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MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES Book
Author : KAUSHIK NATH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 8120352912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : H Strathmann
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2004-02-12
ISBN : 9780444502360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology Book
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-17
ISBN : 9780080536187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Patrick Meares
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by Patrick Meares, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes

Transport Mechanisms in Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : J.G.A. Bitter
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-10-21
ISBN : 9781461366362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present book contains a comparison of existing theoretical models developed in order to describe membrane separation processes. In general, the permeation equations resulting from these models give inaccurate predictions of the mutual effects of the permeants involved, due to the simplifications adopted in their derivation. It is concluded that an optimum description of transport phenomena in tight (diffusion-type) membranes is achieved with the "solution-diffusion" model. According to this model each component of a fluid mixture to be separated dissolves in the membrane and passes through by diffusion in response to its gradient in the chemical potential. A modified Flory-Huggins equation has been derived to calculate the solubility of the permeants in the membrane material. Contrary to the original Flory-Huggins equation, the modified equation accounts for the large effect on solubility of crystallinity and elastic strain of the polymer chains by swelling. The equilibrium sorption of liquids computed with this equation was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. Also, the sorption of gases in both rubbery and glassy polymers could be described quan titatively with the modified Flory-Huggins equation without any need of the arbitrary Langmuir term, as required in the conventional "dual-mode" sorption model. Furthermore, fewer parameters are required than with the at least identical accuracy.

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-10
ISBN : 1000102904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthetic Membranes and Membrane Separation Processes addresses both fundamental and practical aspects of the subject. Topics discussed in the book cover major industrial membrane separation processes, including reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, membrane gas and vapor separation, and pervaporation. Membrane materials, membrane preparation, membrane structure, membrane transport, membrane module and separation design, and applications are discussed for each separation process. Many problem-solving examples are included to help readers understand the fundamental concepts of the theory behind the processes. The book will benefit practitioners and students in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and materials science.

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Carbon based Membranes for Separation Processes

Carbon based Membranes for Separation Processes Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Dipak Rana,Takeshi Matsuura,Henry C. Foley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-14
ISBN : 9780387789910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a significant overview of carbon-related membranes. It will cover the development of carbon related membranes and membrane modules from its onset to the latest research on carbon mixed matrix membranes. After reviewing progress in the field, the authors indicate future research directions and prospective development. The authors also attempt to provide a guideline for the readers who would like to establish their own laboratories for carbon membrane research. For this purpose, detailed information on preparation, characterization and testing of various types of carbon membrane is provided. Design and construction of carbon membrane modules are also described in detail.

ELEMENTS OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

ELEMENTS OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES  Book
Author : DAVID. HASSON
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-06-20
ISBN : 9780866890779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download ELEMENTS OF MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES book written by DAVID. HASSON, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy Book
Author : Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 0128034270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Patrick Meares
Publisher : Elsevier Science & Technology
Release : 1976
ISBN : 9780444414465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by Patrick Meares, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations Book
Author : Anil K. Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-07-07
ISBN : 0849395496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Applications provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies as they have evolved over the past decades. To provide a basic understanding of membrane technology, this book documents the developments dealing with these technologies. It explores chemical, pharmaceutical, food processing and biotechnological applications of membrane processes ranging from selective separation to solvent and material recovery. This text also presents in-depth knowledge of membrane separation mechanisms, transport models, membrane permeability computations, membrane types and modules, as well as membrane reactors.

MEMBRANE PROCESSES Volume III

MEMBRANE PROCESSES   Volume III Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010-11-05
ISBN : 1848264178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Processes is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These volumes discuss matters of great relevance to our world on desalination which is a critically important as clearly the only possible means of producing fresh water from the sea for many parts of the world. The two volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Membrane Processes such as: History And Current Status Of Membrane Desalination Processes; Membrane Science And Reclamation; Membrane Characterization; Principles And Practices Of Reverse Osmosis; Reverse Osmosis: Introduction; Hollow-Fiber Membranes; Preparation And Characterization Of Ionexchange Membranes; Preparation And Characterization Of Micro- And Ultrafiltration Membranes; Membrane Distillation; Desalination By Membrane Distillation; Pervaporation;Dialysis And Diffusion Dialysis; Donnan Dialysis; Modeling And Calculation Of Pressure-Driven Membrane Processes; Survey Of Theoretical Approaches To Modeling; Pressure-Driven Membrane. Processes(Submodels For Transport In Phases); Reverse Osmosis Process And System Design; Practical Aspects Of Large-Scale Reverse Osmosis Applications; Health, Safety And Environmental Considerations; Membrane Separation Technologies; Concentration Of Liquid Foods; Mass Transfer Operation–Membrane Separations; Mass Transfer Operations: Hybrid Membrane Processes; Recent Advances In Membrane Science And Technology In Seawater Desalination – With Technology Development In The Middle East And Singapore. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Yames R. Critser,Lexington data
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980-05-01
ISBN : 9780914428725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by Yames R. Critser,Lexington data, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Processing for Dairy Ingredient Separation

Membrane Processing for Dairy Ingredient Separation Book
Author : Kang Hu,James Dickson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-20
ISBN : 1118590171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane processing is a filtration technique in which particles are separated from liquids by being forced through a porous material, or membrane. Applied to dairy products, the separation techniques allow valuable compounds, found in milk, to be isolated for use as ingredients in food processing. A comprehensive overview of membrane separation processes, this book explores various applications such as pressure driven processes, electrical field driven processes, and concentration driven processes, for the recovery of various dairy streams and ingredients. The topics covered place emphasis on new applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, and pervaporation. The text also presents in-depth knowledge of the mechanisms of each membrane separation process, as well as membrane types and the equipment used in these processes. Combining their educational backgrounds and substantial industrial experience in dairy ingredients processes, the authors address cutting-edge technologies that have been thoroughly researched and have great potential to be commercialized in the near future. The book will therefore be of interest to dairy industry professionals and will serve as a source of reference material for professors and students in food science and engineering.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Jerry Meldon
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008-03-01
ISBN : 9780521473385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by Jerry Meldon, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : James R. Critser
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994-05
ISBN : 9780881780871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by James R. Critser, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Membrane Separation Systems

Membrane Separation Systems Book
Author : Richard W. Baker
Publisher : Noyes Publications
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 9780815512707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses recent developments and future directions in the field of membrane separation systems. Describes research needed to bring energy-saving membrane separation processes to technical and commercial readiness for commercial acceptance within the next 5 to 20 years. Pays particular attention to identifying currently emerging innovative processes.

Membrane Separation Processes For Industrial Application

Membrane Separation Processes For Industrial Application Book
Author : Sudheer Kumar Shukla,Vivek Kumar,M. C. Bansal
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-07
ISBN : 9783659171000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the industry, membrane technology can be used for instance for recycling chemicals, cleaning total effluent, or membranes can be used as a 'kidney' in the industry to eliminate contaminants from the water circulation system. The membrane separation processes can be tailored according to the required degree of purification by choosing the convenient membrane. Disposal of concentrate (retentate) obtained from membrane filtration effluent from industry, is a major problem. Many attempts have been made for treatment/disposal of concentrate using conventional biological treatment or land filling. The book discusses principles of membrane separation process (UF, NF and RO) with actual example of its application in paper industry. This book also discusses membrane performance with respect to different process variables. In addition, environmentally and economically beneficial management of membrane concentrate (highly polluted) is also discussed. This book should be useful for graduate and undergraduate students, engineers, researchers, consultants, managers and other professionals working in the environmental engineering and science field.

Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps

Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps Book
Author : Mark Peters,David Glasser,Diane Hildebrandt,Shehzaad Kauchali
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-04-20
ISBN : 0470922834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design and Synthesis of Membrane Separation Processes provides a novel method of design and synthesis for membrane separation. While the main focus of the book is given to gas separation and pervaporation membranes, the theory has been developed in such a way that it is general and valid for any type of membrane. The method, which uses a graphical technique, allows one to calculate and visualize the change in composition of the retentate (non-permeate) phase. This graphical approach is based on Membrane Residue Curve Maps. One of the strengths of this approach is that it is exactly analogous to the method of Residue Curve Maps that has proved so successful in distillation system synthesis and design.