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Membrane Separation Processes

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Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-10-28
ISBN : 0128231637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Separation Processes: Theories, Problems, and Solutions provides graduate and senior undergraduate students and membrane researchers in academia and industry with the fundamental knowledge on the topic by explaining the underlying theory that is indispensable for solving problems that occur in membrane separation processes. All major membrane processes are discussed, and an economic analysis is provided. Separation processes such as RO, UF, MF, RO, PRO and MD are thoroughly discussed. During the last two decades, the scope of the R&D of membrane separation processes has been significantly broadened. Other sections in the book cover membrane contactor and membrane adsorption. In addition, hybrid systems in which two or more membrane systems are combined are now being investigated for large-scale applications. Written by renowned experts with extensive experience with industry, education and R&D who have complementary expertise In-depth coverage of the most important conventional and emerging membrane processes Provides fundamental membrane theories for solving problems in separation processes without using complicated software

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES Book
Author : KAUSHIK NATH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 8120352912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-12-17
ISBN : 9780849342028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : H Strathmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-01-29
ISBN : 9780080509402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification Book
Author : J.G. Crespo,Karl W. Böddeker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1994-06-30
ISBN : 9780792329299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current vigour in separations research principally derives from the need for pioneering separations processes in an emerging technology (biotechnology), from new societal emphases (reduction of chemical emissions into the environment), as well as from opportunities for achieving dramatic improvements in the efficiency of a number of manufacturing technologies through the development of a new generation of membranes (novel membrane applications). Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into `Membranes in Biotechnology' (11 papers), `Membranes in Environmental Technology' (6 papers), and `New Concepts' (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on `Energy Requirements' and `Education', i.e. membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state-of-the-art review of applied membrane processes. Even though other texts have appeared in recent years, a more documented, practical book is needed, with a strong interaction with the collateral disciplines of materials sciences, life sciences and environmental science. This book emphasizes the need for such an integrated approach to membrane processes.

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Randeep Singh,Piyal Mondal,Dibyajyoti Haldar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128188022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research. Covers entire field of thermal induced membranes, providing basic to advanced knowledge of thermal induced membranes in a single source Presents state-of-art research in the field Includes the most up-to-date examples of the fabrication, modification, and applications of thermal induced membranes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : J.G.A. Bitter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461536820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book contains a comparison of existing theoretical models developed in order to describe membrane separation processes. In general, the permeation equations resulting from these models give inaccurate predictions of the mutual effects of the permeants involved, due to the simplifications adopted in their derivation. It is concluded that an optimum description of transport phenomena in tight (diffusion-type) membranes is achieved with the "solution-diffusion" model. According to this model each component of a fluid mixture to be separated dissolves in the membrane and passes through by diffusion in response to its gradient in the chemical potential. A modified Flory-Huggins equation has been derived to calculate the solubility of the permeants in the membrane material. Contrary to the original Flory-Huggins equation, the modified equation accounts for the large effect on solubility of crystallinity and elastic strain of the polymer chains by swelling. The equilibrium sorption of liquids computed with this equation was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Also, the sorption of gases in both rubbery and glassy polymers could be described quan titatively with the modified Flory-Huggins equation without any need of the arbitrary Langmuir term, as required in the conventional "dual-mode" sorption model. Furthermore, fewer parameters are required than with the at least identical accuracy.

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy Book
Author : Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 0128034270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations Book
Author : Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-09
ISBN : 1466555580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology Book
Author : K. Scott,R. Hughes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401106274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology Book
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-17
ISBN : 9780080536187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing Book
Author : Robert W. Field,Erika Bekassy-Molnar,Frank Lipnizki,Gyula Vatai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-26
ISBN : 1420083643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Engineering Aspects of Membrane Separation and Application in Food Processing presents an overview and introduction to a wide range of membrane processes, their unique characteristics and challenges. In the food industry, as in many industries, membranes have an environmental advantage over conventional processes that they displace, because they are less energy intensive. The processing at near-ambient conditions also retains flavors and nutritional value. These advantages, together with significant reductions in the cost of membrane modules, augers well for their future not only in the dairy industry but in other parts of the food industry, such as alcohol processing, animal product processing, and fruit and vegetable processing. Chapters address a wide range of membranes separations in the food and beverage industries, and applications are provided that will be of value not only to food engineers but also to process engineers working in other areas. The processing of food is now a highly interdisciplinary science, and anyone concerned with food processing will benefit from reading this book and understanding what membrane processes of the twenty-first century have to offer.

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes Book
Author : R. Rautenbach,Robert Rautenbach,R. Albrecht
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The fundamental processes of mass transport in membranes are outlined in this book, which also develops the applications of these processes in industry. Local transport phenomena and the behaviour of individual elements, the technical unit and the module are all examined.

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes Book
Author : Anirban Roy,Siddhartha Moulik,Reddi Kamesh,Aditi Mullick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 1119536065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling. This book explores almost every major aspect of modeling and the techniques applied in membrane separation studies and applications. This includes first principle-based models, thermodynamics models, computational fluid dynamics simulations, molecular dynamics simulations, and artificial intelligence-based modeling for membrane separation processes. These models have been discussed in light of various applications ranging from desalination to gas separation. In addition, this breakthrough new volume covers the fundamentals of polymer membrane pore formation mechanisms, covering not only a wide range of modeling techniques, but also has various facets of membrane-based applications. Thus, this book can be an excellent source for a holistic perspective on membranes in general, as well as a comprehensive and valuable reference work. Whether a veteran engineer in the field or lab or a student in chemical or process engineering, this latest volume in the “Advances in Membrane Processes” is a must-have, along with the first book in the series, Membrane Processes, also available from Wiley-Scrivener.

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology Book
Author : Galanakis Charis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0128150572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separation of Functional Molecules in Food by Membrane Technology deals with an issue that is becoming a new research trend in the field of food and bioproducts processing. The book fills in the gap of transfer knowledge between academia and industry by highlighting membrane techniques and applications for the separation of food components in bioresources, discussing separation mechanisms, balancing advantages and disadvantages, and providing relevant applications. Edited by Charis Galanakis, the book is divided in 13 chapters written by experts from the meat science, food technology and engineering industries. Covers the 13 most relevant topics of functional macro and micro molecules separation using membrane technology in the food industry Brings the most recent advances in the field of membrane processing Presents the sustainability principles of the food industry and the modern bioeconomy frame of our times

Membrane Processes

Membrane Processes Book
Author : S. Sridhar,Siddhartha Moulik
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-26
ISBN : 1119418356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Separation processes are challenging steps in any process industry for isolation of products and recycling of reactants. Membrane technology has shown immense potential in separation of liquid and gaseous mixtures, effluent treatment, drinking water purification and solvent recovery. It has found endless popularity and wide acceptance for its small footprint, higher selectivity, scalability, energy saving capability and inherent ease of integration into other unit operations. There are many situations where the target component cannot be separated by distillation, liquid extraction, and evaporation. The different membrane processes such as pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation could be used for solving such industrial bottlenecks. This book covers the entire array of fundamental aspects, membrane synthesis and applications in the chemical process industries (CPI). It also includes various applications of pervaporation, vapor permeation and membrane distillation in industrially and socially relevant problems including separation of azeotropic mixtures, close-boiling compounds, organic–organic mixtures, effluent treatment along with brackish and seawater desalination, and many others. These processes can also be applied for extraction of small quantities of value-added compounds such as flavors and fragrances and selective removal of hazardous impurities, viz., volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as vinyl chloride, benzene, ethyl benzene and toluene from industrial effluents. Including case studies, this is a must-have for any process or chemical engineer working in the industry today. Also valuable as a learning tool, students and professors in chemical engineering, chemistry, and process engineering will benefit greatly from the groundbreaking new processes and technologies described in the volume.

Graphene based Membranes for Mass Transport Applications

Graphene based Membranes for Mass Transport Applications Book
Author : Pengzhan Sun,Hongwei Zhu
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2018-09-21
ISBN : 1782629394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is great interest in the novel mass-transport properties of graphene-based membrane materials, especially for environmental applications such as wastewater treatment and reuse, gas separation and water desalination. Graphene-based Membranes for Mass Transport Applicationsis a comprehensive overview of the research in this area. Starting with current state-of-the-art membrane-based filtration and separation technologies, the book then explores the structure, composition and general properties of graphene-based membranes including nanoporous graphene and graphene oxide followed by the selective mass transport properties of the membranes. The final chapters look at their specific use in barrier applications, purification and separation applications and water desalination. Edited by leading researchers, the book provides an introduction and reference to physicists, chemists, material scientists, chemical engineers and students who are entering or already working in the field of graphene-based membrane materials.

Boron Separation Processes

Boron Separation Processes Book
Author : Nalan Kabay,Nidal Hilal,Marek Bryjak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-23
ISBN : 9780444634542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation represents one of greatest human challenges for the 21st century, and membrane technology has emerged as a serious contender to confront the crisis. Yet, whilst there are countless texts on wastewater treatment and on membrane technologies, none address the boron problem and separation processes for boron elimination. Boron Separation Processes fills this gap and provides a unique and single source that highlights the growing and competitive importance of these processes. For the first time, the reader is able to see in one reference work the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly growing field. The book focuses on four main areas: Effect of boron on humans and plants Separation of boron by ion exchange and adsorption processes Separation of boron by membrane processes Simulation and optimization studies for boron separation . Provides in one source a state-of-the-art overview of this compelling area . Reviews the environmental impact of boron before introducing emerging boron separation processes . Includes simulation and optimization studies for boron separation processes . Describes boron separation processes applicable to specific sources, such as seawater, geothermal water and wastewater

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes Book
Author : D.R. Paul
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 135108433X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric Gas Separation Membranes is an outstanding reference devoted to discussing the separation of gases by membranes. An international team of contributors examines the latest findings of membrane science and practical applications and explores the complete spectrum of relevant topics from fundamentals of gas sorption and diffusion in polymers to vapor separation from air. They also compare membrane processes with other separation technologies. This essential book will be valuable to all practitioners and students in membrane science and technology.

Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Vladimir S Kislik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 9780080932569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.