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Membrane Separation Principles and Applications

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications Book
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mukhlis A. Rahman,Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-07
ISBN : 012812816X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications: From Material Selection to Mechanisms and Industrial Uses, the latest volume in the Handbooks in Separation Science series, is the first single resource to explore all aspects of this rapidly growing area of study. Membrane technology is now accepted as one of the most effective tools for separation and purification, primarily due to its simple operation. The result has been a proliferation of studies on this topic; however, the relationships between fundamental knowledge and applications are rarely discussed. This book acts as a guideline for those who are interested in exploring membranes at a more progressive level. Covering methods of pressure driving force, partial pressure driving force, concentration driving force, electrical potential driving force, hybrid processes, and more, this volume is more complete than any other known resource on membrane separations. Covers membrane material selection, membrane fabrication, membrane characterization, separation mechanisms and applications in each chapter Authored by contributors who are internationally recognized as experts in their respective fields Organized by the driving force behind each type of membrane separation—a unique approach that more clearly links fundamental principles with their dominant applications

Membrane Separations Technology

Membrane Separations Technology Book
Author : R.D. Noble,S.A. Stern
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-01-17
ISBN : 9780080536187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of membrane separation technology is presently in a state of rapid growth and innovation. Many different membrane separation processes have been developed during the past half century and new processes are constantly emerging from academic, industrial, and governmental laboratories. While new membrane separation processes are being conceived with remarkable frequency, existing processes are also being constantly improved in order to enhance their economic competitiveness. Significant improvements are currently being made in many aspects of membrane separation technology: in the development of new membrane materials with higher selectivity and/or permeability, in the fabrication methods for high-flux asymmetric or composite membranes, in membrane module construction and in process design. Membrane separation technology is presently being used in an impressive variety of applications and has generated businesses totalling over one billion U.S. dollars annually. The main objective of this book is to present the principles and applications of a variety of membrane separation processes from the unique perspectives of investigators who have made important contributions to their fields. Another objective is to provide the reader with an authoritative resource on various aspects of this rapidly growing technology. The text can be used by someone who wishes to learn about a general area of application as well as by the knowledgeable person seeking more detailed information.

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy Book
Author : Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 0128034270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES Book
Author : KAUSHIK NATH
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2017-01-01
ISBN : 8120352912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology Book
Author : Marcel Mulder,J. Mulder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-09-30
ISBN : 9780792342472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of synthetic membrane science and technology is an active, growing field involving an interdisciplinary mixture of polymer chemistry, physical chemistry, and chemical engineering. Some membrane processes are reasonably well understood, and have been commercialised for some period of time. Other membrane processes have only recently been employed in commercial applications, and still other processes are only in formative research stages. This volume gives a comprehensive compendium of the basic principles in the field of synthetic membranes. The following topics are covered: basic aspects of membrane processes; materials and material properties; membrane preparation and characterisation; membrane transport; concentration polarisation and fouling; process and module design. The second edition of this well-established text has been considerably expanded and updated, and many chapters now contain sections giving solved and unsolved problems. Audience: This book is recommended as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a comprehensive reference for engineers, scientists, and technical management.

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Ion Exchange Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : H Strathmann
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-01-29
ISBN : 9780080509402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Liquid Membranes

Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Vladimir S Kislik
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-31
ISBN : 9780080932569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Basic Principles of Membrane Technology Book
Author : J. Mulder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 9401708355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membranes playa central role in our daily life, or as indicated by one of my foreign colleagues, Richard Bowen, 'If you are tired of membranes, you are tired of life' . Biological membranes are hardly used in industrial applications, but separations with synthetic membranes have become increasingly important. Today, membrane processes are used in a wide range of applications and their numbers will certainly increase. Therefore, there is a need for well educated and qualified engineers, chemists, scientists and technicians who have been taught the basic principles of membrane technology. However, despite the growing importance of membrane processes, there are only a few universities that include membrane technology in their regular curricula. One of the reasons for this may be the lack of a comprehensive textbook. For me, this was one of the driving forces for writing a textbook on the basic principles of membrane technology which provides a broad view on the various aspects of membrane technology. I realise that membrane technology covers a broad field but nevertheless I have tried to describe the basic principles of the various disciplines. Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Mihir Kumar Purkait,Randeep Singh,Dibyajyoti Haldar,Piyal Mondal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-03
ISBN : 0128188014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes describes the fundamental and advanced areas associated with the field of thermal induced membrane separation processes. It includes extensive coverage of material selection, types, and theory of thermal induced membrane fabrication, characterization, and modification. This book focuses on the applications of various thermal induced membrane processes and discusses ancillary topics related to the subject, such as membrane modules, membrane contactors and reactors, preparation and characterization techniques, smart membranes, fouling and its mitigation, and economic analysis of the thermal induced membrane separation processes. Thermal Induced Membrane Separation Processes elaborates on every aspect on the thermal induced membranes in a simple and straightforward manner, helping readers ranging from students to researchers in academia and the industry to understand the processes for successful execution and implementation into their research.

Membrane Distillation

Membrane Distillation Book
Author : Mohamed Khayet,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0444531262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes

Pervaporation Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Robert Y. M. Huang
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hardbound. Covered here are the various aspects of pervaporation: theory and principles, separation characteristics, sorption and diffusion, thermodynamics and evaluation of polymer materials for membranes, as well as plant design and optimization. The book also includes interesting new material on the synthesis of novel copolymer membranes with very high separation potential and future implications for the pervaporation separation of biological systems and its applications in the exciting field of biochemical engineering. Special attention is paid to industrial research and applications of pervaporation membranes and plant operations involving new pervaporation processes.The book also includes a chapter dealing with the development of vapour permeation for industrial applications, which is a new variant of liquid pervaporation processes.

Synthetic Membrane Processes

Synthetic Membrane Processes Book
Author : Georges Belfort
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9780120854806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthetic Membrane Processes book written by Georges Belfort, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration

Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Book
Author : Zeman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-07-09
ISBN : 9780824797355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrates knowledge on microfiltration and ultrification, membrane chemistry, and characterization methods with the engineering and economic aspects of device performance, device and module design, processes, and applications. The text provides a discussion of membrane fundamentals and an analytical framework for designing and developing new filtrations systems for a broad range of technologically important functions. It offers information on membrane liquid precursors, fractal and stochastic pore space analysis, novel and advanced module designs, and original process design calculations.

Membrane Separation Processes

Membrane Separation Processes Book
Author : Patrick Meares
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Separation Processes book written by Patrick Meares, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes

Modeling in Membranes and Membrane Based Processes Book
Author : Anirban Roy,Siddhartha Moulik,Reddi Kamesh,Aditi Mullick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-07
ISBN : 1119536065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book Modeling in Membranes and Membrane-Based Processes is based on the idea of developing a reference which will cover most relevant and “state-of-the-art” approaches in membrane modeling. This book explores almost every major aspect of modeling and the techniques applied in membrane separation studies and applications. This includes first principle-based models, thermodynamics models, computational fluid dynamics simulations, molecular dynamics simulations, and artificial intelligence-based modeling for membrane separation processes. These models have been discussed in light of various applications ranging from desalination to gas separation. In addition, this breakthrough new volume covers the fundamentals of polymer membrane pore formation mechanisms, covering not only a wide range of modeling techniques, but also has various facets of membrane-based applications. Thus, this book can be an excellent source for a holistic perspective on membranes in general, as well as a comprehensive and valuable reference work. Whether a veteran engineer in the field or lab or a student in chemical or process engineering, this latest volume in the “Advances in Membrane Processes” is a must-have, along with the first book in the series, Membrane Processes, also available from Wiley-Scrivener.

Diffusion in and Through Polymers

Diffusion in and Through Polymers Book
Author : Wolf R. Vieth
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780195209068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work examines the subject of diffusion in polymers from a unified, hands-on point of view. The author describes important recent discoveries in membrane separation processes, and details related research on polymer sorption and diffusion, structure-property relationships for penetrant transport, and case studies with poly(ethylene terephthalate). This work yields a new understanding of small molecule transport processes, non-equilibrium molecular characterization of glassy polymers, carrier-supported enzymes and whole cells, biosensors, and bioreactor analysis and design. The first eight chapters address the core principles of diffusion in polymers and their application to membrane separations. The last three chapters extend these principles to practical applications in the field of bioprocesses. An internationally recognized expert, the author has won a DuPont Invention Award, and the Visiting Scientists Award of Japan. He is currently Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at Rutgers University.

Membrane Bioreactor Processes

Membrane Bioreactor Processes Book
Author : Seong-Hoon Yoon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-06-17
ISBN : 1482255847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grasp the Essential Principles of Membrane Bioreactor Processes Evolved from the conventional activated sludge (CAS) process, membrane bioreactor (MBR) processes have become the next-generation solution for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment and recycle. Membrane Bioreactor Processes: Principles and Applications explores nearly all the theoretical and practical aspects of membrane bioreactor technologies. Using the author’s expertise obtained from academia and industry, this book provides the crucial details on MBR technology that that you need to know. The book details the theoretical and practical backgrounds of current practices involved with membrane module design, biological and membrane system design, system optimization, and system operation. Outlines the State of the Art of the Membrane Bioreactor Technology The text discusses the fundamentals of membrane filtration, emphasizing the principles of submerged membrane filtration. It also explores the complex interaction among key design and operating parameters, offers comprehensive explanations on the interconnectivity between biological and membrane systems, and covers new findings discovered in recent years. This book clearly explains how small-scale systems perform differently from larger-scale systems and its implications in data interpretation. Using this book as a platform, the technology can be developed further and quickly applied in future processes.

Liquid Separations with Membranes

Liquid Separations with Membranes Book
Author : Karl W. Böddeker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-14
ISBN : 9783540474531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The plan of this book is to present the relevant thermodynamic features of fluid mixtures in contact with semipermeable barriers, then to apply this information in deriving the design requirements of individual membrane separation processes. The membranes, by this approach, are introduced by way of the mass transport and selectivity demands which they are to meet. This book gives a survey, in systematic order, of the terms and concepts by which barrier separations operate.

Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications

Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications Book
Author : Norman N Li,Anthony G. Fane,W. S. Winston Ho,Takeshi Matsuura
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-20
ISBN : 1118211545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.

Separation Processes in the Food and Biotechnology Industries

Separation Processes in the Food and Biotechnology Industries Book
Author : A S Grandison,M J Lewis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1996-01-01
ISBN : 1855736578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews methods and techniques for separating food components and products of the biotechnology industry. The introduction focuses on food composition and some of the conventional separation techniques. Subsequent chapters deal with each specific type or area of application individually and include information on the basic principles, industrial equipment available, commercial applications and an overview of research and development.