBN : 0081003447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geothermal Power Generation: Developments and Innovation provides an update to the advanced energy technologies that are urgently required to meet the challenges of economic development, climate change mitigation, and energy security. As geothermal resources are considered renewable and can be used to generate baseload electricity while producing very low levels of greenhouse gas emissions, they can play a key role in future energy needs. This book, edited by a highly respected expert, provides a comprehensive overview of the major aspects of geothermal power production. The chapters, contributed by specialists in their respective areas, cover resource discovery, resource characterization, energy conversion systems, and design and economic considerations. The final section provides a range of fascinating case studies from across the world, ranging from Larderello to Indonesia. Users will find this to be an essential text for research and development professionals and engineers in the geothermal energy industry, as well as postgraduate researchers in academia who are working on geothermal energy. Provides readers with a comprehensive and systematic overview of geothermal power generation Presents an update to the advanced energy technologies that are urgently required to meet the challenges of economic development, climate change mitigation, and energy security Edited by a world authority in the field, with chapters contributed by experts in their particular areas Includes comprehensive case studies from across the world, ranging from Larderello to Indonesia

Bioenergy Systems for the Future

Bioenergy Systems for the Future Book
Author : Francesco Dalena,Angelo Basile,Claudio Rossi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-19
ISBN : 0081010265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy Systems for the Future: Prospects for Biofuels and Biohydrogen examines the current advances in biomass conversion technologies for biofuels and biohydrogen production, including their advantages and challenges for real-world application and industrial-scale implementation. In its first part, the book explores the use of lignocellulosic biomass and agricultural wastes as feedstock, also addressing biomass conversion into biofuels, such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-methane, and bio-gasoline. The chapters in Part II cover several different pathways for hydrogen production, from biomass, including bioethanol and bio-methane reforming and syngas conversion. They also include a comparison between the most recent conversion technologies and conventional approaches for hydrogen production. Part III presents the status of advanced bioenergy technologies, such as applications of nanotechnology and the use of bio-alcohol in low-temperature fuel cells. The role of advanced bioenergy in a future bioeconomy and the integration of these technologies into existing systems are also discussed, providing a comprehensive, application-oriented overview that is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers, and graduate students involved in bioenergy. Explores the most recent technologies for advanced liquid and gaseous biofuels production, along with their advantages and challenges Presents real-life application of conversion technologies and their integration in existing systems Includes the most promising pathways for sustainable hydrogen production for energy applications

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants

Materials for Ultra Supercritical and Advanced Ultra Supercritical Power Plants Book
Author : Augusto Di Gianfrancesco
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-01
ISBN : 008100558X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials for Ultra-Supercritical and Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants provides researchers in academia and industry with an essential overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for key process components, such as membrane wall tubes, high-pressure steam piping and headers, superheater tubes, forged rotors, cast components, and bolting and blading for steam turbines in USC power plants. Advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels, are also addressed. Chapters on international research directions complete the volume. The transition from conventional subcritical to supercritical thermal power plants greatly increased power generation efficiency. Now the introductions of the ultra-supercritical (USC) and, in the near future, advanced ultra-supercritical (A-USC) designs are further efforts to reduce fossil fuel consumption in power plants and the associated carbon dioxide emissions. The higher operating temperatures and pressures found in these new plant types, however, necessitate the use of advanced materials. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative and systematic overview of the stronger high-temperature materials required for both ultra-supercritical and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Covers materials for critical components in ultra-supercritical power plants, such as boilers, rotors, and turbine blades Addresses advanced materials for future advanced ultra-supercritical power plants, such as superalloys, new martensitic and austenitic steels Includes chapters on technologies for welding technologies

Organic Rankine Cycle ORC Power Systems

Organic Rankine Cycle  ORC  Power Systems Book
Author : Ennio Macchi,Marco Astolfi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-24
ISBN : 0081005113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems: Technologies and Applications provides a systematic and detailed description of organic Rankine cycle technologies and the way they are increasingly of interest for cost-effective sustainable energy generation. Popular applications include cogeneration from biomass and electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, as well as waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes. With hundreds of ORC power systems already in operation and the market growing at a fast pace, this is an active and engaging area of scientific research and technical development. The book is structured in three main parts: (i) Introduction to ORC Power Systems, Design and Optimization, (ii) ORC Plant Components, and (iii) Fields of Application. Provides a thorough introduction to ORC power systems Contains detailed chapters on ORC plant components Includes a section focusing on ORC design and optimization Reviews key applications of ORC technologies, including cogeneration from biomass, electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes Various chapters are authored by well-known specialists from Academia and ORC manufacturers

Offshore Wind Farms

Offshore Wind Farms Book
Author : Chong Ng,Li Ran
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-03
ISBN : 0081007809
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides the latest information on offshore wind energy, one of Europe’s most promising and quickly maturing industries, and a potentially huge untapped renewable energy source which could contribute significantly towards EU 20-20-20 renewable energy generation targets. It has been estimated that by 2030 Europe could have 150GW of offshore wind energy capacity, meeting 14% of our power demand. Offshore Wind Farms: Technologies, Design and Operation provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging technologies, design, and operation of offshore wind farms. Part One introduces offshore wind energy as well as offshore wind turbine siting with expert analysis of economics, wind resources, and remote sensing technologies. The second section provides an overview of offshore wind turbine materials and design, while part three outlines the integration of wind farms into power grids with insights to cabling and energy storage. The final section of the book details the installation and operation of offshore wind farms with chapters on condition monitoring and health and safety, amongst others. Provides an in-depth, multi-contributor, comprehensive overview of offshore technologies, including design, monitoring, and operation Edited by respected and leading experts in the field, with experience in both academia and industry Covers a highly relevant and important topic given the great potential of offshore wind power in contributing significantly to EU 20-20-20 renewable energy targets

Steviol Glycosides

Steviol Glycosides Book
Author : Charis M. Galanakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 012820401X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Steviol Glycosides: Production, Properties, and Applications illustrates the health effects of steviol glycosides, presenting methods to preserve their stability, bioactivity and bioavailability during handling, extraction and processing. Beginning with biosynthesis, metabolism and health uses, the book also explores agronomic practices, toxicology and pharmacology, leaf drying, conventional techniques, non-thermal technologies, green recovery, membrane clarification technologies, chemical and enzymatic modifications, stability studies and food applications. This book is an excellent resource for food scientists, technologists, engineers, chemists, nutritionists, new product developers, researchers and academics with an interest in understanding steviol glycoside applications in the development of functional foods, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. Assesses the biosynthesis, metabolism and health effects of steviol glycosides Covers three critical dimensions, including properties, recovery and applications Explores recovery, analysis and processing issues, also revealing industrial applications