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Membrane Based Separations In Metallurgy

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Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy

Membrane Based Separations in Metallurgy Book
Author : Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-02-26
ISBN : 0128034270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes

Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes Book
Author : Pei Li,Yan Wang,Lan-Ying Jiang,Neal Tai-Shung Chung
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-09
ISBN : 303897790X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through reading this book, you will obtain information on: (1) the main problems in air separation and natural gas treatment by membrane separation and how to solve them; (2) processes involving membranes and new membrane materials for the more economical utilization of bio-resources; (3) energy selection and membrane development for more expedient and stable harnessing of the natural osmosis phenomenon; (4) many excellent contributions about catalytic membrane bioreactors; (5) how to fine-tune the arrangement of aquaporins (i.e., proteins identified in biological cells) to achieve superior water treatment efficiency.

Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors

Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors Book
Author : Anil K. Pabby,S. Ranil Wickramasinghe,Kamalesh K. Sirkar,Ana-Maria Sastre
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-23
ISBN : 0429677456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on hollow fiber contractors presents an up-to-date compilation of the latest developments and milestones in this membrane technology. Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors: Module Fabrication, Design and Operation, and Potential Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of hollow fiber membrane applications (including a few case studies) in biotechnology, chemical, food, and nuclear engineering. The chapters in this book have been classified using the following, based on different ways of contacting fluids with each other: Gas-liquid contacting; Liquid-liquid contacting; Supported liquid membrane; Supported gas membrane; Fluid-fluid contacting. Other features include: Discusses using non-dispersive solvent extraction, hollow fiber strip dispersion, hollow fiber supported liquid membranes and role of process intensification in integrated use of these processes Provides technical and economic perspectives with several case studies related to specific scenarios Demonstrates module fabrication, design, operation and maintenance of hollow fiber contactors for different applications and performance Presents discussion on newer concepts like membrane emulsification, membrane nanoprecipitation, membrane crystallization and membrane condenser Special focus on emerging areas such as the use of hollow fiber contactor in back end of nuclear fuel cycle, membrane distillation, dehumidification of air and gas absorption and stripping Discusses theoretical analysis including computational modeling of different hollow fiber membrane processes, and presents emphasis on newly developed area of hollow fiber membrane based analytical techniques Presents discussion on upcoming area dealing with hollow fiber contactors-based technology in fermentation and enzymatic transformation and in chiral separations This book is equally suited for newcomers to the field, as well as for engineers and scientists that have basic knowledge in this field but are interested in obtaining more information about specific future applications.

Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer

Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer Book
Author : Endre Nagy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-05
ISBN : 0128137231
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer, Second Edition, has been fully updated to deliver the latest research in the field. This volume covers the essentials of compound separation, product removal, concentration, and production in the chemical, biochemical, pharmaceutical, and food industries. It outlines the various membrane processes and their applications, offering a detailed mathematical description of mass transport and defining basic mass transport and concentration distribution expressions. Additionally, this book discusses the process parameters and application of the expressions developed for a variety of industrial applications. Comprehensive explanations of convective/diffusive mass transport are provided, both with and without polarization layers, that help predict and process performance and facilitate improvements to operation conditions and efficiency. Basic Equations of Mass Transport Through a Membrane Layer is an ideal resource for engineers and technologists in the chemical, biochemical, and pharmaceutical industries, as well as researchers, professors, and students in these areas at both an undergraduate and graduate level. Cites and analyzes mass transport equations developed for different membrane processes. Examines the effect of biochemical/chemical reactions in the presence of convective and diffusive flows in plane and cylindrical spaces. Defines the mass transfer rate for first- and zero-order reactions and analytical approaches are given for other-order reactions in closed mathematical forms. Analyzes the simultaneous convective and diffusive transports with same or different directions.

Nanofiltration 2 Volume Set

Nanofiltration  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Andrea Iris Schäfer,Anthony G. Fane
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-08-09
ISBN : 3527346902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An updated guide to the growing field of nanofiltration including fundamental principles, important industrial applications as well as novel materials With contributions from an international panel of experts, the revised second edition of Nanofiltration contains a comprehensive overview of this growing field. The book covers the basic principles of nanofiltration including the design and characterizations of nanofiltration membranes. The expert contributors highlight the broad ranges of industrial applications including water treatment, food, pulp and paper, and textiles. The book explores photocatalytic nanofiltration reactors, organic solvent nanofiltration, as well as nanofiltration in metal and acid recovery. In addition, information on the most recent developments in the field are examined including nanofiltration retentate treatment and renewable energy-powered nanofiltration. The authors also consider the future of nanofiltration materials such as carbon- as well as polymer-based materials. This important book: Explores the fast growing field of the membrane process of nanofiltration Examines the rapidly expanding industrial sector's use of membranes for water purification Covers the most important industrial applications with a strong focus on water treatment Contains a section on new membrane materials, including carbon-based and polymer-based materials, as well as information on artificial ion and water channels as biomimetic membranes Written for scientists and engineers in the fields of chemistry, environment, food and materials, the second edition of Nanofiltration provides a comprehensive overview of the field, outlines the principles of the technology, explores the industrial applications, and discusses new materials.

Chemical Metallurgy

Chemical Metallurgy Book
Author : Chiranjib Kumar Gupta
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527605258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical metallurgy is a well founded and fascinating branch of the wide field of metallurgy. This book provides detailed information on both the first steps of separation of desirable minerals and the subsequent mineral processing operations. The complex chemical processes of extracting various elements through hydrometallurgical, pyrometallurgical or electrometallurgical operations are explained. In the choice of material for this work, the author made good use of the synergy of scientific principles and industrial practices, offering the much needed and hitherto unavailable combination of detailed treatises on both compiled in one book.

Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater

Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-22
ISBN : 9811648239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater book written by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hydrometallurgy 2008

Hydrometallurgy 2008 Book
Author : Courtney A. Young,Patrick R. Taylor,Corby G. Anderson
Publisher : SME
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0873352661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Petrus van Staden shares his insights on minerals biotechnology. John Canterford explores plant design and operation. Gordon Bacon discusses the challenges of plant start-ups, and John Marsden offers practical solutions for reducing energy consumption in all aspects of unit operations." "Bob Shoemaker, one of the world's most respected authorities on precious metal recovery, reflects on developments and lessons learned during his half century in the business." "Hundreds of other authors provide insights on acid rock drainage, waste water and resource recovery, process development and modeling, heap leaching, the future role of hydrometallurgy, and countless other timely, important subjects."

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes

Ceramic Membranes Applied in Separation Processes Book
Author : Dionisio da Silva Biron,Venina dos Santos,Mara Zeni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 3319586041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers diverse types of ceramic membranes applied in separation processes. The authors present the preparation methods and well as the main application of ceramic membranes. Modules, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are topics described within the text. The final chapter focuses on water and wastewater treatment by membranes separation processes.

Proceedings of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

Proceedings of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Book
Author : G. Kachaniwsky,C. Newman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 148328669X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The symposium brings together papers by industrial users of oxygen, major oxygen producers, engineering firms and leading experts in the field. It covers recent development in oxygen technology - both in application and technology. Both pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical applications are discussed, and O2 production technologies feature the cryogenic process together with several alternative novel methods. Established and new emerging processes are featured, and increased process efficiencies, higher throughputs and reduced energy consumption are among the objectives of the symposium.

Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Book
Author : South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy book written by South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Membrane Separations

Handbook of Membrane Separations Book
Author : Anil Kumar Pabby,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ana Maria Sastre Requena
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-09
ISBN : 1466555580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications, Second Edition provides detailed information on membrane separation technologies from an international team of experts. The handbook fills an important gap in the current literature by providing a comprehensive discussion of membrane application

Hydroxyoximes and Copper Hydrometallurgy

Hydroxyoximes and Copper Hydrometallurgy Book
Author : Jan Szymanowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1993-06-11
ISBN : 9780849349409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydroxyoximes and Copper Hydrometallurgy provides a current examination of what is known regarding hydroxyoxime extractants, the chemistry and physicochemistry of extraction, and the potential of applying hydroxyoximes for extraction of copper and other metals in industrial processes. Topics addressed include the development of the hydrometallurgical process, methods of synthesis and structural characteristics, extraction properties, losses of active substances and problems associated with environmental pollution, the potential of metal extraction and separation with hydroxyoximes, methods of extraction and stripping that can improve metal separation and recovery, the applications of hydroxyoximes in various membrane processes, and industrial processes and equipment used for processing oxide ores and tailing. The book will benefit metallurgists, hydrometallurgists, analytical and physical chemists, and researchers in mining industries and solvent extraction.

Hydrometallurgy

Hydrometallurgy Book
Author : Suresh Bhargava,Mark Pownceby,Rahul Ram
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-07-02
ISBN : 3038424641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Hydrometallurgy" that was published in Metals

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths Book
Author : Nagaiyar Krishnamurthy,Chiranjib Kumar Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-02
ISBN : 1466576383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Edition Now Covers Recycling, Environmental Issues, and Analytical Determination Employing four decades of experience in the rare metal and rare earths industry, the authors of Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths, Second Edition present the entire subject of rare earth elements with depth and accuracy. This second edition updates the most important developments from the past 10 years. It emphasizes advances made in rare-earth materials processing (converting a rare-earth metal, alloy, or compound to a device-ready material), breakthroughs in the area of rare-earth separation, and now includes a chapter on the recycling of rare earth elements from magnets, batteries, and phosphors among others, covering both manufacturing scrap or materials in end of life devices. Essential to Your Collection This second edition presents comprehensive, detailed, and up-to-date coverage that includes: All aspects of rare earth extractive metallurgy A status of rare earth extraction from various world resources Flow sheets that can be used for rare earths separation, metal reduction, alloy making, refining and end product materials preparation Techniques of various rare earths recycling options An outline of environmental issues in rare earths mining and processing Methods of rare earths determination and analyses of components and impurities in rare earth materials Information extensively linked to primary literature with a complete listing of references A narration of the changing scenario of world rare earth resources and possibility of their exploitation An indispensable resource, Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths, Second Edition explains the many aspects of rare earth extractive metallurgy clearly and systematically. The text reveals process implementation possibilities and research opportunities, and considers potential solutions to the challenges impacting this rapidly changing industry.

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Progress in Filtration and Separation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-10-14
ISBN : 012398307X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes

Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes Book
Author : Manuel Aguilar,Jose Luis Cortina
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-04-07
ISBN : 9781420014112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The applications of solvent extraction (SX) and liquid membranes (LM) span chemistry, metallurgy, hydrometallurgy, chemical/mineral processing, and waste treatment—making it difficult to find a single resource that encompasses fundamentals as well as advanced applications. Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes: Fundamentals and Applications in New Materials draws together a diverse group of internationally recognized experts to highlight key scientific and technological aspects of solvent extraction that are critical to future work in the field. The first chapters identify relevant thermodynamics, kinetics, and interfacial behavior principles and introduce methods for calculating extraction equilibria and kinetic parameters. The next chapters focus on engineering and technological aspects of various industrial processes and plant applications, including optimization and modeling tools and calculations. The final chapters examine new materials for metal extraction and separations, covering preparation and application processes for organic and inorganic sorbents, solid polymeric extractants, and solvent impregnated resins. Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes offers a comprehensive review of the most important principles, calculations, and procedures involved in this widely applicable separation technique. The book’s pedagogical approach will benefit students and researchers in the field as well as working scientists and engineers who wish to apply solvent extraction to their own applications.

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment Book
Author : Alberto Figoli,Jan Hoinkis,Jochen Bundschuh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 1315735237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.

Industrial Environmental Chemistry

Industrial Environmental Chemistry Book
Author : Donald T. Sawyer,Arthur E. Martell
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-11
ISBN : 1489923209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph consists of manuscripts submitted by invited speakers who participated in the symposium "Industrial Environmental Chemistry: Waste Minimization in Industrial Processes and Remediation of Hazardous Waste," held March 24-26, 1992, at Texas A&M University. This meeting was the tenth annual international symposium sponsored by the Texas A&M Industry-University Cooperative Chemistry Program (IUCCP). The program was developed by an academic-industrial steering committee consisting of the co-chairmen, Professors Donald T. Sawyer and Arthur E. Martell of the Texas A&M University Chemistry Department, and members appointed by the sponsoring companies: Bernie A. Allen, Jr., Dow Chemical USA; Kirk W. Brown, Texas A&M University; Abraham Clearfield, Texas A&M University; Greg Leyes, Monsanto Company; Jay Warner, Hoechst-Celanese Corporation; Paul M. Zakriski, BF Goodrich Company; and Emile A. Schweikert, Texas A&M University (IUCCP Coordinator). The subject of this conference reflects the interest that has developed in academic institutions and industry for technological solutions to environmental contamination by industrial wastes. Progress is most likely with strategies that minimize waste production from industrial processes. Clearly the key to the protection and preservation of the environment will be through R&D that optimizes chemical processes to minimize or eliminate waste streams. Eleven of the papers are directed to waste minimization. An additional ten papers discuss chemical and biological remediation strategies for hazardous wastes that contaminate soils, sludges, and water.

Rare Metal Technology 2020

Rare Metal Technology 2020 Book
Author : Gisele Azimi,Kerstin Forsberg,Takanari Ouchi,Hojong Kim,Shafiq Alam,Alafara Abdullahi Baba
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-20
ISBN : 3030367584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection presents papers from a symposium on extraction of rare metals as well as rare extraction processing techniques used in metal production. Rare metals include strategic metals that are in increasing demand and subject to supply risks. Metals represented include neodymium, dysprosium, scandium and others; platinum group metals including platinum, palladium, iridium, and others; battery related metals including lithium, cobalt, nickel, and aluminum; electronics-related materials including copper and gold; and refectory metals including titanium, niobium, zirconium, and hafnium. Other critical materials such as gallium, germanium, indium and silicon are also included. Papers cover various processing techniques, including but not limited to hydrometallurgy (solvent extraction, ion exchange, precipitation, and crystallization), electrometallurgy (electrorefining and electrowinning), pyrometallurgy, and aeriometallurgy (supercritical fluid extraction). Contributions are focused on primary production as well as secondary production through urban mining and recycling to enable a circular economy. ​A useful resource for all involved in commodity metal production, irrespective of the major metal Provides knowledge of cross-application among industries Extraction and processing of rare metals that are the main building block of many emerging critical technologies have been receiving significant attention in recent years. The technologies that rely on critical metals are prominent worldwide, and finding a way to extract and supply them effectively is highly desirable and beneficial.